Domain

Glycosyl transferase, family 51 (IPR001264)

Short name: Glyco_trans_51

Domain relationships

None.

Description

The biosynthesis of disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides involves the action of hundreds of different glycosyltransferases. These enzymes catalyse the transfer of sugar moieties from activated donor molecules to specific acceptor molecules, forming glycosidic bonds. A classification of glycosyltransferases using nucleotide diphospho-sugar, nucleotide monophospho-sugar and sugar phosphates (EC:2.4.1.-) and related proteins into distinct sequence based families has been described [PMID: 9334165]. This classification is available on the CAZy (CArbohydrate-Active EnZymes) web site. The same three-dimensional fold is expected to occur within each of the families. Because 3-D structures are better conserved than sequences, several of the families defined on the basis of sequence similarities may have similar 3-D structures and therefore form 'clans'.

Glycosyltransferase family 51 GT51 comprises enzymes with only one known activity; murein polymerases (EC:2.4). These enzymes utilise MurNAc-GlcNAc-P-P-lipid II as the sugar donor.

The family includes the bifunctional penicillin-binding proteins that have a transglycosylase (N terminus) and transpeptidase (C terminus) domain [PMID: 9244263] and the monofunctional biosynthetic peptidoglycan transglycosylases [PMID: 8830253].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam