Family

Peptidase C13, legumain (IPR001096)

Short name: Peptidase_C13

Family relationships

Description

Asparaginyl endopeptidase, also known as legumain, is a family of cysteine proteases found in many organisms. This group of cysteine peptidases belong to the MEROPS peptidase family C13 (legumain family, clan CD). A type example is legumain from Canavalia ensiformis (Jack bean, Horse bean) [PMID: 7852272]. Although legumains were first described from beans (also known as Vacuolar Processing Enzymes), homologues have been identified in plants, protozoa, vertebrates, and helminths [PMID: 7845226, PMID: 9065484]. In blood-feeding helminths, asparaginyl endopeptidases (sometimes described as hemoglobinases) have been located in the gut and are considered to be involved in host hemoglobin digestion [PMID: 8457210, PMID: 15275249, PMID: 24696276, PMID: 17028179].

Also included in the family C13 of cysteine peptidases are GPI-anchor transamidases, which share significant homology with legumains. GPI-anchor transamidases mediate glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchoring in the endoplasmic reticulum [PMID: 8978684, PMID: 10793132].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006508 proteolysis

Molecular Function

GO:0004197 cysteine-type endopeptidase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PIRSF
PRINTS
Pfam
PANTHER