Domain

Adenylyl cyclase class-3/4/guanylyl cyclase (IPR001054)

Short name: A/G_cyclase

Domain relationships

Description

Guanylate cyclases (EC:4.6.1.2) catalyse the formation of cyclic GMP (cGMP) from GTP. cGMP acts as an intracellular messenger, activating cGMP-dependent kinases and regulating cGMP-sensitive ion channels. The role of cGMP as a second messenger in vascular smooth muscle relaxation and retinal photo-transduction is well established. Guanylate cyclase is found both in the soluble and particulate fractions of eukaryotic cells. The soluble and plasma membrane-bound forms differ in structure, regulation and other properties [PMID: 1349465, PMID: 1356629, PMID: 1680765, PMID: 1982420]. Most currently known plasma membrane-bound forms are receptors for small polypeptides. The soluble forms of guanylate cyclase are cytoplasmic heterodimers having alpha and beta subunits.

In all characterised eukaryote guanylyl- and adenylyl cyclases, cyclic nucleotide synthesis is carried out by the conserved class III cyclase domain.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0009190 cyclic nucleotide biosynthetic process
GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction

Molecular Function

GO:0016849 phosphorus-oxygen lyase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles
GENE3D
SMART
Pfam