Family

Neurohypophysial hormone (IPR000981)

Short name: Neurhyp_horm

Family relationships

None.

Description

Oxytocin and vasopressin are nine-residue, structurally and functionally related neurohypophysial peptide hormones. Oxytocin mediates contraction of the smooth muscle of the uterus and mammary gland, while vasopressin has antidiuretic action on the kidney, and mediates vasoconstriction of the peripheral vessels [PMID: 3147712]. In common with most active peptides, both hormones are synthesised as larger protein precursors that are enzymatically converted to their mature forms. Members of this family are found in birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians (mesotocin, isotocin, valitocin, glumitocin, aspargtocin, vasotocin, seritocin, asvatocin, phasvatocin), in worms (annetocin), octopi (cephalotocin), Locusta migratoria (Migratory locust) (locupressin or neuropeptide F1/F2) and in molluscs (conopressins G and S) [PMID: 7591488].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005185 neurohypophyseal hormone activity

Cellular Component

GO:0005576 extracellular region

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
ProDom
PRINTS
SMART
PANTHER
PIRSF
Pfam
GENE3D
SUPERFAMILY