Fungi-IV metallothionein, family 11 (IPR000869)

Short name: Metalthion_11

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Family relationships



Metallothioneins (MT) are small proteins that bind heavy metals, such as zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, etc. They have a high content of cysteine residues that bind the metal ions through clusters of thiolate bonds [PMID: 3064814, PMID: 2959513, PMID: 1779825]. The metallothionein superfamily comprises all polypeptides that resemble equine renal metallothionein in several respects, e.g. low molecular weight; high metal content; amino acid composition with high Cys and low aromatic residue content; unique sequence with characteristic distribution of cysteines, and spectroscopic manifestations indicative of metal thiolate clusters. A MT family subsumes MTs that share particular sequence-specific features and are thought to be evolutionarily related. Fifteen MT families have been characterised, each family being identified by its number and its taxonomic range.

Fungi-IV (family 11) MTs are proteins of about 55-56 residues, with 9 conserved cysteines. Its members are recognised by the sequence pattern C-X-K-C-x-C-x(2)-C-K-C. The taxonomic range of the members extends to ascomycotina. The protein contains a number of unusual histidine and phenylalanine residues conserved in the N-terminal part of the sequence. This fragment does not contain any Cys. The protein binds to copper ions.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005507 copper ion binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.