Family

Arsenical pump membrane protein, ArsB (IPR000802)

Short name: Arsenical_pump_ArsB

Family relationships

None.

Description

Arsenic is a toxic metalloid whose trivalent and pentavalent ions inhibit a variety of biochemical processes. Operons that encode arsenic resistance have been found in multicopy plasmids from both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria [PMID: 7721697]. The resistance mechanism is encoded from a single operon, which houses an anion pump. The pump has two polypeptide components: a catalytic subunit (the ArsA protein), which functions as an oxyanion-stimulated ATPase; and an arsenite export component (the ArsB protein), which is associated with the inner membrane [PMID: 1688427]. The ArsA and ArsB proteins are thought to form a membrane complex that functions as an anion-translocating ATPase.

The ArsB protein is distinguished by its overall hydrophobic character, in keeping with its role as a membrane-associated channel. Sequence analysis reveals the presence of 13 putative transmembrane (TM) regions.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0015700 arsenite transport

Molecular Function

GO:0015105 arsenite transmembrane transporter activity

Cellular Component

GO:0016021 integral component of membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
TIGRFAMs
PRINTS
Pfam