RNA polymerase, alpha subunit (IPR000722)

Short name: RNA_pol_asu

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Domain relationships



RNA polymerases catalyse the DNA dependent polymerisation of RNA from DNA, using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates. Prokaryotes contain a single RNA polymerase compared to three in eukaryotes (not including mitochondrial and chloroplast polymerases). Eukaryotic RNA polymerase I is essentially used to transcribe ribosomal RNA units, polymerase II is used for mRNA precursors, and III is used to transcribe 5S and tRNA genes. Each class of RNA polymerase is assembled from nine to fourteen different polypeptides. Members of the family include the largest subunit from eukaryotes; the gamma subunit from Cyanobacteria; the beta' subunit from bacteria; the A' subunit from archaea; and the B'' subunit from chloroplast RNA polymerases.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated

Molecular Function

GO:0003677 DNA binding
GO:0003899 DNA-directed 5'-3' RNA polymerase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.