Proenkephalin A (IPR000703)

Short name: Proenkphlin_A

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Family relationships


Vertebrate endogenous opioid neuropeptides are released by post-translational proteolytic cleavage of precursor proteins. The precursors consist of the following components: a signal sequence that precedes a conserved region of about 50 residues; a variable-length region; and the sequence of the neuropeptide itself. Three types of precursor are known: preproenkephalin A (gene PENK), which is processed to produce 6 copies of Met-enkephalin, plus Leu-enkephalin; preproenkephalin B (gene PDYN), which is processed to produce neoendorphin, dynorphin, leumorphin, rimorphin and Leu-enkephalin; and prepronocipeptin (gene PNOC), whose processing produces nociceptin (orphanin FQ) and two other potential neuropeptides.

Sequence analysis reveals that the conserved N-terminal region of the precursors contains 6 cysteines, which are probably involved in disulphide bond formation. It is speculated that this region might be important for neuropeptide processing [PMID: 8710928].

The primary structure of rat preproenkephalin is highly similar to those of bovine and human preproenkephalins, and contains four copies of Met-enkephalin, one of Leu-enkephalin, one of Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8, and one of Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 [PMID: 6548748, PMID: 6594709].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0007218 neuropeptide signaling pathway

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.