Shikimate kinase/Threonine synthase-like 1 (IPR000623)

Short name: Shikimate_kinase/TSH1

Family relationships


Shikimate kinase (EC: catalyses the fifth step in the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids from chorismate (the so-called shikimate pathway) [PMID: 7612934]. The enzyme catalyses the following reaction:

ATP + shikimate = ADP + shikimate-3-phosphate

The protein is found in bacteria (gene aroK or aroL), plants and fungi (where it is part of a multifunctional enzyme that catalyses five consecutive steps in this pathway). In 1994, the 3D structure of shikimate kinase was predicted to be very close to that of adenylate kinase, suggesting a functional similarity as well as an evolutionary relationship [PMID: 7703851]. This prediction has since been confirmed experimentally. The protein is reported to possess an alpha/beta fold, consisting of a central sheet of five parallel beta-strands flanked by alpha-helices. Such a topology is very similar to that of adenylate kinase [PMID: 9600856].

The N terminus of threonine synthase-like 1 from metazoan shares protein sequence similarity with shikimate kinase and is included in this entry. However, their functions may be different.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.