Family

Chorismate synthase (IPR000453)

Short name: Chorismate_synth

Family relationships

None.

Description

Chorismate synthase (CS; 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate phospholyase; 1-carboxyvinyl-3-phosphoshikimate phosphate-lyase; E.C. 4.2.3.5) catalyzes the seventh and final step in the shikimate pathway which is used in prokaryotes, fungi and plants for the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids. It catalyzes the 1,4-trans elimination of the phosphate group from 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) to form chorismate which can then be used in phenylalanine, tyrosine or tryptophan biosynthesis. Chorismate synthase requires the presence of a reduced flavin mononucleotide (FMNH2 or FADH2) for its activity. Chorismate synthase from various sources shows a high degree of sequence conservation [PMID: 1718979, PMID: 1837329]. It is a protein of about 360 to 400 amino-acid residues.

Depending on the capacity of these enzymes to regenerate the reduced form of FMN, chorismate synthases are divided into two groups: enzymes, mostly from plants and eubacteria, that sequester CS from the cellular environment, are monofunctional, while those that can generate reduced FMN at the expense of NADPH, such as found in fungi and the ciliated protozoan Euglena gracilis, are bifunctional, having an additional NADPH:FMN oxidoreductase activity. Recently, bifunctionality of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis enzyme (MtCS) was determined by measurements of both chorismate synthase and NADH:FMN oxidoreductase activities. Since shikimate pathway enzymes are present in bacteria, fungi and apicomplexan parasites (such as Toxoplasma gondii, Plasmodium falciparum, and Cryptosporidium parvum) but absent in mammals, they are potentially attractive targets for the development of new therapy against infectious diseases such as tuberculosis (TB) [PMID: 17348836, PMID: 17662045, PMID: 8674765, PMID: 18279385, PMID: 14573601, PMID: 16459102, PMID: 14705034, PMID: 15095868, PMID: 14656434, PMID: 17326665].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0009073 aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process

Molecular Function

GO:0004107 chorismate synthase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD
HAMAP
PIRSF
Pfam
TIGRFAMs
PANTHER