Repeat

Involucrin repeat (IPR000354)

Short name: Involucrin_rpt

Description

Involucrin [PMID: 1359382, PMID: 8277848] is a protein present in keratinocytes of epidermis and other stratified squamous epithelia. Involucrin first appears in the cell cytosol, but ultimately becomes cross-linked to membrane proteins by transglutaminase thus helping in the formation of an insoluble envelope beneath the plasma membrane.

Structurally involucrin consists of a conserved region of about 75 amino acid residues followed by two extremely variable length segments that contain glutamine-rich tandem repeats. The glutamine residues in the tandem repeats are the substrate for the tranglutaminase in the cross-linking reaction. The total size of the protein varies from 285 residues (in dog) to 835 residues (in orangutan).

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0031424 keratinization

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0005737 cytoplasm

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam