Domain

Pestivirus NS3, peptidase S31 (IPR000280)

Short name: Pestivirus_NS3_S31

Domain relationships

None.

Description

The genome of pestiviruses is a single plus-strand RNA and contains a single large open reading frame (ORF), a 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) and a 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). The ORF encodes a polyprotein, which is processed by viral and cellular proteases into mature proteins (the structural proteins in the N-terminal portion of the polyprotein whilst the replicative (non-structural or NS) proteins constitute the remainder).

The pestivirus NS3 protein is a multifunctional protein possessing serine protease, RNA helicase, and a nucleoside triphosphatase (NTPase) activities located in two functionally distinct domains. The N-terminal one-third of pestiviral NS3 primarily serves as a protease to process the viral polyprotein. The helicase and NTPase activities are localized to the C- terminal of NS3 protein [PMID: 2543956, PMID: 9603310, PMID: 19951725]. The NS3 protease domain has approximately 180 aa with a catalytic triad of His-Asp-Ser. Positive regulation (activation) is observed by its interaction with NS4A. The pestivirus NS3 proteolytic domain constitutes MEROPS peptidase family S31 of clan PA.

This entry represents the pestivirus NS3 protease domain.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006508 proteolysis

Molecular Function

GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles
Pfam
PRINTS