Domain

Chloroperoxidase (IPR000028)

Short name: Chloroperoxidase

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Chloroperoxidase (CPO), also known as Heme haloperoxidase, is a ~250 residue heme-containing glycoprotein that is secreted by various fungi. Chloroperoxidase was first identified in Caldariomyces fumago where it catalyzes the hydrogen peroxide-dependent chlorination of cyclopentanedione during the biosynthesis of the antibiotic caldarioymcin. Additionally, heme haloperoxidase catalyzes the iodination and bromination of a wide range of substrates. Besides performing H2O2-dependent halogenation reactions, the enzyme catalyzes dehydrogenation reactions. Chloroperoxidase also functions as a catalase, facilitating the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to oxygen and water. Furthermore, chloroperoxidase catalyzes P450-like oxygen insertion reactions. The capability of chloroperoxidase to perform these diverse reactions makes it one of the most versatile of all known heme proteins [PMID: 16628447, PMID: 18220360].

Despite functional similarities with other heme enzymes, chloroperoxidase folds into a novel tertiary structure dominated by eight helical segments [PMID: 8747463]. Structurally, chloroperoxidase is unique, but it shares features with both peroxidases and P450 enzymes. As in cytochrome P450 enzymes, the proximal heme ligand is a cysteine, but similar to peroxidases, the distal side of the heme is polar. However, unlike other peroxidases, the normally conserved distal arginine is lacking and the catalytic acid base is a glutamic acid and not a histidine [PMID: 16790441].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0004601 peroxidase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SUPERFAMILY
PROSITE profiles
GENE3D
Pfam