EC 5.4.99.4 - 2-methyleneglutarate mutase

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IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature
EC 5.4.99.4

Names

Accepted name:
2-methyleneglutarate mutase
Other name:
α-methyleneglutarate mutase
Systematic name:
2-methyleneglutarate carboxy-methylenemethylmutase

Reaction

Cofactor

Comments:

Requires a cobamide coenzyme. Forms part of the nicotinate-fermentation catabolism pathway in Eubacterium barkeri. Other enzymes involved in this pathway are EC 1.17.1.5 (nicotinate dehydrogenase), EC 1.3.7.1 (6-hydroxynicotinate reductase), EC 3.5.2.18 (enamidase), EC 1.1.1.291 (2-hydroxymethylglutarate dehydrogenase), EC 5.3.3.6 (methylitaconate Δ-isomerase), EC 4.2.1.85 (dimethylmaleate hydratase) and EC 4.1.3.32 (2,3-dimethylmalate lyase).

Links to other databases

Enzymes and pathways: NC-IUBMB , BRENDA , DIAGRAM , ExplorEnz , ENZYME@ExPASy , KEGG , MetaCyc , NIST 74 , UniPathway
Structural data: CSA , EC2PDB
Gene Ontology: GO:0047548
CAS Registry Number: 9059-10-3
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

References

  1. Kung, H.-F., Cederbaum, S., Tsai, L. and Stadtman, T.C.
    Nicotinic acid metabolism. V. A cobamide coenzyme-dependent conversion of α-methyleneglutaric acid to dimethylmaleic acid.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 65: 978-984 (1970). [PMID: 5266166]
  2. Kung, H.-F. and Stadtman, T.C.
    Nicotinic acid metabolism. VI. Purification and properties of α-methyleneglutarate mutase (B12-dependent) and methylitaconate isomerase.
    J. Biol. Chem. 246: 3378-3388 (1971). [PMID: 5574401]

[EC 5.4.99.4 created 1972]