EC 22.214.171.124 - Uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferase
IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature
adenosylmethionine-uroporphyrinogen III methyltransferase
uroporphyrinogen III methylase
urogen III methylase
uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase [incorrect]
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase [incorrect]
- (1) 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uroporphyrinogen III = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-2
- (1a) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uroporphyrinogen III = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-1
- (1b) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-1 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-2
This enzyme catalyses two sequential methylation reactions, the first forming precorrin-1 and the second leading to the formation of precorrin-2. It is the first of three steps leading to the formation of siroheme from uroporphyrinogen III. The second step involves an NAD+-dependent dehydrogenation to form sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2 (EC 126.96.36.199, precorrin-2 dehydrogenase) and the third step involves the chelation of Fe2+ to sirohydrochlorin to form siroheme (EC 188.8.131.52, sirohydrochlorin ferrochelatase). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the last two steps are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme, Met8p. In some bacteria, steps 1-3 are catalysed by a single multifunctional protein called CysG, whereas in Bacillus megaterium, three separate enzymes carry out each of the steps, with SirA being responsible for the above reaction. Also involved in the biosynthesis of cobalamin.
Links to other databases
Uroporphyrinogen-III methylase catalyzes the enzymatic-synthesis of sirohydrochlorin-II and sirohydrochlorin-IV by a clockwise mechanism.J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112: 5343-5345 (1990).
The Escherichia coli cysG gene encodes S-adenosylmethionine-dependent uroporphyrinogen III methylase.Biochem. J. 265: 725-729 (1990). [PMID: 2407234]
The structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Met8p, a bifunctional dehydrogenase and ferrochelatase.EMBO J. 21: 2068-2075 (2002). [PMID: 11980703]
[EC 184.108.40.206 created 1992, modified 2004]