EC 2.1.1.107 - Uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferase

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IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature
EC 2.1.1.107

Names

Accepted name:
uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferase
Other names:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent uroporphyrinogen III methylase
CobA [ambiguous]
CysG
SUMT
SirA
adenosylmethionine-uroporphyrinogen III methyltransferase
uroporphyrinogen methyltransferase
uroporphyrinogen-III methylase
uroporphyrinogen III methylase
urogen III methylase
uroporphyrinogen-III methyltransferase
uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase [incorrect]
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase [incorrect]
Systematic name:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferase

Reactions

Comments:

This enzyme catalyses two sequential methylation reactions, the first forming precorrin-1 and the second leading to the formation of precorrin-2. It is the first of three steps leading to the formation of siroheme from uroporphyrinogen III. The second step involves an NAD+-dependent dehydrogenation to form sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2 (EC 1.3.1.76, precorrin-2 dehydrogenase) and the third step involves the chelation of Fe2+ to sirohydrochlorin to form siroheme (EC 4.99.1.4, sirohydrochlorin ferrochelatase). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the last two steps are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme, Met8p. In some bacteria, steps 1-3 are catalysed by a single multifunctional protein called CysG, whereas in Bacillus megaterium, three separate enzymes carry out each of the steps, with SirA being responsible for the above reaction. Also involved in the biosynthesis of cobalamin.

Links to other databases

Enzymes and pathways: NC-IUBMB , BRENDA , DIAGRAM , ExplorEnz , ENZYME@ExPASy , KEGG , MetaCyc , UniPathway
Protein domains and families: PROSITE:PDOC00656
Structural data: CSA , EC2PDB
Gene Ontology: GO:0004851
CAS Registry Number: 73665-99-3
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: (159) [show] [UniProt]

References

  1. Warren, M.J., Gonzalez, M.D., Williams, H.J., Stolowich, N.J. and Scott, A.I.
    Uroporphyrinogen-III methylase catalyzes the enzymatic-synthesis of sirohydrochlorin-II and sirohydrochlorin-IV by a clockwise mechanism.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112: 5343-5345 (1990).
  2. Warren, M.J., Roessner, C.A., Santander, P.J. and Scott, A.I.
    The Escherichia coli cysG gene encodes S-adenosylmethionine-dependent uroporphyrinogen III methylase.
    Biochem. J. 265: 725-729 (1990). [PMID: 2407234]
  3. Schubert, H.L., Raux, E., Brindley, A.A., Leech, H.K., Wilson, K.S., Hill, C.P. and Warren, M.J.
    The structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Met8p, a bifunctional dehydrogenase and ferrochelatase.
    EMBO J. 21: 2068-2075 (2002). [PMID: 11980703]

[EC 2.1.1.107 created 1992, modified 2004]