EC 1.7.1.4 - Nitrite reductase [NAD(P)H]

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IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature
EC 1.7.1.4

Names

Accepted name:
nitrite reductase [NAD(P)H]
Other names:
NAD(P)H2:nitrite oxidoreductase
NADH-nitrite oxidoreductase
NADPH-nitrite reductase
assimilatory nitrite reductase
nitrite reductase (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate))
nitrite reductase [NAD(P)H2]
NAD(P)H:nitrite oxidoreductase
nit-6 (gene name)
Systematic name:
ammonia:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase

Reactions

Cofactors

Comments:

An iron-sulfur flavoprotein (FAD) containing siroheme. The enzymes from the fungi Neurospora crassa [1], Emericella nidulans [2] and Candida nitratophila [4] and the bacterium Aliivibrio fischeri [3] can use either NADPH or NADH as electron donor. cf. EC 1.7.1.15, nitrite reductase (NADH).

Links to other databases

Enzymes and pathways: NC-IUBMB , BRENDA , ExplorEnz , ENZYME@ExPASy , KEGG , MetaCyc , UniPathway
Structural data: CSA , EC2PDB
Gene Ontology: GO:0008942
CAS Registry Number: 9029-29-2
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

References

  1. Nicholas, D.J.D., Medina, A. and Jones, O.T.G.
    A nitrite reductase from Neurospora crassa.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 37: 468-476 (1960).
  2. Pateman, J. A., Rever, B. M., Cove, D. J.
    Genetic and biochemical studies of nitrate reduction in Aspergillus nidulans.
    Biochem. J. 104: 103-111 (1967). [PMID: 4382427]
  3. Prakash, O. M., Sadana, J. C.
    Purification, characterization and properties of nitrite reductase of Achromobacter fischeri.
    Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 148: 614-632 (1972). [PMID: 4401695]
  4. Rivas, J., Guerrero, M. G., Paneque, A. and Losada, M.
    Characterization of the nitrate-reducing system of the yeast Torulopsis nitratophila.
    Plant Sci. Lett. 1: 105-113 (1973).
  5. Lafferty, M. A., Garrett, R. H.
    Purification and properties of the Neurospora crassa assimilatory nitrite reductase.
    J. Biol. Chem. 249: 7555-7567 (1974). [PMID: 4154942]
  6. Vega, J. M., Garrett, R. H.
    Siroheme: a prosthetic group of the Neurospora crassa assimilatory nitrite reductase.
    J. Biol. Chem. 250: 7980-7989 (1975). [PMID: 126995]
  7. Greenbaum, P., Prodouz, K. N., Garrett, R. H.
    Preparation and some properties of homogeneous Neurospora crassa assimilatory NADPH-nitrite reductase.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 526: 52-64 (1978). [PMID: 150863]
  8. Prodouz, K. N., Garrett, R. H.
    Neurospora crassa NAD(P)H-nitrite reductase. Studies on its composition and structure.
    J. Biol. Chem. 256: 9711-9717 (1981). [PMID: 6457037]
  9. Exley, G. E., Colandene, J. D., Garrett, R. H.
    Molecular cloning, characterization, and nucleotide sequence of nit-6, the structural gene for nitrite reductase in Neurospora crassa.
    J. Bacteriol. 175: 2379-2392 (1993). [PMID: 8096840]
  10. Colandene, J. D., Garrett, R. H.
    Functional dissection and site-directed mutagenesis of the structural gene for NAD(P)H-nitrite reductase in Neurospora crassa.
    J. Biol. Chem. 271: 24096-24104 (1996). [PMID: 8798648]

[EC 1.7.1.4 created 1961 as EC 1.6.6.4, transferred 2002 to EC 1.7.1.4, modified 2013]