CHEBI:64073 - exendin-4

Main ChEBI Ontology Automatic Xrefs Reactions Pathways Models
ChEBI Name exendin-4
ChEBI ID CHEBI:64073
Definition A bioactive polypeptide of 39 amino acid residues isolated from the saliva of the Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum). High-affinity glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (Kd = 136 pM); potently induces cAMP formation without stimulating amylase release in pancreatic acini; potentiates glucose-induced insulin secretion in isolated rat islets; protects against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity. A synthetic version is called exenatide.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Supplier Information
Download Molfile XML SDF
Wikipedia License
Waiting for wikipedia content
Read full article at Wikipedia
Formula C184H282N50O60S
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 4186.57200
Monoisotopic Mass 4184.027
InChI InChI=1S/C184H282N50O60S/c1-16-94(10)147(178(289)213-114(52-58-144(257)258)163(274)218-121(73-101-77-195-105-39-24-23-38-103(101)105)168(279)215-116(68-90(2)3)165(276)205-107(41-26-28-61-186)158(269)219-122(75-134(189)243)154(265)198-79-135(244)196-83-139(248)231-63-30-43-129(231)175(286)225-127(87-238)174(285)223-125(85-236)155(266)200-80-136(245)202-96(12)181(292)233-65-32-45-131(233)183(294)234-66-33-46-132(234)182(293)232-64-31-44-130(232)176(287)222-124(84-235)150(190)261)229-170(281)119(71-99-34-19-17-20-35-99)217-166(277)117(69-91(4)5)214-159(270)108(42-29-62-194-184(191)192)212-177(288)146(93(8)9)228-151(262)95(11)203-156(267)111(49-55-141(251)252)208-161(272)112(50-56-142(253)254)209-162(273)113(51-57-143(255)256)210-164(275)115(59-67-295-15)211-160(271)110(47-53-133(188)242)207-157(268)106(40-25-27-60-185)206-172(283)126(86-237)224-167(278)118(70-92(6)7)216-169(280)123(76-145(259)260)220-173(284)128(88-239)226-180(291)149(98(14)241)230-171(282)120(72-100-36-21-18-22-37-100)221-179(290)148(97(13)240)227-138(247)82-199-153(264)109(48-54-140(249)250)204-137(246)81-197-152(263)104(187)74-102-78-193-89-201-102/h17-24,34-39,77-78,89-98,104,106-132,146-149,195,235-241H,16,25-33,40-76,79-88,185-187H2,1-15H3,(H2,188,242)(H2,189,243)(H2,190,261)(H,193,201)(H,196,244)(H,197,263)(H,198,265)(H,199,264)(H,200,266)(H,202,245)(H,203,267)(H,204,246)(H,205,276)(H,206,283)(H,207,268)(H,208,272)(H,209,273)(H,210,275)(H,211,271)(H,212,288)(H,213,289)(H,214,270)(H,215,279)(H,216,280)(H,217,277)(H,218,274)(H,219,269)(H,220,284)(H,221,290)(H,222,287)(H,223,285)(H,224,278)(H,225,286)(H,226,291)(H,227,247)(H,228,262)(H,229,281)(H,230,282)(H,249,250)(H,251,252)(H,253,254)(H,255,256)(H,257,258)(H,259,260)(H4,191,192,194)/t94?,95-,96-,97?,98?,104-,106-,107-,108-,109-,110-,111-,112-,113-,114-,115-,116-,117-,118-,119-,120-,121-,122-,123-,124-,125-,126-,127-,128-,129-,130-,131-,132-,146-,147-,148-,149-/m0/s1
InChIKey HTQBXNHDCUEHJF-URRANESESA-N
SMILES CCC(C)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](Cc1ccccc1)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CCCNC(N)=N)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](C)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCSC)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(N)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCCCN)NC(=O)[C@H](CO)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CO)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](Cc1ccccc1)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H](N)Cc1c[nH]cn1)C(C)O)C(C)O)C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc1c[nH]c2ccccc12)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)NCC(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(N)=O
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist
An agonist that binds to and activates glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptors.
incretin mimetic
Any compound that mimics the action of incretins, gastrointestinal hormones that cause an increase in the amount of insulin released from the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans after eating, even before blood glucose levels become elevated.
Application(s): hypoglycemic agent
A drug which lowers the blood glucose level.
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing exendin-4 (CHEBI:64073) has role glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (CHEBI:71196)
exendin-4 (CHEBI:64073) has role hypoglycemic agent (CHEBI:35526)
exendin-4 (CHEBI:64073) has role incretin mimetic (CHEBI:64088)
exendin-4 (CHEBI:64073) is a polypeptide (CHEBI:15841)
IUPAC Name
L-histidylglycyl-L-α-glutamylglycyl-L-threonyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-threonyl-L-seryl-L-α-aspartyl-L-leucyl-L-seryl-L-lysyl-L-glutaminyl-L-methionyl-L-α-glutamyl-L-α-glutamyl-L-α-glutamyl-L-alanyl-L-valyl-L-arginyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-isoleucyl-L-α-glutamyl-L-tryptophyl-L-leucyl-L-lysyl-L-asparaginylglycylglycyl-L-prolyl-L-seryl-L-serylglycyl-L-alanyl-L-prolyl-L-prolyl-L-prolyl-L-serinamide
INNs Sources
exenatida WHO MedNet
exenatide ChemIDplus
exénatide WHO MedNet
exenatidum WHO MedNet
Synonyms Sources
Ex4 ChEBI
Exendin 4 ChemIDplus
exendin-4 ChEBI
Heloderma suspectum gila monster exendin-4 ChEBI
His-Gly-Glu-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Leu-Ser-Lys-Gln-Met-Glu-Glu-Glu-Ala-Val-Arg-Leu-Phe-Ile-Glu-Trp-Leu-Lys-Asn-Gly-Gly-Pro-Ser-Ser-Gly-Ala-Pro-Pro-Pro-Ser-NH2 ChEBI
Database Links Databases
C15894 KEGG COMPOUND
D04121 KEGG DRUG
EP1908778 Patent
Exenatide Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
141758-74-9 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
9040649 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
12364473 PubMed citation Europe PMC
1313797 PubMed citation Europe PMC
14565957 PubMed citation Europe PMC
16353670 PubMed citation Europe PMC
17053883 PubMed citation Europe PMC
20149450 PubMed citation Europe PMC
20404826 PubMed citation Europe PMC
22310470 PubMed citation Europe PMC
22334721 PubMed citation Europe PMC
22338110 PubMed citation Europe PMC
22356440 PubMed citation Europe PMC
22363635 PubMed citation Europe PMC
22384126 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
22 February 2017