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acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)

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ChEBI Name acetic acid
ChEBI ID CHEBI:15366
Definition A simple monocarboxylic acid containing two carbons.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:22169, CHEBI:2387, CHEBI:40486
Supplier Information
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Formula Source
C2H4O2 KEGG COMPOUND
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 60.05200
InChI
InChI=1S/C2H4O2/c1-2(3)4/h1H3,(H,3,4)
InChIKey
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES
CC(O)=O
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): protic solvent
A polar solvent that is capable of acting as a hydron (proton) donor.
Bronsted acid
A molecular entity capable of donating a hydron to an acceptor (Bronsted base).
(via oxoacid )
Biological Role(s): metabolite
Any intermediate or product resulting from metabolism. The term 'metabolite' subsumes the classes commonly known as primary and secondary metabolites.
food acidity regulator
A food additive that is used to change or otherwise control the acidity or alkalinity of foods. They may be acids, bases, neutralising agents or buffering agents.
antimicrobial food preservative
A food preservative which prevents decomposition of food by preventing the growth of fungi or bacteria. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted food preservatives are from E200 to E299, divided into sorbates (E200-209), benzoates (E210-219), sulfites (E220-229), phenols and formates (E230-239), nitrates (E240-259), acetates (E260-269), lactates (E270-279), propionates (E280-289) and others (E290-299).
Application(s): food acidity regulator
A food additive that is used to change or otherwise control the acidity or alkalinity of foods. They may be acids, bases, neutralising agents or buffering agents.
protic solvent
A polar solvent that is capable of acting as a hydron (proton) donor.
antimicrobial food preservative
A food preservative which prevents decomposition of food by preventing the growth of fungi or bacteria. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted food preservatives are from E200 to E299, divided into sorbates (E200-209), benzoates (E210-219), sulfites (E220-229), phenols and formates (E230-239), nitrates (E240-259), acetates (E260-269), lactates (E270-279), propionates (E280-289) and others (E290-299).
View more on the ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing acetic acid (CHEBI:15366) has role antimicrobial food preservative (CHEBI:65256)
acetic acid (CHEBI:15366) has role food acidity regulator (CHEBI:64049)
acetic acid (CHEBI:15366) has role metabolite (CHEBI:25212)
acetic acid (CHEBI:15366) has role protic solvent (CHEBI:48356)
acetic acid (CHEBI:15366) is a monocarboxylic acid (CHEBI:25384)
acetic acid (CHEBI:15366) is conjugate acid of acetate (CHEBI:30089)
Incoming (1-hydroxycyclohexyl)acetic acid (CHEBI:37276) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)acetic acid (CHEBI:60702) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(2,2,3-trimethyl-5-oxocyclopent-3-en-1-yl)acetic acid (CHEBI:28045) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(2,6-dihydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (CHEBI:952) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (CHEBI:28478) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(2S)-({(5Z)-5-[(5-ethylfuran-2-yl)methylidene]-4-oxo-4,5-dihydro-1,3-thiazol-2-yl}amino)(4-fluorophenyl)acetic acid (CHEBI:46520) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(2S)-[(2S,3S,4S,5S)-1,3,4,5-tetrahydroxy-4-(hydroxymethyl)piperidin-2-yl](L-tyrosylamino)acetic acid (CHEBI:40208) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(3-amino-2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl)acetic acid (CHEBI:45890) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (CHEBI:47106) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(3-{(1R)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[({(2S)-1-[(2S)-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)butanoyl]piperidin-2-yl}carbonyl)oxy]propyl}phenoxy)acetic acid (CHEBI:40833) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(3Z)-hex-3-en-1-yl acetate (CHEBI:61316) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(4-oxo-3-{[5-(trifluoromethyl)-1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl]methyl}-3,4-dihydrophthalazin-1-yl)acetic acid (CHEBI:46609) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
(5-fluoro-2-{[(4,5,7-trifluoro-1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)methyl]carbamoyl}phenoxy)acetic acid (CHEBI:43373) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-O-octadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (CHEBI:75217) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-O-palmityl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (CHEBI:75936) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerol (CHEBI:75882) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-hexadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (CHEBI:79280) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-methyl-4-imidazoleacetic acid (CHEBI:1606) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-palmitoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (CHEBI:75219) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-palmityl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (CHEBI:79277) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
1-stearoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (CHEBI:75220) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (CHEBI:78045) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
2-thienylacetic acid (CHEBI:45807) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
2H-imidazol-4-ylacetic acid (CHEBI:43615) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (CHEBI:17445) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
4-chlorophenylacetic acid (CHEBI:30749) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (CHEBI:18101) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
6-{[1-(benzylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl]amino}-3-(carboxymethoxy)thieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene-2-carboxylic acid (CHEBI:40145) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
N-phenylacetamide (CHEBI:28884) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
[(1S)-4-hydroxy-2,2,3-trimethylcyclopent-3-enyl]acetic acid (CHEBI:64899) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
[(2S,4S)-2-[(1R)-1-amino-2-hydroxyethyl]-4-(1H-imidazol-4-ylmethyl)-5-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl]acetic acid (CHEBI:41707) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
[(2S,4S)-2-[(1R)-1-amino-2-hydroxyethyl]-4-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-5-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl]acetic acid (CHEBI:41749) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
[(2S,4S)-2-[(1R)-1-amino-2-sulfanylethyl]-4-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-5-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl]acetic acid (CHEBI:41383) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
[5-fluoro-1-(4-isopropylbenzylidene)-2-methylinden-3-yl]acetic acid (CHEBI:59660) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetamidine (CHEBI:38478) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetate ester (CHEBI:47622) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetimidic acid (CHEBI:49028) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetyl chloride (CHEBI:37580) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetyl-CoA (CHEBI:15351) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
arsenoacetic acid (CHEBI:22634) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
bis(4-chlorophenyl)acetic acid (CHEBI:28139) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
chloroacetic acid (CHEBI:27869) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
cyanoacetic acid (CHEBI:51889) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
cyclohexylacetic acid (CHEBI:37277) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
dichloroacetic acid (CHEBI:36386) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
diflorasone diacetate (CHEBI:31483) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
difluoroacetic acid (CHEBI:23716) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
diphenylacetic acid (CHEBI:41967) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
etacrynic acid (CHEBI:4876) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
ethyl acetate (CHEBI:27750) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
fluoroacetic acid (CHEBI:30775) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
glycolic acid (CHEBI:17497) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
hydroxy(phenyl)2-thienylacetic acid (CHEBI:64444) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
ibufenac (CHEBI:76158) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
imidazol-1-ylacetic acid (CHEBI:70801) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
imidazol-2-ylacetic acid (CHEBI:70806) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
imidazol-4-ylacetic acid (CHEBI:16974) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
imidazol-5-ylacetic acid (CHEBI:70804) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
indole-1-acetic acid (CHEBI:72814) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
indole-3-acetic acids (CHEBI:24803) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
iodoacetic acid (CHEBI:74571) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
lonazolac (CHEBI:76164) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
magnesium acetate (CHEBI:62964) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
mandelic acid (CHEBI:35825) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
naphthylacetic acid (CHEBI:35629) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
phenylacetic acid (CHEBI:30745) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
phosphonoacetic acid (CHEBI:15732) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
phosphonoacetohydroxamic acid (CHEBI:44692) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
pirinixic acid (CHEBI:32509) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
sulfoacetic acid (CHEBI:50519) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
sulindac (CHEBI:9352) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
triacetin (CHEBI:9661) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
trichloroacetic acid (CHEBI:30956) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
trifluoroacetic acid (CHEBI:45892) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
uracil-6-ylacetic acid (CHEBI:46371) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
zomepirac (CHEBI:35859) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
{(2R)-2-[(1S)-1-aminoethyl]-2-hydroxy-4-methylidene-5-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl}acetic acid (CHEBI:41608) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
{(2R)-2-[(1S,2R)-1-amino-2-hydroxypropyl]-2-hydroxy-4,5-dioxoimidazolidin-1-yl}acetic acid (CHEBI:41360) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
{4-[(carboxymethoxy)carbonyl]-3,3-dioxido-1-oxonaphtho[1,2-d]-1,2-thiazol-2(1H)-yl}acetic acid (CHEBI:43485) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
{[5-(3-{[1-(benzylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl]amino}phenyl)-4-bromo-2-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)thiophen-3-yl]oxy}acetic acid (CHEBI:47182) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
{[5-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl]thio}acetic acid (CHEBI:43741) has functional parent acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetate (CHEBI:30089) is conjugate base of acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetyl group (CHEBI:40574) is substituent group from acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
acetyloxy group (CHEBI:48076) is substituent group from acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
carboxymethyl group (CHEBI:41402) is substituent group from acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
methylenecarbonyl group (CHEBI:43923) is substituent group from acetic acid (CHEBI:15366)
IUPAC Name
acetic acid
Synonyms Sources
ACETIC ACID PDBeChem
Acetic acid KEGG COMPOUND
acide acétique ChemIDplus
AcOH ChEBI
CH3‒COOH IUPAC
CH3CO2H ChEBI
E 260 ChEBI
E-260 ChEBI
E260 ChEBI
Essigsäure ChEBI
Ethanoic acid KEGG COMPOUND
ethoic acid ChEBI
Ethylic acid ChemIDplus
HOAc ChEBI
INS No. 260 ChEBI
MeCO2H ChEBI
MeCOOH ChEBI
Methanecarboxylic acid ChemIDplus
Database Links Databases
ACET MetaCyc
Acetic_acid Wikipedia
ACT PDBeChem
ACY PDBeChem
C00001176 KNApSAcK
C00033 KEGG COMPOUND
D00010 KEGG DRUG
HMDB00042 HMDB
LMFA01010002 LIPID MAPS
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
1380 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
506007 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
506007 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
64-19-7 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
64-19-7 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
64-19-7 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
12005138 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15107950 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16630552 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16774200 PubMed citation CiteXplore
17190852 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19416101 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19469536 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22153255 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22173419 PubMed citation CiteXplore
General Comment
2011-03-25 The active ingredient in vinegar and building block of natural fatty acids which, unlike them, does not occur in natural triglycerides. Reported to suppress accumulation of body fat and liver lipids in mice.
 
Last Modified
28 July 2014

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