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dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045)

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ChEBI Name dinitrogen oxide
ChEBI ID CHEBI:17045
Definition A nitrogen oxide consisting of linear unsymmetrical molecules with formula N2O. While it is the most used gaseous anaesthetic in the world, its major commercial use, due to its solubility under pressure in vegetable fats combined with its non-toxicity in low concentrations, is as an aerosol spray propellant and aerating agent for canisters of 'whipped' cream.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:44250, CHEBI:7598, CHEBI:14661, CHEBI:25568
Supplier Information
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Formula Source
N2O ChEBI
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 44.01280
InChI
InChI=1S/N2O/c1-2-3
InChIKey
GQPLMRYTRLFLPF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES
[O-][N+]#N
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): greenhouse gas
A gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range, so contributing to the 'greenhouse effect'.
Biological Role(s): NMDA receptor antagonist
Any substance that inhibits the action of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. They tend to induce a state known as dissociative anesthesia, marked by catalepsy, amnesia, and analgesia, while side effects can include hallucinations, nightmares, and confusion. Due to their psychotomimetic effects, many NMDA receptor antagonists are used as recreational drugs.
food packaging gas
A food additive that is a (generally inert) gas which is used to envelop foodstuffs during packing and so protect them from unwanted chemical reactions such as food spoilage or oxidation during subsequent transport and storage. The term includes propellant gases, used to expel foods from a container.
bacterial metabolite
Any prokaryotic metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in bacteria.
analgesic
An agent capable of relieving pain without the loss of consciousness or without producing anaesthesia. In addition, analgesic is a role played by a compound which is exhibited by a capability to cause a reduction of pain symptoms.
raising agent
A food additive which liberates gas so as to increase the volume of a dough or batter, resulting in a lighter and softer finished product.
food propellant
A propellant that is used to expel foods from an aerosol container.
Application(s): inhalation anaesthetic

refrigerant
A substance used in a thermodynamic heat pump cycle or refrigeration cycle that undergoes a phase change from a gas to a liquid and back. Refrigerants are used in air-conditioning systems and freezers or refrigerators and are assigned a "R" number (by ASHRAE - formerly the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), which is determined systematically according to their molecular structure.
food packaging gas
A food additive that is a (generally inert) gas which is used to envelop foodstuffs during packing and so protect them from unwanted chemical reactions such as food spoilage or oxidation during subsequent transport and storage. The term includes propellant gases, used to expel foods from a container.
general anaesthetic
Substance that produces loss of consciousness.
vasodilator agent
A drug used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
analgesic
An agent capable of relieving pain without the loss of consciousness or without producing anaesthesia. In addition, analgesic is a role played by a compound which is exhibited by a capability to cause a reduction of pain symptoms.
raising agent
A food additive which liberates gas so as to increase the volume of a dough or batter, resulting in a lighter and softer finished product.
food propellant
A propellant that is used to expel foods from an aerosol container.
View more on the ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role analgesic (CHEBI:35480)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role bacterial metabolite (CHEBI:76969)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role food packaging gas (CHEBI:77974)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role food propellant (CHEBI:78017)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role general anaesthetic (CHEBI:38869)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role greenhouse gas (CHEBI:76413)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role inhalation anaesthetic (CHEBI:38870)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role NMDA receptor antagonist (CHEBI:60643)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role raising agent (CHEBI:77971)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role refrigerant (CHEBI:78433)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) has role vasodilator agent (CHEBI:35620)
dinitrogen oxide (CHEBI:17045) is a nitrogen oxide (CHEBI:35196)
IUPAC Names
dinitrogen oxide
oxidodinitrogen(NN)
Synonyms Sources
diazyne 1-oxide NIST Chemistry WebBook
Dinitrogen monoxide KEGG COMPOUND
Dinitrogen oxide KEGG COMPOUND
Distickstoffmonoxid ChEBI
E942 ChEBI
factitious air ChemIDplus
gaz hilarant ChEBI
Lachgas ChEBI
laughing gas ChemIDplus
N2O IUPAC
nitrogen protoxide ChemIDplus
nitrogenium oxydulatum ChEBI
Nitrous oxide KEGG COMPOUND
nitrous oxide UniProt
NNO IUPAC
oxyde nitreux ChEBI
protoxyde d'azote ChemIDplus
R-744A ChEBI
Stickstoff(I)-oxid ChEBI
Database Links Databases
C00887 KEGG COMPOUND
c0650 UM-BBD
D00102 KEGG DRUG
N2O PDBeChem
Nitrous_oxide Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
10024-97-2 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
10024-97-2 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
10024-97-2 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
2153410 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
8137358 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
8137358 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
11159233 PubMed citation CiteXplore
11811748 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15316643 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15644008 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16179535 PubMed citation CiteXplore
17093360 PubMed citation CiteXplore
18992971 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19910265 PubMed citation CiteXplore
21622873 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23643142 PubMed citation CiteXplore
7880215 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
28 July 2014

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