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CHEBI:16856 - glutathione

Main ChEBI Ontology Automatic Xrefs Reactions Pathways Models
ChEBI Name glutathione
ChEBI ID CHEBI:16856
Definition A tripeptide compound consisting of glutamic acid attached via its side chain to the N-terminus of cysteinylglycine.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:42873, CHEBI:43049, CHEBI:5437, CHEBI:12402, CHEBI:14327, CHEBI:24334
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Formula C10H17N3O6S
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 307.32300
Monoisotopic Mass 307.084
InChI InChI=1S/C10H17N3O6S/c11-5(10(18)19)1-2-7(14)13-6(4-20)9(17)12-3-8(15)16/h5-6,20H,1-4,11H2,(H,12,17)(H,13,14)(H,15,16)(H,18,19)/t5-,6-/m0/s1
InChIKey RWSXRVCMGQZWBV-WDSKDSINSA-N
SMILES N[C@@H](CCC(=O)N[C@@H](CS)C(=O)NCC(O)=O)C(O)=O
Metabolite of Species Details
Mus musculus (NCBI:10090) Source: BioModels - MODEL1507180067 See: PubMed
Escherichia coli (NCBI:562) See: PubMed
Homo sapiens (NCBI:9606) See: PubMed
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): antioxidant
A substance that opposes oxidation or inhibits reactions brought about by dioxygen or peroxides.
Biological Role(s): Escherichia coli metabolite
Any bacterial metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in Escherichia coli.
mouse metabolite
Any mammalian metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in a mouse (Mus musculus).
human metabolite
Any mammalian metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in humans (Homo sapiens).
cofactor
An organic molecule or ion (usually a metal ion) that is required by an enzyme for its activity. It may be attached either loosely (coenzyme) or tightly (prosthetic group).
Application(s): skin lightening agent
Any cosmetic used to lighten the colour of skin by reducing the concentration of melanin.
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing glutathione (CHEBI:16856) has role Escherichia coli metabolite (CHEBI:76971)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) has role antioxidant (CHEBI:22586)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) has role cofactor (CHEBI:23357)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) has role human metabolite (CHEBI:77746)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) has role mouse metabolite (CHEBI:75771)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) has role skin lightening agent (CHEBI:85046)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) is a L-cysteine derivative (CHEBI:83824)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) is a thiol (CHEBI:29256)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) is a tripeptide (CHEBI:47923)
glutathione (CHEBI:16856) is conjugate acid of glutathionate(1−) (CHEBI:57925)
Incoming S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione (CHEBI:8927) has functional parent glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
S-(2-hydroxyethyl)glutathione (CHEBI:35896) has functional parent glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
S-acylglutathione (CHEBI:18126) has functional parent glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
S-sulfanylglutathione (CHEBI:52857) has functional parent glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
eoxin C4 (CHEBI:63984) has functional parent glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
glutathione derivative (CHEBI:24337) has functional parent glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
phytochelatin (CHEBI:60836) has functional parent glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
glutathionate(1−) (CHEBI:57925) is conjugate base of glutathione (CHEBI:16856)
IUPAC Name
L-γ-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine
Synonyms Sources
5-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine KEGG COMPOUND
gamma-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine KEGG COMPOUND
Glutathione KEGG COMPOUND
Glutathione-SH HMDB
GSH KEGG COMPOUND
N-(N-gamma-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl)glycine KEGG COMPOUND
Reduced glutathione KEGG COMPOUND
Database Links Databases
C00001518 KNApSAcK
C00051 KEGG COMPOUND
D00014 KEGG DRUG
DB00143 DrugBank
Glutathione Wikipedia
GLUTATHIONE MetaCyc
GSH PDBeChem
HMDB00125 HMDB
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
1729812 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
70-18-8 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
70-18-8 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
17439666 PubMed citation Europe PMC
4200890 PubMed citation Europe PMC
4745654 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
27 January 2016