CHEBI:16285 - phytanic acid

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ChEBI Name phytanic acid
ChEBI ID CHEBI:16285
Definition A branched-chain saturated fatty acid consisting of hexadecanoic acid carrying methyl substituents at positions 3, 7, 11 and 15.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:26111, CHEBI:8189
Supplier Information
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Formula C20H40O2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 312.53040
Monoisotopic Mass 312.303
InChI InChI=1S/C20H40O2/c1-16(2)9-6-10-17(3)11-7-12-18(4)13-8-14-19(5)15-20(21)22/h16-19H,6-15H2,1-5H3,(H,21,22)
InChIKey RLCKHJSFHOZMDR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES CC(C)CCCC(C)CCCC(C)CCCC(C)CC(O)=O
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): Bronsted acid
A molecular entity capable of donating a hydron to an acceptor (Bronsted base).
(via oxoacid )
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285) has functional parent hexadecanoic acid (CHEBI:15756)
phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285) has parent hydride phytane (CHEBI:48937)
phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285) is a branched-chain saturated fatty acid (CHEBI:39417)
phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285) is a long-chain fatty acid (CHEBI:15904)
phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285) is a methyl-branched fatty acid (CHEBI:62499)
phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285) is conjugate acid of phytanate (CHEBI:37257)
Incoming ω-hydroxyphytanic acid (CHEBI:84925) has functional parent phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285)
2-hydroxyphytanic acid (CHEBI:37258) has functional parent phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285)
2-oxophytanic acid (CHEBI:18168) has functional parent phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285)
phytanoyl-CoA (CHEBI:15538) has functional parent phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285)
phytanate (CHEBI:37257) is conjugate base of phytanic acid (CHEBI:16285)
IUPAC Name
3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecanoic acid
Synonyms Sources
3,7,11,15-tetramethyl hexadecanoic acid ChEBI
3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-hexadecanoic acid LIPID MAPS
3,7,11,15-Tetramethyl-hexadecansäure ChEBI
Phytanic acid KEGG COMPOUND
Database Links Databases
C01607 KEGG COMPOUND
LMFA01020251 LIPID MAPS
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
14721-66-5 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
14721-66-5 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
1789963 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
1789963 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
12187408 PubMed citation Europe PMC
17956237 PubMed citation Europe PMC
9819701 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
23 October 2015
General Comment
2011-01-17 A branched-chain saturated fatty acid derived from the phytol side-chain of chlorophyll, which appears in humans following the ingestion of fat-containing foods.