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clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690)

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ChEBI Name clenbuterol
ChEBI ID CHEBI:174690
Definition Clenbuterol is a primary arylamine that is 2,6-dichloroaniline in which the hydrogen at position 4 is substituted by a 2-(tert-butylamino)-1-hydroxyethyl group.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Supplier Information
See structure as:  Image  Applet
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Formula Source
C12H18Cl2N2O ChEBI
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 277.19000
InChI
InChI=1S/C12H18Cl2N2O/c1-12(2,3)16-6-10(17)7-4-8(13)11(15)9(14)5-7/h4-5,10,16-17H,6,15H2,1-3H3
InChIKey
STJMRWALKKWQGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES
CC(C)(C)NCC(O)c1cc(Cl)c(N)c(Cl)c1
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): beta-adrenergic agonist
An agent that selectively binds to and activates beta-adrenergic receptors.
sympathomimetic agent
A drug that mimics the effects of stimulating postganglionic adrenergic sympathetic nerves. Included in this class are drugs that directly stimulate adrenergic receptors and drugs that act indirectly by provoking the release of adrenergic transmitters.
Application(s): bronchodilator agent
An agent that causes an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
beta-adrenergic agonist
An agent that selectively binds to and activates beta-adrenergic receptors.
sympathomimetic agent
A drug that mimics the effects of stimulating postganglionic adrenergic sympathetic nerves. Included in this class are drugs that directly stimulate adrenergic receptors and drugs that act indirectly by provoking the release of adrenergic transmitters.
View more on the ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) has role β-adrenergic agonist (CHEBI:35522)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) has role bronchodilator agent (CHEBI:35523)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) has role sympathomimetic agent (CHEBI:35524)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) is a amino alcohol (CHEBI:22478)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) is a ethanolamines (CHEBI:23981)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) is a organochlorine compound (CHEBI:36683)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) is a primary arylamine (CHEBI:50471)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) is a secondary amino compound (CHEBI:50995)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) is a substituted aniline (CHEBI:48975)
clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690) is conjugate base of clenbuterol(1+) (CHEBI:61153)
Incoming (R)-clenbuterol (CHEBI:59567) is a clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690)
(S)-clenbuterol (CHEBI:59568) is a clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690)
clenbuterol(1+) (CHEBI:61153) is conjugate acid of clenbuterol (CHEBI:174690)
IUPAC Name
1-(4-amino-3,5-dichlorophenyl)-2-(tert-butylamino)ethanol
INNs Sources
clenbuterol WHO MedNet
clenbutérol WHO MedNet
clenbuterol ChemIDplus
clenbuterolum ChemIDplus
Synonyms Sources
(±)-clenbuterol ChEBI
1-(4-Amino-3,5-dichloro-phenyl)-2-tert-butylamino-ethanol ChEMBL
4-amino-3,5-dichloro-α-(((1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)methyl)benzenemethanol ChemIDplus
4-amino-α-((tert-butylamino)methyl)-3,5-dichlorobenzyl alcohol ChemIDplus
CLENBUTEROL ChEMBL
Database Links Databases
D07713 KEGG DRUG
DB01407 DrugBank
US3536712 Patent
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
1076467 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
1076467 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
37148-27-9 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
37148-27-9 CAS Registry Number KEGG DRUG
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
22071161 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22241580 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22341861 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22447758 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22505058 PubMed citation CiteXplore
General Comment
2011-01-31 A β2-adrenergic agonist, clenbuterol is used (as its hydrochloride salt) as a bronchodilator in the treatment of asthma. It is also a non-steroidal anabolic and metabolism accelerator, through a mechanism not well understood, and has been used illicitly in animal feeds to promote weight gain and to increase the muscle-to-fat body ratio of livestock.
 
Last Modified
24 août 2012

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