E-MTAB-1663 - ChIP-seq of of Arabidopsis root and shoot with or without mild transiet salt treatment sampled immediately after treatment or 10 days later
Released on 1 June 2013, last updated on 3 May 2014
A role of chromatin in plant memory of environmental stress has been proposed. In this study ChIP-Seq was employed to investigate whether a transient mild salt treatment of Arabidopsis thaliana plant at seedling stage (‘priming treatment’: 50 mM NaCl for 24 hours) altered genome-wide profiles of four histone modifications; H3K4me2, H3K4me3, H3K9me2 and H3K27me3. Comparison of histone modification profiles between primed and non-primed plants harvested immediately after the priming treatment showed differences in all histone modifications but were strongest and most abundant for H3K27me3. We subsequently explored whether these changes were maintained over an extensive period of growth in control conditions. Additional ChIP-Seq analysis showed that differences in the H3K27me3 profiles between primed and non-primed plants were still apparent after a growth period of ten days in control conditions. The results provide first indication for a potential role of H3K27me3 in long-term somatic memory of abiotic stress events in plants. The obtained dataset was compared with RNA-seq data measured in the same plant material (see parallel submission of RNA-Seq data in ArrayExpress: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MTAB-1668).
ChIP-seq, ChiP-seq, in vivo, stimulus or stress
Hyperosmotic priming of Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings establishes a long-term somatic memory accompanied by specific changes of the epigenome. Emanuela Sani, Pawel Herzyk, Giorgio Perrella, Vincent Colot, Anna Amtmann.