E-MTAB-1525 - Global analysis of mRNA degradation reveals Xrn1-dependent buffering of transcript levels
Released on 18 October 2013, last updated on 3 May 2014
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe
The rates of mRNA synthesis and degradation determine cellular mRNA levels and can be monitored by comparative Dynamic Transcriptome Analysis (cDTA) that uses non-perturbing metabolic RNA labeling. Here we present cDTA data for 46 yeast strains lacking genes involved in mRNA degradation and metabolism. In these strains, changes in mRNA degradation rates are generally compensated by changes in mRNA synthesis rates, resulting in a buffering of mRNA levels. We show that buffering of mRNA levels requires the RNA exonuclease Xrn1. The buffering is rapidly established when mRNA synthesis is impaired, but is delayed when mRNA degradation is impaired, apparently due to Xrn1-dependent transcription repressor induction. Cluster analysis of the data defines the general mRNA degradation machinery, reveals different substrate preferences for the two mRNA deadenylase complexes Ccr4-Not and Pan2-Pan3, and unveils an interwoven cellular mRNA surveillance network. For this purpose, cDTA was carried out as described in Sun et.al. Genome Res. 2012 (DOI:10.1101/gr.130161.111). S. cerevisiae cultures were grown at 30¡ãC in 50 ml aliquots of YPD medium. S. pombe cultures were grown at 32¡ãC in YES medium. For inhibitor perturbation, BY4741 cells (OD600=0.1) were inoculated from a saturated overnight culture in two 100 ml aliquots of YPD liquid medium, incubated at 30¡ãC and grown to early-log phase (OD600=0.8). Cells were labeled for 6 minutes (sample 0 min). Then cycloheximide was added and cells were labeled for 10 minutes and 60 minutes. Cells were harvested and treated as described in Sun et.al. Genome Res. 2012 (DOI:10.1101/gr.130161.111). 1,10-Phenanthroline was added to the culture to a final concentration of 25 _g/ml as described (Dori-Bachash et al., 2012), and labeled for 6 minutes after 18 minutes treatment. Cells were treated as above. For the anchor-away analysis, S. cerevisiae cells (OD600=0.1) were cultured in two 200 ml aliquots of YPD containing 1_g/ml rapamycin and incubated at 30¡ãC untill OD600 reached 0.8. Due to the instability of rapamycin, we added 1_g/ml rapamycin every two hours. Then a 20 ml sample was taken and labeled with 4sU. The cells were then treated as described in Sun et.al. Genome Res. 2012 (DOI:10.1101/gr.130161.111).
transcription profiling by array, co-expression, compound treatment, individual genetic characteristics, normalization testing, replicate, time series
The cellular growth rate controls overall mRNA turnover, and modulates either transcription or degradation rates of particular gene regulons. García-Martínez J, Delgado-Ramos L, Ayala G, Pelechano V, Medina DA, Carrasco F, González R, Andrés-León E, Steinmetz L, Warringer J, Chávez S, Pérez-Ortín JE. :3643-3658 (2016), Europe PMC 26717982
Global Analysis of Eukaryotic mRNA Degradation Reveals Xrn1-Dependent Buffering of Transcript Levels. Sun M, Schwalb B, Pirkl N, Maier KC, Schenk A, Failmezger H, Tresch A, Cramer P. Mol Cell 52(1):52-62 (2013), Europe PMC 24119399