E-GEOD-50253 - Genomic profiling of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Status
Released on 20 September 2013, last updated on 30 September 2013
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (70)
Array (1)
Protocols (4)
Description
Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (ALCL) is a mature T-cell lymphoma that can present as a systemic or primary cutaneous disease. Systemic ALCL represents 2-5% of adult lymphoma but up to 30% of all pediatric cases. Two subtypes of systemic ALCL are currently recognized on the basis of the presence of a translocation involving the Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase ALK gene. Despite considerable progress, several questions remain open regarding the pathogenesis of both ALCL subtypes. To investigate the molecular pathogenesis and to assess the relationship between the ALK(+) and ALK(-)ALCL subtypes, we performed a genome-wide DNA profiling using high density, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays (SNP-array) on a series of 63 cases and seven cell lines. The commonest lesions were losses at 17p13 and at 6q21, encompassing the TP53 and PRDM1 genes respectively. The latter gene, coding for BLIMP1, was inactivated by multiple mechanisms, more frequently, but not exclusively, in ALK(-)ALCL. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that that PRDM1 is a tumor suppressor gene in ALCL models, likely acting as an anti-apoptotic agent. Losses of TP53 and/or PRDM1 were present in 52% of ALK(-)ALCL, and in 29% of all ALCL cases with a clinical implication. Genomic profiling of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Experiment types
genotyping by array, comparative genomic hybridization by array 
Contacts
Andrea Rinaldi, Francesco Bertoni, Ivo Kwee
MIAME
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