E-GEOD-49855 - HuR and miR-1192 regulate myogenesis by modulating the translation of HMGB1 mRNA (miRNA)
Released on 14 August 2013, last updated on 3 June 2014
Upon muscle injury the high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is up-regulated and secreted to initiate reparative responses. Here we show that HMGB1 controls myogenesis both in vitro and in vivo, during development and after adult muscle injury. HMGB1 expression in muscle cells is regulated at the translational level: the miRNA miR-1192 inhibits HMGB1 translation and the RNA-binding protein HuR promotes it. HuR binds to a cis-element, HuRBS, located in the 3'UTR of the HMGB1 transcript, and at the same time miR-1192 is recruited to an adjacent seed element. The binding of HuR to the HuRBS prevents the recruitment of Argonaute 2 (Ago2), overriding miR-1192-mediated translation inhibition. Depleting HuR reduces myoblast fusion and silencing miR-1192 re-establishes the fusion potential of HuR-depleted cells. We propose that HuR promotes the commitment of myoblasts to myogenesis by enhancing the translation of HMGB1 and suppressing the translation inhibition mediated by miR-1192. RNA content was extracted following immunoprecipitation of HuR using a monoclonal antibody (3A2) and the levels of mRNA were compared to an IgG control in order to determine which transcripts were enriched in the HuR ribonucleoprotein complex.
transcription profiling by array
Anne Cammas, Barbara Celona, Brain T Wilhelm, Francesca Riuzzi, Guglielmo Sorci, Imed Gallouzi, Kate van der Giessen, Marco E Bianchi, Marija Zivojnovic, Rosario Donato, Sergio Di Marco, Silvia Brunelli, Virginie Dormoy-Raclet, Xian Lian