E-GEOD-4984 - Transcription profiling of human monocyte derived dendritric cells matured with Galectin-1 or LPS vs controls

Status
Submitted on 5 June 2006, released on 26 October 2007, last updated on 27 March 2012
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (12)
Array (1)
Protocols (3)
Description
Human monocyte derived dendritic cells matured via galectin-1 or LPS. Experiment Overall Design: 4 conditions with 3 replicates of each include control or intreated immature MDDCS, galectin-1 treated MDDCs, LPS treated MDDCs, and vehicle control MDDCs. (each replicate is from a distinct DONOR). Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent mediators of the immune response, and can be activated by exogenous pathogen components. Galectin-1 is a member of the conserved beta-galactoside-binding lectin family that binds galactoside residues on cell surface glycoconjugates. Galectin-1 is known to play a role in immune regulation via action on multiple immune cells. However, its effects on human DCs are unknown. In this study, we show that galectin-1 induces a phenotypic and functional maturation in human monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs) similar to but distinct from the activity of the exogenous pathogen stimuli, LPS. Immature human MDDCs exposed to galectin-1 up-regulated cell surface markers characteristic of DC maturation (CD40, CD83, CD86, and HLA-DR), secreted high levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha, stimulated T cell proliferation, and showed reduced endocytic capacity, similar to LPS-matured MDDCs. However, unlike LPS-matured DCs, galectin-1-treated MDDCs did not produce the Th1-polarizing cytokine IL-12. Microarray analysis revealed that in addition to modulating many of the same DC maturation genes as LPS, galectin-1 also uniquely up-regulated a significant subset of genes related to cell migration through the extracellular matrix (ECM). Indeed, compared with LPS, galectin-1-treated human MDDCs exhibited significantly better chemotactic migration through Matrigel, an in vitro ECM model. Our findings show that galectin-1 is a novel endogenous activator of human MDDCs that up-regulates a significant subset of genes distinct from those regulated by a model exogenous stimulus (LPS). One unique effect of galectin-1 is to increase DC migration through the ECM, suggesting that galectin-1 may be an important component in initiating an immune response.
Experiment types
transcription profiling by array, cell type comparison, co-expression, compound treatment
Contact
Citation
Galectin-1-matured human monocyte-derived dendritic cells have enhanced migration through extracellular matrix. Jennifer A Fulcher, Sara T Hashimi, Ernest L Levroney, Mabel Pang, Kevin B Gurney, Linda G Baum, Benhur Lee. J Immunol 177(1):216-26 (2006)
MIAME
PlatformsProtocolsFactorsProcessedRaw
Files
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-4984.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-4984.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)E-GEOD-4984.raw.1.zip
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-4984.processed.1.zip
Array designA-AFFY-44.adf.txt
R ExpressionSetE-GEOD-4984.eSet.r
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