E-GEOD-4984 - Transcription profiling of human monocyte derived dendritric cells matured with Galectin-1 or LPS vs controls
Submitted on 5 June 2006, released on 26 October 2007, last updated on 27 March 2012
Human monocyte derived dendritic cells matured via galectin-1 or LPS. Experiment Overall Design: 4 conditions with 3 replicates of each include control or intreated immature MDDCS, galectin-1 treated MDDCs, LPS treated MDDCs, and vehicle control MDDCs. (each replicate is from a distinct DONOR). Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent mediators of the immune response, and can be activated by exogenous pathogen components. Galectin-1 is a member of the conserved beta-galactoside-binding lectin family that binds galactoside residues on cell surface glycoconjugates. Galectin-1 is known to play a role in immune regulation via action on multiple immune cells. However, its effects on human DCs are unknown. In this study, we show that galectin-1 induces a phenotypic and functional maturation in human monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs) similar to but distinct from the activity of the exogenous pathogen stimuli, LPS. Immature human MDDCs exposed to galectin-1 up-regulated cell surface markers characteristic of DC maturation (CD40, CD83, CD86, and HLA-DR), secreted high levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha, stimulated T cell proliferation, and showed reduced endocytic capacity, similar to LPS-matured MDDCs. However, unlike LPS-matured DCs, galectin-1-treated MDDCs did not produce the Th1-polarizing cytokine IL-12. Microarray analysis revealed that in addition to modulating many of the same DC maturation genes as LPS, galectin-1 also uniquely up-regulated a significant subset of genes related to cell migration through the extracellular matrix (ECM). Indeed, compared with LPS, galectin-1-treated human MDDCs exhibited significantly better chemotactic migration through Matrigel, an in vitro ECM model. Our findings show that galectin-1 is a novel endogenous activator of human MDDCs that up-regulates a significant subset of genes distinct from those regulated by a model exogenous stimulus (LPS). One unique effect of galectin-1 is to increase DC migration through the ECM, suggesting that galectin-1 may be an important component in initiating an immune response.
transcription profiling by array, cell type comparison, co-expression, compound treatment
Galectin-1-matured human monocyte-derived dendritic cells have enhanced migration through extracellular matrix. Jennifer A Fulcher, Sara T Hashimi, Ernest L Levroney, Mabel Pang, Kevin B Gurney, Linda G Baum, Benhur Lee. J Immunol 177(1):216-26 (2006)