E-GEOD-49521 - Genomic Interaction Profiles in Breast Cancer Reveal Altered Chromatin Architecture

Status
Released on 3 August 2013, last updated on 5 September 2013
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (3)
Protocols (1)
Description
Gene transcription can be regulated by remote enhancer regions through chromosome looping either in cis or in trans. Cancer cells are characterized by wholesale changes in long-range gene interactions, but the role that these long-range interactions play in cancer progression and metastasis is not well understood. In this study, we used IGFBP3, a gene involved in breast cancer pathogenesis, as bait in a 4C-seq experiment comparing normal breast cells (HMEC) with two breast cancer cell lines (MCF7, an ER positive cell line, and MDA-MB-231, a triple negative cell line). The IGFBP3 long-range interaction profile was substantially altered in breast cancer. Many interactions seen in normal breast cells are lost and novel interactions appear in cancer lines. We found that in HMEC, the breast carcinoma amplified sequence gene family (BCAS) 1-4 were among the top 10 most significantly enriched regions of interaction with IGFBP3. 3D-FISH analysis indicated that the translocation-prone BCAS genes, which are located on chromosomes 1, 17 and 20, are in close physical proximity with IGFBP3 and each other in normal breast cells. We also found that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a gene implicated in tumorigenesis, interacts significantly with IGFBP3 and that this interaction may play a role in their regulation. Breakpoint analysis suggests that the interchromosomal rearrangements seen in the MCF7 cancer cell line involve regions that engage in long-range interactions in normal breast cells. Overall, our data from multiple lines of evidence suggest an important role for long-range chromosomal interactions in the pathogenesis of cancer. Comparison of IGFBP3 interaction profiles in normal breast tissue and 2 breast tumor subtypes
Experiment type
other 
Contacts
Andrew R Hoffman <geo@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>, Ferhat Ay, Michael Zeitz
MINSEQE
Exp. designProtocolsFactorsProcessedSeq. reads
Files
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-49521.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-49521.sdrf.txt
Links