E-GEOD-47815 - Epigenetic and genetic changes during mouse hematopoietic stem cell aging [Bisulfite-Seq]
Released on 30 April 2014, last updated on 31 May 2014
To investigate the global DNA methylation changes in mouse hematopoietic stem cell aging, we performed whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS). We generated 1,494 million (4mo HSCs), and 1,493 million (24mo HSCs) raw reads; about 82.6% and 84.3%, respectively, were successfully aligned to either strand of the reference genome (mm9). Of all the cytosines present in the reference genome sequence, about 93% of Cs and 99% of CGs were covered in both datasets, with an average coverage of 46-fold (4mo) and 50-fold (24mo). In contrast to the age-associated hypomethylation observed in studies of somatic cells, mentioned above, HSCs showed an increase of methylation with age. The average methylation level over all 16 million covered CpGs increased from 83.5% in young (4mo) HSC to 84.6% in old (24mo) HSC. We observed a total of 448,166 differentially methylated CpGs (DMCs), defined as those having a 20% or more difference in methylation ratio, of which 38.5% (172,609) were hypomethylated (hypo-DMCs) and 61.5% (275,557) were hypermethylated (hyper-DMCs) with aging. For different genomic features, a slightly greater DNA methylation ratio increase was observed for the gene body, LINEs and SINEs, while CGIs and promoters showed balanced increases and decreases. Localization analysis of DMCs indicates that DNA encoding for ribosome RNA (rDNA) is primarily a hotspot for hypo-DMCs, while promoters without CpG islands, CpG island shores and LINE repetitive elements exhibit both hypo- and hyper-DMCs. Mouse hematopoietic stem cell DNA methylation profiles of 4 month and 24 month old WT mice were generated generated by deep sequencing, in duplicate, using Illumina Hiseq 2000.
methylation profiling by high throughput sequencing
deqiang sun <email@example.com>, Deqiang Sun, Wei Li
Epigenomic Profiling of Young and Aged HSCs Reveals Concerted Changes during Aging that Reinforce Self-Renewal. Sun D, Luo M, Jeong M, Rodriguez B, Xia Z, Hannah R, Wang H, Le T, Faull KF, Chen R, Gu H, Bock C, Meissner A, Gï¿½ttgens B, Darlington GJ, Li W, Goodell MA. , Europe PMC 24792119