E-GEOD-4561 - shRNA human of colon cancer samples after inhibition of NOX1

Status
Submitted on 27 March 2006, released on 13 June 2008, last updated on 10 June 2011
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (20)
Array (1)
Protocols (2)
Description
NOX1 gene is member of the NADPH-dependent superoxide producing enzyme family. It generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) in regulated manner in response to growth factors, cytokines and calcium signal. Low levels of ROS play role in many processes including cell proliferation, inflammatory response and mitogenesis. NOX1 over-expression in colon cancer cell lines as well as surgical samples suggests a role in colon cancer. We identified unique target sequences of siRNAs for post-transcriptional silencing of NOX1. Gene specific and scrambled (control) sequence carrying U6 promoter/shRNA cassettes were cloned into GFP expression vector. Stable clones were selected based on NOX1 expression after transient transfection of HT-29 cells. Clone 6A and 6C showed 70-80% decrease in NOX1 expression. The cells were expanded and analyzed further. We measured decreased ROS production, cell proliferation and G1/S block of the cell cycle. HT-29 parental cells, clone SA (scrambled) and clone 6A (gene specific) were utilized to establish xenografts in athymic mice to investigate the effect of NOX1 silencing on tumor growth and gene expression in vivo. Significant decrease was measured in the volume of forming tumors. The stable clones and corresponding xenografts were analyzed on microarray. The microarray data was validated with real-time PCR and western-blot analysis demonstrating the inhibition of genes important in cell cycle regulation and angiogenesis. The results of this study show silencing NOX1 levels of generated ROS decreased, the tumor formation attenuated in vivo suggesting NOX1 may be a therapeutic target for colon cancer. Experiment Overall Design: We have found that NOX1 over-expression in colon cancer cell lines as well as surgical samples suggests a role in colon cancer. We identified unique target sequences of siRNAs for post-transcriptional silencing of NOX1. Gene specific and scrambled (control) sequences carrying the U6 promoter/shRNA cassettes were cloned into a GFP expression vector. Stable clones were selected based on NOX1 expression after transient transfection of HT-29 cells. HT-29 parental cells, clone SA (scrambled) and clone 6A (gene specific) were utilized to establish xenografts in athymic mice to investigate the effect of NOX1 silencing on tumor growth and gene expression in vivo. A significant decrease was measured in the volume of tumors formed. The stable clones and corresponding xenografts were analyzed on microarray. The microarray data was validated with real-time PCR and western-blot analysis demonstrating the inhibition of genes important in cell cycle regulation and angiogenesis. The results of this study show silencing NOX1 levels of generated ROS decreased, the tumor formation attenuated in vivo suggesting NOX1 may be a therapeutic target for colon cancer.
Experiment types
RNAi profiling by array, unknown experiment type
Contact
MIAME
PlatformsProtocolsFactorsProcessedRaw
Files
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-4561.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-4561.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)E-GEOD-4561.raw.1.zip
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-4561.processed.1.zip
Array designA-AFFY-37.adf.txt
R ExpressionSetE-GEOD-4561.eSet.r
Links