E-GEOD-43040 - Integrative investigation on breast cancer in ER, PR and HER2-defined subgroups using mRNA and miRNA expression profiling and cancer core pathway analysis
Released on 1 June 2013, last updated on 2 June 2014
Accurate characterization and understanding of the breast cancer subtypes is of crucial clinical importance to the heterogeneity of this disease. Several layers of information, including immunohistochemical markers, mRNA and microRNA expression profiles, and pathway analysis have been used for such purpose in several studies. However, a comprehensively integrative approach is currently missing. This paper provides microRNA and mRNA expression profiles, characterizing four breast tumor subtypes, as defined by four immunohistochemical markers. The defined sets of features were validated in two independent data sets at multiple levels, including unsupervised clustering and supervised classification. Moreover, the gene expression signatures of the tumor subtypes were screened by in-depth analysis of 12 cancer core pathways. We successfully identified and validated a novel breast cancer subtypes gene expression signature composed of 976 mRNAs and 69 miRNAs. Luminal and non-luminal tumors are shown to significantly differ both at the mRNA and miRNA levels. HER2 positive tumors are more closely related to triple negative tumors by mRNA profiling than by miRNA expression. Closely related miRNAs sharing the same targets may exert opposite roles during tumor progression. Besides the core cancer pathways, other pathways such as those controling biomass synthesis are shown to be important to enable the core basal subtype with additional progressive nature compared with the other triple negative tumors. Some therapeutic strategies are proposed for breast cancer treatment, including the combined blockage of MAPK/ERK and PI3K/Pten signalings for tumors with poor clinical outcome, and targeting Wnt and JAK/STAT and/or Hedgehog, depending on tumor subtypes, together with conventional chemotherapy with the purpose of achieving an eradicative outcome. The pathway analysis also reveals that the clinical strategy and pivotal targets need to be tuned according to different tumor subtypes. This study is the first attempt to elucidate breast cancer subtypes by combining microRNA and mRNA expression, immunohistochemical markers, and cancer core pathways. The results can avail the functional studies of the etiology of breast cancer and translated for clinical use given their intrinsic link in terms of immunohistochemistry and survival. This submission consists of microRNA profiles of 115 breast cancer tumors of several subtypes only.
transcription profiling by array
Xiaofeng Dai <email@example.com>, Carl Blomgvist, Dario Greco, Heli Nevanlinna, Kristiina Aittomäki, Päivi Heikkilä, Sofia Khan, Tuomas Heikkinen