E-GEOD-25413 - Expression data from primary bovine mammary epithelial cells (pbMEC) challenged with heat inactivated E. coli and S. aureus particles
Released on 7 September 2012, last updated on 30 April 2015
Infections of the udder by Escherichia coli very often elicit acute inflammation, while Staphylococcus aureus infections tend to cause mild, subclinical inflammation and persistent infections. The molecular causes undercovering the different disease patterns are poorly understood. We therefore profiled kinetics and extent of global changes in the transcriptome of primary bovine mammary epithelia cells (MEC) subsequent to challenging them with heat inactivated preparations of E. coli or S. aureus pathogens. E. coli swiftly and strongly induced expression of cytokines and bactericidal factors. S. aureus elicited a retarded response and failed to quickly induce expression of bactericidal factors. Both pathogens induced a similar pattern of chemokines for cell recruitment into the udder, but E. coli stimulated their synthesis much faster and stronger. The genes which are exclusively and most strongly up-regulated by E. coli may be clustered into a regulatory network with Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) and Interleukin 1 (IL-1) in a central position. In contrast, the expression of these master cytokines is barely regulated by S. aureus. Both pathogens quickly trigger enhanced expression of IL-6. This is still possible after completely abrogating MyD88 dependent TLR-signalling in MEC. The E. coli specific strong induction of TNF-a and IL-1 expression may be causative for the severe inflammatory symptoms of animals suffering from E. coli mastitis while avoidance to quickly induce synthesis of bactericidal factors may support persistent survival of S. aureus within the udder. We suggest that S. aureus subverts MyD88-dependent activation of immune gene expression in MEC. We challenged pbMEC cultures with 1E+07 particles per ml of heat inactivated E. coli strain 1303 for 1, 3, 6, and 24 h and compared their transcriptomes to that of untreated control cells. The experiment included three biological replicas (rep1, rep2, rep3), each from a different cow We challenged pbMEC cultures with 1E+07 particles per ml of heat inactivated S. aureus strain 1027 for 1, 3, 6, and 24 h and compared their transcriptomes to that of untreated control cells. The experiment included three biological replicas (rep1, rep2, rep3), each from a different cow
transcription profiling by array
Juliane Guenther <email@example.com>, Hans-Martin Seyfert, Helmut Blum, Holm Zerbe, Juliane Günther, Kathrin Esch, Norbert Poschadel, Simone Mitterhuemer, Wolfram Petzl
Comparative kinetics of Escherichia coli- and Staphylococcus aureus-specific activation of key immune pathways in mammary epithelial cells demonstrates that S. aureus elicits a delayed response dominated by interleukin-6 (IL-6) but not by IL-1A or tumor necrosis factor alpha. Guenther J, Esch K, Poschadel N, Petzl W, Zerbe H, Mitterhuemer S, Blum H, Seyfert HM.