E-GEOD-19076 - Expression data from wild type, Ring1B-/-, Eed-/-, and Ring1B/Eed double deficient mouse ES cells
Released on 30 November 2009, last updated on 27 March 2012
Polycomb complexes establish chromatin modifications for maintaining gene repression and are essential for embryonic development in mice. Here we use pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells to demonstrate an unexpected redundancy between Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) and PRC2 during the formation of differentiated cells. ES cells lacking the function of either PRC1 or PRC2 can differentiate into cells of the three germ layers, whereas simultaneous loss of PRC1 and PRC2 abrogates differentiation. On the molecular level the differentiation defect is caused by the derepression of a set of genes that is redundantly repressed by PRC1 and PRC2 in ES cells. Furthermore, we find that genomic repeats are Polycomb targets and show that in the absence of Polycomb complexes endogenous MLV elements can mobilize. This indicates a contribution of the PcG system to the defense against parasitic DNA and a potential role of genomic repeats in Polycomb mediated gene regulation. RNA from wt and PcG mutant ES cells was extracted using Trizol and hybridized to an Affymetrix Mouse 430_2.0 chip. Labeling, hybridization and primary data analysis were performed by a commercial provider (Atlas Biolabs, Berlin). Before RNA extraction, the undifferentiated ES cell state was confirmed by colony morphology. All genotypes were hybridized in biological triplicates.
transcription profiling by array
Anton Wutz, Diego Pasini, Kristian Helin, Maria Novatchkova, Markus Jaritz, Martin Leeb
Polycomb complexes act redundantly to repress genomic repeats and genes. Leeb M, Pasini D, Novatchkova M, Jaritz M, Helin K, Wutz A. , Europe PMC 20123906