E-GEOD-12264 - Transcription profiling by array of human trabecular bone osteogenic cells
Released on 21 October 2008, last updated on 8 October 2012
The aim of this study was to describe the gene expression patterns related to the differentiation and mineralization of bone-forming cells, including activation and/or repression of osteogenic or non-osteogenic pathways, remodeling of cell architecture, cell adhesion, cell communication, and assembly of extracellular matrix. The study implied patient selection, tissue collection, isolation and culture of human marrow stromal cells (hMSC) and osteoblasts (hOB), and characterization of bone-forming cells. RNA samples were collected at defined time points, in order to understand the regulation of gene expression during the processes of cell differentiation/mineralization that occur during bone repair. Transcriptome analysis was performed by using the Affymetrix GeneChip microarray technology platform and GeneChip® Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array. Our results help to design a gene expression profile of bone-forming cells during specific steps of osteogenic differentiation. These findings offer an useful tool to monitor the behaviour of osteogenic precursors cultured in presence of exogenous stimuli, i.e. growth factors, or onto 3D scaffolds for bone engineering. Moreover, they can contribute to identify and clarify the role of new genes for a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms regulating osteogenesis. Experiment Overall Design: Differentiated osteoblasts (hOB) were obtained from trabecular bone fragments of four patients. hOB cultures were maintained in mineralization medium containing β-glycerophosphate, and collected at different time points. The experimental protocol was specifically devised to mark four steps of hOB mineralization (HM). The reference sample consisted in confluent hOBs before the addition of mineralization medium (HM1).
transcription profiling by array
Gene expression patterns related to osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells during ex vivo expansion. Granchi D, Ochoa G, Leonardi E, Devescovi V, Baglìo SR, Osaba L, Baldini N, Ciapetti G.