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GO:0051304 chromosome separation

Term Information

ID GO:0051304
Name chromosome separation
Ontology Biological Process
Definition The cell cycle process in which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with the disentangling of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
PMID:20352243
Secondary IDs GO:0034500
GONUTS GO:0051304 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
narrow rDNA separation
related chromatid release

Cross-references

Database ID
InterPro IPR005234
InterPro IPR027084

Ancestor Chart

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Child Terms

This table lists all terms that are direct descendants (child terms) of GO:0051304:
Relationship To GO:0051304 Child Term Child Term Name
Part of GO:0034510 centromere separation
Is a GO:0051306 mitotic sister chromatid separation
Is a GO:0051307 meiotic chromosome separation

Protein Annotation

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GO Term Name
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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0051304. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0051304 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0051304 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2014-04-21 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with the disentangling of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2014-04-21 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2013-03-23 Added SYNONYM rDNA separation
2013-03-23 Added SECONDARY GO:0034500 (rDNA separation)
2010-12-17 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2010-12-17 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2010-10-01 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2010-10-01 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2010-10-01 Added SYNONYM chromatid release
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0022402 (cell cycle process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION part of GO:0007059 (chromosome segregation)
2007-01-09 Updated DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2005-02-14 Added TERM chromosome separation
2005-02-14 Added DEFINITION The process by which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2005-02-14 Added TERM chromosome separation

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2014-04-21 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with the disentangling of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2014-04-21 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2013-03-23 Added SYNONYM rDNA separation
2010-12-17 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2010-12-17 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2010-10-01 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2010-10-01 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. Chromosome separation begins with the release of cohesin complexes from chromosomes; in budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions. Chromosome separation also includes formation of chromatid axes mediated by condensins, and ends with untanglement of inter-sister catenation catalyzed by topoisomerase II (topo II).
2010-10-01 Added SYNONYM chromatid release
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2007-01-09 Updated DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.
2005-02-14 Added DEFINITION The process by which paired chromosomes are detached from each other. In budding yeast, this includes the cleavage of cohesin complexes along the chromosome arms, followed by the separation of the centromeric regions.

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0022402 (cell cycle process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION part of GO:0007059 (chromosome segregation)

Other

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2013-03-23 Added SECONDARY GO:0034500 (rDNA separation)
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