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GO:0044403 symbiosis, encompassing mutualism through parasitism

Term Information

ID GO:0044403
Name symbiosis, encompassing mutualism through parasitism
Ontology Biological Process
Definition An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
Comment Note that this term encompasses all symbiotic relationships between species along a continuum from mutualism through to parasitism, as outlined in the definition.
Secondary IDs GO:0043298 GO:0044404
GONUTS GO:0044403 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
exact symbiosis
related host-pathogen interaction
exact symbiotic interaction
related symbiotic interaction between host and organism
exact symbiotic interaction between organisms
exact symbiotic interaction between species
related symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism

Annotation Guidance

Usage of this term is subject to the following annotation guidelines:
Annotation Guidelines
Annotating gene products that interact with other organisms Link

GO Slims

This term is present in the following GO Consortium-maintained GO slims:
GO slim nameCount of all terms
goslim_metagenomics119
goslim_generic149

Replaces

This term can be used instead of these obsolete terms:
GO Identifier GO Term Name Reason
GO:0030383 host-pathogen interaction CONSIDER GO:0044403
GO:0042280 cell surface antigen activity, host-interacting CONSIDER GO:0044403

Ancestor Chart

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Child Terms

This table lists all terms that are direct descendants (child terms) of GO:0044403:
Relationship To GO:0044403 Child Term Child Term Name
Is a GO:0044399 multi-species biofilm formation
Is a GO:0009877 nodulation
Part of GO:0044110 growth involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0044111 development involved in symbiotic interaction
Is a GO:0085031 commensalism
Is a GO:0085030 mutualism
Part of GO:0075071 autophagy involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0051701 interaction with host
Part of GO:0051702 interaction with symbiont
Part of GO:0051708 intracellular protein transport in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0051816 acquisition of nutrients from other organism during symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0051817 modification of morphology or physiology of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0051821 dissemination or transmission of organism from other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0051824 recognition of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0051836 translocation of molecules into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0052047 interaction with other organism via secreted substance involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0052173 response to defenses of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Part of GO:0052192 movement in environment of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Regulates GO:0043903 regulation of symbiosis, encompassing mutualism through parasitism
Part of GO:0052214 metabolism of substance in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction
Is a GO:0072519 parasitism
Part of GO:0044406 adhesion of symbiont to host
Is a GO:0016032 viral process

Protein Annotation

Displaying annotations FIRST to LAST of TOTAL Page size: Additional filters: Bookmarkable link
Database
Gene Product ID
Symbol
Qualifier
GO Identifier
GO Term Name
Aspect
Original GO ID
Original GO Term Name
Evidence
Reference
With
Taxon
Date
Assigned By
Product Form ID
Name
Synonym
Type
Taxon Name
Sequence

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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0044403. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0044403 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0044403 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044419 (interspecies interaction between organisms)
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM host-pathogen interaction
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiosis
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and organism
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between organisms
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between species
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiosis
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and organism
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM host-pathogen interaction
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between organisms
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between species
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism
2007-06-22 Added SYNONYM symbiosis
2007-06-22 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction
2007-01-25 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and other organism
2007-01-25 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and organism
2007-01-23 Updated DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2005-12-10 Added SECONDARY GO:0044404 (symbiotic interaction between host and other organism)
2005-12-10 Added SECONDARY GO:0043298 (symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism)
2005-12-10 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and other organism
2005-12-10 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism
2005-12-10 Added SYNONYM host-pathogen interaction
2005-12-10 Updated TERM symbiosis, encompassing mutualism through parasitism
2005-09-19 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between organisms
2005-09-19 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between species
2005-02-03 Added DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2005-02-03 Added TERM symbiosis, mutualism through parasitism

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2005-12-10 Updated TERM symbiosis, encompassing mutualism through parasitism
2005-02-03 Added TERM symbiosis, mutualism through parasitism

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM host-pathogen interaction
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiosis
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and organism
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between organisms
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between species
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiosis
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and organism
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM host-pathogen interaction
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between organisms
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between species
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism
2007-06-22 Added SYNONYM symbiosis
2007-06-22 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction
2007-01-25 Deleted SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and other organism
2007-01-25 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and organism
2007-01-23 Updated DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2005-12-10 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between host and other organism
2005-12-10 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism
2005-12-10 Added SYNONYM host-pathogen interaction
2005-09-19 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between organisms
2005-09-19 Added SYNONYM symbiotic interaction between species
2005-02-03 Added DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044419 (interspecies interaction between organisms)

Other

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2005-12-10 Added SECONDARY GO:0044404 (symbiotic interaction between host and other organism)
2005-12-10 Added SECONDARY GO:0043298 (symbiotic interaction with other non-host organism)
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