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GO:0035101 FACT complex

Term Information

ID GO:0035101
Name FACT complex
Ontology Cellular Component
Definition An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
PMID:12934006 PMID:12934007 PMID:16678108
GONUTS GO:0035101 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
exact Facilitates chromatin transcription complex

Taxon Constraints

The use of this term should conform to the following taxon constraints:
Taxon Rule Ancestor GO ID Ancestor GO Term Name Relationship Taxon ID Taxon Reference(s)
GOTAX:0000057 GO:0005623 cell only_in_taxon 131567 cellular organisms
GOTAX:0000059 GO:0005634 nucleus only_in_taxon 2759 Eukaryota
More information on taxon constraints in GO is available here

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Child Terms

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Protein Annotation

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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0035101. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0035101 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0035101 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0008023 (transcription elongation factor complex)
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2006-10-21 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2006-10-10 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2006-09-19 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was identified as a chromatin-specific factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. In S. cerevisiae, the complex is composed of three proteins: Spt16 (120 kDa), Pob3 (63 kDa), and Nhp6 (11 kDa). FACT subunits are highly conserved among eukaryotes. However, in metazoans the Pob3 and Nhp6 orthologs are fused to form the SSRP1 protein.
2006-04-26 Deleted SYNONYM DSIF complex
2005-04-28 Added SYNONYM DSIF complex
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2004-03-05 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was identified as a chromatin-specific factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to yeast Spt16p and Pob3p.
2004-02-26 Added SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2004-02-26 Added DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was identified as a chromatin-specific factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to yeast Spt16p abd Pob3p.
2004-02-26 Added TERM FACT complex

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2004-02-26 Added TERM FACT complex

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2006-10-21 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2006-10-10 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was originally identified in mammalian systems as a factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. The FACT complex has been shown to destablilize the interaction between the H2A/H2B dimer and the H3/H4 tetramer of the nucleosome, thus reorganizing the structure of the nucleosome. In this way, the FACT complex may play a role in DNA replication and other processes that traverse the chromatin, as well as in transcription elongation. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to mammalian Spt16 and SSRP1. In metazoans, the SSRP1 homolog contains an HMG domain; however in fungi and protists, it does not. For example, in S. cerevisiae the Pob3 protein is homologous to SSRP1, but lacks the HMG chromatin binding domain. Instead, the yFACT complex of Spt16p and Pob3p, binds to nucleosomes where multiple copies of the HMG-domain containing protein Nhp6p have already bound, but Nhp6p does not form a stable complex with the Spt16p/Pob3p heterodimer.
2006-09-19 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was identified as a chromatin-specific factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. In S. cerevisiae, the complex is composed of three proteins: Spt16 (120 kDa), Pob3 (63 kDa), and Nhp6 (11 kDa). FACT subunits are highly conserved among eukaryotes. However, in metazoans the Pob3 and Nhp6 orthologs are fused to form the SSRP1 protein.
2006-04-26 Deleted SYNONYM DSIF complex
2005-04-28 Added SYNONYM DSIF complex
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2004-03-05 Updated DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was identified as a chromatin-specific factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to yeast Spt16p and Pob3p.
2004-02-26 Added SYNONYM Facilitates chromatin transcription complex
2004-02-26 Added DEFINITION An abundant nuclear complex, which was identified as a chromatin-specific factor required for transcription elongation on chromatin templates. FACT is composed of two proteins that are evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and homologous to yeast Spt16p abd Pob3p.

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0008023 (transcription elongation factor complex)
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