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GO:0006412 translation

Term Information

ID GO:0006412
Name translation
Ontology Biological Process
Definition The cellular metabolic process in which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.
Secondary IDs GO:0006416 GO:0006453 GO:0043037
GONUTS GO:0006412 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
exact protein biosynthesis
exact protein anabolism
exact protein biosynthetic process
exact protein formation
exact protein synthesis
exact protein translation

GO Slims

This term is present in the following GO Consortium-maintained GO slims:
GO slim nameCount of all terms
goslim_metagenomics119
goslim_candida89
goslim_generic148
goslim_pir462
goslim_plant100
goslim_aspergillus85

Cross-references

Database ID
InterPro IPR000039
InterPro IPR000054
InterPro IPR000077
InterPro IPR000110
InterPro IPR000114
InterPro IPR000196
InterPro IPR000206
InterPro IPR000218
InterPro IPR000231
InterPro IPR000235
InterPro IPR000244
InterPro IPR000266
InterPro IPR000271
InterPro IPR000289
InterPro IPR000307
InterPro IPR000439
InterPro IPR000456
InterPro IPR000473
InterPro IPR000509
InterPro IPR000529
InterPro IPR000530
InterPro IPR000552
InterPro IPR000554
InterPro IPR000589
InterPro IPR000592
InterPro IPR000597
InterPro IPR000630
InterPro IPR000702
InterPro IPR000754
InterPro IPR000851
InterPro IPR000876
InterPro IPR000892
InterPro IPR000911
InterPro IPR000915
InterPro IPR000948
InterPro IPR001021
InterPro IPR001047
InterPro IPR001063
InterPro IPR001141
InterPro IPR001147
InterPro IPR001196
InterPro IPR001197
InterPro IPR001209
InterPro IPR001210
InterPro IPR001266
InterPro IPR001351
InterPro IPR001377
InterPro IPR001380
InterPro IPR001383
InterPro IPR001515
InterPro IPR001569
InterPro IPR001593
InterPro IPR001648
InterPro IPR001684
InterPro IPR001705
InterPro IPR001706
InterPro IPR001780
InterPro IPR001787
InterPro IPR001848
InterPro IPR001854
InterPro IPR001857
InterPro IPR001859
InterPro IPR001865
InterPro IPR001892
InterPro IPR001911
InterPro IPR001931
InterPro IPR001971
InterPro IPR001975
InterPro IPR001976
InterPro IPR002132
InterPro IPR002136
InterPro IPR002143
InterPro IPR002150
InterPro IPR002171
InterPro IPR002222
InterPro IPR002358
InterPro IPR002359
InterPro IPR002363
InterPro IPR002583
InterPro IPR002661
InterPro IPR002671
InterPro IPR002672
InterPro IPR002673
InterPro IPR002674
InterPro IPR002675
InterPro IPR002677
InterPro IPR002768
InterPro IPR002784
InterPro IPR002906
InterPro IPR003256
InterPro IPR004389
InterPro IPR004412
InterPro IPR005290
InterPro IPR005324
InterPro IPR005484
InterPro IPR005485
InterPro IPR005568
InterPro IPR005679
InterPro IPR005680
InterPro IPR005703
InterPro IPR005704
InterPro IPR005706
InterPro IPR005707
InterPro IPR005709
InterPro IPR005710
InterPro IPR005711
InterPro IPR005712
InterPro IPR005713
InterPro IPR005716
InterPro IPR005717
InterPro IPR005721
InterPro IPR005727
InterPro IPR005729
InterPro IPR005732
InterPro IPR005745
InterPro IPR005749
InterPro IPR005755
InterPro IPR005756
InterPro IPR005813
InterPro IPR005822
InterPro IPR005823
InterPro IPR005825
InterPro IPR005878
InterPro IPR005879
InterPro IPR005880
InterPro IPR005996
InterPro IPR005997
InterPro IPR006032
InterPro IPR006519
InterPro IPR006846
InterPro IPR006924
InterPro IPR007740
InterPro IPR007836
InterPro IPR007980
InterPro IPR008195
InterPro IPR008932
InterPro IPR010729
InterPro IPR010793
InterPro IPR011035
InterPro IPR011331
InterPro IPR011332
InterPro IPR012606
InterPro IPR012607
InterPro IPR012678
InterPro IPR013025
InterPro IPR013522
InterPro IPR013810
InterPro IPR013823
InterPro IPR014401
InterPro IPR015324
InterPro IPR015972
InterPro IPR015973
InterPro IPR015974
InterPro IPR015999
InterPro IPR016000
InterPro IPR016180
InterPro IPR018130
InterPro IPR018254
InterPro IPR018255
InterPro IPR018256
InterPro IPR018257
InterPro IPR018258
InterPro IPR018259
InterPro IPR018260
InterPro IPR018261
InterPro IPR018262
InterPro IPR018263
InterPro IPR018264
InterPro IPR018265
InterPro IPR018266
InterPro IPR018267
InterPro IPR018268
InterPro IPR018269
InterPro IPR018271
InterPro IPR018273
InterPro IPR018275
InterPro IPR018277
InterPro IPR018278
InterPro IPR018279
InterPro IPR018280
InterPro IPR018281
InterPro IPR018282
InterPro IPR018283
InterPro IPR019520
InterPro IPR019906
InterPro IPR019907
InterPro IPR019927
InterPro IPR019928
InterPro IPR019958
InterPro IPR019961
InterPro IPR019970
InterPro IPR019977
InterPro IPR019978
InterPro IPR019979
InterPro IPR019980
InterPro IPR019981
InterPro IPR019984
InterPro IPR019985
InterPro IPR020040
InterPro IPR020052
InterPro IPR020055
InterPro IPR020083
InterPro IPR020526
InterPro IPR020574
InterPro IPR020592
InterPro IPR020594
InterPro IPR020606
InterPro IPR020783
InterPro IPR020785
InterPro IPR020798
InterPro IPR020814
InterPro IPR020815
InterPro IPR020919
InterPro IPR020924
InterPro IPR020925
InterPro IPR020926
InterPro IPR020929
InterPro IPR020930
InterPro IPR020939
InterPro IPR021132
InterPro IPR021137
InterPro IPR021138
InterPro IPR022481
InterPro IPR022666
InterPro IPR022669
InterPro IPR022671
InterPro IPR022802
InterPro IPR022804
InterPro IPR023438
InterPro IPR023454
InterPro IPR023518
InterPro IPR023563
InterPro IPR023564
InterPro IPR023571
InterPro IPR023573
InterPro IPR023574
InterPro IPR023575
InterPro IPR023611
InterPro IPR023651
InterPro IPR023654
InterPro IPR023657
InterPro IPR023669
InterPro IPR023672
InterPro IPR023676
InterPro IPR023681
InterPro IPR027488
InterPro IPR027491
InterPro IPR027493
InterPro IPR027498
InterPro IPR027500
InterPro IPR027504
InterPro IPR027548
UniProtKB-KW Protein biosynthesis
Wikipedia Translation_(genetics)

Replaces

This term can be used instead of these obsolete terms:
GO Identifier GO Term Name Reason
GO:0008547 protein-synthesizing GTPase activity REPLACEDBY GO:0006412
GO:0016146 protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, initiation REPLACEDBY GO:0006412
GO:0016147 protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, elongation REPLACEDBY GO:0006412
GO:0016148 protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, termination REPLACEDBY GO:0006412

Ancestor Chart

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Child Terms

This table lists all terms that are direct descendants (child terms) of GO:0006412:
Relationship To GO:0006412 Child Term Child Term Name
Regulates GO:0006417 regulation of translation
Part of GO:0008135 translation factor activity, nucleic acid binding
Part of GO:0071891 N-terminal peptidyl-proline dimethylation involved in translation
Negatively regulates GO:0017148 negative regulation of translation
Part of GO:0030533 triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity
Positively regulates GO:0045727 positive regulation of translation
Is a GO:0032543 mitochondrial translation
Is a GO:0032544 plastid translation
Part of GO:0006413 translational initiation
Part of GO:0006414 translational elongation
Part of GO:0006415 translational termination
Part of GO:0006418 tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation
Is a GO:0019081 viral translation
Is a GO:0002181 cytoplasmic translation
Part of GO:1990145 maintenance of translational fidelity

Protein Annotation

Displaying annotations FIRST to LAST of TOTAL Page size: Additional filters: Bookmarkable link
Database
Gene Product ID
Symbol
Qualifier
GO Identifier
GO Term Name
Aspect
Original GO ID
Original GO Term Name
Evidence
Reference
With
Taxon
Date
Assigned By
Product Form ID
Name
Synonym
Type
Taxon Name
Sequence

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ID Mapping

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If more than one identifier type needs to be used to map all required sequences, drag the selected databases to change the order in which identifiers are found.

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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0006412. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0006412 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0006412 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2013-08-30 Added RELATION has part GO:0006614 (SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane)
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2011-08-14 Deleted SLIM goslim_yeast
2011-07-31 Deleted SLIM goslim_pombe
2010-11-24 Deleted DEFINITION The cellular metabolic process by which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.
2010-11-24 Added DEFINITION The cellular metabolic process in which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.
2010-03-11 Added SYNONYM protein biosynthetic process
2009-12-19 Added RELATION is a GO:0034645 (cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2009-12-19 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0034961 (cellular biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2009-07-12 Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2009-07-12 Added DEFINITION The cellular metabolic process by which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.
2009-05-11 Added SLIM goslim_pombe
2009-03-02 Added XREF Wikipedia:Translation_(genetics)
2008-10-02 Added RELATION is a GO:0034961 (cellular biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2008-10-02 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0043284 (biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2008-10-02 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044249 (cellular biosynthetic process)
2008-10-02 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0034645 (cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-08-14 Added RELATION is a GO:0034645 (cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-08-04 Added RELATION is a GO:0043284 (biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2008-08-04 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0009059 (macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0009059 (macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044249 (cellular biosynthetic process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044267 (cellular protein metabolic process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION part of GO:0010467 (gene expression)
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein anabolism
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein biosynthesis
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein formation
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein synthesis
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein translation
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein biosynthesis
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein translation
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein anabolism
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein formation
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein synthesis
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, elongation
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, initiation
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, termination
2007-01-15 Updated TERM translation
2007-01-15 Added SYNONYM protein biosynthesis
2007-01-15 Added SYNONYM protein translation
2007-01-15 Added SECONDARY GO:0043037 (translation)
2007-01-09 Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2006-05-04 Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein, rather than of proteins in general.
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein anabolism
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein formation
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein synthesis
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, elongation
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, initiation
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, termination
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM translation
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of a protein, rather than of proteins in general.
2002-02-06 Updated TERM protein biosynthesis
2001-04-03 Updated TERM protein biosynthesis
2001-03-30 Added SYNONYM translation
2001-03-30 Added TERM protein biosynthesis

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2007-01-15 Updated TERM translation
2002-02-06 Updated TERM protein biosynthesis
2001-04-03 Updated TERM protein biosynthesis
2001-03-30 Added TERM protein biosynthesis

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2010-11-24 Deleted DEFINITION The cellular metabolic process by which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.
2010-11-24 Added DEFINITION The cellular metabolic process in which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.
2010-03-11 Added SYNONYM protein biosynthetic process
2009-07-12 Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2009-07-12 Added DEFINITION The cellular metabolic process by which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein anabolism
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein biosynthesis
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein formation
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein synthesis
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM protein translation
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein biosynthesis
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein translation
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein anabolism
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein formation
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM protein synthesis
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, elongation
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, initiation
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, termination
2007-01-15 Added SYNONYM protein biosynthesis
2007-01-15 Added SYNONYM protein translation
2007-01-09 Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein.
2006-05-04 Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein, rather than of proteins in general.
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein anabolism
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein formation
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein synthesis
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, elongation
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, initiation
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM protein-synthesizing GTPase activity, termination
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM translation
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of a protein, rather than of proteins in general.
2001-03-30 Added SYNONYM translation

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2013-08-30 Added RELATION has part GO:0006614 (SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane)
2009-12-19 Added RELATION is a GO:0034645 (cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2009-12-19 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0034961 (cellular biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2008-10-02 Added RELATION is a GO:0034961 (cellular biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2008-10-02 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0043284 (biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2008-10-02 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044249 (cellular biosynthetic process)
2008-10-02 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0034645 (cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-08-14 Added RELATION is a GO:0034645 (cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-08-04 Added RELATION is a GO:0043284 (biopolymer biosynthetic process)
2008-08-04 Deleted RELATION is a GO:0009059 (macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0009059 (macromolecule biosynthetic process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044249 (cellular biosynthetic process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044267 (cellular protein metabolic process)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION part of GO:0010467 (gene expression)

Cross-references

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2009-03-02 Added XREF Wikipedia:Translation_(genetics)

Other

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2011-08-14 Deleted SLIM goslim_yeast
2011-07-31 Deleted SLIM goslim_pombe
2009-05-11 Added SLIM goslim_pombe
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
2007-01-15 Added SECONDARY GO:0043037 (translation)
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