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GO:0005840 ribosome

Term Information

ID GO:0005840
Name ribosome
Ontology Cellular Component
Definition An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.
Secondary IDs GO:0033279
GONUTS GO:0005840 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
related ribosomal RNA
narrow membrane bound ribosome
narrow free ribosome

Taxon Constraints

The use of this term should conform to the following taxon constraints:
Taxon Rule Ancestor GO ID Ancestor GO Term Name Relationship Taxon ID Taxon Reference(s)
GOTAX:0000057 GO:0005623 cell only_in_taxon 131567 cellular organisms
More information on taxon constraints in GO is available here

GO Slims

This term is present in the following GO Consortium-maintained GO slims:
GO slim nameCount of all terms
goslim_metagenomics119
goslim_candida89
goslim_generic149
goslim_pir462
goslim_plant100
goslim_yeast169
goslim_aspergillus85
goslim_chembl309

Cross-references

Database ID
InterPro IPR000039
InterPro IPR000054
InterPro IPR000077
InterPro IPR000110
InterPro IPR000196
InterPro IPR000206
InterPro IPR000218
InterPro IPR000231
InterPro IPR000244
InterPro IPR000266
InterPro IPR000271
InterPro IPR000289
InterPro IPR000307
InterPro IPR000439
InterPro IPR000456
InterPro IPR000473
InterPro IPR000509
InterPro IPR000529
InterPro IPR000530
InterPro IPR000552
InterPro IPR000554
InterPro IPR000589
InterPro IPR000592
InterPro IPR000597
InterPro IPR000630
InterPro IPR000702
InterPro IPR000754
InterPro IPR000851
InterPro IPR000876
InterPro IPR000892
InterPro IPR000911
InterPro IPR000915
InterPro IPR000948
InterPro IPR001021
InterPro IPR001047
InterPro IPR001063
InterPro IPR001141
InterPro IPR001147
InterPro IPR001196
InterPro IPR001197
InterPro IPR001209
InterPro IPR001210
InterPro IPR001266
InterPro IPR001351
InterPro IPR001377
InterPro IPR001380
InterPro IPR001383
InterPro IPR001515
InterPro IPR001569
InterPro IPR001593
InterPro IPR001648
InterPro IPR001684
InterPro IPR001705
InterPro IPR001706
InterPro IPR001780
InterPro IPR001787
InterPro IPR001813
InterPro IPR001848
InterPro IPR001854
InterPro IPR001857
InterPro IPR001859
InterPro IPR001865
InterPro IPR001892
InterPro IPR001911
InterPro IPR001931
InterPro IPR001971
InterPro IPR001975
InterPro IPR001976
InterPro IPR002132
InterPro IPR002136
InterPro IPR002150
InterPro IPR002171
InterPro IPR002222
InterPro IPR002358
InterPro IPR002359
InterPro IPR002363
InterPro IPR002583
InterPro IPR002671
InterPro IPR002672
InterPro IPR002673
InterPro IPR002674
InterPro IPR002675
InterPro IPR002768
InterPro IPR002784
InterPro IPR002906
InterPro IPR003256
InterPro IPR004389
InterPro IPR005290
InterPro IPR005324
InterPro IPR005484
InterPro IPR005485
InterPro IPR005568
InterPro IPR005813
InterPro IPR005822
InterPro IPR005823
InterPro IPR005825
InterPro IPR006032
InterPro IPR006519
InterPro IPR006846
InterPro IPR006924
InterPro IPR007740
InterPro IPR007836
InterPro IPR008195
InterPro IPR008932
InterPro IPR010793
InterPro IPR011331
InterPro IPR011961
InterPro IPR012606
InterPro IPR012607
InterPro IPR012678
InterPro IPR013025
InterPro IPR013810
InterPro IPR014401
InterPro IPR015972
InterPro IPR015973
InterPro IPR015974
InterPro IPR016180
InterPro IPR018130
InterPro IPR018254
InterPro IPR018255
InterPro IPR018256
InterPro IPR018257
InterPro IPR018258
InterPro IPR018259
InterPro IPR018260
InterPro IPR018261
InterPro IPR018262
InterPro IPR018263
InterPro IPR018264
InterPro IPR018265
InterPro IPR018266
InterPro IPR018267
InterPro IPR018268
InterPro IPR018269
InterPro IPR018271
InterPro IPR018273
InterPro IPR018275
InterPro IPR018277
InterPro IPR018278
InterPro IPR018279
InterPro IPR018281
InterPro IPR018282
InterPro IPR018283
InterPro IPR019520
InterPro IPR019906
InterPro IPR019907
InterPro IPR019927
InterPro IPR019928
InterPro IPR019958
InterPro IPR019961
InterPro IPR019970
InterPro IPR019977
InterPro IPR019978
InterPro IPR019979
InterPro IPR019980
InterPro IPR019981
InterPro IPR019984
InterPro IPR019985
InterPro IPR020040
InterPro IPR020052
InterPro IPR020055
InterPro IPR020083
InterPro IPR020526
InterPro IPR020574
InterPro IPR020592
InterPro IPR020594
InterPro IPR020783
InterPro IPR020785
InterPro IPR020798
InterPro IPR020814
InterPro IPR020815
InterPro IPR020919
InterPro IPR020924
InterPro IPR020925
InterPro IPR020926
InterPro IPR020929
InterPro IPR020930
InterPro IPR020939
InterPro IPR021132
InterPro IPR021137
InterPro IPR021138
InterPro IPR022295
InterPro IPR022481
InterPro IPR022666
InterPro IPR022669
InterPro IPR022671
InterPro IPR022804
InterPro IPR023438
InterPro IPR023454
InterPro IPR023518
InterPro IPR023563
InterPro IPR023564
InterPro IPR023571
InterPro IPR023573
InterPro IPR023574
InterPro IPR023575
InterPro IPR023611
InterPro IPR023651
InterPro IPR023654
InterPro IPR023657
InterPro IPR024794
InterPro IPR027491
InterPro IPR027493
InterPro IPR027500
InterPro IPR027534
InterPro IPR027548
InterPro IPR028909
InterPro IPR029751
InterPro IPR030826
InterPro IPR030838
NIF_Subcellular sao1429207766
UniProtKB-KW Ribosomal protein
Wikipedia Ribosome

Replaces

This term can be used instead of these obsolete terms:
GO Identifier GO Term Name Reason
GO:0005566 obsolete ribosomal RNA CONSIDER GO:0005840

Ancestor Chart

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Child Terms

This table lists all terms that are direct descendants (child terms) of GO:0005840:
Relationship To GO:0005840 Child Term Child Term Name
Is a GO:0042788 polysomal ribosome
Is a GO:0000313 organellar ribosome
Is a GO:0022626 cytosolic ribosome
Part of GO:0044391 ribosomal subunit

Protein Annotation

Displaying annotations FIRST to LAST of TOTAL Page size: Additional filters: Bookmarkable link
Database
Gene Product ID
Symbol
Qualifier
GO Identifier
GO Term Name
Aspect
Original GO ID
Original GO Term Name
Evidence
Reference
With
Taxon
Date
Assigned By
Product Form ID
Name
Synonym
Type
Taxon Name
Sequence

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ID Mapping

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If more than one identifier type needs to be used to map all required sequences, drag the selected databases to change the order in which identifiers are found.

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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0005840. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005840 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005840 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2015-06-18 Added RELATION capable of part of GO:0006412 (translation)
2015-05-19 Added SLIM goslim_chembl
2015-05-19 Deleted SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2015-05-11 Added SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_yeast
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-12-13 Added SYNONYM free ribosome
2012-12-13 Added SYNONYM membrane bound ribosome
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-12-18 Deleted SYNONYM ribosomal subunit
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2010-12-12 Added SYNONYM ribosomal subunit
2010-12-12 Added SECONDARY GO:0033279 (ribosomal subunit)
2010-02-04 Added XREF NIF_Subcellular:sao1429207766
2009-02-08 Added XREF Wikipedia:Ribosome
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044444 (cytoplasmic part)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0030529 (ribonucleoprotein complex)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0043232 (intracellular non-membrane-bounded organelle)
2008-02-29 Deleted SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2008-02-29 Added SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.
2002-02-06 Updated TERM ribosome
2001-04-03 Updated TERM ribosome
2001-03-30 Added TERM ribosome

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2002-02-06 Updated TERM ribosome
2001-04-03 Updated TERM ribosome
2001-03-30 Added TERM ribosome

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2012-12-13 Added SYNONYM free ribosome
2012-12-13 Added SYNONYM membrane bound ribosome
2011-12-18 Deleted SYNONYM ribosomal subunit
2010-12-12 Added SYNONYM ribosomal subunit
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.
2008-02-29 Deleted SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2008-02-29 Added SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM ribosomal RNA
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2015-06-18 Added RELATION capable of part of GO:0006412 (translation)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044444 (cytoplasmic part)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0030529 (ribonucleoprotein complex)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0043232 (intracellular non-membrane-bounded organelle)

Cross-references

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2010-02-04 Added XREF NIF_Subcellular:sao1429207766
2009-02-08 Added XREF Wikipedia:Ribosome

Other

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2015-05-19 Added SLIM goslim_chembl
2015-05-19 Deleted SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2015-05-11 Added SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_yeast
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2010-12-12 Added SECONDARY GO:0033279 (ribosomal subunit)
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
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