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GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus

Term Information

ID GO:0005794
Name Golgi apparatus
Ontology Cellular Component
Definition A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
Comment Note that the Golgi apparatus can be located in various places in the cytoplasm. In plants and lower animal cells, the Golgi apparatus exists as many copies of discrete stacks dispersed throughout the cytoplasm, while the Golgi apparatus of interphase mammalian cells is a juxtanuclear, often pericentriolar reticulum, where the discrete Golgi stacks are stitched together to form a compact and interconnected ribbon, sometimes called the Golgi ribbon.
GONUTS GO:0005794 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
exact Golgi complex
broad Golgi
narrow Golgi ribbon

Taxon Constraints

The use of this term should conform to the following taxon constraints:
Taxon Rule Ancestor GO ID Ancestor GO Term Name Relationship Taxon ID Taxon Reference(s)
GOTAX:0000057 GO:0005623 cell only_in_taxon 131567 cellular organisms
GOTAX:0000065 GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus only_in_taxon 2759 Eukaryota
More information on taxon constraints in GO is available here

GO Slims

This term is present in the following GO Consortium-maintained GO slims:
GO slim nameCount of all terms
goslim_metagenomics119
goslim_candida89
goslim_generic149
goslim_pir462
goslim_plant100
goslim_yeast169
goslim_aspergillus85

Cross-references

Database ID
InterPro IPR009121
InterPro IPR009729
InterPro IPR014615
InterPro IPR017105
InterPro IPR017107
InterPro IPR018477
InterPro IPR024858
InterPro IPR026109
InterPro IPR026202
InterPro IPR027326
InterPro IPR027331
InterPro IPR028672
InterPro IPR029161
InterPro IPR029663
InterPro IPR029665
InterPro IPR029666
InterPro IPR029687
InterPro IPR029963
InterPro IPR030226
InterPro IPR030518
InterPro IPR030519
NIF_Subcellular sao451912436
UniProtKB-KW Golgi apparatus
UniProtKB-SubCell Golgi apparatus
Wikipedia Golgi_apparatus

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Child Terms

This table lists all terms that are direct descendants (child terms) of GO:0005794:
Relationship To GO:0005794 Child Term Child Term Name
Part of GO:0044431 Golgi apparatus part
Part of GO:0005802 trans-Golgi network
Part of GO:1990071 TRAPPII protein complex
Part of GO:1990072 TRAPPIII protein complex

Protein Annotation

Displaying annotations FIRST to LAST of TOTAL Page size: Additional filters: Bookmarkable link
Database
Gene Product ID
Symbol
Qualifier
GO Identifier
GO Term Name
Aspect
Original GO ID
Original GO Term Name
Evidence
Reference
With
Taxon
Date
Assigned By
Product Form ID
Name
Synonym
Type
Taxon Name
Sequence

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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0005794. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005794 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005794 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2014-01-24 Added RELATION part of GO:0012505 (endomembrane system)
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_yeast
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2010-02-04 Added XREF NIF_Subcellular:sao451912436
2009-02-08 Added XREF Wikipedia:Golgi_apparatus
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044444 (cytoplasmic part)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0043231 (intracellular membrane-bounded organelle)
2007-09-26 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi
2007-09-26 Added SYNONYM Golgi
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Golgi
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Golgi complex
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2006-01-19 Added SYNONYM Golgi
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM Golgi complex
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi complex
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2003-04-29 Added SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
2002-02-06 Updated TERM Golgi apparatus
2001-04-03 Updated TERM Golgi apparatus
2001-03-30 Added SYNONYM Golgi complex
2001-03-30 Added TERM Golgi apparatus

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2002-02-06 Updated TERM Golgi apparatus
2001-04-03 Updated TERM Golgi apparatus
2001-03-30 Added TERM Golgi apparatus

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
2007-09-26 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi
2007-09-26 Added SYNONYM Golgi
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Golgi
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Golgi complex
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2006-01-19 Added SYNONYM Golgi
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM Golgi complex
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi complex
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2003-04-29 Added SYNONYM Golgi ribbon
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions.
2001-03-30 Added SYNONYM Golgi complex

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2014-01-24 Added RELATION part of GO:0012505 (endomembrane system)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044444 (cytoplasmic part)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0043231 (intracellular membrane-bounded organelle)

Cross-references

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2010-02-04 Added XREF NIF_Subcellular:sao451912436
2009-02-08 Added XREF Wikipedia:Golgi_apparatus

Other

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_yeast
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
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