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GO:0005786 signal recognition particle, endoplasmic reticulum targeting

Term Information

ID GO:0005786
Name signal recognition particle, endoplasmic reticulum targeting
Ontology Cellular Component
Definition A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA. Examples of this component are found in Mus musculus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Arabidopsis thaliana.
Secondary IDs GO:0005855
GONUTS GO:0005786 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
exact SRP
exact signal sequence receptor complex

Taxon Constraints

The use of this term should conform to the following taxon constraints:
Taxon Rule Ancestor GO ID Ancestor GO Term Name Relationship Taxon ID Taxon Reference(s)
GOTAX:0000057 GO:0005623 cell only_in_taxon 131567 cellular organisms
GOTAX:0000064 GO:0005786 signal recognition particle, endoplasmic reticulum targeting only_in_taxon 2759 Eukaryota
More information on taxon constraints in GO is available here

Cross-references

Database ID
InterPro IPR003210
InterPro IPR026258
UniProtKB-KW Signal recognition particle
Wikipedia Signal_recognition_particle

Replaces

This term can be used instead of these obsolete terms:
GO Identifier GO Term Name Reason
GO:0008548 signal-recognition-particle GTPase activity REPLACEDBY GO:0005786

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Child Terms

This table lists all terms that are direct descendants (child terms) of GO:0005786:
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Protein Annotation

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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0005786. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005786 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005786 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2009-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2009-07-11 Added DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA. Examples of this component are found in Mus musculus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Arabidopsis thaliana.
2009-07-11 Deleted DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2009-03-06 Added XREF Wikipedia:Signal_recognition_particle
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0048500 (signal recognition particle)
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM SRP
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM SRP
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM signal-recognition-particle GTPase activity
2007-02-16 Updated DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2007-02-12 Added SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2007-02-12 Updated TERM signal recognition particle, endoplasmic reticulum targeting
2007-01-18 Updated TERM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2007-01-15 Updated TERM signal recognition particle (sensu the Eukaryota research community)
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM signal-recognition-particle GTPase activity
2004-08-14 Updated TERM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2004-08-13 Updated DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM SRP
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM SRP
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2003-11-26 Added SECONDARY GO:0005855 (signal sequence receptor complex)
2003-11-26 Added SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2002-02-06 Updated TERM signal recognition particle
2001-04-03 Updated TERM signal recognition particle
2001-03-30 Added SYNONYM SRP
2001-03-30 Added TERM signal recognition particle

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2007-02-12 Updated TERM signal recognition particle, endoplasmic reticulum targeting
2007-01-18 Updated TERM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2007-01-15 Updated TERM signal recognition particle (sensu the Eukaryota research community)
2004-08-14 Updated TERM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2002-02-06 Updated TERM signal recognition particle
2001-04-03 Updated TERM signal recognition particle
2001-03-30 Added TERM signal recognition particle

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2009-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2009-07-11 Added DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA. Examples of this component are found in Mus musculus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Arabidopsis thaliana.
2009-07-11 Deleted DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM SRP
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM SRP
2007-07-11 Deleted SYNONYM signal-recognition-particle GTPase activity
2007-02-16 Updated DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2007-02-12 Added SYNONYM signal recognition particle (sensu Eukaryota)
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM signal-recognition-particle GTPase activity
2004-08-13 Updated DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM SRP
2004-04-19 Added SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM SRP
2004-04-16 Deleted SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2003-11-26 Added SYNONYM signal sequence receptor complex
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION A ribonucleoprotein particle of 325 kDa composed of a 7S (300 nucleotide) RNA molecule and a complex of six different polypeptides. This binds both to the N-terminal signal peptide for proteins destined for the endoplasmic reticulum as they emerge from the large ribosomal subunit and also to the ribosome. This binding arrests further translation thereby preventing the proteins from being released into the cytosol. The SRP-ribosome complex then diffuses to the endoplasmic reticulum where it is bound to the signal recognition particle receptor, which allows resumption of protein synthesis and facilitates the passage of the growing polypeptide chain through the translocon. Through a process involving GTP hydrolysis, the SRP-SRP receptor complex dissociates and SRP returns to the cytosol. Of the six polypeptides of SRP the 54 kDa subunit (SRP54) is the central player. It contains an N-terminal GTPase domain and a C-terminal domain that binds directly to the signal peptide and the SRP RNA.
2001-03-30 Added SYNONYM SRP

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0048500 (signal recognition particle)

Cross-references

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2009-03-06 Added XREF Wikipedia:Signal_recognition_particle

Other

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2003-11-26 Added SECONDARY GO:0005855 (signal sequence receptor complex)
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