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GO:0005739 mitochondrion

Term Information

ID GO:0005739
Name mitochondrion
Ontology Cellular Component
Definition A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
Comment Some anaerobic or microaerophilic organisms (e.g. Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis and several Microsporidia species) do not have mitochondria, and contain mitochondrion-related organelles (MROs) instead, called mitosomes or hydrogenosomes, very likely derived from mitochondria. To annotate gene products located in these mitochondrial relics in species such as Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis or others, please use GO:0032047 'mitosome' or GO:0042566 'hydrogenosome'. (See PMID:24316280 for a list of species currently known to contain mitochondrion-related organelles.)
GONUTS GO:0005739 Wiki Page

Synonyms

Synonyms are alternative words or phrases closely related in meaning to the term name, with indication of the relationship between the name and synonym given by the synonym scope. Click on the icon for more details.
Type Synonym
exact mitochondria

Taxon Constraints

The use of this term should conform to the following taxon constraints:
Taxon Rule Ancestor GO ID Ancestor GO Term Name Relationship Taxon ID Taxon Reference(s)
GOTAX:0000057 GO:0005623 cell only_in_taxon 131567 cellular organisms
GOTAX:0000060 GO:0005739 mitochondrion only_in_taxon 2759 Eukaryota
More information on taxon constraints in GO is available here

GO Slims

This term is present in the following GO Consortium-maintained GO slims:
GO slim nameCount of all terms
goslim_metagenomics119
goslim_candida89
goslim_generic149
goslim_pir462
goslim_plant100
goslim_yeast169
goslim_aspergillus85
goslim_chembl309

Cross-references

Database ID
InterPro IPR000511
InterPro IPR002399
InterPro IPR003213
InterPro IPR003690
InterPro IPR003977
InterPro IPR005879
InterPro IPR007648
InterPro IPR008381
InterPro IPR008698
InterPro IPR008699
InterPro IPR009062
InterPro IPR009455
InterPro IPR009866
InterPro IPR010313
InterPro IPR010591
InterPro IPR010793
InterPro IPR011241
InterPro IPR012574
InterPro IPR012575
InterPro IPR012576
InterPro IPR012803
InterPro IPR012882
InterPro IPR014367
InterPro IPR014804
InterPro IPR015142
InterPro IPR015833
InterPro IPR015938
InterPro IPR016424
InterPro IPR016586
InterPro IPR016610
InterPro IPR016614
InterPro IPR016861
InterPro IPR017789
InterPro IPR018305
InterPro IPR018437
InterPro IPR018625
InterPro IPR021181
InterPro IPR021653
InterPro IPR025812
InterPro IPR026146
InterPro IPR026148
InterPro IPR026192
InterPro IPR026193
InterPro IPR026223
InterPro IPR027011
InterPro IPR027030
InterPro IPR027089
InterPro IPR027499
InterPro IPR027527
InterPro IPR027998
InterPro IPR028585
InterPro IPR028586
InterPro IPR028882
InterPro IPR029658
InterPro IPR029866
InterPro IPR030020
InterPro IPR030271
InterPro IPR030277
InterPro IPR030847
InterPro IPR030851
InterPro IPR031111
InterPro IPR031298
NIF_Subcellular sao1860313010
UniProtKB-KW Mitochondrion
UniProtKB-SubCell Mitochondrion
Wikipedia Mitochondrion

Replaces

This term can be used instead of these obsolete terms:
GO Identifier GO Term Name Reason
GO:0004241 obsolete alpha-mitochondrial processing peptidase CONSIDER GO:0005739
GO:0004242 obsolete beta-mitochondrial processing peptidase CONSIDER GO:0005739

Ancestor Chart

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Child Terms

This table lists all terms that are direct descendants (child terms) of GO:0005739:
Relationship To GO:0005739 Child Term Child Term Name
Part of GO:0002169 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase complex, mitochondrial
Part of GO:0002187 mitochondrial creatine kinase complex
Part of GO:0005747 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I
Part of GO:0005749 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II, succinate dehydrogenase complex (ubiquinone)
Part of GO:0005750 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III
Part of GO:0005751 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV
Part of GO:0005753 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex
Part of GO:0005754 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase, catalytic core
Part of GO:0005756 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase, central stalk
Part of GO:0005761 mitochondrial ribosome
Part of GO:0005962 mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase complex (NAD+)
Part of GO:0005967 mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex
Occurs in GO:0006264 mitochondrial DNA replication
Occurs in GO:0006390 transcription from mitochondrial promoter
Occurs in GO:0006393 termination of mitochondrial transcription
Occurs in GO:0007006 mitochondrial membrane organization
Part of GO:0009353 mitochondrial oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex
Part of GO:0009841 mitochondrial endopeptidase Clp complex
Is a GO:0016006 Nebenkern
Is a GO:0016007 mitochondrial derivative
Part of GO:0016507 mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation multienzyme complex
Part of GO:0017133 mitochondrial electron transfer flavoprotein complex
Occurs in GO:0019093 mitochondrial RNA localization
Part of GO:0019910 mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) phosphatase complex
Part of GO:0030062 mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme complex
Part of GO:0030678 mitochondrial ribonuclease P complex
Part of GO:0031019 mitochondrial mRNA editing complex
Occurs in GO:0032042 mitochondrial DNA metabolic process
Occurs in GO:0032043 mitochondrial DNA catabolic process
Occurs in GO:0032543 mitochondrial translation
Occurs in GO:0033615 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly
Occurs in GO:0033617 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV assembly
Part of GO:0034245 mitochondrial DNA-directed RNA polymerase complex
Occurs in GO:0034551 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III assembly
Occurs in GO:0034553 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II assembly
Occurs in GO:0034982 mitochondrial protein processing
Occurs in GO:0035694 mitochondrial protein catabolic process
Part of GO:0042645 mitochondrial nucleoid
Occurs in GO:0042775 mitochondrial ATP synthesis coupled electron transport
Occurs in GO:0042776 mitochondrial ATP synthesis coupled proton transport
Part of GO:0043294 mitochondrial glutamate synthase complex (NADH)
Occurs in GO:0043504 mitochondrial DNA repair
Part of GO:0044429 mitochondrial part
Part of GO:0045244 succinate-CoA ligase complex (GDP-forming)
Occurs in GO:0051560 mitochondrial calcium ion homeostasis
Occurs in GO:0051882 mitochondrial depolarization
Occurs in GO:0070143 mitochondrial alanyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070144 mitochondrial arginyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070145 mitochondrial asparaginyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070146 mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070147 mitochondrial cysteinyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070148 mitochondrial glutaminyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070149 mitochondrial glutamyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070150 mitochondrial glycyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070151 mitochondrial histidyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070152 mitochondrial isoleucyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070153 mitochondrial leucyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070154 mitochondrial lysyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070155 mitochondrial methionyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070156 mitochondrial phenylalanyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070157 mitochondrial prolyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070158 mitochondrial seryl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070159 mitochondrial threonyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070183 mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070184 mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070185 mitochondrial valyl-tRNA aminoacylation
Occurs in GO:0070899 mitochondrial tRNA wobble uridine modification
Occurs in GO:0070900 mitochondrial tRNA modification
Occurs in GO:0070901 mitochondrial tRNA methylation
Occurs in GO:0070902 mitochondrial tRNA pseudouridine synthesis
Occurs in GO:0070903 mitochondrial tRNA thio-modification
Occurs in GO:0072656 maintenance of protein location in mitochondrion
Occurs in GO:0072684 mitochondrial tRNA 3'-trailer cleavage, endonucleolytic
Occurs in GO:0080156 mitochondrial mRNA modification
Occurs in GO:0090615 mitochondrial mRNA processing
Occurs in GO:0090616 mitochondrial mRNA 3'-end processing
Occurs in GO:0097222 mitochondrial mRNA polyadenylation
Part of GO:0098798 mitochondrial protein complex
Occurs in GO:1900864 mitochondrial RNA modification
Occurs in GO:2000827 mitochondrial RNA surveillance
Occurs in GO:0000957 mitochondrial RNA catabolic process
Occurs in GO:0000958 mitochondrial mRNA catabolic process
Occurs in GO:0000959 mitochondrial RNA metabolic process
Occurs in GO:0000963 mitochondrial RNA processing
Occurs in GO:0000964 mitochondrial RNA 5'-end processing
Occurs in GO:0000965 mitochondrial RNA 3'-end processing
Occurs in GO:0070124 mitochondrial translational initiation
Occurs in GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation
Occurs in GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination
Occurs in GO:0090139 mitochondrial DNA packaging
Occurs in GO:0090144 mitochondrial nucleoid organization
Occurs in GO:1990613 mitochondrial membrane fusion
Part of GO:0005947 mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex
Part of GO:0000262 mitochondrial chromosome
Part of GO:0000274 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase, stator stalk
Part of GO:0000275 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex, catalytic core F(1)
Part of GO:0000276 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex, coupling factor F(o)
Occurs in GO:1990180 mitochondrial tRNA 3'-end processing

Protein Annotation

Displaying annotations FIRST to LAST of TOTAL Page size: Additional filters: Bookmarkable link
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GO Identifier
GO Term Name
Aspect
Original GO ID
Original GO Term Name
Evidence
Reference
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Date
Assigned By
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Name
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Co-occurring Terms

These tables show the number of times the term listed in the table has been co-annotated with GO:0005739. The terms are listed in descending order of number of times the term has been co-annotated.
The table on the left is calculated using both electronic and manual-evidenced annotations, while the table on the right is calculated using only manual-evidenced annotations.
Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005739 based on the entire annotation set Co-occurrence statistics for GO:0005739 based on non-IEA annotations only

Change Log

All changes

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2015-05-19 Deleted SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2015-05-19 Added SLIM goslim_chembl
2015-05-11 Added SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_yeast
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-11-09 Added RELATION has part GO:0097423 (mitochondrion-associated adherens complex)
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2010-02-04 Added XREF NIF_Subcellular:sao1860313010
2009-02-05 Added XREF Wikipedia:Mitochondrion
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0043231 (intracellular membrane-bounded organelle)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044444 (cytoplasmic part)
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM mitochondria
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM mitochondria
2006-02-09 Added SYNONYM mitochondria
2005-09-05 Deleted SYNONYM alpha-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2005-09-05 Deleted SYNONYM beta-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM alpha-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM beta-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
2002-02-06 Updated TERM mitochondrion
2001-04-03 Updated TERM mitochondrion
2001-03-30 Added TERM mitochondrion

Term

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2002-02-06 Updated TERM mitochondrion
2001-04-03 Updated TERM mitochondrion
2001-03-30 Added TERM mitochondrion

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 Added DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
2008-05-12 Deleted DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
2007-08-09 Added SYNONYM mitochondria
2007-08-09 Deleted SYNONYM mitochondria
2006-02-09 Added SYNONYM mitochondria
2005-09-05 Deleted SYNONYM alpha-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2005-09-05 Deleted SYNONYM beta-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM alpha-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2005-08-10 Added SYNONYM beta-mitochondrial processing peptidase
2002-11-27 Added DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.

Relationships

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2012-11-09 Added RELATION has part GO:0097423 (mitochondrion-associated adherens complex)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0043231 (intracellular membrane-bounded organelle)
2008-04-01 Updated RELATION is a GO:0044444 (cytoplasmic part)

Cross-references

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2010-02-04 Added XREF NIF_Subcellular:sao1860313010
2009-02-05 Added XREF Wikipedia:Mitochondrion

Other

Timestamp Action Category Detail
2015-05-19 Deleted SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2015-05-19 Added SLIM goslim_chembl
2015-05-11 Added SLIM goslim_ChEMBL
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_yeast
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_plant
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_pir
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_generic
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_candida
2013-04-18 Updated SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2012-02-17 Added SLIM goslim_metagenomics
2011-11-05 Added SLIM goslim_aspergillus
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_yeast
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_plant
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_pir
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_generic
2008-06-09 Added SLIM goslim_candida
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