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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2010-12-17

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2010-12-17 GO:0090396 leaf papilla Added TERM leaf papilla
2010-12-17 GO:0090397 stigma papilla Added TERM stigma papilla
2010-12-17 GO:2000285 obsolete negative regulation of regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential Added TERM negative regulation of regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential
2010-12-17 GO:2000286 receptor internalization involved in canonical Wnt signaling pathway Added TERM receptor internalization involved in canonical Wnt receptor signaling pathway
2010-12-17 GO:0031980 mitochondrial lumen Deleted TERM mitochondrial lumen
2010-12-17 GO:0048774 cyanophore differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a cyanophore cell. Cyanophores are pigment cells derived from the neural crest. They contain a blue pigment of unknown chemical composition. The pigment is stored in fibrous organelles termed cyanosomes.
2010-12-17 GO:0048886 neuromast hair cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuromast hair cell. Hair cells are the sensory receptors of the neuromast and are located in a portion of the neuromast called the sensory strip. Each hair cell of the neuromast is morphologically polarized as a result of the relative position of the single kinocilium and the clusters of stereocilia on its apical surface. There are approximately seven hair cells within each neuromast, with each hair cell innervated by afferent and efferent neurons.
2010-12-17 GO:0048905 anterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an anterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell. Mantle cells are non-sensory cells that surround the sensory strip, separating the neuromast from the epidermis. Mantle cells secrete the cupula in which the ciliary bundles of all of the hair cells are embedded.
2010-12-17 GO:0048906 anterior lateral line neuromast support cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an anterior lateral line neuromast support cell. Support cells are non-sensory cells of the neuromast that extend between the sensory hair cells from the basement membrane to the apical surface; they are surrounded by mantle cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0050934 late stripe melanocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a late stripe melanocyte (LSM). In zebrafish, LSMs develop during the second phase (3-4 weeks of development) of the larva-to-adult transition (2-4 weeks of development).
2010-12-17 GO:0051295 establishment of meiotic spindle localization Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the directed movement of the meiotic spindle to a specific location in the cell occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0030154 cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0031149 sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sorocarp stalk cell, any of the cellulose-covered cells that form the stalk of a sorocarp. An example of this process is found in Dictyostelium discoideum.
2010-12-17 GO:0032121 meiotic attachment of telomeric heterochromatin to spindle pole body Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which physical connections are formed between telomeres and the spindle pole body, facilitating bouquet formation.
2010-12-17 GO:0034755 iron ion transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which an iron ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0035026 leading edge cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of leading edge cells, cells at the front of a migrating epithelial sheet.
2010-12-17 GO:0035349 coenzyme A transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which coenzyme A is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, is an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2010-12-17 GO:0035461 vitamin transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which a vitamin is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. A vitamin is one of a number of unrelated organic substances that occur in many foods in small amounts and that are necessary in trace amounts for the normal metabolic functioning of the body.
2010-12-17 GO:0060487 lung epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell that contributes to the epithelium of the lung.
2010-12-17 GO:0060490 lateral sprouting involved in lung morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a branch forms along the side of the lung epithelial tube.
2010-12-17 GO:0060921 sinoatrial node cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sinoatrial (SA) node cell. SA node cells are pacemaker cells that are found in the sinoatrial node.
2010-12-17 GO:0060947 cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell. A cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell covers the heart vasculature and lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0060983 epicardium-derived cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell derived from the epicardium acquires specialized features of a cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell. A cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell covers the heart vasculature and lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0061239 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation involved in mesonephric nephron morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal stem cell that contributes to the shaping of a nephronin the mesonephros. A mesenchymal stem cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0061266 mesonephric interstitial fibroblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the interstitial cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0070574 cadmium ion transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which a cadmium ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0071577 zinc II ion transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which a zinc ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0072043 regulation of pre-tubular aggregate formation by cell-cell signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that mediates the transfer of information from one cell to another that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of pre-tubular aggregate formation. Pre-tubular aggregate formation is the cell adhesion process in which mammary mesenchyme cells adhere to one another in the initial stages of the formation of the pre-tubular aggregate, the earliest recognizable structure of the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072082 specification of proximal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the proximal tubule of the kidney nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072092 ureteric bud invasion Added DEFINITION The process in which the ureteric bud grows along its axis and contributes to the formation of the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072132 mesenchyme morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a mesenchymal tissue are generated and organized. A mesenchymal tissue is made up of loosely packed stellate cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072168 specification of anterior mesonephric tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules of the anterior mesonephros acquire their identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072188 metanephric cap specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the metanephric cap acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072202 cell differentiation involved in metanephros development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072251 metanephric juxtaglomerulus cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the juxtaglomerulus cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0014918 obsolete positive regulation of natriuresis by pressure natriuresis Added DEFINITION The process in which pressure natriuresis increases rate of natriuresis.
2010-12-17 GO:0021514 ventral spinal cord interneuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of ventral spinal cord interneurons. Ventral spinal cord interneurons are cells located in the ventral portion of the spinal cord that transmit signals between sensory and motor neurons and are required for reflexive responses. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021527 spinal cord association neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of association neurons. Association neurons are cells located in the dorsal portion of the spinal cord that integrate sensory input. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021708 Lugaro cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature Lugaro cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a Lugaro cell fate. A Lugaro cell is an inhibitory GABAergic interneuron found in the cerebellar cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0021773 striatal medium spiny neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a medium spiny neuron residing in the striatum.
2010-12-17 GO:0021862 early neuron differentiation in forebrain Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of neurons. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021887 hypothalamus gonadotrophin-releasing hormone neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a hypothalamus neuron that releases gonadotrophin-releasing hormone.
2010-12-17 GO:0022023 radial glial cell fate commitment in forebrain Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a radial glial cell in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0022620 vegetative cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a vegetative cell. The vegetative cell is gives rise to the pollen tube.
2010-12-17 GO:0023006 obsolete signal initiation by amino acid Added DEFINITION The process in which an amino acid signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0023045 signal transduction by conformational transition Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is conveyed via a conformational transition.
2010-12-17 GO:0023047 obsolete signal initiation by chemical mediator Added DEFINITION The process in which a chemical signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0023052 signaling Added DEFINITION The entirety of a process in which information is transmitted. This process begins with the initiation of the signal and ends when a response has been triggered.
2010-12-17 GO:0030855 epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell, any of the cells making up an epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0030999 linear element assembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which a proteinaceous scaffold, related to the synaptonemal complex, is assembled in association with S. pombe chromosomes during meiotic prophase.
2010-12-17 GO:0032887 regulation of spindle elongation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cell cycle process in which the distance is lengthened between poles of the spindle.
2010-12-17 GO:0035348 acetyl-CoA transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which acetyl-CoA is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Acetyl-CoA is a derivative of coenzyme A in which the sulfhydryl group is acetylated; it is a metabolite derived from several pathways (e.g. glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, amino-acid catabolism) and is further metabolized by the tricarboxylic acid cycle. It is a key intermediate in lipid and terpenoid biosynthesis.
2010-12-17 GO:0035352 NAD transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore; transport may be of either the oxidized form, NAD, or the reduced form, NADH.
2010-12-17 GO:0035378 carbon dioxide transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which carbon dioxide (CO2) is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0035559 obsolete MAPKKK cascade involved in epidermal growth factor receptor signaling Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is passed from the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to components of the MAPKKK cascade, which become activated themselves to further propagate the signal and finally trigger a change in the function or state of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043133 hindgut contraction Added DEFINITION A process in which force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the hindgut. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The hindgut is the posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and the large intestine.
2010-12-17 GO:0072492 host cell mitochondrial intermembrane space Added TERM host cell mitochondrial intermembrane space
2010-12-17 GO:0072493 host cell endosome lumen Added TERM host cell endosome lumen
2010-12-17 GO:0072494 host multivesicular body Added TERM host multivesicular body
2010-12-17 GO:0072495 host cell Cajal body Added TERM host cell Cajal body
2010-12-17 GO:0072496 Pup transferase activity Added TERM Pup ligase activity
2010-12-17 GO:0072497 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation Added TERM mesenchymal stem cell differentiation
2010-12-17 GO:0072498 embryonic skeletal joint development Added TERM embryonic skeletal joint development
2010-12-17 GO:0072499 photoreceptor cell axon guidance Added TERM photoreceptor cell axon guidance
2010-12-17 GO:0090394 negative regulation of excitatory postsynaptic potential Added TERM negative regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential
2010-12-17 GO:0051760 meiotic sister chromatid cohesion, arms Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the sister chromatids of a replicated chromosome are joined along the length of the chromosome arms during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0051892 negative regulation of cardioblast differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cardioblast differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized mesodermal cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-17 GO:0060447 bud outgrowth involved in lung branching Added DEFINITION The process in which a region of the lung epithelium initiates an outgrowth.
2010-12-17 GO:0090395 plant cell papilla Added TERM plant cell papilla
2010-12-17 GO:0060680 lateral sprouting involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a branch forms along the side of a ureteric bud.
2010-12-17 GO:0060686 negative regulation of prostatic bud formation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of prostatic bud formation, the morphogenetic process in which a region of the fetal urogenital sinus epithelium is specified to become the prostate, resulting in prostate bud outgrowth.
2010-12-17 GO:0060689 cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the salivary gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0060842 arterial endothelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized endothelial cell acquires specialized features of an arterial endothelial cell, a thin flattened cell that lines the inside surfaces of arteries.
2010-12-17 GO:0060891 limb granular cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a limb epidermal granular cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0060920 cardiac pacemaker cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a pacemaker cell. Pacemaker cells are specialized cardiomyocytes that are responsible for regulating the timing of heart contractions.
2010-12-17 GO:0009557 antipodal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which an uncellularized nucleus cellularizes and acquires the specialized features of an antipodal cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0009913 epidermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epidermal cell, any of the cells making up the epidermis.
2010-12-17 GO:0009920 cell plate formation involved in plant-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the cell plate is formed at the equator of the spindle in the dividing cells during early telophase. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-17 GO:0010755 regulation of plasminogen activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of plasminogen activation. Plasminogen activation is the process in which plasminogen is processed to plasmin.
2010-12-17 GO:0010756 positive regulation of plasminogen activation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of plasminogen activation. Plasminogen activation is the process in which plasminogen is processed to plasmin.
2010-12-17 GO:0010772 meiotic DNA recombinase assembly involved in reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form higher order oligomers on single-stranded DNA resulting in meiotic recombination. Meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0010775 meiotic strand invasion involved in meiotic gene conversion Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate resulting in meiotic recombination.
2010-12-17 GO:0010830 regulation of myotube differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of myotube differentiation. Myotube differentiation is the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a myotube cell. Myotubes are multinucleated cells that are formed when proliferating myoblasts exit the cell cycle, differentiate and fuse.
2010-12-17 GO:0014007 negative regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014033 neural crest cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neural crest cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014813 skeletal muscle satellite cell commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a satellite cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014816 skeletal muscle satellite cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a satellite cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075325 spore dispersal on or near host Added DEFINITION Any process in which a symbiont disseminates its spores, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0080001 mucilage extrusion from seed coat Added DEFINITION The process in which seed mucilage expands through hydration and breaks the outer cell wall that encapsulates the whole seed upon imbibition. Mucilage, mainly composed of pectins, is formed during seed development and deposited into the apoplast underneath the outer wall of the seed coat.
2010-12-17 GO:0080058 protein deglutathionylation Added DEFINITION The protein modification process in which a glutathione molecule is removed from a protein amino acid by breaking a disulfide linkage.
2010-12-17 GO:0085023 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology via protein secreted by type VII secretion system Added DEFINITION The process in which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of its host organism, mediated by a substance secreted by a type VII secretion system in the organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0085024 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology via protein secreted by Sec complex Added DEFINITION The process in which an organism (symbiont) effects a change in the structure or function of its host organism, mediated by a substance secreted by the Sec complex in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0090173 regulation of synaptonemal complex assembly Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of synaptonemal complex assembly. Synaptonemal complex assembly is the cell cycle process in which the synaptonemal complex, a structure that holds paired chromosomes together during prophase I of meiosis and that promotes genetic recombination, is formed.
2010-12-17 GO:0090296 regulation of mitochondrial DNA replication Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of the process in which new strands of DNA are synthesized in the mitochondrion.
2010-12-17 GO:0090392 sepal giant cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sepal giant cell. A sepal giant cell is a pavement cell that is part of the sepal epidermis and stretches one fifth the length of the sepal with a chromosome content of 16C.
2010-12-17 GO:0090397 stigma papilla Added DEFINITION A plant cell papilla that is part of a stigma papilla cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0003094 glomerular filtration Added DEFINITION The process in which plasma is filtered through the glomerular membrane which consists of capillary endothelial cells, the basement membrane, and epithelial cells. The glomerular filtrate is the same as plasma except it has no significant amount of protein.
2010-12-17 GO:0003311 pancreatic D cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and functional features that characterize a pancreatic delta cell. A delta cell is a cell of the pancreas that produces somatostatin.
2010-12-17 GO:0003348 cardiac endothelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardiac endothelial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0003398 glial cell differentiation involved in amphid sensory organ development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a glial cell of the amphid sensory organ.
2010-12-17 GO:0006264 mitochondrial DNA replication Added DEFINITION The process in which new strands of DNA are synthesized in the mitochondrion.
2010-12-17 GO:0007087 mitotic nuclear pore complex reassembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which nuclear pore complexes reform during mitotic cell division.
2010-12-17 GO:0007147 female meiosis II Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the second meiotic division occurs in the female germline.
2010-12-17 GO:0007165 signal transduction Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is converted into a form where it can ultimately trigger a change in the state or activity of a cell. A signal is a physical entity or change in state that is used to transfer information in order to trigger a response.
2010-12-17 GO:0007465 R7 cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the R7 photoreceptor commits to its cell fate. The R7 receptor contributes the central part of the rhabdomere in the apical parts of the ommatidium.
2010-12-17 GO:0001923 B-1 B cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a hemopoietic stem cell acquires the specialized features of a B-1 B cell. B-1 B cells are a distinct subset of B cells characterized as being CD5 positive, found predominantly in the peritoneum, pleural cavities, and spleen, and enriched for self-reactivity.
2010-12-17 GO:0001949 sebaceous gland cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized epidermal cell acquires the specialized features of a sebaceous gland cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002097 tRNA wobble base modification Added DEFINITION The process in which the nucleotide at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2010-12-17 GO:0043147 meiotic spindle stabilization Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which spindle integrity is maintained during M phase of meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0048371 lateral mesodermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a lateral mesoderm cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0048392 intermediate mesodermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an intermediate mesoderm cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0048626 myoblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a myoblast cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0048762 mesenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell. A mesenchymal cell is a loosely associated cell that is part of the connective tissue in an organism. Mesenchymal cells give rise to more mature connective tissue cell types.
2010-12-17 GO:0048824 pigment cell precursor differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a pigment cell precursor.
2010-12-17 GO:0048867 stem cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a stem cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-17 GO:0048924 posterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a posterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell. (N.B. This may be development of neuromast mantle cell type or a set of cells of neuromast mantle cell type. This will involve the change of a cell or set of cells from one cell identity to another). Mantle cells are non-sensory cells that surround the sensory strip, separating the neuromast from the epidermis. Mantle cells secrete the cupula in which the ciliary bundles of all of the hair cells are embedded.
2010-12-17 GO:0050933 early stripe melanocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of an early stripe melanocyte (ESM). In zebrafish, ESMs develop during the first phase (2-3 weeks of development) of the larva to adult transition (2-4 weeks of development).
2010-12-17 GO:0051145 smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell; smooth muscle lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers and are almost always involuntary.
2010-12-17 GO:0060685 regulation of prostatic bud formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of prostatic bud formation, the morphogenetic process in which a region of the fetal urogenital sinus epithelium is specified to become the prostate, resulting in prostate bud outgrowth.
2010-12-17 GO:0051311 meiotic metaphase plate congression Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which chromosomes are aligned at the metaphase plate, a plane halfway between the poles of the meiotic spindle, during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0051754 meiotic sister chromatid cohesion, centromeric Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which centromeres of sister chromatids are joined during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0051756 meiotic sister chromatid centromere separation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the centromeres of sister chromatids are physically detached from each other during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0060127 prolactin secreting cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a prolactin secreting cell. A prolactin secreting cell is an acidophilic cell of the anterior pituitary that produces prolactin.
2010-12-17 GO:0060225 positive regulation of retinal rod cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a retinal rod cell. A retinal rod cell is one of the two photoreceptor subtypes in a camera-type eye.
2010-12-17 GO:0060379 cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac myoblast. A cardiac myoblast is a precursor cell that has been committed to a cardiac muscle cell fate but retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life.
2010-12-17 GO:0044010 single-species biofilm formation Added DEFINITION A process in which microorganisms of the same species attach to and grow on a surface such, and produce extracellular polymers that facilitate attachment and matrix formation, resulting in an alteration in the phenotype of the organisms with respect to growth rate and gene transcription.
2010-12-17 GO:0045128 negative regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0045141 meiotic telomere clustering Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the dynamic reorganization of telomeres occurs in early meiotic prophase, during which meiotic chromosome ends are gathered in a bouquet arrangement at the inner surface of the nuclear envelope proximal to the spindle pole body. This plays an important role in homologous chromosome pairing and therefore progression through meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0045144 meiotic sister chromatid segregation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which sister chromatids are organized and then physically separated and randomly apportioned to two sets during the second division of the meiotic cell cycle.
2010-12-17 GO:0046632 alpha-beta T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of an alpha-beta T cell. An alpha-beta T cell is a T cell that expresses an alpha-beta T cell receptor complex.
2010-12-17 GO:0048600 oocyte fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an oocyte.
2010-12-17 GO:0048665 neuron fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a neuron in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-17 GO:0048760 plant parenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a parenchymal cell. Parenchymal cells are the most abundant and versatile cells in plants. They have very few distinguishing characteristics and botanists classify them as any cell type that cannot be assigned to any other structural or functional class. They can redifferentiate and dedifferentiate and are involved in storage, basic metabolism and other processes. The cells are polyhedral, typically with thin, non-lignified cellulose cell walls and nucleate living protoplasm. They vary in size, form, and wall structure.
2010-12-17 GO:0014831 gastro-intestinal system smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process in which force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the gastro-intestinal system. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The gastro-intestinal system generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the mouth to anus, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (liver, pancreas and biliary tract).
2010-12-17 GO:0019184 nonribosomal peptide biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The biosynthetic process in which peptide bond formation occurs in the absence of the translational machinery. Examples include the synthesis of antibiotic peptides, and glutathione.
2010-12-17 GO:0021525 lateral motor column neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which differentiating motor neurons in the neural tube acquire the specialized structural and/or functional features of lateral motor column neurons. Lateral motor column neurons are generated only on limb levels and send axons into the limb mesenchyme. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021526 medial motor column neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which differentiating motor neurons in the neural tube acquire the specialized structural and/or functional features of medial motor column neurons. Medial motor column neurons are generated at all rostrocaudal levels and send axons to the axial muscles (medial group) and to the body wall muscles (lateral group). Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021531 spinal cord radial glial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the ventral neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of radial glial cells. Radial cell precursors differentiate into both neuronal cell types and mature radial glial cells. Mature radial glial cells regulate the axon growth and pathfinding processes that occur during white matter patterning of the developing spinal cord. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021702 cerebellar Purkinje cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature cerebellar Purkinje cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a Purkinje cell fate. A Purkinje cell is an inhibitory GABAergic neuron found in the cerebellar cortex that projects to the deep cerebellar nuclei and brain stem.
2010-12-17 GO:0021710 cerebellar stellate cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature cerebellar stellate cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a cerebellar stellate cell fate. A cerebellar stellate cell is an inhibitory GABAergic interneuron found in the cerebellar cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0021859 pyramidal neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a neuroblast or one of its progeny commits to a pyramidal neuron fate, migrates from the ventricular zone to the appropriate layer in the cortex and develops into a mature neuron.
2010-12-17 GO:0021877 forebrain neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron that resides in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0021878 forebrain astrocyte fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an astrocyte that resides in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0021893 cerebral cortex GABAergic interneuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a neuroblast becomes restricted such that it will develop into a GABAergic interneuron residing in the cerebral cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0023054 obsolete signal initiation by stretch effect Added DEFINITION The process in which a stretch signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0023068 obsolete signal transmission via phloem Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is conveyed via the phloem.
2010-12-17 GO:0040001 establishment of mitotic spindle localization Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the directed movement of the mitotic spindle to a specific location in the cell occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0042093 T-helper cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized thymocyte acquires specialized features of a T-helper cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0042491 auditory receptor cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an auditory hair cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043367 CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized T cell acquires specialized features of a mature CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043374 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized T cell acquires specialized features of a mature CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072297 specification of metanephric proximal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the proximal tubule of the metanephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072312 metanephric glomerular epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a metanephric glomerular epithelial cell. Metanephric glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the metanephric glomerulus; there are two types, metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells and metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072315 metanephric glomerular epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a metanephric glomerular epithelial cell. Metanephric glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the metanephric glomerulus; there are two types, metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells and metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072499 photoreceptor cell axon guidance Added DEFINITION The chemotaxis process that directs the migration of a photoreceptor cell axon growth cone to its target in the optic lobe in response to a combination of attractive and repulsive cues.
2010-12-17 GO:0075035 maturation of appressorium on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which specialized features of the symbiont appressorium are acquired post initiation, to aid in infection of the host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075058 modulation of symbiont penetration peg initiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of penetration peg initiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell start to acquire the characteristics of a mature penetration peg when the symbiont penetrates its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075081 modulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075086 negative regulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075089 negative regulation by host of symbiont G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075090 modulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075094 positive regulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075104 positive regulation by host of symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075107 positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase activity Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the host adenylate cyclase activity, which involves catalysis of the reaction: ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075109 modulation by symbiont of host receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The receptor is defined as a protein on the cell membrane or within the cytoplasm or cell nucleus that binds to a specific molecule (a ligand) such as a neurotransmitter or a hormone or other substance, and initiates the cellular response to the ligand. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075111 negative regulation by symbiont of host receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075149 negative regulation of signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075178 positive regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075181 positive regulation of symbiont transcription in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its transcription as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075183 infection cushion formation on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which an organized mass of hyphae is formed on or near the host organism, and numerous infective hyphae develop from the hyphae mass. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075209 positive regulation by symbiont of host cAMP-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075244 regulation of oospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of oospore formation, a process in which male and female gametangia develop and fuse to form a thick-walled resting spore of oomycetes.
2010-12-17 GO:0075248 regulation of aeciospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of aeciospore formation, a process in which a dikaryotic spore of typically a rust fungus is produced in an aecium.
2010-12-17 GO:0075261 positive regulation of spore-bearing organ development Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of spore-bearing organ development, a process in which hyphae grow into special aggregates called fruiting bodies that produce new spores.
2010-12-17 GO:0002098 tRNA wobble uridine modification Added DEFINITION The process in which a uridine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2010-12-17 GO:0002130 wobble position ribose methylation Added DEFINITION The process in which the ribose base of the nucleotide at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally methylated at the 2'O position.
2010-12-17 GO:0002132 wobble position uridine ribose methylation Added DEFINITION The process in which the ribose of uridine at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally methylated at the 2'-O position.
2010-12-17 GO:0002268 follicular dendritic cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a follicular dendritic cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002315 marginal zone B cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a B cell in the spleen acquires the specialized features of a marginal zone B cell. Marginal zone B cells are localized in a distinct anatomical region of the spleen that represents the major antigen-filtering and scavenging area (by specialized macrophages resident there). It appears that they are preselected to express a BCR repertoire similar to B-1 B cells, biased toward bacterial cell wall constituents and senescent self-components (such as oxidized LDL).
2010-12-17 GO:0002521 leukocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized hemopoietic precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a leukocyte. A leukocyte is an achromatic cell of the myeloid or lymphoid lineages capable of ameboid movement, found in blood or other tissue.
2010-12-17 GO:0003010 voluntary skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process in which force is generated within voluntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the voluntary skeletal muscle, the muscle contraction takes advantage of an ordered sarcomeric structure and it is under voluntary control. Voluntary skeletal muscle is skeletal muscle that is under conscious control.
2010-12-17 GO:0060690 epithelial cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of an epithelial cell of the salivary gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0060889 limb basal epidermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a limb epidermal basal cell. A epidermal basal cell cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into more specialized cell of the limb epidermis.
2010-12-17 GO:0060942 neural crest-derived cardiac fibroblast cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a neural crest cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardiac fibroblast. A cardiac fibroblast is a connective tissue cell in the heart which secretes an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
2010-12-17 GO:0061046 regulation of branching involved in lung morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of the process in which a highly ordered sequence of patterning events generates the branched structures of the lung, consisting of reiterated combinations of bud outgrowth, elongation, and dichotomous subdivision of terminal units.
2010-12-17 GO:0061100 lung neuroendocrine cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuroendocrine cell of the lung epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0061130 pancreatic bud formation Added DEFINITION The morphogenetic process in which the foregut region specified to become the pancreas forms a bud.
2010-12-17 GO:0072161 mesenchymal cell differentiation involved in kidney development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesenchymal cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072193 ureter smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell in the ureter.
2010-12-17 GO:0072276 metanephric glomerulus vasculature morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the metanephric glomerulus vasculature are generated and organized. The metanephric glomerulus vasculature is composed of the tubule structures that carry blood or lymph in the metanephric glomerulus.
2010-12-17 GO:0072282 metanephric nephron tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a metanephric nephron tubule are generated and organized. A metanephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the metanephric nephron, the functional part of the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072495 host cell Cajal body Added DEFINITION A class of nuclear body in the eukaryotic host cell, first seen after silver staining by Ramon y Cajal in 1903, enriched in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins, and certain general RNA polymerase II transcription factors; ultrastructurally, they appear as a tangle of coiled, electron-dense threads roughly 0.5 micrometers in diameter; involved in aspects of snRNP biogenesis; the protein coilin serves as a marker for Cajal bodies. Some argue that Cajal bodies are the sites for preassembly of transcriptosomes, unitary particles involved in transcription and processing of RNA. The host is the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075033 septum formation involved in appressorium formation on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which a symbiont partition is formed to separate the appressorium from the germination tube, occurring on or near the exterior of its host organism during appressorium formation. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060508 lung basal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of a mature basal cell found in the lung. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate. A basal cell is an epithelial stem cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0060524 dichotomous subdivision of prostate epithelial cord terminal unit Added DEFINITION The process in which a prostate epithelial cord bifurcates at its end.
2010-12-17 GO:0060601 lateral sprouting from an epithelium Added DEFINITION The process in which a branch forms along the side of an epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0060642 white fat cell differentiation involved in mammary gland fat development Added DEFINITION The process in which a preadipocyte acquires specialized features of a white adipocyte of the mammary gland. White adipocytes have cytoplasmic lipids arranged in a unique vacuole.
2010-12-17 GO:0075113 positive regulation by symbiont of host transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075125 positive regulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075126 negative regulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075127 modulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075129 negative regulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075148 positive regulation of signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075151 positive regulation of receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075155 negative regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075161 negative regulation of G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075177 regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075182 negative regulation of symbiont transcription in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its transcription as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075191 autophagy of host cells on or near symbiont surface Added DEFINITION The process in which the host cells digest parts of their own cytoplasm, occurring when the host is on or near its symbiont surface. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075206 positive regulation by host of symbiont cAMP-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075212 positive regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075286 regulation of sporangiospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of sporangiospore formation, a process in which sporangiospores, a type of asexual spore found in fungi, are formed. Sporangiospores are formed within sac-like structure, the sporangium, following the division of the cytoplasm.
2010-12-17 GO:0075291 positive regulation of aplanospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of aplanospore formation, a process in which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075292 negative regulation of aplanospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of aplanospore formation, a process in which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075296 positive regulation of ascospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of ascospore formation, a process in which a sexual spore, named ascospore, from Ascomycete fungi was produced inside an ascus.
2010-12-17 GO:0019645 anaerobic electron transport chain Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby a series of electron carriers operate together to transfer electrons from donors such as NADH and FADH2 to any of several different terminal electron acceptors other than oxygen to generate a transmembrane electrochemical gradient.
2010-12-17 GO:0003094 glomerular filtration Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby plasma is filtered through the glomerular membrane which consists of capillary endothelial cells, the basement membrane, and epithelial cells. The glomerular filtrate is the same as plasma except it has no significant amount of protein.
2010-12-17 GO:0048923 posterior lateral line neuromast hair cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a posterior lateral line neuromast hair cell. (N.B. This may be development of neuromast hair cell type or a set of cell of neuromast hair cell type. This will involve the change of a cell or set of cells from one cell identity to another). Hair cells are the sensory receptors of the neuromast and are located in a portion of the neuromast called the sensory strip. Each hair cell of the neuromast is morphologically polarized as a result of the relative position of the single kinocilium and the clusters of stereocilia on its apical surface. There are approximately seven hair cells within each neuromast, with each hair cell innervated by afferent and efferent neurons.
2010-12-17 GO:0048624 plantlet formation on parent plant Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a new plantlet develops from a meristem on the plant body. As part of this process, when the plantlet is large enough to live independently, the physical connection between the new plantlet and the main plant is severed.
2010-12-17 GO:0072085 specification of connecting tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the connecting tubule of the kidney nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072139 glomerular parietal epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a glomerular parietal epithelial cell. Glomerular parietal epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form tight junctions as a barrier to protein transport.
2010-12-17 GO:0072169 specification of posterior mesonephric tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules of the posterior mesonephros acquire their identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0075116 positive regulation by symbiont of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0023005 obsolete signal initiation by neurotransmitter Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a neurotransmitter signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0002302 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation involved in immune response Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby an antigenically nave CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell acquires the specialized features of an effector, regulatory, or memory T cell as part of an immune response. Effector T cells include cells which provide T cell help or exhibit cytotoxicity towards other cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0003413 chondrocyte differentiation involved in endochondral bone morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a chondroblast acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a chondrocyte that will contribute to the development of a bone. A chondrocyte is a polymorphic cell that forms cartilage.
2010-12-17 GO:0075147 regulation of signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0042676 compound eye cone cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the cone cells of the compound eye, the lens-secreting cells in the ommatidia, adopt pathways of differentiation that lead to the establishment of their distinct cell type.
2010-12-17 GO:0032888 regulation of mitotic spindle elongation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cell cycle process whereby the distance is lengthened between poles of the mitotic spindle.
2010-12-17 GO:0072278 metanephric comma-shaped body morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the metanephric comma-shaped body is generated and organized. The metanephric comma-shaped body is the precursor structure to the metanephric S-shaped body that contributes to the morphogenesis of a nephron in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0075120 negative regulation by symbiont of host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0061005 cell differentiation involved in kidney development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0003418 growth plate cartilage chondrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a chondroblast acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a chondrocyte that will contribute to the growth of a bone. A chondrocyte is a polymorphic cell that forms cartilage.
2010-12-17 GO:0022619 generative cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a generative cell. The generative cell gives rise to the sperm cells in the male gametophyte.
2010-12-17 GO:0072281 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation involved in metanephric nephron morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal stem cell that contributes to the shaping of a nephronin the metanephros. A mesenchymal stem cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0016344 meiotic chromosome movement towards spindle pole Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the directed movement of chromosomes from the center of the spindle towards the spindle poles takes place, mediated by the shortening of microtubules attached to the chromosomes. This occurs during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0021877 forebrain neuron fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron that resides in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0072069 DCT cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the distal convoluted tubule cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0075206 positive regulation by host of symbiont cAMP-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075104 positive regulation by host of symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0071895 odontoblast differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell of neural crest origin acquires the specialized features of an odontoblast, a cell on the outer surface of the dental pulp whose biological function is the creation of dentine.
2010-12-17 GO:0023041 neuronal signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby an activated neuronal cell receptor conveys information down a signaling pathway, resulting in a change in the function or state of a cell. This process may be intracellular or intercellular.
2010-12-17 GO:0090378 seed trichome elongation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a seed trichome irreversibly increases in size in one [spatial] dimension or along one axis, resulting in the morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0010756 positive regulation of plasminogen activation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of plasminogen activation. Plasminogen activation is the process whereby plasminogen is processed to plasmin.
2010-12-17 GO:0060085 smooth muscle relaxation of the bladder outlet Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby the extent of smooth muscle contraction is reduced in the bladder outlet that contributes to the expulsion of urine from the body.
2010-12-17 GO:0048657 anther wall tapetum cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a tapetal cell. The tapetum is a layer of cells that provides a source of nutrition for the pollen grains as they mature.
2010-12-17 GO:0042138 meiotic DNA double-strand break formation Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby double-strand breaks are generated at defined hotspots throughout the genome during meiosis I. This results in the initiation of meiotic recombination.
2010-12-17 GO:0072130 renal capsule specification Deleted DEFINITION The regionalization process by which the identity of the renal capsule is specified. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2010-12-17 GO:0001560 regulation of cell growth by extracellular stimulus Deleted DEFINITION Any process whereby external signals modulate the frequency, rate or extent of cell growth, the irreversible increase in size of a cell over time.
2010-12-17 GO:0014846 esophagus smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the esophagus. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The esophagus is the muscular membranous segment between the pharynx and the stomach in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
2010-12-17 GO:0060956 endocardial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of an endocardial cell. An endocardial cell is a specialized endothelial cell that makes up the endocardium portion of the heart. The endocardium is the innermost layer of tissue of the heart, and lines the heart chambers.
2010-12-17 GO:0010654 apical cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an apical cell. The apical cell is the upper cell formed after the first division of the zygote.
2010-12-17 GO:0023012 obsolete initiation of T cell receptor signaling by binding of a MHC complex to T cell receptor Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby binding of an MHC complex to T cell receptor causes activation of T cell receptor signaling.
2010-12-17 GO:0060479 lung cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of a mature cell found in the lung. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0060509 Type I pneumocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Type I pneumocyte. A type I pneumocyte is a flattened cell with greatly attenuated cytoplasm and a paucity of organelles.
2010-12-17 GO:0060580 ventral spinal cord interneuron fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a ventral spinal cord interneuron regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed. Ventral spinal cord interneurons are cells located in the ventral portion of the spinal cord that transmit signals between sensory and motor neurons and are required for reflexive responses.
2010-12-17 GO:0060678 dichotomous subdivision of terminal units involved in ureteric bud branching Added DEFINITION The process in which a ureteric bud bifurcates at its end.
2010-12-17 GO:0010742 macrophage derived foam cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a monocyte acquires the specialized features of a foam cell. A foam cell is a type of cell containing lipids in small vacuoles and typically seen in atherosclerotic lesions, as well as other conditions.
2010-12-17 GO:0010779 meiotic DNA repair synthesis involved in meiotic gene conversion Added DEFINITION The synthesis of DNA proceeding from the broken 3' single-strand DNA end that uses the homologous intact duplex as the template resulting in meiotic gene conversion. Meiotic gene conversion is the cell cycle process in which genetic information is transferred from one helix to another.
2010-12-17 GO:0010781 meiotic DNA double-strand break formation involved in meiotic gene conversion Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which double-strand breaks are generated at defined hotspots throughout the genome during meiosis I resulting in meiotic gene conversion. Meiotic gene conversion is the cell cycle process in which genetic information is transferred from one helix to another.
2010-12-17 GO:0014004 microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell. Microglia are glial cells that act as the immune cells of the central nervous system. They form part of the supporting structure of this system.
2010-12-17 GO:0075272 regulation of zygosporangium development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of zygosporangium development, a process by which a fruiting body called zygosporangium is formed.
2010-12-17 GO:0055047 generative cell mitosis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the generative cell divides by mitosis to form two haploid cells. These will subsequently differentiate into sperm cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0061207 mesonephric juxtaglomerulus cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the juxtaglomerulus cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061230 mesonephric juxtaglomerulus cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a mesonephric juxtaglomerulus cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0061330 Malpighian tubule stellate cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Malpighian tubule stellate cell. A Malpighian tubule stellate cell is a specialized epithelial secretory cell that moves chloride ions and water across the tubule epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0070197 meiotic attachment of telomere to nuclear envelope Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which physical connections are formed between telomeres and the nuclear envelope, facilitating bouquet formation.
2010-12-17 GO:0071423 malate transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which a malate ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0071825 protein-lipid complex subunit organization Added DEFINITION Any process in which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a protein-lipid complex.
2010-12-17 GO:0071831 intermediate-density lipoprotein particle clearance Added DEFINITION The process in which a intermediate-density lipoprotein particle is removed from the blood via receptor-mediated endocytosis and its constituent parts degraded.
2010-12-17 GO:0072005 maintenance of kidney identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the identity of a kidney is maintained. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2010-12-17 GO:0072037 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation involved in nephron morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal stem cell that contributes to the shaping of a nephron. A mesenchymal stem cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072148 epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an epithelial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072250 metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072254 metanephric glomerular mesangial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the glomerular mesangial cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072260 metanephric interstitial fibroblast fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a metanephric interstitial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072275 metanephric glomerulus morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the metanephric glomerulus are generated and organized. The metanephric glomerulus is a capillary tuft surrounded by Bowman's capsule in nephrons of the vertebrate kidney, or metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072284 metanephric S-shaped body morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the metanephric S-shaped body is generated and organized. The metanephric S-shaped body is the successor of the metanephric comma-shaped body that contributes to the morphogenesis of a nephron in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072288 metanephric proximal tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a metanephric proximal tubule are generated and organized. The metanephric proximal tubule is a metanephric nephron tubule that connects Bowman's capsule to the descending thin limb of the loop of Henle in the metanephros. It has a brush border epithelial morphology.
2010-12-17 GO:0061137 bud dilation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a branch bud increases radially. A branch bud is the initial area of outgrowth in the formation of a new branch.
2010-12-17 GO:0070365 hepatocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a hepatocyte. A hepatocyte is specialized epithelial cell that is organized into interconnected plates called lobules, and is the main structural component of the liver.
2010-12-17 GO:0075289 aplanospore formation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075179 negative regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0051255 spindle midzone assembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle midzone. The spindle midzone is the area in the center of the spindle where the spindle microtubules from opposite poles overlap.
2010-12-17 GO:0023037 obsolete signal initiation by light Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a light signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0075084 modulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0090292 nuclear matrix anchoring at nuclear membrane Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the nuclear matrix, the dense fibrillar network lying on the inner side of the nuclear membrane, is directly or indirectly linked to the nuclear membrane.
2010-12-17 GO:0075170 negative regulation of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0002299 alpha-beta intraepithelial T cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of an alpha-beta intraepithelial T cell. Intraepithelial T cells are found among epithelial cells in mucosal areas and have distinct phenotypes and developmental pathways.
2010-12-17 GO:0075209 positive regulation by symbiont of host cAMP-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060488 orthogonal dichotomous subdivision of terminal units involved in lung branching morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a lung bud bifurcates perpendicular to the plane of the previous bud.
2010-12-17 GO:0051145 smooth muscle cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell; smooth muscle lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers and are almost always involuntary.
2010-12-17 GO:0051333 meiotic nuclear envelope reassembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the reformation of the nuclear envelope during meiosis occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0021773 striatal medium spiny neuron differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a medium spiny neuron residing in the striatum.
2010-12-17 GO:0021525 lateral motor column neuron differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby differentiating motor neurons in the neural tube acquire the specialized structural and/or functional features of lateral motor column neurons. Lateral motor column neurons are generated only on limb levels and send axons into the limb mesenchyme. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0075260 regulation of spore-bearing organ development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of spore-bearing organ development, a process by which hyphae grow into special aggregates called fruiting bodies that produce new spores.
2010-12-17 GO:0007064 mitotic sister chromatid cohesion Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the sister chromatids of a replicated chromosome are joined along the entire length of the chromosome, from their formation in S phase through metaphase during a mitotic cell cycle. This cohesion cycle is critical for high fidelity chromosome transmission.
2010-12-17 GO:0035350 FAD transmembrane transport Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby flavin-adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. FAD forms the coenzyme of the prosthetic group of various flavoprotein oxidoreductase enzymes, in which it functions as an electron acceptor by being reversibly converted to its reduced form.
2010-12-17 GO:0072162 metanephric mesenchymal cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesenchymal cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0010780 meiotic DNA double-strand break formation involved in reciprocal meiotic recombination Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby double-strand breaks are generated at defined hotspots throughout the genome during meiosis I resulting in meiotic recombination. Meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0072004 kidney field specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which regions of the embryo are delineated into the area in which the kidney rudiment will develop.
2010-12-17 GO:0035315 hair cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a hair cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0035353 nicotinamide mononucleotide transmembrane transport Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby nicotinamide mononucleotide is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Nicotinamide mononucleotide is a ribonucleotide in which the nitrogenous base, nicotinamide, is in beta-n-glycosidic linkage with the c-1 position of d-ribose. It is a constituent of NAD and NADP.
2010-12-17 GO:0003387 neuron differentiation involved in amphid sensory organ development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron that contributes to the progression of the amphid sensory gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0001865 NK T cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a NK T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075085 positive regulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075096 modulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075097 positive regulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0048908 anterior lateral line ganglion neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron of the anterior lateral line ganglion.
2010-12-17 GO:0048928 posterior lateral line ganglion neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron of the posterior lateral line ganglion.
2010-12-17 GO:0048934 peripheral nervous system neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron whose cell body resides in the peripheral nervous system.
2010-12-17 GO:0050873 brown fat cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a brown adipocyte, an animal connective tissue cell involved in adaptive thermogenesis. Brown adipocytes contain multiple small droplets of triglycerides and a high number of mitochondria.
2010-12-17 GO:0050931 pigment cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a pigmented cell, such as a melanocyte.
2010-12-17 GO:0050935 iridophore differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of an iridophore. Iridophores are pigment cells derived from the neural crest. They contain guanidine or other purine crystals deposited in stacks called reflecting platets or iridisomes. This gives them a silver, gold, or iridescent appearance.
2010-12-17 GO:0051178 meiotic chromosome decondensation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which chromosome structure is altered from the condensed form held during meiosis to the relaxed dispersed form held in resting cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0051316 attachment of spindle microtubules to kinetochore involved in meiotic chromosome segregation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which spindle microtubules become physically associated with the proteins making up the kinetochore complex contributing to meiotic chromosome segregation.
2010-12-17 GO:0051890 regulation of cardioblast differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cardioblast differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized mesodermal cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-17 GO:0072248 metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0035555 obsolete initiation of Roundabout signal transduction Added DEFINITION The process in which a SLIT protein causes activation of the receptor, Roundabout (ROBO).
2010-12-17 GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is passed on to downstream components within the cell, which become activated themselves to further propagate the signal and finally trigger a change in the function or state of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0035625 epidermal growth factor-activated receptor transactivation by G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The process in which an epidermal growth factor receptor is activated via signaling events from a G-protein coupled receptor. This is an example of cross-talk between the EGFR and GPCR signaling pathways.
2010-12-17 GO:0075072 autophagy of symbiont cells involved in interaction with host Added DEFINITION The process in which symbiont cells digest parts of their own cytoplasm during interaction with its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075091 positive regulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075099 modulation by host of symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075101 negative regulation by host of symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060598 dichotomous subdivision of terminal units involved in mammary gland duct morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the terminal end of a mammary duct bifurcates.
2010-12-17 GO:0060629 regulation of homologous chromosome segregation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of homologous chromosome segregation, the cell cycle process in which replicated homologous chromosomes are organized and then physically separated and apportioned to two sets during the first division of the meiotic cell cycle. Each replicated chromosome, composed of two sister chromatids, aligns at the cell equator, paired with its homologous partner; this pairing off, referred to as synapsis, permits genetic recombination. One homolog (both sister chromatids) of each morphologic type goes into each of the resulting chromosome sets.
2010-12-17 GO:0060671 epithelial cell differentiation involved in embryonic placenta development Added DEFINITION The process in which a trophoblast cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell of the placental labyrinthine layer.
2010-12-17 GO:0060692 mesenchymal cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell of the salivary gland. A mesenchymal cell is a loosely associated cell that is part of the connective tissue in an organism. Mesenchymal cells give rise to more mature connective tissue cell types.
2010-12-17 GO:0060704 acinar cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize an acinar cell of the salivary gland. Acinar cells are protein-secreting cells in the gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0060837 blood vessel endothelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a blood vessel endothelial cell, a thin flattened cell that lines the inside surfaces of blood vessels.
2010-12-17 GO:0060951 neural crest-derived cardiac glial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a neural crest cell acquires the specialized features of a glial cell of the heart.
2010-12-17 GO:0060960 cardiac neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron of the heart.
2010-12-17 GO:0061005 cell differentiation involved in kidney development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061208 cell differentiation involved in mesonephros development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061250 mesonephric glomerular epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesonephric glomerular epithelial cell. Mesonephric glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the mesonephric glomerulus; there are two types, mesonephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells and mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0061256 mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the mesonephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0061330 Malpighian tubule stellate cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Malpighian tubule stellate cell. A Malpighian tubule stellate cell is a specialized epithelial secretory cell that moves chloride ions and water across the tubule epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0051315 attachment of mitotic spindle microtubules to kinetochore Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby spindle microtubules become physically associated with the proteins making up the kinetochore complex during mitosis. During mitosis, the kinetochores of sister chromosomes are situated facing opposite spindle poles and bipolar attachment of the sister chromosomes to the spindle occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0046551 retinal cone cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a retinal cone cell. A retinal cone cell is one of the two photoreceptor subtypes in a camera-type eye.
2010-12-17 GO:0061046 regulation of branching involved in lung morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of the process whereby a highly ordered sequence of patterning events generates the branched structures of the lung, consisting of reiterated combinations of bud outgrowth, elongation, and dichotomous subdivision of terminal units.
2010-12-17 GO:0021839 interneuron-substratum interaction involved in interneuron migration from the subpallium to the cortex Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby migrating interneurons interact with an external substratum as a component of migration from the subpallium to the cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0075127 modulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0090142 mitochondrial chromosome segregation Added DEFINITION The process in which genetic material of the mitochondrion, in the form of the mitochondrial chromosome, is organized and then physically separated and apportioned to two or more sets.
2010-12-17 GO:0090167 Golgi distribution to daughter cells Added DEFINITION Any process in which disassembled Golgi vesicles are localized into daughter cells upon cell division.
2010-12-17 GO:0090190 positive regulation of branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis, the process in which the branching structure of the ureteric bud is generated and organized. The ureteric bud is an epithelial tube that grows out from the metanephric duct. The bud elongates and branches to give rise to the ureter and kidney collecting tubules.
2010-12-17 GO:0090199 regulation of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, the process in which cytochrome c is enabled to move from the mitochondrial intermembrane space into the cytosol, which is an early step in apoptosis and leads to caspase activation.
2010-12-17 GO:0090305 nucleic acid phosphodiester bond hydrolysis Added DEFINITION The nucleic acid metabolic process in which the phosphodiester bonds between nucleotides are cleaved by hydrolysis.
2010-12-17 GO:0090335 regulation of brown fat cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of brown fat cell differentiation. Brown fat cell differentiation is the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a brown adipocyte, an animal connective tissue cell involved in adaptive thermogenesis. Brown adipocytes contain multiple small droplets of triglycerides and a high number of mitochondria.
2010-12-17 GO:0090376 seed trichome differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized epidermal cell acquires the specialized features of a seed trichome. A seed trichome is a trichome that develops from seed coat epidermis and is often long with putative dispersal function.
2010-12-17 GO:0090378 seed trichome elongation Added DEFINITION The process in which a seed trichome irreversibly increases in size in one [spatial] dimension or along one axis, resulting in the morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0001560 regulation of cell growth by extracellular stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process in which external signals modulate the frequency, rate or extent of cell growth, the irreversible increase in size of a cell over time.
2010-12-17 GO:0001649 osteoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of an osteoblast, the mesodermal cell that gives rise to bone.
2010-12-17 GO:0001779 natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a natural killer cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002272 plasmacytoid dendritic cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature plasmacytoid dendritic cell acquires the specialized features of a mature plasmacytoid dendritic cell contributing to an immune response.
2010-12-17 GO:0002304 gamma-delta intraepithelial T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a gamma-delta intraepithelial T cell. Intraepithelial T cells are found among epithelial cells in mucosal areas and have distinct phenotypes and developmental pathways.
2010-12-17 GO:0002307 CD8-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a CD8-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002321 natural killer cell progenitor differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a natural killer cell progenitor.
2010-12-17 GO:0002361 CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002572 pro-T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a pro-T cell. Pro-T cells are the earliest stage of the T cell lineage but are not fully committed.
2010-12-17 GO:0002573 myeloid leukocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of any cell of the myeloid leukocyte lineage.
2010-12-17 GO:0002574 thrombocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a thrombocyte, a nucleated cell found in all vertebrates but mammals involved in hemostasis.
2010-12-17 GO:0003310 pancreatic A cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and functional features of a pancreatic A cell. A pancreatic A cell is a cell in the pancreas that secretes glucagon.
2010-12-17 GO:0003357 noradrenergic neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an noradrenergic neuron, a neuron that secretes noradrenaline.
2010-12-17 GO:0003387 neuron differentiation involved in amphid sensory organ development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron that contributes to the progression of the amphid sensory gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0007343 egg activation Added DEFINITION The process in which the egg becomes metabolically active, initiates protein and DNA synthesis and undergoes structural changes to its cortex and/or cytoplasm.
2010-12-17 GO:0007379 segment specification Added DEFINITION The process in which segments assume individual identities; exemplified in insects by the actions of the products of the homeotic genes.
2010-12-17 GO:0007463 R2/R5 cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the R2/R5 photoreceptors commit to their cell fate. R2 and R5 are paired photoreceptors which contribute the outer rhabdomeres.
2010-12-17 GO:0009563 synergid differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which an uncellularized nucleus cellularizes and acquires the specialized features of a synergid cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0010520 regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0010774 meiotic strand invasion involved in reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate resulting in meiotic recombination. Meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0014018 neuroblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a neuroblast in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-17 GO:0061258 mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the mesonephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0061260 mesonephric mesangial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesangial cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061264 mesonephric glomerular mesangial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a mesonephric glomerular mesangial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0061265 mesonephric nephron tubule epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the mesonephric nephron tubule as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061320 pericardial nephrocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a pericardial nephrocyte. A pericardial nephrocyte is a renal cell that filters hemolymph and is found with other pericardial nephrocytes in two rows flanking the dorsal vessel. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0071824 protein-DNA complex subunit organization Added DEFINITION Any process in which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a protein-DNA complex.
2010-12-17 GO:0071921 cohesin loading Added DEFINITION A process in which a cohesin complex is transported to, or maintained at, a part of a chromosome that is organized into chromatin.
2010-12-17 GO:0072047 proximal/distal pattern formation involved in nephron development Added DEFINITION The regionalization process in which specific areas of cell differentiation are determined along a proximal/distal axis of a nephron. The proximal/distal axis is defined by a line that runs from the center of the kidney (proximal end) outward (distal end).
2010-12-17 GO:0072081 specification of nephron tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules arranged along the proximal/distal axis of the nephron acquire their identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0061320 pericardial nephrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a pericardial nephrocyte. A pericardial nephrocyte is a renal cell that filters hemolymph and is found with other pericardial nephrocytes in two rows flanking the dorsal vessel. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0007463 R2/R5 cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the R2/R5 photoreceptors commit to their cell fate. R2 and R5 are paired photoreceptors which contribute the outer rhabdomeres.
2010-12-17 GO:0072133 metanephric mesenchyme morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a metanephric mesenchymal tissue are generated and organized. Metanephric mesenchyme is the tissue made up of loosely connected mesenchymal cells in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0045063 T-helper 1 cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized T cell acquires the specialized features of a Th1 cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014017 neuroblast fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will differentiate into a neuroblast.
2010-12-17 GO:0002143 tRNA wobble position uridine thiolation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a uridine residue at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally thiolated at the C2 position. This process involves transfer of a sulfur from cysteine to position C2 by several steps.
2010-12-17 GO:0022620 vegetative cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a vegetative cell. The vegetative cell is gives rise to the pollen tube.
2010-12-17 GO:0035483 gastric emptying Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the liquid and liquid-suspended solid contents of the stomach exit through the pylorus into the duodenum.
2010-12-17 GO:0075016 appressorium formation on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which a swollen, flattened portion of a symbiont filament is formed on or near its host organism, to adhere to and for the purpose of penetrating the host surface. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075059 positive regulation of symbiont penetration peg initiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of symbiont penetration peg initiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell starts to acquire the characteristics of a mature penetration peg during the symbiont penetrating into its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060487 lung epithelial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell that contributes to the epithelium of the lung.
2010-12-17 GO:0075177 regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075077 negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase activity Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont adenylate cyclase activity, which catalyze the reaction: ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0072195 kidney smooth muscle cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell in the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0075100 positive regulation by host of symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0007462 R1/R6 cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the R1/R6 photoreceptors commit to their cell fate. R1 and R6 are paired photoreceptors which contribute the outer rhabdomeres.
2010-12-17 GO:0090392 sepal giant cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sepal giant cell. A sepal giant cell is a pavement cell that is part of the sepal epidermis and stretches one fifth the length of the sepal with a chromosome content of 16C.
2010-12-17 GO:0061017 hepatoblast differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a hepatoblast. A hepatoblast is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes.
2010-12-17 GO:0022023 radial glial cell fate commitment in forebrain Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a radial glial cell in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0075121 modulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060742 epithelial cell differentiation involved in prostate gland development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell of the prostate gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0021701 cerebellar Golgi cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature cerebellar Golgi cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a Golgi cell fate. A cerebellar Golgi cell is an inhibitory GABAergic interneuron found in the cerebellar cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0007083 mitotic chromosome decondensation Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby chromosome structure is altered from the condensed form taken on during mitosis to the relaxed disperse form held in resting cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0075134 positive regulation by symbiont of host calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0048756 sieve cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sieve cell. A sieve cell is a type of sieve element that has relatively undifferentiated sieve areas (with narrow pores). The sieve areas are rather uniform in structure on all walls; that is, there are no sieve plates. Typical of gymnosperms and lower vascular plants. The sieve element is the cell in the phloem tissue concerned with mainly longitudinal conduction of food materials.
2010-12-17 GO:0060479 lung cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of a mature cell found in the lung. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0060217 hemangioblast cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the characteristics of a mature hemangioblast. Hemangioblasts are the proposed common precursor of blood and endothelial lineages.
2010-12-17 GO:0060377 negative regulation of mast cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of mast cell differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a mast cell. A mast cell is a cell that is found in almost all tissues containing numerous basophilic granules and capable of releasing large amounts of histamine and heparin upon activation.
2010-12-17 GO:0060441 epithelial tube branching involved in lung morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a highly ordered sequence of patterning events generates the branched epithelial tubes of the lung, consisting of reiterated combinations of bud outgrowth, elongation, and dichotomous subdivision of terminal units.
2010-12-17 GO:0060486 Clara cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Clara cell. A Clara cell is an unciliated epithelial cell found in the respiratory and terminal bronchioles.
2010-12-17 GO:0060510 Type II pneumocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Type II pneumocyte. A Type II pneumocyte is a surfactant secreting cell that contains abundant cytoplasm containing numerous lipid-rich multilamellar bodies.
2010-12-17 GO:0060575 intestinal epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a columnar/cuboidal epithelial cell of the intestine.
2010-12-17 GO:0009560 embryo sac egg cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby an uncellularized embryo sac nucleus cellularizes and acquires the specialized features of an egg cell. An example of this process is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-17 GO:0072245 metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cell. Metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form tight junctions as a barrier to protein transport.
2010-12-17 GO:0075250 negative regulation of aeciospore formation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of aeciospore formation, a process by which a dikaryotic spore of typically a rust fungus is produced in an aecium.
2010-12-17 GO:0060706 cell differentiation involved in embryonic placenta development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of the embryonic placenta.
2010-12-17 GO:0060889 limb basal epidermal cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a limb epidermal basal cell. A epidermal basal cell cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into more specialized cell of the limb epidermis.
2010-12-17 GO:0048927 posterior lateral line neuromast support cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a posterior lateral line neuromast support cell. Support cells are non-sensory cells of the neuromast that extend between the sensory hair cells from the basement membrane to the apical surface; they are surrounded by mantle cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072209 metanephric mesangial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesangial cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0007060 male meiosis chromosome segregation Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby genetic material, in the form of chromosomes, is organized and then physically separated and apportioned to two or more sets during the meiotic cell cycle in a male.
2010-12-17 GO:0021892 cerebral cortex GABAergic interneuron differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a GABAergic interneuron residing in the cerebral cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0002521 leukocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized hemopoietic precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a leukocyte. A leukocyte is an achromatic cell of the myeloid or lymphoid lineages capable of ameboid movement, found in blood or other tissue.
2010-12-17 GO:0085024 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology via protein secreted by Sec complex Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an organism (symbiont) effects a change in the structure or function of its host organism, mediated by a substance secreted by the Sec complex in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075160 positive regulation of G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0042386 hemocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the characteristics of a mature hemocyte. Hemocytes are blood cells associated with a hemocoel (the cavity containing most of the major organs of the arthropod body) which are involved in defense and clotting of hemolymph, but not involved in transport of oxygen.
2010-12-17 GO:0060079 excitatory postsynaptic potential Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) which is a temporay increase in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an EPSP is an excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and makes it easier for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2010-12-17 GO:0061307 cardiac neural crest cell differentiation involved in heart development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac neural crest cell that will migrate to the heart and contribute to its development. Cardiac neural crest cells are specialized cells that migrate toward the heart from the third, fourth and sixth pharyngeal arches.
2010-12-17 GO:0090204 protein localization to nuclear pore Deleted DEFINITION A process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a nuclear pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0048758 companion cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a companion cell. The companion cell is the specialized parenchyma cell associated with a sieve-tube member in angiosperm phloem and arising from the same mother cell as the sieve-tube member.
2010-12-17 GO:0072156 distal tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a distal tubule are generated and organized. The distal tubule is a nephron tubule that begins at the macula densa and extends to the connecting tubule.
2010-12-17 GO:0060377 negative regulation of mast cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of mast cell differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a mast cell. A mast cell is a cell that is found in almost all tissues containing numerous basophilic granules and capable of releasing large amounts of histamine and heparin upon activation.
2010-12-17 GO:0021781 glial cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a glial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043147 meiotic spindle stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby spindle integrity is maintained during M phase of meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0075346 modification by symbiont of host protein by ubiquitination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an organism adds one or more ubiquitin groups to a protein of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0014037 Schwann cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a Schwann cell. Schwann cells are found in the peripheral nervous system, where they insulate neurons and axons, and regulate the environment in which neurons function.
2010-12-17 GO:0014836 myoblast fate commitment involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a satellite cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a myoblast cell. This occurs as part of skeletal muscle regeneration. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0014871 cross bridge formation involved in regulation of the velocity of shortening in skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION The process in which actin and myosin interact, split ATP and generate force during skeletal muscle contraction. This process is one of the components of the regulation of the force of skeletal muscle contraction.
2010-12-17 GO:0071990 maintenance of protein location to spindle pole body Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in a specific location at the spindle pole body, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2010-12-17 GO:0090329 regulation of DNA-dependent DNA replication Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of DNA-dependent DNA replication, the process whereby new strands of DNA are synthesized, using parental DNA as a template for the DNA-dependent DNA polymerases that synthesize the new strands.
2010-12-17 GO:0072115 head kidney morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the head kidney are generated and organized. The head kidney is a pronephros that consists of fused bilateral lobes located in the anterior part of the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0051314 attachment of spindle microtubules to mitotic chromosome Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby spindle microtubules become physically associated with a chromosome during mitosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0023038 obsolete signal initiation by diffusible mediator Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a diffusible signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0039014 cell differentiation involved in pronephros development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the pronephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0060718 chorionic trophoblast cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells of the ectoplacental cone acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize chorionic trophoblasts. These cells will migrate towards the spongiotrophoblast layer and give rise to syncytiotrophoblasts of the labyrinthine layer.
2010-12-17 GO:0055007 cardiac muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a cardiac muscle precursor cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac muscle cell. Cardiac muscle cells are striated muscle cells that are responsible for heart contraction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060079 excitatory postsynaptic potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) which is a temporary increase in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an EPSP is an excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and makes it easier for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2010-12-17 GO:0060163 subpallium neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which in the subpallium, the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron. The subpallium is the base region of the telencephalon.
2010-12-17 GO:0060221 retinal rod cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a retinal rod cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0060224 regulation of retinal rod cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a retinal rod cell. A retinal rod cell is one of the two photoreceptor subtypes in a camera-type eye.
2010-12-17 GO:0060480 lung goblet cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a lung goblet cell. A goblet cell is a cell of the epithelial lining that produces and secretes mucins.
2010-12-17 GO:0060529 squamous basal epithelial stem cell differentiation involved in prostate gland acinus development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized epithelial cell acquires specialized features of a squamous basal epithelial stem cell of the prostate.
2010-12-17 GO:0060579 ventral spinal cord interneuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a ventral spinal cord interneuron. Ventral spinal cord interneurons are cells located in the ventral portion of the spinal cord that transmit signals between sensory and motor neurons and are required for reflexive responses.
2010-12-17 GO:0075117 negative regulation by symbiont of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075119 positive regulation by symbiont of host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075131 positive regulation by symbiont of host protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075167 negative regulation of G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075171 regulation of MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075213 negative regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075239 zoospore formation Added DEFINITION The process in which a diploid cell undergoes meiosis, and the meiotic products acquire specialized features of asexual motile mononucleate flagellated spores called zoospores.
2010-12-17 GO:0075241 positive regulation of zoospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of zoospore formation, a process in which a diploid cell undergoes meiosis, and the meiotic products acquire specialized features of asexual motile mononucleate flagellated spores called zoospores.
2010-12-17 GO:0075242 negative regulation of zoospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of zoospore formation, a process in which a diploid cell undergoes meiosis, and the meiotic products acquire specialized features of asexual motile mononucleate flagellated spores called zoospores.
2010-12-17 GO:0075243 oospore formation Added DEFINITION The process in which male and female gametangia develop and fuse to form an oospore, a thick-walled resting spore of oomycetes.
2010-12-17 GO:0075253 positive regulation of uredospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of uredospore formation, a process in which an asexual, dikaryotic, often rusty-colored spore, is formed in a structure called a uredinium.
2010-12-17 GO:0075290 regulation of aplanospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of aplanospore formation, a process in which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075300 negative regulation of zygospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of zygospore formation, a process in which a thick-walled spore of some algae and fungi is formed by union of two similar sexual cells, usually serves as a resting spore, and produces the sporophytic phase.
2010-12-17 GO:0075327 passive spore dispersal on or near host Added DEFINITION Any passive process in which a symbiont disseminates its spores, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075336 negative regulation of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0080170 hydrogen peroxide transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which hydrogen peroxide is transported from one side of a membrane to the other. This process includes the actual movement of the solute, and any regulation and preparatory steps, such as reduction of the solute.
2010-12-17 GO:0085015 dormancy maintenance of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process in which a dormant state is maintained by the symbiont within the host organism.
2010-12-17 GO:0090139 mitochondrial DNA packaging Added DEFINITION Any process in which mitochondrial DNA and associated proteins are formed into a compact, orderly structure.
2010-12-17 GO:0071828 apolipoprotein E recycling Added DEFINITION The process in which chylomicron remnant-associated apolipoprotein E is internalized by endocytosis, localized to recycling endosomes and then secreted in association with a high-density lipoprotein particle.
2010-12-17 GO:0071918 urea transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which urea, the water-soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0072035 pre-tubular aggregate formation Added DEFINITION The cell adhesion process in which mesenchyme cells adhere to one another in the initial stages of the formation of the pre-tubular aggregate, the earliest recognizable structure of the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072086 specification of loop of Henle identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the loop of Henle of the kidney nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072103 glomerulus vasculature morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the glomerulus vasculature are generated and organized. The glomerulus vasculature is composed of the tubule structures that carry blood or lymph in the glomerulus.
2010-12-17 GO:0072131 kidney mesenchyme morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a kidney mesenchymal tissue are generated and organized. Kidney mesenchyme is the tissue made up of loosely connected mesenchymal cells in the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072147 glomerular parietal epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a glomerular parietal epithelial cell. Glomerular parietal epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form tight junctions as a barrier to protein transport. These cells may also give rise to podocytes.
2010-12-17 GO:0072150 juxtaglomerulus cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a juxtaglomerulus cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072195 kidney smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell in the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072196 proximal/distal pattern formation involved in pronephric nephron development Added DEFINITION The regionalization process in which specific areas of cell differentiation are determined along a proximal/distal axis of the pronephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072257 metanephric nephron tubule epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the metanephric nephron tubule as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072283 metanephric renal vesicle morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the metanephric renal vesicle are generated and organized. The renal vesicle is the primordial structure of the metanephric nephron epithelium, and is formed by the condensation of mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072311 glomerular epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a glomerular epithelial cell. Glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the glomerulus; there are two types, glomerular parietal epithelial cells and glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072314 glomerular epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a glomerular epithelial cell. Glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the glomerulus; there are two types, glomerular parietal epithelial cells and glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0075057 initiation of symbiont penetration peg Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell of the symbiont starts to acquire the characteristics of a mature penetration peg to penetrate into its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075076 positive regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase activity Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont adenylate cyclase activity, which catalyze the reaction: ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075110 positive regulation by symbiont of host receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075118 modulation by symbiont of host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075134 positive regulation by symbiont of host calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075150 regulation of receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075154 positive regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075165 regulation of G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075170 negative regulation of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075179 negative regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075201 formation of symbiont penetration hypha for entry into host Added DEFINITION The assembly by the symbiont of a threadlike, tubular structure, which may contain multiple nuclei and may or may not be divided internally by septa or cross-walls, for the purpose of penetration into its host organism. In the case of an appressorium existing, this term is defined in further details as the process in which the symbiont penetration peg expands to form a hypha which traverses the epidermal cell and emerges into the intercellular space of the mesophyll tissue. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0014908 myotube differentiation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a myotube cell. Myotube differentiation starts with myoblast fusion and the appearance of specific cell markers (this is the cell development step). Then individual myotubes can fuse to form bigger myotubes and start to contract. This process occurs as part of the process of skeletal muscle regeneration. Myotubes are multinucleated cells that are formed when proliferating myoblasts exit the cell cycle, differentiate and fuse.
2010-12-17 GO:0015030 Cajal body Added DEFINITION A class of nuclear body, first seen after silver staining by Ramon y Cajal in 1903, enriched in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins, and certain general RNA polymerase II transcription factors; ultrastructurally, they appear as a tangle of coiled, electron-dense threads roughly 0.5 micrometers in diameter; involved in aspects of snRNP biogenesis; the protein coilin serves as a marker for Cajal bodies. Some argue that Cajal bodies are the sites for preassembly of transcriptosomes, unitary particles involved in transcription and processing of RNA.
2010-12-17 GO:0021521 ventral spinal cord interneuron specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a ventral spinal cord interneuron in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway.
2010-12-17 GO:0021522 spinal cord motor neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the ventral neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of motor neurons. Motor neurons innervate an effector (muscle or glandular) tissue and are responsible for transmission of motor impulses from the brain to the periphery. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2010-12-17 GO:0090396 leaf papilla Added TERM leaf papilla
2010-12-17 GO:0090397 stigma papilla Added TERM stigma papilla
2010-12-17 GO:2000285 obsolete negative regulation of regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential Added TERM negative regulation of regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential
2010-12-17 GO:2000286 receptor internalization involved in canonical Wnt signaling pathway Added TERM receptor internalization involved in canonical Wnt receptor signaling pathway
2010-12-17 GO:0031980 mitochondrial lumen Deleted TERM mitochondrial lumen
2010-12-17 GO:0072492 host cell mitochondrial intermembrane space Added TERM host cell mitochondrial intermembrane space
2010-12-17 GO:0072493 host cell endosome lumen Added TERM host cell endosome lumen
2010-12-17 GO:0072494 host multivesicular body Added TERM host multivesicular body
2010-12-17 GO:0072495 host cell Cajal body Added TERM host cell Cajal body
2010-12-17 GO:0072496 Pup transferase activity Added TERM Pup ligase activity
2010-12-17 GO:0072497 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation Added TERM mesenchymal stem cell differentiation
2010-12-17 GO:0072498 embryonic skeletal joint development Added TERM embryonic skeletal joint development
2010-12-17 GO:0072499 photoreceptor cell axon guidance Added TERM photoreceptor cell axon guidance
2010-12-17 GO:0090394 negative regulation of excitatory postsynaptic potential Added TERM negative regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential
2010-12-17 GO:0090395 plant cell papilla Added TERM plant cell papilla

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2010-12-17 GO:0048774 cyanophore differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a cyanophore cell. Cyanophores are pigment cells derived from the neural crest. They contain a blue pigment of unknown chemical composition. The pigment is stored in fibrous organelles termed cyanosomes.
2010-12-17 GO:0048886 neuromast hair cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuromast hair cell. Hair cells are the sensory receptors of the neuromast and are located in a portion of the neuromast called the sensory strip. Each hair cell of the neuromast is morphologically polarized as a result of the relative position of the single kinocilium and the clusters of stereocilia on its apical surface. There are approximately seven hair cells within each neuromast, with each hair cell innervated by afferent and efferent neurons.
2010-12-17 GO:0048905 anterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an anterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell. Mantle cells are non-sensory cells that surround the sensory strip, separating the neuromast from the epidermis. Mantle cells secrete the cupula in which the ciliary bundles of all of the hair cells are embedded.
2010-12-17 GO:0048906 anterior lateral line neuromast support cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an anterior lateral line neuromast support cell. Support cells are non-sensory cells of the neuromast that extend between the sensory hair cells from the basement membrane to the apical surface; they are surrounded by mantle cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0050934 late stripe melanocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a late stripe melanocyte (LSM). In zebrafish, LSMs develop during the second phase (3-4 weeks of development) of the larva-to-adult transition (2-4 weeks of development).
2010-12-17 GO:0051295 establishment of meiotic spindle localization Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the directed movement of the meiotic spindle to a specific location in the cell occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0030154 cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells, tissues, or organs of the mature organism or some other relatively stable phase of the organism's life history. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0031149 sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sorocarp stalk cell, any of the cellulose-covered cells that form the stalk of a sorocarp. An example of this process is found in Dictyostelium discoideum.
2010-12-17 GO:0032121 meiotic attachment of telomeric heterochromatin to spindle pole body Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which physical connections are formed between telomeres and the spindle pole body, facilitating bouquet formation.
2010-12-17 GO:0034755 iron ion transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which an iron ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0035026 leading edge cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of leading edge cells, cells at the front of a migrating epithelial sheet.
2010-12-17 GO:0035349 coenzyme A transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which coenzyme A is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, is an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2010-12-17 GO:0035461 vitamin transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which a vitamin is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. A vitamin is one of a number of unrelated organic substances that occur in many foods in small amounts and that are necessary in trace amounts for the normal metabolic functioning of the body.
2010-12-17 GO:0060487 lung epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell that contributes to the epithelium of the lung.
2010-12-17 GO:0060490 lateral sprouting involved in lung morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a branch forms along the side of the lung epithelial tube.
2010-12-17 GO:0060921 sinoatrial node cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sinoatrial (SA) node cell. SA node cells are pacemaker cells that are found in the sinoatrial node.
2010-12-17 GO:0060947 cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell. A cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell covers the heart vasculature and lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0060983 epicardium-derived cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell derived from the epicardium acquires specialized features of a cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell. A cardiac vascular smooth muscle cell covers the heart vasculature and lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0061239 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation involved in mesonephric nephron morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal stem cell that contributes to the shaping of a nephronin the mesonephros. A mesenchymal stem cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0061266 mesonephric interstitial fibroblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the interstitial cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0070574 cadmium ion transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which a cadmium ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0071577 zinc II ion transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which a zinc ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0072043 regulation of pre-tubular aggregate formation by cell-cell signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that mediates the transfer of information from one cell to another that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of pre-tubular aggregate formation. Pre-tubular aggregate formation is the cell adhesion process in which mammary mesenchyme cells adhere to one another in the initial stages of the formation of the pre-tubular aggregate, the earliest recognizable structure of the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072082 specification of proximal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the proximal tubule of the kidney nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072092 ureteric bud invasion Added DEFINITION The process in which the ureteric bud grows along its axis and contributes to the formation of the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072132 mesenchyme morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a mesenchymal tissue are generated and organized. A mesenchymal tissue is made up of loosely packed stellate cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072168 specification of anterior mesonephric tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules of the anterior mesonephros acquire their identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072188 metanephric cap specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the metanephric cap acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072202 cell differentiation involved in metanephros development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072251 metanephric juxtaglomerulus cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the juxtaglomerulus cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0014918 obsolete positive regulation of natriuresis by pressure natriuresis Added DEFINITION The process in which pressure natriuresis increases rate of natriuresis.
2010-12-17 GO:0021514 ventral spinal cord interneuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of ventral spinal cord interneurons. Ventral spinal cord interneurons are cells located in the ventral portion of the spinal cord that transmit signals between sensory and motor neurons and are required for reflexive responses. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021527 spinal cord association neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of association neurons. Association neurons are cells located in the dorsal portion of the spinal cord that integrate sensory input. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021708 Lugaro cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature Lugaro cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a Lugaro cell fate. A Lugaro cell is an inhibitory GABAergic interneuron found in the cerebellar cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0021773 striatal medium spiny neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a medium spiny neuron residing in the striatum.
2010-12-17 GO:0021862 early neuron differentiation in forebrain Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of neurons. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021887 hypothalamus gonadotrophin-releasing hormone neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a hypothalamus neuron that releases gonadotrophin-releasing hormone.
2010-12-17 GO:0022023 radial glial cell fate commitment in forebrain Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a radial glial cell in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0022620 vegetative cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a vegetative cell. The vegetative cell is gives rise to the pollen tube.
2010-12-17 GO:0023006 obsolete signal initiation by amino acid Added DEFINITION The process in which an amino acid signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0023045 signal transduction by conformational transition Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is conveyed via a conformational transition.
2010-12-17 GO:0023047 obsolete signal initiation by chemical mediator Added DEFINITION The process in which a chemical signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0023052 signaling Added DEFINITION The entirety of a process in which information is transmitted. This process begins with the initiation of the signal and ends when a response has been triggered.
2010-12-17 GO:0030855 epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell, any of the cells making up an epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0030999 linear element assembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which a proteinaceous scaffold, related to the synaptonemal complex, is assembled in association with S. pombe chromosomes during meiotic prophase.
2010-12-17 GO:0032887 regulation of spindle elongation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cell cycle process in which the distance is lengthened between poles of the spindle.
2010-12-17 GO:0035348 acetyl-CoA transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which acetyl-CoA is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Acetyl-CoA is a derivative of coenzyme A in which the sulfhydryl group is acetylated; it is a metabolite derived from several pathways (e.g. glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, amino-acid catabolism) and is further metabolized by the tricarboxylic acid cycle. It is a key intermediate in lipid and terpenoid biosynthesis.
2010-12-17 GO:0035352 NAD transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore; transport may be of either the oxidized form, NAD, or the reduced form, NADH.
2010-12-17 GO:0035378 carbon dioxide transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which carbon dioxide (CO2) is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0035559 obsolete MAPKKK cascade involved in epidermal growth factor receptor signaling Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is passed from the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to components of the MAPKKK cascade, which become activated themselves to further propagate the signal and finally trigger a change in the function or state of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043133 hindgut contraction Added DEFINITION A process in which force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the hindgut. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The hindgut is the posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and the large intestine.
2010-12-17 GO:0051760 meiotic sister chromatid cohesion, arms Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the sister chromatids of a replicated chromosome are joined along the length of the chromosome arms during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0051892 negative regulation of cardioblast differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cardioblast differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized mesodermal cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-17 GO:0060447 bud outgrowth involved in lung branching Added DEFINITION The process in which a region of the lung epithelium initiates an outgrowth.
2010-12-17 GO:0060680 lateral sprouting involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a branch forms along the side of a ureteric bud.
2010-12-17 GO:0060686 negative regulation of prostatic bud formation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of prostatic bud formation, the morphogenetic process in which a region of the fetal urogenital sinus epithelium is specified to become the prostate, resulting in prostate bud outgrowth.
2010-12-17 GO:0060689 cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the salivary gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0060842 arterial endothelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized endothelial cell acquires specialized features of an arterial endothelial cell, a thin flattened cell that lines the inside surfaces of arteries.
2010-12-17 GO:0060891 limb granular cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a limb epidermal granular cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0060920 cardiac pacemaker cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a pacemaker cell. Pacemaker cells are specialized cardiomyocytes that are responsible for regulating the timing of heart contractions.
2010-12-17 GO:0009557 antipodal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which an uncellularized nucleus cellularizes and acquires the specialized features of an antipodal cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0009913 epidermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epidermal cell, any of the cells making up the epidermis.
2010-12-17 GO:0009920 cell plate formation involved in plant-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the cell plate is formed at the equator of the spindle in the dividing cells during early telophase. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-17 GO:0010755 regulation of plasminogen activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of plasminogen activation. Plasminogen activation is the process in which plasminogen is processed to plasmin.
2010-12-17 GO:0010756 positive regulation of plasminogen activation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of plasminogen activation. Plasminogen activation is the process in which plasminogen is processed to plasmin.
2010-12-17 GO:0010772 meiotic DNA recombinase assembly involved in reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form higher order oligomers on single-stranded DNA resulting in meiotic recombination. Meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0010775 meiotic strand invasion involved in meiotic gene conversion Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate resulting in meiotic recombination.
2010-12-17 GO:0010830 regulation of myotube differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of myotube differentiation. Myotube differentiation is the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a myotube cell. Myotubes are multinucleated cells that are formed when proliferating myoblasts exit the cell cycle, differentiate and fuse.
2010-12-17 GO:0014007 negative regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014033 neural crest cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neural crest cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014813 skeletal muscle satellite cell commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a satellite cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014816 skeletal muscle satellite cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a satellite cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075325 spore dispersal on or near host Added DEFINITION Any process in which a symbiont disseminates its spores, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0080001 mucilage extrusion from seed coat Added DEFINITION The process in which seed mucilage expands through hydration and breaks the outer cell wall that encapsulates the whole seed upon imbibition. Mucilage, mainly composed of pectins, is formed during seed development and deposited into the apoplast underneath the outer wall of the seed coat.
2010-12-17 GO:0080058 protein deglutathionylation Added DEFINITION The protein modification process in which a glutathione molecule is removed from a protein amino acid by breaking a disulfide linkage.
2010-12-17 GO:0085023 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology via protein secreted by type VII secretion system Added DEFINITION The process in which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of its host organism, mediated by a substance secreted by a type VII secretion system in the organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0085024 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology via protein secreted by Sec complex Added DEFINITION The process in which an organism (symbiont) effects a change in the structure or function of its host organism, mediated by a substance secreted by the Sec complex in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0090173 regulation of synaptonemal complex assembly Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of synaptonemal complex assembly. Synaptonemal complex assembly is the cell cycle process in which the synaptonemal complex, a structure that holds paired chromosomes together during prophase I of meiosis and that promotes genetic recombination, is formed.
2010-12-17 GO:0090296 regulation of mitochondrial DNA replication Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of the process in which new strands of DNA are synthesized in the mitochondrion.
2010-12-17 GO:0090392 sepal giant cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sepal giant cell. A sepal giant cell is a pavement cell that is part of the sepal epidermis and stretches one fifth the length of the sepal with a chromosome content of 16C.
2010-12-17 GO:0090397 stigma papilla Added DEFINITION A plant cell papilla that is part of a stigma papilla cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0003094 glomerular filtration Added DEFINITION The process in which plasma is filtered through the glomerular membrane which consists of capillary endothelial cells, the basement membrane, and epithelial cells. The glomerular filtrate is the same as plasma except it has no significant amount of protein.
2010-12-17 GO:0003311 pancreatic D cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and functional features that characterize a pancreatic delta cell. A delta cell is a cell of the pancreas that produces somatostatin.
2010-12-17 GO:0003348 cardiac endothelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardiac endothelial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0003398 glial cell differentiation involved in amphid sensory organ development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a glial cell of the amphid sensory organ.
2010-12-17 GO:0006264 mitochondrial DNA replication Added DEFINITION The process in which new strands of DNA are synthesized in the mitochondrion.
2010-12-17 GO:0007087 mitotic nuclear pore complex reassembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which nuclear pore complexes reform during mitotic cell division.
2010-12-17 GO:0007147 female meiosis II Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the second meiotic division occurs in the female germline.
2010-12-17 GO:0007165 signal transduction Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is converted into a form where it can ultimately trigger a change in the state or activity of a cell. A signal is a physical entity or change in state that is used to transfer information in order to trigger a response.
2010-12-17 GO:0007465 R7 cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the R7 photoreceptor commits to its cell fate. The R7 receptor contributes the central part of the rhabdomere in the apical parts of the ommatidium.
2010-12-17 GO:0001923 B-1 B cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a hemopoietic stem cell acquires the specialized features of a B-1 B cell. B-1 B cells are a distinct subset of B cells characterized as being CD5 positive, found predominantly in the peritoneum, pleural cavities, and spleen, and enriched for self-reactivity.
2010-12-17 GO:0001949 sebaceous gland cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized epidermal cell acquires the specialized features of a sebaceous gland cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002097 tRNA wobble base modification Added DEFINITION The process in which the nucleotide at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2010-12-17 GO:0043147 meiotic spindle stabilization Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which spindle integrity is maintained during M phase of meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0048371 lateral mesodermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a lateral mesoderm cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0048392 intermediate mesodermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an intermediate mesoderm cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0048626 myoblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a myoblast cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0048762 mesenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell. A mesenchymal cell is a loosely associated cell that is part of the connective tissue in an organism. Mesenchymal cells give rise to more mature connective tissue cell types.
2010-12-17 GO:0048824 pigment cell precursor differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a pigment cell precursor.
2010-12-17 GO:0048867 stem cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a stem cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-17 GO:0048924 posterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a posterior lateral line neuromast mantle cell. (N.B. This may be development of neuromast mantle cell type or a set of cells of neuromast mantle cell type. This will involve the change of a cell or set of cells from one cell identity to another). Mantle cells are non-sensory cells that surround the sensory strip, separating the neuromast from the epidermis. Mantle cells secrete the cupula in which the ciliary bundles of all of the hair cells are embedded.
2010-12-17 GO:0050933 early stripe melanocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of an early stripe melanocyte (ESM). In zebrafish, ESMs develop during the first phase (2-3 weeks of development) of the larva to adult transition (2-4 weeks of development).
2010-12-17 GO:0051145 smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell; smooth muscle lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers and are almost always involuntary.
2010-12-17 GO:0060685 regulation of prostatic bud formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of prostatic bud formation, the morphogenetic process in which a region of the fetal urogenital sinus epithelium is specified to become the prostate, resulting in prostate bud outgrowth.
2010-12-17 GO:0051311 meiotic metaphase plate congression Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which chromosomes are aligned at the metaphase plate, a plane halfway between the poles of the meiotic spindle, during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0051754 meiotic sister chromatid cohesion, centromeric Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which centromeres of sister chromatids are joined during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0051756 meiotic sister chromatid centromere separation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the centromeres of sister chromatids are physically detached from each other during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0060127 prolactin secreting cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a prolactin secreting cell. A prolactin secreting cell is an acidophilic cell of the anterior pituitary that produces prolactin.
2010-12-17 GO:0060225 positive regulation of retinal rod cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a retinal rod cell. A retinal rod cell is one of the two photoreceptor subtypes in a camera-type eye.
2010-12-17 GO:0060379 cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac myoblast. A cardiac myoblast is a precursor cell that has been committed to a cardiac muscle cell fate but retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life.
2010-12-17 GO:0044010 single-species biofilm formation Added DEFINITION A process in which microorganisms of the same species attach to and grow on a surface such, and produce extracellular polymers that facilitate attachment and matrix formation, resulting in an alteration in the phenotype of the organisms with respect to growth rate and gene transcription.
2010-12-17 GO:0045128 negative regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0045141 meiotic telomere clustering Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the dynamic reorganization of telomeres occurs in early meiotic prophase, during which meiotic chromosome ends are gathered in a bouquet arrangement at the inner surface of the nuclear envelope proximal to the spindle pole body. This plays an important role in homologous chromosome pairing and therefore progression through meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0045144 meiotic sister chromatid segregation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which sister chromatids are organized and then physically separated and randomly apportioned to two sets during the second division of the meiotic cell cycle.
2010-12-17 GO:0046632 alpha-beta T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of an alpha-beta T cell. An alpha-beta T cell is a T cell that expresses an alpha-beta T cell receptor complex.
2010-12-17 GO:0048600 oocyte fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an oocyte.
2010-12-17 GO:0048665 neuron fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a neuron in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-17 GO:0048760 plant parenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a parenchymal cell. Parenchymal cells are the most abundant and versatile cells in plants. They have very few distinguishing characteristics and botanists classify them as any cell type that cannot be assigned to any other structural or functional class. They can redifferentiate and dedifferentiate and are involved in storage, basic metabolism and other processes. The cells are polyhedral, typically with thin, non-lignified cellulose cell walls and nucleate living protoplasm. They vary in size, form, and wall structure.
2010-12-17 GO:0014831 gastro-intestinal system smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process in which force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the gastro-intestinal system. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The gastro-intestinal system generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the mouth to anus, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (liver, pancreas and biliary tract).
2010-12-17 GO:0019184 nonribosomal peptide biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The biosynthetic process in which peptide bond formation occurs in the absence of the translational machinery. Examples include the synthesis of antibiotic peptides, and glutathione.
2010-12-17 GO:0021525 lateral motor column neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which differentiating motor neurons in the neural tube acquire the specialized structural and/or functional features of lateral motor column neurons. Lateral motor column neurons are generated only on limb levels and send axons into the limb mesenchyme. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021526 medial motor column neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which differentiating motor neurons in the neural tube acquire the specialized structural and/or functional features of medial motor column neurons. Medial motor column neurons are generated at all rostrocaudal levels and send axons to the axial muscles (medial group) and to the body wall muscles (lateral group). Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021531 spinal cord radial glial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the ventral neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of radial glial cells. Radial cell precursors differentiate into both neuronal cell types and mature radial glial cells. Mature radial glial cells regulate the axon growth and pathfinding processes that occur during white matter patterning of the developing spinal cord. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0021702 cerebellar Purkinje cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature cerebellar Purkinje cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a Purkinje cell fate. A Purkinje cell is an inhibitory GABAergic neuron found in the cerebellar cortex that projects to the deep cerebellar nuclei and brain stem.
2010-12-17 GO:0021710 cerebellar stellate cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature cerebellar stellate cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a cerebellar stellate cell fate. A cerebellar stellate cell is an inhibitory GABAergic interneuron found in the cerebellar cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0021859 pyramidal neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a neuroblast or one of its progeny commits to a pyramidal neuron fate, migrates from the ventricular zone to the appropriate layer in the cortex and develops into a mature neuron.
2010-12-17 GO:0021877 forebrain neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron that resides in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0021878 forebrain astrocyte fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an astrocyte that resides in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0021893 cerebral cortex GABAergic interneuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a neuroblast becomes restricted such that it will develop into a GABAergic interneuron residing in the cerebral cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0023054 obsolete signal initiation by stretch effect Added DEFINITION The process in which a stretch signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0023068 obsolete signal transmission via phloem Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is conveyed via the phloem.
2010-12-17 GO:0040001 establishment of mitotic spindle localization Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which the directed movement of the mitotic spindle to a specific location in the cell occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0042093 T-helper cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized thymocyte acquires specialized features of a T-helper cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0042491 auditory receptor cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an auditory hair cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043367 CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized T cell acquires specialized features of a mature CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043374 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized T cell acquires specialized features of a mature CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072297 specification of metanephric proximal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the proximal tubule of the metanephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072312 metanephric glomerular epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a metanephric glomerular epithelial cell. Metanephric glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the metanephric glomerulus; there are two types, metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells and metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072315 metanephric glomerular epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a metanephric glomerular epithelial cell. Metanephric glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the metanephric glomerulus; there are two types, metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells and metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072499 photoreceptor cell axon guidance Added DEFINITION The chemotaxis process that directs the migration of a photoreceptor cell axon growth cone to its target in the optic lobe in response to a combination of attractive and repulsive cues.
2010-12-17 GO:0075035 maturation of appressorium on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which specialized features of the symbiont appressorium are acquired post initiation, to aid in infection of the host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075058 modulation of symbiont penetration peg initiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of penetration peg initiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell start to acquire the characteristics of a mature penetration peg when the symbiont penetrates its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075081 modulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075086 negative regulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075089 negative regulation by host of symbiont G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075090 modulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075094 positive regulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075104 positive regulation by host of symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075107 positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase activity Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the host adenylate cyclase activity, which involves catalysis of the reaction: ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075109 modulation by symbiont of host receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The receptor is defined as a protein on the cell membrane or within the cytoplasm or cell nucleus that binds to a specific molecule (a ligand) such as a neurotransmitter or a hormone or other substance, and initiates the cellular response to the ligand. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075111 negative regulation by symbiont of host receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075149 negative regulation of signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075178 positive regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075181 positive regulation of symbiont transcription in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its transcription as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075183 infection cushion formation on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which an organized mass of hyphae is formed on or near the host organism, and numerous infective hyphae develop from the hyphae mass. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075209 positive regulation by symbiont of host cAMP-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075244 regulation of oospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of oospore formation, a process in which male and female gametangia develop and fuse to form a thick-walled resting spore of oomycetes.
2010-12-17 GO:0075248 regulation of aeciospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of aeciospore formation, a process in which a dikaryotic spore of typically a rust fungus is produced in an aecium.
2010-12-17 GO:0075261 positive regulation of spore-bearing organ development Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of spore-bearing organ development, a process in which hyphae grow into special aggregates called fruiting bodies that produce new spores.
2010-12-17 GO:0002098 tRNA wobble uridine modification Added DEFINITION The process in which a uridine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2010-12-17 GO:0002130 wobble position ribose methylation Added DEFINITION The process in which the ribose base of the nucleotide at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally methylated at the 2'O position.
2010-12-17 GO:0002132 wobble position uridine ribose methylation Added DEFINITION The process in which the ribose of uridine at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally methylated at the 2'-O position.
2010-12-17 GO:0002268 follicular dendritic cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a follicular dendritic cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002315 marginal zone B cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a B cell in the spleen acquires the specialized features of a marginal zone B cell. Marginal zone B cells are localized in a distinct anatomical region of the spleen that represents the major antigen-filtering and scavenging area (by specialized macrophages resident there). It appears that they are preselected to express a BCR repertoire similar to B-1 B cells, biased toward bacterial cell wall constituents and senescent self-components (such as oxidized LDL).
2010-12-17 GO:0002521 leukocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized hemopoietic precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a leukocyte. A leukocyte is an achromatic cell of the myeloid or lymphoid lineages capable of ameboid movement, found in blood or other tissue.
2010-12-17 GO:0003010 voluntary skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process in which force is generated within voluntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the voluntary skeletal muscle, the muscle contraction takes advantage of an ordered sarcomeric structure and it is under voluntary control. Voluntary skeletal muscle is skeletal muscle that is under conscious control.
2010-12-17 GO:0060690 epithelial cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of an epithelial cell of the salivary gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0060889 limb basal epidermal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a limb epidermal basal cell. A epidermal basal cell cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into more specialized cell of the limb epidermis.
2010-12-17 GO:0060942 neural crest-derived cardiac fibroblast cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a neural crest cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardiac fibroblast. A cardiac fibroblast is a connective tissue cell in the heart which secretes an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
2010-12-17 GO:0061046 regulation of branching involved in lung morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of the process in which a highly ordered sequence of patterning events generates the branched structures of the lung, consisting of reiterated combinations of bud outgrowth, elongation, and dichotomous subdivision of terminal units.
2010-12-17 GO:0061100 lung neuroendocrine cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuroendocrine cell of the lung epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0061130 pancreatic bud formation Added DEFINITION The morphogenetic process in which the foregut region specified to become the pancreas forms a bud.
2010-12-17 GO:0072161 mesenchymal cell differentiation involved in kidney development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesenchymal cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072193 ureter smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell in the ureter.
2010-12-17 GO:0072276 metanephric glomerulus vasculature morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the metanephric glomerulus vasculature are generated and organized. The metanephric glomerulus vasculature is composed of the tubule structures that carry blood or lymph in the metanephric glomerulus.
2010-12-17 GO:0072282 metanephric nephron tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a metanephric nephron tubule are generated and organized. A metanephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the metanephric nephron, the functional part of the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072495 host cell Cajal body Added DEFINITION A class of nuclear body in the eukaryotic host cell, first seen after silver staining by Ramon y Cajal in 1903, enriched in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins, and certain general RNA polymerase II transcription factors; ultrastructurally, they appear as a tangle of coiled, electron-dense threads roughly 0.5 micrometers in diameter; involved in aspects of snRNP biogenesis; the protein coilin serves as a marker for Cajal bodies. Some argue that Cajal bodies are the sites for preassembly of transcriptosomes, unitary particles involved in transcription and processing of RNA. The host is the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075033 septum formation involved in appressorium formation on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which a symbiont partition is formed to separate the appressorium from the germination tube, occurring on or near the exterior of its host organism during appressorium formation. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060508 lung basal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of a mature basal cell found in the lung. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate. A basal cell is an epithelial stem cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0060524 dichotomous subdivision of prostate epithelial cord terminal unit Added DEFINITION The process in which a prostate epithelial cord bifurcates at its end.
2010-12-17 GO:0060601 lateral sprouting from an epithelium Added DEFINITION The process in which a branch forms along the side of an epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0060642 white fat cell differentiation involved in mammary gland fat development Added DEFINITION The process in which a preadipocyte acquires specialized features of a white adipocyte of the mammary gland. White adipocytes have cytoplasmic lipids arranged in a unique vacuole.
2010-12-17 GO:0075113 positive regulation by symbiont of host transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075125 positive regulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075126 negative regulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein beta subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075127 modulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075129 negative regulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075148 positive regulation of signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075151 positive regulation of receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075155 negative regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075161 negative regulation of G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075177 regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075182 negative regulation of symbiont transcription in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its transcription as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075191 autophagy of host cells on or near symbiont surface Added DEFINITION The process in which the host cells digest parts of their own cytoplasm, occurring when the host is on or near its symbiont surface. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075206 positive regulation by host of symbiont cAMP-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075212 positive regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075286 regulation of sporangiospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of sporangiospore formation, a process in which sporangiospores, a type of asexual spore found in fungi, are formed. Sporangiospores are formed within sac-like structure, the sporangium, following the division of the cytoplasm.
2010-12-17 GO:0075291 positive regulation of aplanospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of aplanospore formation, a process in which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075292 negative regulation of aplanospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of aplanospore formation, a process in which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075296 positive regulation of ascospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of ascospore formation, a process in which a sexual spore, named ascospore, from Ascomycete fungi was produced inside an ascus.
2010-12-17 GO:0019645 anaerobic electron transport chain Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby a series of electron carriers operate together to transfer electrons from donors such as NADH and FADH2 to any of several different terminal electron acceptors other than oxygen to generate a transmembrane electrochemical gradient.
2010-12-17 GO:0003094 glomerular filtration Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby plasma is filtered through the glomerular membrane which consists of capillary endothelial cells, the basement membrane, and epithelial cells. The glomerular filtrate is the same as plasma except it has no significant amount of protein.
2010-12-17 GO:0048923 posterior lateral line neuromast hair cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a posterior lateral line neuromast hair cell. (N.B. This may be development of neuromast hair cell type or a set of cell of neuromast hair cell type. This will involve the change of a cell or set of cells from one cell identity to another). Hair cells are the sensory receptors of the neuromast and are located in a portion of the neuromast called the sensory strip. Each hair cell of the neuromast is morphologically polarized as a result of the relative position of the single kinocilium and the clusters of stereocilia on its apical surface. There are approximately seven hair cells within each neuromast, with each hair cell innervated by afferent and efferent neurons.
2010-12-17 GO:0048624 plantlet formation on parent plant Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a new plantlet develops from a meristem on the plant body. As part of this process, when the plantlet is large enough to live independently, the physical connection between the new plantlet and the main plant is severed.
2010-12-17 GO:0072085 specification of connecting tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the connecting tubule of the kidney nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072139 glomerular parietal epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a glomerular parietal epithelial cell. Glomerular parietal epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form tight junctions as a barrier to protein transport.
2010-12-17 GO:0072169 specification of posterior mesonephric tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules of the posterior mesonephros acquire their identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0075116 positive regulation by symbiont of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0023005 obsolete signal initiation by neurotransmitter Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a neurotransmitter signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0002302 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation involved in immune response Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby an antigenically nave CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell acquires the specialized features of an effector, regulatory, or memory T cell as part of an immune response. Effector T cells include cells which provide T cell help or exhibit cytotoxicity towards other cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0003413 chondrocyte differentiation involved in endochondral bone morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a chondroblast acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a chondrocyte that will contribute to the development of a bone. A chondrocyte is a polymorphic cell that forms cartilage.
2010-12-17 GO:0075147 regulation of signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0042676 compound eye cone cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the cone cells of the compound eye, the lens-secreting cells in the ommatidia, adopt pathways of differentiation that lead to the establishment of their distinct cell type.
2010-12-17 GO:0032888 regulation of mitotic spindle elongation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cell cycle process whereby the distance is lengthened between poles of the mitotic spindle.
2010-12-17 GO:0072278 metanephric comma-shaped body morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the metanephric comma-shaped body is generated and organized. The metanephric comma-shaped body is the precursor structure to the metanephric S-shaped body that contributes to the morphogenesis of a nephron in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0075120 negative regulation by symbiont of host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0061005 cell differentiation involved in kidney development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0003418 growth plate cartilage chondrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a chondroblast acquires specialized structural and/or functional features of a chondrocyte that will contribute to the growth of a bone. A chondrocyte is a polymorphic cell that forms cartilage.
2010-12-17 GO:0022619 generative cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a generative cell. The generative cell gives rise to the sperm cells in the male gametophyte.
2010-12-17 GO:0072281 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation involved in metanephric nephron morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal stem cell that contributes to the shaping of a nephronin the metanephros. A mesenchymal stem cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0016344 meiotic chromosome movement towards spindle pole Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the directed movement of chromosomes from the center of the spindle towards the spindle poles takes place, mediated by the shortening of microtubules attached to the chromosomes. This occurs during meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0021877 forebrain neuron fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron that resides in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0072069 DCT cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the distal convoluted tubule cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0075206 positive regulation by host of symbiont cAMP-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075104 positive regulation by host of symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0071895 odontoblast differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell of neural crest origin acquires the specialized features of an odontoblast, a cell on the outer surface of the dental pulp whose biological function is the creation of dentine.
2010-12-17 GO:0023041 neuronal signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby an activated neuronal cell receptor conveys information down a signaling pathway, resulting in a change in the function or state of a cell. This process may be intracellular or intercellular.
2010-12-17 GO:0090378 seed trichome elongation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a seed trichome irreversibly increases in size in one [spatial] dimension or along one axis, resulting in the morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0010756 positive regulation of plasminogen activation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of plasminogen activation. Plasminogen activation is the process whereby plasminogen is processed to plasmin.
2010-12-17 GO:0060085 smooth muscle relaxation of the bladder outlet Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby the extent of smooth muscle contraction is reduced in the bladder outlet that contributes to the expulsion of urine from the body.
2010-12-17 GO:0048657 anther wall tapetum cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a tapetal cell. The tapetum is a layer of cells that provides a source of nutrition for the pollen grains as they mature.
2010-12-17 GO:0042138 meiotic DNA double-strand break formation Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby double-strand breaks are generated at defined hotspots throughout the genome during meiosis I. This results in the initiation of meiotic recombination.
2010-12-17 GO:0072130 renal capsule specification Deleted DEFINITION The regionalization process by which the identity of the renal capsule is specified. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2010-12-17 GO:0001560 regulation of cell growth by extracellular stimulus Deleted DEFINITION Any process whereby external signals modulate the frequency, rate or extent of cell growth, the irreversible increase in size of a cell over time.
2010-12-17 GO:0014846 esophagus smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the esophagus. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The esophagus is the muscular membranous segment between the pharynx and the stomach in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
2010-12-17 GO:0060956 endocardial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of an endocardial cell. An endocardial cell is a specialized endothelial cell that makes up the endocardium portion of the heart. The endocardium is the innermost layer of tissue of the heart, and lines the heart chambers.
2010-12-17 GO:0010654 apical cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an apical cell. The apical cell is the upper cell formed after the first division of the zygote.
2010-12-17 GO:0023012 obsolete initiation of T cell receptor signaling by binding of a MHC complex to T cell receptor Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby binding of an MHC complex to T cell receptor causes activation of T cell receptor signaling.
2010-12-17 GO:0060479 lung cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of a mature cell found in the lung. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0060509 Type I pneumocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Type I pneumocyte. A type I pneumocyte is a flattened cell with greatly attenuated cytoplasm and a paucity of organelles.
2010-12-17 GO:0060580 ventral spinal cord interneuron fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a ventral spinal cord interneuron regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed. Ventral spinal cord interneurons are cells located in the ventral portion of the spinal cord that transmit signals between sensory and motor neurons and are required for reflexive responses.
2010-12-17 GO:0060678 dichotomous subdivision of terminal units involved in ureteric bud branching Added DEFINITION The process in which a ureteric bud bifurcates at its end.
2010-12-17 GO:0010742 macrophage derived foam cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a monocyte acquires the specialized features of a foam cell. A foam cell is a type of cell containing lipids in small vacuoles and typically seen in atherosclerotic lesions, as well as other conditions.
2010-12-17 GO:0010779 meiotic DNA repair synthesis involved in meiotic gene conversion Added DEFINITION The synthesis of DNA proceeding from the broken 3' single-strand DNA end that uses the homologous intact duplex as the template resulting in meiotic gene conversion. Meiotic gene conversion is the cell cycle process in which genetic information is transferred from one helix to another.
2010-12-17 GO:0010781 meiotic DNA double-strand break formation involved in meiotic gene conversion Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which double-strand breaks are generated at defined hotspots throughout the genome during meiosis I resulting in meiotic gene conversion. Meiotic gene conversion is the cell cycle process in which genetic information is transferred from one helix to another.
2010-12-17 GO:0014004 microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell. Microglia are glial cells that act as the immune cells of the central nervous system. They form part of the supporting structure of this system.
2010-12-17 GO:0075272 regulation of zygosporangium development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of zygosporangium development, a process by which a fruiting body called zygosporangium is formed.
2010-12-17 GO:0055047 generative cell mitosis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the generative cell divides by mitosis to form two haploid cells. These will subsequently differentiate into sperm cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0061207 mesonephric juxtaglomerulus cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the juxtaglomerulus cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061230 mesonephric juxtaglomerulus cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a mesonephric juxtaglomerulus cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0061330 Malpighian tubule stellate cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Malpighian tubule stellate cell. A Malpighian tubule stellate cell is a specialized epithelial secretory cell that moves chloride ions and water across the tubule epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0070197 meiotic attachment of telomere to nuclear envelope Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which physical connections are formed between telomeres and the nuclear envelope, facilitating bouquet formation.
2010-12-17 GO:0071423 malate transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION A process in which a malate ion is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0071825 protein-lipid complex subunit organization Added DEFINITION Any process in which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a protein-lipid complex.
2010-12-17 GO:0071831 intermediate-density lipoprotein particle clearance Added DEFINITION The process in which a intermediate-density lipoprotein particle is removed from the blood via receptor-mediated endocytosis and its constituent parts degraded.
2010-12-17 GO:0072005 maintenance of kidney identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the identity of a kidney is maintained. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2010-12-17 GO:0072037 mesenchymal stem cell differentiation involved in nephron morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal stem cell that contributes to the shaping of a nephron. A mesenchymal stem cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072148 epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into an epithelial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072250 metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072254 metanephric glomerular mesangial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the glomerular mesangial cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072260 metanephric interstitial fibroblast fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a metanephric interstitial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072275 metanephric glomerulus morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the metanephric glomerulus are generated and organized. The metanephric glomerulus is a capillary tuft surrounded by Bowman's capsule in nephrons of the vertebrate kidney, or metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072284 metanephric S-shaped body morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the metanephric S-shaped body is generated and organized. The metanephric S-shaped body is the successor of the metanephric comma-shaped body that contributes to the morphogenesis of a nephron in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072288 metanephric proximal tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a metanephric proximal tubule are generated and organized. The metanephric proximal tubule is a metanephric nephron tubule that connects Bowman's capsule to the descending thin limb of the loop of Henle in the metanephros. It has a brush border epithelial morphology.
2010-12-17 GO:0061137 bud dilation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a branch bud increases radially. A branch bud is the initial area of outgrowth in the formation of a new branch.
2010-12-17 GO:0070365 hepatocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a hepatocyte. A hepatocyte is specialized epithelial cell that is organized into interconnected plates called lobules, and is the main structural component of the liver.
2010-12-17 GO:0075289 aplanospore formation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075179 negative regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0051255 spindle midzone assembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle midzone. The spindle midzone is the area in the center of the spindle where the spindle microtubules from opposite poles overlap.
2010-12-17 GO:0023037 obsolete signal initiation by light Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a light signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0075084 modulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0090292 nuclear matrix anchoring at nuclear membrane Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the nuclear matrix, the dense fibrillar network lying on the inner side of the nuclear membrane, is directly or indirectly linked to the nuclear membrane.
2010-12-17 GO:0075170 negative regulation of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0002299 alpha-beta intraepithelial T cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of an alpha-beta intraepithelial T cell. Intraepithelial T cells are found among epithelial cells in mucosal areas and have distinct phenotypes and developmental pathways.
2010-12-17 GO:0075209 positive regulation by symbiont of host cAMP-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cAMP-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060488 orthogonal dichotomous subdivision of terminal units involved in lung branching morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a lung bud bifurcates perpendicular to the plane of the previous bud.
2010-12-17 GO:0051145 smooth muscle cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell; smooth muscle lacks transverse striations in its constituent fibers and are almost always involuntary.
2010-12-17 GO:0051333 meiotic nuclear envelope reassembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the reformation of the nuclear envelope during meiosis occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0021773 striatal medium spiny neuron differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a medium spiny neuron residing in the striatum.
2010-12-17 GO:0021525 lateral motor column neuron differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby differentiating motor neurons in the neural tube acquire the specialized structural and/or functional features of lateral motor column neurons. Lateral motor column neurons are generated only on limb levels and send axons into the limb mesenchyme. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0075260 regulation of spore-bearing organ development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of spore-bearing organ development, a process by which hyphae grow into special aggregates called fruiting bodies that produce new spores.
2010-12-17 GO:0007064 mitotic sister chromatid cohesion Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the sister chromatids of a replicated chromosome are joined along the entire length of the chromosome, from their formation in S phase through metaphase during a mitotic cell cycle. This cohesion cycle is critical for high fidelity chromosome transmission.
2010-12-17 GO:0035350 FAD transmembrane transport Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby flavin-adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. FAD forms the coenzyme of the prosthetic group of various flavoprotein oxidoreductase enzymes, in which it functions as an electron acceptor by being reversibly converted to its reduced form.
2010-12-17 GO:0072162 metanephric mesenchymal cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesenchymal cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0010780 meiotic DNA double-strand break formation involved in reciprocal meiotic recombination Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby double-strand breaks are generated at defined hotspots throughout the genome during meiosis I resulting in meiotic recombination. Meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0072004 kidney field specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which regions of the embryo are delineated into the area in which the kidney rudiment will develop.
2010-12-17 GO:0035315 hair cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a hair cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0035353 nicotinamide mononucleotide transmembrane transport Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby nicotinamide mononucleotide is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore. Nicotinamide mononucleotide is a ribonucleotide in which the nitrogenous base, nicotinamide, is in beta-n-glycosidic linkage with the c-1 position of d-ribose. It is a constituent of NAD and NADP.
2010-12-17 GO:0003387 neuron differentiation involved in amphid sensory organ development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron that contributes to the progression of the amphid sensory gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0001865 NK T cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a NK T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075085 positive regulation by host of symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075096 modulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075097 positive regulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0048908 anterior lateral line ganglion neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron of the anterior lateral line ganglion.
2010-12-17 GO:0048928 posterior lateral line ganglion neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron of the posterior lateral line ganglion.
2010-12-17 GO:0048934 peripheral nervous system neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron whose cell body resides in the peripheral nervous system.
2010-12-17 GO:0050873 brown fat cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a brown adipocyte, an animal connective tissue cell involved in adaptive thermogenesis. Brown adipocytes contain multiple small droplets of triglycerides and a high number of mitochondria.
2010-12-17 GO:0050931 pigment cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a pigmented cell, such as a melanocyte.
2010-12-17 GO:0050935 iridophore differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of an iridophore. Iridophores are pigment cells derived from the neural crest. They contain guanidine or other purine crystals deposited in stacks called reflecting platets or iridisomes. This gives them a silver, gold, or iridescent appearance.
2010-12-17 GO:0051178 meiotic chromosome decondensation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which chromosome structure is altered from the condensed form held during meiosis to the relaxed dispersed form held in resting cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0051316 attachment of spindle microtubules to kinetochore involved in meiotic chromosome segregation Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which spindle microtubules become physically associated with the proteins making up the kinetochore complex contributing to meiotic chromosome segregation.
2010-12-17 GO:0051890 regulation of cardioblast differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cardioblast differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized mesodermal cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-17 GO:0072248 metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A metanephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0035555 obsolete initiation of Roundabout signal transduction Added DEFINITION The process in which a SLIT protein causes activation of the receptor, Roundabout (ROBO).
2010-12-17 GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction Added DEFINITION The process in which a signal is passed on to downstream components within the cell, which become activated themselves to further propagate the signal and finally trigger a change in the function or state of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0035625 epidermal growth factor-activated receptor transactivation by G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The process in which an epidermal growth factor receptor is activated via signaling events from a G-protein coupled receptor. This is an example of cross-talk between the EGFR and GPCR signaling pathways.
2010-12-17 GO:0075072 autophagy of symbiont cells involved in interaction with host Added DEFINITION The process in which symbiont cells digest parts of their own cytoplasm during interaction with its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075091 positive regulation by host of symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075099 modulation by host of symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075101 negative regulation by host of symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060598 dichotomous subdivision of terminal units involved in mammary gland duct morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the terminal end of a mammary duct bifurcates.
2010-12-17 GO:0060629 regulation of homologous chromosome segregation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of homologous chromosome segregation, the cell cycle process in which replicated homologous chromosomes are organized and then physically separated and apportioned to two sets during the first division of the meiotic cell cycle. Each replicated chromosome, composed of two sister chromatids, aligns at the cell equator, paired with its homologous partner; this pairing off, referred to as synapsis, permits genetic recombination. One homolog (both sister chromatids) of each morphologic type goes into each of the resulting chromosome sets.
2010-12-17 GO:0060671 epithelial cell differentiation involved in embryonic placenta development Added DEFINITION The process in which a trophoblast cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell of the placental labyrinthine layer.
2010-12-17 GO:0060692 mesenchymal cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell of the salivary gland. A mesenchymal cell is a loosely associated cell that is part of the connective tissue in an organism. Mesenchymal cells give rise to more mature connective tissue cell types.
2010-12-17 GO:0060704 acinar cell differentiation involved in salivary gland development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize an acinar cell of the salivary gland. Acinar cells are protein-secreting cells in the gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0060837 blood vessel endothelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a blood vessel endothelial cell, a thin flattened cell that lines the inside surfaces of blood vessels.
2010-12-17 GO:0060951 neural crest-derived cardiac glial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a neural crest cell acquires the specialized features of a glial cell of the heart.
2010-12-17 GO:0060960 cardiac neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron of the heart.
2010-12-17 GO:0061005 cell differentiation involved in kidney development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the kidney as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061208 cell differentiation involved in mesonephros development Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061250 mesonephric glomerular epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesonephric glomerular epithelial cell. Mesonephric glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the mesonephric glomerulus; there are two types, mesonephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells and mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0061256 mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the mesonephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0061330 Malpighian tubule stellate cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Malpighian tubule stellate cell. A Malpighian tubule stellate cell is a specialized epithelial secretory cell that moves chloride ions and water across the tubule epithelium.
2010-12-17 GO:0051315 attachment of mitotic spindle microtubules to kinetochore Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby spindle microtubules become physically associated with the proteins making up the kinetochore complex during mitosis. During mitosis, the kinetochores of sister chromosomes are situated facing opposite spindle poles and bipolar attachment of the sister chromosomes to the spindle occurs.
2010-12-17 GO:0046551 retinal cone cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a retinal cone cell. A retinal cone cell is one of the two photoreceptor subtypes in a camera-type eye.
2010-12-17 GO:0061046 regulation of branching involved in lung morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of the process whereby a highly ordered sequence of patterning events generates the branched structures of the lung, consisting of reiterated combinations of bud outgrowth, elongation, and dichotomous subdivision of terminal units.
2010-12-17 GO:0021839 interneuron-substratum interaction involved in interneuron migration from the subpallium to the cortex Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby migrating interneurons interact with an external substratum as a component of migration from the subpallium to the cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0075127 modulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein gamma subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0090142 mitochondrial chromosome segregation Added DEFINITION The process in which genetic material of the mitochondrion, in the form of the mitochondrial chromosome, is organized and then physically separated and apportioned to two or more sets.
2010-12-17 GO:0090167 Golgi distribution to daughter cells Added DEFINITION Any process in which disassembled Golgi vesicles are localized into daughter cells upon cell division.
2010-12-17 GO:0090190 positive regulation of branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis, the process in which the branching structure of the ureteric bud is generated and organized. The ureteric bud is an epithelial tube that grows out from the metanephric duct. The bud elongates and branches to give rise to the ureter and kidney collecting tubules.
2010-12-17 GO:0090199 regulation of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, the process in which cytochrome c is enabled to move from the mitochondrial intermembrane space into the cytosol, which is an early step in apoptosis and leads to caspase activation.
2010-12-17 GO:0090305 nucleic acid phosphodiester bond hydrolysis Added DEFINITION The nucleic acid metabolic process in which the phosphodiester bonds between nucleotides are cleaved by hydrolysis.
2010-12-17 GO:0090335 regulation of brown fat cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of brown fat cell differentiation. Brown fat cell differentiation is the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a brown adipocyte, an animal connective tissue cell involved in adaptive thermogenesis. Brown adipocytes contain multiple small droplets of triglycerides and a high number of mitochondria.
2010-12-17 GO:0090376 seed trichome differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized epidermal cell acquires the specialized features of a seed trichome. A seed trichome is a trichome that develops from seed coat epidermis and is often long with putative dispersal function.
2010-12-17 GO:0090378 seed trichome elongation Added DEFINITION The process in which a seed trichome irreversibly increases in size in one [spatial] dimension or along one axis, resulting in the morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0001560 regulation of cell growth by extracellular stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process in which external signals modulate the frequency, rate or extent of cell growth, the irreversible increase in size of a cell over time.
2010-12-17 GO:0001649 osteoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of an osteoblast, the mesodermal cell that gives rise to bone.
2010-12-17 GO:0001779 natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a natural killer cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002272 plasmacytoid dendritic cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature plasmacytoid dendritic cell acquires the specialized features of a mature plasmacytoid dendritic cell contributing to an immune response.
2010-12-17 GO:0002304 gamma-delta intraepithelial T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a gamma-delta intraepithelial T cell. Intraepithelial T cells are found among epithelial cells in mucosal areas and have distinct phenotypes and developmental pathways.
2010-12-17 GO:0002307 CD8-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a CD8-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002321 natural killer cell progenitor differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a natural killer cell progenitor.
2010-12-17 GO:0002361 CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0002572 pro-T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a precursor cell type acquires the specialized features of a pro-T cell. Pro-T cells are the earliest stage of the T cell lineage but are not fully committed.
2010-12-17 GO:0002573 myeloid leukocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of any cell of the myeloid leukocyte lineage.
2010-12-17 GO:0002574 thrombocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a thrombocyte, a nucleated cell found in all vertebrates but mammals involved in hemostasis.
2010-12-17 GO:0003310 pancreatic A cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and functional features of a pancreatic A cell. A pancreatic A cell is a cell in the pancreas that secretes glucagon.
2010-12-17 GO:0003357 noradrenergic neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an noradrenergic neuron, a neuron that secretes noradrenaline.
2010-12-17 GO:0003387 neuron differentiation involved in amphid sensory organ development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuron that contributes to the progression of the amphid sensory gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0007343 egg activation Added DEFINITION The process in which the egg becomes metabolically active, initiates protein and DNA synthesis and undergoes structural changes to its cortex and/or cytoplasm.
2010-12-17 GO:0007379 segment specification Added DEFINITION The process in which segments assume individual identities; exemplified in insects by the actions of the products of the homeotic genes.
2010-12-17 GO:0007463 R2/R5 cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the R2/R5 photoreceptors commit to their cell fate. R2 and R5 are paired photoreceptors which contribute the outer rhabdomeres.
2010-12-17 GO:0009563 synergid differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which an uncellularized nucleus cellularizes and acquires the specialized features of a synergid cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0010520 regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0010774 meiotic strand invasion involved in reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate resulting in meiotic recombination. Meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process in which double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2010-12-17 GO:0014018 neuroblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a neuroblast in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-17 GO:0061258 mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell. A mesonephric glomerular visceral epithelial cell is a specialized epithelial cell that contains "feet" that interdigitate with the "feet" of other glomerular epithelial cells in the mesonephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0061260 mesonephric mesangial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesangial cells of the mesonephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061264 mesonephric glomerular mesangial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a mesonephric glomerular mesangial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0061265 mesonephric nephron tubule epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the mesonephric nephron tubule as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0061320 pericardial nephrocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a pericardial nephrocyte. A pericardial nephrocyte is a renal cell that filters hemolymph and is found with other pericardial nephrocytes in two rows flanking the dorsal vessel. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0071824 protein-DNA complex subunit organization Added DEFINITION Any process in which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a protein-DNA complex.
2010-12-17 GO:0071921 cohesin loading Added DEFINITION A process in which a cohesin complex is transported to, or maintained at, a part of a chromosome that is organized into chromatin.
2010-12-17 GO:0072047 proximal/distal pattern formation involved in nephron development Added DEFINITION The regionalization process in which specific areas of cell differentiation are determined along a proximal/distal axis of a nephron. The proximal/distal axis is defined by a line that runs from the center of the kidney (proximal end) outward (distal end).
2010-12-17 GO:0072081 specification of nephron tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules arranged along the proximal/distal axis of the nephron acquire their identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0061320 pericardial nephrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized structural and/or functional features of a pericardial nephrocyte. A pericardial nephrocyte is a renal cell that filters hemolymph and is found with other pericardial nephrocytes in two rows flanking the dorsal vessel. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate and its subsequent development to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0007463 R2/R5 cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the R2/R5 photoreceptors commit to their cell fate. R2 and R5 are paired photoreceptors which contribute the outer rhabdomeres.
2010-12-17 GO:0072133 metanephric mesenchyme morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a metanephric mesenchymal tissue are generated and organized. Metanephric mesenchyme is the tissue made up of loosely connected mesenchymal cells in the metanephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0045063 T-helper 1 cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized T cell acquires the specialized features of a Th1 cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0014017 neuroblast fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will differentiate into a neuroblast.
2010-12-17 GO:0002143 tRNA wobble position uridine thiolation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a uridine residue at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally thiolated at the C2 position. This process involves transfer of a sulfur from cysteine to position C2 by several steps.
2010-12-17 GO:0022620 vegetative cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a vegetative cell. The vegetative cell is gives rise to the pollen tube.
2010-12-17 GO:0035483 gastric emptying Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the liquid and liquid-suspended solid contents of the stomach exit through the pylorus into the duodenum.
2010-12-17 GO:0075016 appressorium formation on or near host Added DEFINITION The process in which a swollen, flattened portion of a symbiont filament is formed on or near its host organism, to adhere to and for the purpose of penetrating the host surface. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075059 positive regulation of symbiont penetration peg initiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of symbiont penetration peg initiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell starts to acquire the characteristics of a mature penetration peg during the symbiont penetrating into its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060487 lung epithelial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell that contributes to the epithelium of the lung.
2010-12-17 GO:0075177 regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075077 negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase activity Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont adenylate cyclase activity, which catalyze the reaction: ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0072195 kidney smooth muscle cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell in the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0075100 positive regulation by host of symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0007462 R1/R6 cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the R1/R6 photoreceptors commit to their cell fate. R1 and R6 are paired photoreceptors which contribute the outer rhabdomeres.
2010-12-17 GO:0090392 sepal giant cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sepal giant cell. A sepal giant cell is a pavement cell that is part of the sepal epidermis and stretches one fifth the length of the sepal with a chromosome content of 16C.
2010-12-17 GO:0061017 hepatoblast differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a hepatoblast. A hepatoblast is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes.
2010-12-17 GO:0022023 radial glial cell fate commitment in forebrain Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a radial glial cell in the forebrain.
2010-12-17 GO:0075121 modulation by symbiont of host signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host signal transduction mediated by G-protein alpha subunit. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060742 epithelial cell differentiation involved in prostate gland development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an epithelial cell of the prostate gland.
2010-12-17 GO:0021701 cerebellar Golgi cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby neuroblasts acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mature cerebellar Golgi cell. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a neuroblast to a Golgi cell fate. A cerebellar Golgi cell is an inhibitory GABAergic interneuron found in the cerebellar cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0007083 mitotic chromosome decondensation Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby chromosome structure is altered from the condensed form taken on during mitosis to the relaxed disperse form held in resting cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0075134 positive regulation by symbiont of host calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0048756 sieve cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sieve cell. A sieve cell is a type of sieve element that has relatively undifferentiated sieve areas (with narrow pores). The sieve areas are rather uniform in structure on all walls; that is, there are no sieve plates. Typical of gymnosperms and lower vascular plants. The sieve element is the cell in the phloem tissue concerned with mainly longitudinal conduction of food materials.
2010-12-17 GO:0060479 lung cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells, e.g. embryonic or regenerative cells, acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of a mature cell found in the lung. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2010-12-17 GO:0060217 hemangioblast cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the characteristics of a mature hemangioblast. Hemangioblasts are the proposed common precursor of blood and endothelial lineages.
2010-12-17 GO:0060377 negative regulation of mast cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of mast cell differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a mast cell. A mast cell is a cell that is found in almost all tissues containing numerous basophilic granules and capable of releasing large amounts of histamine and heparin upon activation.
2010-12-17 GO:0060441 epithelial tube branching involved in lung morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which a highly ordered sequence of patterning events generates the branched epithelial tubes of the lung, consisting of reiterated combinations of bud outgrowth, elongation, and dichotomous subdivision of terminal units.
2010-12-17 GO:0060486 Clara cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Clara cell. A Clara cell is an unciliated epithelial cell found in the respiratory and terminal bronchioles.
2010-12-17 GO:0060510 Type II pneumocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a Type II pneumocyte. A Type II pneumocyte is a surfactant secreting cell that contains abundant cytoplasm containing numerous lipid-rich multilamellar bodies.
2010-12-17 GO:0060575 intestinal epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a columnar/cuboidal epithelial cell of the intestine.
2010-12-17 GO:0009560 embryo sac egg cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby an uncellularized embryo sac nucleus cellularizes and acquires the specialized features of an egg cell. An example of this process is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-17 GO:0072245 metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cell. Metanephric glomerular parietal epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form tight junctions as a barrier to protein transport.
2010-12-17 GO:0075250 negative regulation of aeciospore formation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of aeciospore formation, a process by which a dikaryotic spore of typically a rust fungus is produced in an aecium.
2010-12-17 GO:0060706 cell differentiation involved in embryonic placenta development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of the embryonic placenta.
2010-12-17 GO:0060889 limb basal epidermal cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a limb epidermal basal cell. A epidermal basal cell cell is a cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into more specialized cell of the limb epidermis.
2010-12-17 GO:0048927 posterior lateral line neuromast support cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a posterior lateral line neuromast support cell. Support cells are non-sensory cells of the neuromast that extend between the sensory hair cells from the basement membrane to the apical surface; they are surrounded by mantle cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072209 metanephric mesangial cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the mesangial cells of the metanephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0007060 male meiosis chromosome segregation Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby genetic material, in the form of chromosomes, is organized and then physically separated and apportioned to two or more sets during the meiotic cell cycle in a male.
2010-12-17 GO:0021892 cerebral cortex GABAergic interneuron differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a GABAergic interneuron residing in the cerebral cortex.
2010-12-17 GO:0002521 leukocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized hemopoietic precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a leukocyte. A leukocyte is an achromatic cell of the myeloid or lymphoid lineages capable of ameboid movement, found in blood or other tissue.
2010-12-17 GO:0085024 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology via protein secreted by Sec complex Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an organism (symbiont) effects a change in the structure or function of its host organism, mediated by a substance secreted by the Sec complex in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075160 positive regulation of G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its G-protein alpha subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0042386 hemocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the characteristics of a mature hemocyte. Hemocytes are blood cells associated with a hemocoel (the cavity containing most of the major organs of the arthropod body) which are involved in defense and clotting of hemolymph, but not involved in transport of oxygen.
2010-12-17 GO:0060079 excitatory postsynaptic potential Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) which is a temporay increase in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an EPSP is an excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and makes it easier for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2010-12-17 GO:0061307 cardiac neural crest cell differentiation involved in heart development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac neural crest cell that will migrate to the heart and contribute to its development. Cardiac neural crest cells are specialized cells that migrate toward the heart from the third, fourth and sixth pharyngeal arches.
2010-12-17 GO:0090204 protein localization to nuclear pore Deleted DEFINITION A process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a nuclear pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0048758 companion cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a companion cell. The companion cell is the specialized parenchyma cell associated with a sieve-tube member in angiosperm phloem and arising from the same mother cell as the sieve-tube member.
2010-12-17 GO:0072156 distal tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a distal tubule are generated and organized. The distal tubule is a nephron tubule that begins at the macula densa and extends to the connecting tubule.
2010-12-17 GO:0060377 negative regulation of mast cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of mast cell differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized myeloid precursor cell acquires the specialized features of a mast cell. A mast cell is a cell that is found in almost all tissues containing numerous basophilic granules and capable of releasing large amounts of histamine and heparin upon activation.
2010-12-17 GO:0021781 glial cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a glial cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0043147 meiotic spindle stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby spindle integrity is maintained during M phase of meiosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0075346 modification by symbiont of host protein by ubiquitination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an organism adds one or more ubiquitin groups to a protein of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0014037 Schwann cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a Schwann cell. Schwann cells are found in the peripheral nervous system, where they insulate neurons and axons, and regulate the environment in which neurons function.
2010-12-17 GO:0014836 myoblast fate commitment involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a satellite cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a myoblast cell. This occurs as part of skeletal muscle regeneration. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2010-12-17 GO:0014871 cross bridge formation involved in regulation of the velocity of shortening in skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION The process in which actin and myosin interact, split ATP and generate force during skeletal muscle contraction. This process is one of the components of the regulation of the force of skeletal muscle contraction.
2010-12-17 GO:0071990 maintenance of protein location to spindle pole body Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in a specific location at the spindle pole body, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2010-12-17 GO:0090329 regulation of DNA-dependent DNA replication Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of DNA-dependent DNA replication, the process whereby new strands of DNA are synthesized, using parental DNA as a template for the DNA-dependent DNA polymerases that synthesize the new strands.
2010-12-17 GO:0072115 head kidney morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the head kidney are generated and organized. The head kidney is a pronephros that consists of fused bilateral lobes located in the anterior part of the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0051314 attachment of spindle microtubules to mitotic chromosome Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby spindle microtubules become physically associated with a chromosome during mitosis.
2010-12-17 GO:0023038 obsolete signal initiation by diffusible mediator Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a diffusible signal causes activation of a receptor.
2010-12-17 GO:0039014 cell differentiation involved in pronephros development Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the pronephros as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0060718 chorionic trophoblast cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby relatively unspecialized cells of the ectoplacental cone acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize chorionic trophoblasts. These cells will migrate towards the spongiotrophoblast layer and give rise to syncytiotrophoblasts of the labyrinthine layer.
2010-12-17 GO:0055007 cardiac muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a cardiac muscle precursor cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac muscle cell. Cardiac muscle cells are striated muscle cells that are responsible for heart contraction.
2010-12-17 GO:0060079 excitatory postsynaptic potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) which is a temporary increase in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an EPSP is an excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and makes it easier for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2010-12-17 GO:0060163 subpallium neuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which in the subpallium, the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a neuron. The subpallium is the base region of the telencephalon.
2010-12-17 GO:0060221 retinal rod cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a retinal rod cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0060224 regulation of retinal rod cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a retinal rod cell. A retinal rod cell is one of the two photoreceptor subtypes in a camera-type eye.
2010-12-17 GO:0060480 lung goblet cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a lung goblet cell. A goblet cell is a cell of the epithelial lining that produces and secretes mucins.
2010-12-17 GO:0060529 squamous basal epithelial stem cell differentiation involved in prostate gland acinus development Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized epithelial cell acquires specialized features of a squamous basal epithelial stem cell of the prostate.
2010-12-17 GO:0060579 ventral spinal cord interneuron fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a ventral spinal cord interneuron. Ventral spinal cord interneurons are cells located in the ventral portion of the spinal cord that transmit signals between sensory and motor neurons and are required for reflexive responses.
2010-12-17 GO:0075117 negative regulation by symbiont of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of host transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075119 positive regulation by symbiont of host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075131 positive regulation by symbiont of host protein kinase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075167 negative regulation of G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075171 regulation of MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075213 negative regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont transmembrane receptor-mediated cAMP signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075239 zoospore formation Added DEFINITION The process in which a diploid cell undergoes meiosis, and the meiotic products acquire specialized features of asexual motile mononucleate flagellated spores called zoospores.
2010-12-17 GO:0075241 positive regulation of zoospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of zoospore formation, a process in which a diploid cell undergoes meiosis, and the meiotic products acquire specialized features of asexual motile mononucleate flagellated spores called zoospores.
2010-12-17 GO:0075242 negative regulation of zoospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of zoospore formation, a process in which a diploid cell undergoes meiosis, and the meiotic products acquire specialized features of asexual motile mononucleate flagellated spores called zoospores.
2010-12-17 GO:0075243 oospore formation Added DEFINITION The process in which male and female gametangia develop and fuse to form an oospore, a thick-walled resting spore of oomycetes.
2010-12-17 GO:0075253 positive regulation of uredospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of uredospore formation, a process in which an asexual, dikaryotic, often rusty-colored spore, is formed in a structure called a uredinium.
2010-12-17 GO:0075290 regulation of aplanospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of aplanospore formation, a process in which a nonmotile, asexual spore is formed within a cell in certain algae and fungi (commonly in the Phycomycetes), the wall of aplanospore is distinct from that of the parent cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0075300 negative regulation of zygospore formation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of zygospore formation, a process in which a thick-walled spore of some algae and fungi is formed by union of two similar sexual cells, usually serves as a resting spore, and produces the sporophytic phase.
2010-12-17 GO:0075327 passive spore dispersal on or near host Added DEFINITION Any passive process in which a symbiont disseminates its spores, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075336 negative regulation of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0080170 hydrogen peroxide transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which hydrogen peroxide is transported from one side of a membrane to the other. This process includes the actual movement of the solute, and any regulation and preparatory steps, such as reduction of the solute.
2010-12-17 GO:0085015 dormancy maintenance of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process in which a dormant state is maintained by the symbiont within the host organism.
2010-12-17 GO:0090139 mitochondrial DNA packaging Added DEFINITION Any process in which mitochondrial DNA and associated proteins are formed into a compact, orderly structure.
2010-12-17 GO:0071828 apolipoprotein E recycling Added DEFINITION The process in which chylomicron remnant-associated apolipoprotein E is internalized by endocytosis, localized to recycling endosomes and then secreted in association with a high-density lipoprotein particle.
2010-12-17 GO:0071918 urea transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The process in which urea, the water-soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, is transported from one side of a membrane to the other by means of some agent such as a transporter or pore.
2010-12-17 GO:0072035 pre-tubular aggregate formation Added DEFINITION The cell adhesion process in which mesenchyme cells adhere to one another in the initial stages of the formation of the pre-tubular aggregate, the earliest recognizable structure of the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072086 specification of loop of Henle identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the loop of Henle of the kidney nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-17 GO:0072103 glomerulus vasculature morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the glomerulus vasculature are generated and organized. The glomerulus vasculature is composed of the tubule structures that carry blood or lymph in the glomerulus.
2010-12-17 GO:0072131 kidney mesenchyme morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a kidney mesenchymal tissue are generated and organized. Kidney mesenchyme is the tissue made up of loosely connected mesenchymal cells in the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072147 glomerular parietal epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a glomerular parietal epithelial cell. Glomerular parietal epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form tight junctions as a barrier to protein transport. These cells may also give rise to podocytes.
2010-12-17 GO:0072150 juxtaglomerulus cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a juxtaglomerulus cell.
2010-12-17 GO:0072195 kidney smooth muscle cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a smooth muscle cell in the kidney.
2010-12-17 GO:0072196 proximal/distal pattern formation involved in pronephric nephron development Added DEFINITION The regionalization process in which specific areas of cell differentiation are determined along a proximal/distal axis of the pronephros.
2010-12-17 GO:0072257 metanephric nephron tubule epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized structural and/or functional features that characterize the cells of the metanephric nephron tubule as it progresses from its formation to the mature state.
2010-12-17 GO:0072283 metanephric renal vesicle morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the metanephric renal vesicle are generated and organized. The renal vesicle is the primordial structure of the metanephric nephron epithelium, and is formed by the condensation of mesenchymal cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072311 glomerular epithelial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a glomerular epithelial cell. Glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the glomerulus; there are two types, glomerular parietal epithelial cells and glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0072314 glomerular epithelial cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will develop into a glomerular epithelial cell. Glomerular epithelial cells are specialized epithelial cells that form part of the glomerulus; there are two types, glomerular parietal epithelial cells and glomerular visceral epithelial cells.
2010-12-17 GO:0075057 initiation of symbiont penetration peg Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell of the symbiont starts to acquire the characteristics of a mature penetration peg to penetrate into its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075076 positive regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase activity Added DEFINITION Any process in which the host organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the symbiont adenylate cyclase activity, which catalyze the reaction: ATP = 3',5'-cyclic AMP + diphosphate. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075110 positive regulation by symbiont of host receptor-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of receptor-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075118 modulation by symbiont of host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the host G-protein coupled receptor protein signal transduction. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075134 positive regulation by symbiont of host calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075150 regulation of receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075154 positive regulation of transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of its transmembrane receptor-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075165 regulation of G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of its G-protein gamma subunit-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075170 negative regulation of protein kinase-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont protein kinase-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting molecules of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075179 negative regulation of calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction in response to host Added DEFINITION Any process in which the symbiont organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of its symbiont calcium or calmodulin-mediated signal transduction as a result of detecting host molecules in, on or near its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0075201 formation of symbiont penetration hypha for entry into host Added DEFINITION The assembly by the symbiont of a threadlike, tubular structure, which may contain multiple nuclei and may or may not be divided internally by septa or cross-walls, for the purpose of penetration into its host organism. In the case of an appressorium existing, this term is defined in further details as the process in which the symbiont penetration peg expands to form a hypha which traverses the epidermal cell and emerges into the intercellular space of the mesophyll tissue. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2010-12-17 GO:0014908 myotube differentiation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a myotube cell. Myotube differentiation starts with myoblast fusion and the appearance of specific cell markers (this is the cell development step). Then individual myotubes can fuse to form bigger myotubes and start to contract. This process occurs as part of the process of skeletal muscle regeneration. Myotubes are multinucleated cells that are formed when proliferating myoblasts exit the cell cycle, differentiate and fuse.
2010-12-17 GO:0015030 Cajal body Added DEFINITION A class of nuclear body, first seen after silver staining by Ramon y Cajal in 1903, enriched in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins, and certain general RNA polymerase II transcription factors; ultrastructurally, they appear as a tangle of coiled, electron-dense threads roughly 0.5 micrometers in diameter; involved in aspects of snRNP biogenesis; the protein coilin serves as a marker for Cajal bodies. Some argue that Cajal bodies are the sites for preassembly of transcriptosomes, unitary particles involved in transcription and processing of RNA.
2010-12-17 GO:0021521 ventral spinal cord interneuron specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a ventral spinal cord interneuron in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway.
2010-12-17 GO:0021522 spinal cord motor neuron differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which neuroepithelial cells in the ventral neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of motor neurons. Motor neurons innervate an effector (muscle or glandular) tissue and are responsible for transmission of motor impulses from the brain to the periphery. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
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