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GO Term History: Displaying 298 audit records for all terms for the date 2010-12-03

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2010-12-03 GO:0071843 cellular component biogenesis at cellular level Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level, and that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0043373 CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of an organelle towards the plus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of an organelle to a microtubule, and ends when the organelle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of an organelle towards the minus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of an organelle to a microtubule, and ends when the organelle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0043500 muscle adaptation Added DEFINITION A process in which muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2010-12-03 GO:0006361 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase I promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase I preinitiation complex (PIC) at an RNA polymerase I promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter. The initiation phase includes PIC assembly and the formation of the first few bonds in the RNA chain, including abortive initiation, which occurs when the first few nucleotides are repeatedly synthesized and then released. Promoter clearance, or release, is the transition between the initiation and elongation phases of transcription.
2010-12-03 GO:0043923 positive regulation by host of viral transcription Added DEFINITION Any process is which a host organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0042473 outer ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the outer ear are generated and organized. The outer ear is the part of the ear external to the tympanum (eardrum). It consists of a tube (the external auditory meatus) that directs sound waves on to the tympanum, and may also include the external pinna, which extends beyond the skull.
2010-12-03 GO:0007084 mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process that results in reformation of the nuclear envelope during mitotic cell division.
2010-12-03 GO:0001110 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the transition from the initiation to the elongation phases of transcription by RNA polymerase III, generally including a conformational change from the initiation conformation to the elongation conformation. Promoter clearance often involves breaking contact with transcription factors involved only in the initiation phase.
2010-12-03 GO:0044085 cellular component biogenesis Added DEFINITION A process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0042254 ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits; includes transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process in which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2010-12-03 GO:0044091 membrane biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a membrane.
2010-12-03 GO:0043921 modulation by host of viral transcription Added DEFINITION Any process in which a host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a fungal-type cell wall. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2010-12-03 GO:0042751 estivation Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2010-12-03 GO:0009833 primary cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that form adjacent to the middle lamella following cell division and during cell expansion. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0010344 seed oilbody biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a seed oilbody. Seed oilbodies are simple organelles comprising a matrix of triglyceride surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer embedded and covered with unique proteins called oleosins. Seed oilbodies supply the energy requirements for the growth of the seedling after germination.
2010-12-03 GO:0042590 antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I Added DEFINITION The process in which an antigen-presenting cell expresses a peptide antigen of exogenous origin on its cell surface in association with an MHC class I protein complex. The peptide antigen is typically, but not always, processed from a whole protein. Class I here refers to classical class I molecules.
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together two or more protein molecules, or a protein and another macromolecule or complex, permitting those molecules to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0043902 positive regulation of multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process in which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0043164 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cell wall of the type found in Gram-negative bacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane.
2010-12-03 GO:0043363 nucleate erythrocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specializes features of an erythrocyte with a nucleus, as found in non-mammalian vertebrates such as birds.
2010-12-03 GO:0042787 protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The process in which a ubiquitin group, or multiple groups, are covalently attached to the target protein, thereby initiating the degradation of that protein.
2010-12-03 GO:0043369 CD4-positive or CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature T cell commits to CD4-positive T cell lineage or the CD8-positive lineage of alpha-beta T cells.
2010-12-03 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Added DEFINITION Any process in which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2010-12-03 GO:0039008 pronephric nephron tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron tubule are generated and organized from an epithelium. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephric nephron.
2010-12-03 GO:0060090 binding, bridging Updated TERM binding, bridging
2010-12-03 GO:0070023 interleukin-12-interleukin-12 receptor complex Updated TERM interleukin-12-interleukin-12 receptor complex
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added TERM minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added TERM plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added TERM organelle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added TERM minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added TERM plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added TERM manchette
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added TERM bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added TERM promoter clearance
2010-12-03 GO:0001110 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter Added TERM promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added TERM promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter
2010-12-03 GO:0007086 vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Updated TERM vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added TERM clathrin adaptor activity
2010-12-03 GO:0043585 nose morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the nose are generated and organized. The nose is the specialized structure of the face that serves as the organ of the sense of smell and as part of the respiratory system. Includes the nasi externus (external nose) and cavitas nasi (nasal cavity).
2010-12-03 GO:0090071 negative regulation of ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits.
2010-12-03 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Added DEFINITION Any process in which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042471 ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the ear are generated and organized. The ear is the sense organ in vertebrates that is specialized for the detection of sound, and the maintenance of balance. Includes the outer ear and middle ear, which collect and transmit sound waves; and the inner ear, which contains the organs of balance and (except in fish) hearing. Also includes the pinna, the visible part of the outer ear, present in some mammals.
2010-12-03 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process in which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2010-12-03 GO:0080158 chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (RubisCO) complex. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0039003 pronephric field specification Added DEFINITION The process in which regions of the embryo are delineated into the area in which the pronephric kidney will develop.
2010-12-03 GO:0042672 retinal cone cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039023 pronephric duct morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the pronephric duct are generated and organized. The pronephric duct collects the filtrate from the pronephric tubules and opens to the exterior of the kidney.
2010-12-03 GO:0039011 pronephric proximal tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron proximal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0090069 regulation of ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome Ribosome biogenesis is the cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits.
2010-12-03 GO:0042815 bipolar cell growth Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell irreversibly increases in size along one axis through simultaneous polarized growth from opposite ends of a cell, resulting in morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0040020 regulation of meiosis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of meiosis, the process in which the nucleus of a diploid cell divides twice forming four haploid cells, one or more of which usually function as gametes.
2010-12-03 GO:0043901 negative regulation of multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process in which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0039013 pronephric distal tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron distal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0043388 positive regulation of DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process in which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0043011 myeloid dendritic cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a monocyte acquires the specialized features of a dendritic cell, an immunocompetent cell of the lymphoid and hemopoietic systems and skin.
2010-12-03 GO:0007086 vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process that results in the joining of the lipid bilayer membrane around a vesicle with the lipid bilayer membrane around the nucleus, and contributes to mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly.
2010-12-03 GO:0042679 compound eye cone cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039005 specification of pronephric tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules arranged along the proximal/distal axis of the pronephric nephron acquire their identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0042552 myelination Added DEFINITION The process in which myelin sheaths are formed and maintained around neurons. Oligodendrocytes in the brain and spinal cord and Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system wrap axons with compact layers of their plasma membrane. Adjacent myelin segments are separated by a non-myelinated stretch of axon called a node of Ranvier.
2010-12-03 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase II preinitiation complex (PIC) at an RNA polymerase II promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter. The initiation phase includes PIC assembly and the formation of the first few bonds in the RNA chain, including abortive initiation, which occurs when the first few nucleotides are repeatedly synthesized and then released. Promoter clearance, or release, is the transition between the initiation and elongation phases of transcription.
2010-12-03 GO:0090379 secondary cell wall biogenesis involved in seed trichome differentiation Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of inextensible cellulose- and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall of seed trichomes after cell expansion is complete.
2010-12-03 GO:0043353 enucleate erythrocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specialized features of an erythrocyte without a nucleus. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
2010-12-03 GO:0090070 positive regulation of ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits.
2010-12-03 GO:0043131 erythrocyte enucleation Added DEFINITION The process in which nucleated precursor cells lose their nucleus during erythrocyte maturation.
2010-12-03 GO:0043375 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0071766 Actinobacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cell wall of the type found in Actinobacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane. Actinobacterial cell walls contain characteristic mycolic acids, of which some are covalently linked to the cell wall peptidoglycan and others accumulate at the cell surface.
2010-12-03 GO:0035372 protein localization to microtubule Added DEFINITION A process in which a protein is transported to, or maintained at, a microtubule.
2010-12-03 GO:0043589 skin morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the skin are generated and organized. The skin is the external membranous integument of an animal. In vertebrates the skin generally consists of two layers, an outer nonsensitive and nonvascular epidermis (cuticle or skarfskin) composed of cells which are constantly growing and multiplying in the deeper, and being thrown off in the superficial layers, as well as an inner, sensitive and vascular dermis (cutis, corium or true skin) composed mostly of connective tissue.
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle along a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of a vesicle to a microtubule, and ends when the vesicle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0043392 negative regulation of DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process in which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a complex containing RNA and proteins. Includes the biosynthesis of the constituent RNA and protein molecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the ribonucleoprotein complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0042688 crystal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of a crystal cell, a class of cells that contain crystalline inclusions and are involved in the melanization of pathogenic material in the hemolymph.
2010-12-03 GO:0006384 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase III promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase III preinitiation complex (PIC) at an RNA polymerase III promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter. The initiation phase includes PIC assembly and the formation of the first few bonds in the RNA chain, including abortive initiation, which occurs when the first few nucleotides are repeatedly synthesized and then released. Promoter clearance, or release, is the transition between the initiation and elongation phases of transcription.
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the transition from the initiation to the elongation phases of transcription by RNA polymerase II, generally including a conformational change from the initiation conformation to the elongation conformation. Promoter clearance often involves breaking contact with transcription factors involved only in the initiation phase.
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle towards the minus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of a vesicle to a microtubule, and ends when the vesicle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0009832 plant-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellulose and pectin-containing cell wall. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0039010 specification of pronephric distal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the distal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042671 retinal cone cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042780 tRNA 3'-end processing Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the 3' end of a pre-tRNA molecule is converted to that of a mature tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0007086 vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the joining of the lipid bilayer membrane around a vesicle with the lipid bilayer membrane around the nucleus occurs.
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle along a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins.
2010-12-03 GO:0042787 protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a ubiquitin group, or multiple groups, are covalently attached to the target protein, thereby initiating the degradation of that protein.
2010-12-03 GO:0090069 regulation of ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042688 crystal cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of a crystal cell, a class of cells that contain crystalline inclusions and are involved in the melanization of pathogenic material in the hemolymph.
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Deleted DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together a cytoskeletal molecule and one or more other molecules, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0043093 FtsZ-dependent cytokinesis Deleted DEFINITION A cytokinesis process that involves a set of conserved proteins including FtsZ, and results in the formation of two similarly sized and shaped cells; the process by which prokaryotic cells divide.
2010-12-03 GO:0043902 positive regulation of multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0043900 regulation of multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Deleted DEFINITION Any homoeostatic process by which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2010-12-03 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042750 hibernation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2010-12-03 GO:0042245 RNA repair Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which damaged RNA can be repaired.
2010-12-03 GO:0042262 DNA protection Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2010-12-03 GO:0042751 estivation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2010-12-03 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2010-12-03 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2010-12-03 GO:0042472 inner ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the inner ear are generated and organized. The inner ear is the structure in vertebrates that contains the organs of balance and hearing. It consists of soft hollow sensory structures (the membranous labyrinth) containing fluid (endolymph) surrounded by fluid (perilymph) and encased in a bony cavity (the bony labyrinth). It consists of two chambers, the sacculus and utriculus, from which arise the cochlea and semicircular canals respectively.
2010-12-03 GO:0040032 post-embryonic body morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the post-embryonic soma are generated and organized.
2010-12-03 GO:0042684 cardioblast cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes committed to becoming a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0043703 photoreceptor cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a photoreceptor cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0043369 CD4-positive or CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an immature T cell commits to CD4-positive T cell lineage or the CD8-positive lineage of alpha-beta T cells.
2010-12-03 GO:0043373 CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043375 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043500 muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION A process by which muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2010-12-03 GO:0042063 gliogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which glial cells are generated. This includes the production of glial progenitors and their differentiation into mature glia.
2010-12-03 GO:0039004 specification of pronephric proximal tubule identity Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the proximal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0008269 JAK pathway signal transduction adaptor activity Deleted DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together a molecule of the JAK signal transduction pathway and one or more other molecules of the pathway, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0007084 mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the nuclear envelope reforms during mitotic cell division.
2010-12-03 GO:0043392 negative regulation of DNA binding Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process by which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0039008 pronephric nephron tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron tubule are generated and organized from an epithelium. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephric nephron.
2010-12-03 GO:0039023 pronephric duct morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the pronephric duct are generated and organized. The pronephric duct collects the filtrate from the pronephric tubules and opens to the exterior of the kidney.
2010-12-03 GO:0042473 outer ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the outer ear are generated and organized. The outer ear is the part of the ear external to the tympanum (eardrum). It consists of a tube (the external auditory meatus) that directs sound waves on to the tympanum, and may also include the external pinna, which extends beyond the skull.
2010-12-03 GO:0043585 nose morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the nose are generated and organized. The nose is the specialized structure of the face that serves as the organ of the sense of smell and as part of the respiratory system. Includes the nasi externus (external nose) and cavitas nasi (nasal cavity).
2010-12-03 GO:0042693 muscle cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the cellular identity of muscle cells is acquired and determined.
2010-12-03 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process in which a fungal-type cell wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2010-12-03 GO:0042552 myelination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which myelin sheaths are formed and maintained around neurons. Oligodendrocytes in the brain and spinal cord and Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system wrap axons with compact layers of their plasma membrane. Adjacent myelin segments are separated by a non-myelinated stretch of axon called a node of Ranvier.
2010-12-03 GO:0043011 myeloid dendritic cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a monocyte acquires the specialized features of a dendritic cell, an immunocompetent cell of the lymphoid and hemopoietic systems and skin.
2010-12-03 GO:0042815 bipolar cell growth Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell irreversibly increases in size along one axis through simultaneous polarized growth from opposite ends of a cell, resulting in morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process in which a complex containing RNA and proteins is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the biosynthesis of the constituent RNA and protein molecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the ribonucleoprotein complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0043363 nucleate erythrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specializes features of an erythrocyte with a nucleus, as found in non-mammalian vertebrates such as birds.
2010-12-03 GO:0043922 negative regulation by host of viral transcription Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0031671 primary cell septum biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process in which a primary cell septum is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together following nuclear division.
2010-12-03 GO:0039013 pronephric distal tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron distal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0042471 ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the ear are generated and organized. The ear is the sense organ in vertebrates that is specialized for the detection of sound, and the maintenance of balance. Includes the outer ear and middle ear, which collect and transmit sound waves; and the inner ear, which contains the organs of balance and (except in fish) hearing. Also includes the pinna, the visible part of the outer ear, present in some mammals.
2010-12-03 GO:0042694 muscle cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a muscle cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0009834 secondary cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of inextensible cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall after cell expansion is complete. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Deleted DEFINITION Interacting selectively and non-covalently with two or more protein molecules, or a protein and another macromolecule or complex, simultaneously, thereby physically linking the bound proteins or complexes to each other.
2010-12-03 GO:0042590 antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an antigen-presenting cell expresses a peptide antigen of exogenous origin on its cell surface in association with an MHC class I protein complex. The peptide antigen is typically, but not always, processed from a whole protein. Class I here refers to classical class I molecules.
2010-12-03 GO:0017126 nucleologenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process in which the nucleolus, a small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, is formed and assembled.
2010-12-03 GO:0042472 inner ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the inner ear are generated and organized. The inner ear is the structure in vertebrates that contains the organs of balance and hearing. It consists of soft hollow sensory structures (the membranous labyrinth) containing fluid (endolymph) surrounded by fluid (perilymph) and encased in a bony cavity (the bony labyrinth). It consists of two chambers, the sacculus and utriculus, from which arise the cochlea and semicircular canals respectively.
2010-12-03 GO:0042474 middle ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the middle ear are generated and organized. The middle ear is the air-filled cavity within the skull of vertebrates that lies between the outer ear and the inner ear. It is linked to the pharynx (and therefore to outside air) via the Eustachian tube and in mammals contains the three ear ossicles, which transmit auditory vibrations from the outer ear (via the tympanum) to the inner ear (via the oval window).
2010-12-03 GO:0043654 recognition of apoptotic cell Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell interprets signals (in the form of specific proteins and lipids) on the surface of a dying cell which it will engulf and remove by phagocytosis.
2010-12-03 GO:0010344 seed oilbody biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process in which an seed oilbody is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Seed oilbodies are simple organelles comprising a matrix of triglyceride surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer embedded and covered with unique proteins called oleosins. Seed oilbodies supply the energy requirements for the growth of the seedling after germination.
2010-12-03 GO:0040020 regulation of meiosis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of meiosis, the process by which the nucleus of a diploid cell divides twice forming four haploid cells, one or more of which usually function as gametes.
2010-12-03 GO:0043933 macromolecular complex subunit organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a macromolecular complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0042273 ribosomal large subunit biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The formation of the constituents of the large ribosomal subunit, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042274 ribosomal small subunit biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The formation of the constituents of the small ribosomal subunit, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042254 ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042684 cardioblast cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes committed to becoming a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2010-12-03 GO:0043921 modulation by host of viral transcription Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043923 positive regulation by host of viral transcription Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a host organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043388 positive regulation of DNA binding Deleted DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process by which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0070271 protein complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a protein complex is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0006384 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase III promoter Deleted DEFINITION A transcription initiation process that results in RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase III.
2010-12-03 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Deleted DEFINITION A transcription initiation process that results in RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase II.
2010-12-03 GO:0006361 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase I promoter Deleted DEFINITION A transcription initiation process that results in RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase I.
2010-12-03 GO:0043683 type IV pilus biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a type IV pilus is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. A type IV pilus is composed of a pilus fiber and approximately ten proteins at its base; type IV pili play a role in cell motility, adherence to substrates, and aggregation.
2010-12-03 GO:0044087 regulation of cellular component biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, the process by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0044089 positive regulation of cellular component biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, the process by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0044091 membrane biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a membrane is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0042546 cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, such as proteins and polysaccharides, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component. A cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane of plant, fungal and most prokaryotic cells, maintaining their shape and protecting them from osmotic lysis.
2010-12-03 GO:0044085 cellular component biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0070590 spore wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a spore wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. A spore wall is the specialized cell wall lying outside the cell membrane of a spore.
2010-12-03 GO:0070591 ascospore wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an ascospore wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0090379 secondary cell wall biogenesis involved in seed trichome differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways that contribute to seed trichome differentiation and result in the formation of inextensible cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall of seed trichomes after cell expansion is complete.
2010-12-03 GO:0043164 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the type of cell wall found in Gram-negative-bacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane.
2010-12-03 GO:0043353 enucleate erythrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specialized features of an erythrocyte without a nucleus. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
2010-12-03 GO:0009833 primary cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that form adjacent to the middle lamella following cell division and during cell expansion. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0009832 plant-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the cellulose and pectin-containing cell wall. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0042685 cardioblast cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a cardioblast cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0042546 cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cell wall. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, such as proteins and polysaccharides, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component. A cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane of plant, fungal and most prokaryotic cells, maintaining their shape and protecting them from osmotic lysis.
2010-12-03 GO:0070590 spore wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a spore wall. A spore wall is the specialized cell wall lying outside the cell membrane of a spore.
2010-12-03 GO:0042778 tRNA end turnover Added DEFINITION The process in which the 3'-terminal CCA of a tRNA is removed and restored. This often happens to uncharged tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0042672 retinal cone cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042680 compound eye cone cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039007 pronephric nephron morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the pronephric nephron are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron is the functional unit of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0043587 tongue morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the tongue are generated and organized. The tongue is the movable, muscular organ on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates, in man other mammals is the principal organ of taste, aids in the prehension of food, in swallowing, and in modifying the voice as in speech.
2010-12-03 GO:0042671 retinal cone cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042679 compound eye cone cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0043456 regulation of pentose-phosphate shunt Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the pentose-phosphate shunt, the process by which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042668 auditory receptor cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042778 tRNA end turnover Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the 3'-terminal CCA of a tRNA is removed and restored. This often happens to uncharged tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043589 skin morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the skin are generated and organized. The skin is the external membranous integument of an animal. In vertebrates the skin generally consists of two layers, an outer nonsensitive and nonvascular epidermis (cuticle or skarfskin) composed of cells which are constantly growing and multiplying in the deeper, and being thrown off in the superficial layers, as well as an inner, sensitive and vascular dermis (cutis, corium or true skin) composed mostly of connective tissue.
2010-12-03 GO:0043131 erythrocyte enucleation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which nucleated precursor cells lose their nucleus during erythrocyte maturation.
2010-12-03 GO:0042685 cardioblast cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a cardioblast cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0042667 auditory receptor cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039011 pronephric proximal tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron proximal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0040032 post-embryonic body morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the post-embryonic soma are generated and organized.
2010-12-03 GO:0061110 dense core granule biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a dense core granule is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the dense core granule.
2010-12-03 GO:0043901 negative regulation of multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0039005 specification of pronephric tubule identity Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the tubules arranged along the proximal/distal axis of the pronephric nephron acquire their identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0039010 specification of pronephric distal tubule identity Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the distal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0039003 pronephric field specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which regions of the embryo are delineated into the area in which the pronephric kidney will develop.
2010-12-03 GO:0071843 cellular component biogenesis at cellular level Deleted DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level, and by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0071766 Actinobacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the type of cell wall found in Actinobacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane. Actinobacterial cell walls contain characteristic mycolic acids, of which some are covalently linked to the cell wall peptidoglycan and others accumulate at the cell surface.
2010-12-03 GO:0035418 protein localization to synapse Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, and/or maintained at the synapse, the junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron or muscle fiber or glial cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0035372 protein localization to microtubule Deleted DEFINITION A process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained at, a microtubule.
2010-12-03 GO:0035437 maintenance of protein localization in endoplasmic reticulum Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in the endoplasmic reticulum and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the endoplasmic reticulum, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the endoplasmic reticulum.
2010-12-03 GO:0042474 middle ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the middle ear are generated and organized. The middle ear is the air-filled cavity within the skull of vertebrates that lies between the outer ear and the inner ear. It is linked to the pharynx (and therefore to outside air) via the Eustachian tube and in mammals contains the three ear ossicles, which transmit auditory vibrations from the outer ear (via the tympanum) to the inner ear (via the oval window).
2010-12-03 GO:0035437 maintenance of protein localization in endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION Any process in which a protein is maintained in the endoplasmic reticulum and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the endoplasmic reticulum, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the endoplasmic reticulum.
2010-12-03 GO:0017126 nucleologenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a nucleolus, a small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.
2010-12-03 GO:0039004 specification of pronephric proximal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the proximal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle towards the plus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of a vesicle to a microtubule, and ends when the vesicle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0044087 regulation of cellular component biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, a process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0043366 beta selection Added DEFINITION The process in which successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence leads to rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0061110 dense core granule biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a dense core granule. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the dense core granule.
2010-12-03 GO:0043456 regulation of pentose-phosphate shunt Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the pentose-phosphate shunt, the process in which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043093 FtsZ-dependent cytokinesis Added DEFINITION A cytokinesis process that involves a set of conserved proteins including FtsZ, and results in the formation of two similarly sized and shaped cells; the process in which prokaryotic cells divide.
2010-12-03 GO:0042694 muscle cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a muscle cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively and non-covalently with the basal transcription machinery which is composed of a bacterial-type RNA polymerase core enzyme and a sigma factor, the minimal set of factors required for formation of the preinitiation complex (PIC) by a bacterial-type RNA polymerase.
2010-12-03 GO:0008269 JAK pathway signal transduction adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together two molecules of the JAK signal transduction pathway, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0042680 compound eye cone cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042245 RNA repair Added DEFINITION Any process that results in the repair of damaged RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0042273 ribosomal large subunit biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a large ribosomal subunit; includes transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043683 type IV pilus biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a type IV pilus. A type IV pilus is composed of a pilus fiber and approximately ten proteins at its base; type IV pili play a role in cell motility, adherence to substrates, and aggregation.
2010-12-03 GO:0031671 primary cell septum biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a primary cell septum following nuclear division.
2010-12-03 GO:0035418 protein localization to synapse Added DEFINITION Any process in which a protein is transported to, and/or maintained at the synapse, the junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron or muscle fiber or glial cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043900 regulation of multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process in which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0042780 tRNA 3'-end processing Added DEFINITION The process in which the 3' end of a pre-tRNA molecule is converted to that of a mature tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of an organelle along a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of an organelle to a microtubule, and ends when the organelle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0070591 ascospore wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of an ascospore wall.
2010-12-03 GO:0042750 hibernation Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2010-12-03 GO:0039007 pronephric nephron morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the pronephric nephron are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron is the functional unit of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0042667 auditory receptor cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together a cytoskeletal protein and one or more other molecules, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0042274 ribosomal small subunit biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a small ribosomal subunit; includes transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043654 recognition of apoptotic cell Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell interprets signals (in the form of specific proteins and lipids) on the surface of a dying cell which it will engulf and remove by phagocytosis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042063 gliogenesis Added DEFINITION The process that results in the generation of glial cells. This includes the production of glial progenitors and their differentiation into mature glia.
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the transition from the initiation to the elongation phases of transcription, generally including a conformational change from the initiation conformation to the elongation conformation. Promoter clearance often involves breaking contact with transcription factors involved only in the initiation phase.
2010-12-03 GO:0070271 protein complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a protein complex. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Added DEFINITION Any homoeostatic process in which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2010-12-03 GO:0009834 secondary cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of inextensible cellulose- and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall after cell expansion is complete. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0042668 auditory receptor cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0043366 beta selection Deleted DEFINITION The process by which successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence leads to rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2010-12-03 GO:0090071 negative regulation of ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0090070 positive regulation of ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0047497 mitochondrion transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0047497 mitochondrion transport along microtubule Deleted RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0051648 (vesicle localization)
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Deleted RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072385 (minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0047496 (vesicle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072386 (plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0047496 (vesicle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0030473 nuclear migration along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0030473 nuclear migration along microtubule Deleted RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Added RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030276 (clathrin binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0005068 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0005068 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030971 (receptor tyrosine kinase binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0005091 guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0005091 guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0008269 JAK pathway signal transduction adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0019895 kinesin-associated mitochondrial adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0019895 kinesin-associated mitochondrial adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0017107 anion exchanger adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0017107 anion exchanger adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0005515 (protein binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0017107 anion exchanger adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added RELATION is a GO:0001098 (basal transcription machinery binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added RELATION is a GO:0071822 (protein complex subunit organization)
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added RELATION part of GO:0006351 (transcription, DNA-templated)
2010-12-03 GO:0001110 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter Added RELATION is a GO:0001109 (promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription)
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added RELATION part of GO:0006366 (transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter)
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added RELATION is a GO:0001109 (promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription)
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added RELATION is a GO:0044430 (cytoskeletal part)
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added RELATION part of GO:0015630 (microtubule cytoskeleton)
2010-12-03 GO:0001103 RNA polymerase II repressing transcription factor binding Added RELATION is a GO:0070491 (repressing transcription factor binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed organelle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added SYNONYM basal bacterial-type RNA polymerase transcription machinery binding
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Deleted SYNONYM protein-protein adaptor
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed organelle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Added SYNONYM protein-protein adaptor
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added SYNONYM clathrin-associated adaptor activity
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed vesicle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed vesicle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed vesicle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed organelle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed organelle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed vesicle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule-based organelle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0060090 binding, bridging Added SYNONYM molecular adaptor activity
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule-based vesicle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0043922 negative regulation by host of viral transcription Added DEFINITION Any process in which a host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043587 tongue morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the tongue are generated and organized. The tongue is the movable, muscular organ on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates, in man other mammals is the principal organ of taste, aids in the prehension of food, in swallowing, and in modifying the voice as in speech.
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added DEFINITION A conical shaped array of microtubules that completely covers the nucleus of a spermatid, thought to be involved in sperm head elongation.
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together clathrin and one or more other molecules, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0043933 macromolecular complex subunit organization Added DEFINITION Any process in which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a macromolecular complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Added DEFINITION Any process in which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2010-12-03 GO:0042693 muscle cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the cellular identity of muscle cells is acquired and determined.
2010-12-03 GO:0042262 DNA protection Added DEFINITION Any process in which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2010-12-03 GO:0044089 positive regulation of cellular component biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, a process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0080158 chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (RubisCO) complex is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0043703 photoreceptor cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a photoreceptor cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2010-12-03 GO:0060090 binding, bridging Updated TERM binding, bridging
2010-12-03 GO:0070023 interleukin-12-interleukin-12 receptor complex Updated TERM interleukin-12-interleukin-12 receptor complex
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added TERM minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added TERM plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added TERM organelle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added TERM minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added TERM plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added TERM manchette
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added TERM bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added TERM promoter clearance
2010-12-03 GO:0001110 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter Added TERM promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added TERM promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter
2010-12-03 GO:0007086 vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Updated TERM vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added TERM clathrin adaptor activity

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2010-12-03 GO:0071843 cellular component biogenesis at cellular level Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level, and that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0043373 CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of an organelle towards the plus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of an organelle to a microtubule, and ends when the organelle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of an organelle towards the minus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of an organelle to a microtubule, and ends when the organelle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0043500 muscle adaptation Added DEFINITION A process in which muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2010-12-03 GO:0006361 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase I promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase I preinitiation complex (PIC) at an RNA polymerase I promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter. The initiation phase includes PIC assembly and the formation of the first few bonds in the RNA chain, including abortive initiation, which occurs when the first few nucleotides are repeatedly synthesized and then released. Promoter clearance, or release, is the transition between the initiation and elongation phases of transcription.
2010-12-03 GO:0043923 positive regulation by host of viral transcription Added DEFINITION Any process is which a host organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0042473 outer ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the outer ear are generated and organized. The outer ear is the part of the ear external to the tympanum (eardrum). It consists of a tube (the external auditory meatus) that directs sound waves on to the tympanum, and may also include the external pinna, which extends beyond the skull.
2010-12-03 GO:0007084 mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process that results in reformation of the nuclear envelope during mitotic cell division.
2010-12-03 GO:0001110 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the transition from the initiation to the elongation phases of transcription by RNA polymerase III, generally including a conformational change from the initiation conformation to the elongation conformation. Promoter clearance often involves breaking contact with transcription factors involved only in the initiation phase.
2010-12-03 GO:0044085 cellular component biogenesis Added DEFINITION A process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0042254 ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits; includes transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process in which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2010-12-03 GO:0044091 membrane biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a membrane.
2010-12-03 GO:0043921 modulation by host of viral transcription Added DEFINITION Any process in which a host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a fungal-type cell wall. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2010-12-03 GO:0042751 estivation Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2010-12-03 GO:0009833 primary cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that form adjacent to the middle lamella following cell division and during cell expansion. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0010344 seed oilbody biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a seed oilbody. Seed oilbodies are simple organelles comprising a matrix of triglyceride surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer embedded and covered with unique proteins called oleosins. Seed oilbodies supply the energy requirements for the growth of the seedling after germination.
2010-12-03 GO:0042590 antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I Added DEFINITION The process in which an antigen-presenting cell expresses a peptide antigen of exogenous origin on its cell surface in association with an MHC class I protein complex. The peptide antigen is typically, but not always, processed from a whole protein. Class I here refers to classical class I molecules.
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together two or more protein molecules, or a protein and another macromolecule or complex, permitting those molecules to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0043902 positive regulation of multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process in which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0043164 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cell wall of the type found in Gram-negative bacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane.
2010-12-03 GO:0043363 nucleate erythrocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specializes features of an erythrocyte with a nucleus, as found in non-mammalian vertebrates such as birds.
2010-12-03 GO:0042787 protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The process in which a ubiquitin group, or multiple groups, are covalently attached to the target protein, thereby initiating the degradation of that protein.
2010-12-03 GO:0043369 CD4-positive or CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature T cell commits to CD4-positive T cell lineage or the CD8-positive lineage of alpha-beta T cells.
2010-12-03 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Added DEFINITION Any process in which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2010-12-03 GO:0039008 pronephric nephron tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron tubule are generated and organized from an epithelium. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephric nephron.
2010-12-03 GO:0043585 nose morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the nose are generated and organized. The nose is the specialized structure of the face that serves as the organ of the sense of smell and as part of the respiratory system. Includes the nasi externus (external nose) and cavitas nasi (nasal cavity).
2010-12-03 GO:0090071 negative regulation of ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits.
2010-12-03 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Added DEFINITION Any process in which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042471 ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the ear are generated and organized. The ear is the sense organ in vertebrates that is specialized for the detection of sound, and the maintenance of balance. Includes the outer ear and middle ear, which collect and transmit sound waves; and the inner ear, which contains the organs of balance and (except in fish) hearing. Also includes the pinna, the visible part of the outer ear, present in some mammals.
2010-12-03 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process in which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2010-12-03 GO:0080158 chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (RubisCO) complex. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0039003 pronephric field specification Added DEFINITION The process in which regions of the embryo are delineated into the area in which the pronephric kidney will develop.
2010-12-03 GO:0042672 retinal cone cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039023 pronephric duct morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the pronephric duct are generated and organized. The pronephric duct collects the filtrate from the pronephric tubules and opens to the exterior of the kidney.
2010-12-03 GO:0039011 pronephric proximal tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron proximal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0090069 regulation of ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome Ribosome biogenesis is the cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits.
2010-12-03 GO:0042815 bipolar cell growth Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell irreversibly increases in size along one axis through simultaneous polarized growth from opposite ends of a cell, resulting in morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0040020 regulation of meiosis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of meiosis, the process in which the nucleus of a diploid cell divides twice forming four haploid cells, one or more of which usually function as gametes.
2010-12-03 GO:0043901 negative regulation of multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process in which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0039013 pronephric distal tubule morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron distal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0043388 positive regulation of DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process in which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0043011 myeloid dendritic cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a monocyte acquires the specialized features of a dendritic cell, an immunocompetent cell of the lymphoid and hemopoietic systems and skin.
2010-12-03 GO:0007086 vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process that results in the joining of the lipid bilayer membrane around a vesicle with the lipid bilayer membrane around the nucleus, and contributes to mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly.
2010-12-03 GO:0042679 compound eye cone cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039005 specification of pronephric tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the tubules arranged along the proximal/distal axis of the pronephric nephron acquire their identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0042552 myelination Added DEFINITION The process in which myelin sheaths are formed and maintained around neurons. Oligodendrocytes in the brain and spinal cord and Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system wrap axons with compact layers of their plasma membrane. Adjacent myelin segments are separated by a non-myelinated stretch of axon called a node of Ranvier.
2010-12-03 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase II preinitiation complex (PIC) at an RNA polymerase II promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter. The initiation phase includes PIC assembly and the formation of the first few bonds in the RNA chain, including abortive initiation, which occurs when the first few nucleotides are repeatedly synthesized and then released. Promoter clearance, or release, is the transition between the initiation and elongation phases of transcription.
2010-12-03 GO:0090379 secondary cell wall biogenesis involved in seed trichome differentiation Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of inextensible cellulose- and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall of seed trichomes after cell expansion is complete.
2010-12-03 GO:0043353 enucleate erythrocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specialized features of an erythrocyte without a nucleus. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
2010-12-03 GO:0090070 positive regulation of ribosome biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of ribosome subunits.
2010-12-03 GO:0043131 erythrocyte enucleation Added DEFINITION The process in which nucleated precursor cells lose their nucleus during erythrocyte maturation.
2010-12-03 GO:0043375 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0071766 Actinobacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cell wall of the type found in Actinobacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane. Actinobacterial cell walls contain characteristic mycolic acids, of which some are covalently linked to the cell wall peptidoglycan and others accumulate at the cell surface.
2010-12-03 GO:0035372 protein localization to microtubule Added DEFINITION A process in which a protein is transported to, or maintained at, a microtubule.
2010-12-03 GO:0043589 skin morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the skin are generated and organized. The skin is the external membranous integument of an animal. In vertebrates the skin generally consists of two layers, an outer nonsensitive and nonvascular epidermis (cuticle or skarfskin) composed of cells which are constantly growing and multiplying in the deeper, and being thrown off in the superficial layers, as well as an inner, sensitive and vascular dermis (cutis, corium or true skin) composed mostly of connective tissue.
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle along a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of a vesicle to a microtubule, and ends when the vesicle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0043392 negative regulation of DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process in which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a complex containing RNA and proteins. Includes the biosynthesis of the constituent RNA and protein molecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the ribonucleoprotein complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0042688 crystal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of a crystal cell, a class of cells that contain crystalline inclusions and are involved in the melanization of pathogenic material in the hemolymph.
2010-12-03 GO:0006384 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase III promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase III preinitiation complex (PIC) at an RNA polymerase III promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter. The initiation phase includes PIC assembly and the formation of the first few bonds in the RNA chain, including abortive initiation, which occurs when the first few nucleotides are repeatedly synthesized and then released. Promoter clearance, or release, is the transition between the initiation and elongation phases of transcription.
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the transition from the initiation to the elongation phases of transcription by RNA polymerase II, generally including a conformational change from the initiation conformation to the elongation conformation. Promoter clearance often involves breaking contact with transcription factors involved only in the initiation phase.
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle towards the minus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of a vesicle to a microtubule, and ends when the vesicle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0009832 plant-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellulose and pectin-containing cell wall. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0039010 specification of pronephric distal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the distal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process in which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042671 retinal cone cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042780 tRNA 3'-end processing Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the 3' end of a pre-tRNA molecule is converted to that of a mature tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0007086 vesicle fusion with nuclear membrane involved in mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the joining of the lipid bilayer membrane around a vesicle with the lipid bilayer membrane around the nucleus occurs.
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle along a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins.
2010-12-03 GO:0042787 protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a ubiquitin group, or multiple groups, are covalently attached to the target protein, thereby initiating the degradation of that protein.
2010-12-03 GO:0090069 regulation of ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042688 crystal cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of a crystal cell, a class of cells that contain crystalline inclusions and are involved in the melanization of pathogenic material in the hemolymph.
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Deleted DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together a cytoskeletal molecule and one or more other molecules, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0043093 FtsZ-dependent cytokinesis Deleted DEFINITION A cytokinesis process that involves a set of conserved proteins including FtsZ, and results in the formation of two similarly sized and shaped cells; the process by which prokaryotic cells divide.
2010-12-03 GO:0043902 positive regulation of multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0043900 regulation of multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Deleted DEFINITION Any homoeostatic process by which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2010-12-03 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2010-12-03 GO:0042750 hibernation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2010-12-03 GO:0042245 RNA repair Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which damaged RNA can be repaired.
2010-12-03 GO:0042262 DNA protection Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2010-12-03 GO:0042751 estivation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2010-12-03 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2010-12-03 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2010-12-03 GO:0042472 inner ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the inner ear are generated and organized. The inner ear is the structure in vertebrates that contains the organs of balance and hearing. It consists of soft hollow sensory structures (the membranous labyrinth) containing fluid (endolymph) surrounded by fluid (perilymph) and encased in a bony cavity (the bony labyrinth). It consists of two chambers, the sacculus and utriculus, from which arise the cochlea and semicircular canals respectively.
2010-12-03 GO:0040032 post-embryonic body morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the post-embryonic soma are generated and organized.
2010-12-03 GO:0042684 cardioblast cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes committed to becoming a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0043703 photoreceptor cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a photoreceptor cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0043369 CD4-positive or CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an immature T cell commits to CD4-positive T cell lineage or the CD8-positive lineage of alpha-beta T cells.
2010-12-03 GO:0043373 CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD4-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043375 CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell lineage commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an immature T cell becomes committed to becoming a CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043500 muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION A process by which muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2010-12-03 GO:0042063 gliogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which glial cells are generated. This includes the production of glial progenitors and their differentiation into mature glia.
2010-12-03 GO:0039004 specification of pronephric proximal tubule identity Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the proximal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0008269 JAK pathway signal transduction adaptor activity Deleted DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together a molecule of the JAK signal transduction pathway and one or more other molecules of the pathway, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0007084 mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly Deleted DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the nuclear envelope reforms during mitotic cell division.
2010-12-03 GO:0043392 negative regulation of DNA binding Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process by which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0039008 pronephric nephron tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron tubule are generated and organized from an epithelium. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephric nephron.
2010-12-03 GO:0039023 pronephric duct morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the pronephric duct are generated and organized. The pronephric duct collects the filtrate from the pronephric tubules and opens to the exterior of the kidney.
2010-12-03 GO:0042473 outer ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the outer ear are generated and organized. The outer ear is the part of the ear external to the tympanum (eardrum). It consists of a tube (the external auditory meatus) that directs sound waves on to the tympanum, and may also include the external pinna, which extends beyond the skull.
2010-12-03 GO:0043585 nose morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the nose are generated and organized. The nose is the specialized structure of the face that serves as the organ of the sense of smell and as part of the respiratory system. Includes the nasi externus (external nose) and cavitas nasi (nasal cavity).
2010-12-03 GO:0042693 muscle cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the cellular identity of muscle cells is acquired and determined.
2010-12-03 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process in which a fungal-type cell wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2010-12-03 GO:0042552 myelination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which myelin sheaths are formed and maintained around neurons. Oligodendrocytes in the brain and spinal cord and Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system wrap axons with compact layers of their plasma membrane. Adjacent myelin segments are separated by a non-myelinated stretch of axon called a node of Ranvier.
2010-12-03 GO:0043011 myeloid dendritic cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a monocyte acquires the specialized features of a dendritic cell, an immunocompetent cell of the lymphoid and hemopoietic systems and skin.
2010-12-03 GO:0042815 bipolar cell growth Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell irreversibly increases in size along one axis through simultaneous polarized growth from opposite ends of a cell, resulting in morphogenesis of the cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process in which a complex containing RNA and proteins is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the biosynthesis of the constituent RNA and protein molecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the ribonucleoprotein complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0043363 nucleate erythrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specializes features of an erythrocyte with a nucleus, as found in non-mammalian vertebrates such as birds.
2010-12-03 GO:0043922 negative regulation by host of viral transcription Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0031671 primary cell septum biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process in which a primary cell septum is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together following nuclear division.
2010-12-03 GO:0039013 pronephric distal tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron distal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0042471 ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the ear are generated and organized. The ear is the sense organ in vertebrates that is specialized for the detection of sound, and the maintenance of balance. Includes the outer ear and middle ear, which collect and transmit sound waves; and the inner ear, which contains the organs of balance and (except in fish) hearing. Also includes the pinna, the visible part of the outer ear, present in some mammals.
2010-12-03 GO:0042694 muscle cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a muscle cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0009834 secondary cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of inextensible cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall after cell expansion is complete. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Deleted DEFINITION Interacting selectively and non-covalently with two or more protein molecules, or a protein and another macromolecule or complex, simultaneously, thereby physically linking the bound proteins or complexes to each other.
2010-12-03 GO:0042590 antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an antigen-presenting cell expresses a peptide antigen of exogenous origin on its cell surface in association with an MHC class I protein complex. The peptide antigen is typically, but not always, processed from a whole protein. Class I here refers to classical class I molecules.
2010-12-03 GO:0017126 nucleologenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process in which the nucleolus, a small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, is formed and assembled.
2010-12-03 GO:0042472 inner ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the inner ear are generated and organized. The inner ear is the structure in vertebrates that contains the organs of balance and hearing. It consists of soft hollow sensory structures (the membranous labyrinth) containing fluid (endolymph) surrounded by fluid (perilymph) and encased in a bony cavity (the bony labyrinth). It consists of two chambers, the sacculus and utriculus, from which arise the cochlea and semicircular canals respectively.
2010-12-03 GO:0042474 middle ear morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the middle ear are generated and organized. The middle ear is the air-filled cavity within the skull of vertebrates that lies between the outer ear and the inner ear. It is linked to the pharynx (and therefore to outside air) via the Eustachian tube and in mammals contains the three ear ossicles, which transmit auditory vibrations from the outer ear (via the tympanum) to the inner ear (via the oval window).
2010-12-03 GO:0043654 recognition of apoptotic cell Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell interprets signals (in the form of specific proteins and lipids) on the surface of a dying cell which it will engulf and remove by phagocytosis.
2010-12-03 GO:0010344 seed oilbody biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process in which an seed oilbody is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Seed oilbodies are simple organelles comprising a matrix of triglyceride surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer embedded and covered with unique proteins called oleosins. Seed oilbodies supply the energy requirements for the growth of the seedling after germination.
2010-12-03 GO:0040020 regulation of meiosis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of meiosis, the process by which the nucleus of a diploid cell divides twice forming four haploid cells, one or more of which usually function as gametes.
2010-12-03 GO:0043933 macromolecular complex subunit organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a macromolecular complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0042273 ribosomal large subunit biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The formation of the constituents of the large ribosomal subunit, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042274 ribosomal small subunit biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The formation of the constituents of the small ribosomal subunit, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042254 ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042684 cardioblast cell fate commitment Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes committed to becoming a cardioblast. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2010-12-03 GO:0043921 modulation by host of viral transcription Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a host organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043923 positive regulation by host of viral transcription Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a host organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043388 positive regulation of DNA binding Deleted DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of DNA binding. DNA binding is any process by which a gene product interacts selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
2010-12-03 GO:0070271 protein complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a protein complex is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0006384 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase III promoter Deleted DEFINITION A transcription initiation process that results in RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase III.
2010-12-03 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Deleted DEFINITION A transcription initiation process that results in RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase II.
2010-12-03 GO:0006361 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase I promoter Deleted DEFINITION A transcription initiation process that results in RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase I.
2010-12-03 GO:0043683 type IV pilus biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a type IV pilus is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. A type IV pilus is composed of a pilus fiber and approximately ten proteins at its base; type IV pili play a role in cell motility, adherence to substrates, and aggregation.
2010-12-03 GO:0044087 regulation of cellular component biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, the process by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0044089 positive regulation of cellular component biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, the process by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0044091 membrane biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a membrane is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0042546 cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, such as proteins and polysaccharides, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component. A cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane of plant, fungal and most prokaryotic cells, maintaining their shape and protecting them from osmotic lysis.
2010-12-03 GO:0044085 cellular component biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0070590 spore wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a spore wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. A spore wall is the specialized cell wall lying outside the cell membrane of a spore.
2010-12-03 GO:0070591 ascospore wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which an ascospore wall is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2010-12-03 GO:0090379 secondary cell wall biogenesis involved in seed trichome differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways that contribute to seed trichome differentiation and result in the formation of inextensible cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall of seed trichomes after cell expansion is complete.
2010-12-03 GO:0043164 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the type of cell wall found in Gram-negative-bacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane.
2010-12-03 GO:0043353 enucleate erythrocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a myeloid precursor cell acquires specialized features of an erythrocyte without a nucleus. An example of this process is found in Mus musculus.
2010-12-03 GO:0009833 primary cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cellulose and pectin-containing cell walls that form adjacent to the middle lamella following cell division and during cell expansion. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0009832 plant-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the cellulose and pectin-containing cell wall. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0042685 cardioblast cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a cardioblast cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0042546 cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cell wall. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, such as proteins and polysaccharides, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component. A cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane of plant, fungal and most prokaryotic cells, maintaining their shape and protecting them from osmotic lysis.
2010-12-03 GO:0070590 spore wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a spore wall. A spore wall is the specialized cell wall lying outside the cell membrane of a spore.
2010-12-03 GO:0042778 tRNA end turnover Added DEFINITION The process in which the 3'-terminal CCA of a tRNA is removed and restored. This often happens to uncharged tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0042672 retinal cone cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042680 compound eye cone cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039007 pronephric nephron morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the pronephric nephron are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron is the functional unit of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0043587 tongue morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the tongue are generated and organized. The tongue is the movable, muscular organ on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates, in man other mammals is the principal organ of taste, aids in the prehension of food, in swallowing, and in modifying the voice as in speech.
2010-12-03 GO:0042671 retinal cone cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a retinal cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042679 compound eye cone cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0043456 regulation of pentose-phosphate shunt Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the pentose-phosphate shunt, the process by which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042668 auditory receptor cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042778 tRNA end turnover Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the 3'-terminal CCA of a tRNA is removed and restored. This often happens to uncharged tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043589 skin morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the skin are generated and organized. The skin is the external membranous integument of an animal. In vertebrates the skin generally consists of two layers, an outer nonsensitive and nonvascular epidermis (cuticle or skarfskin) composed of cells which are constantly growing and multiplying in the deeper, and being thrown off in the superficial layers, as well as an inner, sensitive and vascular dermis (cutis, corium or true skin) composed mostly of connective tissue.
2010-12-03 GO:0043131 erythrocyte enucleation Deleted DEFINITION The process by which nucleated precursor cells lose their nucleus during erythrocyte maturation.
2010-12-03 GO:0042685 cardioblast cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a cardioblast cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. A cardioblast is a cardiac precursor cell. It is a cell that has been committed to a cardiac fate, but will undergo more cell division rather than terminally differentiating.
2010-12-03 GO:0042667 auditory receptor cell fate specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0039011 pronephric proximal tubule morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a pronephric nephron proximal tubule are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron tubule is an epithelial tube that is part of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0040032 post-embryonic body morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the post-embryonic soma are generated and organized.
2010-12-03 GO:0061110 dense core granule biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a dense core granule is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the dense core granule.
2010-12-03 GO:0043901 negative regulation of multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0039005 specification of pronephric tubule identity Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the tubules arranged along the proximal/distal axis of the pronephric nephron acquire their identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0039010 specification of pronephric distal tubule identity Deleted DEFINITION The process by which the distal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0039003 pronephric field specification Deleted DEFINITION The process by which regions of the embryo are delineated into the area in which the pronephric kidney will develop.
2010-12-03 GO:0071843 cellular component biogenesis at cellular level Deleted DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level, and by which a cellular component is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0071766 Actinobacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the type of cell wall found in Actinobacteria. The cell wall is the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane. Actinobacterial cell walls contain characteristic mycolic acids, of which some are covalently linked to the cell wall peptidoglycan and others accumulate at the cell surface.
2010-12-03 GO:0035418 protein localization to synapse Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, and/or maintained at the synapse, the junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron or muscle fiber or glial cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0035372 protein localization to microtubule Deleted DEFINITION A process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained at, a microtubule.
2010-12-03 GO:0035437 maintenance of protein localization in endoplasmic reticulum Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in the endoplasmic reticulum and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the endoplasmic reticulum, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the endoplasmic reticulum.
2010-12-03 GO:0042474 middle ear morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the middle ear are generated and organized. The middle ear is the air-filled cavity within the skull of vertebrates that lies between the outer ear and the inner ear. It is linked to the pharynx (and therefore to outside air) via the Eustachian tube and in mammals contains the three ear ossicles, which transmit auditory vibrations from the outer ear (via the tympanum) to the inner ear (via the oval window).
2010-12-03 GO:0035437 maintenance of protein localization in endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION Any process in which a protein is maintained in the endoplasmic reticulum and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the endoplasmic reticulum, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the endoplasmic reticulum.
2010-12-03 GO:0017126 nucleologenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a nucleolus, a small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.
2010-12-03 GO:0039004 specification of pronephric proximal tubule identity Added DEFINITION The process in which the proximal tubule of the pronephric nephron acquires its identity.
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a vesicle towards the plus end of a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of a vesicle to a microtubule, and ends when the vesicle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0044087 regulation of cellular component biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, a process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0043366 beta selection Added DEFINITION The process in which successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence leads to rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0061110 dense core granule biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a dense core granule. Includes biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, and those macromolecular modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the dense core granule.
2010-12-03 GO:0043456 regulation of pentose-phosphate shunt Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the pentose-phosphate shunt, the process in which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043093 FtsZ-dependent cytokinesis Added DEFINITION A cytokinesis process that involves a set of conserved proteins including FtsZ, and results in the formation of two similarly sized and shaped cells; the process in which prokaryotic cells divide.
2010-12-03 GO:0042694 muscle cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a muscle cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively and non-covalently with the basal transcription machinery which is composed of a bacterial-type RNA polymerase core enzyme and a sigma factor, the minimal set of factors required for formation of the preinitiation complex (PIC) by a bacterial-type RNA polymerase.
2010-12-03 GO:0008269 JAK pathway signal transduction adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together two molecules of the JAK signal transduction pathway, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0042680 compound eye cone cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a compound eye cone cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0042245 RNA repair Added DEFINITION Any process that results in the repair of damaged RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0042273 ribosomal large subunit biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a large ribosomal subunit; includes transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043683 type IV pilus biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a type IV pilus. A type IV pilus is composed of a pilus fiber and approximately ten proteins at its base; type IV pili play a role in cell motility, adherence to substrates, and aggregation.
2010-12-03 GO:0031671 primary cell septum biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a primary cell septum following nuclear division.
2010-12-03 GO:0035418 protein localization to synapse Added DEFINITION Any process in which a protein is transported to, and/or maintained at the synapse, the junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron or muscle fiber or glial cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043900 regulation of multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a multi-organism process, a process in which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2010-12-03 GO:0042780 tRNA 3'-end processing Added DEFINITION The process in which the 3' end of a pre-tRNA molecule is converted to that of a mature tRNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added DEFINITION The directed movement of an organelle along a microtubule, mediated by motor proteins. This process begins with the attachment of an organelle to a microtubule, and ends when the organelle reaches its final destination.
2010-12-03 GO:0070591 ascospore wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of an ascospore wall.
2010-12-03 GO:0042750 hibernation Added DEFINITION Any process in which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2010-12-03 GO:0039007 pronephric nephron morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the pronephric nephron are generated and organized. A pronephric nephron is the functional unit of the pronephros.
2010-12-03 GO:0042667 auditory receptor cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together a cytoskeletal protein and one or more other molecules, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0042274 ribosomal small subunit biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a small ribosomal subunit; includes transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0043654 recognition of apoptotic cell Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell interprets signals (in the form of specific proteins and lipids) on the surface of a dying cell which it will engulf and remove by phagocytosis.
2010-12-03 GO:0042063 gliogenesis Added DEFINITION The process that results in the generation of glial cells. This includes the production of glial progenitors and their differentiation into mature glia.
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the transition from the initiation to the elongation phases of transcription, generally including a conformational change from the initiation conformation to the elongation conformation. Promoter clearance often involves breaking contact with transcription factors involved only in the initiation phase.
2010-12-03 GO:0070271 protein complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a protein complex. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Added DEFINITION Any homoeostatic process in which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2010-12-03 GO:0009834 secondary cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION A cellular process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of inextensible cellulose- and pectin-containing cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall after cell expansion is complete. An example of this is found in Arabidopsis thaliana.
2010-12-03 GO:0042668 auditory receptor cell fate determination Added DEFINITION The process in which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into an auditory hair cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.
2010-12-03 GO:0043366 beta selection Deleted DEFINITION The process by which successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence leads to rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2010-12-03 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2010-12-03 GO:0090071 negative regulation of ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0090070 positive regulation of ribosome biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of ribosome biogenesis. Ribosome biogenesis is the process of the formation of the constituents of the ribosome subunits, their assembly, and their transport to the sites of protein synthesis.
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed organelle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added SYNONYM basal bacterial-type RNA polymerase transcription machinery binding
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Deleted SYNONYM protein-protein adaptor
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed organelle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Added SYNONYM protein-protein adaptor
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added SYNONYM clathrin-associated adaptor activity
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed vesicle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed vesicle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed vesicle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule minus-end-directed organelle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed organelle distribution
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule plus-end-directed vesicle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule-based organelle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0060090 binding, bridging Added SYNONYM molecular adaptor activity
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added SYNONYM microtubule-based vesicle localization
2010-12-03 GO:0043922 negative regulation by host of viral transcription Added DEFINITION Any process in which a host organism stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of viral transcription, the synthesis of either RNA on a template of DNA or DNA on a template of RNA.
2010-12-03 GO:0043587 tongue morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process in which the anatomical structures of the tongue are generated and organized. The tongue is the movable, muscular organ on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates, in man other mammals is the principal organ of taste, aids in the prehension of food, in swallowing, and in modifying the voice as in speech.
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added DEFINITION A conical shaped array of microtubules that completely covers the nucleus of a spermatid, thought to be involved in sperm head elongation.
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The binding activity of a molecule that brings together clathrin and one or more other molecules, permitting them to function in a coordinated way.
2010-12-03 GO:0043933 macromolecular complex subunit organization Added DEFINITION Any process in which macromolecules aggregate, disaggregate, or are modified, resulting in the formation, disassembly, or alteration of a macromolecular complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Added DEFINITION Any process in which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2010-12-03 GO:0042693 muscle cell fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process in which the cellular identity of muscle cells is acquired and determined.
2010-12-03 GO:0042262 DNA protection Added DEFINITION Any process in which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2010-12-03 GO:0044089 positive regulation of cellular component biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular component biogenesis, a process that results in the biosynthesis of constituent macromolecules, assembly, and arrangement of constituent parts of a cellular component.
2010-12-03 GO:0080158 chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a chloroplast ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (RubisCO) complex is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the synthesis of the constituent protein molecules, and those protein modifications that are involved in synthesis or assembly of the complex.
2010-12-03 GO:0043703 photoreceptor cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a photoreceptor cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed.

Relationships

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2010-12-03 GO:0047497 mitochondrion transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0047497 mitochondrion transport along microtubule Deleted RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0051648 (vesicle localization)
2010-12-03 GO:0047496 vesicle transport along microtubule Deleted RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0072385 minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072386 plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072385 (minus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072382 minus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0047496 (vesicle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072386 (plus-end-directed organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072383 plus-end-directed vesicle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0047496 (vesicle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0072384 organelle transport along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0030473 nuclear migration along microtubule Added RELATION is a GO:0072384 (organelle transport along microtubule)
2010-12-03 GO:0030473 nuclear migration along microtubule Deleted RELATION is a GO:0010970 (microtubule-based transport)
2010-12-03 GO:0030674 protein binding, bridging Added RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0035615 clathrin adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030276 (clathrin binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0005068 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0005068 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030971 (receptor tyrosine kinase binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0005091 guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0005091 guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0008269 JAK pathway signal transduction adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0019895 kinesin-associated mitochondrial adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0019895 kinesin-associated mitochondrial adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0017107 anion exchanger adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0017107 anion exchanger adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0005515 (protein binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0017107 anion exchanger adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0001108 bacterial-type RNA polymerase holo enzyme binding Added RELATION is a GO:0001098 (basal transcription machinery binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added RELATION is a GO:0071822 (protein complex subunit organization)
2010-12-03 GO:0001109 promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription Added RELATION part of GO:0006351 (transcription, DNA-templated)
2010-12-03 GO:0001110 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase III promoter Added RELATION is a GO:0001109 (promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription)
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added RELATION part of GO:0006366 (transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter)
2010-12-03 GO:0001111 promoter clearance from RNA polymerase II promoter Added RELATION is a GO:0001109 (promoter clearance during DNA-templated transcription)
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added RELATION is a GO:0044430 (cytoskeletal part)
2010-12-03 GO:0002177 manchette Added RELATION part of GO:0015630 (microtubule cytoskeleton)
2010-12-03 GO:0001103 RNA polymerase II repressing transcription factor binding Added RELATION is a GO:0070491 (repressing transcription factor binding)
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Added RELATION is a GO:0030674 (protein binding, bridging)
2010-12-03 GO:0008093 cytoskeletal adaptor activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0060090 (binding, bridging)
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