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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2009-01-31

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2009-01-31 GO:0010863 positive regulation of phospholipase C activity Added TERM positive regulation of phospholipase C activity
2009-01-31 GO:0010864 positive regulation of protein histidine kinase activity Added TERM positive regulation of protein histidine kinase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0010865 stipule development Added TERM stipule development
2009-01-31 GO:0010866 regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added TERM regulation of triacylglycerol biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010867 positive regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added TERM positive regulation of triacylglycerol biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010868 negative regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added TERM negative regulation of triacylglycerol biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010869 regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added TERM regulation of receptor biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010870 positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added TERM positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010619 adenylate cyclase-activating glucose-activated G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by glucose-triggered G-protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0010579 positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity by G-protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0010580 activation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein signaling Deleted TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0007213 G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM muscarinic acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007217 tachykinin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM tachykinin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0008635 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process by cytochrome c Updated TERM activation of caspase activity by cytochrome c
2009-01-31 GO:0008636 activation of caspase activity by protein phosphorylation Updated TERM activation of caspase activity by protein amino acid phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0007189 adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by G-protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007191 adenylate cyclase-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007192 adenylate cyclase-activating serotonin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by serotonin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007193 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by G-protein signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0007195 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007196 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled glutamate receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007197 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by muscarinic acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007198 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting serotonin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by serotonin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007200 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway coupled to IP3 second messenger
2009-01-31 GO:0007205 protein kinase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of protein kinase C activity by G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007206 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled glutamate receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007207 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by muscarinic acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007208 phospholipase C-activating serotonin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by serotonin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007209 phospholipase C-activating tachykinin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by tachykinin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0006919 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process Updated TERM activation of caspase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0031151 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K79 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K79 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0019409 aerobic respiration, using ammonia as electron donor Updated TERM aerobic respiration, using ammonia as electron donor
2009-01-31 GO:0019479 L-alanine oxidation to D-lactate and ammonia Updated TERM L-alanine oxidation to D-lactate and ammonia
2009-01-31 GO:0019494 proline oxidation Deleted TERM proline oxidation
2009-01-31 GO:0019915 lipid storage Updated TERM lipid storage
2009-01-31 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Updated TERM ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis
2009-01-31 GO:0016244 non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0017005 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Updated TERM 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0012503 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0012504 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death by other organism Deleted TERM induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death by other organism
2009-01-31 GO:0010871 negative regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added TERM negative regulation of receptor biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010872 regulation of cholesterol esterification Added TERM regulation of cholesterol esterification
2009-01-31 GO:0010873 positive regulation of cholesterol esterification Added TERM positive regulation of cholesterol esterification
2009-01-31 GO:0010874 regulation of cholesterol efflux Added TERM regulation of cholesterol efflux
2009-01-31 GO:0010875 positive regulation of cholesterol efflux Added TERM positive regulation of cholesterol efflux
2009-01-31 GO:0010876 lipid localization Added TERM lipid localization
2009-01-31 GO:0010877 lipid transport involved in lipid storage Added TERM lipid transport involved in lipid storage
2009-01-31 GO:0010878 cholesterol storage Added TERM cholesterol storage
2009-01-31 GO:0010879 cholesterol transport involved in cholesterol storage Added TERM cholesterol transport involved in cholesterol storage
2009-01-31 GO:0042799 histone methyltransferase activity (H4-K20 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H4-K20 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0042800 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043006 activation of phospholipase A2 activity by calcium-mediated signaling Updated TERM activation of phospholipase A2 activity by calcium-mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0043070 regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0043071 positive regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM positive regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0043072 negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0035175 histone kinase activity (H3-S10 specific) Updated TERM histone kinase activity (H3-S10 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0033239 negative regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Updated TERM negative regulation of cellular amine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033240 positive regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Updated TERM positive regulation of cellular amine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033241 regulation of cellular amine catabolic process Updated TERM regulation of cellular amine catabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033242 negative regulation of cellular amine catabolic process Updated TERM negative regulation of cellular amine catabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033243 positive regulation of cellular amine catabolic process Updated TERM positive regulation of cellular amine catabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0032931 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K56 specific) Updated TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K56 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0033238 regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Updated TERM regulation of cellular amine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0032431 activation of phospholipase A2 activity Updated TERM activation of phospholipase A2 activity
2009-01-31 GO:0031635 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting opioid receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by opioid receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0031657 regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G1/S
2009-01-31 GO:0031658 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G1/S
2009-01-31 GO:0031659 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G1/S
2009-01-31 GO:0031660 regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G2/M
2009-01-31 GO:0031661 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G2/M
2009-01-31 GO:0031662 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G2/M
2009-01-31 GO:0043977 histone H2A-K5 acetylation Added TERM histone H2A-K5 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043978 histone H2A-K9 acetylation Added TERM histone H2A-K9 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043979 histone H2B-K5 acetylation Added TERM histone H2B-K5 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043980 histone H2B-K12 acetylation Added TERM histone H2B-K12 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043981 histone H4-K5 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K5 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043982 histone H4-K8 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K8 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043983 histone H4-K12 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K12 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043984 histone H4-K16 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K16 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043985 histone H4-R3 methylation Added TERM histone H4-R3 methylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043986 histone H3-S3 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H3-S3 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043987 histone H3-S10 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H3-S10 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043988 histone H3-S28 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H3-S28 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043989 histone H4-S1 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H4-S1 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043990 histone H2A-S1 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H2A-S1 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043991 histone H2B-S14 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H2B-S14 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043992 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043993 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K18 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K18 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043994 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K23 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K23 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043995 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K5 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K5 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043996 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K8 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K8 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043997 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K12 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K12 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043998 H2A histone acetyltransferase activity Added TERM H2A histone acetyltransferase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0043999 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K5 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K5 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044012 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K9 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K9 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044013 H2B histone acetyltransferase activity Added TERM H2B histone acetyltransferase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0044014 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K5 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K5 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044015 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K12 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K12 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044016 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044017 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044018 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044019 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K72 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K72 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044020 histone methyltransferase activity (H4-R3 specific) Added TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H4-R3 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044021 histone kinase activity (H3-S3 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H3-S3 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044022 histone kinase activity (H3-S28 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H3-S28 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044023 histone kinase activity (H4-S1 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H4-S1 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044024 histone kinase activity (H2A-S1 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H2A-S1 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044025 histone kinase activity (H2B-S14 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H2B-S14 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044026 DNA hypermethylation Added TERM DNA hypermethylation
2009-01-31 GO:0044027 hypermethylation of CpG island Added TERM hypermethylation of CpG island
2009-01-31 GO:0044028 DNA hypomethylation Added TERM DNA hypomethylation
2009-01-31 GO:0044029 hypomethylation of CpG island Added TERM hypomethylation of CpG island
2009-01-31 GO:0044030 regulation of DNA methylation Added TERM regulation of DNA methylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043947 positive regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity Updated TERM positive regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0043948 positive regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity Updated TERM positive regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0043966 histone H3 acetylation Added TERM histone H3 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043967 histone H4 acetylation Added TERM histone H4 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043968 histone H2A acetylation Added TERM histone H2A acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043969 histone H2B acetylation Added TERM histone H2B acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043970 histone H3-K9 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K9 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043971 histone H3-K18 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K18 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043972 histone H3-K23 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K23 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043973 histone H3-K4 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K4 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043974 histone H3-K27 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K27 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043975 histone H3-K36 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K36 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043976 histone H3-K79 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K79 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043166 H4/H2 histone acetyltransferase activity Updated TERM H4/H2 histone acetyltransferase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0060405 regulation of penile erection Added TERM regulation of penile erection
2009-01-31 GO:0060406 positive regulation of penile erection Added TERM positive regulation of penile erection
2009-01-31 GO:0060407 negative regulation of penile erection Added TERM negative regulation of penile erection
2009-01-31 GO:0060408 regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process Added TERM regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0060409 positive regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process Added TERM positive regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0060410 negative regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process Added TERM negative regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0055123 digestive system development Added TERM digestive system development
2009-01-31 GO:0055124 premature neural plate formation Added TERM premature neural plate formation
2009-01-31 GO:0060158 phospholipase C-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0060162 negative regulation of phospholipase C-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM negative regulation of phospholipase C-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0052198 modulation of peptidase activity in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated TERM modulation of protease activity in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052203 modulation of catalytic activity in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated TERM modulation of catalytic activity in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052205 modulation of molecular function in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated TERM modulation of molecular function in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052397 induction by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted TERM induction by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052403 negative regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity Updated TERM negative regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052422 modulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity Updated TERM modulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052427 modulation by host of symbiont peptidase activity Updated TERM modulation by host of symbiont protease activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052459 modulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted TERM modulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052518 positive regulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted TERM positive regulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052053 negative regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity Updated TERM negative regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052148 modulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity Updated TERM modulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052149 modulation by symbiont of host peptidase activity Updated TERM modulation by symbiont of host protease activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052152 modulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM modulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0052153 positive regulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM positive regulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0046863 ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase activator activity Updated TERM ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase activator activity
2009-01-31 GO:0046974 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0046975 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0046976 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0080032 methyl jasmonate esterase activity Added TERM methyl jasmonate esterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0080033 response to nitrite Added TERM response to nitrite
2009-01-31 GO:0080034 host response to induction by symbiont of tumor, nodule or growth in host Added TERM host response to induction by symbiont of tumor, nodule or growth in host
2009-01-31 GO:0080035 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate biosynthetic process Added TERM 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0080036 regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added TERM regulation of cytokinin mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0080037 negative regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added TERM negative regulation of cytokinin mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0080038 positive regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added TERM postive regulation of cytokinin mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0070252 actin-mediated cell contraction Added TERM actin-mediated cell contraction
2009-01-31 GO:0070253 somatostatin secretion Added TERM somatostatin secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070254 mucus secretion Added TERM mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070255 regulation of mucus secretion Added TERM regulation of mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070256 negative regulation of mucus secretion Added TERM negative regulation of mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070257 positive regulation of mucus secretion Added TERM positive regulation of mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070258 inner membrane complex Added TERM inner membrane complex
2009-01-31 GO:0070259 tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Added TERM tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0070260 5'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Added TERM 5'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0070261 hemolymph circulation Added TERM hemolymph circulation
2009-01-31 GO:0070262 peptidyl-serine dephosphorylation Added TERM peptidyl-serine dephosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0070263 external side of fungal-type cell wall Added TERM external side of fungal-type cell wall
2009-01-31 GO:0070264 transcription factor TFIIIE complex Added TERM transcription factor TFIIIE complex
2009-01-31 GO:0070265 necrotic cell death Added TERM necrotic cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0070266 necroptotic process Added TERM necroptosis
2009-01-31 GO:0070267 oncosis Added TERM oncosis
2009-01-31 GO:0070268 cornification Added TERM cornification
2009-01-31 GO:0070269 pyroptosis Added TERM pyroptosis
2009-01-31 GO:0070270 mitotic catastrophe Added TERM mitotic catastrophe
2009-01-31 GO:0070271 protein complex biogenesis Added TERM protein complex biogenesis
2009-01-31 GO:0070272 proton-transporting ATP synthase complex biogenesis Added TERM proton-transporting ATP synthase complex biogenesis
2009-01-31 GO:0070273 phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate binding Added TERM phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate binding
2009-01-31 GO:0070274 RES complex Added TERM RES complex
2009-01-31 GO:0070275 aerobic ammonia oxidation to nitrite via pyruvic oxime Added TERM aerobic ammonia oxidation to nitrite via pyruvic oxime
2009-01-31 GO:0070276 halogen metabolic process Added TERM halogen metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0070277 iodide oxidation Added TERM iodide oxidation
2009-01-31 GO:0016244 non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0043070 regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0043071 positive regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0043072 negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0012503 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION A process which directly activates any of the steps required for non-apoptotic programmed cell death.
2009-01-31 GO:0012504 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death by other organism Deleted DEFINITION A process which directly activates any of the steps required for non-apoptotic programmed cell death in another organism.
2009-01-31 GO:0052397 induction by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates programmed cell death by a non-apoptotic pathway in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052518 positive regulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death by a non-apoptotic pathway in the second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052459 modulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death by a non-apoptotic pathway in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052152 modulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death in the host, where programmed cell death proceeds by a non-apoptotic pathway. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052153 positive regulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death in the host, where programmed cell death proceeds by a non-apoptotic pathway. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0080029 cellular response to boron-containing substance levels Added TERM cellular response to boron levels
2009-01-31 GO:0080030 methyl indole-3-acetate esterase activity Added TERM methyl indole-3-acetate esterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0080031 methyl salicylate esterase activity Added TERM methyl salicylate esterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0010580 activation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein signaling Deleted DEFINITION Any process that initiates the activity of an inactive adenylate cyclase that is an integral part of the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a G-protein coupled receptor binding to its physiological ligand, resulting in a subsequent change in the concentration of cyclic AMP.
2009-01-31 GO:0014826 vein smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the vein. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The vein is a vessel carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
2009-01-31 GO:0051326 telophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase, the last stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2009-01-31 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014721 twitch skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The twitch skeletal muscle responds to neurostimulations with a contraction followed by a relaxation.
2009-01-31 GO:0003010 voluntary skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within voluntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the voluntary skeletal muscle, the muscle contraction takes advantage of an ordered sarcomeric structure and it is under voluntary control. Voluntary skeletal muscle is skeletal muscle that is under conscious control.
2009-01-31 GO:0014820 tonic smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the tonic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Tonic smooth muscle contraction occurs as a sustained continuous contraction.
2009-01-31 GO:0017005 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of covalent intermediates (in DNA backbone breakage) between DNA topoisomerase I and DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0005667 transcription factor complex Deleted DEFINITION Any complex, distinct from RNA polymerase, including one or more polypeptides capable of binding DNA at promoters or at cis-acting regulatory sequences, and regulating transcription.
2009-01-31 GO:0000238 zygotene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the second stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which each chromosome pairs with its homolog; the two become aligned and crossing over may occur.
2009-01-31 GO:0014849 ureter smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the ureter. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The ureter is one of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
2009-01-31 GO:0080029 cellular response to boron-containing substance levels Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus reflecting the presence, absence, or concentration of boron.
2009-01-31 GO:0080030 methyl indole-3-acetate esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction methyl indole-3-acetate (MeIAA) + H2O = indole-3-acetate (IAA)+ methanol.
2009-01-31 GO:0080031 methyl salicylate esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction methyl salicylate (MeSA) + H2O = salicylic acid (SA)+ methanol.
2009-01-31 GO:0080032 methyl jasmonate esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction methyl jasmonate (MeJA) + H2O = jasmonate (JA)+ methanol.
2009-01-31 GO:0080033 response to nitrite Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nitrate stimulus.
2009-01-31 GO:0080034 host response to induction by symbiont of tumor, nodule or growth in host Added DEFINITION A change in the state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of the formation of an abnormal mass of cells in the host organism, induced by a symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0080035 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of progoitrin, a 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate. Glucosinolates are substituted thioglucosides found in rapeseed products and related cruciferae, and progoitin has been implicated in causing goiters in mammals and bitter taste in cruciferous vegetables.
2009-01-31 GO:0080036 regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by cytokinin.
2009-01-31 GO:0080037 negative regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by cytokinin.
2009-01-31 GO:0080038 positive regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by cytokinin.
2009-01-31 GO:0007127 meiosis I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the first phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and homologous chromosomes are paired and segregated from each other, producing two daughter cells.
2009-01-31 GO:0007128 meiotic prophase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase of meiosis I; divided into several stages.
2009-01-31 GO:0007132 meiotic metaphase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through metaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007133 meiotic anaphase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007134 meiotic telophase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through telophase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007135 meiosis II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the second phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and separate the two chromatids in each chromosome.
2009-01-31 GO:0007136 meiotic prophase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic prophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007137 meiotic metaphase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through metaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007138 meiotic anaphase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007139 meiotic telophase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through telophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007140 male meiosis Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007141 male meiosis I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through male meiosis I, the first meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007142 male meiosis II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through male meiosis II, the second meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007143 female meiotic division Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the female germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007189 adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that initiates the activity of an inactive adenylate cyclase that is an integral part of the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a G-protein coupled receptor binding to its physiological ligand, resulting in a subsequent change in the concentration of cyclic AMP.
2009-01-31 GO:0007272 ensheathment of neurons Added DEFINITION The process whereby glial cells envelop neuronal cell bodies and/or axons to form an insulating layer. This can take the form of myelinating or non-myelinating ensheathment.
2009-01-31 GO:0007520 myoblast fusion Added DEFINITION A process whereby non-proliferating myoblasts fuse to existing fibers or to myotubes to form new fibers. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2009-01-31 GO:0009444 pyruvate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of pyruvate to acetylphosphate.
2009-01-31 GO:0010243 response to organonitrogen compound Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic nitrogen stimulus. An organic nitrogen compound is formally a compound containing at least one carbon-nitrogen bond.
2009-01-31 GO:0010863 positive regulation of phospholipase C activity Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate of phospholipase C activity.
2009-01-31 GO:0010864 positive regulation of protein histidine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein histidine kinase activity.
2009-01-31 GO:0010865 stipule development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the stipule over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A stipule is one of (usually) a pair of appendages at the bases of leaves in many broad-leaved angiosperms.
2009-01-31 GO:0010866 regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Triacylglycerol biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2009-01-31 GO:0010867 positive regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Triacylglycerol biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2009-01-31 GO:0010868 negative regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Triacylglycerol biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2009-01-31 GO:0010869 regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency or rate of receptor biosynthesis. Receptor biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-31 GO:0010870 positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency or rate of receptor biosynthesis. Receptor biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-31 GO:0010871 negative regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency or rate of receptor biosynthesis. Receptor biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-31 GO:0051325 interphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of chromosome segregation. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs.
2009-01-31 GO:0051328 meiotic interphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of meiosis. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs.
2009-01-31 GO:0051329 mitotic interphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of mitosis. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs.
2009-01-31 GO:0010872 regulation of cholesterol esterification Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol esterification. Cholesterol esterification is the lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and cholesterol. In the blood this process is associated with the conversion of free cholesterol into cholesteryl ester, which is then sequestered into the core of a lipoprotein particle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010873 positive regulation of cholesterol esterification Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol esterification. Cholesterol esterification is the lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and cholesterol. In the blood this process is associated with the conversion of free cholesterol into cholesteryl ester, which is then sequestered into the core of a lipoprotein particle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010874 regulation of cholesterol efflux Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol efflux. Cholesterol efflux is the directed movement of cholesterol, cholest-5-en-3-beta-ol, out of a cell or organelle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010875 positive regulation of cholesterol efflux Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol efflux. Cholesterol efflux is the directed movement of cholesterol, cholest-5-en-3-beta-ol, out of a cell or organelle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010876 lipid localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a lipid is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2009-01-31 GO:0010877 lipid transport involved in lipid storage Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lipids into cells that is part of their accumulation and maintenance.
2009-01-31 GO:0010878 cholesterol storage Added DEFINITION The accumulation and maintenance in cells or tissues of cholesterol, cholest-5-en-3 beta-ol, the principal sterol of vertebrates and the precursor of many steroids, including bile acids and steroid hormones.
2009-01-31 GO:0010879 cholesterol transport involved in cholesterol storage Added DEFINITION The directed movement of cholesterol into cells that is part of their accumulation and maintenance.
2009-01-31 GO:0014001 sclerenchyma cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sclerenchyma cell. Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialised for structural strength. Includes fiber cells, that are greatly elongated; and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist. Cells may or may not be devoid of protoplast at maturity. Cell form and size are variable.
2009-01-31 GO:0014703 oscillatory muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within oscillatory skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Oscillatory muscle contraction occurs in insect wing muscles and is characterised by asynchrony between action potential and contraction and by stretch activation.
2009-01-31 GO:0014716 skeletal muscle satellite stem cell asymmetric division involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION Satellite cell asymmetric division that occurs during a process in which damaged muscle tissue is being rebuilt. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014719 skeletal muscle satellite cell activation Added DEFINITION A change in the morphology or behavior of a satellite cell resulting from exposure to an activating factor such as a cellular or soluble ligand. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014720 tonic skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The tonic skeletal muscle is characterized by long lasting contractile responses and high resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0014721 twitch skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The twitch skeletal muscle responds to neurostimulations with a contraction followed by a relaxation.
2009-01-31 GO:0014730 skeletal muscle regeneration at neuromuscular junction Added DEFINITION The regrowth of muscle tissue to repair injured or damaged muscle fibers in the postnatal stage at the neuromuscular junction. Regeneration of neuromuscular junctions occurs in an orderly way and relies on communication between nerve and muscle. Skeletal myofibers regenerate after injury and form neuro-muscular junctions with motor axons similar to normal ones. Regenerating myofibers develop within the basal lamina sheaths (satellite cells) of original myofibers.
2009-01-31 GO:0014814 axon regeneration at neuromuscular junction Added DEFINITION The regrowth of axons following their loss or damage at the neuromuscular junction. Motor axons regenerate after injury and they form neuro-muscular junctions with skeletal myofibers similar to normal ones.
2009-01-31 GO:0014815 initiation of skeletal muscle satellite cell activation by growth factor signalling, involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION Signalling between growth factors and their receptors that results in the activation of satellite cell, where this process is involved in skeletal muscle regeneration. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0007067 mitotic nuclear division Deleted DEFINITION Progression through mitosis, the division of the eukaryotic cell nucleus to produce two daughter nuclei that, usually, contain the identical chromosome complement to their mother.
2009-01-31 GO:0000090 mitotic anaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase, the stage of mitosis during which the two sets of chromosomes separate and move away from each other.
2009-01-31 GO:0000091 mitotic anaphase A Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase A, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the kinetochore microtubules shorten as chromosomes move toward the spindle poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000092 mitotic anaphase B Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase B, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the polar microtubules elongate and the two poles of the spindle move farther apart.
2009-01-31 GO:0000236 mitotic prometaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prometaphase, the stage following prophase in mitosis (in higher eukaryotes) during which the nuclear envelope is disrupted and breaks into membrane vesicles, and the spindle microtubules enter the nuclear region. Kinetochores mature on each centromere and attach to some of the spindle microtubules. Kinetochore microtubules begin the process of aligning chromosomes in one plane halfway between the poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000088 mitotic prophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase, the initial stage of mitosis in which the chromosomes are condensed but are not yet attached to a mitotic spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0007132 meiotic metaphase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through metaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007137 meiotic metaphase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through metaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0014832 urinary bladder smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary bladder. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary bladder is a musculomembranous sac along the urinary tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0014848 urinary tract smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary tract. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary tract consists of organs of the body that produce and discharge urine. These include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
2009-01-31 GO:0003885 D-arabinono-1,4-lactone oxidase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-arabinono-1,4-lactone + O2 = D-erythro-ascorbate + H2O2.
2009-01-31 GO:0000279 M phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through M phase, the part of the cell cycle comprising nuclear division.
2009-01-31 GO:0051327 meiotic M phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through M phase, the part of the meiotic cell cycle during which meiosis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0000087 mitotic M phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through M phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which mitosis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0051323 metaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through metaphase, the second stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes become aligned on the equatorial plate of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0007141 male meiosis I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through male meiosis I, the first meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007142 male meiosis II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through male meiosis II, the second meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0000237 leptotene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the first stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which chromosomes first become visible.
2009-01-31 GO:0007127 meiosis I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the first phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and homologous chromosomes are paired and segregated from each other, producing two daughter cells.
2009-01-31 GO:0007135 meiosis II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the second phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and separate the two chromatids in each chromosome.
2009-01-31 GO:0007133 meiotic anaphase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007138 meiotic anaphase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0014820 tonic smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the tonic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Tonic smooth muscle contraction occurs as a sustained continuous contraction.
2009-01-31 GO:0007128 meiotic prophase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase of meiosis I; divided into several stages.
2009-01-31 GO:0007136 meiotic prophase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic prophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007134 meiotic telophase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007139 meiotic telophase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0000093 mitotic telophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase, the last of the stages of mitosis; in the canonical cell cycle, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2009-01-31 GO:0045543 gibberellin 2-beta-dioxygenase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gibberellin 1 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = 2-beta-hydroxygibberellin 1 + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0016707 gibberellin 3-beta-dioxygenase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gibberellin 20 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = gibberellin 1 + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0014821 phasic smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within phasic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the phasic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Phasic smooth muscle contraction occurs in a series of discrete contractions and relaxations.
2009-01-31 GO:0014824 artery smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the artery. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The artery is a vessel carrying blood away from the heart.
2009-01-31 GO:0014825 stomach fundus smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the fundus of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fundus is the portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch.
2009-01-31 GO:0014826 vein smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the vein. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The vein is a vessel carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
2009-01-31 GO:0014827 intestine smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the intestine. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The intestine is the section of the alimentary canal from the stomach to the anal canal. It includes the large intestine and small intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0014828 distal stomach smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the distal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The distal stomach is composed of the lower body and antrum and develops strong peristaltic phasic contractions that increase in amplitude as they propagate toward the pylorus.
2009-01-31 GO:0014830 arteriole smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the arteriole. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The arteriole is the smallest division of the artery located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
2009-01-31 GO:0014831 gastro-intestinal system smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the gastro-intestinal system. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The gastro-intestinal system generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the mouth to anus, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (liver, pancreas and biliary tract).
2009-01-31 GO:0014832 urinary bladder smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary bladder. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary bladder is a musculomembranous sac along the urinary tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0014834 skeletal muscle satellite cell maintenance involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process essential to maintain a ready source of satellite cells. It consists of the return of activated satellite cells to a quiescent state after proliferation to replenish the satellite cell pool. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014841 skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of satellite cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014845 stomach body smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the body of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The body of stomach is the part of the stomach that lies between the fundus above and the pyloric antrum below; its boundaries are poorly defined.
2009-01-31 GO:0014846 esophagus smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the esophagus. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The esophagus is the muscular membranous segment between the pharynx and the stomach in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0014821 phasic smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within phasic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the phasic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Phasic smooth muscle contraction occurs in a series of discrete contractions and relaxations.
2009-01-31 GO:0000239 pachytene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the third stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which crossing over occurs between a chromatid in one partner and another chromatid in the homologous chromosome.
2009-01-31 GO:0014860 neurotransmitter secretion involved in regulation of skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION The regulated release of neurotransmitter into the synaptic cleft involved in skeletal muscle contraction. A neurotransmitter is any of a group of substances that are released on excitation from the axon terminal of a presynaptic neuron of the central or peripheral nervous system and travel across the synaptic cleft to either excite or inhibit the target cell. Among the many substances that have the properties of a neurotransmitter are acetylcholine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, glycine, y aminobutyrate, glutamic acid, substance P, enkephalins, endorphins and serotonin.
2009-01-31 GO:0014703 oscillatory muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within oscillatory skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The oscillatory muscle contraction occurs in insect wing muscles and it is charactirised by asynchrony between action potential and contraction and by stretch activation.
2009-01-31 GO:0014889 muscle atrophy Deleted DEFINITION A process, occurring in the muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fibre diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0006936 muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis.
2009-01-31 GO:0048747 muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048744 negative regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014846 esophagus smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the esophagus. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The esophagus is the muscular membranous segment between the pharynx and the stomach in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0000241 diakinesis Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the final stage of prophase I in meiosis; the transition to meiotic metaphase I.
2009-01-31 GO:0014827 intestine smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the intestine. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The intestine is the section of the alimentary canal from the stomach to the anal canal. It includes the large intestine and small intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0003011 involuntary skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within involuntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Involuntary skeletal muscle is skeletal muscle that is not under conscious control.
2009-01-31 GO:0043133 hindgut contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the hindgut. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The hindgut is the posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and the large intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0014815 initiation of skeletal muscle satellite cell activation by growth factor signalling, involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION Signalling between growth factors and their receptors that results in the activation of satellite cell, where this process is involved in skeletal muscle regeneration. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0016573 histone acetylation Deleted DEFINITION The modification of histones by addition of acetyl groups.
2009-01-31 GO:0014831 gastro-intestinal system smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the gastro-intestinal system. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The gastro-intestinal system generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the mouth to anus, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (liver, pancreas and biliary tract).
2009-01-31 GO:0020039 pellicle Deleted DEFINITION The cell membrane with its associated infrastructure of microtubules, microfilaments and other organelles.
2009-01-31 GO:0002086 diaphragm contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within involuntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the diaphragm. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The diaphragm is a striated muscle that is necessary for the process of respiratory gaseous exchange.
2009-01-31 GO:0007189 adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Deleted DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a G-protein coupled receptor binding to its physiological ligand, followed by activation of adenylyl cyclase and a subsequent increase in the concentration of cyclic AMP.
2009-01-31 GO:0051318 G1 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis) and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0051330 meiotic G1 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the meiotic cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of meiosis and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000080 mitotic G1 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of mitosis and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0014847 proximal stomach smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the proximal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The proximal stomach, composed of the fundus and upper body, shows low frequency, sustained tonic contractions that are responsible for generating a basal pressure within the stomach.
2009-01-31 GO:0014848 urinary tract smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary tract. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary tract consists of organs of the body that produce and discharge urine. These include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
2009-01-31 GO:0014849 ureter smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the ureter. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The ureter is one of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
2009-01-31 GO:0014860 neurotransmitter secretion involved in regulation of skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION The regulated release of neurotransmitter into the synaptic cleft involved in skeletal muscle contraction. A neurotransmitter is any of a group of substances that are released on excitation from the axon terminal of a presynaptic neuron of the central or peripheral nervous system and travel across the synaptic cleft to either excite or inhibit the target cell. Among the many substances that have the properties of a neurotransmitter are acetylcholine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, glycine, gamma aminobutyrate, glutamic acid, substance P, enkephalins, endorphins and serotonin.
2009-01-31 GO:0014889 muscle atrophy Added DEFINITION A process, occurring in the muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fiber diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0014890 smooth muscle atrophy Added DEFINITION A process, occurring in smooth muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fiber diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0014901 satellite cell activation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process that initiates satellite cell division by causing it to move from quiescence to the G1 stage of the cell cycle. The cell swells and there are a number of other small changes. The cells then start to divide. Following cell division the cells will differentiate. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0015944 formate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways by which formate is converted to CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0015946 methanol oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of methanol to methyl-Coenzyme M.
2009-01-31 GO:0016573 histone acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of a histone by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0016707 gibberellin 3-beta-dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a gibberellin + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = a 3-beta-hydroxy-gibberellin + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0017005 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of 3'-phosphotyrosyl moieties formed as covalent intermediates (in DNA backbone breakage) between DNA topoisomerase I and DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0017163 basal transcription repressor activity Added DEFINITION Any transcription regulator activity that prevents or downregulates basal transcription. Basal transcription results from transcription that is controlled by the minimal complement of proteins necessary to reconstitute transcription from a minimal promoter.
2009-01-31 GO:0019327 lead sulfide oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of lead sulfide to lead sulfate.
2009-01-31 GO:0019329 ammonia oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways rby which ammonia or ammonium is converted to molecular nitrogen or another nitrogen compound, with accompanying loss of electrons.
2009-01-31 GO:0019331 anaerobic respiration, using ammonium as electron donor Added DEFINITION The oxidation of ammonium (NH4) to nitrogen (N2) in the absence of oxygen, using nitrite (NO2) as the electron acceptor. It is suggested that hydroxylamine and ammonium are combined to yield hydrazine, which is subsequently oxidized to N2.
2009-01-31 GO:0019399 cyclohexanol oxidation Added DEFINITION The cyclohexanol metabolic process by which cyclohexanol is converted to adipate.
2009-01-31 GO:0019409 aerobic respiration, using ammonia as electron donor Added DEFINITION The metabolic process by which ammonia (NH3) is oxidized to nitrite (NO2) in the presence of oxygen; enzymatic reactions convert ammonia to hydrazine, and hydrazine to nitrite.
2009-01-31 GO:0019416 polythionate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of thiosulfate to tetrathionate, using cytochrome c as as electron acceptor.
2009-01-31 GO:0019479 L-alanine oxidation to D-lactate and ammonia Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine to D-lactate and ammonia.
2009-01-31 GO:0019480 L-alanine oxidation to pyruvate via D-alanine Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine to pyruvate, with D-alanine as an intermediate.
2009-01-31 GO:0019498 n-octane oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of n-octane to octanoyl-CoA.
2009-01-31 GO:0019516 lactate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of lactate to other compounds, such as pyruvate, with concomitant loss of electrons.
2009-01-31 GO:0019600 toluene oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the loss of electrons from one or more atoms in toluene.
2009-01-31 GO:0020039 pellicle Added DEFINITION The structure enclosing an apicomplexan parasite cell; consists of the cell membrane with its associated infrastructure of microtubules, microfilaments and other organelles.
2009-01-31 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION The cellular process by which a complex containing RNA and proteins is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the synthesis of the constituent RNA and protein molecules.
2009-01-31 GO:0031975 envelope Deleted DEFINITION A multilayered structure surrounding all or part of a cell; encompasses one or more lipid bilayers, and may include a cell wall layer, also includes the space between layers.
2009-01-31 GO:0019331 anaerobic respiration, using ammonium as electron donor Deleted DEFINITION The oxidation of ammonium (NH4) to nitrogen (N2), using nitrite (NO2) as the electron acceptor. It is suggested that hydroxylamine and ammonium are combined to yield hydrazine, which is subsequently oxidized to N2.
2009-01-31 GO:0051322 anaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase, the third stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, sister chromatids (or homologous chromosomes) separate and migrate towards the poles of the spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0048102 autophagic cell death Deleted DEFINITION Destruction of a cell by its own lysosomal contents. This type of programmed cell death is seen when entire tissues, or parts thereof, are committed to destruction, and occurs by the formation of multiple acidic autophagic vacuoles within the doomed cells.
2009-01-31 GO:0014814 axon regeneration at neuromuscular junction Deleted DEFINITION The regrowth of axons following their loss or damage at the neuromuscular junction. Motor axons regenerate after injury and they form neuro-muscular junctions with skeletal myofibres similar to normal ones.
2009-01-31 GO:0006915 apoptotic process Deleted DEFINITION A form of programmed cell death induced by external or internal signals that trigger the activity of proteolytic caspases, whose actions dismantle the cell and result in cell death. Apoptosis begins internally with condensation and subsequent fragmentation of the cell nucleus (blebbing) while the plasma membrane remains intact. Other characteristics of apoptosis include DNA fragmentation and the exposure of phosphatidyl serine on the cell surface.
2009-01-31 GO:0014830 arteriole smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the arteriole. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The arteriole is the smallest division of the artery located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
2009-01-31 GO:0014824 artery smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the artery. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The artery is a vessel carrying blood away from the heart.
2009-01-31 GO:0051541 elastin metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving elastin, a glycoprotein which is randomly coiled and cross linked to form elastic fibres that are found in connective tissue.
2009-01-31 GO:0051319 G2 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis).
2009-01-31 GO:0051331 meiotic G2 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the meiotic cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of meiosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000085 mitotic G2 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of mitosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000240 diplotene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the fourth stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which the homologous chromosomes begin to separate and the synaptonemal complex dissolves.
2009-01-31 GO:0014828 distal stomach smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the distal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The distal stomach is composed of the lower body and antrum and develops strong peristaltic phasic contractions that increase in amplitude as they propagate toward the pylorus.
2009-01-31 GO:0033061 DNA recombinase mediator complex Deleted DEFINITION A protein complex containing two or more Rad51 paralogs and promotes nucleoprotein filament formation during homologous recombination.
2009-01-31 GO:0007272 ensheathment of neurons Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby glial cells envelop neuronal cell bodies and/or axons to form and insulating layer. This can take the form of myelinating or non-myelinating ensheathment.
2009-01-31 GO:0043977 histone H2A-K5 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 5 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043978 histone H2A-K9 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 9 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043979 histone H2B-K5 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 5 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043980 histone H2B-K12 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 12 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043981 histone H4-K5 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 5 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043982 histone H4-K8 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 8 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043983 histone H4-K12 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 12 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043984 histone H4-K16 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 16 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043985 histone H4-R3 methylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by addition of a methyl group to arginine at position 3 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043986 histone H3-S3 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 3 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043987 histone H3-S10 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 10 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043988 histone H3-S28 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 28 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043989 histone H4-S1 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 1 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043990 histone H2A-S1 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 1 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0014847 proximal stomach smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the proximal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The proximal stomach, composed of the fundus and upper body, shows low frequency, sustained tonic contractions that are responsible for generating a basal pressure within the stomach.
2009-01-31 GO:0033238 regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving amines.
2009-01-31 GO:0051324 prophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase, the first stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes condense and the two daughter centrioles and their asters migrate toward the poles of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0048743 positive regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a complex containing RNA and proteins, is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2009-01-31 GO:0006941 striated muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within striated muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Striated muscle is a type of muscle in which the repeating units (sarcomeres) of the contractile myofibrils are arranged in registry throughout the cell, resulting in transverse or oblique striations observable at the level of the light microscope.
2009-01-31 GO:0003009 skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the skeletal muscle, the muscle contraction takes advantage of an ordered sarcomeric structure and in most cases it is under voluntary control.
2009-01-31 GO:0048741 skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the skeletal muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014730 skeletal muscle regeneration at neuromuscular junction Deleted DEFINITION The regrowth of muscle tissue to repair injured or damaged muscle fibers in the postnatal stage at the neuromuscular junction. Regeneration of neuromuscular junctions occurs in an orderly way and relies on communication between nerve and muscle. Skeletal myofibres regenerate after injury and they form neuro-muscular junctions with motor axons similar to normal ones. Regenerating myofibres develop within the basal lamina sheaths (satellite cells) of original myofibres.
2009-01-31 GO:0014845 stomach body smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the body of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The body of stomach is the part of the stomach that lies between the fundus above and the pyloric antrum below; its boundaries are poorly defined.
2009-01-31 GO:0014825 stomach fundus smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the fundus of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fundus is the portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch.
2009-01-31 GO:0031443 fast-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within fast-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fast-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by fast time parameters, high force development and fatiguability.
2009-01-31 GO:0031444 slow-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within slow-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The slow-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by slow time parameters, low force development and resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0031975 envelope Added DEFINITION A multilayered structure surrounding all or part of a cell; encompasses one or more lipid bilayers, and may include a cell wall layer; also includes the space between layers.
2009-01-31 GO:0032798 Swi5-Sfr1 complex Added DEFINITION A conserved DNA recombinase mediator complex that contains two Swi5 monomers and one Sfr1 monomer in Schizosaccharomyces, or orthologs thereof (e.g. Sae3p and Mei5p in Saccharomyces).
2009-01-31 GO:0033061 DNA recombinase mediator complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that promotes nucleoprotein filament formation during homologous recombination; most known examples contain two or more RecA family proteins (often Rad51 paralogs).
2009-01-31 GO:0033238 regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways by which individual cells transform amines.
2009-01-31 GO:0043133 hindgut contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the hindgut. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The hindgut is the posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and the large intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0043966 histone H3 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043967 histone H4 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043968 histone H2A acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043969 histone H2B acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043970 histone H3-K9 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 9 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043971 histone H3-K18 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 18 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043972 histone H3-K23 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 23 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043973 histone H3-K4 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 4 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043974 histone H3-K27 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 27 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043975 histone H3-K36 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 36 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043976 histone H3-K79 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 79 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0014890 smooth muscle atrophy Deleted DEFINITION A process, occurring in smooth muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fibre diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0006939 smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Smooth muscle differs from striated muscle in the much higher actin/myosin ratio, the absence of conspicuous sarcomeres and the ability to contract to a much smaller fraction of its resting length.
2009-01-31 GO:0051320 S phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through S phase, the part of the cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0051332 meiotic S phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through S phase, the part of the meiotic cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0000084 mitotic S phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through S phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0048742 regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0010243 response to organonitrogen compound Deleted DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic nitrogen stimulus. Organic nitrogen is contained as amines in organic compounds such as amino acids and proteins.
2009-01-31 GO:0014719 skeletal muscle satellite cell activation Deleted DEFINITION A change in the morphology or behavior of a satellite cell resulting from exposure to an activating factor such as a cellular or soluble ligand. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0044013 H2B histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine of the histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044014 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K5 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 5 of the histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044015 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K12 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 12 of the histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044016 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 4 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044017 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 27 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044018 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 36 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044019 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K72 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 72 of the histone H3 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0044020 histone methyltransferase activity (H4-R3 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of a methyl group to arginine at position 3 of the histone H4.
2009-01-31 GO:0044021 histone kinase activity (H3-S3 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-3 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044022 histone kinase activity (H3-S28 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-28 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044023 histone kinase activity (H4-S1 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-1 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H4.
2009-01-31 GO:0044024 histone kinase activity (H2A-S1 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-1 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0044025 histone kinase activity (H2B-S14 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-14 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044026 DNA hypermethylation Added DEFINITION An increase in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0044027 hypermethylation of CpG island Added DEFINITION An increase in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in a CpG island in DNA. CpG islands are genomic regions that contain a high frequency of the CG dinucleotide and are often associated with the transcription start site of genes.
2009-01-31 GO:0044028 DNA hypomethylation Added DEFINITION An decrease in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0044029 hypomethylation of CpG island Added DEFINITION An decrease in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in a CpG island in DNA. CpG islands are genomic regions that contain a high frequency of the CG dinucleotide and are often associated with the transcription start site of genes.
2009-01-31 GO:0044030 regulation of DNA methylation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the covalent transfer of a methyl group to either N-6 of adenine or C-5 or N-4 of cytosine.
2009-01-31 GO:0045543 gibberellin 2-beta-dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a gibberellin + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = a 2-beta-hydroxygibberellin + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0048102 autophagic cell death Added DEFINITION A form of programmed cell death that is accompanied by macroautophagy, which is characterized by the sequestration of cytoplasmic material within autophagosomes for bulk degradation by lysosomes. Autophagic cell death is characterized by lack of chromatin condensation, massive vacuolization of the cytoplasm, and accumulation of (double-membraned) autophagic vacuoles, with little or no uptake by phagocytic cells
2009-01-31 GO:0048741 skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the skeletal muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048742 regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048743 positive regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048744 negative regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048747 muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014901 satellite cell activation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION The process that initiates satellite cell division by causing it to move from quiescence to the G1 stage of the cell cycle. The cell swells and there are a number of other small changes. The cells then start to divide. Following cell division the cells will differentiate. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014716 skeletal muscle satellite stem cell asymmetric division involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION Satellite cell asymmetric division that occurs during a process in which damaged muscle tissue is being rebuilt. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014841 skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation Deleted DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of satellite cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014001 sclerenchyma cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sclerenchyma cell. Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialised for structural strength. Includes fibre cells, that are greatly elongated; and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist. Cells may or may not be devoid of protoplast at maturity. Cell form and size are variable.
2009-01-31 GO:0014720 tonic skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The tonic skeletal muscle is characterized by long lasting contractile responses and high resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0007520 myoblast fusion Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby non-proliferating myoblasts fuse to existing fibres or to myotubes to form new fibers. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2009-01-31 GO:0014834 skeletal muscle satellite cell maintenance involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION The process essential to maintain a ready source of satellite cells. It consists of the return of activated satellite cells to a quiescent state after proliferation to replenish the satellite cell pool. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0060309 elastin catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of elastin. Elastin is a glycoprotein which is randomly coiled and cross linked to form elastic fibres that are found in connective tissue.
2009-01-31 GO:0031443 fast-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within fast-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fast-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by fast time parameters, high force development and fatiguability.
2009-01-31 GO:0031444 slow-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within slow-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The slow-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by slow time parameters, low force development and resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0032798 Swi5-Sfr1 complex Deleted DEFINITION A conserved eukaryotic protein complex involved in DNA recombinational repair; in Schizosaccharomyces the complex contains two Swi5 monomers and one Sfr1 monomer.
2009-01-31 GO:0007126 meiotic nuclear division Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle, the specialized nuclear and cell division in which a single diploid cell undergoes two nuclear divisions following a single round of DNA replication in order to produce four daughter cells that contain half the number of chromosomes as the diploid cell. Meiotic division occurs during the formation of gametes from diploid organisms and at the beginning of haplophase in those organisms that alternate between diploid and haploid generations.
2009-01-31 GO:0007140 male meiosis Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007143 female meiotic division Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the female germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0017163 basal transcription repressor activity Deleted DEFINITION Any transcription regulator activity that prevents or downregulates basal transcription. Basal transcription results from transcription that is controlled by the minimal complement of proteins necessary to reconstitute transcription from a minimal promoter.
2009-01-31 GO:0000080 mitotic G1 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of mitosis and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000084 mitotic S phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through S phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0000085 mitotic G2 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of mitosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000087 mitotic M phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through M phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which mitosis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0043991 histone H2B-S14 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 14 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043992 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 9 of the histone H3 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043993 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K18 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 18 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0043994 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K23 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 23 of the histone H3 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043995 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K5 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 5 of the histone H4 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043996 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K8 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 8 of the histone H4 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043997 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K12 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 12 of the histone H4 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043998 H2A histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine of the histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0043999 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K5 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 5 of the histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0044012 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K9 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 9 of the histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0006915 apoptotic process Added DEFINITION A form of programmed cell death characterized by rounding-up of the cell, retraction of pseudopodes, reduction of cellular volume (pyknosis), chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation (karyorrhexis), classically little or no ultrastructural modifications of cytoplasmic organelles, plasma membrane blebbing (but maintenance of its integrity until the final stages of the process) and engulfment by resident phagocytes. Apoptosis is usually induced by external or internal signals that trigger the activity of proteolytic caspases, whose actions dismantle the cell and result in cell death.
2009-01-31 GO:0051318 G1 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis) and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0051319 G2 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis).
2009-01-31 GO:0051320 S phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through S phase, the part of the cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0051322 anaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase, the third stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, sister chromatids (or homologous chromosomes) separate and migrate towards the poles of the spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0051323 metaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through metaphase, the second stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes become aligned on the equatorial plate of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0051324 prophase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase, the first stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes condense and the two daughter centrioles and their asters migrate toward the poles of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0000088 mitotic prophase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase, the initial stage of mitosis in which the chromosomes are condensed but are not yet attached to a mitotic spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0000090 mitotic anaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase, the stage of mitosis during which the two sets of chromosomes separate and move away from each other.
2009-01-31 GO:0000091 mitotic anaphase A Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase A, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the kinetochore microtubules shorten as chromosomes move toward the spindle poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000092 mitotic anaphase B Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase B, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the polar microtubules elongate and the two poles of the spindle move farther apart.
2009-01-31 GO:0000093 mitotic telophase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through telophase, the last of the stages of mitosis; in the canonical cell cycle, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2009-01-31 GO:0000236 mitotic prometaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prometaphase, the stage following prophase in mitosis (in higher eukaryotes) during which the nuclear envelope is disrupted and breaks into membrane vesicles, and the spindle microtubules enter the nuclear region. Kinetochores mature on each centromere and attach to some of the spindle microtubules. Kinetochore microtubules begin the process of aligning chromosomes in one plane halfway between the poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000237 leptotene Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the first stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which chromosomes first become visible.
2009-01-31 GO:0000238 zygotene Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the second stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which each chromosome pairs with its homolog; the two become aligned and crossing over may occur.
2009-01-31 GO:0000239 pachytene Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the third stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which crossing over occurs between a chromatid in one partner and another chromatid in the homologous chromosome.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2009-01-31 GO:0010863 positive regulation of phospholipase C activity Added TERM positive regulation of phospholipase C activity
2009-01-31 GO:0010864 positive regulation of protein histidine kinase activity Added TERM positive regulation of protein histidine kinase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0010865 stipule development Added TERM stipule development
2009-01-31 GO:0010866 regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added TERM regulation of triacylglycerol biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010867 positive regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added TERM positive regulation of triacylglycerol biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010868 negative regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added TERM negative regulation of triacylglycerol biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010869 regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added TERM regulation of receptor biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010870 positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added TERM positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010619 adenylate cyclase-activating glucose-activated G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by glucose-triggered G-protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0010579 positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity by G-protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0010580 activation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein signaling Deleted TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0007213 G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM muscarinic acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007217 tachykinin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM tachykinin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0008635 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process by cytochrome c Updated TERM activation of caspase activity by cytochrome c
2009-01-31 GO:0008636 activation of caspase activity by protein phosphorylation Updated TERM activation of caspase activity by protein amino acid phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0007189 adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by G-protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007191 adenylate cyclase-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007192 adenylate cyclase-activating serotonin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of adenylate cyclase activity by serotonin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007193 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by G-protein signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0007195 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007196 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled glutamate receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007197 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by muscarinic acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007198 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting serotonin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by serotonin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007200 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway coupled to IP3 second messenger
2009-01-31 GO:0007205 protein kinase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of protein kinase C activity by G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007206 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled glutamate receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007207 phospholipase C-activating G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by muscarinic acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007208 phospholipase C-activating serotonin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by serotonin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0007209 phospholipase C-activating tachykinin receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by tachykinin receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0006919 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process Updated TERM activation of caspase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0031151 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K79 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K79 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0019409 aerobic respiration, using ammonia as electron donor Updated TERM aerobic respiration, using ammonia as electron donor
2009-01-31 GO:0019479 L-alanine oxidation to D-lactate and ammonia Updated TERM L-alanine oxidation to D-lactate and ammonia
2009-01-31 GO:0019494 proline oxidation Deleted TERM proline oxidation
2009-01-31 GO:0019915 lipid storage Updated TERM lipid storage
2009-01-31 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Updated TERM ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis
2009-01-31 GO:0016244 non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0017005 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Updated TERM 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0012503 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0012504 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death by other organism Deleted TERM induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death by other organism
2009-01-31 GO:0010871 negative regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added TERM negative regulation of receptor biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0010872 regulation of cholesterol esterification Added TERM regulation of cholesterol esterification
2009-01-31 GO:0010873 positive regulation of cholesterol esterification Added TERM positive regulation of cholesterol esterification
2009-01-31 GO:0010874 regulation of cholesterol efflux Added TERM regulation of cholesterol efflux
2009-01-31 GO:0010875 positive regulation of cholesterol efflux Added TERM positive regulation of cholesterol efflux
2009-01-31 GO:0010876 lipid localization Added TERM lipid localization
2009-01-31 GO:0010877 lipid transport involved in lipid storage Added TERM lipid transport involved in lipid storage
2009-01-31 GO:0010878 cholesterol storage Added TERM cholesterol storage
2009-01-31 GO:0010879 cholesterol transport involved in cholesterol storage Added TERM cholesterol transport involved in cholesterol storage
2009-01-31 GO:0042799 histone methyltransferase activity (H4-K20 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H4-K20 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0042800 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043006 activation of phospholipase A2 activity by calcium-mediated signaling Updated TERM activation of phospholipase A2 activity by calcium-mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0043070 regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0043071 positive regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM positive regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0043072 negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0035175 histone kinase activity (H3-S10 specific) Updated TERM histone kinase activity (H3-S10 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0033239 negative regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Updated TERM negative regulation of cellular amine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033240 positive regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Updated TERM positive regulation of cellular amine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033241 regulation of cellular amine catabolic process Updated TERM regulation of cellular amine catabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033242 negative regulation of cellular amine catabolic process Updated TERM negative regulation of cellular amine catabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0033243 positive regulation of cellular amine catabolic process Updated TERM positive regulation of cellular amine catabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0032931 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K56 specific) Updated TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K56 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0033238 regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Updated TERM regulation of cellular amine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0032431 activation of phospholipase A2 activity Updated TERM activation of phospholipase A2 activity
2009-01-31 GO:0031635 adenylate cyclase-inhibiting opioid receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity by opioid receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0031657 regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G1/S
2009-01-31 GO:0031658 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G1/S
2009-01-31 GO:0031659 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G1/S
2009-01-31 GO:0031660 regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G2/M
2009-01-31 GO:0031661 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G2/M
2009-01-31 GO:0031662 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity during G2/M
2009-01-31 GO:0043977 histone H2A-K5 acetylation Added TERM histone H2A-K5 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043978 histone H2A-K9 acetylation Added TERM histone H2A-K9 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043979 histone H2B-K5 acetylation Added TERM histone H2B-K5 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043980 histone H2B-K12 acetylation Added TERM histone H2B-K12 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043981 histone H4-K5 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K5 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043982 histone H4-K8 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K8 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043983 histone H4-K12 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K12 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043984 histone H4-K16 acetylation Added TERM histone H4-K16 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043985 histone H4-R3 methylation Added TERM histone H4-R3 methylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043986 histone H3-S3 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H3-S3 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043987 histone H3-S10 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H3-S10 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043988 histone H3-S28 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H3-S28 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043989 histone H4-S1 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H4-S1 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043990 histone H2A-S1 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H2A-S1 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043991 histone H2B-S14 phosphorylation Added TERM histone H2B-S14 phosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043992 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043993 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K18 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K18 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043994 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K23 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K23 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043995 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K5 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K5 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043996 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K8 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K8 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043997 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K12 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K12 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0043998 H2A histone acetyltransferase activity Added TERM H2A histone acetyltransferase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0043999 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K5 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K5 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044012 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K9 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K9 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044013 H2B histone acetyltransferase activity Added TERM H2B histone acetyltransferase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0044014 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K5 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K5 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044015 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K12 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K12 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044016 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044017 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044018 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044019 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K72 specific) Added TERM histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K72 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044020 histone methyltransferase activity (H4-R3 specific) Added TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H4-R3 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044021 histone kinase activity (H3-S3 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H3-S3 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044022 histone kinase activity (H3-S28 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H3-S28 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044023 histone kinase activity (H4-S1 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H4-S1 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044024 histone kinase activity (H2A-S1 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H2A-S1 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044025 histone kinase activity (H2B-S14 specific) Added TERM histone kinase activity (H2B-S14 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0044026 DNA hypermethylation Added TERM DNA hypermethylation
2009-01-31 GO:0044027 hypermethylation of CpG island Added TERM hypermethylation of CpG island
2009-01-31 GO:0044028 DNA hypomethylation Added TERM DNA hypomethylation
2009-01-31 GO:0044029 hypomethylation of CpG island Added TERM hypomethylation of CpG island
2009-01-31 GO:0044030 regulation of DNA methylation Added TERM regulation of DNA methylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043947 positive regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity Updated TERM positive regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0043948 positive regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity Updated TERM positive regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0043966 histone H3 acetylation Added TERM histone H3 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043967 histone H4 acetylation Added TERM histone H4 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043968 histone H2A acetylation Added TERM histone H2A acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043969 histone H2B acetylation Added TERM histone H2B acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043970 histone H3-K9 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K9 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043971 histone H3-K18 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K18 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043972 histone H3-K23 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K23 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043973 histone H3-K4 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K4 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043974 histone H3-K27 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K27 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043975 histone H3-K36 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K36 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043976 histone H3-K79 acetylation Added TERM histone H3-K79 acetylation
2009-01-31 GO:0043166 H4/H2 histone acetyltransferase activity Updated TERM H4/H2 histone acetyltransferase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0060405 regulation of penile erection Added TERM regulation of penile erection
2009-01-31 GO:0060406 positive regulation of penile erection Added TERM positive regulation of penile erection
2009-01-31 GO:0060407 negative regulation of penile erection Added TERM negative regulation of penile erection
2009-01-31 GO:0060408 regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process Added TERM regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0060409 positive regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process Added TERM positive regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0060410 negative regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process Added TERM negative regulation of acetylcholine metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0055123 digestive system development Added TERM digestive system development
2009-01-31 GO:0055124 premature neural plate formation Added TERM premature neural plate formation
2009-01-31 GO:0060158 phospholipase C-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM activation of phospholipase C activity by dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0060162 negative regulation of phospholipase C-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway Updated TERM negative regulation of phospholipase C-activating dopamine receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-31 GO:0052198 modulation of peptidase activity in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated TERM modulation of protease activity in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052203 modulation of catalytic activity in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated TERM modulation of catalytic activity in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052205 modulation of molecular function in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated TERM modulation of molecular function in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052397 induction by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted TERM induction by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052403 negative regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity Updated TERM negative regulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052422 modulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity Updated TERM modulation by host of symbiont catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052427 modulation by host of symbiont peptidase activity Updated TERM modulation by host of symbiont protease activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052459 modulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted TERM modulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052518 positive regulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted TERM positive regulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction
2009-01-31 GO:0052053 negative regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity Updated TERM negative regulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052148 modulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity Updated TERM modulation by symbiont of host catalytic activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052149 modulation by symbiont of host peptidase activity Updated TERM modulation by symbiont of host protease activity
2009-01-31 GO:0052152 modulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM modulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0052153 positive regulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted TERM positive regulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0046863 ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase activator activity Updated TERM ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase activator activity
2009-01-31 GO:0046974 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0046975 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0046976 histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific) Updated TERM histone methyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific)
2009-01-31 GO:0080032 methyl jasmonate esterase activity Added TERM methyl jasmonate esterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0080033 response to nitrite Added TERM response to nitrite
2009-01-31 GO:0080034 host response to induction by symbiont of tumor, nodule or growth in host Added TERM host response to induction by symbiont of tumor, nodule or growth in host
2009-01-31 GO:0080035 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate biosynthetic process Added TERM 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate biosynthetic process
2009-01-31 GO:0080036 regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added TERM regulation of cytokinin mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0080037 negative regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added TERM negative regulation of cytokinin mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0080038 positive regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added TERM postive regulation of cytokinin mediated signaling
2009-01-31 GO:0070252 actin-mediated cell contraction Added TERM actin-mediated cell contraction
2009-01-31 GO:0070253 somatostatin secretion Added TERM somatostatin secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070254 mucus secretion Added TERM mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070255 regulation of mucus secretion Added TERM regulation of mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070256 negative regulation of mucus secretion Added TERM negative regulation of mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070257 positive regulation of mucus secretion Added TERM positive regulation of mucus secretion
2009-01-31 GO:0070258 inner membrane complex Added TERM inner membrane complex
2009-01-31 GO:0070259 tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Added TERM tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0070260 5'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Added TERM 5'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0070261 hemolymph circulation Added TERM hemolymph circulation
2009-01-31 GO:0070262 peptidyl-serine dephosphorylation Added TERM peptidyl-serine dephosphorylation
2009-01-31 GO:0070263 external side of fungal-type cell wall Added TERM external side of fungal-type cell wall
2009-01-31 GO:0070264 transcription factor TFIIIE complex Added TERM transcription factor TFIIIE complex
2009-01-31 GO:0070265 necrotic cell death Added TERM necrotic cell death
2009-01-31 GO:0070266 necroptotic process Added TERM necroptosis
2009-01-31 GO:0070267 oncosis Added TERM oncosis
2009-01-31 GO:0070268 cornification Added TERM cornification
2009-01-31 GO:0070269 pyroptosis Added TERM pyroptosis
2009-01-31 GO:0070270 mitotic catastrophe Added TERM mitotic catastrophe
2009-01-31 GO:0070271 protein complex biogenesis Added TERM protein complex biogenesis
2009-01-31 GO:0070272 proton-transporting ATP synthase complex biogenesis Added TERM proton-transporting ATP synthase complex biogenesis
2009-01-31 GO:0070273 phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate binding Added TERM phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate binding
2009-01-31 GO:0070274 RES complex Added TERM RES complex
2009-01-31 GO:0070275 aerobic ammonia oxidation to nitrite via pyruvic oxime Added TERM aerobic ammonia oxidation to nitrite via pyruvic oxime
2009-01-31 GO:0070276 halogen metabolic process Added TERM halogen metabolic process
2009-01-31 GO:0070277 iodide oxidation Added TERM iodide oxidation
2009-01-31 GO:0080029 cellular response to boron-containing substance levels Added TERM cellular response to boron levels
2009-01-31 GO:0080030 methyl indole-3-acetate esterase activity Added TERM methyl indole-3-acetate esterase activity
2009-01-31 GO:0080031 methyl salicylate esterase activity Added TERM methyl salicylate esterase activity

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2009-01-31 GO:0016244 non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0043070 regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0043071 positive regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0043072 negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0012503 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION A process which directly activates any of the steps required for non-apoptotic programmed cell death.
2009-01-31 GO:0012504 induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death by other organism Deleted DEFINITION A process which directly activates any of the steps required for non-apoptotic programmed cell death in another organism.
2009-01-31 GO:0052397 induction by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates programmed cell death by a non-apoptotic pathway in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052518 positive regulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death by a non-apoptotic pathway in the second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052459 modulation by organism of non-apoptotic programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death by a non-apoptotic pathway in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052152 modulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death in the host, where programmed cell death proceeds by a non-apoptotic pathway. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0052153 positive regulation by symbiont of host non-apoptotic programmed cell death Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death in the host, where programmed cell death proceeds by a non-apoptotic pathway. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0010580 activation of adenylate cyclase activity involved in G-protein signaling Deleted DEFINITION Any process that initiates the activity of an inactive adenylate cyclase that is an integral part of the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a G-protein coupled receptor binding to its physiological ligand, resulting in a subsequent change in the concentration of cyclic AMP.
2009-01-31 GO:0014826 vein smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the vein. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The vein is a vessel carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
2009-01-31 GO:0051326 telophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase, the last stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2009-01-31 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014721 twitch skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The twitch skeletal muscle responds to neurostimulations with a contraction followed by a relaxation.
2009-01-31 GO:0003010 voluntary skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within voluntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the voluntary skeletal muscle, the muscle contraction takes advantage of an ordered sarcomeric structure and it is under voluntary control. Voluntary skeletal muscle is skeletal muscle that is under conscious control.
2009-01-31 GO:0014820 tonic smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the tonic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Tonic smooth muscle contraction occurs as a sustained continuous contraction.
2009-01-31 GO:0017005 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of covalent intermediates (in DNA backbone breakage) between DNA topoisomerase I and DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0005667 transcription factor complex Deleted DEFINITION Any complex, distinct from RNA polymerase, including one or more polypeptides capable of binding DNA at promoters or at cis-acting regulatory sequences, and regulating transcription.
2009-01-31 GO:0000238 zygotene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the second stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which each chromosome pairs with its homolog; the two become aligned and crossing over may occur.
2009-01-31 GO:0014849 ureter smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the ureter. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The ureter is one of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
2009-01-31 GO:0080029 cellular response to boron-containing substance levels Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus reflecting the presence, absence, or concentration of boron.
2009-01-31 GO:0080030 methyl indole-3-acetate esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction methyl indole-3-acetate (MeIAA) + H2O = indole-3-acetate (IAA)+ methanol.
2009-01-31 GO:0080031 methyl salicylate esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction methyl salicylate (MeSA) + H2O = salicylic acid (SA)+ methanol.
2009-01-31 GO:0080032 methyl jasmonate esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction methyl jasmonate (MeJA) + H2O = jasmonate (JA)+ methanol.
2009-01-31 GO:0080033 response to nitrite Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nitrate stimulus.
2009-01-31 GO:0080034 host response to induction by symbiont of tumor, nodule or growth in host Added DEFINITION A change in the state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of the formation of an abnormal mass of cells in the host organism, induced by a symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-31 GO:0080035 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of progoitrin, a 2-hydroxy-but-3-enyl glucosinolate. Glucosinolates are substituted thioglucosides found in rapeseed products and related cruciferae, and progoitin has been implicated in causing goiters in mammals and bitter taste in cruciferous vegetables.
2009-01-31 GO:0080036 regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by cytokinin.
2009-01-31 GO:0080037 negative regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by cytokinin.
2009-01-31 GO:0080038 positive regulation of cytokinin-activated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of signal transduction mediated by cytokinin.
2009-01-31 GO:0007127 meiosis I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the first phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and homologous chromosomes are paired and segregated from each other, producing two daughter cells.
2009-01-31 GO:0007128 meiotic prophase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase of meiosis I; divided into several stages.
2009-01-31 GO:0007132 meiotic metaphase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through metaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007133 meiotic anaphase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007134 meiotic telophase I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through telophase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007135 meiosis II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the second phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and separate the two chromatids in each chromosome.
2009-01-31 GO:0007136 meiotic prophase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic prophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007137 meiotic metaphase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through metaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007138 meiotic anaphase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007139 meiotic telophase II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through telophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007140 male meiosis Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007141 male meiosis I Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through male meiosis I, the first meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007142 male meiosis II Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through male meiosis II, the second meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007143 female meiotic division Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the female germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007189 adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that initiates the activity of an inactive adenylate cyclase that is an integral part of the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a G-protein coupled receptor binding to its physiological ligand, resulting in a subsequent change in the concentration of cyclic AMP.
2009-01-31 GO:0007272 ensheathment of neurons Added DEFINITION The process whereby glial cells envelop neuronal cell bodies and/or axons to form an insulating layer. This can take the form of myelinating or non-myelinating ensheathment.
2009-01-31 GO:0007520 myoblast fusion Added DEFINITION A process whereby non-proliferating myoblasts fuse to existing fibers or to myotubes to form new fibers. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2009-01-31 GO:0009444 pyruvate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of pyruvate to acetylphosphate.
2009-01-31 GO:0010243 response to organonitrogen compound Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic nitrogen stimulus. An organic nitrogen compound is formally a compound containing at least one carbon-nitrogen bond.
2009-01-31 GO:0010863 positive regulation of phospholipase C activity Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate of phospholipase C activity.
2009-01-31 GO:0010864 positive regulation of protein histidine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein histidine kinase activity.
2009-01-31 GO:0010865 stipule development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the stipule over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A stipule is one of (usually) a pair of appendages at the bases of leaves in many broad-leaved angiosperms.
2009-01-31 GO:0010866 regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Triacylglycerol biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2009-01-31 GO:0010867 positive regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Triacylglycerol biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2009-01-31 GO:0010868 negative regulation of triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Triacylglycerol biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2009-01-31 GO:0010869 regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency or rate of receptor biosynthesis. Receptor biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-31 GO:0010870 positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency or rate of receptor biosynthesis. Receptor biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-31 GO:0010871 negative regulation of receptor biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency or rate of receptor biosynthesis. Receptor biosynthesis is the collection of chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a receptor molecule, a macromolecule that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-31 GO:0051325 interphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of chromosome segregation. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs.
2009-01-31 GO:0051328 meiotic interphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of meiosis. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs.
2009-01-31 GO:0051329 mitotic interphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of mitosis. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs.
2009-01-31 GO:0010872 regulation of cholesterol esterification Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol esterification. Cholesterol esterification is the lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and cholesterol. In the blood this process is associated with the conversion of free cholesterol into cholesteryl ester, which is then sequestered into the core of a lipoprotein particle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010873 positive regulation of cholesterol esterification Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol esterification. Cholesterol esterification is the lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and cholesterol. In the blood this process is associated with the conversion of free cholesterol into cholesteryl ester, which is then sequestered into the core of a lipoprotein particle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010874 regulation of cholesterol efflux Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol efflux. Cholesterol efflux is the directed movement of cholesterol, cholest-5-en-3-beta-ol, out of a cell or organelle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010875 positive regulation of cholesterol efflux Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of cholesterol efflux. Cholesterol efflux is the directed movement of cholesterol, cholest-5-en-3-beta-ol, out of a cell or organelle.
2009-01-31 GO:0010876 lipid localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a lipid is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2009-01-31 GO:0010877 lipid transport involved in lipid storage Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lipids into cells that is part of their accumulation and maintenance.
2009-01-31 GO:0010878 cholesterol storage Added DEFINITION The accumulation and maintenance in cells or tissues of cholesterol, cholest-5-en-3 beta-ol, the principal sterol of vertebrates and the precursor of many steroids, including bile acids and steroid hormones.
2009-01-31 GO:0010879 cholesterol transport involved in cholesterol storage Added DEFINITION The directed movement of cholesterol into cells that is part of their accumulation and maintenance.
2009-01-31 GO:0014001 sclerenchyma cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sclerenchyma cell. Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialised for structural strength. Includes fiber cells, that are greatly elongated; and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist. Cells may or may not be devoid of protoplast at maturity. Cell form and size are variable.
2009-01-31 GO:0014703 oscillatory muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within oscillatory skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Oscillatory muscle contraction occurs in insect wing muscles and is characterised by asynchrony between action potential and contraction and by stretch activation.
2009-01-31 GO:0014716 skeletal muscle satellite stem cell asymmetric division involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION Satellite cell asymmetric division that occurs during a process in which damaged muscle tissue is being rebuilt. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014719 skeletal muscle satellite cell activation Added DEFINITION A change in the morphology or behavior of a satellite cell resulting from exposure to an activating factor such as a cellular or soluble ligand. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014720 tonic skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The tonic skeletal muscle is characterized by long lasting contractile responses and high resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0014721 twitch skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The twitch skeletal muscle responds to neurostimulations with a contraction followed by a relaxation.
2009-01-31 GO:0014730 skeletal muscle regeneration at neuromuscular junction Added DEFINITION The regrowth of muscle tissue to repair injured or damaged muscle fibers in the postnatal stage at the neuromuscular junction. Regeneration of neuromuscular junctions occurs in an orderly way and relies on communication between nerve and muscle. Skeletal myofibers regenerate after injury and form neuro-muscular junctions with motor axons similar to normal ones. Regenerating myofibers develop within the basal lamina sheaths (satellite cells) of original myofibers.
2009-01-31 GO:0014814 axon regeneration at neuromuscular junction Added DEFINITION The regrowth of axons following their loss or damage at the neuromuscular junction. Motor axons regenerate after injury and they form neuro-muscular junctions with skeletal myofibers similar to normal ones.
2009-01-31 GO:0014815 initiation of skeletal muscle satellite cell activation by growth factor signalling, involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION Signalling between growth factors and their receptors that results in the activation of satellite cell, where this process is involved in skeletal muscle regeneration. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0007067 mitotic nuclear division Deleted DEFINITION Progression through mitosis, the division of the eukaryotic cell nucleus to produce two daughter nuclei that, usually, contain the identical chromosome complement to their mother.
2009-01-31 GO:0000090 mitotic anaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase, the stage of mitosis during which the two sets of chromosomes separate and move away from each other.
2009-01-31 GO:0000091 mitotic anaphase A Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase A, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the kinetochore microtubules shorten as chromosomes move toward the spindle poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000092 mitotic anaphase B Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase B, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the polar microtubules elongate and the two poles of the spindle move farther apart.
2009-01-31 GO:0000236 mitotic prometaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prometaphase, the stage following prophase in mitosis (in higher eukaryotes) during which the nuclear envelope is disrupted and breaks into membrane vesicles, and the spindle microtubules enter the nuclear region. Kinetochores mature on each centromere and attach to some of the spindle microtubules. Kinetochore microtubules begin the process of aligning chromosomes in one plane halfway between the poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000088 mitotic prophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase, the initial stage of mitosis in which the chromosomes are condensed but are not yet attached to a mitotic spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0007132 meiotic metaphase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through metaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007137 meiotic metaphase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through metaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic metaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0014832 urinary bladder smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary bladder. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary bladder is a musculomembranous sac along the urinary tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0014848 urinary tract smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary tract. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary tract consists of organs of the body that produce and discharge urine. These include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
2009-01-31 GO:0003885 D-arabinono-1,4-lactone oxidase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-arabinono-1,4-lactone + O2 = D-erythro-ascorbate + H2O2.
2009-01-31 GO:0000279 M phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through M phase, the part of the cell cycle comprising nuclear division.
2009-01-31 GO:0051327 meiotic M phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through M phase, the part of the meiotic cell cycle during which meiosis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0000087 mitotic M phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through M phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which mitosis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0051323 metaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through metaphase, the second stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes become aligned on the equatorial plate of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0007141 male meiosis I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through male meiosis I, the first meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007142 male meiosis II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through male meiosis II, the second meiotic division in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0000237 leptotene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the first stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which chromosomes first become visible.
2009-01-31 GO:0007127 meiosis I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the first phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and homologous chromosomes are paired and segregated from each other, producing two daughter cells.
2009-01-31 GO:0007135 meiosis II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the second phase of meiosis, in which cells divide and separate the two chromatids in each chromosome.
2009-01-31 GO:0007133 meiotic anaphase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007138 meiotic anaphase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic anaphase.
2009-01-31 GO:0014820 tonic smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the tonic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Tonic smooth muscle contraction occurs as a sustained continuous contraction.
2009-01-31 GO:0007128 meiotic prophase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase of meiosis I; divided into several stages.
2009-01-31 GO:0007136 meiotic prophase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic prophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007134 meiotic telophase I Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase of meiosis I; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0007139 meiotic telophase II Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase of meiosis II; analogous to mitotic telophase.
2009-01-31 GO:0000093 mitotic telophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through telophase, the last of the stages of mitosis; in the canonical cell cycle, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2009-01-31 GO:0045543 gibberellin 2-beta-dioxygenase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gibberellin 1 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = 2-beta-hydroxygibberellin 1 + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0016707 gibberellin 3-beta-dioxygenase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gibberellin 20 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = gibberellin 1 + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0014821 phasic smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within phasic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the phasic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Phasic smooth muscle contraction occurs in a series of discrete contractions and relaxations.
2009-01-31 GO:0014824 artery smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the artery. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The artery is a vessel carrying blood away from the heart.
2009-01-31 GO:0014825 stomach fundus smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the fundus of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fundus is the portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch.
2009-01-31 GO:0014826 vein smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the vein. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The vein is a vessel carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
2009-01-31 GO:0014827 intestine smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the intestine. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The intestine is the section of the alimentary canal from the stomach to the anal canal. It includes the large intestine and small intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0014828 distal stomach smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the distal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The distal stomach is composed of the lower body and antrum and develops strong peristaltic phasic contractions that increase in amplitude as they propagate toward the pylorus.
2009-01-31 GO:0014830 arteriole smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the arteriole. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The arteriole is the smallest division of the artery located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
2009-01-31 GO:0014831 gastro-intestinal system smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the gastro-intestinal system. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The gastro-intestinal system generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the mouth to anus, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (liver, pancreas and biliary tract).
2009-01-31 GO:0014832 urinary bladder smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary bladder. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary bladder is a musculomembranous sac along the urinary tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0014834 skeletal muscle satellite cell maintenance involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process essential to maintain a ready source of satellite cells. It consists of the return of activated satellite cells to a quiescent state after proliferation to replenish the satellite cell pool. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014841 skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of satellite cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014845 stomach body smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the body of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The body of stomach is the part of the stomach that lies between the fundus above and the pyloric antrum below; its boundaries are poorly defined.
2009-01-31 GO:0014846 esophagus smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the esophagus. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The esophagus is the muscular membranous segment between the pharynx and the stomach in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0014821 phasic smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within phasic smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the phasic smooth muscle, the muscle contraction occurs without an ordered sarcomeric structure. Phasic smooth muscle contraction occurs in a series of discrete contractions and relaxations.
2009-01-31 GO:0000239 pachytene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the third stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which crossing over occurs between a chromatid in one partner and another chromatid in the homologous chromosome.
2009-01-31 GO:0014860 neurotransmitter secretion involved in regulation of skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION The regulated release of neurotransmitter into the synaptic cleft involved in skeletal muscle contraction. A neurotransmitter is any of a group of substances that are released on excitation from the axon terminal of a presynaptic neuron of the central or peripheral nervous system and travel across the synaptic cleft to either excite or inhibit the target cell. Among the many substances that have the properties of a neurotransmitter are acetylcholine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, glycine, y aminobutyrate, glutamic acid, substance P, enkephalins, endorphins and serotonin.
2009-01-31 GO:0014703 oscillatory muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within oscillatory skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The oscillatory muscle contraction occurs in insect wing muscles and it is charactirised by asynchrony between action potential and contraction and by stretch activation.
2009-01-31 GO:0014889 muscle atrophy Deleted DEFINITION A process, occurring in the muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fibre diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0006936 muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis.
2009-01-31 GO:0048747 muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048744 negative regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014846 esophagus smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the esophagus. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The esophagus is the muscular membranous segment between the pharynx and the stomach in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
2009-01-31 GO:0000241 diakinesis Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the final stage of prophase I in meiosis; the transition to meiotic metaphase I.
2009-01-31 GO:0014827 intestine smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the intestine. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The intestine is the section of the alimentary canal from the stomach to the anal canal. It includes the large intestine and small intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0003011 involuntary skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within involuntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Involuntary skeletal muscle is skeletal muscle that is not under conscious control.
2009-01-31 GO:0043133 hindgut contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the hindgut. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The hindgut is the posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and the large intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0014815 initiation of skeletal muscle satellite cell activation by growth factor signalling, involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION Signalling between growth factors and their receptors that results in the activation of satellite cell, where this process is involved in skeletal muscle regeneration. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0016573 histone acetylation Deleted DEFINITION The modification of histones by addition of acetyl groups.
2009-01-31 GO:0014831 gastro-intestinal system smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the gastro-intestinal system. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The gastro-intestinal system generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the mouth to anus, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (liver, pancreas and biliary tract).
2009-01-31 GO:0020039 pellicle Deleted DEFINITION The cell membrane with its associated infrastructure of microtubules, microfilaments and other organelles.
2009-01-31 GO:0002086 diaphragm contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within involuntary skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the diaphragm. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The diaphragm is a striated muscle that is necessary for the process of respiratory gaseous exchange.
2009-01-31 GO:0007189 adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway Deleted DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of a G-protein coupled receptor binding to its physiological ligand, followed by activation of adenylyl cyclase and a subsequent increase in the concentration of cyclic AMP.
2009-01-31 GO:0051318 G1 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis) and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0051330 meiotic G1 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the meiotic cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of meiosis and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000080 mitotic G1 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of mitosis and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0014847 proximal stomach smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the proximal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The proximal stomach, composed of the fundus and upper body, shows low frequency, sustained tonic contractions that are responsible for generating a basal pressure within the stomach.
2009-01-31 GO:0014848 urinary tract smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary tract. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary tract consists of organs of the body that produce and discharge urine. These include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
2009-01-31 GO:0014849 ureter smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the ureter. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The ureter is one of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
2009-01-31 GO:0014860 neurotransmitter secretion involved in regulation of skeletal muscle contraction Added DEFINITION The regulated release of neurotransmitter into the synaptic cleft involved in skeletal muscle contraction. A neurotransmitter is any of a group of substances that are released on excitation from the axon terminal of a presynaptic neuron of the central or peripheral nervous system and travel across the synaptic cleft to either excite or inhibit the target cell. Among the many substances that have the properties of a neurotransmitter are acetylcholine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, glycine, gamma aminobutyrate, glutamic acid, substance P, enkephalins, endorphins and serotonin.
2009-01-31 GO:0014889 muscle atrophy Added DEFINITION A process, occurring in the muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fiber diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0014890 smooth muscle atrophy Added DEFINITION A process, occurring in smooth muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fiber diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0014901 satellite cell activation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Added DEFINITION The process that initiates satellite cell division by causing it to move from quiescence to the G1 stage of the cell cycle. The cell swells and there are a number of other small changes. The cells then start to divide. Following cell division the cells will differentiate. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fiber, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0015944 formate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways by which formate is converted to CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0015946 methanol oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of methanol to methyl-Coenzyme M.
2009-01-31 GO:0016573 histone acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of a histone by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0016707 gibberellin 3-beta-dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a gibberellin + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = a 3-beta-hydroxy-gibberellin + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0017005 3'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of 3'-phosphotyrosyl moieties formed as covalent intermediates (in DNA backbone breakage) between DNA topoisomerase I and DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0017163 basal transcription repressor activity Added DEFINITION Any transcription regulator activity that prevents or downregulates basal transcription. Basal transcription results from transcription that is controlled by the minimal complement of proteins necessary to reconstitute transcription from a minimal promoter.
2009-01-31 GO:0019327 lead sulfide oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of lead sulfide to lead sulfate.
2009-01-31 GO:0019329 ammonia oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways rby which ammonia or ammonium is converted to molecular nitrogen or another nitrogen compound, with accompanying loss of electrons.
2009-01-31 GO:0019331 anaerobic respiration, using ammonium as electron donor Added DEFINITION The oxidation of ammonium (NH4) to nitrogen (N2) in the absence of oxygen, using nitrite (NO2) as the electron acceptor. It is suggested that hydroxylamine and ammonium are combined to yield hydrazine, which is subsequently oxidized to N2.
2009-01-31 GO:0019399 cyclohexanol oxidation Added DEFINITION The cyclohexanol metabolic process by which cyclohexanol is converted to adipate.
2009-01-31 GO:0019409 aerobic respiration, using ammonia as electron donor Added DEFINITION The metabolic process by which ammonia (NH3) is oxidized to nitrite (NO2) in the presence of oxygen; enzymatic reactions convert ammonia to hydrazine, and hydrazine to nitrite.
2009-01-31 GO:0019416 polythionate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of thiosulfate to tetrathionate, using cytochrome c as as electron acceptor.
2009-01-31 GO:0019479 L-alanine oxidation to D-lactate and ammonia Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine to D-lactate and ammonia.
2009-01-31 GO:0019480 L-alanine oxidation to pyruvate via D-alanine Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine to pyruvate, with D-alanine as an intermediate.
2009-01-31 GO:0019498 n-octane oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of n-octane to octanoyl-CoA.
2009-01-31 GO:0019516 lactate oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the conversion of lactate to other compounds, such as pyruvate, with concomitant loss of electrons.
2009-01-31 GO:0019600 toluene oxidation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the loss of electrons from one or more atoms in toluene.
2009-01-31 GO:0020039 pellicle Added DEFINITION The structure enclosing an apicomplexan parasite cell; consists of the cell membrane with its associated infrastructure of microtubules, microfilaments and other organelles.
2009-01-31 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Added DEFINITION The cellular process by which a complex containing RNA and proteins is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together. Includes the synthesis of the constituent RNA and protein molecules.
2009-01-31 GO:0031975 envelope Deleted DEFINITION A multilayered structure surrounding all or part of a cell; encompasses one or more lipid bilayers, and may include a cell wall layer, also includes the space between layers.
2009-01-31 GO:0019331 anaerobic respiration, using ammonium as electron donor Deleted DEFINITION The oxidation of ammonium (NH4) to nitrogen (N2), using nitrite (NO2) as the electron acceptor. It is suggested that hydroxylamine and ammonium are combined to yield hydrazine, which is subsequently oxidized to N2.
2009-01-31 GO:0051322 anaphase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through anaphase, the third stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, sister chromatids (or homologous chromosomes) separate and migrate towards the poles of the spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0048102 autophagic cell death Deleted DEFINITION Destruction of a cell by its own lysosomal contents. This type of programmed cell death is seen when entire tissues, or parts thereof, are committed to destruction, and occurs by the formation of multiple acidic autophagic vacuoles within the doomed cells.
2009-01-31 GO:0014814 axon regeneration at neuromuscular junction Deleted DEFINITION The regrowth of axons following their loss or damage at the neuromuscular junction. Motor axons regenerate after injury and they form neuro-muscular junctions with skeletal myofibres similar to normal ones.
2009-01-31 GO:0006915 apoptotic process Deleted DEFINITION A form of programmed cell death induced by external or internal signals that trigger the activity of proteolytic caspases, whose actions dismantle the cell and result in cell death. Apoptosis begins internally with condensation and subsequent fragmentation of the cell nucleus (blebbing) while the plasma membrane remains intact. Other characteristics of apoptosis include DNA fragmentation and the exposure of phosphatidyl serine on the cell surface.
2009-01-31 GO:0014830 arteriole smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the arteriole. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The arteriole is the smallest division of the artery located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
2009-01-31 GO:0014824 artery smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the artery. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The artery is a vessel carrying blood away from the heart.
2009-01-31 GO:0051541 elastin metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving elastin, a glycoprotein which is randomly coiled and cross linked to form elastic fibres that are found in connective tissue.
2009-01-31 GO:0051319 G2 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis).
2009-01-31 GO:0051331 meiotic G2 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the meiotic cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of meiosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000085 mitotic G2 phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of mitosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000240 diplotene Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the fourth stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which the homologous chromosomes begin to separate and the synaptonemal complex dissolves.
2009-01-31 GO:0014828 distal stomach smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the distal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The distal stomach is composed of the lower body and antrum and develops strong peristaltic phasic contractions that increase in amplitude as they propagate toward the pylorus.
2009-01-31 GO:0033061 DNA recombinase mediator complex Deleted DEFINITION A protein complex containing two or more Rad51 paralogs and promotes nucleoprotein filament formation during homologous recombination.
2009-01-31 GO:0007272 ensheathment of neurons Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby glial cells envelop neuronal cell bodies and/or axons to form and insulating layer. This can take the form of myelinating or non-myelinating ensheathment.
2009-01-31 GO:0043977 histone H2A-K5 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 5 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043978 histone H2A-K9 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 9 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043979 histone H2B-K5 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 5 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043980 histone H2B-K12 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 12 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043981 histone H4-K5 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 5 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043982 histone H4-K8 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 8 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043983 histone H4-K12 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 12 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043984 histone H4-K16 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 16 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043985 histone H4-R3 methylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by addition of a methyl group to arginine at position 3 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043986 histone H3-S3 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 3 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043987 histone H3-S10 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 10 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043988 histone H3-S28 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 28 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043989 histone H4-S1 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 1 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043990 histone H2A-S1 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 1 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0014847 proximal stomach smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the proximal stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The proximal stomach, composed of the fundus and upper body, shows low frequency, sustained tonic contractions that are responsible for generating a basal pressure within the stomach.
2009-01-31 GO:0033238 regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving amines.
2009-01-31 GO:0051324 prophase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through prophase, the first stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes condense and the two daughter centrioles and their asters migrate toward the poles of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0048743 positive regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0022613 ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The cellular process by which a complex containing RNA and proteins, is synthesized, aggregates, and bonds together.
2009-01-31 GO:0006941 striated muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within striated muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Striated muscle is a type of muscle in which the repeating units (sarcomeres) of the contractile myofibrils are arranged in registry throughout the cell, resulting in transverse or oblique striations observable at the level of the light microscope.
2009-01-31 GO:0003009 skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. In the skeletal muscle, the muscle contraction takes advantage of an ordered sarcomeric structure and in most cases it is under voluntary control.
2009-01-31 GO:0048741 skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the skeletal muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014730 skeletal muscle regeneration at neuromuscular junction Deleted DEFINITION The regrowth of muscle tissue to repair injured or damaged muscle fibers in the postnatal stage at the neuromuscular junction. Regeneration of neuromuscular junctions occurs in an orderly way and relies on communication between nerve and muscle. Skeletal myofibres regenerate after injury and they form neuro-muscular junctions with motor axons similar to normal ones. Regenerating myofibres develop within the basal lamina sheaths (satellite cells) of original myofibres.
2009-01-31 GO:0014845 stomach body smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the body of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The body of stomach is the part of the stomach that lies between the fundus above and the pyloric antrum below; its boundaries are poorly defined.
2009-01-31 GO:0014825 stomach fundus smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the fundus of stomach. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fundus is the portion of the stomach that lies above the cardiac notch.
2009-01-31 GO:0031443 fast-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within fast-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fast-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by fast time parameters, high force development and fatiguability.
2009-01-31 GO:0031444 slow-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within slow-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The slow-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by slow time parameters, low force development and resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0031975 envelope Added DEFINITION A multilayered structure surrounding all or part of a cell; encompasses one or more lipid bilayers, and may include a cell wall layer; also includes the space between layers.
2009-01-31 GO:0032798 Swi5-Sfr1 complex Added DEFINITION A conserved DNA recombinase mediator complex that contains two Swi5 monomers and one Sfr1 monomer in Schizosaccharomyces, or orthologs thereof (e.g. Sae3p and Mei5p in Saccharomyces).
2009-01-31 GO:0033061 DNA recombinase mediator complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that promotes nucleoprotein filament formation during homologous recombination; most known examples contain two or more RecA family proteins (often Rad51 paralogs).
2009-01-31 GO:0033238 regulation of cellular amine metabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways by which individual cells transform amines.
2009-01-31 GO:0043133 hindgut contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the hindgut. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The hindgut is the posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and the large intestine.
2009-01-31 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0043966 histone H3 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043967 histone H4 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H4 by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043968 histone H2A acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2A by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043969 histone H2B acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an acetyl group.
2009-01-31 GO:0043970 histone H3-K9 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 9 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043971 histone H3-K18 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 18 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043972 histone H3-K23 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 23 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043973 histone H3-K4 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 4 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043974 histone H3-K27 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 27 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043975 histone H3-K36 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 36 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043976 histone H3-K79 acetylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H3 by the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine residue at position 79 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0014890 smooth muscle atrophy Deleted DEFINITION A process, occurring in smooth muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fibre diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse.
2009-01-31 GO:0006939 smooth muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. Smooth muscle differs from striated muscle in the much higher actin/myosin ratio, the absence of conspicuous sarcomeres and the ability to contract to a much smaller fraction of its resting length.
2009-01-31 GO:0051320 S phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through S phase, the part of the cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0051332 meiotic S phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through S phase, the part of the meiotic cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0000084 mitotic S phase Deleted DEFINITION Progression through S phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0048742 regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0010243 response to organonitrogen compound Deleted DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic nitrogen stimulus. Organic nitrogen is contained as amines in organic compounds such as amino acids and proteins.
2009-01-31 GO:0014719 skeletal muscle satellite cell activation Deleted DEFINITION A change in the morphology or behavior of a satellite cell resulting from exposure to an activating factor such as a cellular or soluble ligand. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0044013 H2B histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine of the histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044014 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K5 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 5 of the histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044015 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2B-K12 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 12 of the histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044016 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K4 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 4 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044017 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K27 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 27 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044018 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K36 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 36 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044019 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K72 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 72 of the histone H3 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0044020 histone methyltransferase activity (H4-R3 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of a methyl group to arginine at position 3 of the histone H4.
2009-01-31 GO:0044021 histone kinase activity (H3-S3 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-3 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044022 histone kinase activity (H3-S28 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-28 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0044023 histone kinase activity (H4-S1 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-1 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H4.
2009-01-31 GO:0044024 histone kinase activity (H2A-S1 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-1 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0044025 histone kinase activity (H2B-S14 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group to the serine-14 residue of the N-terminal tail of histone H2B.
2009-01-31 GO:0044026 DNA hypermethylation Added DEFINITION An increase in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0044027 hypermethylation of CpG island Added DEFINITION An increase in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in a CpG island in DNA. CpG islands are genomic regions that contain a high frequency of the CG dinucleotide and are often associated with the transcription start site of genes.
2009-01-31 GO:0044028 DNA hypomethylation Added DEFINITION An decrease in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in DNA.
2009-01-31 GO:0044029 hypomethylation of CpG island Added DEFINITION An decrease in the epigenetic methylation of cytosine and adenosine residues in a CpG island in DNA. CpG islands are genomic regions that contain a high frequency of the CG dinucleotide and are often associated with the transcription start site of genes.
2009-01-31 GO:0044030 regulation of DNA methylation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the covalent transfer of a methyl group to either N-6 of adenine or C-5 or N-4 of cytosine.
2009-01-31 GO:0045543 gibberellin 2-beta-dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a gibberellin + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = a 2-beta-hydroxygibberellin + succinate + CO2.
2009-01-31 GO:0048102 autophagic cell death Added DEFINITION A form of programmed cell death that is accompanied by macroautophagy, which is characterized by the sequestration of cytoplasmic material within autophagosomes for bulk degradation by lysosomes. Autophagic cell death is characterized by lack of chromatin condensation, massive vacuolization of the cytoplasm, and accumulation of (double-membraned) autophagic vacuoles, with little or no uptake by phagocytic cells
2009-01-31 GO:0048741 skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the skeletal muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048742 regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048743 positive regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048744 negative regulation of skeletal muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of skeletal muscle fiber development. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0048747 muscle fiber development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the muscle fiber over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Muscle fibers are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2009-01-31 GO:0014901 satellite cell activation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION The process that initiates satellite cell division by causing it to move from quiescence to the G1 stage of the cell cycle. The cell swells and there are a number of other small changes. The cells then start to divide. Following cell division the cells will differentiate. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014716 skeletal muscle satellite stem cell asymmetric division involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION Satellite cell asymmetric division that occurs during a process in which damaged muscle tissue is being rebuilt. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014841 skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation Deleted DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of satellite cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0014001 sclerenchyma cell differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sclerenchyma cell. Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialised for structural strength. Includes fibre cells, that are greatly elongated; and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist. Cells may or may not be devoid of protoplast at maturity. Cell form and size are variable.
2009-01-31 GO:0014720 tonic skeletal muscle contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within tonic skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The tonic skeletal muscle is characterized by long lasting contractile responses and high resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0007520 myoblast fusion Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby non-proliferating myoblasts fuse to existing fibres or to myotubes to form new fibers. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2009-01-31 GO:0014834 skeletal muscle satellite cell maintenance involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Deleted DEFINITION The process essential to maintain a ready source of satellite cells. It consists of the return of activated satellite cells to a quiescent state after proliferation to replenish the satellite cell pool. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2009-01-31 GO:0060309 elastin catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of elastin. Elastin is a glycoprotein which is randomly coiled and cross linked to form elastic fibres that are found in connective tissue.
2009-01-31 GO:0031443 fast-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within fast-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The fast-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by fast time parameters, high force development and fatiguability.
2009-01-31 GO:0031444 slow-twitch skeletal muscle fiber contraction Deleted DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within slow-twitch skeletal muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The slow-twitch skeletal muscle is characterized by slow time parameters, low force development and resistance to fatigue.
2009-01-31 GO:0032798 Swi5-Sfr1 complex Deleted DEFINITION A conserved eukaryotic protein complex involved in DNA recombinational repair; in Schizosaccharomyces the complex contains two Swi5 monomers and one Sfr1 monomer.
2009-01-31 GO:0007126 meiotic nuclear division Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle, the specialized nuclear and cell division in which a single diploid cell undergoes two nuclear divisions following a single round of DNA replication in order to produce four daughter cells that contain half the number of chromosomes as the diploid cell. Meiotic division occurs during the formation of gametes from diploid organisms and at the beginning of haplophase in those organisms that alternate between diploid and haploid generations.
2009-01-31 GO:0007140 male meiosis Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the male germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0007143 female meiotic division Deleted DEFINITION Progression through the nuclear division phase of a meiotic cell cycle in the female germline.
2009-01-31 GO:0017163 basal transcription repressor activity Deleted DEFINITION Any transcription regulator activity that prevents or downregulates basal transcription. Basal transcription results from transcription that is controlled by the minimal complement of proteins necessary to reconstitute transcription from a minimal promoter.
2009-01-31 GO:0000080 mitotic G1 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of mitosis and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000084 mitotic S phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through S phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0000085 mitotic G2 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the mitotic cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of mitosis.
2009-01-31 GO:0000087 mitotic M phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through M phase, the part of the mitotic cell cycle during which mitosis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0043991 histone H2B-S14 phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The modification of histone H2B by the addition of an phosphate group to a serine residue at position 14 of the histone.
2009-01-31 GO:0043992 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K9 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 9 of the histone H3 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043993 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K18 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 18 of the histone H3.
2009-01-31 GO:0043994 histone acetyltransferase activity (H3-K23 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 23 of the histone H3 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043995 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K5 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 5 of the histone H4 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043996 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K8 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 8 of the histone H4 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043997 histone acetyltransferase activity (H4-K12 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group onto lysine at position 12 of the histone H4 protein.
2009-01-31 GO:0043998 H2A histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a lysine of the histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0043999 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K5 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 5 of the histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0044012 histone acetyltransferase activity (H2A-K9 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to lysine at position 9 of the histone H2A.
2009-01-31 GO:0006915 apoptotic process Added DEFINITION A form of programmed cell death characterized by rounding-up of the cell, retraction of pseudopodes, reduction of cellular volume (pyknosis), chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation (karyorrhexis), classically little or no ultrastructural modifications of cytoplasmic organelles, plasma membrane blebbing (but maintenance of its integrity until the final stages of the process) and engulfment by resident phagocytes. Apoptosis is usually induced by external or internal signals that trigger the activity of proteolytic caspases, whose actions dismantle the cell and result in cell death.
2009-01-31 GO:0051318 G1 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G1 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G1 is the interval between the completion of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis) and the beginning of DNA synthesis.
2009-01-31 GO:0051319 G2 phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through G2 phase, one of two 'gap' phases in the cell cycle; G2 is the interval between the completion of DNA synthesis and the beginning of DNA segregation (usually by mitosis or meiosis).
2009-01-31 GO:0051320 S phase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through S phase, the part of the cell cycle during which DNA synthesis takes place.
2009-01-31 GO:0051322 anaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase, the third stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, sister chromatids (or homologous chromosomes) separate and migrate towards the poles of the spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0051323 metaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through metaphase, the second stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes become aligned on the equatorial plate of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0051324 prophase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase, the first stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, chromosomes condense and the two daughter centrioles and their asters migrate toward the poles of the cell.
2009-01-31 GO:0000088 mitotic prophase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prophase, the initial stage of mitosis in which the chromosomes are condensed but are not yet attached to a mitotic spindle.
2009-01-31 GO:0000090 mitotic anaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase, the stage of mitosis during which the two sets of chromosomes separate and move away from each other.
2009-01-31 GO:0000091 mitotic anaphase A Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase A, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the kinetochore microtubules shorten as chromosomes move toward the spindle poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000092 mitotic anaphase B Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through anaphase B, the part of mitotic anaphase in which the polar microtubules elongate and the two poles of the spindle move farther apart.
2009-01-31 GO:0000093 mitotic telophase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through telophase, the last of the stages of mitosis; in the canonical cell cycle, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2009-01-31 GO:0000236 mitotic prometaphase Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through prometaphase, the stage following prophase in mitosis (in higher eukaryotes) during which the nuclear envelope is disrupted and breaks into membrane vesicles, and the spindle microtubules enter the nuclear region. Kinetochores mature on each centromere and attach to some of the spindle microtubules. Kinetochore microtubules begin the process of aligning chromosomes in one plane halfway between the poles.
2009-01-31 GO:0000237 leptotene Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the first stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which chromosomes first become visible.
2009-01-31 GO:0000238 zygotene Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the second stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which each chromosome pairs with its homolog; the two become aligned and crossing over may occur.
2009-01-31 GO:0000239 pachytene Added DEFINITION A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through the third stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which crossing over occurs between a chromatid in one partner and another chromatid in the homologous chromosome.
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