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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2009-01-12

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2009-01-12 GO:0070188 Stn1-Ten1 complex Added TERM Stn1-Ten1 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070189 kynurenine metabolic process Added TERM kynurenine metabolic process
2009-01-12 GO:0070190 inositol hexakisphosphate 1-kinase or 3-kinase activity Added TERM inositol hexakisphosphate 1-kinase or 3-kinase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070191 methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase activity Added TERM methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070192 chromosome organization involved in meiosis Added TERM chromosome organization involved in meiosis
2009-01-12 GO:0070193 synaptonemal complex organization Added TERM synaptonemal complex organization
2009-01-12 GO:0070194 synaptonemal complex disassembly Added TERM synaptonemal complex disassembly
2009-01-12 GO:0070195 growth hormone receptor complex Added TERM growth hormone receptor complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070196 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex assembly Added TERM eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0043962 negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0043963 modulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM modulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0043964 positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0043965 negative regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM negative regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0046961 proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism Updated TERM proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism
2009-01-12 GO:0048042 regulation of post-mating oviposition Updated TERM regulation of post-mating oviposition
2009-01-12 GO:0048188 Set1C/COMPASS complex Updated TERM Set1C/COMPASS complex
2009-01-12 GO:0045240 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex Updated TERM dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex
2009-01-12 GO:0060389 pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added TERM pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation
2009-01-12 GO:0060390 regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added TERM regulation of SMAD protein nuclear translocation
2009-01-12 GO:0060391 positive regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added TERM positive regulation of SMAD protein nuclear translocation
2009-01-12 GO:0060392 negative regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added TERM negative regulation of SMAD protein nuclear translocation
2009-01-12 GO:0060393 regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added TERM regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation
2009-01-12 GO:0060181 female receptivity Deleted TERM female receptivity
2009-01-12 GO:0042411 beta-carotene hydroxylase activity Deleted TERM beta-carotene hydroxylase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0034551 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III assembly Updated TERM mitochondrial cytochrome bc(1) complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0034460 uropod assembly Updated TERM uropod assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0033698 Rpd3L complex Updated TERM Rpd3/Clr6 histone deacetylase complex I/I'
2009-01-12 GO:0043165 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell outer membrane assembly Updated TERM cell outer membrane assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0010835 regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added TERM regulation of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0010836 negative regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added TERM negative regulation of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0010837 regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added TERM regulation of keratinocyte proliferation
2009-01-12 GO:0010838 positive regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added TERM positive regulation of keratinocyte proliferation
2009-01-12 GO:0010839 negative regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added TERM negative regulation of keratinocyte proliferation
2009-01-12 GO:0010840 regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added TERM regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness
2009-01-12 GO:0010841 positive regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added TERM positive regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness
2009-01-12 GO:0010842 retina layer formation Added TERM retina layer formation
2009-01-12 GO:0010843 promoter binding Added TERM promoter binding
2009-01-12 GO:0010844 recombination hotspot binding Added TERM recombination hotspot binding
2009-01-12 GO:0010845 positive regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added TERM positive regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination
2009-01-12 GO:0010846 activation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added TERM activation of reciprocal meiotic recombination
2009-01-12 GO:0010847 regulation of chromatin assembly Added TERM regulation of chromatin assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0010848 regulation of chromatin disassembly Added TERM regulation of chromatin disassembly
2009-01-12 GO:0010849 regulation of proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism Added TERM regulation of proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism
2009-01-12 GO:0017044 melanocyte-stimulating hormone activity Updated TERM melanocyte stimulating hormone activity
2009-01-12 GO:0019378 sulfate assimilation, phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction by an oxidoreductase, acting on sulfur group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor Deleted TERM sulfate assimilation, phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction by an oxidoreductase, acting on sulfur group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
2009-01-12 GO:0031011 Ino80 complex Updated TERM Ino80 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0019421 sulfate reduction, APS pathway Deleted TERM sulfate reduction, APS pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0019425 sulfur oxidation, using siroheme sulfite reductase Deleted TERM sulfur oxidation, using siroheme sulfite reductase
2009-01-12 GO:0031909 peroxisomal lumen Deleted TERM peroxisomal lumen
2009-01-12 GO:0032221 Rpd3S complex Updated TERM Rpd3/Clr6 histone deacetylase complex II'
2009-01-12 GO:0002133 polycystin complex Added TERM polycystin complex
2009-01-12 GO:0000491 small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein complex assembly Updated TERM small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0000508 Rpd3L complex Deleted TERM Rpd3L complex
2009-01-12 GO:0000509 Rpd3S complex Deleted TERM Rpd3S complex
2009-01-12 GO:0000812 Swr1 complex Updated TERM Swr1 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0005183 gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone activity Updated TERM gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone activity
2009-01-12 GO:0010169 thioglucosidase complex Updated TERM thioglucosidase complex
2009-01-12 GO:0008247 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase complex Updated TERM 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase complex
2009-01-12 GO:0009297 pilus assembly Updated TERM pilus formation
2009-01-12 GO:0007027 negative regulation of axonemal microtubule depolymerization Updated TERM negative regulation of axonemal microtubule depolymerization
2009-01-12 GO:0060390 regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0060391 positive regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0060392 negative regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0060393 regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0070197 attachment of telomeric heterochromatin to nuclear envelope Added TERM attachment of telomeres to nuclear envelope
2009-01-12 GO:0070198 protein localization to chromosome, telomeric region Added TERM protein localization to telomere
2009-01-12 GO:0070199 establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added TERM establishment of protein localization to chromosome
2009-01-12 GO:0070200 establishment of protein localization to telomere Added TERM establishment of protein localization to telomere
2009-01-12 GO:0070201 regulation of establishment of protein localization Added TERM regulation of establishment of protein localization
2009-01-12 GO:0070202 regulation of establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added TERM regulation of establishment of protein localization to chromosome
2009-01-12 GO:0070203 regulation of establishment of protein localization to telomere Added TERM regulation of establishment of protein localization to telomere
2009-01-12 GO:0070204 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase activity Added TERM 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070205 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Added TERM 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070206 protein trimerization Added TERM protein trimerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070207 protein homotrimerization Added TERM protein homotrimerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070208 protein heterotrimerization Added TERM protein heterotrimerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070209 ASTRA complex Added TERM ASTRA complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070210 Rpd3L-Expanded complex Added TERM Rpd3L-Expanded complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070211 Snt2C complex Added TERM Snt2C complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070212 protein poly-ADP-ribosylation Added TERM protein amino acid poly-ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070213 protein auto-ADP-ribosylation Added TERM protein amino acid auto-ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070214 CSK-GAP-A.p62 complex Added TERM CSK-GAP-A.p62 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070215 MDM2 binding Added TERM MDM2 binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070216 MDM4 binding Added TERM MDM4 binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070217 transcription factor TFIIIB complex assembly Added TERM transcription factor TFIIIB complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0070218 sulfide ion homeostasis Added TERM sulfide ion homeostasis
2009-01-12 GO:0070219 cellular sulfide ion homeostasis Added TERM cellular sulfide ion homeostasis
2009-01-12 GO:0070220 aerobic sulfur oxidation Added TERM aerobic sulfur oxidation
2009-01-12 GO:0070221 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase Added TERM sulfide oxidation, using sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase
2009-01-12 GO:0070222 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide dehydrogenase Added TERM sulfide oxidation, using sulfide dehydrogenase
2009-01-12 GO:0070223 sulfide oxidation, using sulfur dioxygenase Added TERM sulfide oxidation, using sulfur dioxygenase
2009-01-12 GO:0070224 sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase activity Added TERM sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070225 sulfide dehydrogenase activity Added TERM sulfide dehydrogenase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070226 sulfur:ferric ion oxidoreductase activity Added TERM sulfur:ferric ion oxidoreductase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0060378 regulation of brood size Added TERM regulation of brood size
2009-01-12 GO:0060379 cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation Added TERM cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation
2009-01-12 GO:0060380 regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added TERM regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0060381 positive regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added TERM positive regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0060382 regulation of DNA strand elongation Added TERM regulation of DNA strand elongation
2009-01-12 GO:0060383 positive regulation of DNA strand elongation Added TERM positive regulation of DNA strand elongation
2009-01-12 GO:0060384 innervation Added TERM innervation
2009-01-12 GO:0060385 axonogenesis involved in innervation Added TERM axonogenesis involved in innervation
2009-01-12 GO:0060386 synapse assembly involved in innervation Added TERM synaptogenesis involved in innervation
2009-01-12 GO:0060387 fertilization envelope Added TERM fertilization envelope
2009-01-12 GO:0060388 vitelline envelope Added TERM vitelline envelope
2009-01-12 GO:0060394 negative regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added TERM negative regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation
2009-01-12 GO:0060395 SMAD protein signal transduction Added TERM SMAD protein signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0060396 growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060397 JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway Added TERM JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060398 regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060399 positive regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM positive regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060400 negative regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM negative regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060401 cytosolic calcium ion transport Added TERM cytosolic calcium ion transport
2009-01-12 GO:0060402 calcium ion transport into cytosol Added TERM calcium ion transport into cytosol
2009-01-12 GO:0060403 post-mating oviposition Added TERM post-mating oviposition
2009-01-12 GO:0060404 axonemal microtubule depolymerization Added TERM axonemal microtubule depolymerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070180 large ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added TERM LSU rRNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070181 small ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added TERM SSU rRNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070182 DNA polymerase binding Added TERM DNA polymerase binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070183 mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added TERM mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA aminoacylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070184 mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added TERM mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA aminoacylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070185 mitochondrial valyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added TERM mitochondrial valyl-tRNA aminoacylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070186 growth hormone activity Added TERM growth hormone activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070187 telosome Added TERM shelterin complex
2009-01-12 GO:0060395 SMAD protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION x.
2009-01-12 GO:0060396 growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060397 JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The process by which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) are activated by members of the JAK (janus activated kinase) family of tyrosine kinases, following the binding of physiological ligands to the growth hormone receptor. Once activated, STATs dimerize and translocate to the nucleus and modulate the expression of target genes.
2009-01-12 GO:0033056 D-ornithine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-ornithine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid ornithine, i.e. (2R)-2,5-diaminopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033482 D-galacturonate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galacturonate, the D-enantiomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033698 Rpd3L complex Added DEFINITION A histone deacetylase complex which deacetylates histones across gene coding regions. Composed of a catalytic histone deacetylase subunit, an Sds-3 family protein, a SIN3 family co-repressor, a WD repeat protein, and a zf- PHD finger (Clr6, Sds3, Pst1, Prw1, Png2 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe; Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Pho23p, Sap30p, Sds3p, Cti6p, Rxt2p, Rxt3p, Dep1p, Ume6p and Ash1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae).
2009-01-12 GO:0034661 ncRNA catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of non-coding RNA transcripts (ncRNAs). Includes the breakdown of cryptic unstable transcripts (CUTs).
2009-01-12 GO:0042571 immunoglobulin complex, circulating Added DEFINITION An immunoglobulin complex that is secreted into extracellular space and found in mucosal areas or other tissues or circulating in the blood or lymph. In its canonical form, a circulating immunoglobulin complex is composed of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains, held together by disulfide bonds. Some forms of are polymers of the basic structure and contain additional components such as J-chain and the secretory component.
2009-01-12 GO:0042752 regulation of circadian rhythm Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a circadian rhythm. A circadian rhythm is a biological process in an organism that recurs with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2009-01-12 GO:0042836 D-glucarate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate. D-glucarate is derived from either D-glucose or L-gulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042837 D-glucarate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042838 D-glucarate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042839 D-glucuronate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042840 D-glucuronate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0080027 response to herbivore Added TERM response to herbivore
2009-01-12 GO:0080028 nitrile biosynthetic process Added TERM nitrile biosynthetic process
2009-01-12 GO:0030004 cellular monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic cations at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030005 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of divalent or trivalent cations at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030007 cellular potassium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of potassium ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030026 cellular manganese ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of manganese ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030319 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of divalent or trivalent inorganic anions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030320 cellular monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic anions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030324 lung development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
2009-01-12 GO:0042940 D-amino acid transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of the dextrorotatory isomer of an amino acid into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0051480 cytosolic calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the cytosol of a cell or between the cytosol and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0019571 D-arabinose catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-arabinose, the dextrorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose.
2009-01-12 GO:0046372 D-arabinose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arabinose, the dextrorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose. D-arabinose occurs in plant glycosides and is a constituent of arabinonucleosides.
2009-01-12 GO:0042872 D-galactarate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019582 D-galactarate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046393 D-galactarate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042877 D-galactarate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of the anion of galactaric acid, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042871 D-galactarate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactarate into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactarate is the dextrorotatory isomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042881 D-galactonate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galactonate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042875 D-galactonate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galactonate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0033482 D-galacturonate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galacturonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019698 D-galacturonate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-galacturonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046396 D-galacturonate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galacturonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid. D-galacturonic acid is a component of plant gums and bacterial cell walls.
2009-01-12 GO:0042837 D-glucarate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042838 D-glucarate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042836 D-glucarate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate. D-glucarate is derived from either D-glucose or L-gulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042878 D-glucarate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042870 D-glucarate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0010291 carotene beta-ring hydroxylase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of C3-hydroxylation reaction of the beta-ring of various carotenes.
2009-01-12 GO:0032221 Rpd3S complex Deleted DEFINITION A eukaryotically conserved histone deacetylase complex which deacetylates histones preferentially in promoter regions. Composed of a catalytic histone deacetylase subunit, a chromodomain protein, a SIN3 family co-repressor, and a WD repeat protein (Clr6p, Alp13p, Pst2p, and Prw1p respectively in Schizosaccharomyces; homologs thereof in other species).
2009-01-12 GO:0055070 copper ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of copper ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055080 cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cations.
2009-01-12 GO:0055076 transition metal ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of transition metal ions within an organism or cell. A transition metal is an element whose atom has an incomplete d-subshell of extranuclear electrons, or which gives rise to a cation or cations with an incomplete d-subshell. Transition metals often have more than one valency state. Biologically relevant transition metals include vanadium, manganese, iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum and silver.
2009-01-12 GO:0055078 sodium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sodium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055079 aluminum ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of aluminum ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055080 cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cations within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055081 anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of anions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055083 monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic anions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0060378 regulation of brood size Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the extent of brood size. Brood size is the number of progeny that survive embryogenesis and are cared for at one time.
2009-01-12 GO:0060379 cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac myoblast. A cardiac myoblast is a stem cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into cardiac muscle cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0060380 regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of binding to single-stranded telomeric DNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0060381 positive regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding.
2009-01-12 GO:0060382 regulation of DNA strand elongation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of DNA strand elongation. DNA strand elongation is the DNA metabolic process by which a DNA strand is synthesized by adding nucleotides to the 3' end of an existing DNA stand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060383 positive regulation of DNA strand elongation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of DNA strand elongation. DNA strand elongation is the DNA metabolic process by which a DNA strand is synthesized by adding nucleotides to the 3' end of an existing DNA stand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060384 innervation Added DEFINITION The process by which a nerve invades a tissue and makes functional synaptic connection within the tissue.
2009-01-12 GO:0060385 axonogenesis involved in innervation Added DEFINITION The neurite development process that generates a long process of a neuron, as it invades a target tissue.
2009-01-12 GO:0060386 synapse assembly involved in innervation Added DEFINITION The biosynthesis of a synapse within a target tissue in which a nerve is invading.
2009-01-12 GO:0060387 fertilization envelope Added DEFINITION A structure that lies outside the plasma membrane and surrounds the egg. The fertilization envelope forms from the vitelline membrane after fertilization as a result of cortical granule release.
2009-01-12 GO:0060388 vitelline envelope Added DEFINITION A glycoprotein-based structure that lies outside the plasma membrane and surrounds the egg before fertilization.
2009-01-12 GO:0060389 pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a pathway restricted SMAD protein. A pathway restricted SMAD protein is an effector protein that acts directly downstream of the transforming growth factor family receptor.
2009-01-12 GO:0070176 DRM complex Added DEFINITION A transcriptional repressor complex that contains the lin-9, lin-35, lin-37, lin-52, lin-53, lin-5is involved in 4-, dpl-1 and efl-1 proteins, and is involveed in cell fate specification.
2009-01-12 GO:0070178 D-serine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-serine, the D-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070179 D-serine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-serine, the D-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid. D-serine is often formed by racemization of L-serine.
2009-01-12 GO:0070180 large ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the large ribosomal subunit RNA (LSU rRNA), a constituent of the large ribosomal subunit. In S. cerevisiae, this is the 25S rRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070181 small ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the small ribosomal subunit RNA (SSU rRNA), a constituent of the large ribosomal subunit. In S. cerevisiae, this is the 18S rRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070182 DNA polymerase binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a DNA polymerase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070183 mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added DEFINITION The process of coupling tryptophan to tryptophanyl-tRNA in a mitochondrion, catalyzed by tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase. In tRNA aminoacylation, the amino acid is first activated by linkage to AMP and then transferred to either the 2'- or the 3'-hydroxyl group of the 3'-adenosine residue of the tRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070184 mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added DEFINITION The process of coupling threonine to tyrosyl-tRNA in a mitochondrion, catalyzed by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. In tRNA aminoacylation, the amino acid is first activated by linkage to AMP and then transferred to either the 2'- or the 3'-hydroxyl group of the 3'-adenosine residue of the tRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070185 mitochondrial valyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added DEFINITION The process of coupling valine to valyl-tRNA in a mitochondrion, catalyzed by valyl-tRNA synthetase. In tRNA aminoacylation, the amino acid is first activated by linkage to AMP and then transferred to either the 2'- or the 3'-hydroxyl group of the 3'-adenosine residue of the tRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070186 growth hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of growth hormone, a peptide hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary or the placenta into the circulation, and binds to membrane receptors in target tissues to stimulate body growth.
2009-01-12 GO:0070187 telosome Added DEFINITION A nuclear telomere cap complex that is formed by the association of the shelterin protein (POT1 or a homolog thereof) and several other proteins with telomeric DNA. The complex contains TRF1, TRF2, POT1, RAP1, TIN2 and TPP1 in mammalian cells, and Pot1, Tpz1, Ccq1, Poz1, and Rap1 in Schizosaccharomyces.
2009-01-12 GO:0070188 Stn1-Ten1 complex Added DEFINITION A nuclear telomere cap complex that is formed by the association of the Stn1 and Ten1 proteins with telomeric DNA; in some species a third protein is present.
2009-01-12 GO:0070189 kynurenine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving kynurenine, the amino acid 3-(2-aminobenzoyl)-alanine.
2009-01-12 GO:0070190 inositol hexakisphosphate 1-kinase or 3-kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate = ADP + 1-diphospho-1D-myo-inositol (2,3,4,5,6)pentakisphosphate or ATP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate = ADP + 3-diphospho-1D-myo-inositol (1,2,4,5,6)pentakisphosphate.
2009-01-12 GO:0070191 methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Catalysis of the reaction: L-methionine R-oxide + thioredoxin = L-methionine + thioredoxin disulfide; can act on free oxidized methionine with specificity for the R enantiomer; does not act on oxidized methionine in peptide linkage. Thioredoxin disulfide is the oxidized form of thioredoxin.
2009-01-12 GO:0070192 chromosome organization involved in meiosis Added DEFINITION A process of chromosome organization that is involved in meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0070193 synaptonemal complex organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a synaptonemal complex. A synaptonemal complex is a proteinaceous scaffold formed between homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0070194 synaptonemal complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The controlled breakdown of a synaptonemal complex.
2009-01-12 GO:0070195 growth hormone receptor complex Added DEFINITION A receptor complex that consists of two identical subunits and binds growth hormone.
2009-01-12 GO:0046396 D-galacturonate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galacturonate, the D-enantiomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid. D-galacturonic acid is a component of plant gums and bacterial cell walls.
2009-01-12 GO:0046410 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate + isochorismate = 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate + pyruvate + CO2.
2009-01-12 GO:0046416 D-amino acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-amino acids, the D-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0046436 D-alanine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-alanine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046437 D-amino acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-amino acids, the D-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0030354 melanin-concentrating hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of melanin-concentrating hormone, a cyclic peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, induces melanin aggregation in melanocytes, and is also involved in regulating food intake and energy balance in mammals.
2009-01-12 GO:0030632 D-alanine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-alanine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0030641 regulation of cellular pH Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of hydrogen ions (protons) within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030642 cellular sulfate ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sulfate ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030643 cellular phosphate ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of phosphate ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030644 cellular chloride ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of chloride ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0032221 Rpd3S complex Added DEFINITION A eukaryotically conserved histone deacetylase complex which deacetylates histones preferentially in promoter regions. Composed of a catalytic histone deacetylase subunit, a chromodomain protein, a SIN3 family co-repressor, and a WD repeat protein (Clr6p, Alp13p, Pst2p, and Prw1p respectively in Schizosaccharomyces; Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Rco1p and Eaf3 in Saccharomyces; homologs thereof in other species).
2009-01-12 GO:0032468 Golgi calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions within the Golgi apparatus of a cell or between the Golgi and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0032469 endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions within the endoplasmic reticulum of a cell or between the endoplasmic reticulum and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0033053 D-glutamine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid glutamine, i.e. (2R)-2,5-diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033054 D-glutamate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamate, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid glutamate, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033055 D-arginine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arginine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid arginine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-5-(carbamimidamido)pentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070196 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex.
2009-01-12 GO:0070197 attachment of telomeric heterochromatin to nuclear envelope Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby physical connections are formed between telomeres and the nuclear envelope, facilitating bouquet formation.
2009-01-12 GO:0042841 D-glucuronate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042849 L-sorbose biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-sorbose, the L-enantiomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose. L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol.
2009-01-12 GO:0042850 L-sorbose catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-sorbose, the L-enantiomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042851 L-alanine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042852 L-alanine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042853 L-alanine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042870 D-glucarate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042871 D-galactarate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactarate into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactarate is the D-enantiomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042872 D-galactarate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galactarate, the D-enantiomer of the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042874 D-glucuronate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042875 D-galactonate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactonate, the D-enantiomer of galactonate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042877 D-galactarate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactarate, the D-enantiomer of the anion of galactaric acid, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042878 D-glucarate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042880 D-glucuronate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042881 D-galactonate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactonate, the D-enantiomer of galactonate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042882 L-arabinose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arabinose, the L-enantiomer of arabinose, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042940 D-amino acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of the D-enantiomer of an amino acid into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042941 D-alanine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-alanine, the D-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042942 D-serine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-serine, the D-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042943 D-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-amino acids from one side of a membrane to the other. D-amino acids are the D-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0042944 D-alanine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-alanine from one side of a membrane to the other. D-alanine is the D-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042945 D-serine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. D-serine is the D-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0043091 L-arginine import Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arginine, the L-enantiomec of 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0043092 L-amino acid import Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-enantiomer amino acids into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0043235 receptor complex Added DEFINITION Any protein complex that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-12 GO:0060394 negative regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0032468 Golgi calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the Golgi apparatus of a cell or between the Golgi and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0055064 chloride ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of chloride ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0000075 cell cycle checkpoint Deleted DEFINITION A point in the eukaryotic cell cycle where progress through the cycle can be halted until conditions are suitable for the cell to proceed to the next stage.
2009-01-12 GO:0046440 L-lysine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-lysine, the levorotatory isomer of (S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019324 L-lyxose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-lyxose, the levorotatory isomer of aldopentose lyxo-pentose, the C-2 epimer of xylose.
2009-01-12 GO:0019680 L-methylmalonyl-CoA biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-methylmalonyl-CoA, the levorotatory isomer of 2-carboxypropanoyl-CoA.
2009-01-12 GO:0046491 L-methylmalonyl-CoA metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-methylmalonyl-CoA, the levorotatory isomer of 2-carboxypropanoyl-CoA. S-methylmalonyl-CoA is an intermediate in the beta oxidation of odd-numbered fatty acids in animals.
2009-01-12 GO:0009094 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006558 L-phenylalanine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-phenylalanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015194 L-serine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-serine is the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015825 L-serine transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-serine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042849 L-sorbose biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-sorbose, the levorotatory isomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose. L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol.
2009-01-12 GO:0042850 L-sorbose catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-sorbose, the levorotatory isomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0019312 L-sorbose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving sorbose, the levorotatory isomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose. L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol.
2009-01-12 GO:0055065 metal ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of metal ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0006344 maintenance of chromatin silencing Deleted DEFINITION The maintenance of chromatin in a transciptionally silent heterochromatin state.
2009-01-12 GO:0070198 protein localization to chromosome, telomeric region Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained at, the telomeric region of a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070199 establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein to a specific location on a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070200 establishment of protein localization to telomere Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein to a specific location in the telomeric region of a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070201 regulation of establishment of protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein to a specific location.
2009-01-12 GO:0070202 regulation of establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein to a specific location on a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070203 regulation of establishment of protein localization to telomere Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein to a specific location in the telomeric region of a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070204 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isochorismate + 2-oxoglutarate = 5-enolpyruvoyl-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohex-3-ene-1-carboxylate + CO2.
2009-01-12 GO:0070205 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-enolpyruvoyl-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohex-3-ene-1-carboxylate = (1R,6R)-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohexa-2,4-diene-1-carboxylate + pyruvate.
2009-01-12 GO:0070206 protein trimerization Added DEFINITION The formation of a protein trimer, a macromolecular structure consisting of three noncovalently associated identical or nonidentical subunits.
2009-01-12 GO:0070207 protein homotrimerization Added DEFINITION The formation of a protein homotrimer, a macromolecular structure consisting of three noncovalently associated identical subunits.
2009-01-12 GO:0070208 protein heterotrimerization Added DEFINITION The formation of a protein heterotrimer, a macromolecular structure consisting of three noncovalently associated subunits, of which not all are identical.
2009-01-12 GO:0070209 ASTRA complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that is part of the chromatin remodeling machinery; the acronym stands for ASsembly of Tel, Rvb and Atm-like kinase. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae this complex includes Rvb1p, Rvb2p, Tra1p, Tel2p, Asa1p, Ttilp and Tti2p.
2009-01-12 GO:0070210 Rpd3L-Expanded complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that contains a histone deacetyltransferase and is part of the chromatin remodeling machinery. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae this complex contains the Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Pho23p, Sap30p, Sds3p, Cti6p, Rxt2p, Rxt3p, Dep1p, Ume6p, Ash1p, Dot6p, Snt1, Sif2p, Set3p, Hos2p, Tos4p and Tod6p proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0070211 Snt2C complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that is part of the chromatin remodeling machinery. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae this complex contains Snt2p, Ecm5p and Rpd3p.
2009-01-12 GO:0070212 protein poly-ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION The transfer of multiple ADP-ribose residues from NAD to a protein amino acid, forming a poly(ADP-ribose) chain.
2009-01-12 GO:0070213 protein auto-ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION The ADP-ribosylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues, or residues on an identical protein.
2009-01-12 GO:0070214 CSK-GAP-A.p62 complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that contains the protein-tyrosine kinase CSK and the GTPase-activating protein (GAP)-associated p62 (GAP-A.p62); may mediate translocation of proteins, including GAP and CSK, to membrane or cytoskeletal regions upon c-Src activation.
2009-01-12 GO:0070215 MDM2 binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any isoform of the MDM2 protein, a negative regulator of p53.
2009-01-12 GO:0070216 MDM4 binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any isoform of the MDM4 protein, a negative regulator of p53.
2009-01-12 GO:0070217 transcription factor TFIIIB complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a transcription factor TFIIIB complex.
2009-01-12 GO:0070218 sulfide ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sulfide ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0070219 cellular sulfide ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sulfide ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0070220 aerobic sulfur oxidation Added DEFINITION A sulfur oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfur dioxygenase, and requires the presence of oxygen.
2009-01-12 GO:0070221 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase Added DEFINITION A sulfide oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070222 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide dehydrogenase Added DEFINITION A sulfide oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfide dehydrogenase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070223 sulfide oxidation, using sulfur dioxygenase Added DEFINITION A sulfide oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfur dioxygenase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070224 sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrogen sulfide + a quinone = S0 + a hydroquinone.
2009-01-12 GO:0070225 sulfide dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrogen sulfide + oxidized cytochrome c = S0 + reduced cytochrome c
2009-01-12 GO:0070226 sulfur:ferric ion oxidoreductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a perthiol + 4 Fe3+ + 3 H2O <=> sulfite + a thiol + 4 Fe2+ + 8 H+.
2009-01-12 GO:0080027 response to herbivore Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a herbivore.
2009-01-12 GO:0080028 nitrile biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a nitrile, an organic compound containing trivalent nitrogen attached to one carbon atom.
2009-01-12 GO:0043426 MRF binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with Myogenic Regulatory Factor (MRF), a member of the basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) superfamily of transcription factors.
2009-01-12 GO:0043962 negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0043963 modulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0043964 positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0043965 negative regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0045128 negative regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0045240 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase activity.
2009-01-12 GO:0046372 D-arabinose metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arabinose, the D-enantiomer of arabino-pentose. D-arabinose occurs in plant glycosides and is a constituent of arabinonucleosides.
2009-01-12 GO:0046373 L-arabinose metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-arabinose, the D-enantiomer of arabino-pentose. L-arabinose occurs free, e.g. in the heartwood of many conifers, and in the combined state, in both furanose and pyranose forms, as a constituent of various plant hemicelluloses, bacterial polysaccharides etc.
2009-01-12 GO:0046393 D-galactarate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galactarate, the D-enantiomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0060398 regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of the growth hormone receptor signaling pathway. The growth hormone receptor signaling pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060399 positive regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of the growth hormone receptor signaling pathway. The growth hormone receptor signaling pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060400 negative regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of the growth hormone receptor signaling pathway. The growth hormone receptor signaling pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060401 cytosolic calcium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of calcium ions (Ca2+) into, out of or within the cytosol.
2009-01-12 GO:0060402 calcium ion transport into cytosol Added DEFINITION The directed movement of calcium ions (Ca2+) into the cytosol.
2009-01-12 GO:0060403 post-mating oviposition Added DEFINITION The deposition of eggs, either fertilized or not, upon a surface or into a medium, following mating.
2009-01-12 GO:0060404 axonemal microtubule depolymerization Added DEFINITION The removal of tubulin heterodimers from one or both ends of an axonemal microtubule. An axonemal microtubule is a microtubule in the axoneme of a cilium or flagellum; an axoneme contains nine modified doublet microtubules surrounding a pair of single microtubules.
2009-01-12 GO:0006343 establishment of chromatin silencing Added DEFINITION The initial formation of a transcriptionally silent chromatin structure such as heterochromatin.
2009-01-12 GO:0006344 maintenance of chromatin silencing Added DEFINITION The maintenance of chromatin in a transciptionally silent state such as heterochromatin.
2009-01-12 GO:0019815 B cell receptor complex Deleted DEFINITION A membrane-bound antigen receptor complex consisting in its basic form of an antigen-binding subunit (the membrane immunoglobulin or mIg), comprised of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains held together by disulfide bonds, and a signaling subunit, a heterodimer of the Ig-alpha and Ig-beta proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0045240 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex Deleted DEFINITION Complex that possesses alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase activity.
2009-01-12 GO:0055079 aluminum ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of aluminum ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0043235 receptor complex Deleted DEFINITION Any protein group composed of two or more subunits, which may or may not be identical, which undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-12 GO:0055075 potassium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of potassium ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0010520 regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0048042 regulation of post-mating oviposition Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of egg-laying, following mating.
2009-01-12 GO:0006885 regulation of pH Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the internal pH of an organism, part of an organism or a cell, measured by the concentration of the hydrogen ion.
2009-01-12 GO:0030641 regulation of cellular pH Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of hydrogen ions (protons) within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0042752 regulation of circadian rhythm Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a circadian rhythm behavior.
2009-01-12 GO:0005179 hormone activity Deleted DEFINITION The action characteristic of a hormone, any substance formed in very small amounts in one specialized organ or group of cells and carried (sometimes in the bloodstream) to another organ or group of cells in the same organism, upon which it has a specific regulatory action. The term was originally applied to agents with a stimulatory physiological action in vertebrate animals (as opposed to a chalone, which has a depressant action). Usage is now extended to regulatory compounds in lower animals and plants, and to synthetic substances having comparable effects.
2009-01-12 GO:0055062 phosphate ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of phosphate ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0005904 plasma membrane lipid bilayer Deleted DEFINITION The phospholipid membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment, excluding intergral and associated proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix Deleted DEFINITION The material contained within the membrane of a peroxisome; in many cells the matrix contains a crystalloid core largely composed of urate oxidase.
2009-01-12 GO:0045128 negative regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0006343 establishment of chromatin silencing Deleted DEFINITION The initial formation of transcriptionally silent heterochromatin.
2009-01-12 GO:0016913 follicle-stimulating hormone activity Deleted DEFINITION A gonadotrophic glycoprotein hormone secreted, in mammals, by the anterior pituitary gland.
2009-01-12 GO:0006563 L-serine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-serine, the L-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006564 L-serine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-serine, the L-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0055061 di-, tri-valent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic anions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055066 di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic cations.
2009-01-12 GO:0046659 digestive hormone activity Deleted DEFINITION A hormone that takes part in the digestion process.
2009-01-12 GO:0055056 D-glucose transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of the dextrorotatory isomer of the hexose monosaccharide glucose from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0055055 D-glucose:proton symporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: D-glucose + H+ = D-glucose + H+. Symporter activity enables the active transport of a solute across a membrane by a mechanism whereby two or more species are transported together in the same direction in a tightly coupled process not directly linked to a form of energy other than chemiosmotic energy. D-glucose is the dextrorotatory isomer of glucose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042841 D-glucuronate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042840 D-glucuronate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042839 D-glucuronate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042880 D-glucuronate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042874 D-glucuronate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042945 D-serine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. D-serine is the dextrorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042942 D-serine transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-serine, the dextrorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0032469 endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the endoplasmic reticulum of a cell or between the endoplasmic reticulum and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0046410 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate + isochorismate = 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate + pyruvate + CO2.
2009-01-12 GO:0055081 anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of anions.
2009-01-12 GO:0051560 mitochondrial calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the cytoplasm of a cell or between mitochondria and their surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0042852 L-alanine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042853 L-alanine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042851 L-alanine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015180 L-alanine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-alanine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015808 L-alanine transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0043092 L-amino acid import Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of levorotatory isomer amino acids into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0030324 lung development Deleted DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the oesophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
2009-01-12 GO:0015179 L-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of an L-amino acid from one side of a membrane to the other. L-amino acids are the levorotatory isomer of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0055083 monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic anions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055067 monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic cations.
2009-01-12 GO:0055071 manganese ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of manganese ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0043426 MRF binding Deleted DEFINITION Interacting selectively with Myogenic Regulatory Factor (MRF), a member of the basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) superfamily of trascription factors.
2009-01-12 GO:0015807 L-amino acid transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of levorotatory isomer amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0019572 L-arabinose catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-arabinose, the levorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose.
2009-01-12 GO:0046373 L-arabinose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-arabinose, the levorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose. L-arabinose occurs free, e.g. in the heartwood of many conifers, and in the combined state, in both furanose and pyranose forms, as a constituent of various plant hemicelluloses, bacterial polysaccharides etc.
2009-01-12 GO:0042882 L-arabinose transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arabinose, the levorotatory isomer of arabinose, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0043091 L-arginine import Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arginine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0015182 L-asparagine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-asparagine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-asparagine is the levorotatory isomer of alpha-aminosuccinamic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019448 L-cysteine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-cysteine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046439 L-cysteine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-cysteine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015626 L-diaminopimelate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-diaminopimelate from one side of a membrane to the other. L-diaminopimelate is the levorotatory isomer anion of 2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0051938 L-glutamate import Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-glutamate, the levorotatory isomer of the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid, into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0019477 L-lysine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-lysine, the levorotatory isomer of (S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019814 immunoglobulin complex Deleted DEFINITION A multiprotein complex that functions as an antibody. Immunoglobulins (Igs) are composed of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains, held together by disulfide bonds. The classes of Ig are IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG and IgM; they may be embedded in the plasma membrane or circulate in the blood or lymph.
2009-01-12 GO:0042571 immunoglobulin complex, circulating Deleted DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that functions as an antibody and circulates in the blood, lymph, mucosal areas, and other fluids of the body. In its basic form, circulating immunoglobulin is composed of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains, held together by disulfide bonds. Some forms are polymers of the basic structure and contain additional components such as J-chain and the secretory component.
2009-01-12 GO:0001957 intramembranous ossification Deleted DEFINITION The formation of bone in which osteoblasts secrete a collage-proteoglycan matrix that binds calcium salts and becomes calcified. Intramembranous ossification is the way flat bones and the shell of a turtle are formed.
2009-01-12 GO:0055072 iron ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of iron ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0006879 cellular iron ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of iron ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006882 cellular zinc ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of zinc ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006883 cellular sodium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sodium ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006885 regulation of pH Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of hydrogen ions, thereby modulating the internal pH, within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0007036 vacuolar calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions in the vacuole or between a vacuole and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0007182 common-partner SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a common-partner SMAD protein. A common partner SMAD protein binds to pathway-restricted SMAD proteins forming a complex that tranlocates to the nucleus.
2009-01-12 GO:0007184 SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION The vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Added DEFINITION Any biological process in an organism that recurs with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2009-01-12 GO:0008031 eclosion hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of eclosion hormone, a peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, triggers the death of certain muscles and neurons during insect metamorphosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0008255 ecdysis-triggering hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of ecdysis-triggering hormone, a peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, initiates pre-ecdysis and ecdysis (i.e. cuticle shedding) through direct action on the central nervous system.
2009-01-12 GO:0008437 thyrotropin-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), a hormone released by the mammalian hypothalamus into the hypophyseal-portal circulation in response to neural and/or chemical stimuli. Upon receptor binding, TRH increases the secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone by the anterior pituitary.
2009-01-12 GO:0008613 diuretic hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of a diuretic hormone, any peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, regulates water balance and fluid secretion.
2009-01-12 GO:0009094 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0009381 excinuclease ABC activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of ester linkages within deoxyribonucleic acid at sites flanking regions of damaged DNA to which the Uvr ABC excinuclease complexes bind.
2009-01-12 GO:0009979 16:0 monogalactosyldiacylglycerol desaturase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the introduction of an omega-3 double bond into an unsaturated 16-carbon fatty acid in a monogalactosyldiacylglycerol molecule.
2009-01-12 GO:0010217 cellular aluminum ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of aluminum ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0010291 carotene beta-ring hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of C3-hydroxylation of the beta-ring of various carotenes.
2009-01-12 GO:0010520 regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0010835 regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation. Protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation is the transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to protein amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0010836 negative regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation. Protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation is the transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to protein amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0010837 regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of keratinocyte proliferation. Keratinocyte proliferation is the multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2009-01-12 GO:0010838 positive regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of keratinocyte proliferation. Keratinocyte proliferation is the multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2009-01-12 GO:0010849 regulation of proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate of ATP hydrolysis by an ATPase. Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + H+(in) = ADP + phosphate + H+(out), by a rotational mechanism.
2009-01-12 GO:0015179 L-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of an L-amino acid from one side of a membrane to the other. L-amino acids are the L-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0015180 L-alanine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-alanine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-alanine is the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015182 L-asparagine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-asparagine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-asparagine is the L-enantiomer of alpha-aminosuccinamic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015194 L-serine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-serine is the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015626 L-diaminopimelate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-diaminopimelate from one side of a membrane to the other. L-diaminopimelate is the L-enantiomer anion of 2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015807 L-amino acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-enantiomer amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0015808 L-alanine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0006558 L-phenylalanine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-phenylalanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006563 L-serine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-serine, the L-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006564 L-serine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-serine, the L-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006565 L-serine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-serine, the L-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006873 cellular ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006874 cellular calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006875 cellular metal ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of metal ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0051291 protein heterooligomerization Deleted DEFINITION The process of creating protein oligomers, compounds composed of a small number, usually between three and ten, of nonidentical component monomers. Oligomers may be formed by the polymerization of a number of monomers or the depolymerization of a large protein polymer.
2009-01-12 GO:0051290 protein heterotetramerization Deleted DEFINITION The formation of a protein tetramer, a macromolecular structure consisting of four noncovalently associated nonidentical subunits.
2009-01-12 GO:0051563 smooth endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the smooth endoplasmic reticulum of a cell or between the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0055063 sulfate ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of sulfate ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055078 sodium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of sodium ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0034661 ncRNA catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of non-coding RNA transcripts (ncRNAs). Includes the breakdown of cryptic unstable trascripts (CUTs).
2009-01-12 GO:0019476 D-lysine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-lysine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of lysine; i.e. (2R)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019478 D-amino acid catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-amino acids, the D-configuration stereoisomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0030632 D-alanine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-alanine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033053 D-glutamine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid glutamine, i.e. (2R)-2,5-diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033054 D-glutamate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamate, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid glutamate, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033055 D-arginine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arginine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid arginine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-5-(carbamimidamido)pentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033056 D-ornithine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-ornithine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid ornithine, i.e. n(2R)-2,5-diaminopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046416 D-amino acid metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-amino acids, the D-configuration stereoisomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0046436 D-alanine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-alanine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046437 D-amino acid biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-amino acids, the D-configuration stereoisomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0046441 D-lysine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-lysine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of lysine; i.e. (2R)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070178 D-serine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-serine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070179 D-serine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-serine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid. D-serine is often formed by racemization of L-serine.
2009-01-12 GO:0070176 DRM complex Deleted DEFINITION A transcriptional repressor complex that contains the lin-9, lin-35, lin-37, lin-52, lin-53, lin-5is involved in 4-, dpl-1 and efl-1 proteins, and is involveed in cell fate specification.
2009-01-12 GO:0000075 cell cycle checkpoint Added DEFINITION The cell cycle regulatory process by which progression through the cycle can be halted until conditions are suitable for the cell to proceed to the next stage.
2009-01-12 GO:0001957 intramembranous ossification Added DEFINITION The formation of bone in which osteoblasts secrete a collagen-proteoglycan matrix that binds calcium salts and becomes calcified. Intramembranous ossification is the way flat bones and the shell of a turtle are formed.
2009-01-12 GO:0002133 polycystin complex Added DEFINITION A stable heterodimeric complex composed of polycystin-1 and polycystin-2.
2009-01-12 GO:0005179 hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of a hormone, any substance formed in very small amounts in one specialized organ or group of cells and carried (sometimes in the bloodstream) to another organ or group of cells in the same organism, upon which it has a specific regulatory action. The term was originally applied to agents with a stimulatory physiological action in vertebrate animals (as opposed to a chalone, which has a depressant action). Usage is now extended to regulatory compounds in lower animals and plants, and to synthetic substances having comparable effects; all bind receptors and trigger some biological process.
2009-01-12 GO:0005183 gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone (GnRH), any of a family of decapeptide amide hormones that are released by the eleased by the mammalian hypothalamus into the hypophyseal-portal circulation in response to neural and/or chemical stimuli. Upon receptor binding, GnRH causes the release of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone by the anterior pituitary.
2009-01-12 GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix Added DEFINITION MERGED DEFINITION:nTARGET DEFINITION: The material contained within the membrane of a peroxisome; in many cells the matrix contains a crystalloid core largely composed of urate oxidase.n--------------------nSOURCE DEFINITION: The volume enclosed by the membranes of a peroxisome.
2009-01-12 GO:0005904 plasma membrane lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The phospholipid membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment, excluding integral and associated proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0055065 metal ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of metal ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055066 di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of divalent or trivalent cations within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055067 monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic cations within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055068 cobalt ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cobalt ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055069 zinc ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of zinc ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055070 copper ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of copper ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055071 manganese ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of manganese ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055072 iron ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of iron ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055073 cadmium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cadmium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055074 calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055075 potassium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of potassium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0015825 L-serine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-serine, the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0016608 growth hormone-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of growth hormone-releasing hormone, any of a family of peptide hormones that act on the anterior pituitary to stimulate the secretion of growth hormone and exert a trophic effect on the gland.
2009-01-12 GO:0016913 follicle-stimulating hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), a gonadotrophic glycoprotein hormone secreted, in mammals, by the anterior pituitary gland. Upon receptor binding, FSH stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in the ovaries in females, and stimulates the epithelium of the seminiferous tubules to increase spermatogenesis.
2009-01-12 GO:0017044 melanocyte-stimulating hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of melanocyte stimulating hormone, any of three peptide hormones that are produced by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland and, upon receptor binding, cause dispersal of melanosomes in melanophores of poikilothermic vertebrates.
2009-01-12 GO:0017045 corticotropin-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of adrenocorticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), any of a number of peptides released by the mammalian hypothalamus into the hypophyseal-portal circulation in response to neural and/or chemical stimuli. Upon receptor binding, CRH increases the rate of adrenocorticotropin secretion by the anterior pituitary.
2009-01-12 GO:0018445 prothoracicotrophic hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of prothoracicotrophic hormone, a peptide hormone that is secreted by the brain and, upon receptor binding, acts on the prothoracic gland to stimulate the release of ecdysone in insects.
2009-01-12 GO:0019378 sulfate assimilation, phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction by an oxidoreductase, acting on sulfur group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor Deleted DEFINITION The pathway by which inorganic sulfate is processed and incorporated into sulfated compounds, where the phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction step is catalyzed by enzymes of the class EC:1.8.1.-.
2009-01-12 GO:0019421 sulfate reduction, APS pathway Deleted DEFINITION The reduction of sulfate and ATP to adenosine-phosphosulfate (APS) and pyrophosphate. The activated compound APS then participates in a variety of downstream reactions.
2009-01-12 GO:0042411 beta-carotene hydroxylase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydroxylation of both beta rings of beta-carotene to form zeaxanthine.
2009-01-12 GO:0000508 Rpd3L complex Deleted DEFINITION A multisubunit histone deacetylase complex that is involved in transcriptional regulation. In S. cerevisiae, this complex consists of Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Pho23p, Sap30p, Sds3p, Cti6p, Rxt2p, Rxt3p, Dep1p, Ume6p and Ash1p.
2009-01-12 GO:0000509 Rpd3S complex Deleted DEFINITION A multisubunit histone deacetylase complex that is involved in intragenic transcription repression through histone deacetylation. In S. cerevisiae, this complex consists of Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Rco1p and Eaf3.
2009-01-12 GO:0031909 peroxisomal lumen Deleted DEFINITION The volume enclosed by the membranes of a peroxisome.
2009-01-12 GO:0060181 female receptivity Deleted DEFINITION The biological process that controls the willingness or readiness of a female to receive male advances.
2009-01-12 GO:0007036 vacuolar calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions in the vacuole or between a vacuole and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0010839 negative regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of keratinocyte proliferation. Keratinocyte proliferation is the multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2009-01-12 GO:0010840 regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of the wakeful phase of the circadian sleep/wake cycle. The wakeful phase is the part of the circadian sleep/wake cycle where the organism is not asleep.
2009-01-12 GO:0010841 positive regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, or extent of the wakeful phase of the circadian sleep/wake cycle. The wakeful phase is the part of the circadian sleep/wake cycle where the organism is not asleep.
2009-01-12 GO:0010842 retina layer formation Added DEFINITION The process whereby the vertebrate retina is organized into three laminae: the outer nuclear layer (ONL), which contains photoreceptor nuclei; the inner nuclear layer (INL), which contains amacrine, bipolar and horizontal cells; and the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer. Between the inner and outer nuclear layers, the outer plexiform layer (OPL) contains connections between the photoreceptors and bipolar and horizontal cells. The inner plexiform layer (IPL) is positioned between the INL and the ganglion cell layer and contains the dendrites of RGCs and processes of bipolar and amacrine cells. Spanning all layers of the retina are the radially oriented Mller glia.
2009-01-12 GO:0010843 promoter binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively within the regulatory region composed of the transcription start site and binding sites for transcription factor complexes of the basal transcription machinery.
2009-01-12 GO:0010844 recombination hotspot binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a region in a genome which promotes recombination.
2009-01-12 GO:0010845 positive regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0010846 activation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that starts the inactive process of reciprocal meiotic recombination. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0010847 regulation of chromatin assembly Added DEFINITION Any process the modulates the frequency, rate or extent of chromatin assembly. Chromatin assembly is the assembly of DNA, histone proteins, and other associated proteins into chromatin structure, beginning with the formation of the basic unit, the nucleosome, followed by organization of the nucleosomes into higher order structures, ultimately giving rise to a complex organization of specific domains within the nucleus.
2009-01-12 GO:0010848 regulation of chromatin disassembly Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of chromatin disassembly. Chromatin disassembly is the controlled breakdown of chromatin from a higher order structure into its simpler subcomponents, DNA, histones, and other proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0006565 L-serine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-serine, the L-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019417 sulfur oxidation Deleted DEFINITION The addition of oxygen to elemental sulfur.
2009-01-12 GO:0055069 zinc ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of zinc ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055076 transition metal ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of transition metal ions. A transition metal is an element whose atom has an incomplete d-subshell of extranuclear electrons, or which gives rise to a cation or cations with an incomplete d-subshell. Transition metals often have more than one valency state. Biologically relevant transition metals include vanadium, manganese, iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum and silver.
2009-01-12 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Deleted DEFINITION Any biological process in an organism that recur with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2009-01-12 GO:0010217 cellular aluminum ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of aluminum ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030002 cellular anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of anions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006876 cellular cadmium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cadmium ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006874 cellular calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030003 cellular cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cations within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030644 cellular chloride ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of chloride ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006877 cellular cobalt ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cobalt ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006878 cellular copper ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of copper ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030319 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic anions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030005 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic cations within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006873 cellular ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006879 cellular iron ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of iron ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030026 cellular manganese ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of manganese ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006875 cellular metal ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of metal ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030320 cellular monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic anions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030004 cellular monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic cations within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2009-01-12 GO:0070188 Stn1-Ten1 complex Added TERM Stn1-Ten1 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070189 kynurenine metabolic process Added TERM kynurenine metabolic process
2009-01-12 GO:0070190 inositol hexakisphosphate 1-kinase or 3-kinase activity Added TERM inositol hexakisphosphate 1-kinase or 3-kinase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070191 methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase activity Added TERM methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070192 chromosome organization involved in meiosis Added TERM chromosome organization involved in meiosis
2009-01-12 GO:0070193 synaptonemal complex organization Added TERM synaptonemal complex organization
2009-01-12 GO:0070194 synaptonemal complex disassembly Added TERM synaptonemal complex disassembly
2009-01-12 GO:0070195 growth hormone receptor complex Added TERM growth hormone receptor complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070196 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex assembly Added TERM eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0043962 negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0043963 modulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM modulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0043964 positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0043965 negative regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added TERM negative regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0046961 proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism Updated TERM proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism
2009-01-12 GO:0048042 regulation of post-mating oviposition Updated TERM regulation of post-mating oviposition
2009-01-12 GO:0048188 Set1C/COMPASS complex Updated TERM Set1C/COMPASS complex
2009-01-12 GO:0045240 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex Updated TERM dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex
2009-01-12 GO:0060389 pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added TERM pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation
2009-01-12 GO:0060390 regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added TERM regulation of SMAD protein nuclear translocation
2009-01-12 GO:0060391 positive regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added TERM positive regulation of SMAD protein nuclear translocation
2009-01-12 GO:0060392 negative regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added TERM negative regulation of SMAD protein nuclear translocation
2009-01-12 GO:0060393 regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added TERM regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation
2009-01-12 GO:0060181 female receptivity Deleted TERM female receptivity
2009-01-12 GO:0042411 beta-carotene hydroxylase activity Deleted TERM beta-carotene hydroxylase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0034551 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III assembly Updated TERM mitochondrial cytochrome bc(1) complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0034460 uropod assembly Updated TERM uropod assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0033698 Rpd3L complex Updated TERM Rpd3/Clr6 histone deacetylase complex I/I'
2009-01-12 GO:0043165 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell outer membrane assembly Updated TERM cell outer membrane assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0010835 regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added TERM regulation of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0010836 negative regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added TERM negative regulation of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0010837 regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added TERM regulation of keratinocyte proliferation
2009-01-12 GO:0010838 positive regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added TERM positive regulation of keratinocyte proliferation
2009-01-12 GO:0010839 negative regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added TERM negative regulation of keratinocyte proliferation
2009-01-12 GO:0010840 regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added TERM regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness
2009-01-12 GO:0010841 positive regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added TERM positive regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness
2009-01-12 GO:0010842 retina layer formation Added TERM retina layer formation
2009-01-12 GO:0010843 promoter binding Added TERM promoter binding
2009-01-12 GO:0010844 recombination hotspot binding Added TERM recombination hotspot binding
2009-01-12 GO:0010845 positive regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added TERM positive regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination
2009-01-12 GO:0010846 activation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added TERM activation of reciprocal meiotic recombination
2009-01-12 GO:0010847 regulation of chromatin assembly Added TERM regulation of chromatin assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0010848 regulation of chromatin disassembly Added TERM regulation of chromatin disassembly
2009-01-12 GO:0010849 regulation of proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism Added TERM regulation of proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism
2009-01-12 GO:0017044 melanocyte-stimulating hormone activity Updated TERM melanocyte stimulating hormone activity
2009-01-12 GO:0019378 sulfate assimilation, phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction by an oxidoreductase, acting on sulfur group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor Deleted TERM sulfate assimilation, phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction by an oxidoreductase, acting on sulfur group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
2009-01-12 GO:0031011 Ino80 complex Updated TERM Ino80 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0019421 sulfate reduction, APS pathway Deleted TERM sulfate reduction, APS pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0019425 sulfur oxidation, using siroheme sulfite reductase Deleted TERM sulfur oxidation, using siroheme sulfite reductase
2009-01-12 GO:0031909 peroxisomal lumen Deleted TERM peroxisomal lumen
2009-01-12 GO:0032221 Rpd3S complex Updated TERM Rpd3/Clr6 histone deacetylase complex II'
2009-01-12 GO:0002133 polycystin complex Added TERM polycystin complex
2009-01-12 GO:0000491 small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein complex assembly Updated TERM small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0000508 Rpd3L complex Deleted TERM Rpd3L complex
2009-01-12 GO:0000509 Rpd3S complex Deleted TERM Rpd3S complex
2009-01-12 GO:0000812 Swr1 complex Updated TERM Swr1 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0005183 gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone activity Updated TERM gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone activity
2009-01-12 GO:0010169 thioglucosidase complex Updated TERM thioglucosidase complex
2009-01-12 GO:0008247 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase complex Updated TERM 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase complex
2009-01-12 GO:0009297 pilus assembly Updated TERM pilus formation
2009-01-12 GO:0007027 negative regulation of axonemal microtubule depolymerization Updated TERM negative regulation of axonemal microtubule depolymerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070197 attachment of telomeric heterochromatin to nuclear envelope Added TERM attachment of telomeres to nuclear envelope
2009-01-12 GO:0070198 protein localization to chromosome, telomeric region Added TERM protein localization to telomere
2009-01-12 GO:0070199 establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added TERM establishment of protein localization to chromosome
2009-01-12 GO:0070200 establishment of protein localization to telomere Added TERM establishment of protein localization to telomere
2009-01-12 GO:0070201 regulation of establishment of protein localization Added TERM regulation of establishment of protein localization
2009-01-12 GO:0070202 regulation of establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added TERM regulation of establishment of protein localization to chromosome
2009-01-12 GO:0070203 regulation of establishment of protein localization to telomere Added TERM regulation of establishment of protein localization to telomere
2009-01-12 GO:0070204 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase activity Added TERM 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070205 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Added TERM 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070206 protein trimerization Added TERM protein trimerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070207 protein homotrimerization Added TERM protein homotrimerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070208 protein heterotrimerization Added TERM protein heterotrimerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070209 ASTRA complex Added TERM ASTRA complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070210 Rpd3L-Expanded complex Added TERM Rpd3L-Expanded complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070211 Snt2C complex Added TERM Snt2C complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070212 protein poly-ADP-ribosylation Added TERM protein amino acid poly-ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070213 protein auto-ADP-ribosylation Added TERM protein amino acid auto-ADP-ribosylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070214 CSK-GAP-A.p62 complex Added TERM CSK-GAP-A.p62 complex
2009-01-12 GO:0070215 MDM2 binding Added TERM MDM2 binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070216 MDM4 binding Added TERM MDM4 binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070217 transcription factor TFIIIB complex assembly Added TERM transcription factor TFIIIB complex assembly
2009-01-12 GO:0070218 sulfide ion homeostasis Added TERM sulfide ion homeostasis
2009-01-12 GO:0070219 cellular sulfide ion homeostasis Added TERM cellular sulfide ion homeostasis
2009-01-12 GO:0070220 aerobic sulfur oxidation Added TERM aerobic sulfur oxidation
2009-01-12 GO:0070221 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase Added TERM sulfide oxidation, using sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase
2009-01-12 GO:0070222 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide dehydrogenase Added TERM sulfide oxidation, using sulfide dehydrogenase
2009-01-12 GO:0070223 sulfide oxidation, using sulfur dioxygenase Added TERM sulfide oxidation, using sulfur dioxygenase
2009-01-12 GO:0070224 sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase activity Added TERM sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070225 sulfide dehydrogenase activity Added TERM sulfide dehydrogenase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070226 sulfur:ferric ion oxidoreductase activity Added TERM sulfur:ferric ion oxidoreductase activity
2009-01-12 GO:0060378 regulation of brood size Added TERM regulation of brood size
2009-01-12 GO:0060379 cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation Added TERM cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation
2009-01-12 GO:0060380 regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added TERM regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0060381 positive regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added TERM positive regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0060382 regulation of DNA strand elongation Added TERM regulation of DNA strand elongation
2009-01-12 GO:0060383 positive regulation of DNA strand elongation Added TERM positive regulation of DNA strand elongation
2009-01-12 GO:0060384 innervation Added TERM innervation
2009-01-12 GO:0060385 axonogenesis involved in innervation Added TERM axonogenesis involved in innervation
2009-01-12 GO:0060386 synapse assembly involved in innervation Added TERM synaptogenesis involved in innervation
2009-01-12 GO:0060387 fertilization envelope Added TERM fertilization envelope
2009-01-12 GO:0060388 vitelline envelope Added TERM vitelline envelope
2009-01-12 GO:0060394 negative regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added TERM negative regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation
2009-01-12 GO:0060395 SMAD protein signal transduction Added TERM SMAD protein signal transduction
2009-01-12 GO:0060396 growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060397 JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway Added TERM JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060398 regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060399 positive regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM positive regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060400 negative regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added TERM negative regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway
2009-01-12 GO:0060401 cytosolic calcium ion transport Added TERM cytosolic calcium ion transport
2009-01-12 GO:0060402 calcium ion transport into cytosol Added TERM calcium ion transport into cytosol
2009-01-12 GO:0060403 post-mating oviposition Added TERM post-mating oviposition
2009-01-12 GO:0060404 axonemal microtubule depolymerization Added TERM axonemal microtubule depolymerization
2009-01-12 GO:0070180 large ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added TERM LSU rRNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070181 small ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added TERM SSU rRNA binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070182 DNA polymerase binding Added TERM DNA polymerase binding
2009-01-12 GO:0070183 mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added TERM mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA aminoacylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070184 mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added TERM mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA aminoacylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070185 mitochondrial valyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added TERM mitochondrial valyl-tRNA aminoacylation
2009-01-12 GO:0070186 growth hormone activity Added TERM growth hormone activity
2009-01-12 GO:0070187 telosome Added TERM shelterin complex
2009-01-12 GO:0080027 response to herbivore Added TERM response to herbivore
2009-01-12 GO:0080028 nitrile biosynthetic process Added TERM nitrile biosynthetic process

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2009-01-12 GO:0060390 regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0060391 positive regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0060392 negative regulation of SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0060393 regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0060395 SMAD protein signal transduction Added DEFINITION x.
2009-01-12 GO:0060396 growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060397 JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The process by which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) are activated by members of the JAK (janus activated kinase) family of tyrosine kinases, following the binding of physiological ligands to the growth hormone receptor. Once activated, STATs dimerize and translocate to the nucleus and modulate the expression of target genes.
2009-01-12 GO:0033056 D-ornithine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-ornithine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid ornithine, i.e. (2R)-2,5-diaminopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033482 D-galacturonate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galacturonate, the D-enantiomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033698 Rpd3L complex Added DEFINITION A histone deacetylase complex which deacetylates histones across gene coding regions. Composed of a catalytic histone deacetylase subunit, an Sds-3 family protein, a SIN3 family co-repressor, a WD repeat protein, and a zf- PHD finger (Clr6, Sds3, Pst1, Prw1, Png2 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe; Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Pho23p, Sap30p, Sds3p, Cti6p, Rxt2p, Rxt3p, Dep1p, Ume6p and Ash1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae).
2009-01-12 GO:0034661 ncRNA catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of non-coding RNA transcripts (ncRNAs). Includes the breakdown of cryptic unstable transcripts (CUTs).
2009-01-12 GO:0042571 immunoglobulin complex, circulating Added DEFINITION An immunoglobulin complex that is secreted into extracellular space and found in mucosal areas or other tissues or circulating in the blood or lymph. In its canonical form, a circulating immunoglobulin complex is composed of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains, held together by disulfide bonds. Some forms of are polymers of the basic structure and contain additional components such as J-chain and the secretory component.
2009-01-12 GO:0042752 regulation of circadian rhythm Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a circadian rhythm. A circadian rhythm is a biological process in an organism that recurs with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2009-01-12 GO:0042836 D-glucarate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate. D-glucarate is derived from either D-glucose or L-gulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042837 D-glucarate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042838 D-glucarate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042839 D-glucuronate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042840 D-glucuronate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0030004 cellular monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic cations at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030005 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of divalent or trivalent cations at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030007 cellular potassium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of potassium ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030026 cellular manganese ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of manganese ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030319 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of divalent or trivalent inorganic anions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030320 cellular monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic anions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030324 lung development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
2009-01-12 GO:0042940 D-amino acid transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of the dextrorotatory isomer of an amino acid into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0051480 cytosolic calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the cytosol of a cell or between the cytosol and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0019571 D-arabinose catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-arabinose, the dextrorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose.
2009-01-12 GO:0046372 D-arabinose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arabinose, the dextrorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose. D-arabinose occurs in plant glycosides and is a constituent of arabinonucleosides.
2009-01-12 GO:0042872 D-galactarate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019582 D-galactarate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046393 D-galactarate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042877 D-galactarate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of the anion of galactaric acid, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042871 D-galactarate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactarate into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactarate is the dextrorotatory isomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042881 D-galactonate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galactonate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042875 D-galactonate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galactonate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0033482 D-galacturonate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galacturonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019698 D-galacturonate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-galacturonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046396 D-galacturonate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galacturonate, the dextrorotatory isomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid. D-galacturonic acid is a component of plant gums and bacterial cell walls.
2009-01-12 GO:0042837 D-glucarate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042838 D-glucarate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042836 D-glucarate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate. D-glucarate is derived from either D-glucose or L-gulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042878 D-glucarate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042870 D-glucarate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucarate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucarate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0010291 carotene beta-ring hydroxylase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of C3-hydroxylation reaction of the beta-ring of various carotenes.
2009-01-12 GO:0032221 Rpd3S complex Deleted DEFINITION A eukaryotically conserved histone deacetylase complex which deacetylates histones preferentially in promoter regions. Composed of a catalytic histone deacetylase subunit, a chromodomain protein, a SIN3 family co-repressor, and a WD repeat protein (Clr6p, Alp13p, Pst2p, and Prw1p respectively in Schizosaccharomyces; homologs thereof in other species).
2009-01-12 GO:0055070 copper ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of copper ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055080 cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cations.
2009-01-12 GO:0055076 transition metal ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of transition metal ions within an organism or cell. A transition metal is an element whose atom has an incomplete d-subshell of extranuclear electrons, or which gives rise to a cation or cations with an incomplete d-subshell. Transition metals often have more than one valency state. Biologically relevant transition metals include vanadium, manganese, iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum and silver.
2009-01-12 GO:0055078 sodium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sodium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055079 aluminum ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of aluminum ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055080 cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cations within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055081 anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of anions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055083 monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic anions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0060378 regulation of brood size Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the extent of brood size. Brood size is the number of progeny that survive embryogenesis and are cared for at one time.
2009-01-12 GO:0060379 cardiac muscle cell myoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a cardiac myoblast. A cardiac myoblast is a stem cell that retains the ability to divide and proliferate throughout life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into cardiac muscle cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0060380 regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of binding to single-stranded telomeric DNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0060381 positive regulation of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of single-stranded telomeric DNA binding.
2009-01-12 GO:0060382 regulation of DNA strand elongation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of DNA strand elongation. DNA strand elongation is the DNA metabolic process by which a DNA strand is synthesized by adding nucleotides to the 3' end of an existing DNA stand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060383 positive regulation of DNA strand elongation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of DNA strand elongation. DNA strand elongation is the DNA metabolic process by which a DNA strand is synthesized by adding nucleotides to the 3' end of an existing DNA stand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060384 innervation Added DEFINITION The process by which a nerve invades a tissue and makes functional synaptic connection within the tissue.
2009-01-12 GO:0060385 axonogenesis involved in innervation Added DEFINITION The neurite development process that generates a long process of a neuron, as it invades a target tissue.
2009-01-12 GO:0060386 synapse assembly involved in innervation Added DEFINITION The biosynthesis of a synapse within a target tissue in which a nerve is invading.
2009-01-12 GO:0060387 fertilization envelope Added DEFINITION A structure that lies outside the plasma membrane and surrounds the egg. The fertilization envelope forms from the vitelline membrane after fertilization as a result of cortical granule release.
2009-01-12 GO:0060388 vitelline envelope Added DEFINITION A glycoprotein-based structure that lies outside the plasma membrane and surrounds the egg before fertilization.
2009-01-12 GO:0060389 pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a pathway restricted SMAD protein. A pathway restricted SMAD protein is an effector protein that acts directly downstream of the transforming growth factor family receptor.
2009-01-12 GO:0070176 DRM complex Added DEFINITION A transcriptional repressor complex that contains the lin-9, lin-35, lin-37, lin-52, lin-53, lin-5is involved in 4-, dpl-1 and efl-1 proteins, and is involveed in cell fate specification.
2009-01-12 GO:0070178 D-serine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-serine, the D-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070179 D-serine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-serine, the D-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid. D-serine is often formed by racemization of L-serine.
2009-01-12 GO:0070180 large ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the large ribosomal subunit RNA (LSU rRNA), a constituent of the large ribosomal subunit. In S. cerevisiae, this is the 25S rRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070181 small ribosomal subunit rRNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the small ribosomal subunit RNA (SSU rRNA), a constituent of the large ribosomal subunit. In S. cerevisiae, this is the 18S rRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070182 DNA polymerase binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a DNA polymerase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070183 mitochondrial tryptophanyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added DEFINITION The process of coupling tryptophan to tryptophanyl-tRNA in a mitochondrion, catalyzed by tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase. In tRNA aminoacylation, the amino acid is first activated by linkage to AMP and then transferred to either the 2'- or the 3'-hydroxyl group of the 3'-adenosine residue of the tRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070184 mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added DEFINITION The process of coupling threonine to tyrosyl-tRNA in a mitochondrion, catalyzed by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. In tRNA aminoacylation, the amino acid is first activated by linkage to AMP and then transferred to either the 2'- or the 3'-hydroxyl group of the 3'-adenosine residue of the tRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070185 mitochondrial valyl-tRNA aminoacylation Added DEFINITION The process of coupling valine to valyl-tRNA in a mitochondrion, catalyzed by valyl-tRNA synthetase. In tRNA aminoacylation, the amino acid is first activated by linkage to AMP and then transferred to either the 2'- or the 3'-hydroxyl group of the 3'-adenosine residue of the tRNA.
2009-01-12 GO:0070186 growth hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of growth hormone, a peptide hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary or the placenta into the circulation, and binds to membrane receptors in target tissues to stimulate body growth.
2009-01-12 GO:0070187 telosome Added DEFINITION A nuclear telomere cap complex that is formed by the association of the shelterin protein (POT1 or a homolog thereof) and several other proteins with telomeric DNA. The complex contains TRF1, TRF2, POT1, RAP1, TIN2 and TPP1 in mammalian cells, and Pot1, Tpz1, Ccq1, Poz1, and Rap1 in Schizosaccharomyces.
2009-01-12 GO:0070188 Stn1-Ten1 complex Added DEFINITION A nuclear telomere cap complex that is formed by the association of the Stn1 and Ten1 proteins with telomeric DNA; in some species a third protein is present.
2009-01-12 GO:0070189 kynurenine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving kynurenine, the amino acid 3-(2-aminobenzoyl)-alanine.
2009-01-12 GO:0070190 inositol hexakisphosphate 1-kinase or 3-kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate = ADP + 1-diphospho-1D-myo-inositol (2,3,4,5,6)pentakisphosphate or ATP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate = ADP + 3-diphospho-1D-myo-inositol (1,2,4,5,6)pentakisphosphate.
2009-01-12 GO:0070191 methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Catalysis of the reaction: L-methionine R-oxide + thioredoxin = L-methionine + thioredoxin disulfide; can act on free oxidized methionine with specificity for the R enantiomer; does not act on oxidized methionine in peptide linkage. Thioredoxin disulfide is the oxidized form of thioredoxin.
2009-01-12 GO:0070192 chromosome organization involved in meiosis Added DEFINITION A process of chromosome organization that is involved in meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0070193 synaptonemal complex organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a synaptonemal complex. A synaptonemal complex is a proteinaceous scaffold formed between homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0070194 synaptonemal complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The controlled breakdown of a synaptonemal complex.
2009-01-12 GO:0070195 growth hormone receptor complex Added DEFINITION A receptor complex that consists of two identical subunits and binds growth hormone.
2009-01-12 GO:0046396 D-galacturonate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galacturonate, the D-enantiomer of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid. D-galacturonic acid is a component of plant gums and bacterial cell walls.
2009-01-12 GO:0046410 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate + isochorismate = 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate + pyruvate + CO2.
2009-01-12 GO:0046416 D-amino acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-amino acids, the D-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0046436 D-alanine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-alanine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046437 D-amino acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-amino acids, the D-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0030354 melanin-concentrating hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of melanin-concentrating hormone, a cyclic peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, induces melanin aggregation in melanocytes, and is also involved in regulating food intake and energy balance in mammals.
2009-01-12 GO:0030632 D-alanine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-alanine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0030641 regulation of cellular pH Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of hydrogen ions (protons) within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030642 cellular sulfate ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sulfate ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030643 cellular phosphate ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of phosphate ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0030644 cellular chloride ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of chloride ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0032221 Rpd3S complex Added DEFINITION A eukaryotically conserved histone deacetylase complex which deacetylates histones preferentially in promoter regions. Composed of a catalytic histone deacetylase subunit, a chromodomain protein, a SIN3 family co-repressor, and a WD repeat protein (Clr6p, Alp13p, Pst2p, and Prw1p respectively in Schizosaccharomyces; Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Rco1p and Eaf3 in Saccharomyces; homologs thereof in other species).
2009-01-12 GO:0032468 Golgi calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions within the Golgi apparatus of a cell or between the Golgi and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0032469 endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions within the endoplasmic reticulum of a cell or between the endoplasmic reticulum and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0033053 D-glutamine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid glutamine, i.e. (2R)-2,5-diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033054 D-glutamate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamate, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid glutamate, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033055 D-arginine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arginine, the D-enantiomer of the amino acid arginine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-5-(carbamimidamido)pentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070196 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 complex.
2009-01-12 GO:0070197 attachment of telomeric heterochromatin to nuclear envelope Added DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby physical connections are formed between telomeres and the nuclear envelope, facilitating bouquet formation.
2009-01-12 GO:0042841 D-glucuronate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042849 L-sorbose biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-sorbose, the L-enantiomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose. L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol.
2009-01-12 GO:0042850 L-sorbose catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-sorbose, the L-enantiomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042851 L-alanine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042852 L-alanine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042853 L-alanine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042870 D-glucarate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042871 D-galactarate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactarate into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactarate is the D-enantiomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042872 D-galactarate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-galactarate, the D-enantiomer of the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042874 D-glucuronate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042875 D-galactonate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-galactonate, the D-enantiomer of galactonate, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042877 D-galactarate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactarate, the D-enantiomer of the anion of galactaric acid, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042878 D-glucarate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucarate, the D-enantiomer of glucarate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042880 D-glucuronate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucuronate, the D-enantiomer of glucuronate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042881 D-galactonate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-galactonate, the D-enantiomer of galactonate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042882 L-arabinose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arabinose, the L-enantiomer of arabinose, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042940 D-amino acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of the D-enantiomer of an amino acid into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042941 D-alanine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-alanine, the D-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042942 D-serine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of D-serine, the D-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042943 D-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-amino acids from one side of a membrane to the other. D-amino acids are the D-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0042944 D-alanine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-alanine from one side of a membrane to the other. D-alanine is the D-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042945 D-serine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. D-serine is the D-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0043091 L-arginine import Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arginine, the L-enantiomec of 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0043092 L-amino acid import Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-enantiomer amino acids into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0043235 receptor complex Added DEFINITION Any protein complex that undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-12 GO:0060394 negative regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of SMAD protein nuclear translocation. SMAD protein nuclear translocation is the vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0032468 Golgi calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the Golgi apparatus of a cell or between the Golgi and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0055064 chloride ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of chloride ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0000075 cell cycle checkpoint Deleted DEFINITION A point in the eukaryotic cell cycle where progress through the cycle can be halted until conditions are suitable for the cell to proceed to the next stage.
2009-01-12 GO:0046440 L-lysine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-lysine, the levorotatory isomer of (S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019324 L-lyxose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-lyxose, the levorotatory isomer of aldopentose lyxo-pentose, the C-2 epimer of xylose.
2009-01-12 GO:0019680 L-methylmalonyl-CoA biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-methylmalonyl-CoA, the levorotatory isomer of 2-carboxypropanoyl-CoA.
2009-01-12 GO:0046491 L-methylmalonyl-CoA metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-methylmalonyl-CoA, the levorotatory isomer of 2-carboxypropanoyl-CoA. S-methylmalonyl-CoA is an intermediate in the beta oxidation of odd-numbered fatty acids in animals.
2009-01-12 GO:0009094 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006558 L-phenylalanine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-phenylalanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015194 L-serine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-serine is the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015825 L-serine transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-serine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042849 L-sorbose biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-sorbose, the levorotatory isomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose. L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol.
2009-01-12 GO:0042850 L-sorbose catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-sorbose, the levorotatory isomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose.
2009-01-12 GO:0019312 L-sorbose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving sorbose, the levorotatory isomer of the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose. L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol.
2009-01-12 GO:0055065 metal ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of metal ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0006344 maintenance of chromatin silencing Deleted DEFINITION The maintenance of chromatin in a transciptionally silent heterochromatin state.
2009-01-12 GO:0070198 protein localization to chromosome, telomeric region Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained at, the telomeric region of a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070199 establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein to a specific location on a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070200 establishment of protein localization to telomere Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein to a specific location in the telomeric region of a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070201 regulation of establishment of protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein to a specific location.
2009-01-12 GO:0070202 regulation of establishment of protein localization to chromosome Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein to a specific location on a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070203 regulation of establishment of protein localization to telomere Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein to a specific location in the telomeric region of a chromosome.
2009-01-12 GO:0070204 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isochorismate + 2-oxoglutarate = 5-enolpyruvoyl-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohex-3-ene-1-carboxylate + CO2.
2009-01-12 GO:0070205 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-enolpyruvoyl-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohex-3-ene-1-carboxylate = (1R,6R)-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohexa-2,4-diene-1-carboxylate + pyruvate.
2009-01-12 GO:0070206 protein trimerization Added DEFINITION The formation of a protein trimer, a macromolecular structure consisting of three noncovalently associated identical or nonidentical subunits.
2009-01-12 GO:0070207 protein homotrimerization Added DEFINITION The formation of a protein homotrimer, a macromolecular structure consisting of three noncovalently associated identical subunits.
2009-01-12 GO:0070208 protein heterotrimerization Added DEFINITION The formation of a protein heterotrimer, a macromolecular structure consisting of three noncovalently associated subunits, of which not all are identical.
2009-01-12 GO:0070209 ASTRA complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that is part of the chromatin remodeling machinery; the acronym stands for ASsembly of Tel, Rvb and Atm-like kinase. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae this complex includes Rvb1p, Rvb2p, Tra1p, Tel2p, Asa1p, Ttilp and Tti2p.
2009-01-12 GO:0070210 Rpd3L-Expanded complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that contains a histone deacetyltransferase and is part of the chromatin remodeling machinery. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae this complex contains the Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Pho23p, Sap30p, Sds3p, Cti6p, Rxt2p, Rxt3p, Dep1p, Ume6p, Ash1p, Dot6p, Snt1, Sif2p, Set3p, Hos2p, Tos4p and Tod6p proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0070211 Snt2C complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that is part of the chromatin remodeling machinery. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae this complex contains Snt2p, Ecm5p and Rpd3p.
2009-01-12 GO:0070212 protein poly-ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION The transfer of multiple ADP-ribose residues from NAD to a protein amino acid, forming a poly(ADP-ribose) chain.
2009-01-12 GO:0070213 protein auto-ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION The ADP-ribosylation by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues, or residues on an identical protein.
2009-01-12 GO:0070214 CSK-GAP-A.p62 complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that contains the protein-tyrosine kinase CSK and the GTPase-activating protein (GAP)-associated p62 (GAP-A.p62); may mediate translocation of proteins, including GAP and CSK, to membrane or cytoskeletal regions upon c-Src activation.
2009-01-12 GO:0070215 MDM2 binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any isoform of the MDM2 protein, a negative regulator of p53.
2009-01-12 GO:0070216 MDM4 binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any isoform of the MDM4 protein, a negative regulator of p53.
2009-01-12 GO:0070217 transcription factor TFIIIB complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a transcription factor TFIIIB complex.
2009-01-12 GO:0070218 sulfide ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sulfide ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0070219 cellular sulfide ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sulfide ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0070220 aerobic sulfur oxidation Added DEFINITION A sulfur oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfur dioxygenase, and requires the presence of oxygen.
2009-01-12 GO:0070221 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase Added DEFINITION A sulfide oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070222 sulfide oxidation, using sulfide dehydrogenase Added DEFINITION A sulfide oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfide dehydrogenase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070223 sulfide oxidation, using sulfur dioxygenase Added DEFINITION A sulfide oxidation process that proceeds via the reaction catalyzed by sulfur dioxygenase.
2009-01-12 GO:0070224 sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrogen sulfide + a quinone = S0 + a hydroquinone.
2009-01-12 GO:0070225 sulfide dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrogen sulfide + oxidized cytochrome c = S0 + reduced cytochrome c
2009-01-12 GO:0070226 sulfur:ferric ion oxidoreductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a perthiol + 4 Fe3+ + 3 H2O <=> sulfite + a thiol + 4 Fe2+ + 8 H+.
2009-01-12 GO:0080027 response to herbivore Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a herbivore.
2009-01-12 GO:0080028 nitrile biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a nitrile, an organic compound containing trivalent nitrogen attached to one carbon atom.
2009-01-12 GO:0043426 MRF binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with Myogenic Regulatory Factor (MRF), a member of the basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) superfamily of transcription factors.
2009-01-12 GO:0043962 negative regulation by host of symbiont adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the symbiont organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0043963 modulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0043964 positive regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0043965 negative regulation by symbiont of host adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of adenylate cyclase-mediated signal transduction in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2009-01-12 GO:0045128 negative regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0045240 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase activity.
2009-01-12 GO:0046372 D-arabinose metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arabinose, the D-enantiomer of arabino-pentose. D-arabinose occurs in plant glycosides and is a constituent of arabinonucleosides.
2009-01-12 GO:0046373 L-arabinose metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-arabinose, the D-enantiomer of arabino-pentose. L-arabinose occurs free, e.g. in the heartwood of many conifers, and in the combined state, in both furanose and pyranose forms, as a constituent of various plant hemicelluloses, bacterial polysaccharides etc.
2009-01-12 GO:0046393 D-galactarate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-galactarate, the D-enantiomer of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0060398 regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of the growth hormone receptor signaling pathway. The growth hormone receptor signaling pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060399 positive regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of the growth hormone receptor signaling pathway. The growth hormone receptor signaling pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060400 negative regulation of growth hormone receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of the growth hormone receptor signaling pathway. The growth hormone receptor signaling pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of growth hormone receptor binding to its physiological ligand.
2009-01-12 GO:0060401 cytosolic calcium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of calcium ions (Ca2+) into, out of or within the cytosol.
2009-01-12 GO:0060402 calcium ion transport into cytosol Added DEFINITION The directed movement of calcium ions (Ca2+) into the cytosol.
2009-01-12 GO:0060403 post-mating oviposition Added DEFINITION The deposition of eggs, either fertilized or not, upon a surface or into a medium, following mating.
2009-01-12 GO:0060404 axonemal microtubule depolymerization Added DEFINITION The removal of tubulin heterodimers from one or both ends of an axonemal microtubule. An axonemal microtubule is a microtubule in the axoneme of a cilium or flagellum; an axoneme contains nine modified doublet microtubules surrounding a pair of single microtubules.
2009-01-12 GO:0006343 establishment of chromatin silencing Added DEFINITION The initial formation of a transcriptionally silent chromatin structure such as heterochromatin.
2009-01-12 GO:0006344 maintenance of chromatin silencing Added DEFINITION The maintenance of chromatin in a transciptionally silent state such as heterochromatin.
2009-01-12 GO:0019815 B cell receptor complex Deleted DEFINITION A membrane-bound antigen receptor complex consisting in its basic form of an antigen-binding subunit (the membrane immunoglobulin or mIg), comprised of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains held together by disulfide bonds, and a signaling subunit, a heterodimer of the Ig-alpha and Ig-beta proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0045240 dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase complex Deleted DEFINITION Complex that possesses alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase activity.
2009-01-12 GO:0055079 aluminum ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of aluminum ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0043235 receptor complex Deleted DEFINITION Any protein group composed of two or more subunits, which may or may not be identical, which undergoes combination with a hormone, neurotransmitter, drug or intracellular messenger to initiate a change in cell function.
2009-01-12 GO:0055075 potassium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of potassium ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0010520 regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0048042 regulation of post-mating oviposition Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of egg-laying, following mating.
2009-01-12 GO:0006885 regulation of pH Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the internal pH of an organism, part of an organism or a cell, measured by the concentration of the hydrogen ion.
2009-01-12 GO:0030641 regulation of cellular pH Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of hydrogen ions (protons) within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0042752 regulation of circadian rhythm Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a circadian rhythm behavior.
2009-01-12 GO:0005179 hormone activity Deleted DEFINITION The action characteristic of a hormone, any substance formed in very small amounts in one specialized organ or group of cells and carried (sometimes in the bloodstream) to another organ or group of cells in the same organism, upon which it has a specific regulatory action. The term was originally applied to agents with a stimulatory physiological action in vertebrate animals (as opposed to a chalone, which has a depressant action). Usage is now extended to regulatory compounds in lower animals and plants, and to synthetic substances having comparable effects.
2009-01-12 GO:0055062 phosphate ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of phosphate ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0005904 plasma membrane lipid bilayer Deleted DEFINITION The phospholipid membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment, excluding intergral and associated proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix Deleted DEFINITION The material contained within the membrane of a peroxisome; in many cells the matrix contains a crystalloid core largely composed of urate oxidase.
2009-01-12 GO:0045128 negative regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0006343 establishment of chromatin silencing Deleted DEFINITION The initial formation of transcriptionally silent heterochromatin.
2009-01-12 GO:0016913 follicle-stimulating hormone activity Deleted DEFINITION A gonadotrophic glycoprotein hormone secreted, in mammals, by the anterior pituitary gland.
2009-01-12 GO:0006563 L-serine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-serine, the L-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006564 L-serine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-serine, the L-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0055061 di-, tri-valent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic anions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055066 di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic cations.
2009-01-12 GO:0046659 digestive hormone activity Deleted DEFINITION A hormone that takes part in the digestion process.
2009-01-12 GO:0055056 D-glucose transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of the dextrorotatory isomer of the hexose monosaccharide glucose from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0055055 D-glucose:proton symporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: D-glucose + H+ = D-glucose + H+. Symporter activity enables the active transport of a solute across a membrane by a mechanism whereby two or more species are transported together in the same direction in a tightly coupled process not directly linked to a form of energy other than chemiosmotic energy. D-glucose is the dextrorotatory isomer of glucose.
2009-01-12 GO:0042841 D-glucuronate biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042840 D-glucuronate catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042839 D-glucuronate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate.
2009-01-12 GO:0042880 D-glucuronate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate, from one side of the membrane to the other.
2009-01-12 GO:0042874 D-glucuronate transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-glucuronate, the dextrorotatory isomer of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0042945 D-serine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of D-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. D-serine is the dextrorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042942 D-serine transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of D-serine, the dextrorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0032469 endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the endoplasmic reticulum of a cell or between the endoplasmic reticulum and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0046410 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate + isochorismate = 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate + pyruvate + CO2.
2009-01-12 GO:0055081 anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of anions.
2009-01-12 GO:0051560 mitochondrial calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the cytoplasm of a cell or between mitochondria and their surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0042852 L-alanine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042853 L-alanine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0042851 L-alanine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015180 L-alanine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-alanine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015808 L-alanine transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0043092 L-amino acid import Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of levorotatory isomer amino acids into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0030324 lung development Deleted DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lung over time, from its formation to the mature structure. In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the oesophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive sac-like character, but in the higher forms the connection with the oesophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax.
2009-01-12 GO:0015179 L-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of an L-amino acid from one side of a membrane to the other. L-amino acids are the levorotatory isomer of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0055083 monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic anions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055067 monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic cations.
2009-01-12 GO:0055071 manganese ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of manganese ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0043426 MRF binding Deleted DEFINITION Interacting selectively with Myogenic Regulatory Factor (MRF), a member of the basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) superfamily of trascription factors.
2009-01-12 GO:0015807 L-amino acid transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of levorotatory isomer amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0019572 L-arabinose catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-arabinose, the levorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose.
2009-01-12 GO:0046373 L-arabinose metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-arabinose, the levorotatory isomer of arabino-pentose. L-arabinose occurs free, e.g. in the heartwood of many conifers, and in the combined state, in both furanose and pyranose forms, as a constituent of various plant hemicelluloses, bacterial polysaccharides etc.
2009-01-12 GO:0042882 L-arabinose transport Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arabinose, the levorotatory isomer of arabinose, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0043091 L-arginine import Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-arginine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0015182 L-asparagine transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-asparagine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-asparagine is the levorotatory isomer of alpha-aminosuccinamic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019448 L-cysteine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-cysteine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046439 L-cysteine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-cysteine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015626 L-diaminopimelate transmembrane transporter activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-diaminopimelate from one side of a membrane to the other. L-diaminopimelate is the levorotatory isomer anion of 2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0051938 L-glutamate import Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of L-glutamate, the levorotatory isomer of the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid, into a cell or organelle.
2009-01-12 GO:0019477 L-lysine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-lysine, the levorotatory isomer of (S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019814 immunoglobulin complex Deleted DEFINITION A multiprotein complex that functions as an antibody. Immunoglobulins (Igs) are composed of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains, held together by disulfide bonds. The classes of Ig are IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG and IgM; they may be embedded in the plasma membrane or circulate in the blood or lymph.
2009-01-12 GO:0042571 immunoglobulin complex, circulating Deleted DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that functions as an antibody and circulates in the blood, lymph, mucosal areas, and other fluids of the body. In its basic form, circulating immunoglobulin is composed of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains, held together by disulfide bonds. Some forms are polymers of the basic structure and contain additional components such as J-chain and the secretory component.
2009-01-12 GO:0001957 intramembranous ossification Deleted DEFINITION The formation of bone in which osteoblasts secrete a collage-proteoglycan matrix that binds calcium salts and becomes calcified. Intramembranous ossification is the way flat bones and the shell of a turtle are formed.
2009-01-12 GO:0055072 iron ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of iron ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0006879 cellular iron ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of iron ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006882 cellular zinc ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of zinc ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006883 cellular sodium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sodium ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006885 regulation of pH Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of hydrogen ions, thereby modulating the internal pH, within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0007036 vacuolar calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions in the vacuole or between a vacuole and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0007182 common-partner SMAD protein phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a common-partner SMAD protein. A common partner SMAD protein binds to pathway-restricted SMAD proteins forming a complex that tranlocates to the nucleus.
2009-01-12 GO:0007184 SMAD protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION The vectorial transfer of a SMAD proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, through the nuclear pore. Pathway-restricted SMAD proteins and common-partner SMAD proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathways.
2009-01-12 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Added DEFINITION Any biological process in an organism that recurs with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2009-01-12 GO:0008031 eclosion hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of eclosion hormone, a peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, triggers the death of certain muscles and neurons during insect metamorphosis.
2009-01-12 GO:0008255 ecdysis-triggering hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of ecdysis-triggering hormone, a peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, initiates pre-ecdysis and ecdysis (i.e. cuticle shedding) through direct action on the central nervous system.
2009-01-12 GO:0008437 thyrotropin-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), a hormone released by the mammalian hypothalamus into the hypophyseal-portal circulation in response to neural and/or chemical stimuli. Upon receptor binding, TRH increases the secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone by the anterior pituitary.
2009-01-12 GO:0008613 diuretic hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of a diuretic hormone, any peptide hormone that, upon receptor binding, regulates water balance and fluid secretion.
2009-01-12 GO:0009094 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0009381 excinuclease ABC activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of ester linkages within deoxyribonucleic acid at sites flanking regions of damaged DNA to which the Uvr ABC excinuclease complexes bind.
2009-01-12 GO:0009979 16:0 monogalactosyldiacylglycerol desaturase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the introduction of an omega-3 double bond into an unsaturated 16-carbon fatty acid in a monogalactosyldiacylglycerol molecule.
2009-01-12 GO:0010217 cellular aluminum ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of aluminum ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0010291 carotene beta-ring hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of C3-hydroxylation of the beta-ring of various carotenes.
2009-01-12 GO:0010520 regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0010835 regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation. Protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation is the transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to protein amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0010836 negative regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the frequency, rate or extent of protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation. Protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation is the transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to protein amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0010837 regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of keratinocyte proliferation. Keratinocyte proliferation is the multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2009-01-12 GO:0010838 positive regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the rate, frequency or extent of keratinocyte proliferation. Keratinocyte proliferation is the multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2009-01-12 GO:0010849 regulation of proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate of ATP hydrolysis by an ATPase. Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + H+(in) = ADP + phosphate + H+(out), by a rotational mechanism.
2009-01-12 GO:0015179 L-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of an L-amino acid from one side of a membrane to the other. L-amino acids are the L-enantiomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0015180 L-alanine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-alanine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-alanine is the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015182 L-asparagine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-asparagine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-asparagine is the L-enantiomer of alpha-aminosuccinamic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015194 L-serine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-serine from one side of a membrane to the other. L-serine is the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015626 L-diaminopimelate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of L-diaminopimelate from one side of a membrane to the other. L-diaminopimelate is the L-enantiomer anion of 2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0015807 L-amino acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-enantiomer amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0015808 L-alanine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-alanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0006558 L-phenylalanine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-phenylalanine, the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006563 L-serine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving L-serine, the L-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006564 L-serine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-serine, the L-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006565 L-serine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-serine, the L-enantiomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0006873 cellular ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006874 cellular calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0006875 cellular metal ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of metal ions at the level of a cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0051291 protein heterooligomerization Deleted DEFINITION The process of creating protein oligomers, compounds composed of a small number, usually between three and ten, of nonidentical component monomers. Oligomers may be formed by the polymerization of a number of monomers or the depolymerization of a large protein polymer.
2009-01-12 GO:0051290 protein heterotetramerization Deleted DEFINITION The formation of a protein tetramer, a macromolecular structure consisting of four noncovalently associated nonidentical subunits.
2009-01-12 GO:0051563 smooth endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within the smooth endoplasmic reticulum of a cell or between the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0055063 sulfate ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of sulfate ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055078 sodium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of sodium ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0034661 ncRNA catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of non-coding RNA transcripts (ncRNAs). Includes the breakdown of cryptic unstable trascripts (CUTs).
2009-01-12 GO:0019476 D-lysine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-lysine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of lysine; i.e. (2R)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019478 D-amino acid catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of D-amino acids, the D-configuration stereoisomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0030632 D-alanine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-alanine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033053 D-glutamine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid glutamine, i.e. (2R)-2,5-diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033054 D-glutamate metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-glutamate, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid glutamate, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033055 D-arginine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-arginine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid arginine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-5-(carbamimidamido)pentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0033056 D-ornithine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-ornithine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid ornithine, i.e. n(2R)-2,5-diaminopentanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046416 D-amino acid metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-amino acids, the D-configuration stereoisomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0046436 D-alanine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-alanine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of the amino acid alanine, i.e. (2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0046437 D-amino acid biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-amino acids, the D-configuration stereoisomers of amino acids.
2009-01-12 GO:0046441 D-lysine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-lysine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of lysine; i.e. (2R)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070178 D-serine metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving D-serine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0070179 D-serine biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of D-serine, the D-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2R)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid. D-serine is often formed by racemization of L-serine.
2009-01-12 GO:0070176 DRM complex Deleted DEFINITION A transcriptional repressor complex that contains the lin-9, lin-35, lin-37, lin-52, lin-53, lin-5is involved in 4-, dpl-1 and efl-1 proteins, and is involveed in cell fate specification.
2009-01-12 GO:0000075 cell cycle checkpoint Added DEFINITION The cell cycle regulatory process by which progression through the cycle can be halted until conditions are suitable for the cell to proceed to the next stage.
2009-01-12 GO:0001957 intramembranous ossification Added DEFINITION The formation of bone in which osteoblasts secrete a collagen-proteoglycan matrix that binds calcium salts and becomes calcified. Intramembranous ossification is the way flat bones and the shell of a turtle are formed.
2009-01-12 GO:0002133 polycystin complex Added DEFINITION A stable heterodimeric complex composed of polycystin-1 and polycystin-2.
2009-01-12 GO:0005179 hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of a hormone, any substance formed in very small amounts in one specialized organ or group of cells and carried (sometimes in the bloodstream) to another organ or group of cells in the same organism, upon which it has a specific regulatory action. The term was originally applied to agents with a stimulatory physiological action in vertebrate animals (as opposed to a chalone, which has a depressant action). Usage is now extended to regulatory compounds in lower animals and plants, and to synthetic substances having comparable effects; all bind receptors and trigger some biological process.
2009-01-12 GO:0005183 gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone (GnRH), any of a family of decapeptide amide hormones that are released by the eleased by the mammalian hypothalamus into the hypophyseal-portal circulation in response to neural and/or chemical stimuli. Upon receptor binding, GnRH causes the release of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone by the anterior pituitary.
2009-01-12 GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix Added DEFINITION MERGED DEFINITION:nTARGET DEFINITION: The material contained within the membrane of a peroxisome; in many cells the matrix contains a crystalloid core largely composed of urate oxidase.n--------------------nSOURCE DEFINITION: The volume enclosed by the membranes of a peroxisome.
2009-01-12 GO:0005904 plasma membrane lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The phospholipid membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment, excluding integral and associated proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0055065 metal ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of metal ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055066 di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of divalent or trivalent cations within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055067 monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of monovalent inorganic cations within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055068 cobalt ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cobalt ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055069 zinc ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of zinc ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055070 copper ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of copper ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055071 manganese ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of manganese ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055072 iron ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of iron ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055073 cadmium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cadmium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055074 calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of calcium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0055075 potassium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of potassium ions within an organism or cell.
2009-01-12 GO:0015825 L-serine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-serine, the L-enantiomer of 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2009-01-12 GO:0016608 growth hormone-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of growth hormone-releasing hormone, any of a family of peptide hormones that act on the anterior pituitary to stimulate the secretion of growth hormone and exert a trophic effect on the gland.
2009-01-12 GO:0016913 follicle-stimulating hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), a gonadotrophic glycoprotein hormone secreted, in mammals, by the anterior pituitary gland. Upon receptor binding, FSH stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in the ovaries in females, and stimulates the epithelium of the seminiferous tubules to increase spermatogenesis.
2009-01-12 GO:0017044 melanocyte-stimulating hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of melanocyte stimulating hormone, any of three peptide hormones that are produced by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland and, upon receptor binding, cause dispersal of melanosomes in melanophores of poikilothermic vertebrates.
2009-01-12 GO:0017045 corticotropin-releasing hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of adrenocorticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), any of a number of peptides released by the mammalian hypothalamus into the hypophyseal-portal circulation in response to neural and/or chemical stimuli. Upon receptor binding, CRH increases the rate of adrenocorticotropin secretion by the anterior pituitary.
2009-01-12 GO:0018445 prothoracicotrophic hormone activity Added DEFINITION The action characteristic of prothoracicotrophic hormone, a peptide hormone that is secreted by the brain and, upon receptor binding, acts on the prothoracic gland to stimulate the release of ecdysone in insects.
2009-01-12 GO:0019378 sulfate assimilation, phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction by an oxidoreductase, acting on sulfur group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor Deleted DEFINITION The pathway by which inorganic sulfate is processed and incorporated into sulfated compounds, where the phosphoadenylyl sulfate reduction step is catalyzed by enzymes of the class EC:1.8.1.-.
2009-01-12 GO:0019421 sulfate reduction, APS pathway Deleted DEFINITION The reduction of sulfate and ATP to adenosine-phosphosulfate (APS) and pyrophosphate. The activated compound APS then participates in a variety of downstream reactions.
2009-01-12 GO:0042411 beta-carotene hydroxylase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydroxylation of both beta rings of beta-carotene to form zeaxanthine.
2009-01-12 GO:0000508 Rpd3L complex Deleted DEFINITION A multisubunit histone deacetylase complex that is involved in transcriptional regulation. In S. cerevisiae, this complex consists of Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Pho23p, Sap30p, Sds3p, Cti6p, Rxt2p, Rxt3p, Dep1p, Ume6p and Ash1p.
2009-01-12 GO:0000509 Rpd3S complex Deleted DEFINITION A multisubunit histone deacetylase complex that is involved in intragenic transcription repression through histone deacetylation. In S. cerevisiae, this complex consists of Rpd3p, Sin3p, Ume1p, Rco1p and Eaf3.
2009-01-12 GO:0031909 peroxisomal lumen Deleted DEFINITION The volume enclosed by the membranes of a peroxisome.
2009-01-12 GO:0060181 female receptivity Deleted DEFINITION The biological process that controls the willingness or readiness of a female to receive male advances.
2009-01-12 GO:0007036 vacuolar calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions in the vacuole or between a vacuole and its surroundings.
2009-01-12 GO:0010839 negative regulation of keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of keratinocyte proliferation. Keratinocyte proliferation is the multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2009-01-12 GO:0010840 regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate, frequency, or extent of the wakeful phase of the circadian sleep/wake cycle. The wakeful phase is the part of the circadian sleep/wake cycle where the organism is not asleep.
2009-01-12 GO:0010841 positive regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, wakefulness Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, or extent of the wakeful phase of the circadian sleep/wake cycle. The wakeful phase is the part of the circadian sleep/wake cycle where the organism is not asleep.
2009-01-12 GO:0010842 retina layer formation Added DEFINITION The process whereby the vertebrate retina is organized into three laminae: the outer nuclear layer (ONL), which contains photoreceptor nuclei; the inner nuclear layer (INL), which contains amacrine, bipolar and horizontal cells; and the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer. Between the inner and outer nuclear layers, the outer plexiform layer (OPL) contains connections between the photoreceptors and bipolar and horizontal cells. The inner plexiform layer (IPL) is positioned between the INL and the ganglion cell layer and contains the dendrites of RGCs and processes of bipolar and amacrine cells. Spanning all layers of the retina are the radially oriented Mller glia.
2009-01-12 GO:0010843 promoter binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively within the regulatory region composed of the transcription start site and binding sites for transcription factor complexes of the basal transcription machinery.
2009-01-12 GO:0010844 recombination hotspot binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a region in a genome which promotes recombination.
2009-01-12 GO:0010845 positive regulation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that increases the frequency, rate or extent of recombination during meiosis. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0010846 activation of reciprocal meiotic recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that starts the inactive process of reciprocal meiotic recombination. Reciprocal meiotic recombination is the cell cycle process whereby double strand breaks are formed and repaired through a double Holliday junction intermediate.
2009-01-12 GO:0010847 regulation of chromatin assembly Added DEFINITION Any process the modulates the frequency, rate or extent of chromatin assembly. Chromatin assembly is the assembly of DNA, histone proteins, and other associated proteins into chromatin structure, beginning with the formation of the basic unit, the nucleosome, followed by organization of the nucleosomes into higher order structures, ultimately giving rise to a complex organization of specific domains within the nucleus.
2009-01-12 GO:0010848 regulation of chromatin disassembly Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of chromatin disassembly. Chromatin disassembly is the controlled breakdown of chromatin from a higher order structure into its simpler subcomponents, DNA, histones, and other proteins.
2009-01-12 GO:0006565 L-serine catabolic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-serine, the L-configuration stereoisomer of serine, i.e. (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid.
2009-01-12 GO:0019417 sulfur oxidation Deleted DEFINITION The addition of oxygen to elemental sulfur.
2009-01-12 GO:0055069 zinc ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of zinc ions.
2009-01-12 GO:0055076 transition metal ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of transition metal ions. A transition metal is an element whose atom has an incomplete d-subshell of extranuclear electrons, or which gives rise to a cation or cations with an incomplete d-subshell. Transition metals often have more than one valency state. Biologically relevant transition metals include vanadium, manganese, iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum and silver.
2009-01-12 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Deleted DEFINITION Any biological process in an organism that recur with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2009-01-12 GO:0010217 cellular aluminum ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of aluminum ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030002 cellular anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of anions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006876 cellular cadmium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cadmium ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006874 cellular calcium ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030003 cellular cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cations within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030644 cellular chloride ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of chloride ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006877 cellular cobalt ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of cobalt ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006878 cellular copper ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of copper ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030319 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic anions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030005 cellular di-, tri-valent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of divalent and trivalent inorganic cations within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006873 cellular ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006879 cellular iron ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of iron ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030026 cellular manganese ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of manganese ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0006875 cellular metal ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of metal ions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030320 cellular monovalent inorganic anion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic anions within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2009-01-12 GO:0030004 cellular monovalent inorganic cation homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of monovalent inorganic cations within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
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