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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2008-05-16

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-16 GO:0034446 substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading Added TERM substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading
2008-05-16 GO:0034447 very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance Added TERM very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance
2008-05-16 GO:0019094 pole plasm mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0045451 pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0007318 pole plasm protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0006958 complement activation, classical pathway Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the classical pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes, the disposal of immune complexes, and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0001867 complement activation, lectin pathway Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the lectin pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0043366 beta selection Deleted DEFINITION The signaling from the pre-T cell receptor complex indicative of successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence and the resulting processes which lead to the rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0048878 chemical homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a chemical.
2008-05-16 GO:0048875 chemical homeostasis within a tissue Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0048876 chemical homeostasis within retina Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0045450 bicoid mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which bicoid mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0008150 biological_process Deleted DEFINITION Those processes specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms. A process is a collection of molecular events with a defined beginning and end.
2008-05-16 GO:0021957 corticospinal tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a pyramidal cell, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in cerebral cortex layer V towards target cells in the gray matter of the spinal cord. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the corticospinal tract.
2008-05-16 GO:0009058 biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The energy-requiring part of metabolism in which simpler substances are transformed into more complex ones, as in growth and other biosynthetic processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051301 cell division Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of a cell into daughter cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0042632 cholesterol homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cholesterol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045453 bone resorption Deleted DEFINITION The physiologic processes by which bone tissue is lost.
2008-05-16 GO:0045454 cell redox homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes that maintain the redox environment of a cell or compartment within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0010073 meristem maintenance Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity, size and shape of a meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0010216 maintenance of DNA methylation Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the methylation state of a nucleotide sequence.
2008-05-16 GO:0051685 maintenance of ER location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the endoplasmic reticulum is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010076 maintenance of floral meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of a floral meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051684 maintenance of Golgi location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the Golgi is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010077 maintenance of inflorescence meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of an inflorescence meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051235 maintenance of location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a cell, substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051659 maintenance of mitochondrion location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a mitochondrion is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051658 maintenance of nucleus location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the nucleus is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051657 maintenance of organelle location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organelle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051906 maintenance of pigment granule location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0019059 initiation of viral infection Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the start of virus infection of cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0033566 gamma-tubulin complex localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a gamma-tubulin complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0048872 homeostasis of number of cells Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048873 homeostasis of number of cells within a tissue Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in a tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0007639 homeostasis of number of meristem cells Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0048877 homeostasis of number of retina cells Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0042592 homeostatic process Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium.
2008-05-16 GO:0048311 mitochondrion distribution Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria between and within cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0051646 mitochondrion localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a mitochondrion or mitochondria are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051179 localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a cell, a substance, or a cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051674 localization of cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a cell is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051668 localization within membrane Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within a membrane.
2008-05-16 GO:0001553 luteinization Deleted DEFINITION Differentiation of theca and granulosa cells into luteal cells. Also other processes involved in the formation of a corpus luteum after ovulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0032400 melanosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a melanosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0007107 membrane addition at site of cytokinesis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the net addition of membrane at the site of cytokinesis; includes vesicle recruitment and fusion, local lipid synthesis and insertion.
2008-05-16 GO:0046778 modification by virus of host mRNA processing Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that interfere with the processing of mRNA in the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046783 modification by virus of host polysomes Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that interfere with and inhibit the assembly and function of polysomes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051665 membrane raft localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which membrane rafts are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. Membrane rafts are small (10-200 nm), heterogeneous, highly dynamic, sterol- and sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains that compartmentalize cellular processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0010336 gibberellic acid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Maintenance of endogenous concentration of primary gibberellic acid equilibrium, or constant level of gibberellic acid in a biological system by a number of biochemical processes including transport, biosynthesis, catabolism and conjugation.
2008-05-16 GO:0010286 heat acclimation Deleted DEFINITION Processes that increase heat tolerance of an organism in response to high temperatures.
2008-05-16 GO:0044419 interspecies interaction between organisms Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an observable effect on an organism of a different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0050892 intestinal absorption Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which nutrients are taken up from the contents of the intestine.
2008-05-16 GO:0042593 glucose homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of glucose within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051703 intraspecies interaction between organisms Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an observable effect on an organism of the same species.
2008-05-16 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2008-05-16 GO:0048312 intracellular distribution of mitochondria Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008298 intracellular mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050801 ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of ions within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042750 hibernation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2008-05-16 GO:0019051 induction by virus of host apoptotic process Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the induction of apoptosis of infected cells, facilitating release and spread of progeny virions.
2008-05-16 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0030722 establishment of oocyte nucleus localization involved in oocyte dorsal/ventral axis specification Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of the nucleus to a specific location within the cell during the establishment and maintenance of the axes of the oocyte. In the insect oocyte, for example, the nucleus is repositioned to a dorso-anterior position.
2008-05-16 GO:0031202 RNA splicing factor activity, transesterification mechanism Deleted DEFINITION An activity which binds RNA and functions to assist splicing of substrate RNA(s) by facilitating the formation and stabilization of a catalytic conformation in which the splice junctions of the RNA(s) to be spliced are positioned for a transesterification reaction that occurs between two sites within the RNA(s) to be spliced.
2008-05-16 GO:0032995 regulation of fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the chitin- and beta-glucan-containing cell wall.
2008-05-16 GO:0034335 DNA supercoiling activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the formation of positive or negative supercoils in a DNA molecule or region thereof; may be associated with a geometric or topological change in the DNA molecule.
2008-05-16 GO:0043043 peptide biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptides, compounds of 2 or more (but usually less than 100) amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another.
2008-05-16 GO:0045292 mRNA cis splicing, via spliceosome Deleted DEFINITION The joining together, after removal of an intervening sequence composed of one or more introns, of two segments of the same RNA molecule via U2-type spliceosomal catalysis to produce an mRNA composed only of exon sequences that all came from the same primary transcript.
2008-05-16 GO:0050000 chromosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a chromosome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0021959 cuneatus tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the cuneatus tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the upper trunk and upper limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0010268 brassinosteroid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of brassinosteroids within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0006884 cell volume homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the equilibrium of a cell's volume. The cell's volume refers to the three-dimensional space occupied by a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042049 cellular acyl-CoA homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of acyl-CoA within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes in an organism that recur with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0051645 Golgi localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the Golgi is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Deleted DEFINITION The homoeostatic processes by which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0051644 plastid localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a plastid is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2008-05-16 GO:0002230 positive regulation of defense response to virus by host Deleted DEFINITION Host processes that result in the promotion of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby limiting viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0009949 polarity specification of anterior/posterior axis Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the establishment of polarity along the anterior/posterior axis.
2008-05-16 GO:0009951 polarity specification of dorsal/ventral axis Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the establishment of polarity along the dorsal/ventral axis.
2008-05-16 GO:0010085 polarity specification of proximal/distal axis Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the establishment of polarity along the proximal/distal axis.
2008-05-16 GO:0019096 pole plasm mitochondrial lrRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial large ribosomal RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0019095 pole plasm mitochondrial rRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial ribosomal RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0019097 pole plasm mitochondrial srRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial small ribosomal RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0009987 cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Processes that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0009992 cellular water homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0052542 defense response by callose deposition Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location during the defense response. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0052543 callose deposition in cell wall Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, the cell wall. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0052544 defense response by callose deposition in cell wall Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, the cell wall during the defense response. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0052545 callose localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0002341 central B cell anergy Deleted DEFINITION Processes of anergy that occur in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0002340 central B cell selection Deleted DEFINITION Processes of B cell selection that occur in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0015977 carbon fixation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which inorganic carbon (usually carbon dioxide) is incorporated into organic compounds (usually carbohydrates).
2008-05-16 GO:0051642 centrosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a centrosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0009631 cold acclimation Deleted DEFINITION Processes that increase freezing tolerance of an organism in response to low, nonfreezing temperatures.
2008-05-16 GO:0051410 detoxification of nitrogen compound Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of nitrogenous compounds which are dangerous or toxic. This includes the aerobic conversion of toxic compounds to harmless substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0010312 detoxification of zinc ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of zinc ion. These include transport of zinc away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of zinc ion.
2008-05-16 GO:0051601 exocyst localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an exocyst is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An exocyst is a protein complex peripherally associated with the plasma membrane that determines where secretory vesicles dock and fuse.
2008-05-16 GO:0046781 dispersion by virus of host splicing factors Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that disperse host splicing factors (snRNPs) to prevent host mRNA splicing, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0007316 pole plasm RNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0009856 pollination Deleted DEFINITION Biological processes occurring in plants beginning when the pollen lands on the stigma and continuing up to, but not including, fertilization, as defined by sperm-central cell fusion.
2008-05-16 GO:0051647 nucleus localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the nucleus is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050905 neuromuscular process Deleted DEFINITION The processes pertaining to the functions of the nervous and muscular systems of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050885 neuromuscular process controlling balance Deleted DEFINITION The processes that an organism uses to control its balance, the orientation of the organism (or the head of the organism) in relation to the source of gravity. In humans and animals, balance is perceived through visual cues, the labyrinth system of the inner ears and information from skin pressure receptors and muscle and joint receptors.
2008-05-16 GO:0050884 neuromuscular process controlling posture Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism voluntarily modulates its posture, the alignment of its anatomical parts.
2008-05-16 GO:0051640 organelle localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organelle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0045855 negative regulation of pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0031081 nuclear pore distribution Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of nuclear pores within the nuclear envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051664 nuclear pore localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which nuclear pores are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0031345 negative regulation of cell projection organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell projections.
2008-05-16 GO:0051129 negative regulation of cellular component organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0048523 negative regulation of cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cellular processes, those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0017126 nucleologenesis Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved with the formation and assembly of the nucleolus, a small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0050689 negative regulation of defense response to virus by host Deleted DEFINITION Host processes that result in the inhibition of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0032205 negative regulation of telomere maintenance Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032208 negative regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of recombinational processes involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0051643 endoplasmic reticulum localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which endoplasmic reticulum is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes of regulating the production and elimination of erythrocytes within an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0051296 establishment of meiotic spindle orientation Deleted DEFINITION The processes that set the alignment of meiotic spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0050894 determination of affect Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an emotional response is associated with a particular sensory stimulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0010299 detoxification of cobalt ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of cobalt ion. These include transport of cobalt away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of cobalt ion.
2008-05-16 GO:0046595 establishment of pole plasm mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mRNA is recruited to the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0051294 establishment of spindle orientation Deleted DEFINITION The processes that set the alignment of spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0042751 estivation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2008-05-16 GO:0010273 detoxification of copper ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of copper ion. These include transport of copper away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of copper ion.
2008-05-16 GO:0050787 detoxification of mercury ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of mercuric ion. These include transport of mercury away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of mercury ion and/or reduction of mercury ion (Hg[II]) to metallic mercury (Hg[0]).
2008-05-16 GO:0051688 maintenance of plastid location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a plastid is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0045185 maintenance of protein location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration, stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that do move away.
2008-05-16 GO:0019044 maintenance of viral latency Deleted DEFINITION The processes required for maintaining the latent form of the viral genome within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0019045 latent virus replication Deleted DEFINITION The processes required for latent viral replication in a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051457 maintenance of protein location in nucleus Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is maintained in the nucleus and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the nucleus, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the nucleus.
2008-05-16 GO:0051237 maintenance of RNA location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which RNA is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010078 maintenance of root meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of a root meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0032255 maintenance of secretory granule location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a secretory granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010231 maintenance of seed dormancy Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a dormant state is maintained in a seed.
2008-05-16 GO:0010492 maintenance of shoot apical meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of the shoot apical meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051687 maintenance of spindle location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the spindle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010079 maintenance of vegetative meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of a vegetative meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051655 maintenance of vesicle location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a vesicle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032418 lysosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a lysosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0008152 metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION Processes that cause many of the chemical changes in living organisms, including anabolism and catabolism. Metabolic processes typically transform small molecules, but also include macromolecular processes such as DNA repair and replication, and protein synthesis and degradation.
2008-05-16 GO:0033036 macromolecule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a macromolecule is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051651 maintenance of location in cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is maintained in a specific location within, or in the membrane of, a cell, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032507 maintenance of protein location in cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is maintained in a specific location within, or in the membrane of, a cell, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051661 maintenance of centrosome location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a centrosome is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051652 maintenance of chromosome location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a chromosome is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032189 maintenance of actomyosin contractile ring localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a contractile ring is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032257 maintenance of dense core granule location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a dense core granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051704 multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0048871 multicellular organismal homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050879 multicellular organismal movement Deleted DEFINITION Physiological processes involved in changing the position of a multicellular organism or an anatomical part of a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0032501 multicellular organismal process Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes, occurring at the level of a multicellular organism, pertinent to its function.
2008-05-16 GO:0050891 multicellular organismal water homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a tissue, organ, or a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0055088 lipid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of lipid within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0007259 JAK-STAT cascade Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) are activated by members of the JAK (janus activated kinase) family of tyrosine kinases, following the binding of cytokines to their cognate receptor. Once activated, STATs dimerize and translocate to the nucleus and modulate the expression of target genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0019093 mitochondrial RNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0033380 granzyme B localization to T cell secretory granule Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the protease granzyme B is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0030718 germ-line stem cell maintenance Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in preventing uncommitted germ-line stem cells from differentiating as another cell type.
2008-05-16 GO:0010509 polyamine homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a polyamine.
2008-05-16 GO:0033037 polysaccharide localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a polysaccharide is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0009405 pathogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that generate the ability of an organism to cause disease in another.
2008-05-16 GO:0007389 pattern specification process Deleted DEFINITION The developmental processes that result in the creation of defined areas or spaces within an organism to which cells respond and eventually are instructed to differentiate.
2008-05-16 GO:0050823 peptide antigen stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide antigen and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0055091 phospholipid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of phospholipid within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0052539 positive regulation by symbiont of defense-related host cell wall thickening Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of host processes resulting in the thickening of its cell walls, occurring as part of the defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0050822 peptide stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0051240 positive regulation of multicellular organismal process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of an organismal process, the processes pertinent to the function of an organism above the cellular level; includes the integrated processes of tissues and organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0009780 photosynthetic NADP+ reduction Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which NADP+ is reduced to NADPH. The light reactions of photosynthesis use energy from photons to generate high-energy electrons. These electrons are used directly to reduce NADP+ to NADPH. NADPH is a relatively stable molecule and can pass on its hydrogen atom to other molecules in chemical reactions.
2008-05-16 GO:0009777 photosynthetic phosphorylation Deleted DEFINITION The metabolic processes by which photosynthetic organisms use light energy to convert ADP to ATP without the concomitant reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water that occurs in phosphorylation.
2008-05-16 GO:0051875 pigment granule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051130 positive regulation of cellular component organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0048522 positive regulation of cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular processes, those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0002453 peripheral B cell anergy Deleted DEFINITION Any process contributing to anergy in peripheral B cells. Anergy is a state of functional inactivation and occurs as part of tolerance induction.
2008-05-16 GO:0002343 peripheral B cell selection Deleted DEFINITION Processes of B cell selection that occur in the periphery.
2008-05-16 GO:0060151 peroxisome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a peroxisome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location. A peroxisome is a small membrane-bounded organelle that uses dioxygen (O2) to oxidize organic molecules.
2008-05-16 GO:0046815 genome retention in viral capsid Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the viral genome is retained within the capsid during genome cleavage and packaging.
2008-05-16 GO:0021958 gracilis tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the gracilis tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the lower trunk and lower limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0060144 host cellular process involved in virus induced gene silencing Deleted DEFINITION The cellular processes occuring in the host cell that contribute to the process of posttranscriptional gene inactivation ('silencing') both of viral gene(s), and host gene(s) homologous to the viral genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051867 general adaptation syndrome, behavioral process Deleted DEFINITION The behavioral processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2008-05-16 GO:0006091 generation of precursor metabolites and energy Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of precursor metabolites, substances from which energy is derived, and the processes involved in the liberation of energy from these substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0006956 complement activation Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the complement cascade, which allows for the direct killing of microbes, the disposal of immune complexes, and the regulation of other immune processes; the initial steps of complement activation involve one of three pathways, the classical pathway, the alternative pathway, and the lectin pathway, all of which lead to the terminal complement pathway.
2008-05-16 GO:0006957 complement activation, alternative pathway Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the alternative pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0060086 circadian temperature homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The homeostatic processes by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature at different values with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0055082 cellular chemical homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a chemical at the level of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0019725 cellular homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051641 cellular localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within or in the membrane of a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0031202 RNA splicing factor activity, transesterification mechanism Added DEFINITION An activity which assists splicing of substrate RNA(s) by facilitating the formation and stabilization of a series of catalytic conformations in which key RNA sequences are positioned for a series of two transesterification reactions which result in removal of the intron sequence and joining of two exons.
2008-05-16 GO:0031345 negative regulation of cell projection organization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell projections.
2008-05-16 GO:0031503 protein complex localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0032189 maintenance of actomyosin contractile ring localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a contractile ring is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032204 regulation of telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process that affects and monitors the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032205 negative regulation of telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process that affects and monitors the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032206 positive regulation of telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a process that affects and monitors the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032207 regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a recombinational process involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032208 negative regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a recombinational process involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032209 positive regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a recombinational process involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032252 secretory granule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a secretory granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032253 dense core granule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a dense core granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032255 maintenance of secretory granule location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a secretory granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032257 maintenance of dense core granule location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a dense core granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032400 melanosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a melanosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032418 lysosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a lysosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0043247 telomere maintenance in response to DNA damage Deleted DEFINITION The processes that occur in response to the presence of critically short telomeres.
2008-05-16 GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION The maintenance of proper telomeric length by recombinational processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0010050 vegetative phase change Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the transition of a plant from a juvenile phase of vegetative development to an adult phase of vegetative development.
2008-05-16 GO:0021974 trigeminothalamic tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the trigeminothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive and temperature signaling from the face.
2008-05-16 GO:0051648 vesicle localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a vesicle or vesicles are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0019067 viral assembly, maturation, egress, and release Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the assembly, maturation, egress, and release of progeny virions.
2008-05-16 GO:0046752 viral capsid precursor transport to host cell nucleus Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which viral capsid precursors are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location in the nucleus, thus accumulating the necessary components for assembly of a capsid.
2008-05-16 GO:0019070 viral genome maturation Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that occur on newly synthesized viral genomes.
2008-05-16 GO:0019062 virion attachment to host cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the specific binding of a viral antireceptor to a cell surface receptor.
2008-05-16 GO:0019063 virion penetration into host cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes required for the introduction of virus particles into the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0030104 water homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0021963 spinothalamic tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the spinothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive signaling.
2008-05-16 GO:0021974 trigeminothalamic tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the trigeminothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive and temperature signaling from the face.
2008-05-16 GO:0030104 water homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0030431 sleep Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a periodic, readily reversible state of reduced awareness and metabolic activity. Usually accompanied by physical relaxation, the onset of sleep in humans and other mammals is marked by a change in the electrical activity of the brain.
2008-05-16 GO:0030718 germ-line stem cell maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process involved in preventing uncommitted germ-line stem cells from differentiating as another cell type.
2008-05-16 GO:0030722 establishment of oocyte nucleus localization involved in oocyte dorsal/ventral axis specification Added DEFINITION The directed movement of the nucleus to a specific location within the cell during the establishment and maintenance of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte. In the insect oocyte, for example, the nucleus is repositioned to a dorso-anterior position.
2008-05-16 GO:0031081 nuclear pore distribution Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of nuclear pores within the nuclear envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0031144 proteasome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which the proteasome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0019430 removal of superoxide radicals Added DEFINITION Any process involved in removing superoxide radicals (O2-) from a cell or organism, e.g. by conversion to dioxygen (O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2008-05-16 GO:0019725 cellular homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0021957 corticospinal tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a pyramidal cell, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in cerebral cortex layer V towards target cells in the gray matter of the spinal cord. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the corticospinal tract.
2008-05-16 GO:0021958 gracilis tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the gracilis tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the lower trunk and lower limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0021959 cuneatus tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the cuneatus tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the upper trunk and upper limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0021960 anterior commissure morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in one half of the cerebral cortex towards target cells in the contralateral half. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the anterior commissure, a small midline fiber tract that lies at the anterior end of the corpus callosum.
2008-05-16 GO:0043129 surfactant homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an equilibrium of the surface-active lipoprotein mixture which coats the alveoli.
2008-05-16 GO:0006352 DNA-templated transcription, initiation Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase complex at the promoter region of a DNA template resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in starting transcription from the RNA polymerase II promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0000118 histone deacetylase complex Deleted DEFINITION Complex that possesses histone deacetylase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000123 histone acetyltransferase complex Deleted DEFINITION Complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000124 SAGA complex Deleted DEFINITION A large multiprotein complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase and in involved in regulation of transcription. The budding yeast complex includes Gcn5p, several proteins of the Spt and Ada families, and several TBP-associate proteins (TAFs); analogous complexes in other species have analogous compositions, and usually contain homologs of the yeast proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000362 first U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000363 first U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6atac snRNA and/or U2atac snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000364 second U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000367 second U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0003012 muscle system process Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes, occurring at the level of a muscle. Muscle tissue is composed of contractile cells or fibers.
2008-05-16 GO:0033044 regulation of chromosome organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a chromosome.
2008-05-16 GO:0033368 protease localization to mast cell secretory granule Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a mast cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033375 protease localization to T cell secretory granule Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033380 granzyme B localization to T cell secretory granule Added DEFINITION Any process by which the protease granzyme B is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033566 gamma-tubulin complex localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a gamma-tubulin complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process of regulating the production and elimination of erythrocytes within an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0034335 DNA supercoiling activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the formation of positive or negative supercoils in a DNA molecule or region thereof; may be associated with a geometric or topological change in the DNA molecule.
2008-05-16 GO:0034397 telomere localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a telomere is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Added DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a steroid ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a steroid molecule (e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0034434 sterol esterification Added DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a sterol molecule (e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0034446 substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading Added DEFINITION The morphogenetic process by which flattening of a cell takes place as a consequence of its adhesion to a substrate.
2008-05-16 GO:0032439 endosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which endosomes are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032501 multicellular organismal process Added DEFINITION Any biological process, occurring at the level of a multicellular organism, pertinent to its function.
2008-05-16 GO:0032507 maintenance of protein location in cell Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in a specific location within, or in the membrane of, a cell, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032995 regulation of fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the fungal-type cell wall. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2008-05-16 GO:0033036 macromolecule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a macromolecule is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0033037 polysaccharide localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a polysaccharide is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0033043 regulation of organelle organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of an organelle.
2008-05-16 GO:0046779 suppression by virus of expression of host genes with introns Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that discriminate against and subsequently inhibit host transcripts containing introns, thus allowing only intronless viral mRNA to be fully processed.
2008-05-16 GO:0019050 suppression by virus of host apoptotic process Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes and gene products that result in the inhibition of apoptosis, facilitating prolonged cell survival during viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0046791 suppression by virus of host complement neutralization Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of complement neutralization of the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046775 suppression by virus of host cytokine production Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of host cell cytokine production.
2008-05-16 GO:0019053 suppression by virus of host extracellular antiviral response Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of extracellular (adaptive immune response) antiviral mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0019052 suppression by virus of host intracellular antiviral response Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of intracellular (innate immune response) antiviral mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0046780 suppression by virus of host mRNA splicing Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that inhibit the splicing of host mRNA, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0045167 asymmetric protein localization involved in cell fate determination Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution, resulting in the formation of daughter cells of different types.
2008-05-16 GO:0045175 basal protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, basal regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045176 apical protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, apical regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045185 maintenance of protein location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration, stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that do move away.
2008-05-16 GO:0045058 T cell selection Deleted DEFINITION The process through which T cells that express T cell receptors that are restricted by self MHC protein complexes and tolerant to self antigens are selected for further maturation.
2008-05-16 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Deleted DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a steroid ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a steroid moleculen(e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0034434 sterol esterification Deleted DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a sterol moleculen(e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0006950 response to stress Deleted DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2008-05-16 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the fungal-type cell wall.
2008-05-16 GO:0018467 formaldehyde dehydrogenase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formaldehyde + NAD+ + H2O = formate + NADH + H+. Unlike EC:1.2.1.1 formaldehyde dehydrogenase (glutathione), this enzyme does not need reduced glutathione.
2008-05-16 GO:0046773 suppression by virus of host translation termination Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that inhibit the termination of host cell protein biosynthesis that occurs in response to viral infection.
2008-05-16 GO:0046774 suppression by virus of host intracellular interferon activity Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of interferon activity within the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046776 suppression by virus of host antigen processing and presentation of peptide antigen via MHC class I Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of presentation of MHC class I antigen-presenting proteins on the host cell surface.
2008-05-16 GO:0048877 homeostasis of number of retina cells Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0048878 chemical homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a chemical.
2008-05-16 GO:0050000 chromosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a chromosome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0046773 suppression by virus of host translation termination Added DEFINITION Any viral process that inhibits the termination of host cell protein biosynthesis that occurs in response to viral infection.
2008-05-16 GO:0046774 suppression by virus of host intracellular interferon activity Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of interferon activity within the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046775 suppression by virus of host cytokine production Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of host cell cytokine production.
2008-05-16 GO:0046776 suppression by virus of host antigen processing and presentation of peptide antigen via MHC class I Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of presentation of MHC class I antigen-presenting proteins on the host cell surface.
2008-05-16 GO:0050886 endocrine process Deleted DEFINITION The hormonal, neural, and secretory processes that release products into the blood or lymph. These products have specific effects on other organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0032439 endosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which endosomes are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0055089 fatty acid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of fatty acid within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042262 DNA protection Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2008-05-16 GO:0006310 DNA recombination Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a new genotype is formed by reassortment of genes resulting in gene combinations different from those that were present in the parents. In eukaryotes genetic recombination can occur by chromosome assortment, intrachromosomal recombination, or nonreciprocal interchromosomal recombination. Intrachromosomal recombination occurs by crossing over. In bacteria it may occur by genetic transformation, conjugation, transduction, or F-duction.
2008-05-16 GO:0009307 DNA restriction-modification system Deleted DEFINITION The processes that protect an organism from invading foreign DNA by methylation of self DNA at specific sequences and nucleolytic cleavage of unmethylated foreign DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0007565 female pregnancy Deleted DEFINITION The physiological processes that allow an embryo or foetus to develop within the body of a female animal. It covers the time from fertilization of a female ovum by a male spermatozoon until birth.
2008-05-16 GO:0032253 dense core granule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a dense core granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0010481 epidermal cell division Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of an epidermal cell, any of the cells making up the epidermis, into daughter cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0055060 asymmetric neuroblast division resulting in ganglion mother cell formation Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of a neuroblast into a neuroblast and a ganglion mother cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008105 asymmetric protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution.
2008-05-16 GO:0045167 asymmetric protein localization involved in cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution, resulting in the formation of daughter cells of different types.
2008-05-16 GO:0055090 acylglycerol homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of acylglycerol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0021960 anterior commissure morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in one half of the cerebral cortex towards target cells in the contralateral half. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the anterior commissure, a small midline fiber tract that lies at the anterior end of the corpus callosum.
2008-05-16 GO:0045175 basal protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, basal regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008366 axon ensheathment Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the axon of a neuron is insulated, and that insulation maintained, thereby preventing dispersion of the electrical signal.
2008-05-16 GO:0051705 multi-organism behavior Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an observable behavioral effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0045176 apical protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, apical regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0048228 actin cortical patch distribution Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of actin cortical patches. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0051666 actin cortical patch localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which actin cortical patches are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found just beneath the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0044405 recognition of host Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its host via physical or chemical signals. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0051824 recognition of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of a second organism via physical or chemical signals, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0045292 mRNA cis splicing, via spliceosome Added DEFINITION The joining together, after removal of an intervening sequence composed of one or more introns, of two segments of the same RNA molecule via spliceosomal catalysis to produce an mRNA composed only of exon sequences that all came from the same primary transcript.
2008-05-16 GO:0045450 bicoid mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which bicoid mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0045451 pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0045453 bone resorption Added DEFINITION The process by which specialized cells known as osteoclasts degrade the organic and inorganic portions of bone, and endocytose and transport the degradation products.
2008-05-16 GO:0045454 cell redox homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process that maintain the redox environment of a cell or compartment within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045855 negative regulation of pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0046595 establishment of pole plasm mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which mRNA is recruited to the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0046752 viral capsid precursor transport to host cell nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process by which viral capsid precursors are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location in the nucleus, thus accumulating the necessary components for assembly of a capsid.
2008-05-16 GO:0042593 glucose homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of glucose within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042632 cholesterol homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cholesterol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042750 hibernation Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2008-05-16 GO:0042751 estivation Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2008-05-16 GO:0043043 peptide biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptides, compounds of 2 or more (but usually less than 100) amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another. This may include the translation of a precursor protein and its subsequent processing into a functional peptide.
2008-05-16 GO:0043129 surfactant homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an equilibrium of the surface-active lipoprotein mixture which coats the alveoli.
2008-05-16 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0043146 spindle stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Added DEFINITION Any process by which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0043179 rhythmic excitation Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous excitatory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0043180 rhythmic inhibition Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous inhibitory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0043247 telomere maintenance in response to DNA damage Added DEFINITION Any process that occur in response to the presence of critically short telomeres.
2008-05-16 GO:0043366 beta selection Added DEFINITION The process by which successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence leads to rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process by which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2008-05-16 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2008-05-16 GO:0034447 very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance Added DEFINITION The process by which a very-low-density lipoprotein particle is removed from the blood via receptor-mediated endocytosis and its constituent parts degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0042049 cellular acyl-CoA homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of acyl-CoA within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0042245 RNA repair Added DEFINITION Any process by which damaged RNA can be repaired.
2008-05-16 GO:0042262 DNA protection Added DEFINITION Any process by which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2008-05-16 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Added DEFINITION Any homoeostatic process by which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Added DEFINITION Any process by which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2008-05-16 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2008-05-16 GO:0042592 homeostatic process Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium.
2008-05-16 GO:0044238 primary metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving those compounds which are formed as a part of the normal anabolic and catabolic processes. These processes take place in most, if not all, cells of the organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0044405 recognition of host Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its host via physical or chemical signals. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0044419 interspecies interaction between organisms Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has an observable effect on an organism of a different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0045058 T cell selection Added DEFINITION The process by which T cells that express T cell receptors that are restricted by self MHC protein complexes and tolerant to self antigens are selected for further maturation.
2008-05-16 GO:0043180 rhythmic inhibition Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous inhibitory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0048511 rhythmic process Deleted DEFINITION Those processes pertinent to the generation and maintenance of rhythms in the physiology of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0060024 rhythmic synaptic transmission Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0055092 sterol homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sterol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0014888 striated muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which striated muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2008-05-16 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2008-05-16 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2008-05-16 GO:0042245 RNA repair Deleted DEFINITION The various processes by which damaged RNA can be repaired.
2008-05-16 GO:0030431 sleep Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism enters and maintains a periodic, readily reversible state of reduced awareness and metabolic activity. Usually accompanied by physical relaxation, the onset of sleep in humans and other mammals is marked by a change in the electrical activity of the brain.
2008-05-16 GO:0014805 smooth muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which smooth muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2008-05-16 GO:0048254 snoRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which small nucleolar RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0014733 regulation of skeletal muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which skeletal muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2008-05-16 GO:0050689 negative regulation of defense response to virus by host Added DEFINITION Any host process that results in the inhibition of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0050787 detoxification of mercury ion Added DEFINITION Any process that reduce or remove the toxicity of mercuric ion. These include transport of mercury away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of mercury ion and/or reduction of mercury ion (Hg[II]) to metallic mercury (Hg[0]).
2008-05-16 GO:0050794 regulation of cellular process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a cellular process, any of those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0050801 ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of ions within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050821 protein stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a protein and preventing it from degradation or aggregation.
2008-05-16 GO:0050822 peptide stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0050823 peptide antigen stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide antigen and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0050879 multicellular organismal movement Added DEFINITION Any physiological process involved in changing the position of a multicellular organism or an anatomical part of a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050884 neuromuscular process controlling posture Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism voluntarily modulates its posture, the alignment of its anatomical parts.
2008-05-16 GO:0050885 neuromuscular process controlling balance Added DEFINITION Any process that an organism uses to control its balance, the orientation of the organism (or the head of the organism) in relation to the source of gravity. In humans and animals, balance is perceived through visual cues, the labyrinth system of the inner ears and information from skin pressure receptors and muscle and joint receptors.
2008-05-16 GO:0050886 endocrine process Added DEFINITION Any of the hormonal, neural, and secretory processes that release products into the blood or lymph. These products have specific effects on other organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0050891 multicellular organismal water homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a tissue, organ, or a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050892 intestinal absorption Added DEFINITION Any process by which nutrients are taken up from the contents of the intestine.
2008-05-16 GO:0033044 regulation of chromosome organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a chromosome.
2008-05-16 GO:0010082 regulation of root meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a root meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0031503 protein complex localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0010080 regulation of floral meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a floral meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0032206 positive regulation of telomere maintenance Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032209 positive regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of recombinational processes involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0008104 protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0050821 protein stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a protein and preventing it from degradation or aggregation.
2008-05-16 GO:0010081 regulation of inflorescence meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of an inflorescence meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0051855 recognition of symbiont Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its symbiont via physical or chemical signals. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0010075 regulation of meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0044238 primary metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION Reactions involving those compounds which are formed as a part of the normal anabolic and catabolic processes. These processes take place in most, if not all, cells of the organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0033043 regulation of organelle organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of an organelle.
2008-05-16 GO:0051128 regulation of cellular component organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0033368 protease localization to mast cell secretory granule Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a mast cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033375 protease localization to T cell secretory granule Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0031144 proteasome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the proteasome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0050794 regulation of cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular processes, those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0046778 modification by virus of host mRNA processing Added DEFINITION Any viral process that interferes with the processing of mRNA in the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046779 suppression by virus of expression of host genes with introns Added DEFINITION Any viral process that discriminates against and subsequently inhibits host transcripts containing introns, thus allowing only intronless viral mRNA to be fully processed.
2008-05-16 GO:0046780 suppression by virus of host mRNA splicing Added DEFINITION Any viral process that inhibits the splicing of host mRNA, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0046781 dispersion by virus of host splicing factors Added DEFINITION Any viral process that disperses host splicing factors (snRNPs) to prevent host mRNA splicing, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0046783 modification by virus of host polysomes Added DEFINITION Any viral process that interferes with and inhibits the assembly and function of polysomes.
2008-05-16 GO:0046791 suppression by virus of host complement neutralization Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of complement neutralization of the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046815 genome retention in viral capsid Added DEFINITION Any process by which the viral genome is retained within the capsid during genome cleavage and packaging.
2008-05-16 GO:0048228 actin cortical patch distribution Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of actin cortical patches. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048254 snoRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which small nucleolar RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0048311 mitochondrion distribution Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria between and within cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048312 intracellular distribution of mitochondria Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0048478 replication fork protection Added DEFINITION Any process that prevents the collapse of stalled replication forks.
2008-05-16 GO:0048511 rhythmic process Added DEFINITION Any process pertinent to the generation and maintenance of rhythms in the physiology of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0048522 positive regulation of cellular process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a cellular process, any of those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0048523 negative regulation of cellular process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a cellular process, any of those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0048838 release of seed from dormancy Added DEFINITION Any process by which the dormant state comes to an end in a seed.
2008-05-16 GO:0048871 multicellular organismal homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0048872 homeostasis of number of cells Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048873 homeostasis of number of cells within a tissue Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in a tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0048875 chemical homeostasis within a tissue Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0048876 chemical homeostasis within retina Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0051704 multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0051705 multi-organism behavior Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has an observable behavioral effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0051824 recognition of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of a second organism via physical or chemical signals, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0051855 recognition of symbiont Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its symbiont via physical or chemical signals. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0051867 general adaptation syndrome, behavioral process Added DEFINITION The set of behavioral processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2008-05-16 GO:0051875 pigment granule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a pigment granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051653 spindle localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which is the spindle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051655 maintenance of vesicle location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a vesicle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051657 maintenance of organelle location Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organelle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051658 maintenance of nucleus location Added DEFINITION Any process by which the nucleus is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051659 maintenance of mitochondrion location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a mitochondrion is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051653 spindle localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which is the spindle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0000118 histone deacetylase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses histone deacetylase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000123 histone acetyltransferase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000124 SAGA complex Added DEFINITION A large multiprotein complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase activity and is involved in regulation of transcription. The budding yeast complex includes Gcn5p, several proteins of the Spt and Ada families, and several TBP-associate proteins (TAFs); analogous complexes in other species have analogous compositions, and usually contain homologs of the yeast proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000362 first U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000363 first U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6atac snRNA and/or U2atac snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000364 second U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000367 second U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any recombinational process that contributes to the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0000723 telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that contributes to the maintenance of proper telomeric length and structure by affecting and monitoring the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA. These processes includes those that shorten and lengthen the telomeric DNA sequences.
2008-05-16 GO:0001553 luteinization Added DEFINITION The set of processes resulting in differentiation of theca and granulosa cells into luteal cells and in the formation of a corpus luteum after ovulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0001867 complement activation, lectin pathway Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the activation of any of the steps of the lectin pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0002230 positive regulation of defense response to virus by host Added DEFINITION Any host process that results in the promotion of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby limiting viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0002340 central B cell selection Added DEFINITION Any B cell selection process that occurs in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0002341 central B cell anergy Added DEFINITION Any process contributing to anergy, a state of functional inactivation that occurs as part of tolerance induction, in B cells in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0002343 peripheral B cell selection Added DEFINITION Any B cell selection process that occurs in the periphery.
2008-05-16 GO:0002453 peripheral B cell anergy Added DEFINITION Any process contributing to anergy, a state of functional inactivation that occurs as part of tolerance induction, in peripheral B cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0003012 muscle system process Added DEFINITION A organ system process carried out at the level of a muscle. Muscle tissue is composed of contractile cells or fibers.
2008-05-16 GO:0006091 generation of precursor metabolites and energy Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of precursor metabolites, substances from which energy is derived, and any process involved in the liberation of energy from these substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0006310 DNA recombination Added DEFINITION Any process by which a new genotype is formed by reassortment of genes resulting in gene combinations different from those that were present in the parents. In eukaryotes genetic recombination can occur by chromosome assortment, intrachromosomal recombination, or nonreciprocal interchromosomal recombination. Intrachromosomal recombination occurs by crossing over. In bacteria it may occur by genetic transformation, conjugation, transduction, or F-duction.
2008-05-16 GO:0006352 DNA-templated transcription, initiation Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase complex at the promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in starting transcription from the RNA polymerase II promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0006884 cell volume homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the equilibrium of a cell's volume. The cell's volume refers to the three-dimensional space occupied by a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051601 exocyst localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which an exocyst is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An exocyst is a protein complex peripherally associated with the plasma membrane that determines where secretory vesicles dock and fuse.
2008-05-16 GO:0051640 organelle localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organelle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051294 establishment of spindle orientation Added DEFINITION Any process that set the alignment of spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0051296 establishment of meiotic spindle orientation Added DEFINITION Any process that set the alignment of meiotic spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0051301 cell division Added DEFINITION The process resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of a cell into daughter cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0051410 detoxification of nitrogen compound Added DEFINITION Any process that reduce or remove the toxicity of nitrogenous compounds which are dangerous or toxic. This includes the aerobic conversion of toxic compounds to harmless substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0051426 spindle pole body maturation Added DEFINITION Any process by which the newly duplicated spindle pole body (SPB) is processed to attain its full functional capacity. In S. pombe, early maturation includes increase in size of the lamellar bodies, invagination of the nuclear envelope, and accumulation of material in a pocket under the SPB. Late maturation includes fenestration of the nuclear envelope, SPB separation and entry into the nucleus, giving rise to the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0051457 maintenance of protein location in nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in the nucleus and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the nucleus, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the nucleus.
2008-05-16 GO:0032204 regulation of telomere maintenance Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032207 regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombinational processes involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032252 secretory granule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a secretory granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050893 sensory processing Deleted DEFINITION The neural processes required for an organism to sense and interpret the dimensions of a sensory experience: modality, location, intensity and affect.
2008-05-16 GO:0050893 sensory processing Added DEFINITION Any neural process required for an organism to sense and interpret the dimensions of a sensory experience: modality, location, intensity and affect.
2008-05-16 GO:0050894 determination of affect Added DEFINITION Any process by which an emotional response is associated with a particular sensory stimulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0050905 neuromuscular process Added DEFINITION Any process pertaining to the functions of the nervous and muscular systems of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0051128 regulation of cellular component organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051129 negative regulation of cellular component organization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051130 positive regulation of cellular component organization Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051179 localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a cell, a substance, or a cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051235 maintenance of location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a cell, substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051237 maintenance of RNA location Added DEFINITION Any process by which RNA is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051240 positive regulation of multicellular organismal process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of an organismal process, any of the processes pertinent to the function of an organism above the cellular level; includes the integrated processes of tissues and organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0051426 spindle pole body maturation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the newly duplicated spindle pole body (SPB) is processed to attain its full functional capacity. In S. pombe, early maturation includes increase in size of the lamellar bodies, invagination of the nuclear envelope, and accumulation of material in a pocket under the SPB. Late maturation includes fenestration of the nuclear envelope, SPB separation and entry into the nucleus, giving rise to the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0043146 spindle stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0021963 spinothalamic tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the spinothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive signaling.
2008-05-16 GO:0010083 regulation of vegetative meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a vegetative meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0048838 release of seed from dormancy Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the dormant state comes to an end in a seed.
2008-05-16 GO:0019430 removal of superoxide radicals Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in removing superoxide radicals (O2-) from a cell or organism, e.g. by conversion to dioxygen (O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2008-05-16 GO:0043179 rhythmic excitation Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous excitatory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0048478 replication fork protection Deleted DEFINITION Processes preventing the collapse of stalled replication forks.
2008-05-16 GO:0060086 circadian temperature homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any homeostatic process by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature at different values with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0060144 host cellular process involved in virus induced gene silencing Added DEFINITION The set of cellular processes occuring in the host cell that contribute to the process of posttranscriptional gene inactivation ('silencing') both of viral gene(s), and host gene(s) homologous to the viral genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0060151 peroxisome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a peroxisome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location. A peroxisome is a small membrane-bounded organelle that uses dioxygen (O2) to oxidize organic molecules.
2008-05-16 GO:0007107 membrane addition at site of cytokinesis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the net addition of membrane at the site of cytokinesis; includes vesicle recruitment and fusion, local lipid synthesis and insertion.
2008-05-16 GO:0007259 JAK-STAT cascade Added DEFINITION Any process by which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) are activated by members of the JAK (janus activated kinase) family of tyrosine kinases, following the binding of cytokines to their cognate receptor. Once activated, STATs dimerize and translocate to the nucleus and modulate the expression of target genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0007316 pole plasm RNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0007318 pole plasm protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0007389 pattern specification process Added DEFINITION Any developmental process that results in the creation of defined areas or spaces within an organism to which cells respond and eventually are instructed to differentiate.
2008-05-16 GO:0007565 female pregnancy Added DEFINITION The set of physiological processes that allow an embryo or foetus to develop within the body of a female animal. It covers the time from fertilization of a female ovum by a male spermatozoon until birth.
2008-05-16 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Added DEFINITION Any biological process in an organism that recur with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0007639 homeostasis of number of meristem cells Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0008104 protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0008105 asymmetric protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution.
2008-05-16 GO:0008150 biological_process Added DEFINITION Any process specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms. A process is a collection of molecular events with a defined beginning and end.
2008-05-16 GO:0008152 metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways, including anabolism and catabolism, by which living organisms transform chemical substances. Metabolic processes typically transform small molecules, but also include macromolecular processes such as DNA repair and replication, and protein synthesis and degradation.
2008-05-16 GO:0008298 intracellular mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008366 axon ensheathment Added DEFINITION Any process by which the axon of a neuron is insulated, and that insulation maintained, thereby preventing dispersion of the electrical signal.
2008-05-16 GO:0009058 biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of substances; typically the energy-requiring part of metabolism in which simpler substances are transformed into more complex ones.
2008-05-16 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the fungal-type cell wall. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2008-05-16 GO:0009307 DNA restriction-modification system Added DEFINITION Any process that protect an organism from invading foreign DNA by methylation of self DNA at specific sequences and nucleolytic cleavage of unmethylated foreign DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0009405 pathogenesis Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that generate the ability of an organism to cause disease in another.
2008-05-16 GO:0009631 cold acclimation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases freezing tolerance of an organism in response to low, nonfreezing temperatures.
2008-05-16 GO:0009650 UV protection Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism or cell protects itself from ultraviolet radiation (UV), which may also result in resistance to repeated exposure to UV.
2008-05-16 GO:0006950 response to stress Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a disturbance in organismal or cellular homeostasis, usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2008-05-16 GO:0006956 complement activation Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the activation of any of the steps of the complement cascade, which allows for the direct killing of microbes, the disposal of immune complexes, and the regulation of other immune processes; the initial steps of complement activation involve one of three pathways, the classical pathway, the alternative pathway, and the lectin pathway, all of which lead to the terminal complement pathway.
2008-05-16 GO:0051661 maintenance of centrosome location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a centrosome is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051663 oocyte nucleus localization involved in oocyte dorsal/ventral axis specification Added DEFINITION The directed movement of the nucleus to a specific location within a cell during the establishment and maintenance of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte.
2008-05-16 GO:0051664 nuclear pore localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which nuclear pores are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051665 membrane raft localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which membrane rafts are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. Membrane rafts are small (10-200 nm), heterogeneous, highly dynamic, sterol- and sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains that compartmentalize cellular processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051666 actin cortical patch localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which actin cortical patches are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found just beneath the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0006957 complement activation, alternative pathway Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the activation of any of the steps of the alternative pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-16 GO:0034446 substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading Added TERM substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading
2008-05-16 GO:0034447 very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance Added TERM very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-16 GO:0019094 pole plasm mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0045451 pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0007318 pole plasm protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0006958 complement activation, classical pathway Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the classical pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes, the disposal of immune complexes, and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0001867 complement activation, lectin pathway Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the lectin pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0043366 beta selection Deleted DEFINITION The signaling from the pre-T cell receptor complex indicative of successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence and the resulting processes which lead to the rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0048878 chemical homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a chemical.
2008-05-16 GO:0048875 chemical homeostasis within a tissue Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0048876 chemical homeostasis within retina Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0045450 bicoid mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which bicoid mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0008150 biological_process Deleted DEFINITION Those processes specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms. A process is a collection of molecular events with a defined beginning and end.
2008-05-16 GO:0021957 corticospinal tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a pyramidal cell, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in cerebral cortex layer V towards target cells in the gray matter of the spinal cord. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the corticospinal tract.
2008-05-16 GO:0009058 biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The energy-requiring part of metabolism in which simpler substances are transformed into more complex ones, as in growth and other biosynthetic processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051301 cell division Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of a cell into daughter cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0042632 cholesterol homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cholesterol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045453 bone resorption Deleted DEFINITION The physiologic processes by which bone tissue is lost.
2008-05-16 GO:0045454 cell redox homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes that maintain the redox environment of a cell or compartment within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0010073 meristem maintenance Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity, size and shape of a meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0010216 maintenance of DNA methylation Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the methylation state of a nucleotide sequence.
2008-05-16 GO:0051685 maintenance of ER location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the endoplasmic reticulum is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010076 maintenance of floral meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of a floral meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051684 maintenance of Golgi location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the Golgi is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010077 maintenance of inflorescence meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of an inflorescence meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051235 maintenance of location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a cell, substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051659 maintenance of mitochondrion location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a mitochondrion is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051658 maintenance of nucleus location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the nucleus is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051657 maintenance of organelle location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organelle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051906 maintenance of pigment granule location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0019059 initiation of viral infection Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the start of virus infection of cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0033566 gamma-tubulin complex localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a gamma-tubulin complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0048872 homeostasis of number of cells Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048873 homeostasis of number of cells within a tissue Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in a tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0007639 homeostasis of number of meristem cells Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0048877 homeostasis of number of retina cells Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0042592 homeostatic process Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium.
2008-05-16 GO:0048311 mitochondrion distribution Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria between and within cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0051646 mitochondrion localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a mitochondrion or mitochondria are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051179 localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a cell, a substance, or a cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051674 localization of cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a cell is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051668 localization within membrane Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within a membrane.
2008-05-16 GO:0001553 luteinization Deleted DEFINITION Differentiation of theca and granulosa cells into luteal cells. Also other processes involved in the formation of a corpus luteum after ovulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0032400 melanosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a melanosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0007107 membrane addition at site of cytokinesis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the net addition of membrane at the site of cytokinesis; includes vesicle recruitment and fusion, local lipid synthesis and insertion.
2008-05-16 GO:0046778 modification by virus of host mRNA processing Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that interfere with the processing of mRNA in the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046783 modification by virus of host polysomes Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that interfere with and inhibit the assembly and function of polysomes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051665 membrane raft localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which membrane rafts are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. Membrane rafts are small (10-200 nm), heterogeneous, highly dynamic, sterol- and sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains that compartmentalize cellular processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0010336 gibberellic acid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Maintenance of endogenous concentration of primary gibberellic acid equilibrium, or constant level of gibberellic acid in a biological system by a number of biochemical processes including transport, biosynthesis, catabolism and conjugation.
2008-05-16 GO:0010286 heat acclimation Deleted DEFINITION Processes that increase heat tolerance of an organism in response to high temperatures.
2008-05-16 GO:0044419 interspecies interaction between organisms Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an observable effect on an organism of a different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0050892 intestinal absorption Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which nutrients are taken up from the contents of the intestine.
2008-05-16 GO:0042593 glucose homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of glucose within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051703 intraspecies interaction between organisms Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an observable effect on an organism of the same species.
2008-05-16 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2008-05-16 GO:0048312 intracellular distribution of mitochondria Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008298 intracellular mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050801 ion homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of ions within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042750 hibernation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2008-05-16 GO:0019051 induction by virus of host apoptotic process Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the induction of apoptosis of infected cells, facilitating release and spread of progeny virions.
2008-05-16 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0030722 establishment of oocyte nucleus localization involved in oocyte dorsal/ventral axis specification Deleted DEFINITION The directed movement of the nucleus to a specific location within the cell during the establishment and maintenance of the axes of the oocyte. In the insect oocyte, for example, the nucleus is repositioned to a dorso-anterior position.
2008-05-16 GO:0031202 RNA splicing factor activity, transesterification mechanism Deleted DEFINITION An activity which binds RNA and functions to assist splicing of substrate RNA(s) by facilitating the formation and stabilization of a catalytic conformation in which the splice junctions of the RNA(s) to be spliced are positioned for a transesterification reaction that occurs between two sites within the RNA(s) to be spliced.
2008-05-16 GO:0032995 regulation of fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the chitin- and beta-glucan-containing cell wall.
2008-05-16 GO:0034335 DNA supercoiling activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the formation of positive or negative supercoils in a DNA molecule or region thereof; may be associated with a geometric or topological change in the DNA molecule.
2008-05-16 GO:0043043 peptide biosynthetic process Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptides, compounds of 2 or more (but usually less than 100) amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another.
2008-05-16 GO:0045292 mRNA cis splicing, via spliceosome Deleted DEFINITION The joining together, after removal of an intervening sequence composed of one or more introns, of two segments of the same RNA molecule via U2-type spliceosomal catalysis to produce an mRNA composed only of exon sequences that all came from the same primary transcript.
2008-05-16 GO:0050000 chromosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a chromosome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0021959 cuneatus tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the cuneatus tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the upper trunk and upper limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0010268 brassinosteroid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of brassinosteroids within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0006884 cell volume homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the equilibrium of a cell's volume. The cell's volume refers to the three-dimensional space occupied by a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042049 cellular acyl-CoA homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of acyl-CoA within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes in an organism that recur with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0051645 Golgi localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the Golgi is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Deleted DEFINITION The homoeostatic processes by which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0051644 plastid localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a plastid is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2008-05-16 GO:0002230 positive regulation of defense response to virus by host Deleted DEFINITION Host processes that result in the promotion of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby limiting viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0009949 polarity specification of anterior/posterior axis Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the establishment of polarity along the anterior/posterior axis.
2008-05-16 GO:0009951 polarity specification of dorsal/ventral axis Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the establishment of polarity along the dorsal/ventral axis.
2008-05-16 GO:0010085 polarity specification of proximal/distal axis Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the establishment of polarity along the proximal/distal axis.
2008-05-16 GO:0019096 pole plasm mitochondrial lrRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial large ribosomal RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0019095 pole plasm mitochondrial rRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial ribosomal RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0019097 pole plasm mitochondrial srRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial small ribosomal RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0009987 cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Processes that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0009992 cellular water homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0052542 defense response by callose deposition Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location during the defense response. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0052543 callose deposition in cell wall Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, the cell wall. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0052544 defense response by callose deposition in cell wall Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, the cell wall during the defense response. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0052545 callose localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which callose is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location. Callose is a linear 1,3-beta-d-glucan formed from UDP-glucose and is found in certain plant cell walls.
2008-05-16 GO:0002341 central B cell anergy Deleted DEFINITION Processes of anergy that occur in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0002340 central B cell selection Deleted DEFINITION Processes of B cell selection that occur in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0015977 carbon fixation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which inorganic carbon (usually carbon dioxide) is incorporated into organic compounds (usually carbohydrates).
2008-05-16 GO:0051642 centrosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a centrosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0009631 cold acclimation Deleted DEFINITION Processes that increase freezing tolerance of an organism in response to low, nonfreezing temperatures.
2008-05-16 GO:0051410 detoxification of nitrogen compound Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of nitrogenous compounds which are dangerous or toxic. This includes the aerobic conversion of toxic compounds to harmless substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0010312 detoxification of zinc ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of zinc ion. These include transport of zinc away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of zinc ion.
2008-05-16 GO:0051601 exocyst localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an exocyst is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An exocyst is a protein complex peripherally associated with the plasma membrane that determines where secretory vesicles dock and fuse.
2008-05-16 GO:0046781 dispersion by virus of host splicing factors Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that disperse host splicing factors (snRNPs) to prevent host mRNA splicing, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0007316 pole plasm RNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0009856 pollination Deleted DEFINITION Biological processes occurring in plants beginning when the pollen lands on the stigma and continuing up to, but not including, fertilization, as defined by sperm-central cell fusion.
2008-05-16 GO:0051647 nucleus localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the nucleus is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050905 neuromuscular process Deleted DEFINITION The processes pertaining to the functions of the nervous and muscular systems of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050885 neuromuscular process controlling balance Deleted DEFINITION The processes that an organism uses to control its balance, the orientation of the organism (or the head of the organism) in relation to the source of gravity. In humans and animals, balance is perceived through visual cues, the labyrinth system of the inner ears and information from skin pressure receptors and muscle and joint receptors.
2008-05-16 GO:0050884 neuromuscular process controlling posture Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism voluntarily modulates its posture, the alignment of its anatomical parts.
2008-05-16 GO:0051640 organelle localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organelle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0045855 negative regulation of pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0031081 nuclear pore distribution Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of nuclear pores within the nuclear envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051664 nuclear pore localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which nuclear pores are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0031345 negative regulation of cell projection organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell projections.
2008-05-16 GO:0051129 negative regulation of cellular component organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0048523 negative regulation of cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cellular processes, those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0017126 nucleologenesis Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved with the formation and assembly of the nucleolus, a small, dense body one or more of which are present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0050689 negative regulation of defense response to virus by host Deleted DEFINITION Host processes that result in the inhibition of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0032205 negative regulation of telomere maintenance Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032208 negative regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of recombinational processes involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0051643 endoplasmic reticulum localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which endoplasmic reticulum is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes of regulating the production and elimination of erythrocytes within an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0051296 establishment of meiotic spindle orientation Deleted DEFINITION The processes that set the alignment of meiotic spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0050894 determination of affect Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an emotional response is associated with a particular sensory stimulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0010299 detoxification of cobalt ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of cobalt ion. These include transport of cobalt away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of cobalt ion.
2008-05-16 GO:0046595 establishment of pole plasm mRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mRNA is recruited to the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0051294 establishment of spindle orientation Deleted DEFINITION The processes that set the alignment of spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0042751 estivation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2008-05-16 GO:0010273 detoxification of copper ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of copper ion. These include transport of copper away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of copper ion.
2008-05-16 GO:0050787 detoxification of mercury ion Deleted DEFINITION The processes that reduce or remove the toxicity of mercuric ion. These include transport of mercury away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of mercury ion and/or reduction of mercury ion (Hg[II]) to metallic mercury (Hg[0]).
2008-05-16 GO:0051688 maintenance of plastid location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a plastid is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0045185 maintenance of protein location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration, stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that do move away.
2008-05-16 GO:0019044 maintenance of viral latency Deleted DEFINITION The processes required for maintaining the latent form of the viral genome within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0019045 latent virus replication Deleted DEFINITION The processes required for latent viral replication in a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051457 maintenance of protein location in nucleus Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is maintained in the nucleus and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the nucleus, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the nucleus.
2008-05-16 GO:0051237 maintenance of RNA location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which RNA is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010078 maintenance of root meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of a root meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0032255 maintenance of secretory granule location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a secretory granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010231 maintenance of seed dormancy Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a dormant state is maintained in a seed.
2008-05-16 GO:0010492 maintenance of shoot apical meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of the shoot apical meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051687 maintenance of spindle location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the spindle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0010079 maintenance of vegetative meristem identity Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of a vegetative meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2008-05-16 GO:0051655 maintenance of vesicle location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a vesicle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032418 lysosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a lysosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0008152 metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION Processes that cause many of the chemical changes in living organisms, including anabolism and catabolism. Metabolic processes typically transform small molecules, but also include macromolecular processes such as DNA repair and replication, and protein synthesis and degradation.
2008-05-16 GO:0033036 macromolecule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a macromolecule is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051651 maintenance of location in cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is maintained in a specific location within, or in the membrane of, a cell, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032507 maintenance of protein location in cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is maintained in a specific location within, or in the membrane of, a cell, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051661 maintenance of centrosome location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a centrosome is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051652 maintenance of chromosome location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a chromosome is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032189 maintenance of actomyosin contractile ring localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a contractile ring is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032257 maintenance of dense core granule location Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a dense core granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051704 multi-organism process Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0048871 multicellular organismal homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050879 multicellular organismal movement Deleted DEFINITION Physiological processes involved in changing the position of a multicellular organism or an anatomical part of a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0032501 multicellular organismal process Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes, occurring at the level of a multicellular organism, pertinent to its function.
2008-05-16 GO:0050891 multicellular organismal water homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a tissue, organ, or a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0055088 lipid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of lipid within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0007259 JAK-STAT cascade Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) are activated by members of the JAK (janus activated kinase) family of tyrosine kinases, following the binding of cytokines to their cognate receptor. Once activated, STATs dimerize and translocate to the nucleus and modulate the expression of target genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0019093 mitochondrial RNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which mitochondrial RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0033380 granzyme B localization to T cell secretory granule Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the protease granzyme B is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0030718 germ-line stem cell maintenance Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in preventing uncommitted germ-line stem cells from differentiating as another cell type.
2008-05-16 GO:0010509 polyamine homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a polyamine.
2008-05-16 GO:0033037 polysaccharide localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a polysaccharide is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0009405 pathogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that generate the ability of an organism to cause disease in another.
2008-05-16 GO:0007389 pattern specification process Deleted DEFINITION The developmental processes that result in the creation of defined areas or spaces within an organism to which cells respond and eventually are instructed to differentiate.
2008-05-16 GO:0050823 peptide antigen stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide antigen and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0055091 phospholipid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of phospholipid within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0052539 positive regulation by symbiont of defense-related host cell wall thickening Deleted DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of host processes resulting in the thickening of its cell walls, occurring as part of the defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0050822 peptide stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0051240 positive regulation of multicellular organismal process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of an organismal process, the processes pertinent to the function of an organism above the cellular level; includes the integrated processes of tissues and organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0009780 photosynthetic NADP+ reduction Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which NADP+ is reduced to NADPH. The light reactions of photosynthesis use energy from photons to generate high-energy electrons. These electrons are used directly to reduce NADP+ to NADPH. NADPH is a relatively stable molecule and can pass on its hydrogen atom to other molecules in chemical reactions.
2008-05-16 GO:0009777 photosynthetic phosphorylation Deleted DEFINITION The metabolic processes by which photosynthetic organisms use light energy to convert ADP to ATP without the concomitant reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water that occurs in phosphorylation.
2008-05-16 GO:0051875 pigment granule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051130 positive regulation of cellular component organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0048522 positive regulation of cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cellular processes, those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0002453 peripheral B cell anergy Deleted DEFINITION Any process contributing to anergy in peripheral B cells. Anergy is a state of functional inactivation and occurs as part of tolerance induction.
2008-05-16 GO:0002343 peripheral B cell selection Deleted DEFINITION Processes of B cell selection that occur in the periphery.
2008-05-16 GO:0060151 peroxisome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a peroxisome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location. A peroxisome is a small membrane-bounded organelle that uses dioxygen (O2) to oxidize organic molecules.
2008-05-16 GO:0046815 genome retention in viral capsid Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the viral genome is retained within the capsid during genome cleavage and packaging.
2008-05-16 GO:0021958 gracilis tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the gracilis tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the lower trunk and lower limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0060144 host cellular process involved in virus induced gene silencing Deleted DEFINITION The cellular processes occuring in the host cell that contribute to the process of posttranscriptional gene inactivation ('silencing') both of viral gene(s), and host gene(s) homologous to the viral genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051867 general adaptation syndrome, behavioral process Deleted DEFINITION The behavioral processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2008-05-16 GO:0006091 generation of precursor metabolites and energy Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of precursor metabolites, substances from which energy is derived, and the processes involved in the liberation of energy from these substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0006956 complement activation Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the complement cascade, which allows for the direct killing of microbes, the disposal of immune complexes, and the regulation of other immune processes; the initial steps of complement activation involve one of three pathways, the classical pathway, the alternative pathway, and the lectin pathway, all of which lead to the terminal complement pathway.
2008-05-16 GO:0006957 complement activation, alternative pathway Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the activation of any of the steps of the alternative pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0060086 circadian temperature homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The homeostatic processes by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature at different values with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0055082 cellular chemical homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a chemical at the level of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0019725 cellular homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051641 cellular localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within or in the membrane of a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0031202 RNA splicing factor activity, transesterification mechanism Added DEFINITION An activity which assists splicing of substrate RNA(s) by facilitating the formation and stabilization of a series of catalytic conformations in which key RNA sequences are positioned for a series of two transesterification reactions which result in removal of the intron sequence and joining of two exons.
2008-05-16 GO:0031345 negative regulation of cell projection organization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell projections.
2008-05-16 GO:0031503 protein complex localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0032189 maintenance of actomyosin contractile ring localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a contractile ring is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032204 regulation of telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process that affects and monitors the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032205 negative regulation of telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process that affects and monitors the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032206 positive regulation of telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a process that affects and monitors the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032207 regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a recombinational process involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032208 negative regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a recombinational process involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032209 positive regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a recombinational process involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032252 secretory granule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a secretory granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032253 dense core granule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a dense core granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032255 maintenance of secretory granule location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a secretory granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032257 maintenance of dense core granule location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a dense core granule is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032400 melanosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a melanosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032418 lysosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a lysosome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0043247 telomere maintenance in response to DNA damage Deleted DEFINITION The processes that occur in response to the presence of critically short telomeres.
2008-05-16 GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION The maintenance of proper telomeric length by recombinational processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0010050 vegetative phase change Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the transition of a plant from a juvenile phase of vegetative development to an adult phase of vegetative development.
2008-05-16 GO:0021974 trigeminothalamic tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the trigeminothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive and temperature signaling from the face.
2008-05-16 GO:0051648 vesicle localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a vesicle or vesicles are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0019067 viral assembly, maturation, egress, and release Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the assembly, maturation, egress, and release of progeny virions.
2008-05-16 GO:0046752 viral capsid precursor transport to host cell nucleus Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which viral capsid precursors are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location in the nucleus, thus accumulating the necessary components for assembly of a capsid.
2008-05-16 GO:0019070 viral genome maturation Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that occur on newly synthesized viral genomes.
2008-05-16 GO:0019062 virion attachment to host cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in the specific binding of a viral antireceptor to a cell surface receptor.
2008-05-16 GO:0019063 virion penetration into host cell Deleted DEFINITION The processes required for the introduction of virus particles into the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0030104 water homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0021963 spinothalamic tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the spinothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive signaling.
2008-05-16 GO:0021974 trigeminothalamic tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the trigeminothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive and temperature signaling from the face.
2008-05-16 GO:0030104 water homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0030431 sleep Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a periodic, readily reversible state of reduced awareness and metabolic activity. Usually accompanied by physical relaxation, the onset of sleep in humans and other mammals is marked by a change in the electrical activity of the brain.
2008-05-16 GO:0030718 germ-line stem cell maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process involved in preventing uncommitted germ-line stem cells from differentiating as another cell type.
2008-05-16 GO:0030722 establishment of oocyte nucleus localization involved in oocyte dorsal/ventral axis specification Added DEFINITION The directed movement of the nucleus to a specific location within the cell during the establishment and maintenance of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte. In the insect oocyte, for example, the nucleus is repositioned to a dorso-anterior position.
2008-05-16 GO:0031081 nuclear pore distribution Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of nuclear pores within the nuclear envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0031144 proteasome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which the proteasome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0019430 removal of superoxide radicals Added DEFINITION Any process involved in removing superoxide radicals (O2-) from a cell or organism, e.g. by conversion to dioxygen (O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2008-05-16 GO:0019725 cellular homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0021957 corticospinal tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a pyramidal cell, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in cerebral cortex layer V towards target cells in the gray matter of the spinal cord. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the corticospinal tract.
2008-05-16 GO:0021958 gracilis tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the gracilis tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the lower trunk and lower limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0021959 cuneatus tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the dorsal root ganglion towards target cells in the medulla. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the cuneatus tract, a group of axons that are from neurons involved in proprioception from the upper trunk and upper limb.
2008-05-16 GO:0021960 anterior commissure morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in one half of the cerebral cortex towards target cells in the contralateral half. This axonal process is a member of those that make up the anterior commissure, a small midline fiber tract that lies at the anterior end of the corpus callosum.
2008-05-16 GO:0043129 surfactant homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an equilibrium of the surface-active lipoprotein mixture which coats the alveoli.
2008-05-16 GO:0006352 DNA-templated transcription, initiation Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase complex at the promoter region of a DNA template resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in starting transcription from the RNA polymerase II promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0000118 histone deacetylase complex Deleted DEFINITION Complex that possesses histone deacetylase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000123 histone acetyltransferase complex Deleted DEFINITION Complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000124 SAGA complex Deleted DEFINITION A large multiprotein complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase and in involved in regulation of transcription. The budding yeast complex includes Gcn5p, several proteins of the Spt and Ada families, and several TBP-associate proteins (TAFs); analogous complexes in other species have analogous compositions, and usually contain homologs of the yeast proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000362 first U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000363 first U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6atac snRNA and/or U2atac snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000364 second U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000367 second U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0003012 muscle system process Deleted DEFINITION The biological processes, occurring at the level of a muscle. Muscle tissue is composed of contractile cells or fibers.
2008-05-16 GO:0033044 regulation of chromosome organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a chromosome.
2008-05-16 GO:0033368 protease localization to mast cell secretory granule Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a mast cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033375 protease localization to T cell secretory granule Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033380 granzyme B localization to T cell secretory granule Added DEFINITION Any process by which the protease granzyme B is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033566 gamma-tubulin complex localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a gamma-tubulin complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process of regulating the production and elimination of erythrocytes within an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0034335 DNA supercoiling activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the formation of positive or negative supercoils in a DNA molecule or region thereof; may be associated with a geometric or topological change in the DNA molecule.
2008-05-16 GO:0034397 telomere localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a telomere is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Added DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a steroid ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a steroid molecule (e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0034434 sterol esterification Added DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a sterol molecule (e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0034446 substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading Added DEFINITION The morphogenetic process by which flattening of a cell takes place as a consequence of its adhesion to a substrate.
2008-05-16 GO:0032439 endosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which endosomes are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0032501 multicellular organismal process Added DEFINITION Any biological process, occurring at the level of a multicellular organism, pertinent to its function.
2008-05-16 GO:0032507 maintenance of protein location in cell Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in a specific location within, or in the membrane of, a cell, and is prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0032995 regulation of fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the fungal-type cell wall. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2008-05-16 GO:0033036 macromolecule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a macromolecule is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0033037 polysaccharide localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a polysaccharide is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0033043 regulation of organelle organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of an organelle.
2008-05-16 GO:0046779 suppression by virus of expression of host genes with introns Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that discriminate against and subsequently inhibit host transcripts containing introns, thus allowing only intronless viral mRNA to be fully processed.
2008-05-16 GO:0019050 suppression by virus of host apoptotic process Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes and gene products that result in the inhibition of apoptosis, facilitating prolonged cell survival during viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0046791 suppression by virus of host complement neutralization Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of complement neutralization of the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046775 suppression by virus of host cytokine production Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of host cell cytokine production.
2008-05-16 GO:0019053 suppression by virus of host extracellular antiviral response Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of extracellular (adaptive immune response) antiviral mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0019052 suppression by virus of host intracellular antiviral response Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of intracellular (innate immune response) antiviral mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0046780 suppression by virus of host mRNA splicing Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that inhibit the splicing of host mRNA, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0045167 asymmetric protein localization involved in cell fate determination Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution, resulting in the formation of daughter cells of different types.
2008-05-16 GO:0045175 basal protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, basal regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045176 apical protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, apical regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045185 maintenance of protein location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration, stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that do move away.
2008-05-16 GO:0045058 T cell selection Deleted DEFINITION The process through which T cells that express T cell receptors that are restricted by self MHC protein complexes and tolerant to self antigens are selected for further maturation.
2008-05-16 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Deleted DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a steroid ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a steroid moleculen(e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0034434 sterol esterification Deleted DEFINITION A lipid modification process in which a sterol ester is formed by the combination of a carboxylic acid (often a fatty acid) and a sterol moleculen(e.g. cholesterol).
2008-05-16 GO:0006950 response to stress Deleted DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2008-05-16 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Deleted DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the fungal-type cell wall.
2008-05-16 GO:0018467 formaldehyde dehydrogenase activity Deleted DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formaldehyde + NAD+ + H2O = formate + NADH + H+. Unlike EC:1.2.1.1 formaldehyde dehydrogenase (glutathione), this enzyme does not need reduced glutathione.
2008-05-16 GO:0046773 suppression by virus of host translation termination Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that inhibit the termination of host cell protein biosynthesis that occurs in response to viral infection.
2008-05-16 GO:0046774 suppression by virus of host intracellular interferon activity Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of interferon activity within the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046776 suppression by virus of host antigen processing and presentation of peptide antigen via MHC class I Deleted DEFINITION Viral processes that result in the inhibition of presentation of MHC class I antigen-presenting proteins on the host cell surface.
2008-05-16 GO:0048877 homeostasis of number of retina cells Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0048878 chemical homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of a chemical.
2008-05-16 GO:0050000 chromosome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a chromosome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0046773 suppression by virus of host translation termination Added DEFINITION Any viral process that inhibits the termination of host cell protein biosynthesis that occurs in response to viral infection.
2008-05-16 GO:0046774 suppression by virus of host intracellular interferon activity Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of interferon activity within the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046775 suppression by virus of host cytokine production Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of host cell cytokine production.
2008-05-16 GO:0046776 suppression by virus of host antigen processing and presentation of peptide antigen via MHC class I Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of presentation of MHC class I antigen-presenting proteins on the host cell surface.
2008-05-16 GO:0050886 endocrine process Deleted DEFINITION The hormonal, neural, and secretory processes that release products into the blood or lymph. These products have specific effects on other organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0032439 endosome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which endosomes are transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0055089 fatty acid homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of fatty acid within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042262 DNA protection Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2008-05-16 GO:0006310 DNA recombination Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a new genotype is formed by reassortment of genes resulting in gene combinations different from those that were present in the parents. In eukaryotes genetic recombination can occur by chromosome assortment, intrachromosomal recombination, or nonreciprocal interchromosomal recombination. Intrachromosomal recombination occurs by crossing over. In bacteria it may occur by genetic transformation, conjugation, transduction, or F-duction.
2008-05-16 GO:0009307 DNA restriction-modification system Deleted DEFINITION The processes that protect an organism from invading foreign DNA by methylation of self DNA at specific sequences and nucleolytic cleavage of unmethylated foreign DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0007565 female pregnancy Deleted DEFINITION The physiological processes that allow an embryo or foetus to develop within the body of a female animal. It covers the time from fertilization of a female ovum by a male spermatozoon until birth.
2008-05-16 GO:0032253 dense core granule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a dense core granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0010481 epidermal cell division Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of an epidermal cell, any of the cells making up the epidermis, into daughter cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0055060 asymmetric neuroblast division resulting in ganglion mother cell formation Deleted DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of a neuroblast into a neuroblast and a ganglion mother cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008105 asymmetric protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution.
2008-05-16 GO:0045167 asymmetric protein localization involved in cell fate determination Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution, resulting in the formation of daughter cells of different types.
2008-05-16 GO:0055090 acylglycerol homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of acylglycerol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0021960 anterior commissure morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in one half of the cerebral cortex towards target cells in the contralateral half. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the anterior commissure, a small midline fiber tract that lies at the anterior end of the corpus callosum.
2008-05-16 GO:0045175 basal protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, basal regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008366 axon ensheathment Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the axon of a neuron is insulated, and that insulation maintained, thereby preventing dispersion of the electrical signal.
2008-05-16 GO:0051705 multi-organism behavior Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism has an observable behavioral effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0045176 apical protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, apical regions of the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0048228 actin cortical patch distribution Deleted DEFINITION The processes that establish the spatial arrangement of actin cortical patches. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0051666 actin cortical patch localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which actin cortical patches are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found just beneath the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0044405 recognition of host Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its host via physical or chemical signals. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0051824 recognition of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of a second organism via physical or chemical signals, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0045292 mRNA cis splicing, via spliceosome Added DEFINITION The joining together, after removal of an intervening sequence composed of one or more introns, of two segments of the same RNA molecule via spliceosomal catalysis to produce an mRNA composed only of exon sequences that all came from the same primary transcript.
2008-05-16 GO:0045450 bicoid mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which bicoid mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0045451 pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0045453 bone resorption Added DEFINITION The process by which specialized cells known as osteoclasts degrade the organic and inorganic portions of bone, and endocytose and transport the degradation products.
2008-05-16 GO:0045454 cell redox homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process that maintain the redox environment of a cell or compartment within a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0045855 negative regulation of pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0046595 establishment of pole plasm mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which mRNA is recruited to the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0046752 viral capsid precursor transport to host cell nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process by which viral capsid precursors are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location in the nucleus, thus accumulating the necessary components for assembly of a capsid.
2008-05-16 GO:0042593 glucose homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of glucose within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042632 cholesterol homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of cholesterol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0042750 hibernation Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
2008-05-16 GO:0042751 estivation Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy, similar to hibernation, but that occurs during the summer. It insulates against heat to prevent the harmful effects of the season.
2008-05-16 GO:0043043 peptide biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptides, compounds of 2 or more (but usually less than 100) amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another. This may include the translation of a precursor protein and its subsequent processing into a functional peptide.
2008-05-16 GO:0043129 surfactant homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an equilibrium of the surface-active lipoprotein mixture which coats the alveoli.
2008-05-16 GO:0043143 regulation of translation by machinery localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which proteins and protein complexes involved in translation are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0043146 spindle stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0043152 induction of bacterial agglutination Added DEFINITION Any process by which infecting bacteria are clumped together by a host organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0043179 rhythmic excitation Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous excitatory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0043180 rhythmic inhibition Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous inhibitory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0043247 telomere maintenance in response to DNA damage Added DEFINITION Any process that occur in response to the presence of critically short telomeres.
2008-05-16 GO:0043366 beta selection Added DEFINITION The process by which successful recombination of a T cell receptor beta chain into a translatable protein coding sequence leads to rescue from apoptosis and subsequent proliferation of an immature T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process by which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2008-05-16 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Added DEFINITION Any process by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2008-05-16 GO:0034447 very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance Added DEFINITION The process by which a very-low-density lipoprotein particle is removed from the blood via receptor-mediated endocytosis and its constituent parts degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0042049 cellular acyl-CoA homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of acyl-CoA within a cell or between a cell and its external environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0042245 RNA repair Added DEFINITION Any process by which damaged RNA can be repaired.
2008-05-16 GO:0042262 DNA protection Added DEFINITION Any process by which DNA is protected from damage by, for example, oxidative stress.
2008-05-16 GO:0042309 homoiothermy Added DEFINITION Any homoeostatic process by which an organism maintains its internal body temperature at a relatively constant value. This is achieved by using metabolic processes to counteract fluctuations in the temperature of the environment.
2008-05-16 GO:0042381 hemolymph coagulation Added DEFINITION Any process by which factors in the hemolymph (the invertebrate equivalent of vertebrate blood and lymph) precipitate into insoluble clots in order to prevent loss of body fluid, and at the same time prevent the movement of microbes. Hemolymph coagulation is also part of the invertebrate humoral immune response.
2008-05-16 GO:0042387 plasmatocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process by which a hemocyte precursor cell acquires the characteristics of the phagocytic blood-cell type, the plasmatocyte. Plasmatocytes are a class of arthropod hemocytes important in the cellular defense response.
2008-05-16 GO:0042592 homeostatic process Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium.
2008-05-16 GO:0044238 primary metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving those compounds which are formed as a part of the normal anabolic and catabolic processes. These processes take place in most, if not all, cells of the organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0044405 recognition of host Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its host via physical or chemical signals. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0044419 interspecies interaction between organisms Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has an observable effect on an organism of a different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0045058 T cell selection Added DEFINITION The process by which T cells that express T cell receptors that are restricted by self MHC protein complexes and tolerant to self antigens are selected for further maturation.
2008-05-16 GO:0043180 rhythmic inhibition Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous inhibitory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0048511 rhythmic process Deleted DEFINITION Those processes pertinent to the generation and maintenance of rhythms in the physiology of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0060024 rhythmic synaptic transmission Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0055092 sterol homeostasis Deleted DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of sterol within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0014888 striated muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which striated muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2008-05-16 GO:0043501 skeletal muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals.
2008-05-16 GO:0043503 skeletal muscle fiber adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which the skeletal muscle fibers change their phenotypic profiles in response to altered functional demands and a variety of signals. Muscle fibres are formed by the maturation of myotubes. They can be classed as slow, intermediate/fast or fast.
2008-05-16 GO:0042245 RNA repair Deleted DEFINITION The various processes by which damaged RNA can be repaired.
2008-05-16 GO:0030431 sleep Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which an organism enters and maintains a periodic, readily reversible state of reduced awareness and metabolic activity. Usually accompanied by physical relaxation, the onset of sleep in humans and other mammals is marked by a change in the electrical activity of the brain.
2008-05-16 GO:0014805 smooth muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which smooth muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2008-05-16 GO:0048254 snoRNA localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which small nucleolar RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0014733 regulation of skeletal muscle adaptation Deleted DEFINITION Processes by which skeletal muscle adapts, with consequent modifications to structural and/or functional phenotypes, in response to a stimulus. Stimuli include contractile activity, loading conditions, substrate supply, and environmental factors. These adaptive events occur in both muscle fibers and associated structures (motoneurons and capillaries), and they involve alterations in regulatory mechanisms, contractile properties and metabolic capacities.
2008-05-16 GO:0050689 negative regulation of defense response to virus by host Added DEFINITION Any host process that results in the inhibition of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0050787 detoxification of mercury ion Added DEFINITION Any process that reduce or remove the toxicity of mercuric ion. These include transport of mercury away from sensitive areas and to compartments or complexes whose purpose is sequestration of mercury ion and/or reduction of mercury ion (Hg[II]) to metallic mercury (Hg[0]).
2008-05-16 GO:0050794 regulation of cellular process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a cellular process, any of those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0050801 ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of ions within an organism or cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050821 protein stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a protein and preventing it from degradation or aggregation.
2008-05-16 GO:0050822 peptide stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0050823 peptide antigen stabilization Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a peptide antigen and preventing it from being degraded.
2008-05-16 GO:0050879 multicellular organismal movement Added DEFINITION Any physiological process involved in changing the position of a multicellular organism or an anatomical part of a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050884 neuromuscular process controlling posture Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism voluntarily modulates its posture, the alignment of its anatomical parts.
2008-05-16 GO:0050885 neuromuscular process controlling balance Added DEFINITION Any process that an organism uses to control its balance, the orientation of the organism (or the head of the organism) in relation to the source of gravity. In humans and animals, balance is perceived through visual cues, the labyrinth system of the inner ears and information from skin pressure receptors and muscle and joint receptors.
2008-05-16 GO:0050886 endocrine process Added DEFINITION Any of the hormonal, neural, and secretory processes that release products into the blood or lymph. These products have specific effects on other organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0050891 multicellular organismal water homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a tissue, organ, or a multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0050892 intestinal absorption Added DEFINITION Any process by which nutrients are taken up from the contents of the intestine.
2008-05-16 GO:0033044 regulation of chromosome organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a chromosome.
2008-05-16 GO:0010082 regulation of root meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a root meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0031503 protein complex localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0010080 regulation of floral meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a floral meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0032206 positive regulation of telomere maintenance Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032209 positive regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of recombinational processes involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0008104 protein localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0050821 protein stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a protein and preventing it from degradation or aggregation.
2008-05-16 GO:0010081 regulation of inflorescence meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of an inflorescence meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0051855 recognition of symbiont Deleted DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its symbiont via physical or chemical signals. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0010075 regulation of meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0044238 primary metabolic process Deleted DEFINITION Reactions involving those compounds which are formed as a part of the normal anabolic and catabolic processes. These processes take place in most, if not all, cells of the organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0033043 regulation of organelle organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of an organelle.
2008-05-16 GO:0051128 regulation of cellular component organization Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the processes involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0033368 protease localization to mast cell secretory granule Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a mast cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0033375 protease localization to T cell secretory granule Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a protease is transported to, or maintained in, a location within a secretory granule in a T cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0031144 proteasome localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the proteasome is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0050794 regulation of cellular process Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular processes, those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0046778 modification by virus of host mRNA processing Added DEFINITION Any viral process that interferes with the processing of mRNA in the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046779 suppression by virus of expression of host genes with introns Added DEFINITION Any viral process that discriminates against and subsequently inhibits host transcripts containing introns, thus allowing only intronless viral mRNA to be fully processed.
2008-05-16 GO:0046780 suppression by virus of host mRNA splicing Added DEFINITION Any viral process that inhibits the splicing of host mRNA, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0046781 dispersion by virus of host splicing factors Added DEFINITION Any viral process that disperses host splicing factors (snRNPs) to prevent host mRNA splicing, thus reducing host protein production.
2008-05-16 GO:0046783 modification by virus of host polysomes Added DEFINITION Any viral process that interferes with and inhibits the assembly and function of polysomes.
2008-05-16 GO:0046791 suppression by virus of host complement neutralization Added DEFINITION Any viral process that results in the inhibition of complement neutralization of the host cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0046815 genome retention in viral capsid Added DEFINITION Any process by which the viral genome is retained within the capsid during genome cleavage and packaging.
2008-05-16 GO:0048228 actin cortical patch distribution Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of actin cortical patches. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048254 snoRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which small nucleolar RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0048311 mitochondrion distribution Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria between and within cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048312 intracellular distribution of mitochondria Added DEFINITION Any process that establish the spatial arrangement of mitochondria within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0048478 replication fork protection Added DEFINITION Any process that prevents the collapse of stalled replication forks.
2008-05-16 GO:0048511 rhythmic process Added DEFINITION Any process pertinent to the generation and maintenance of rhythms in the physiology of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0048522 positive regulation of cellular process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a cellular process, any of those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0048523 negative regulation of cellular process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a cellular process, any of those that are carried out at the cellular level, but are not necessarily restricted to a single cell. For example, cell communication occurs among more than one cell, but occurs at the cellular level.
2008-05-16 GO:0048838 release of seed from dormancy Added DEFINITION Any process by which the dormant state comes to an end in a seed.
2008-05-16 GO:0048871 multicellular organismal homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium at the level of the multicellular organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0048872 homeostasis of number of cells Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0048873 homeostasis of number of cells within a tissue Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in a tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0048875 chemical homeostasis within a tissue Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the tissue.
2008-05-16 GO:0048876 chemical homeostasis within retina Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the maintenance of the internal equilibrium of the amount of a chemical at the level of the retina.
2008-05-16 GO:0051704 multi-organism process Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has an effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0051705 multi-organism behavior Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has an observable behavioral effect on another organism of the same or different species.
2008-05-16 GO:0051824 recognition of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of a second organism via physical or chemical signals, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0051855 recognition of symbiont Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of its symbiont via physical or chemical signals. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2008-05-16 GO:0051867 general adaptation syndrome, behavioral process Added DEFINITION The set of behavioral processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2008-05-16 GO:0051875 pigment granule localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a pigment granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051653 spindle localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which is the spindle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051655 maintenance of vesicle location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a vesicle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051657 maintenance of organelle location Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organelle is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051658 maintenance of nucleus location Added DEFINITION Any process by which the nucleus is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051659 maintenance of mitochondrion location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a mitochondrion is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051653 spindle localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which is the spindle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0000118 histone deacetylase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses histone deacetylase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000123 histone acetyltransferase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase activity.
2008-05-16 GO:0000124 SAGA complex Added DEFINITION A large multiprotein complex that possesses histone acetyltransferase activity and is involved in regulation of transcription. The budding yeast complex includes Gcn5p, several proteins of the Spt and Ada families, and several TBP-associate proteins (TAFs); analogous complexes in other species have analogous compositions, and usually contain homologs of the yeast proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000362 first U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000363 first U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the first transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. The intron branch site adenosine is the nucleophile attacking the 5' splice site, resulting in cleavage at this position. In cis splicing, this is the step that forms a lariat structure of the intron RNA, which is still joined to the 3' exon. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6atac snRNA and/or U2atac snRNA, and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000364 second U2-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U2-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000367 second U12-type spliceosomal transesterification activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the second transesterification reaction of U12-type spliceosomal mRNA splicing. Ligation of the two exons occurs via a transesterification reaction where the free 3'-hydroxyl group of the 5' exon is the nucleophile attacking the 3' splice site. Non-expressed sequences are now detached from the exons. In cis splicing, the intron is in a lariat structure. The catalytic site is thought to be formed by U6 and/or U2 snRNAs and/or associated proteins.
2008-05-16 GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION Any recombinational process that contributes to the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0000723 telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION Any process that contributes to the maintenance of proper telomeric length and structure by affecting and monitoring the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA. These processes includes those that shorten and lengthen the telomeric DNA sequences.
2008-05-16 GO:0001553 luteinization Added DEFINITION The set of processes resulting in differentiation of theca and granulosa cells into luteal cells and in the formation of a corpus luteum after ovulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0001867 complement activation, lectin pathway Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the activation of any of the steps of the lectin pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0002230 positive regulation of defense response to virus by host Added DEFINITION Any host process that results in the promotion of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby limiting viral replication.
2008-05-16 GO:0002340 central B cell selection Added DEFINITION Any B cell selection process that occurs in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0002341 central B cell anergy Added DEFINITION Any process contributing to anergy, a state of functional inactivation that occurs as part of tolerance induction, in B cells in the bone marrow.
2008-05-16 GO:0002343 peripheral B cell selection Added DEFINITION Any B cell selection process that occurs in the periphery.
2008-05-16 GO:0002453 peripheral B cell anergy Added DEFINITION Any process contributing to anergy, a state of functional inactivation that occurs as part of tolerance induction, in peripheral B cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0003012 muscle system process Added DEFINITION A organ system process carried out at the level of a muscle. Muscle tissue is composed of contractile cells or fibers.
2008-05-16 GO:0006091 generation of precursor metabolites and energy Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of precursor metabolites, substances from which energy is derived, and any process involved in the liberation of energy from these substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0006310 DNA recombination Added DEFINITION Any process by which a new genotype is formed by reassortment of genes resulting in gene combinations different from those that were present in the parents. In eukaryotes genetic recombination can occur by chromosome assortment, intrachromosomal recombination, or nonreciprocal interchromosomal recombination. Intrachromosomal recombination occurs by crossing over. In bacteria it may occur by genetic transformation, conjugation, transduction, or F-duction.
2008-05-16 GO:0006352 DNA-templated transcription, initiation Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the assembly of the RNA polymerase complex at the promoter region of a DNA template, resulting in the subsequent synthesis of RNA from that promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0006367 transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION Any process involved in starting transcription from the RNA polymerase II promoter.
2008-05-16 GO:0006884 cell volume homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in maintaining the equilibrium of a cell's volume. The cell's volume refers to the three-dimensional space occupied by a cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0051601 exocyst localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which an exocyst is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An exocyst is a protein complex peripherally associated with the plasma membrane that determines where secretory vesicles dock and fuse.
2008-05-16 GO:0051640 organelle localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organelle is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051294 establishment of spindle orientation Added DEFINITION Any process that set the alignment of spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0051296 establishment of meiotic spindle orientation Added DEFINITION Any process that set the alignment of meiotic spindle relative to other cellular structures.
2008-05-16 GO:0051301 cell division Added DEFINITION The process resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of a cell into daughter cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0051410 detoxification of nitrogen compound Added DEFINITION Any process that reduce or remove the toxicity of nitrogenous compounds which are dangerous or toxic. This includes the aerobic conversion of toxic compounds to harmless substances.
2008-05-16 GO:0051426 spindle pole body maturation Added DEFINITION Any process by which the newly duplicated spindle pole body (SPB) is processed to attain its full functional capacity. In S. pombe, early maturation includes increase in size of the lamellar bodies, invagination of the nuclear envelope, and accumulation of material in a pocket under the SPB. Late maturation includes fenestration of the nuclear envelope, SPB separation and entry into the nucleus, giving rise to the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0051457 maintenance of protein location in nucleus Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is maintained in the nucleus and prevented from moving elsewhere. These include sequestration within the nucleus, protein stabilization to prevent transport elsewhere and the active retrieval of proteins that escape the nucleus.
2008-05-16 GO:0032204 regulation of telomere maintenance Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0032207 regulation of telomere maintenance via recombination Deleted DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of recombinational processes involved in the maintenance of proper telomeric length.
2008-05-16 GO:0032252 secretory granule localization Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which a secretory granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0050893 sensory processing Deleted DEFINITION The neural processes required for an organism to sense and interpret the dimensions of a sensory experience: modality, location, intensity and affect.
2008-05-16 GO:0050893 sensory processing Added DEFINITION Any neural process required for an organism to sense and interpret the dimensions of a sensory experience: modality, location, intensity and affect.
2008-05-16 GO:0050894 determination of affect Added DEFINITION Any process by which an emotional response is associated with a particular sensory stimulation.
2008-05-16 GO:0050905 neuromuscular process Added DEFINITION Any process pertaining to the functions of the nervous and muscular systems of an organism.
2008-05-16 GO:0051128 regulation of cellular component organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051129 negative regulation of cellular component organization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051130 positive regulation of cellular component organization Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell structures, including the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2008-05-16 GO:0051179 localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a cell, a substance, or a cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is transported to, and/or maintained in a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051235 maintenance of location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a cell, substance or cellular entity, such as a protein complex or organelle, is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051237 maintenance of RNA location Added DEFINITION Any process by which RNA is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051240 positive regulation of multicellular organismal process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of an organismal process, any of the processes pertinent to the function of an organism above the cellular level; includes the integrated processes of tissues and organs.
2008-05-16 GO:0051426 spindle pole body maturation Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the newly duplicated spindle pole body (SPB) is processed to attain its full functional capacity. In S. pombe, early maturation includes increase in size of the lamellar bodies, invagination of the nuclear envelope, and accumulation of material in a pocket under the SPB. Late maturation includes fenestration of the nuclear envelope, SPB separation and entry into the nucleus, giving rise to the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0043146 spindle stabilization Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of the spindle.
2008-05-16 GO:0021963 spinothalamic tract morphogenesis Deleted DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the spinothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive signaling.
2008-05-16 GO:0010083 regulation of vegetative meristem growth Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the size and shape of a vegetative meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0048838 release of seed from dormancy Deleted DEFINITION The processes by which the dormant state comes to an end in a seed.
2008-05-16 GO:0019430 removal of superoxide radicals Deleted DEFINITION The processes involved in removing superoxide radicals (O2-) from a cell or organism, e.g. by conversion to dioxygen (O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2008-05-16 GO:0043179 rhythmic excitation Deleted DEFINITION Processes involved in the generation of rhythmic, synchronous excitatory synaptic inputs in a neural circuit.
2008-05-16 GO:0048478 replication fork protection Deleted DEFINITION Processes preventing the collapse of stalled replication forks.
2008-05-16 GO:0060086 circadian temperature homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any homeostatic process by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature at different values with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0060144 host cellular process involved in virus induced gene silencing Added DEFINITION The set of cellular processes occuring in the host cell that contribute to the process of posttranscriptional gene inactivation ('silencing') both of viral gene(s), and host gene(s) homologous to the viral genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0060151 peroxisome localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a peroxisome is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location. A peroxisome is a small membrane-bounded organelle that uses dioxygen (O2) to oxidize organic molecules.
2008-05-16 GO:0007107 membrane addition at site of cytokinesis Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the net addition of membrane at the site of cytokinesis; includes vesicle recruitment and fusion, local lipid synthesis and insertion.
2008-05-16 GO:0007259 JAK-STAT cascade Added DEFINITION Any process by which STAT proteins (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) are activated by members of the JAK (janus activated kinase) family of tyrosine kinases, following the binding of cytokines to their cognate receptor. Once activated, STATs dimerize and translocate to the nucleus and modulate the expression of target genes.
2008-05-16 GO:0007316 pole plasm RNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0007318 pole plasm protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2008-05-16 GO:0007389 pattern specification process Added DEFINITION Any developmental process that results in the creation of defined areas or spaces within an organism to which cells respond and eventually are instructed to differentiate.
2008-05-16 GO:0007565 female pregnancy Added DEFINITION The set of physiological processes that allow an embryo or foetus to develop within the body of a female animal. It covers the time from fertilization of a female ovum by a male spermatozoon until birth.
2008-05-16 GO:0007623 circadian rhythm Added DEFINITION Any biological process in an organism that recur with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2008-05-16 GO:0007639 homeostasis of number of meristem cells Added DEFINITION Any biological process involved in the maintenance of the equilibrium of cell number within a population of cells in the meristem.
2008-05-16 GO:0008104 protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0008105 asymmetric protein localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific asymmetric distribution.
2008-05-16 GO:0008150 biological_process Added DEFINITION Any process specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms. A process is a collection of molecular events with a defined beginning and end.
2008-05-16 GO:0008152 metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways, including anabolism and catabolism, by which living organisms transform chemical substances. Metabolic processes typically transform small molecules, but also include macromolecular processes such as DNA repair and replication, and protein synthesis and degradation.
2008-05-16 GO:0008298 intracellular mRNA localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which RNA is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2008-05-16 GO:0008366 axon ensheathment Added DEFINITION Any process by which the axon of a neuron is insulated, and that insulation maintained, thereby preventing dispersion of the electrical signal.
2008-05-16 GO:0009058 biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of substances; typically the energy-requiring part of metabolism in which simpler substances are transformed into more complex ones.
2008-05-16 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the fungal-type cell wall. The fungal-type cell wall contains beta-glucan and may contain chitin.
2008-05-16 GO:0009307 DNA restriction-modification system Added DEFINITION Any process that protect an organism from invading foreign DNA by methylation of self DNA at specific sequences and nucleolytic cleavage of unmethylated foreign DNA.
2008-05-16 GO:0009405 pathogenesis Added DEFINITION The set of specific processes that generate the ability of an organism to cause disease in another.
2008-05-16 GO:0009631 cold acclimation Added DEFINITION Any process that increases freezing tolerance of an organism in response to low, nonfreezing temperatures.
2008-05-16 GO:0009650 UV protection Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism or cell protects itself from ultraviolet radiation (UV), which may also result in resistance to repeated exposure to UV.
2008-05-16 GO:0006950 response to stress Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a disturbance in organismal or cellular homeostasis, usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2008-05-16 GO:0006956 complement activation Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the activation of any of the steps of the complement cascade, which allows for the direct killing of microbes, the disposal of immune complexes, and the regulation of other immune processes; the initial steps of complement activation involve one of three pathways, the classical pathway, the alternative pathway, and the lectin pathway, all of which lead to the terminal complement pathway.
2008-05-16 GO:0051661 maintenance of centrosome location Added DEFINITION Any process by which a centrosome is maintained in a specific location within a cell and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2008-05-16 GO:0051663 oocyte nucleus localization involved in oocyte dorsal/ventral axis specification Added DEFINITION The directed movement of the nucleus to a specific location within a cell during the establishment and maintenance of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte.
2008-05-16 GO:0051664 nuclear pore localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which nuclear pores are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-16 GO:0051665 membrane raft localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which membrane rafts are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. Membrane rafts are small (10-200 nm), heterogeneous, highly dynamic, sterol- and sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains that compartmentalize cellular processes.
2008-05-16 GO:0051666 actin cortical patch localization Added DEFINITION Any process by which actin cortical patches are transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. An actin cortical patch is a discrete actin-containing structure found just beneath the plasma membrane in fungal cells.
2008-05-16 GO:0006957 complement activation, alternative pathway Added DEFINITION Any process involved in the activation of any of the steps of the alternative pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes.
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