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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2008-05-13

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 GO:0003886 DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity Added SECONDARY GO:0008326 (site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity)
2008-05-13 GO:0045053 protein retention in Golgi apparatus Added RELATION part of GO:0034067 (protein localization to Golgi apparatus)
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added RELATION is a GO:0016773 (phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor)
2008-05-13 GO:0042157 lipoprotein metabolic process Added RELATION is a GO:0044260 (cellular macromolecule metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0042157 lipoprotein metabolic process Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044267 (cellular protein metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0042161 lipoprotein oxidation Deleted RELATION is a GO:0018158 (protein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0042175 nuclear outer membrane-endoplasmic reticulum membrane network Added RELATION is a GO:0016020 (membrane)
2008-05-13 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0030258 (lipid modification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0008202 (steroid metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0034434 sterol esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0034433 (steroid esterification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034435 cholesterol esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0034434 (sterol esterification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034436 glycoprotein transport Added RELATION is a GO:0015031 (protein transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0034437 glycoprotein transporter activity Added RELATION is a GO:0008565 (protein transporter activity)
2008-05-13 GO:0034438 lipoprotein amino acid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034438 lipoprotein amino acid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0018158 (protein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034439 lipoprotein lipid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034439 lipoprotein lipid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034440 (lipid oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034440 lipid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0030258 (lipid modification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034441 plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034442 regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0050746 (regulation of lipoprotein metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0034442 regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION regulates GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0050748 (negative regulation of lipoprotein metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION negatively regulates GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034442 (regulation of lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034444 regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034442 (regulation of lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034444 regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION regulates GO:0034441 (plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034444 (regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034443 (negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION negatively regulates GO:0034441 (plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0032940 secretion by cell Added RELATION is a GO:0006810 (transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0030259 lipid glycosylation Deleted RELATION is a GO:0043413 (macromolecule glycosylation)
2008-05-13 GO:0019867 outer membrane Added RELATION is a GO:0016020 (membrane)
2008-05-13 GO:0019867 outer membrane Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044425 (membrane part)
2008-05-13 GO:0019395 fatty acid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034440 (lipid oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0016320 endoplasmic reticulum membrane fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0048284 (organelle fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0016189 synaptic vesicle to endosome fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0048284 (organelle fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0015036 disulfide oxidoreductase activity Added RELATION is a GO:0016667 (oxidoreductase activity, acting on a sulfur group of donors)
2008-05-13 GO:0015036 disulfide oxidoreductase activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0016491 (oxidoreductase activity)
2008-05-13 GO:0012505 endomembrane system Added RELATION is a GO:0044464 (cell part)
2008-05-13 GO:0012505 endomembrane system Deleted RELATION is a GO:0016020 (membrane)
2008-05-13 GO:0012506 vesicle membrane Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044425 (membrane part)
2008-05-13 GO:0009306 protein secretion Added RELATION is a GO:0015031 (protein transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0008326 site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0003886 (DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity)
2008-05-13 GO:0008053 mitochondrial fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0006944 (cellular membrane fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0007269 neurotransmitter secretion Added RELATION is a GO:0006836 (neurotransmitter transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0006906 vesicle fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0048284 (organelle fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0002084 protein depalmitoylation Added RELATION is a GO:0006464 (cellular protein modification process)
2008-05-13 GO:0000046 autophagic vacuole fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0006944 (cellular membrane fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0000139 Golgi membrane Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044425 (membrane part)
2008-05-13 GO:0051903 S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione dehydrogenase activity Added XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0709
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added XREF IMG:02616
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added XREF EC:2.7.1
2008-05-13 GO:0018710 acetone carboxylase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0386
2008-05-13 GO:0018755 2-chloro-4-hydroxy-6-amino-1,3,5-triazine aminohydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0099
2008-05-13 GO:0018756 ammeline aminohydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0096
2008-05-13 GO:0018777 1,3,4,6-tetrachloro-1,4-cyclohexadiene halidohydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0361
2008-05-13 GO:0018783 deisopropyldeethylatrazine hydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0095
2008-05-13 GO:0018812 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0183
2008-05-13 GO:0018478 malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (acetylating) activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0027
2008-05-13 GO:0018538 epoxide carboxylase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0040
2008-05-13 GO:0018591 methyl tertiary butyl ether 3-monooxygenase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0405
2008-05-13 GO:0018594 tert-butanol 2-monooxygenase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0406
2008-05-13 GO:0018671 4-hydroxybenzoate 3-monooxygenase [NAD(P)H] activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0193
2008-05-13 GO:0018459 carveol dehydrogenase activity Added XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0446
2008-05-13 GO:0018459 carveol dehydrogenase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e04
2008-05-13 GO:0015035 protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity Added XREF MetaCyc:DISULFOXRED-RXN
2008-05-13 GO:0008959 phosphate acetyltransferase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0029
2008-05-13 GO:0008326 site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity Deleted XREF MetaCyc:2.1.1.73-RXN
2008-05-13 GO:0008326 site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity Deleted XREF EC:2.1.1.-
2008-05-13 GO:0003886 DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity Added XREF MetaCyc:2.1.1.73-RXN
2008-05-13 GO:0004794 L-threonine ammonia-lyase activity Deleted SYNONYM 4.2.1.16
2008-05-13 GO:0003886 DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity Added SYNONYM site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added SYNONYM inhibition of lipoprotein oxidation
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added SYNONYM inhibition of plasma lipoprotein oxidation
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added SYNONYM thrH
2008-05-13 GO:0033014 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2008-05-13 GO:0033526 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process from glutamate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next, from other compouds, including L-glutamate.
2008-05-13 GO:0033527 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process from glycine and succinyl-CoA Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next, from other compouds, including glycine and succinyl-CoA.
2008-05-13 GO:0033015 tetrapyrrole catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the breakdown of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2008-05-13 GO:0033013 tetrapyrrole metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2008-05-13 GO:0016109 tetraterpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0016110 tetraterpenoid catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0016108 tetraterpenoid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0046866 tetraterpenoid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tetraterpenoids into, out of, within or between cells. Tetraterpenoids are terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0033348 tetrose biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a tetrose, any monosaccharide with a chain of four carbon atoms in the molecule.
2008-05-13 GO:0033347 tetrose metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a tetrose, any monosaccharide with a chain of four carbon atoms in the molecule.
2008-05-13 GO:0033415 UGA codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGA codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0033414 UGC codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGC codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0033416 UGG codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGG codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0033413 UGU codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGT codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0021794 thalamus development Added DEFINITION The process by which the thalamus changes over time, from its initial formation to its mature state.
2008-05-13 GO:0051746 thalianol synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cyclization of 3(S)-oxidosqualene to (3S,13S,14R)-malabarica-8,17,21-trien-3-ol (thalianol).
2008-05-13 GO:0050330 theanine hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N5-ethyl-L-glutamine + H2O = L-glutamate + ethylamine.
2008-05-13 GO:0042695 thelarche Added DEFINITION The beginning of development of the breasts in the female.
2008-05-13 GO:0050955 thermoception Added DEFINITION The series of events required for an organism to receive a temperature stimulus, convert it to a molecular signal, and recognize and characterize the signal. Thermoception in larger animals is mainly done in the skin; mammals have at least two types of sensor, for detecting heat (temperatures above body temperature) and cold (temperatures below body temperature).
2008-05-13 GO:0040040 thermosensory behavior Added DEFINITION Behavior that is dependent upon the sensation of temperature.
2008-05-13 GO:0010487 thermospermine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosylmethioninamine + spermidine = 5'-methylthioadenosine + thermospermine.
2008-05-13 GO:0043052 thermotaxis Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to a temperature gradient. Movement may be towards either a higher or lower temperature.
2008-05-13 GO:0016105 triterpenoid catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with six isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0006722 triterpenoid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with six isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0047401 trithionate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + trithionate = 2 H+ + SO4(2-) (sulfate) + S2O3(2-).
2008-05-13 GO:0004808 tRNA (5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate)-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016426 tRNA (adenine) methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to an adenine residue in a tRNA molecule.
2008-05-13 GO:0043827 tRNA (adenine-57, 58-N(1)-) methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the methylation of adenine-57 and adenine-58 in the T-loop of tRNA.
2008-05-13 GO:0016429 tRNA (adenine-N1-)-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N1-methyladenine.
2008-05-13 GO:0016430 tRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N6-methyladenine.
2008-05-13 GO:0030762 tetrahydrocolumbamine 2-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,8,13,13a-tetrahydrocolumbamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tetrahydropalmatine.
2008-05-13 GO:0015010 tetrahydrocorphin metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrocorphins, tetrapyrroles that combine the structural elements of both porphyrins and corrins.
2008-05-13 GO:0047200 tetrahydrodipicolinate N-acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrodipicolinate + acetyl-CoA = L-2-acetamido-6-oxoheptanedioate + CoA.
2008-05-13 GO:0046654 tetrahydrofolate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2008-05-13 GO:0046653 tetrahydrofolate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2008-05-13 GO:0046901 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0046900 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0004326 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + tetrahydrofolyl-(Glu)(n) + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + tetrahydrofolyl-(Glu)(n+1).
2008-05-13 GO:0018649 tetrahydrofuran hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tetrahydrofuran + O2 + 2 H+ + 2 e- = H2O + 2-hydroxytetrahydrofuran.
2008-05-13 GO:0018968 tetrahydrofuran metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofuran, a cyclic 4 carbon ether. It is one of the most polar ethers and is a widely used solvent for polar reagents. Since THF is very soluble in water and has a relatively low boiling point, significant amounts are often released into the environment, causing contamination problems.
2008-05-13 GO:0030269 tetrahydromethanopterin S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin + 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate = 5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin + 2-(methylthio)ethanesulfonate. 2-(methylthio)ethanesulfonate is also known as methyl-CoM.
2008-05-13 GO:0019174 tetrahydrothiophene 1-oxide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tetrahydrothiophene 1-oxide + reduced acceptor = tetrahydrothiophene + acceptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0047039 tetrahydroxynaphthalene reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADP+ + scytalone = NADPH + H+ + 1,3,6,8-naphthalenetetrol.
2008-05-13 GO:0050329 tetrahydroxypteridine cycloisomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tetrahydroxypteridine = xanthine-8-carboxylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0034073 tetrahymanol cyclase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: squalene = tetrahymanol.
2008-05-13 GO:0046906 tetrapyrrole binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a tetrapyrrole, a compound containing four pyrrole nuclei variously substituted and linked to each other through carbons at the alpha position.
2008-05-13 GO:0045142 triplex DNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a DNA triple helix. The formation of triple helical DNA has been evoked in several cellular processes including transcription, replication, and recombination.
2008-05-13 GO:0048031 trisaccharide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any trisaccharide. Trisaccharides are sugars composed of three monosaccharide units.
2008-05-13 GO:0046842 trisporic acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of trisporic acid.
2008-05-13 GO:0046841 trisporic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving trisporic acid, a carotenoic acid derivative used as a pheromone in some species of Zygomycota.
2008-05-13 GO:0016104 triterpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with six isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0009650 UV protection Added DEFINITION The processes by which an organism or cell protects itself from ultraviolet radiation (UV), which may also result in resistance to repeated exposure to UV.
2008-05-13 GO:0009588 UV-A, blue light phototransduction Added DEFINITION The sequence of reactions within a cell required to convert absorbed photons from UV-A or blue light into a molecular signal; the UV-A, blue light range is defined as having a wavelength within the range of approximately 400-500 nm.
2008-05-13 GO:0015064 UV-sensitive opsin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. An opsin with maximal absorption below 400 nm.
2008-05-13 GO:0033151 V(D)J recombination Added DEFINITION The process by which immune receptor V, D, and J, or V and J gene segments, depending on the specific receptor, are recombined within a single locus utilizing the conserved heptamer and nonomer recombination signal sequences (RSS).
2008-05-13 GO:0031894 V1A vasopressin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a V1A vasopressin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0031895 V1B vasopressin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a V1B vasopressin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0031896 V2 vasopressin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a V2 vasopressin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0007035 vacuolar acidification Added DEFINITION Any process that reduces the pH of the vacuole, measured by the concentration of the hydrogen ion.
2008-05-13 GO:0005479 vacuolar assembly Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0007036 vacuolar calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions in the vacuole or between a vacuole and its surroundings.
2008-05-13 GO:0004258 vacuolar carboxypeptidase Y Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the release of a C-terminal amino acid with a broad specificity.
2008-05-13 GO:0000219 vacuolar hydrogen-transporting ATPase Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0005775 vacuolar lumen Added DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0005774 vacuolar membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding the vacuole and separating its contents from the cytoplasm of the cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0044437 vacuolar part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of a vacuole, a closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by unit membrane and contains liquid material.
2008-05-13 GO:0007037 vacuolar phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of phosphates into, out of or within a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0007039 protein catabolic process in the vacuole Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein in the vacuole, usually by the action of vacuolar proteases.
2008-05-13 GO:0006624 vacuolar protein processing Added DEFINITION The posttranslational modification of proteins in the vacuole, including proteolytic cleavage of precursors to form active enzymes.
2008-05-13 GO:0016471 vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase complex Added DEFINITION A proton-transporting two-sector ATPase complex found in the vacuolar membrane, where it acts as a proton pump to mediate acidification of the vacuolar lumen.
2008-05-13 GO:0000220 vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase, V0 domain Added DEFINITION The V0 domain of a proton-transporting V-type ATPase found in the vacuolar membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0000221 vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase, V1 domain Added DEFINITION The V1 domain of a proton-transporting V-type ATPase found in the vacuolar membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0043181 vacuolar sequestering Added DEFINITION The process of transporting a substance into, and confining within, a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0043182 vacuolar sequestering of sodium ion Added DEFINITION The process of transporting sodium ions into, and confining within, a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0010209 vacuolar sorting signal binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a vacuolar sorting signal, a specific peptide sequence that acts as a signal to localize the protein within the vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0007034 vacuolar transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances into, out of or within a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0033254 vacuolar transporter chaperone complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that contains four related proteins that have been implicated in several membrane-related processes, such as sorting of H+-translocating ATPases, endocytosis, ER-Golgi trafficking, vacuole fusion, vacuolar polyphosphate homeostasis and the microautophagic scission of vesicles into the vacuolar lumen. The complex is enriched at the vacuolar membrane, but also found in other cellular compartments, including the ER and the cell periphery. In Saccharomyces, the subunits are Vtc1p, Vtc2p, Vtc3p and Vtc4p.
2008-05-13 GO:0005773 vacuole Added DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by unit membrane and contains liquid material. Cells contain one or several vacuoles, that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array of functions. They can act as a storage organelle for nutrients or waste products, as a degradative compartment, as a cost-effective way of increasing cell size, and as a homeostatic regulator controlling both turgor pressure and pH of the cytosol.
2008-05-13 GO:0042144 vacuole fusion, non-autophagic Added DEFINITION The fusion of two vacuole membranes to form a single vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0000011 vacuole inheritance Added DEFINITION The distribution of vacuoles into daughter cells after mitosis or meiosis, mediated by interactions between vacuoles and the cytoskeleton.
2008-05-13 GO:0007033 vacuole organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0000325 plant-type vacuole Added DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by a unit membrane, contains liquid, and retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase.
2008-05-13 GO:0000324 fungal-type vacuole Added DEFINITION The vacuole is a large, membrane-bounded organelle that functions as a reservoir for the storage of small molecules (including polyphosphate, amino acids, several divalent cations (e.g. calcium), other ions, and other small molecules) as well as being the primary compartment for degradation. It is an acidic compartment, containing an ensemble of acid hydrolases. At least in S. cerevisiae, there are indications that the morphology of the vacuole is variable and correlated with the cell cycle, with logarithmically growing cells having a multilobed, reticulated vacuole, while stationary phase cells contain a single large structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0060068 vagina development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the vagina over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0021564 vagus nerve development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the vagus nerve over time, from its formation to the mature structure. This nerve is primarily sensory but also has visceromotor components. It originates in the brain stem and controls many autonomic functions of the heart, lungs, stomach, pharynx, larynx, trachea, esophagus and other gastrointestinal tract components. It controls some motor functions such as speech. The sensory branches mediate sensation from the pharynx, larynx, thorax and abdomen; it also innervates taste buds in the epiglottis.
2008-05-13 GO:0034385 triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle Added DEFINITION A plasma lipoprotein particle that has a hydrophobic core enriched in triglycerides surrounded by an amphipathic monolayer of phospholipids, cholesterol and apolipoproteins. Triglyceride-rich lipoproteinparticles transport lipids, which are non-covalently associated with the particles, in the blood.
2008-05-13 GO:0034370 triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle remodeling Added DEFINITION The acquisition, loss or modification of a protein or lipid within a triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle, including the hydrolysis of triglyceride by lipoprotein lipase, with the subsequent loss of free fatty acid, and the transfer of cholesterol esters to a triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle by cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), with the simultaneous transfer of triglyceride from a triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle.
2008-05-13 GO:0047292 trihydroxypterocarpan dimethylallyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (6AS,11AS)-3,6A,9-trihydroxypterocarpan + dimethylallyl-pyrophosphate = glyceollin + pyrophosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050350 trihydroxystilbene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3 malonyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 3,4',5-trihydroxy-stilbene + 4 CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0018616 trihydroxytoluene dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2,3,5-trihydroxytoluene + O2 = 2,4,6-trioxoheptanoate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050351 trimetaphosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimetaphosphate + H2O = triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050470 trimethylamine dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimethylamine + H2O + electron-transferring flavoprotein = dimethylamine + formaldehyde + reduced electron-transferring flavoprotein.
2008-05-13 GO:0043834 trimethylamine methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimethylamine + a trimethylamine corrinoid protein = a methylated trimethylamine corrinoid protein + dimethylamine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050626 trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase (cytochrome c) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimethylamine + 2 (ferricytochrome c)-subunit + H2O = trimethylamine-N-oxide + 2 (ferrocytochrome c)-subunit + 2 H+ .
2008-05-13 GO:0009033 trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADH + H+ + trimethylamine-N-oxide = NAD+ + trimethylamine + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0009322 trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase complex Added DEFINITION An enzyme complex that catalyzes the reduction of trimethylamine N-oxide to trimethylamine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050352 trimethylamine-oxide aldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (CH3)3NO = (CH3)2NH + formaldehyde.
2008-05-13 GO:0050353 trimethyllysine dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = 3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0047147 trimethylsulfonium-tetrahydrofolate N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: THF + trimethyl sulfonium = 5-methyl-THF + dimethyl sulfide.
2008-05-13 GO:0046259 trinitrotoluene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of trinitrotoluene, a methylated benzene molecule with three NO2 groups attached to it.
2008-05-13 GO:0046260 trinitrotoluene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of trinitrotoluene, a methylated benzene entity with three NO2 groups attached to it. This includes the explosive TNT, 1-methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene.
2008-05-13 GO:0018973 trinitrotoluene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving trinitrotoluene, a methylated benzene molecule with three NO2 groups attached to it. This includes the explosive TNT, 1-methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene.
2008-05-13 GO:0050354 triokinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + D-glyceraldehyde = ADP + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0015717 triose phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of triose phosphate into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0004807 triose-phosphate isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = glycerone phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0009670 triose-phosphate:phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the exchange of an organic three carbon compound phosphate ester for inorganic phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0018772 trioxoheptanoate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2,4,6-trioxoheptanoate + H2O = acetylpyruvate + acetate.
2008-05-13 GO:0031317 tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic transporter complex Added DEFINITION A complex consisting of two membrane proteins and one extracytoplasmic solute receptor. Such transporters transport a variety of substrates without direct ATP power, instead using enery from ion gradients.
2008-05-13 GO:0007351 tripartite regional subdivision Added DEFINITION Subdivision of the embryo along the anterior/posterior axis into anterior, posterior and terminal regions.
2008-05-13 GO:0019019 tripartite viral genome Added DEFINITION A segmented viral genome consisting of three sub-genomic nucleic acids but each nucleic acid is packaged into a different virion.
2008-05-13 GO:0045148 tripeptide aminopeptidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of the N-terminal residue from a tripeptide.
2008-05-13 GO:0042939 tripeptide transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a tripeptide, a compound containing three amino acids linked together by peptide bonds, into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0042937 tripeptide transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a tripeptide, a compound containing three amino acids linked together by peptide bonds, into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0008240 tripeptidyl-peptidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of an N-terminal tripeptide from a polypeptide.
2008-05-13 GO:0019131 tripeptidyl-peptidase I activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of an N-terminal tripeptide from a polypeptide; requires acid pH.
2008-05-13 GO:0004294 tripeptidyl-peptidase II activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of an N-terminal tripeptide from a polypeptide at neutral pH.
2008-05-13 GO:0050355 triphosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: triphosphate + H2O = diphosphate + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0046917 triphosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-dephospho-CoA = 2'-(5''-triphosphoribosyl)-3'-dephospho-CoA + adenine.
2008-05-13 GO:0016793 triphosphoric monoester hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of a triphosphoester to give a triphosphate group and a free hydroxyl group.
2008-05-13 GO:0030533 triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The codon binding activity of a tRNA that positions an activated amino acid, mediating its insertion at the correct point in the sequence of a nascent polypeptide chain during protein synthesis.
2008-05-13 GO:0010333 terpene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalyzing the formation of cyclic terpenes through the cyclization of linear terpenes containing varying quantities of isoprene units (i.e. isopentenyl-PP, geranyl-PP, farnesyl-PP and geranylgeranyl-PP).
2008-05-13 GO:0016114 terpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoids, any member of a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0051485 terpenoid biosynthetic process, mevalonate-dependent Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoids via isopentenyl diphosphate, synthesized by the mevalonate pathway. Isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) is the fundamental unit in terpenoid biosynthesis, and in mevalonate-dependent terpenoid biosynthesis, actetate, in the form of acetyl-CoA, is converted to isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) through a series of mevalonate intermediates.
2008-05-13 GO:0051483 terpenoid biosynthetic process, mevalonate-independent Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoids, independent of mevalonate. Isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) is the fundamental unit in terpenoid biosynthesis, and in mevalonate-independent biosynthesis, it is produced from pyruvate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate via intermediates including 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016115 terpenoid catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of terpenoids, any member of a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0009709 terpenoid indole alkaloid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoid indole alkaloids, compounds formed from the condensation of tryptamine (derived from tryptophan) and secologanin (derived from geranyl pyrophosphate).
2008-05-13 GO:0046447 terpenoid indole alkaloid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving terpenoid indole alkaloids, compounds formed from the condensation of tryptamine (derived from tryptophan) and secologanin (derived from geranyl pyrophosphate).
2008-05-13 GO:0006721 terpenoid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving terpenoids, any member of a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure and including derivatives with various functional groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0046865 terpenoid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of terpenoids into, out of, within or between cells. Terpenoids are a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure and include derivatives with various functional groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0018594 tert-butanol 2-monooxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tert-butyl alcohol + 1/2 O2 = 2-methyl-2-hydroxy-1-propanol.
2008-05-13 GO:0030724 testicular fusome organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of the fusome of testicular cells, an organelle derived from the spectrosome.
2008-05-13 GO:0030726 male germline ring canal formation Added DEFINITION Formation of the intercellular bridges that connect the germ-line cells of a male cyst.
2008-05-13 GO:0008388 testosterone 15-alpha-hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + donor-H2 + O2 = 15-alpha-hydroxytestosterone + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0008390 testosterone 16-alpha-hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + donor-H2 + O2 = 6-alpha-hydroxytestosterone + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0047045 testosterone 17-beta-dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADP+ + testosterone = NADPH + H+ + androst-4-ene-3,17-dione.
2008-05-13 GO:0050327 testosterone 17-beta-dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + NAD+ = androst-4-ene-3,17-dione + NADH.
2008-05-13 GO:0050649 testosterone 6-beta-hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + donor-H2 + O2 = 6-beta-hydroxytestosterone + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0009029 tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl-(beta-D-1,6)-2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl beta-phosphate = ADP + 2,3,2',3'-tetrakis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl-1,6-beta-D-glucosamine 1,4'-bisphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0018550 tetrachloro-p-hydroquinone reductive dehalogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: organohalide + 2 GSH = GSSG + HCl + RH. Substrates are 2,3,5,6-tetrachlorohydroquinone (TeCH) (forms 2,3,6-trichlorohydroquinone (TrCH)) and 2,3,6-trichlorohydroquinone (TrCH) (forms 2,6-dichlorohydroquinone (DiCH)).
2008-05-13 GO:0050629 tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trichloroethene + chloride + acceptor = tetrachloroethene + reduced acceptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0019337 tetrachloroethylene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrachloroethylene, a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines.
2008-05-13 GO:0018967 tetrachloroethylene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrachloroethylene (tetrachloroethene), a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines. Tetrachloroethene has been used primarily as a solvent in dry-cleaning industries and to a lesser extent as a degreasing solvent.
2008-05-13 GO:0043644 tetracycline biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of tetracycline, a broad spectrum antibiotic produced by streptomyces bacteria that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0043643 tetracycline metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving tetracycline, a broad spectrum antibiotic produced by streptomyces bacteria that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0015904 tetracycline transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0008493 tetracycline transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0015520 tetracycline:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: H+(out) + tetracycline(in) = H+(in) + tetracycline(out).
2008-05-13 GO:0050328 tetrahydroberberine oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-tetrahydroberberine + 2 O2 = berberine + 2 H2O2.
2008-05-13 GO:0006729 tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2008-05-13 GO:0046147 tetrahydrobiopterin catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2008-05-13 GO:0046146 tetrahydrobiopterin metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2008-05-13 GO:0047363 triglucosylalkylacylglycerol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,3-1-O-alkyl-2-O-acylglycerol + 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate = 6-sulfo-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,3-1-O-alkyl-2-O-acylglycerol + adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0017129 triglyceride binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any triester of glycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0042704 uterine wall breakdown Added DEFINITION The sloughing of the endometrium and blood vessels during menstruation that results from a drop in progesterone levels.
2008-05-13 GO:0042702 uterine wall growth Added DEFINITION The regrowth of the endometrium and blood vessels in the uterus following menstruation, resulting from a rise in progesterone levels.
2008-05-13 GO:0060065 uterus development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the uterus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0006228 UTP biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of UTP, uridine (5'-)triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0046052 UTP catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of UTP, uridine (5'-)triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0046051 UTP metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving UTP, uridine (5'-)triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0051748 UTP-monosaccharide-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + a monosaccharide 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-monosaccharide.
2008-05-13 GO:0010491 UTP:arabinose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-L-arabinose 1-phosphate + UTP = UDP-L-arabinose + diphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0017103 UTP:galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + alpha-D-galactose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-galactose.
2008-05-13 GO:0003983 UTP:glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-glucose.
2008-05-13 GO:0043763 UTP:glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase regulator activity Added DEFINITION Modulates the activity of UTP:glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase.
2008-05-13 GO:0047338 UTP:xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-D-xylose 1-phosphate + UTP = UDP-D-xylose + diphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0021559 trigeminal nerve development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the trigeminal nerve over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021638 trigeminal nerve formation Added DEFINITION The process that gives rise to the trigeminal nerve. This process pertains to the initial formation of a structure from unspecified parts. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021635 trigeminal nerve maturation Added DEFINITION A developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for the trigeminal nerve to attain its fully functional state. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021636 trigeminal nerve morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the trigeminal nerve is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021637 trigeminal nerve structural organization Added DEFINITION The process that contributes to the act of creating the structural organization of the oculomotor nerve. This process pertains to the physical shaping of a rudimentary structure. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021730 trigeminal sensory nucleus development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the trigeminal sensory nucleus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0021974 trigeminothalamic tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the trigeminothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive and temperature signaling from the face.
2008-05-13 GO:0045134 uridine-diphosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP + H2O = UMP + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0017131 uridine-rich cytoplasmic polyadenylylation element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with U-rich sequence in the 3'-end of mRNAs; required for cytoplasmic polyadenylylation.
2008-05-13 GO:0015394 uridine:hydrogen ion symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: uridine(out) + H+(out) = uridine(in) + H+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0009041 uridylate kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + (d)UMP = ADP + (d)UDP.
2008-05-13 GO:0060157 urinary bladder development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the urinary bladder over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The urinary bladder is an elastic, muscular sac situated in the anterior part of the pelvic cavity in which urine collects before excretion.
2008-05-13 GO:0014832 urinary bladder smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary bladder. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary bladder is a musculomembranous sac along the urinary tract.
2008-05-13 GO:0005192 urinary protein Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0014848 urinary tract smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary tract. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary tract consists of organs of the body that produce and discharge urine. These include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
2008-05-13 GO:0042292 URM1 activating enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the activation of the small ubiquitin-related modifier URM1, through the formation of an ATP-dependent high-energy thiolester bond.
2008-05-13 GO:0042294 URM1 conjugating enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the covalent attachment of the ubiquitin-like protein URM1 to other proteins or other substrate molecules.
2008-05-13 GO:0042290 URM1 hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0016153 urocanate hydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4,5-dihydro-4-oxo-5-imidazolepropanoate = urocanate + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0001655 urogenital system development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the urogenital system over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0050388 uronate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-galacturonate + NAD+ + H2O = D-galactarate + NADH.
2008-05-13 GO:0006063 uronic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving uronic acid, any monocarboxylic acid formally derived by oxidizing to a carboxyl group the terminal hydroxymethylene group of either an aldose with four or more carbon atoms in the molecule, or of any glycoside derived from such an aldose.
2008-05-13 GO:0015133 uronic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of uronic acid from one side of the membrane to the other. Uronic acids are any monocarboxylic acid formally derived by oxidizing to a carboxyl group the terminal hydroxymethylene group of either an aldose with four or more carbon atoms in the molecule, or of any glycoside derived from such an aldose.
2008-05-13 GO:0015735 uronic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of uronic acid into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0050389 uronolactonase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glucurono-6,2-lactone + H2O = D-glucuronate.
2008-05-13 GO:0001931 uropod Added DEFINITION A membrane projection with related cytoskeletal components at the trailing edge of a cell in the process of migrating or being activated, found on the opposite side of the cell from the leading edge or immunological synapse, respectively.
2008-05-13 GO:0031259 uropod membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a uropod.
2008-05-13 GO:0032796 uropod organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a uropod, a rigid membrane projection with related cytoskeletal components at the trailing edge of a lymphocyte or other cell in the process of migrating or being activated.
2008-05-13 GO:0004851 uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uroporphyrin III = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-2.
2008-05-13 GO:0004853 uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uroporphyrinogen-III = coproporphyrinogen + 4 CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0006780 uroporphyrinogen III biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of uroporphyrinogen III.
2008-05-13 GO:0046502 uroporphyrinogen III metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving uroporphyrinogen III, a precursor for synthesis of vitamin B12, chlorophyll, and heme in organisms that produce these compounds.
2008-05-13 GO:0004852 uroporphyrinogen-III synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydroxymethylbilane = uroporphyrinogen-III + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0031889 urotensin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a urotensin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0050674 urothelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of urothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Urothelial cells make up a layer of transitional epithelium in the wall of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis, external to the lamina propria.
2008-05-13 GO:0035154 terminal cell fate specification, open tracheal system Added DEFINITION Process by which a cell in an open tracheal system becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a terminal cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. Terminal cells send long and bifurcated hollow branches toward target tissues to allow oxygen exchange.
2008-05-13 GO:0014802 terminal cisterna Added DEFINITION The portion of sarcoplasmic reticulum devoted to calcium ion storage and calcium ion release.
2008-05-13 GO:0014804 terminal cisterna lumen Added DEFINITION The region between the inner and outer lipid bilayers of the terminal cisterna envelope. This space is enriched in calsequestrin.
2008-05-13 GO:0006495 terminal O-glycosylation Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0007362 terminal region determination Added DEFINITION Specification of the terminal regions (the two non-segmented ends) of the embryo by the gap genes; exemplified in insects by the actions of huckebein and tailless gene products.
2008-05-13 GO:0051520 termination of bipolar cell growth Added DEFINITION Any process that stops the active process of bipolar cell growth, polarized growth from both ends of a cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0006393 termination of mitochondrial transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule using a mitochondrial DNA template is completed.
2008-05-13 GO:0051521 termination of monopolar cell growth Added DEFINITION Any process that stops the active process of bipolar cell growth, polarized growth from one end of a cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0006363 termination of RNA polymerase I transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase I using a DNA template is completed; typically occurs within U-rich regions.
2008-05-13 GO:0006369 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase II using a DNA template is completed.
2008-05-13 GO:0030846 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription, poly(A)-coupled Added DEFINITION The process by which transcription of polyadenylated RNA polymerase II transcripts is terminated; cleavage and polyadenylylation of the mRNA 3' end is coupled to transcription termination.
2008-05-13 GO:0030847 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription, exosome-dependent Added DEFINITION The process by which transcription of nonpolyadenylated RNA polymerase II transcripts is terminated; coupled to the maturation of the RNA 3'-end.
2008-05-13 GO:0006386 termination of RNA polymerase III transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which transcription by RNA polymerase III is terminated; Pol III has an intrinsic ability to terminate transcription upon incorporation of 4 to 6 contiguous U residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0046246 terpene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenes, any of a large group of hydrocarbons made up of isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0046247 terpene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of terpenes, any of a large group of hydrocarbons made up of isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0042214 terpene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving terpenes, any of a large group of hydrocarbons that are made up of isoprene (C5H8) units which may be cyclic, acyclic or multicyclic, saturated or unsaturated, and may contain various functional groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0030783 [cytochrome c]-methionine S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [cytochrome c]-methionine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [cytochrome c]-S-methyl-methionine.
2008-05-13 GO:0043365 [formate-C-acetyltransferase]-activating enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + dihydroflavodoxin + [formate C-acetyltransferase]-glycine = 5'-deoxyadenosine + L-methionine + flavodoxin semiquinone + [formate C-acetyltransferase]-glycin-2-yl radical.
2008-05-13 GO:0008882 [glutamate-ammonia-ligase] adenylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + (L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)) = diphosphate + adenylyl-(L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)).
2008-05-13 GO:0050407 [glycogen-synthase-D] phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [glycogen-synthase D] + H2O = [glycogen-synthase I] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0033871 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate; modifies selected glucosamine residues preceded by GlcA2S.
2008-05-13 GO:0033872 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 3 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate.
2008-05-13 GO:0015016 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine N-sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + N-desulfoheparin = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + heparin.
2008-05-13 GO:0047322 [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] + ATP = [3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] phosphate + ADP.
2008-05-13 GO:0047384 [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] phosphate = phosphate + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)].
2008-05-13 GO:0008772 [isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+)] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + (isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP)) = ADP + (isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP)) phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0030586 [methionine synthase] reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [methionine synthase]-cob(II)alamin + NADPH + H+ + S-adenosyl methionine = [methionine synthase]-methylcob(I)alamin + S-adenosylhomocysteine + NADP+.
2008-05-13 GO:0016277 [myelin basic protein]-arginine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (myelin basic protein)-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (myelin basic protein)-N(omega)-methyl-arginine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050196 [phosphorylase] phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [phosphorylase a] + 4 H2O = 2 [phosphorylase b] + 4 phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0008773 [protein-PII] uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + (protein-PII) = diphosphate + uridylyl-(protein-PII).
2008-05-13 GO:0004741 [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphate + H2O = [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0019909 [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphatase regulator activity Added DEFINITION Modification of the activity of the enzyme [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphatase.
2008-05-13 GO:0050408 [pyruvate kinase]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [pyruvate kinase] phosphate + H2O = [pyruvate kinase] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0030785 [ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase]-lysine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase]-lysine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase]-N6-methyl-L-lysine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050369 [tyrosine 3-monooxygenase] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + [tyrosine-3-monooxygenase] = ADP + phospho-[tyrosine-3-monooxygenase].
2008-05-13 GO:0034397 telomere localization Added DEFINITION The processes by which a telomere is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-13 GO:0000723 telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION The maintenance of proper telomeric length and structure by processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA. These processes includes those that shorten and lengthen the telomeric DNA sequences.
2008-05-13 GO:0043247 telomere maintenance in response to DNA damage Added DEFINITION The processes that occur in response to the presence of critically short telomeres.
2008-05-13 GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION The maintenance of proper telomeric length by recombinational processes.
2008-05-13 GO:0032201 telomere maintenance via semi-conservative replication Added DEFINITION The process whereby telomeric DNA is synthesized semi-conservatively by the conventional replication machinery and telomeric accessory factors.
2008-05-13 GO:0007004 telomere maintenance via telomerase Added DEFINITION The maintenace of proper telomeric length by the addition of telomeric repeats by telomerase.
2008-05-13 GO:0032200 telomere organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of telomeres, terminal regions of a linear chromosome that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0034398 telomere tethering at nuclear periphery Added DEFINITION The process by which a telomere is maintained in a specific location at the nuclear periphery.
2008-05-13 GO:0031860 telomeric 3' overhang formation Added DEFINITION The formation of the single stranded telomeric 3' overhang, a conserved feature that ranges in length from 12 nt in budding yeast to approximately 500 nt in humans.
2008-05-13 GO:0042162 telomeric DNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with telomere-associated DNA, usually characterized by highly repetitive sequences.
2008-05-13 GO:0031933 telomeric heterochromatin Added DEFINITION Heterochromatic regions of the chromosome found at the telomeres.
2008-05-13 GO:0031509 telomeric heterochromatin assembly Added DEFINITION The assembly of chromatin into heterochromatin at the telomere.
2008-05-13 GO:0031627 telomeric loop formation Added DEFINITION The process by which linear telomeric DNA is remodeled into duplex loops, by the invasion of a 3' single-stranded overhang into the duplex region.
2008-05-13 GO:0003721 telomeric template RNA reverse transcriptase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the extension of the 3' end of a DNA strand by one deoxynucleotide at a time. Cannot initiate a chain de novo; uses the RNA subunit of the telomerase enzyme complex as its template.
2008-05-13 GO:0051326 telophase Added DEFINITION Progression through telophase, the last stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2008-05-13 GO:0010378 temperature compensation of the circadian clock Added DEFINITION The process by which the circadian clock maintains robust and accurate timing over a broad range of physiological temperatures. The circadian clock is an endogenous 24-h timer found in most eukaryotes and in photosynthetic bacteria. The clock drives rhythms in the physiology, biochemistry, and metabolism of the organisms.
2008-05-13 GO:0001659 temperature homeostasis Added DEFINITION A homeostatic process by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature.
2008-05-13 GO:0000332 template for synthesis of G-rich strand of telomere DNA activity Added DEFINITION Provision of the template used by reverse transcriptase to synthesize the G-rich strand of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-13 GO:0018514 terephthalate 1,2-cis-dihydrodiol dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-4,5-dihydroxycyclohexa-1(6),2-diene-1,4-dicarboxylate + NAD+ = 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2008-05-13 GO:0018628 terephthalate 1,2-dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: terephthalate + NADH + H+ + O2 = (1R,6S)-dihydroxycyclohexa-2,4-diene-1,4-dicarboxylate + NAD+.
2008-05-13 GO:0007490 tergite morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the tergite are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The tergite is the primary plate or sclerite forming the dorsal surface of any insect body segment.
2008-05-13 GO:0007430 terminal branching, open tracheal system Added DEFINITION Formation of terminal branches in the open tracheal system. These are long cytoplasmic extensions that form fine tubules that transport oxygen directly to the tissues.
2008-05-13 GO:0043195 terminal bouton Added DEFINITION Terminal inflated portion of the axon, containing the specialized apparatus necessary to release neurotransmitters.
2008-05-13 GO:0033221 urea-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + urea(out) = ADP + phosphate + urea(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0015401 urea:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: urea(out) + Na+(out) = urea(in) + Na+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0009039 urease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urea + H2O = CO2 + 2 NH3.
2008-05-13 GO:0010137 ureide biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ureide, the organic form of nitrogen in nitrogen fixing and transporting plants, from IMP, which is synthesized de novo during nitrogen fixation by roots.
2008-05-13 GO:0010136 ureide catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ureide, which is the organic form of nitrogen in nitrogen fixing and transporting plants with the release of ammonium.
2008-05-13 GO:0010135 ureide metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ureide, allantoin and allantoate, which are the organic forms of nitrogen in nitrogen fixing and transporting plants.
2008-05-13 GO:0009040 ureidoglycolate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-ureidoglycolate + NADP+ = oxalureate + NADPH + H+.
2008-05-13 GO:0004848 ureidoglycolate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (-)-ureidoglycolate + H2O = glyoxylate + 2 NH3 + CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0050385 ureidoglycolate lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (-)-ureidoglycolate = glyoxylate + urea.
2008-05-13 GO:0050386 ureidosuccinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate + H2O = L-aspartate + CO2 + NH3.
2008-05-13 GO:0014849 ureter smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the ureter. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The ureter is one of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
2008-05-13 GO:0001658 branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Branching of the ureteric bud.
2008-05-13 GO:0001657 ureteric bud development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the ureteric bud over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0050387 urethanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urethane + H2O = ethanol + CO2 + NH3.
2008-05-13 GO:0046109 uridine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of uridine, uracil riboside, a ribonucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in ribonucleotides and ribonucleic acids.
2008-05-13 GO:0006218 uridine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of uridine, uracil riboside, a ribonucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in ribonucleotides and ribonucleic acids.
2008-05-13 GO:0004849 uridine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + uridine = ADP + UMP.
2008-05-13 GO:0006224 uridine kinase reaction Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0046108 uridine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving uridine, uracil riboside, a ribonucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in ribonucleotides and ribonucleic acids.
2008-05-13 GO:0045437 uridine nucleosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uridine + H2O = D-ribose + uracil.
2008-05-13 GO:0015065 uridine nucleotide receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with UTP or UDP to initiate a change in cell activity.
2008-05-13 GO:0004850 uridine phosphorylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uridine + phosphate = uracil + alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016555 uridine to cytidine editing Added DEFINITION The conversion of a uridine residue to cytosine in an RNA molecule by amination.
2008-05-13 GO:0015213 uridine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of uridine, uracil riboside, from one side of a membrane to the other.
2008-05-13 GO:0015862 uridine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of uridine, uracil riboside, into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0000277 [cytochrome c]-lysine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + cytochrome c L-lysine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + cytochrome c N6-methyl-L-lysine. This is the addition of a methyl group to the N6 atom of a lysine residue in cytochrome c.
2008-05-13 GO:0019432 triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0019433 triglyceride catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0004806 triglyceride lipase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: triacylglycerol + H2O = diacylglycerol + a fatty acid anion.
2008-05-13 GO:0006641 triglyceride metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol. The three fatty acid residues may all be the same or differ in any permutation. Triacylglycerols are important components of plant oils, animal fats and animal plasma lipoproteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0006642 triglyceride mobilization Added DEFINITION The release of triacylglycerols, any triester of glycerol, from storage within cells or tissues, making them available for metabolism.
2008-05-13 GO:0034197 triglyceride transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of triacylglycerol into, out of, within or between cells. Triacylglycerols are important components of plant oils, animal fats and animal plasma lipoproteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0047197 triglyceride-sterol O-acyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a 3-beta-hydroxysterol + triacylglycerol = a 3-beta-hydroxysterol ester + 1,2-diacylglycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0016802 trialkylsulfonium hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of a thioether bond, -S-.
2008-05-13 GO:0005371 tricarboxylate secondary active transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tricarboxylate from one side of a membrane to the other, up its concentration gradient. The transporter binds the solute and undergoes a series of conformational changes. Transport works equally well in either direction and is driven by a chemiosmotic source of energy. Chemiosmotic sources of energy include uniport, symport or antiport.
2008-05-13 GO:0006099 tricarboxylic acid cycle Added DEFINITION A nearly universal metabolic pathway in which the acetyl group of acetyl coenzyme A is effectively oxidized to two CO2 and four pairs of electrons are transferred to coenzymes. The acetyl group combines with oxaloacetate to form citrate, which undergoes successive transformations to isocitrate, 2-oxoglutarate, succinyl-CoA, succinate, fumarate, malate, and oxaloacetate again, thus completing the cycle. In eukaryotes the tricarboxylic acid is confined to the mitochondria. See also glyoxylate cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0045239 tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme complex Added DEFINITION Any of the heteromeric enzymes that act in the TCA cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0006100 tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediate metabolic process Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways involving intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0015142 tricarboxylic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tricarboxylic acids from one side of the membrane to the other. Tricarboxylic acid are organic acids with three COOH groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0006842 tricarboxylic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tricarboxylic acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0050696 trichloroethylene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of trichloroethylene, a toxic, colorless, photoreactive, chlorinated hydrocarbon liquid, commonly used as a metal degreaser and solvent.
2008-05-13 GO:0018979 trichloroethylene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving trichloroethylene, a toxic, colorless, photoreactive, chlorinated hydrocarbon liquid, commonly used as a metal degreaser and solvent.
2008-05-13 GO:0010054 trichoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a trichoblast, a root epidermal cell that will give rise to a root hair.
2008-05-13 GO:0010057 trichoblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process involved in the specification of a trichoblast.
2008-05-13 GO:0048764 trichoblast maturation Added DEFINITION A developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for a trichoblast cell to attain its fully functional state.
2008-05-13 GO:0055039 trichocyst Added DEFINITION A crystalline exocytotic organelle composed of small, acidic proteins existing primarily as disulphide-linked dimers. The trichocyst is an organelle that releases long filamentous proteins that capture predators in "nets" to slow them down when the cell is disturbed. The protein is nontoxic and shaped like a long, striated, fibrous shaft.
2008-05-13 GO:0045482 trichodiene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate = trichodiene + diphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0010091 trichome branching Added DEFINITION The processes involved in the formation of branches in plant hair cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0010026 trichome differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized epidermal cell acquires the specialized features of a trichome cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0048516 trichome initiation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Processes causing the differentiation of an epidermal cell into a trichome cell; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2008-05-13 GO:0010090 trichome morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the structures of a hair cell (trichome) cell are generated and organized. This process occurs while the initially relatively unspecialized epidermal cell is acquiring the specialized features of a hair cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0048629 trichome patterning Added DEFINITION The regionalization process of establishing the non-random spatial arrangement of trichomes on the surface and margin of a leaf. Process involves signaling between adjacent epidermal cells that results in differentiation of some epidermal cells into trichomes.
2008-05-13 GO:0045462 trichothecene 3-O-acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the 3-O-acetylation of a trichothecene. Trichothecenes are sesquiterpene epoxide mycotoxins that act as potent inhibitors of eukaryotic protein synthesis.
2008-05-13 GO:0010263 tricyclic triterpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tricyclic triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with 6 isoprene units and 3 carbon rings.
2008-05-13 GO:0046266 triethanolamine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triethanolamine, a combustible, hygroscopic, colorless liquid commonly used in dry-cleaning solutions, cosmetics, detergents, textile processing, wool scouring, and as a corrosion inhibitor and pharmaceutical alkalizing agent.
2008-05-13 GO:0046267 triethanolamine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of triethanolamine, a combustible, hygroscopic, colorless liquid commonly used in dry-cleaning solutions, cosmetics, detergents, textile processing, wool scouring, and as a corrosion inhibitor and pharmaceutical alkalizing agent.
2008-05-13 GO:0018825 triethanolamine lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: triethanolamine = diethanolamine + acetaldehyde.
2008-05-13 GO:0018981 triethanolamine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving triethanolamine, a combustible, hygroscopic, colorless liquid commonly used in dry-cleaning solutions, cosmetics, detergents, textile processing, wool scouring, and as a corrosion inhibitor and pharmaceutical alkalizing agent.
2008-05-13 GO:0021731 trigeminal motor nucleus development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the trigeminal motor nucleus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0015393 uracil/uridine permease activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0015505 uracil:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: uracil(out) + cation(out) = uracil(in) + cation(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0050471 uracilylalanine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: O3-acetyl-L-serine + uracil = 3-(uracil-1-yl)-L-alanine + acetate.
2008-05-13 GO:0019628 urate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of urate, the anion of uric acid, 2,6,8-trioxypurine.
2008-05-13 GO:0046415 urate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving urate, the anion of uric acid, 2,6,8-trioxypurine, the end product of purine metabolism in certain mammals and the main excretory product in uricotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0004846 urate oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urate + O2 + H2O = 5-hydroxyisourate + H2O2.
2008-05-13 GO:0015143 urate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of urate from one side of the membrane to the other. Urate is the anion of uric acid, 2,6,8-trioxypurine, the end product of purine metabolism in certain mammals and the main excretory product in uricotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015747 urate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of urate into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0050384 urate-ribonucleotide phosphorylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urate D-ribonucleotide + phosphate = urate + D-ribose 1-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0033219 urea binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with urea, a water-soluble carboxamide with the structure H2N-CO-NH2.
2008-05-13 GO:0004847 urea carboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + urea + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + urea-1-carboxylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0043419 urea catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of urea, the water soluble compound O=C-(NH2)2.
2008-05-13 GO:0015265 urea channel activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of facilitated diffusion of urea (by an energy-independent process) involving passage through a transmembrane aqueous pore or channel without evidence for a carrier-mediated mechanism.
2008-05-13 GO:0000050 urea cycle Added DEFINITION A cyclic metabolic pathway that converts waste nitrogen in the form of ammonium to urea.
2008-05-13 GO:0000051 urea cycle intermediate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any of the intermediate compounds involved in the urea cycle, a cyclic metabolic pathway that converts waste nitrogen in the form of ammonium to urea.
2008-05-13 GO:0019627 urea metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving urea, the water soluble compound O=C-(NH2)2, produced in the liver by the ornithine cycle. It is the main nitrogen-containing excretion product in ureotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015204 urea transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of urea cross a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Urea is the water soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, produced in the liver via the ornithine-urea cycle. It is the main nitrogen-containing (urinary) excretion product in ureotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015840 urea transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement into, out of or within the cell of urea, the water-soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, produced in the liver via the ornithine-urea cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0042156 zinc-mediated transcriptional activator activity Added DEFINITION Initiates or upregulates transcription in the presence of zinc.
2008-05-13 GO:0022006 zona limitans intrathalamica formation Added DEFINITION The formation of the narrow stripe of cells that lies between the prospective dorsal and ventral thalami. This boundary contains signals that pattern the prethalamic and thalamic territories of the future mid-diencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0005915 zonula adherens Added DEFINITION Cell-cell adherens junction which forms a continuous belt near the apex of epithelial cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0045186 zonula adherens assembly Added DEFINITION Assembly of the zonula adherens, a cell-cell adherens junction which forms a continuous belt near the apex of epithelial cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0045218 zonula adherens maintenance Added DEFINITION Maintaining the zonula adherens junction, the cell-cell adherens junction formed near the apex of epithelial cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0034296 zygospore formation Added DEFINITION The process by which zygospores are formed. Zygospores are characteristic of the zygomycete fungi (phylum Zygomycota) thick-walled and darkly colored, and usually heavily ornamented as well, with many spines or ridges. It is formed between two specialized organs called suspensors, which are themselves usually heavily ornamented, one from each mating partner. The zygospore forms between them and then breaks away.
2008-05-13 GO:0010070 zygote asymmetric cell division Added DEFINITION The division of the zygote into two daughter cells that will adopt developmentally distinct potentials.
2008-05-13 GO:0010069 zygote asymmetric cytokinesis in embryo sac Added DEFINITION The division of the zygote in a plane perpendicular to the long axis of the embryo sac to produce a larger basal cell near the micropyle and a small terminal cell close to what was the central cell and is now the developing endosperm.
2008-05-13 GO:0000238 zygotene Added DEFINITION Progression through the second stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which each chromosome pairs with its homolog; the two become aligned and crossing over may occur.
2008-05-13 GO:0007354 zygotic determination of anterior/posterior axis, embryo Added DEFINITION The specification of the anterior/posterior axis of the embryo by products of genes expressed in the zygote; exemplified in insects by the gap genes, pair rule genes and segment polarity gene cascade.
2008-05-13 GO:0007352 zygotic specification of dorsal/ventral axis Added DEFINITION The specification of the dorsal/ventral axis of the embryo, through the products of genes expressed in the zygote.
2008-05-13 GO:0031638 zymogen activation Added DEFINITION The proteolytic processing of an inactive enzyme to an active form.
2008-05-13 GO:0042588 zymogen granule Added DEFINITION A membrane-bounded, cytoplasmic secretory granule found in enzyme-secreting cells and visible by light microscopy. Contain zymogen, an inactive enzyme precursor, often of a digestive enzyme.
2008-05-13 GO:0042589 zymogen granule membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a zymogen granule.
2008-05-13 GO:0001872 (1->3)-beta-D-glucan binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with zymosan.
2008-05-13 GO:0001874 (1->3)-beta-D-glucan receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with zymosan to initiate a change in cell activity.
2008-05-13 GO:0047323 [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) = ADP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0047385 [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphate = phosphate + [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)].
2008-05-13 GO:0050405 [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] = ADP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050406 [acetyl-CoA carboxylase]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [acetyl-CoA carboxylase]-phosphate + H2O = [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0008770 [acyl-carrier-protein] phosphodiesterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [acyl-carrier protein] + H2O = 4'-phosphopantetheine + apoprotein.
2008-05-13 GO:0004313 [acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier protein] = CoA + acetyl-[acyl-carrier protein].
2008-05-13 GO:0004314 [acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malonyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier protein] = CoA + malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein].
2008-05-13 GO:0008771 [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase] ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + acetate + (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) (thiol form) = AMP + diphosphate + (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) (acetyl form).
2008-05-13 GO:0047778 [citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase] thiolesterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase](acetyl form) + H2O = [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase](thiol form) + acetate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016275 [cytochrome c]-arginine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (cytochrome c)-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (cytochrome c)-N(omega)-methyl-arginine.
2008-05-13 GO:0021977 tectospinal tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the superior colliculus of the midbrain towards target cells in the ventral spinal cord.
2008-05-13 GO:0043676 tectum Added DEFINITION The layer of sexine which forms a roof over the columella, granules or other infratectal elements.
2008-05-13 GO:0019350 teichoic acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0046374 teichoic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0015162 teichoic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of teichoic acid from one side of the membrane to the other. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0015777 teichoic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0015438 teichoic-acid-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + teichoic acid(in) = ADP + phosphate + teichoic acid(out).
2008-05-13 GO:0050845 teichuronic acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria.
2008-05-13 GO:0050846 teichuronic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria.
2008-05-13 GO:0022031 telencephalon astrocyte cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of astrocyte cells through the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0022029 telencephalon cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of cells from one site to another at least one of which is located in the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0021537 telencephalon development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the telencephalon over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The telencephalon is the paired anteriolateral division of the prosencephalon plus the lamina terminalis from which the olfactory lobes, cerebral cortex, and subcortical nuclei are derived.
2008-05-13 GO:0022030 telencephalon glial cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of glial cells through the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0022033 telencephalon microglial cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of microglial cells through the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0022032 telencephalon oligodendrocyte cell migration Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of telencephalon oligodendrocyte cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2008-05-13 GO:0021978 telencephalon regionalization Added DEFINITION The regionalization process that creates areas within the forebrain that will direct the behavior of cell migration in differentiation as the telencephalon develops.
2008-05-13 GO:0031433 telethonin binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with telethonin, a protein found in the Z disc of striated muscle and which is a substrate of the titin kinase.
2008-05-13 GO:0015118 tellurite transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tellurite from one side of a membrane to the other. Tellurite is a salt of tellurous acid or an oxide of tellurium which occurs sparingly in tufts of white or yellowish crystals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015710 tellurite transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tellurite into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0015654 tellurite uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tellurite from the outside of a cell to the inside across a membrane: tellurite(out) + H+(out) = tellurite(in) + H+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0019873 tellurium sensitivity/resistance Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0042639 telogen Added DEFINITION The resting phase of hair cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0003720 telomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). Catalyzes extension of the 3'- end of a DNA strand by one deoxynucleotide at a time using an internal RNA template that encodes the telomeric repeat sequence.
2008-05-13 GO:0000333 telomerase catalytic core complex Added DEFINITION The minimal catalytic core of telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex composed of a catalytic reverse transcriptase subunit and an RNA subunit that provides the template for telomeric DNA addition.
2008-05-13 GO:0005697 telomerase holoenzyme complex Added DEFINITION Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme complex, with a minimal catalytic core composed of a catalytic reverse transcriptase subunit and an RNA subunit that provides the template for telomeric DNA addition. In vivo, the holoenzyme complex often contains additional subunits.
2008-05-13 GO:0010521 telomerase inhibitor activity Added DEFINITION Stops, prevents or reduces the activity of a telomerase. Telomerase catalyzes the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). Catalyzes extension of the 3'- end of a DNA strand by one deoxynucleotide at a time using an internal RNA template that encodes the telomeric repeat sequence.
2008-05-13 GO:0005573 telomerase RNA Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0005696 telomere Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A complex of DNA and protein that seals the end of a chromosome. The telomeric DNA consists of simple tandemly repeated sequences specific for each species. Typically one strand is G-rich and the other C-rich. The G-rich strand forms a 3'-terminal overhang, the length of which varies with species. The single strand overhang is bound by a variety of proteins, including telomere capping proteins that bind to the single-stranded DNA.
2008-05-13 GO:0032202 telomere assembly Added DEFINITION The creation of a telomere at a non-telomeric double-stranded DNA end.
2008-05-13 GO:0007003 telomere binding Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0043769 Tpg-containing telomere binding complex Added DEFINITION A complex composed of four polypeptides: a telomere-protecting terminal protein (Tpg), a telomere-associated protein (Tap), DNA polymerase (PolA) and topoisomerase I (TopA) that functions in the replication of the telomeric regions of linear chromosomes, plasmids and circular replicons of some bacterial species.
2008-05-13 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added DEFINITION A complex of DNA and protein located at the end of a linear chromosome that protects and stabilizes a linear chromosome.
2008-05-13 GO:0016233 telomere capping Added DEFINITION A process by which telomeres are protected from degradation and fusion, thereby ensuring chromosome stability by protecting the ends from both degradation and from being recognized as damaged DNA. May be mediated by specific single- or double-stranded telomeric DNA binding proteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0032203 telomere formation via telomerase Added DEFINITION The addition of telomeric repeats to a non-telomeric double-stranded DNA end by telomerase.
2008-05-13 GO:0050382 uracil-5-carboxylate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uracil 5-carboxylate = uracil + CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0043835 uracil/thymine dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalyzes the reactions: (1) uracil + H2O + acceptor = barbiturate + reduced acceptor (2) thymine + H2O + acceptor = 5-methylbarbiturate + reduced acceptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0016035 zeta DNA polymerase complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric DNA polymerase complex that catalyzes error-prone DNA synthesis in contexts such as translesion synthesis and double-stranded break repair. First characterized in Saccharomyces, in which the subunits are Rev3p and Rev7p; a third protein, Rev1p, is often associated with the polymerase dimer.
2008-05-13 GO:0009046 zinc D-Ala-D-Ala carboxypeptidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cleavage of the D-alanyl-D-alanine bond in (Ac)2-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine.
2008-05-13 GO:0015341 zinc efflux active transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a zinc ion or zinc ions from the inside of the cell to the outside of the cell across a membrane: Zn2+(out) = Zn2+(in). The activity is driven by proton motive force.
2008-05-13 GO:0022883 zinc efflux transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a zinc ion or zinc ions from the inside of the cell to the outside of the cell across a membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0008270 zinc ion binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with zinc (Zn) ions.
2008-05-13 GO:0055069 zinc ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of zinc ions.
2008-05-13 GO:0005385 zinc ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of zinc (Zn) ions from one side of a membrane to the other.
2008-05-13 GO:0006829 zinc ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of zinc (Zn) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0060095 zinc potentiation of synaptic transmission, glycinergic Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of glycinergic synaptic transmission in the presence of zinc. Glycinergic synaptic transmission is the process of communication from a neuron to another neuron across a synapse using the neurotransmitter glycine.
2008-05-13 GO:0015633 zinc transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + Zn2+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Zn2+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0015340 zinc, cadmium uptake permease activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: (Zn2+ or Cd2+)(out) = (Zn2+ or Cd2+)(in). The activity is driven by proton motive force, possibly by proton symport.
2008-05-13 GO:0008552 zinc, cadmium, cobalt, nickel, lead-efflux ATPase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: Me2+(in) + ATP = Me2+(out) + ADP + phosphate, where Me is Zn2+, Cd2+, Co2+, Ni2+ or Pb2+.
2008-05-13 GO:0015342 zinc, iron permease activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: (Zn2+ or Fe2+)(out) = (Zn2+ or Fe2+)(in), probably powered by proton motive force.
2008-05-13 GO:0016463 zinc-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + Zn2+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Zn2+(out).
2008-05-13 GO:0018708 thiol S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a thiol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a thioether.
2008-05-13 GO:0033870 thiol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a thiol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + an S-alkyl thiosulfate.
2008-05-13 GO:0030508 thiol-disulfide exchange intermediate activity Added DEFINITION Functions as an exchange intermediate in thiol-disulfide exchange reactions.
2008-05-13 GO:0043830 thiol-driven fumarate reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: fumarate + coenzyme M + coenzyme B = succinate + coenzyme M + coenzyme B + heterodisulfide.
2008-05-13 GO:0016790 thiolester hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: RCO-SR' + H2O = RCOOH + HSR'. This reaction is the hydrolysis of a thiolester bond, an ester formed from a carboxylic acid and a thiol (i.e., RCO-SR'), such as that found in acetyl-coenzyme A.
2008-05-13 GO:0047127 thiomorpholine-carboxylate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NAD(P)+ + thiomorpholine-3-carboxylate = NAD(P)H + 3,4-dehydro-1,4-thiomorpholine-3-carboxylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050603 thiophene-2-carbonyl-CoA monooxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: thiophene-2-carbonyl-CoA + AH2 + O2 = 5-hydroxythiophene-2-carbonyl-CoA + A + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0008119 thiopurine S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a thiopurine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a thiopurine S-methylether.
2008-05-13 GO:0000008 thioredoxin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a general protein disulfide oxidoreductase. Interacts with a broad range of proteins by a redox mechanism, based on the reversible oxidation of 2 cysteine thiol groups to a disulfide, accompanied by the transfer of 2 electrons and 2 protons. The net result is the covalent interconversion of a disulfide and a dithiol.
2008-05-13 GO:0042964 thioredoxin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thioredoxin, a small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a general protein disulfide oxidoreductase.
2008-05-13 GO:0006125 thioredoxin pathway Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE.
2008-05-13 GO:0008379 thioredoxin peroxidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: thioredoxin + H2O2 = thioredoxin disulfide + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0004791 thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: thioredoxin + NADP+ = thioredoxin disulfide + NADPH + H+.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 GO:0004794 L-threonine ammonia-lyase activity Deleted SYNONYM 4.2.1.16
2008-05-13 GO:0003886 DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity Added SYNONYM site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added SYNONYM inhibition of lipoprotein oxidation
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added SYNONYM inhibition of plasma lipoprotein oxidation
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added SYNONYM thrH
2008-05-13 GO:0033014 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2008-05-13 GO:0033526 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process from glutamate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next, from other compouds, including L-glutamate.
2008-05-13 GO:0033527 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process from glycine and succinyl-CoA Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next, from other compouds, including glycine and succinyl-CoA.
2008-05-13 GO:0033015 tetrapyrrole catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the breakdown of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2008-05-13 GO:0033013 tetrapyrrole metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2008-05-13 GO:0016109 tetraterpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0016110 tetraterpenoid catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0016108 tetraterpenoid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0046866 tetraterpenoid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tetraterpenoids into, out of, within or between cells. Tetraterpenoids are terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0033348 tetrose biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a tetrose, any monosaccharide with a chain of four carbon atoms in the molecule.
2008-05-13 GO:0033347 tetrose metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a tetrose, any monosaccharide with a chain of four carbon atoms in the molecule.
2008-05-13 GO:0033415 UGA codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGA codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0033414 UGC codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGC codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0033416 UGG codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGG codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0033413 UGU codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION A triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity that recognizes a TGT codon.
2008-05-13 GO:0021794 thalamus development Added DEFINITION The process by which the thalamus changes over time, from its initial formation to its mature state.
2008-05-13 GO:0051746 thalianol synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cyclization of 3(S)-oxidosqualene to (3S,13S,14R)-malabarica-8,17,21-trien-3-ol (thalianol).
2008-05-13 GO:0050330 theanine hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N5-ethyl-L-glutamine + H2O = L-glutamate + ethylamine.
2008-05-13 GO:0042695 thelarche Added DEFINITION The beginning of development of the breasts in the female.
2008-05-13 GO:0050955 thermoception Added DEFINITION The series of events required for an organism to receive a temperature stimulus, convert it to a molecular signal, and recognize and characterize the signal. Thermoception in larger animals is mainly done in the skin; mammals have at least two types of sensor, for detecting heat (temperatures above body temperature) and cold (temperatures below body temperature).
2008-05-13 GO:0040040 thermosensory behavior Added DEFINITION Behavior that is dependent upon the sensation of temperature.
2008-05-13 GO:0010487 thermospermine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosylmethioninamine + spermidine = 5'-methylthioadenosine + thermospermine.
2008-05-13 GO:0043052 thermotaxis Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to a temperature gradient. Movement may be towards either a higher or lower temperature.
2008-05-13 GO:0016105 triterpenoid catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with six isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0006722 triterpenoid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with six isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0047401 trithionate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + trithionate = 2 H+ + SO4(2-) (sulfate) + S2O3(2-).
2008-05-13 GO:0004808 tRNA (5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate)-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016426 tRNA (adenine) methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to an adenine residue in a tRNA molecule.
2008-05-13 GO:0043827 tRNA (adenine-57, 58-N(1)-) methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the methylation of adenine-57 and adenine-58 in the T-loop of tRNA.
2008-05-13 GO:0016429 tRNA (adenine-N1-)-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N1-methyladenine.
2008-05-13 GO:0016430 tRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N6-methyladenine.
2008-05-13 GO:0030762 tetrahydrocolumbamine 2-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,8,13,13a-tetrahydrocolumbamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tetrahydropalmatine.
2008-05-13 GO:0015010 tetrahydrocorphin metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrocorphins, tetrapyrroles that combine the structural elements of both porphyrins and corrins.
2008-05-13 GO:0047200 tetrahydrodipicolinate N-acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrodipicolinate + acetyl-CoA = L-2-acetamido-6-oxoheptanedioate + CoA.
2008-05-13 GO:0046654 tetrahydrofolate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2008-05-13 GO:0046653 tetrahydrofolate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2008-05-13 GO:0046901 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0046900 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0004326 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + tetrahydrofolyl-(Glu)(n) + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + tetrahydrofolyl-(Glu)(n+1).
2008-05-13 GO:0018649 tetrahydrofuran hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tetrahydrofuran + O2 + 2 H+ + 2 e- = H2O + 2-hydroxytetrahydrofuran.
2008-05-13 GO:0018968 tetrahydrofuran metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofuran, a cyclic 4 carbon ether. It is one of the most polar ethers and is a widely used solvent for polar reagents. Since THF is very soluble in water and has a relatively low boiling point, significant amounts are often released into the environment, causing contamination problems.
2008-05-13 GO:0030269 tetrahydromethanopterin S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin + 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate = 5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin + 2-(methylthio)ethanesulfonate. 2-(methylthio)ethanesulfonate is also known as methyl-CoM.
2008-05-13 GO:0019174 tetrahydrothiophene 1-oxide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tetrahydrothiophene 1-oxide + reduced acceptor = tetrahydrothiophene + acceptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0047039 tetrahydroxynaphthalene reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADP+ + scytalone = NADPH + H+ + 1,3,6,8-naphthalenetetrol.
2008-05-13 GO:0050329 tetrahydroxypteridine cycloisomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tetrahydroxypteridine = xanthine-8-carboxylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0034073 tetrahymanol cyclase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: squalene = tetrahymanol.
2008-05-13 GO:0046906 tetrapyrrole binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a tetrapyrrole, a compound containing four pyrrole nuclei variously substituted and linked to each other through carbons at the alpha position.
2008-05-13 GO:0045142 triplex DNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a DNA triple helix. The formation of triple helical DNA has been evoked in several cellular processes including transcription, replication, and recombination.
2008-05-13 GO:0048031 trisaccharide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any trisaccharide. Trisaccharides are sugars composed of three monosaccharide units.
2008-05-13 GO:0046842 trisporic acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of trisporic acid.
2008-05-13 GO:0046841 trisporic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving trisporic acid, a carotenoic acid derivative used as a pheromone in some species of Zygomycota.
2008-05-13 GO:0016104 triterpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with six isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0009650 UV protection Added DEFINITION The processes by which an organism or cell protects itself from ultraviolet radiation (UV), which may also result in resistance to repeated exposure to UV.
2008-05-13 GO:0009588 UV-A, blue light phototransduction Added DEFINITION The sequence of reactions within a cell required to convert absorbed photons from UV-A or blue light into a molecular signal; the UV-A, blue light range is defined as having a wavelength within the range of approximately 400-500 nm.
2008-05-13 GO:0015064 UV-sensitive opsin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. An opsin with maximal absorption below 400 nm.
2008-05-13 GO:0033151 V(D)J recombination Added DEFINITION The process by which immune receptor V, D, and J, or V and J gene segments, depending on the specific receptor, are recombined within a single locus utilizing the conserved heptamer and nonomer recombination signal sequences (RSS).
2008-05-13 GO:0031894 V1A vasopressin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a V1A vasopressin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0031895 V1B vasopressin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a V1B vasopressin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0031896 V2 vasopressin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a V2 vasopressin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0007035 vacuolar acidification Added DEFINITION Any process that reduces the pH of the vacuole, measured by the concentration of the hydrogen ion.
2008-05-13 GO:0005479 vacuolar assembly Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0007036 vacuolar calcium ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of calcium ions in the vacuole or between a vacuole and its surroundings.
2008-05-13 GO:0004258 vacuolar carboxypeptidase Y Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the release of a C-terminal amino acid with a broad specificity.
2008-05-13 GO:0000219 vacuolar hydrogen-transporting ATPase Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0005775 vacuolar lumen Added DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0005774 vacuolar membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding the vacuole and separating its contents from the cytoplasm of the cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0044437 vacuolar part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of a vacuole, a closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by unit membrane and contains liquid material.
2008-05-13 GO:0007037 vacuolar phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of phosphates into, out of or within a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0007039 protein catabolic process in the vacuole Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein in the vacuole, usually by the action of vacuolar proteases.
2008-05-13 GO:0006624 vacuolar protein processing Added DEFINITION The posttranslational modification of proteins in the vacuole, including proteolytic cleavage of precursors to form active enzymes.
2008-05-13 GO:0016471 vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase complex Added DEFINITION A proton-transporting two-sector ATPase complex found in the vacuolar membrane, where it acts as a proton pump to mediate acidification of the vacuolar lumen.
2008-05-13 GO:0000220 vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase, V0 domain Added DEFINITION The V0 domain of a proton-transporting V-type ATPase found in the vacuolar membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0000221 vacuolar proton-transporting V-type ATPase, V1 domain Added DEFINITION The V1 domain of a proton-transporting V-type ATPase found in the vacuolar membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0043181 vacuolar sequestering Added DEFINITION The process of transporting a substance into, and confining within, a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0043182 vacuolar sequestering of sodium ion Added DEFINITION The process of transporting sodium ions into, and confining within, a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0010209 vacuolar sorting signal binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a vacuolar sorting signal, a specific peptide sequence that acts as a signal to localize the protein within the vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0007034 vacuolar transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances into, out of or within a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0033254 vacuolar transporter chaperone complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that contains four related proteins that have been implicated in several membrane-related processes, such as sorting of H+-translocating ATPases, endocytosis, ER-Golgi trafficking, vacuole fusion, vacuolar polyphosphate homeostasis and the microautophagic scission of vesicles into the vacuolar lumen. The complex is enriched at the vacuolar membrane, but also found in other cellular compartments, including the ER and the cell periphery. In Saccharomyces, the subunits are Vtc1p, Vtc2p, Vtc3p and Vtc4p.
2008-05-13 GO:0005773 vacuole Added DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by unit membrane and contains liquid material. Cells contain one or several vacuoles, that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array of functions. They can act as a storage organelle for nutrients or waste products, as a degradative compartment, as a cost-effective way of increasing cell size, and as a homeostatic regulator controlling both turgor pressure and pH of the cytosol.
2008-05-13 GO:0042144 vacuole fusion, non-autophagic Added DEFINITION The fusion of two vacuole membranes to form a single vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0000011 vacuole inheritance Added DEFINITION The distribution of vacuoles into daughter cells after mitosis or meiosis, mediated by interactions between vacuoles and the cytoskeleton.
2008-05-13 GO:0007033 vacuole organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a vacuole.
2008-05-13 GO:0000325 plant-type vacuole Added DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by a unit membrane, contains liquid, and retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase.
2008-05-13 GO:0000324 fungal-type vacuole Added DEFINITION The vacuole is a large, membrane-bounded organelle that functions as a reservoir for the storage of small molecules (including polyphosphate, amino acids, several divalent cations (e.g. calcium), other ions, and other small molecules) as well as being the primary compartment for degradation. It is an acidic compartment, containing an ensemble of acid hydrolases. At least in S. cerevisiae, there are indications that the morphology of the vacuole is variable and correlated with the cell cycle, with logarithmically growing cells having a multilobed, reticulated vacuole, while stationary phase cells contain a single large structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0060068 vagina development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the vagina over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0021564 vagus nerve development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the vagus nerve over time, from its formation to the mature structure. This nerve is primarily sensory but also has visceromotor components. It originates in the brain stem and controls many autonomic functions of the heart, lungs, stomach, pharynx, larynx, trachea, esophagus and other gastrointestinal tract components. It controls some motor functions such as speech. The sensory branches mediate sensation from the pharynx, larynx, thorax and abdomen; it also innervates taste buds in the epiglottis.
2008-05-13 GO:0034385 triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle Added DEFINITION A plasma lipoprotein particle that has a hydrophobic core enriched in triglycerides surrounded by an amphipathic monolayer of phospholipids, cholesterol and apolipoproteins. Triglyceride-rich lipoproteinparticles transport lipids, which are non-covalently associated with the particles, in the blood.
2008-05-13 GO:0034370 triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle remodeling Added DEFINITION The acquisition, loss or modification of a protein or lipid within a triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle, including the hydrolysis of triglyceride by lipoprotein lipase, with the subsequent loss of free fatty acid, and the transfer of cholesterol esters to a triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle by cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), with the simultaneous transfer of triglyceride from a triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particle.
2008-05-13 GO:0047292 trihydroxypterocarpan dimethylallyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (6AS,11AS)-3,6A,9-trihydroxypterocarpan + dimethylallyl-pyrophosphate = glyceollin + pyrophosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050350 trihydroxystilbene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3 malonyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 3,4',5-trihydroxy-stilbene + 4 CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0018616 trihydroxytoluene dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2,3,5-trihydroxytoluene + O2 = 2,4,6-trioxoheptanoate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050351 trimetaphosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimetaphosphate + H2O = triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050470 trimethylamine dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimethylamine + H2O + electron-transferring flavoprotein = dimethylamine + formaldehyde + reduced electron-transferring flavoprotein.
2008-05-13 GO:0043834 trimethylamine methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimethylamine + a trimethylamine corrinoid protein = a methylated trimethylamine corrinoid protein + dimethylamine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050626 trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase (cytochrome c) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trimethylamine + 2 (ferricytochrome c)-subunit + H2O = trimethylamine-N-oxide + 2 (ferrocytochrome c)-subunit + 2 H+ .
2008-05-13 GO:0009033 trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADH + H+ + trimethylamine-N-oxide = NAD+ + trimethylamine + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0009322 trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase complex Added DEFINITION An enzyme complex that catalyzes the reduction of trimethylamine N-oxide to trimethylamine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050352 trimethylamine-oxide aldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (CH3)3NO = (CH3)2NH + formaldehyde.
2008-05-13 GO:0050353 trimethyllysine dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = 3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0047147 trimethylsulfonium-tetrahydrofolate N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: THF + trimethyl sulfonium = 5-methyl-THF + dimethyl sulfide.
2008-05-13 GO:0046259 trinitrotoluene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of trinitrotoluene, a methylated benzene molecule with three NO2 groups attached to it.
2008-05-13 GO:0046260 trinitrotoluene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of trinitrotoluene, a methylated benzene entity with three NO2 groups attached to it. This includes the explosive TNT, 1-methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene.
2008-05-13 GO:0018973 trinitrotoluene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving trinitrotoluene, a methylated benzene molecule with three NO2 groups attached to it. This includes the explosive TNT, 1-methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene.
2008-05-13 GO:0050354 triokinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + D-glyceraldehyde = ADP + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0015717 triose phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of triose phosphate into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0004807 triose-phosphate isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = glycerone phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0009670 triose-phosphate:phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the exchange of an organic three carbon compound phosphate ester for inorganic phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0018772 trioxoheptanoate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2,4,6-trioxoheptanoate + H2O = acetylpyruvate + acetate.
2008-05-13 GO:0031317 tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic transporter complex Added DEFINITION A complex consisting of two membrane proteins and one extracytoplasmic solute receptor. Such transporters transport a variety of substrates without direct ATP power, instead using enery from ion gradients.
2008-05-13 GO:0007351 tripartite regional subdivision Added DEFINITION Subdivision of the embryo along the anterior/posterior axis into anterior, posterior and terminal regions.
2008-05-13 GO:0019019 tripartite viral genome Added DEFINITION A segmented viral genome consisting of three sub-genomic nucleic acids but each nucleic acid is packaged into a different virion.
2008-05-13 GO:0045148 tripeptide aminopeptidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of the N-terminal residue from a tripeptide.
2008-05-13 GO:0042939 tripeptide transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a tripeptide, a compound containing three amino acids linked together by peptide bonds, into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0042937 tripeptide transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a tripeptide, a compound containing three amino acids linked together by peptide bonds, into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0008240 tripeptidyl-peptidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of an N-terminal tripeptide from a polypeptide.
2008-05-13 GO:0019131 tripeptidyl-peptidase I activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of an N-terminal tripeptide from a polypeptide; requires acid pH.
2008-05-13 GO:0004294 tripeptidyl-peptidase II activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the release of an N-terminal tripeptide from a polypeptide at neutral pH.
2008-05-13 GO:0050355 triphosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: triphosphate + H2O = diphosphate + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0046917 triphosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-dephospho-CoA = 2'-(5''-triphosphoribosyl)-3'-dephospho-CoA + adenine.
2008-05-13 GO:0016793 triphosphoric monoester hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of a triphosphoester to give a triphosphate group and a free hydroxyl group.
2008-05-13 GO:0030533 triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity Added DEFINITION The codon binding activity of a tRNA that positions an activated amino acid, mediating its insertion at the correct point in the sequence of a nascent polypeptide chain during protein synthesis.
2008-05-13 GO:0010333 terpene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalyzing the formation of cyclic terpenes through the cyclization of linear terpenes containing varying quantities of isoprene units (i.e. isopentenyl-PP, geranyl-PP, farnesyl-PP and geranylgeranyl-PP).
2008-05-13 GO:0016114 terpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoids, any member of a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0051485 terpenoid biosynthetic process, mevalonate-dependent Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoids via isopentenyl diphosphate, synthesized by the mevalonate pathway. Isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) is the fundamental unit in terpenoid biosynthesis, and in mevalonate-dependent terpenoid biosynthesis, actetate, in the form of acetyl-CoA, is converted to isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) through a series of mevalonate intermediates.
2008-05-13 GO:0051483 terpenoid biosynthetic process, mevalonate-independent Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoids, independent of mevalonate. Isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) is the fundamental unit in terpenoid biosynthesis, and in mevalonate-independent biosynthesis, it is produced from pyruvate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate via intermediates including 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016115 terpenoid catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of terpenoids, any member of a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0009709 terpenoid indole alkaloid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenoid indole alkaloids, compounds formed from the condensation of tryptamine (derived from tryptophan) and secologanin (derived from geranyl pyrophosphate).
2008-05-13 GO:0046447 terpenoid indole alkaloid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving terpenoid indole alkaloids, compounds formed from the condensation of tryptamine (derived from tryptophan) and secologanin (derived from geranyl pyrophosphate).
2008-05-13 GO:0006721 terpenoid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving terpenoids, any member of a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure and including derivatives with various functional groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0046865 terpenoid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of terpenoids into, out of, within or between cells. Terpenoids are a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure and include derivatives with various functional groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0018594 tert-butanol 2-monooxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tert-butyl alcohol + 1/2 O2 = 2-methyl-2-hydroxy-1-propanol.
2008-05-13 GO:0030724 testicular fusome organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of the fusome of testicular cells, an organelle derived from the spectrosome.
2008-05-13 GO:0030726 male germline ring canal formation Added DEFINITION Formation of the intercellular bridges that connect the germ-line cells of a male cyst.
2008-05-13 GO:0008388 testosterone 15-alpha-hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + donor-H2 + O2 = 15-alpha-hydroxytestosterone + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0008390 testosterone 16-alpha-hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + donor-H2 + O2 = 6-alpha-hydroxytestosterone + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0047045 testosterone 17-beta-dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADP+ + testosterone = NADPH + H+ + androst-4-ene-3,17-dione.
2008-05-13 GO:0050327 testosterone 17-beta-dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + NAD+ = androst-4-ene-3,17-dione + NADH.
2008-05-13 GO:0050649 testosterone 6-beta-hydroxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: testosterone + donor-H2 + O2 = 6-beta-hydroxytestosterone + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0009029 tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl-(beta-D-1,6)-2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl beta-phosphate = ADP + 2,3,2',3'-tetrakis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl-1,6-beta-D-glucosamine 1,4'-bisphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0018550 tetrachloro-p-hydroquinone reductive dehalogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: organohalide + 2 GSH = GSSG + HCl + RH. Substrates are 2,3,5,6-tetrachlorohydroquinone (TeCH) (forms 2,3,6-trichlorohydroquinone (TrCH)) and 2,3,6-trichlorohydroquinone (TrCH) (forms 2,6-dichlorohydroquinone (DiCH)).
2008-05-13 GO:0050629 tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trichloroethene + chloride + acceptor = tetrachloroethene + reduced acceptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0019337 tetrachloroethylene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrachloroethylene, a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines.
2008-05-13 GO:0018967 tetrachloroethylene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrachloroethylene (tetrachloroethene), a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines. Tetrachloroethene has been used primarily as a solvent in dry-cleaning industries and to a lesser extent as a degreasing solvent.
2008-05-13 GO:0043644 tetracycline biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of tetracycline, a broad spectrum antibiotic produced by streptomyces bacteria that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0043643 tetracycline metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving tetracycline, a broad spectrum antibiotic produced by streptomyces bacteria that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0015904 tetracycline transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0008493 tetracycline transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2008-05-13 GO:0015520 tetracycline:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: H+(out) + tetracycline(in) = H+(in) + tetracycline(out).
2008-05-13 GO:0050328 tetrahydroberberine oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-tetrahydroberberine + 2 O2 = berberine + 2 H2O2.
2008-05-13 GO:0006729 tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2008-05-13 GO:0046147 tetrahydrobiopterin catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2008-05-13 GO:0046146 tetrahydrobiopterin metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2008-05-13 GO:0047363 triglucosylalkylacylglycerol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,3-1-O-alkyl-2-O-acylglycerol + 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate = 6-sulfo-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl-1,3-1-O-alkyl-2-O-acylglycerol + adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0017129 triglyceride binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any triester of glycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0042704 uterine wall breakdown Added DEFINITION The sloughing of the endometrium and blood vessels during menstruation that results from a drop in progesterone levels.
2008-05-13 GO:0042702 uterine wall growth Added DEFINITION The regrowth of the endometrium and blood vessels in the uterus following menstruation, resulting from a rise in progesterone levels.
2008-05-13 GO:0060065 uterus development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the uterus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0006228 UTP biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of UTP, uridine (5'-)triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0046052 UTP catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of UTP, uridine (5'-)triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0046051 UTP metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving UTP, uridine (5'-)triphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0051748 UTP-monosaccharide-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + a monosaccharide 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-monosaccharide.
2008-05-13 GO:0010491 UTP:arabinose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-L-arabinose 1-phosphate + UTP = UDP-L-arabinose + diphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0017103 UTP:galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + alpha-D-galactose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-galactose.
2008-05-13 GO:0003983 UTP:glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-glucose.
2008-05-13 GO:0043763 UTP:glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase regulator activity Added DEFINITION Modulates the activity of UTP:glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase.
2008-05-13 GO:0047338 UTP:xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-D-xylose 1-phosphate + UTP = UDP-D-xylose + diphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0021559 trigeminal nerve development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the trigeminal nerve over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021638 trigeminal nerve formation Added DEFINITION The process that gives rise to the trigeminal nerve. This process pertains to the initial formation of a structure from unspecified parts. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021635 trigeminal nerve maturation Added DEFINITION A developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for the trigeminal nerve to attain its fully functional state. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021636 trigeminal nerve morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the trigeminal nerve is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021637 trigeminal nerve structural organization Added DEFINITION The process that contributes to the act of creating the structural organization of the oculomotor nerve. This process pertains to the physical shaping of a rudimentary structure. The trigeminal nerve is composed of three large branches. They are the ophthalmic (V1, sensory), maxillary (V2, sensory) and mandibular (V3, motor and sensory) branches. The sensory ophthalmic branch travels through the superior orbital fissure and passes through the orbit to reach the skin of the forehead and top of the head. The maxillary nerve contains sensory branches that reach the pterygopalatine fossa via the inferior orbital fissure (face, cheek and upper teeth) and pterygopalatine canal (soft and hard palate, nasal cavity and pharynx). The motor part of the mandibular branch is distributed to the muscles of mastication, the mylohyoid muscle and the anterior belly of the digastric. The mandibular nerve also innervates the tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani muscles. The sensory part of the mandibular nerve is composed of branches that carry general sensory information from the mucous membranes of the mouth and cheek, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, lower teeth, skin of the lower jaw, side of the head and scalp and meninges of the anterior and middle cranial fossae.
2008-05-13 GO:0021730 trigeminal sensory nucleus development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the trigeminal sensory nucleus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0021974 trigeminothalamic tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in spinal cord towards target cells in the thalamus. This axonal processes is a member of those that make up the trigeminothalamic tract, one of the major routes of nociceptive and temperature signaling from the face.
2008-05-13 GO:0045134 uridine-diphosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP + H2O = UMP + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0017131 uridine-rich cytoplasmic polyadenylylation element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with U-rich sequence in the 3'-end of mRNAs; required for cytoplasmic polyadenylylation.
2008-05-13 GO:0015394 uridine:hydrogen ion symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: uridine(out) + H+(out) = uridine(in) + H+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0009041 uridylate kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + (d)UMP = ADP + (d)UDP.
2008-05-13 GO:0060157 urinary bladder development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the urinary bladder over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The urinary bladder is an elastic, muscular sac situated in the anterior part of the pelvic cavity in which urine collects before excretion.
2008-05-13 GO:0014832 urinary bladder smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary bladder. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary bladder is a musculomembranous sac along the urinary tract.
2008-05-13 GO:0005192 urinary protein Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0014848 urinary tract smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the urinary tract. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The urinary tract consists of organs of the body that produce and discharge urine. These include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
2008-05-13 GO:0042292 URM1 activating enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the activation of the small ubiquitin-related modifier URM1, through the formation of an ATP-dependent high-energy thiolester bond.
2008-05-13 GO:0042294 URM1 conjugating enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the covalent attachment of the ubiquitin-like protein URM1 to other proteins or other substrate molecules.
2008-05-13 GO:0042290 URM1 hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0016153 urocanate hydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4,5-dihydro-4-oxo-5-imidazolepropanoate = urocanate + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0001655 urogenital system development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the urogenital system over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0050388 uronate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-galacturonate + NAD+ + H2O = D-galactarate + NADH.
2008-05-13 GO:0006063 uronic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving uronic acid, any monocarboxylic acid formally derived by oxidizing to a carboxyl group the terminal hydroxymethylene group of either an aldose with four or more carbon atoms in the molecule, or of any glycoside derived from such an aldose.
2008-05-13 GO:0015133 uronic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of uronic acid from one side of the membrane to the other. Uronic acids are any monocarboxylic acid formally derived by oxidizing to a carboxyl group the terminal hydroxymethylene group of either an aldose with four or more carbon atoms in the molecule, or of any glycoside derived from such an aldose.
2008-05-13 GO:0015735 uronic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of uronic acid into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0050389 uronolactonase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glucurono-6,2-lactone + H2O = D-glucuronate.
2008-05-13 GO:0001931 uropod Added DEFINITION A membrane projection with related cytoskeletal components at the trailing edge of a cell in the process of migrating or being activated, found on the opposite side of the cell from the leading edge or immunological synapse, respectively.
2008-05-13 GO:0031259 uropod membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a uropod.
2008-05-13 GO:0032796 uropod organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a uropod, a rigid membrane projection with related cytoskeletal components at the trailing edge of a lymphocyte or other cell in the process of migrating or being activated.
2008-05-13 GO:0004851 uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uroporphyrin III = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-2.
2008-05-13 GO:0004853 uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uroporphyrinogen-III = coproporphyrinogen + 4 CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0006780 uroporphyrinogen III biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of uroporphyrinogen III.
2008-05-13 GO:0046502 uroporphyrinogen III metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving uroporphyrinogen III, a precursor for synthesis of vitamin B12, chlorophyll, and heme in organisms that produce these compounds.
2008-05-13 GO:0004852 uroporphyrinogen-III synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydroxymethylbilane = uroporphyrinogen-III + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0031889 urotensin receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a urotensin receptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0050674 urothelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of urothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Urothelial cells make up a layer of transitional epithelium in the wall of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis, external to the lamina propria.
2008-05-13 GO:0035154 terminal cell fate specification, open tracheal system Added DEFINITION Process by which a cell in an open tracheal system becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a terminal cell in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway; upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed. Terminal cells send long and bifurcated hollow branches toward target tissues to allow oxygen exchange.
2008-05-13 GO:0014802 terminal cisterna Added DEFINITION The portion of sarcoplasmic reticulum devoted to calcium ion storage and calcium ion release.
2008-05-13 GO:0014804 terminal cisterna lumen Added DEFINITION The region between the inner and outer lipid bilayers of the terminal cisterna envelope. This space is enriched in calsequestrin.
2008-05-13 GO:0006495 terminal O-glycosylation Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0007362 terminal region determination Added DEFINITION Specification of the terminal regions (the two non-segmented ends) of the embryo by the gap genes; exemplified in insects by the actions of huckebein and tailless gene products.
2008-05-13 GO:0051520 termination of bipolar cell growth Added DEFINITION Any process that stops the active process of bipolar cell growth, polarized growth from both ends of a cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0006393 termination of mitochondrial transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule using a mitochondrial DNA template is completed.
2008-05-13 GO:0051521 termination of monopolar cell growth Added DEFINITION Any process that stops the active process of bipolar cell growth, polarized growth from one end of a cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0006363 termination of RNA polymerase I transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase I using a DNA template is completed; typically occurs within U-rich regions.
2008-05-13 GO:0006369 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase II using a DNA template is completed.
2008-05-13 GO:0030846 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription, poly(A)-coupled Added DEFINITION The process by which transcription of polyadenylated RNA polymerase II transcripts is terminated; cleavage and polyadenylylation of the mRNA 3' end is coupled to transcription termination.
2008-05-13 GO:0030847 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription, exosome-dependent Added DEFINITION The process by which transcription of nonpolyadenylated RNA polymerase II transcripts is terminated; coupled to the maturation of the RNA 3'-end.
2008-05-13 GO:0006386 termination of RNA polymerase III transcription Added DEFINITION The process by which transcription by RNA polymerase III is terminated; Pol III has an intrinsic ability to terminate transcription upon incorporation of 4 to 6 contiguous U residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0046246 terpene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of terpenes, any of a large group of hydrocarbons made up of isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0046247 terpene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of terpenes, any of a large group of hydrocarbons made up of isoprene units.
2008-05-13 GO:0042214 terpene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving terpenes, any of a large group of hydrocarbons that are made up of isoprene (C5H8) units which may be cyclic, acyclic or multicyclic, saturated or unsaturated, and may contain various functional groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0030783 [cytochrome c]-methionine S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [cytochrome c]-methionine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [cytochrome c]-S-methyl-methionine.
2008-05-13 GO:0043365 [formate-C-acetyltransferase]-activating enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + dihydroflavodoxin + [formate C-acetyltransferase]-glycine = 5'-deoxyadenosine + L-methionine + flavodoxin semiquinone + [formate C-acetyltransferase]-glycin-2-yl radical.
2008-05-13 GO:0008882 [glutamate-ammonia-ligase] adenylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + (L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)) = diphosphate + adenylyl-(L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)).
2008-05-13 GO:0050407 [glycogen-synthase-D] phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [glycogen-synthase D] + H2O = [glycogen-synthase I] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0033871 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate; modifies selected glucosamine residues preceded by GlcA2S.
2008-05-13 GO:0033872 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 3 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate.
2008-05-13 GO:0015016 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine N-sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + N-desulfoheparin = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + heparin.
2008-05-13 GO:0047322 [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] + ATP = [3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] phosphate + ADP.
2008-05-13 GO:0047384 [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] phosphate = phosphate + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)].
2008-05-13 GO:0008772 [isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+)] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + (isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP)) = ADP + (isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP)) phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0030586 [methionine synthase] reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [methionine synthase]-cob(II)alamin + NADPH + H+ + S-adenosyl methionine = [methionine synthase]-methylcob(I)alamin + S-adenosylhomocysteine + NADP+.
2008-05-13 GO:0016277 [myelin basic protein]-arginine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (myelin basic protein)-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (myelin basic protein)-N(omega)-methyl-arginine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050196 [phosphorylase] phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [phosphorylase a] + 4 H2O = 2 [phosphorylase b] + 4 phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0008773 [protein-PII] uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + (protein-PII) = diphosphate + uridylyl-(protein-PII).
2008-05-13 GO:0004741 [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphate + H2O = [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0019909 [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphatase regulator activity Added DEFINITION Modification of the activity of the enzyme [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphatase.
2008-05-13 GO:0050408 [pyruvate kinase]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [pyruvate kinase] phosphate + H2O = [pyruvate kinase] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0030785 [ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase]-lysine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase]-lysine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase]-N6-methyl-L-lysine.
2008-05-13 GO:0050369 [tyrosine 3-monooxygenase] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + [tyrosine-3-monooxygenase] = ADP + phospho-[tyrosine-3-monooxygenase].
2008-05-13 GO:0034397 telomere localization Added DEFINITION The processes by which a telomere is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location.
2008-05-13 GO:0000723 telomere maintenance Added DEFINITION The maintenance of proper telomeric length and structure by processes that affect and monitor the activity of telomeric proteins and the length of telomeric DNA. These processes includes those that shorten and lengthen the telomeric DNA sequences.
2008-05-13 GO:0043247 telomere maintenance in response to DNA damage Added DEFINITION The processes that occur in response to the presence of critically short telomeres.
2008-05-13 GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination Added DEFINITION The maintenance of proper telomeric length by recombinational processes.
2008-05-13 GO:0032201 telomere maintenance via semi-conservative replication Added DEFINITION The process whereby telomeric DNA is synthesized semi-conservatively by the conventional replication machinery and telomeric accessory factors.
2008-05-13 GO:0007004 telomere maintenance via telomerase Added DEFINITION The maintenace of proper telomeric length by the addition of telomeric repeats by telomerase.
2008-05-13 GO:0032200 telomere organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of telomeres, terminal regions of a linear chromosome that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0034398 telomere tethering at nuclear periphery Added DEFINITION The process by which a telomere is maintained in a specific location at the nuclear periphery.
2008-05-13 GO:0031860 telomeric 3' overhang formation Added DEFINITION The formation of the single stranded telomeric 3' overhang, a conserved feature that ranges in length from 12 nt in budding yeast to approximately 500 nt in humans.
2008-05-13 GO:0042162 telomeric DNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with telomere-associated DNA, usually characterized by highly repetitive sequences.
2008-05-13 GO:0031933 telomeric heterochromatin Added DEFINITION Heterochromatic regions of the chromosome found at the telomeres.
2008-05-13 GO:0031509 telomeric heterochromatin assembly Added DEFINITION The assembly of chromatin into heterochromatin at the telomere.
2008-05-13 GO:0031627 telomeric loop formation Added DEFINITION The process by which linear telomeric DNA is remodeled into duplex loops, by the invasion of a 3' single-stranded overhang into the duplex region.
2008-05-13 GO:0003721 telomeric template RNA reverse transcriptase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the extension of the 3' end of a DNA strand by one deoxynucleotide at a time. Cannot initiate a chain de novo; uses the RNA subunit of the telomerase enzyme complex as its template.
2008-05-13 GO:0051326 telophase Added DEFINITION Progression through telophase, the last stage of chromosome segregation in the cell cycle. Canonically, telophase begins when the chromosomes arrive at the poles of the cell and the division of the cytoplasm starts.
2008-05-13 GO:0010378 temperature compensation of the circadian clock Added DEFINITION The process by which the circadian clock maintains robust and accurate timing over a broad range of physiological temperatures. The circadian clock is an endogenous 24-h timer found in most eukaryotes and in photosynthetic bacteria. The clock drives rhythms in the physiology, biochemistry, and metabolism of the organisms.
2008-05-13 GO:0001659 temperature homeostasis Added DEFINITION A homeostatic process by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature.
2008-05-13 GO:0000332 template for synthesis of G-rich strand of telomere DNA activity Added DEFINITION Provision of the template used by reverse transcriptase to synthesize the G-rich strand of telomeric DNA.
2008-05-13 GO:0018514 terephthalate 1,2-cis-dihydrodiol dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-4,5-dihydroxycyclohexa-1(6),2-diene-1,4-dicarboxylate + NAD+ = 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2008-05-13 GO:0018628 terephthalate 1,2-dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: terephthalate + NADH + H+ + O2 = (1R,6S)-dihydroxycyclohexa-2,4-diene-1,4-dicarboxylate + NAD+.
2008-05-13 GO:0007490 tergite morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the tergite are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The tergite is the primary plate or sclerite forming the dorsal surface of any insect body segment.
2008-05-13 GO:0007430 terminal branching, open tracheal system Added DEFINITION Formation of terminal branches in the open tracheal system. These are long cytoplasmic extensions that form fine tubules that transport oxygen directly to the tissues.
2008-05-13 GO:0043195 terminal bouton Added DEFINITION Terminal inflated portion of the axon, containing the specialized apparatus necessary to release neurotransmitters.
2008-05-13 GO:0033221 urea-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + urea(out) = ADP + phosphate + urea(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0015401 urea:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: urea(out) + Na+(out) = urea(in) + Na+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0009039 urease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urea + H2O = CO2 + 2 NH3.
2008-05-13 GO:0010137 ureide biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ureide, the organic form of nitrogen in nitrogen fixing and transporting plants, from IMP, which is synthesized de novo during nitrogen fixation by roots.
2008-05-13 GO:0010136 ureide catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ureide, which is the organic form of nitrogen in nitrogen fixing and transporting plants with the release of ammonium.
2008-05-13 GO:0010135 ureide metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ureide, allantoin and allantoate, which are the organic forms of nitrogen in nitrogen fixing and transporting plants.
2008-05-13 GO:0009040 ureidoglycolate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-ureidoglycolate + NADP+ = oxalureate + NADPH + H+.
2008-05-13 GO:0004848 ureidoglycolate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (-)-ureidoglycolate + H2O = glyoxylate + 2 NH3 + CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0050385 ureidoglycolate lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (-)-ureidoglycolate = glyoxylate + urea.
2008-05-13 GO:0050386 ureidosuccinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate + H2O = L-aspartate + CO2 + NH3.
2008-05-13 GO:0014849 ureter smooth muscle contraction Added DEFINITION A process whereby force is generated within smooth muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. This process occurs in the ureter. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step. The chemo-mechanical energy conversion step is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. The ureter is one of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
2008-05-13 GO:0001658 branching involved in ureteric bud morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Branching of the ureteric bud.
2008-05-13 GO:0001657 ureteric bud development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the ureteric bud over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0050387 urethanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urethane + H2O = ethanol + CO2 + NH3.
2008-05-13 GO:0046109 uridine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of uridine, uracil riboside, a ribonucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in ribonucleotides and ribonucleic acids.
2008-05-13 GO:0006218 uridine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of uridine, uracil riboside, a ribonucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in ribonucleotides and ribonucleic acids.
2008-05-13 GO:0004849 uridine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + uridine = ADP + UMP.
2008-05-13 GO:0006224 uridine kinase reaction Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0046108 uridine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving uridine, uracil riboside, a ribonucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in ribonucleotides and ribonucleic acids.
2008-05-13 GO:0045437 uridine nucleosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uridine + H2O = D-ribose + uracil.
2008-05-13 GO:0015065 uridine nucleotide receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with UTP or UDP to initiate a change in cell activity.
2008-05-13 GO:0004850 uridine phosphorylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uridine + phosphate = uracil + alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016555 uridine to cytidine editing Added DEFINITION The conversion of a uridine residue to cytosine in an RNA molecule by amination.
2008-05-13 GO:0015213 uridine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of uridine, uracil riboside, from one side of a membrane to the other.
2008-05-13 GO:0015862 uridine transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of uridine, uracil riboside, into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0000277 [cytochrome c]-lysine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + cytochrome c L-lysine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + cytochrome c N6-methyl-L-lysine. This is the addition of a methyl group to the N6 atom of a lysine residue in cytochrome c.
2008-05-13 GO:0019432 triglyceride biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0019433 triglyceride catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0004806 triglyceride lipase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: triacylglycerol + H2O = diacylglycerol + a fatty acid anion.
2008-05-13 GO:0006641 triglyceride metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving triacylglycerol, any triester of glycerol. The three fatty acid residues may all be the same or differ in any permutation. Triacylglycerols are important components of plant oils, animal fats and animal plasma lipoproteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0006642 triglyceride mobilization Added DEFINITION The release of triacylglycerols, any triester of glycerol, from storage within cells or tissues, making them available for metabolism.
2008-05-13 GO:0034197 triglyceride transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of triacylglycerol into, out of, within or between cells. Triacylglycerols are important components of plant oils, animal fats and animal plasma lipoproteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0047197 triglyceride-sterol O-acyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a 3-beta-hydroxysterol + triacylglycerol = a 3-beta-hydroxysterol ester + 1,2-diacylglycerol.
2008-05-13 GO:0016802 trialkylsulfonium hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of a thioether bond, -S-.
2008-05-13 GO:0005371 tricarboxylate secondary active transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tricarboxylate from one side of a membrane to the other, up its concentration gradient. The transporter binds the solute and undergoes a series of conformational changes. Transport works equally well in either direction and is driven by a chemiosmotic source of energy. Chemiosmotic sources of energy include uniport, symport or antiport.
2008-05-13 GO:0006099 tricarboxylic acid cycle Added DEFINITION A nearly universal metabolic pathway in which the acetyl group of acetyl coenzyme A is effectively oxidized to two CO2 and four pairs of electrons are transferred to coenzymes. The acetyl group combines with oxaloacetate to form citrate, which undergoes successive transformations to isocitrate, 2-oxoglutarate, succinyl-CoA, succinate, fumarate, malate, and oxaloacetate again, thus completing the cycle. In eukaryotes the tricarboxylic acid is confined to the mitochondria. See also glyoxylate cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0045239 tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme complex Added DEFINITION Any of the heteromeric enzymes that act in the TCA cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0006100 tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediate metabolic process Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways involving intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0015142 tricarboxylic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tricarboxylic acids from one side of the membrane to the other. Tricarboxylic acid are organic acids with three COOH groups.
2008-05-13 GO:0006842 tricarboxylic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tricarboxylic acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0050696 trichloroethylene catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of trichloroethylene, a toxic, colorless, photoreactive, chlorinated hydrocarbon liquid, commonly used as a metal degreaser and solvent.
2008-05-13 GO:0018979 trichloroethylene metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving trichloroethylene, a toxic, colorless, photoreactive, chlorinated hydrocarbon liquid, commonly used as a metal degreaser and solvent.
2008-05-13 GO:0010054 trichoblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a trichoblast, a root epidermal cell that will give rise to a root hair.
2008-05-13 GO:0010057 trichoblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process involved in the specification of a trichoblast.
2008-05-13 GO:0048764 trichoblast maturation Added DEFINITION A developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for a trichoblast cell to attain its fully functional state.
2008-05-13 GO:0055039 trichocyst Added DEFINITION A crystalline exocytotic organelle composed of small, acidic proteins existing primarily as disulphide-linked dimers. The trichocyst is an organelle that releases long filamentous proteins that capture predators in "nets" to slow them down when the cell is disturbed. The protein is nontoxic and shaped like a long, striated, fibrous shaft.
2008-05-13 GO:0045482 trichodiene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate = trichodiene + diphosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0010091 trichome branching Added DEFINITION The processes involved in the formation of branches in plant hair cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0010026 trichome differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized epidermal cell acquires the specialized features of a trichome cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0048516 trichome initiation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Processes causing the differentiation of an epidermal cell into a trichome cell; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2008-05-13 GO:0010090 trichome morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the structures of a hair cell (trichome) cell are generated and organized. This process occurs while the initially relatively unspecialized epidermal cell is acquiring the specialized features of a hair cell.
2008-05-13 GO:0048629 trichome patterning Added DEFINITION The regionalization process of establishing the non-random spatial arrangement of trichomes on the surface and margin of a leaf. Process involves signaling between adjacent epidermal cells that results in differentiation of some epidermal cells into trichomes.
2008-05-13 GO:0045462 trichothecene 3-O-acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the 3-O-acetylation of a trichothecene. Trichothecenes are sesquiterpene epoxide mycotoxins that act as potent inhibitors of eukaryotic protein synthesis.
2008-05-13 GO:0010263 tricyclic triterpenoid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tricyclic triterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with 6 isoprene units and 3 carbon rings.
2008-05-13 GO:0046266 triethanolamine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of triethanolamine, a combustible, hygroscopic, colorless liquid commonly used in dry-cleaning solutions, cosmetics, detergents, textile processing, wool scouring, and as a corrosion inhibitor and pharmaceutical alkalizing agent.
2008-05-13 GO:0046267 triethanolamine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of triethanolamine, a combustible, hygroscopic, colorless liquid commonly used in dry-cleaning solutions, cosmetics, detergents, textile processing, wool scouring, and as a corrosion inhibitor and pharmaceutical alkalizing agent.
2008-05-13 GO:0018825 triethanolamine lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: triethanolamine = diethanolamine + acetaldehyde.
2008-05-13 GO:0018981 triethanolamine metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving triethanolamine, a combustible, hygroscopic, colorless liquid commonly used in dry-cleaning solutions, cosmetics, detergents, textile processing, wool scouring, and as a corrosion inhibitor and pharmaceutical alkalizing agent.
2008-05-13 GO:0021731 trigeminal motor nucleus development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the trigeminal motor nucleus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2008-05-13 GO:0015393 uracil/uridine permease activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0015505 uracil:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: uracil(out) + cation(out) = uracil(in) + cation(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0050471 uracilylalanine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: O3-acetyl-L-serine + uracil = 3-(uracil-1-yl)-L-alanine + acetate.
2008-05-13 GO:0019628 urate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of urate, the anion of uric acid, 2,6,8-trioxypurine.
2008-05-13 GO:0046415 urate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving urate, the anion of uric acid, 2,6,8-trioxypurine, the end product of purine metabolism in certain mammals and the main excretory product in uricotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0004846 urate oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urate + O2 + H2O = 5-hydroxyisourate + H2O2.
2008-05-13 GO:0015143 urate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of urate from one side of the membrane to the other. Urate is the anion of uric acid, 2,6,8-trioxypurine, the end product of purine metabolism in certain mammals and the main excretory product in uricotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015747 urate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of urate into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0050384 urate-ribonucleotide phosphorylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urate D-ribonucleotide + phosphate = urate + D-ribose 1-phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0033219 urea binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with urea, a water-soluble carboxamide with the structure H2N-CO-NH2.
2008-05-13 GO:0004847 urea carboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + urea + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + urea-1-carboxylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0043419 urea catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of urea, the water soluble compound O=C-(NH2)2.
2008-05-13 GO:0015265 urea channel activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of facilitated diffusion of urea (by an energy-independent process) involving passage through a transmembrane aqueous pore or channel without evidence for a carrier-mediated mechanism.
2008-05-13 GO:0000050 urea cycle Added DEFINITION A cyclic metabolic pathway that converts waste nitrogen in the form of ammonium to urea.
2008-05-13 GO:0000051 urea cycle intermediate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any of the intermediate compounds involved in the urea cycle, a cyclic metabolic pathway that converts waste nitrogen in the form of ammonium to urea.
2008-05-13 GO:0019627 urea metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving urea, the water soluble compound O=C-(NH2)2, produced in the liver by the ornithine cycle. It is the main nitrogen-containing excretion product in ureotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015204 urea transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of urea cross a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Urea is the water soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, produced in the liver via the ornithine-urea cycle. It is the main nitrogen-containing (urinary) excretion product in ureotelic animals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015840 urea transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement into, out of or within the cell of urea, the water-soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, produced in the liver via the ornithine-urea cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0042156 zinc-mediated transcriptional activator activity Added DEFINITION Initiates or upregulates transcription in the presence of zinc.
2008-05-13 GO:0022006 zona limitans intrathalamica formation Added DEFINITION The formation of the narrow stripe of cells that lies between the prospective dorsal and ventral thalami. This boundary contains signals that pattern the prethalamic and thalamic territories of the future mid-diencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0005915 zonula adherens Added DEFINITION Cell-cell adherens junction which forms a continuous belt near the apex of epithelial cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0045186 zonula adherens assembly Added DEFINITION Assembly of the zonula adherens, a cell-cell adherens junction which forms a continuous belt near the apex of epithelial cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0045218 zonula adherens maintenance Added DEFINITION Maintaining the zonula adherens junction, the cell-cell adherens junction formed near the apex of epithelial cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0034296 zygospore formation Added DEFINITION The process by which zygospores are formed. Zygospores are characteristic of the zygomycete fungi (phylum Zygomycota) thick-walled and darkly colored, and usually heavily ornamented as well, with many spines or ridges. It is formed between two specialized organs called suspensors, which are themselves usually heavily ornamented, one from each mating partner. The zygospore forms between them and then breaks away.
2008-05-13 GO:0010070 zygote asymmetric cell division Added DEFINITION The division of the zygote into two daughter cells that will adopt developmentally distinct potentials.
2008-05-13 GO:0010069 zygote asymmetric cytokinesis in embryo sac Added DEFINITION The division of the zygote in a plane perpendicular to the long axis of the embryo sac to produce a larger basal cell near the micropyle and a small terminal cell close to what was the central cell and is now the developing endosperm.
2008-05-13 GO:0000238 zygotene Added DEFINITION Progression through the second stage of prophase I in meiosis, in which each chromosome pairs with its homolog; the two become aligned and crossing over may occur.
2008-05-13 GO:0007354 zygotic determination of anterior/posterior axis, embryo Added DEFINITION The specification of the anterior/posterior axis of the embryo by products of genes expressed in the zygote; exemplified in insects by the gap genes, pair rule genes and segment polarity gene cascade.
2008-05-13 GO:0007352 zygotic specification of dorsal/ventral axis Added DEFINITION The specification of the dorsal/ventral axis of the embryo, through the products of genes expressed in the zygote.
2008-05-13 GO:0031638 zymogen activation Added DEFINITION The proteolytic processing of an inactive enzyme to an active form.
2008-05-13 GO:0042588 zymogen granule Added DEFINITION A membrane-bounded, cytoplasmic secretory granule found in enzyme-secreting cells and visible by light microscopy. Contain zymogen, an inactive enzyme precursor, often of a digestive enzyme.
2008-05-13 GO:0042589 zymogen granule membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a zymogen granule.
2008-05-13 GO:0001872 (1->3)-beta-D-glucan binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with zymosan.
2008-05-13 GO:0001874 (1->3)-beta-D-glucan receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with zymosan to initiate a change in cell activity.
2008-05-13 GO:0047323 [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) = ADP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0047385 [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] phosphate = phosphate + [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)].
2008-05-13 GO:0050405 [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] = ADP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050406 [acetyl-CoA carboxylase]-phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [acetyl-CoA carboxylase]-phosphate + H2O = [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] + phosphate.
2008-05-13 GO:0008770 [acyl-carrier-protein] phosphodiesterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [acyl-carrier protein] + H2O = 4'-phosphopantetheine + apoprotein.
2008-05-13 GO:0004313 [acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier protein] = CoA + acetyl-[acyl-carrier protein].
2008-05-13 GO:0004314 [acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malonyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier protein] = CoA + malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein].
2008-05-13 GO:0008771 [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase] ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + acetate + (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) (thiol form) = AMP + diphosphate + (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) (acetyl form).
2008-05-13 GO:0047778 [citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase] thiolesterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase](acetyl form) + H2O = [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase](thiol form) + acetate.
2008-05-13 GO:0016275 [cytochrome c]-arginine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (cytochrome c)-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (cytochrome c)-N(omega)-methyl-arginine.
2008-05-13 GO:0021977 tectospinal tract morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation of a long process of a CNS neuron, that carries efferent (outgoing) action potentials from the cell body in the superior colliculus of the midbrain towards target cells in the ventral spinal cord.
2008-05-13 GO:0043676 tectum Added DEFINITION The layer of sexine which forms a roof over the columella, granules or other infratectal elements.
2008-05-13 GO:0019350 teichoic acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0046374 teichoic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0015162 teichoic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of teichoic acid from one side of the membrane to the other. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0015777 teichoic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2008-05-13 GO:0015438 teichoic-acid-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + teichoic acid(in) = ADP + phosphate + teichoic acid(out).
2008-05-13 GO:0050845 teichuronic acid biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria.
2008-05-13 GO:0050846 teichuronic acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria.
2008-05-13 GO:0022031 telencephalon astrocyte cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of astrocyte cells through the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0022029 telencephalon cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of cells from one site to another at least one of which is located in the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0021537 telencephalon development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the telencephalon over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The telencephalon is the paired anteriolateral division of the prosencephalon plus the lamina terminalis from which the olfactory lobes, cerebral cortex, and subcortical nuclei are derived.
2008-05-13 GO:0022030 telencephalon glial cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of glial cells through the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0022033 telencephalon microglial cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of microglial cells through the telencephalon.
2008-05-13 GO:0022032 telencephalon oligodendrocyte cell migration Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of telencephalon oligodendrocyte cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2008-05-13 GO:0021978 telencephalon regionalization Added DEFINITION The regionalization process that creates areas within the forebrain that will direct the behavior of cell migration in differentiation as the telencephalon develops.
2008-05-13 GO:0031433 telethonin binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with telethonin, a protein found in the Z disc of striated muscle and which is a substrate of the titin kinase.
2008-05-13 GO:0015118 tellurite transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tellurite from one side of a membrane to the other. Tellurite is a salt of tellurous acid or an oxide of tellurium which occurs sparingly in tufts of white or yellowish crystals.
2008-05-13 GO:0015710 tellurite transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tellurite into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0015654 tellurite uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of tellurite from the outside of a cell to the inside across a membrane: tellurite(out) + H+(out) = tellurite(in) + H+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0019873 tellurium sensitivity/resistance Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0042639 telogen Added DEFINITION The resting phase of hair cycle.
2008-05-13 GO:0003720 telomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). Catalyzes extension of the 3'- end of a DNA strand by one deoxynucleotide at a time using an internal RNA template that encodes the telomeric repeat sequence.
2008-05-13 GO:0000333 telomerase catalytic core complex Added DEFINITION The minimal catalytic core of telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex composed of a catalytic reverse transcriptase subunit and an RNA subunit that provides the template for telomeric DNA addition.
2008-05-13 GO:0005697 telomerase holoenzyme complex Added DEFINITION Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme complex, with a minimal catalytic core composed of a catalytic reverse transcriptase subunit and an RNA subunit that provides the template for telomeric DNA addition. In vivo, the holoenzyme complex often contains additional subunits.
2008-05-13 GO:0010521 telomerase inhibitor activity Added DEFINITION Stops, prevents or reduces the activity of a telomerase. Telomerase catalyzes the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). Catalyzes extension of the 3'- end of a DNA strand by one deoxynucleotide at a time using an internal RNA template that encodes the telomeric repeat sequence.
2008-05-13 GO:0005573 telomerase RNA Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0005696 telomere Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A complex of DNA and protein that seals the end of a chromosome. The telomeric DNA consists of simple tandemly repeated sequences specific for each species. Typically one strand is G-rich and the other C-rich. The G-rich strand forms a 3'-terminal overhang, the length of which varies with species. The single strand overhang is bound by a variety of proteins, including telomere capping proteins that bind to the single-stranded DNA.
2008-05-13 GO:0032202 telomere assembly Added DEFINITION The creation of a telomere at a non-telomeric double-stranded DNA end.
2008-05-13 GO:0007003 telomere binding Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2008-05-13 GO:0043769 Tpg-containing telomere binding complex Added DEFINITION A complex composed of four polypeptides: a telomere-protecting terminal protein (Tpg), a telomere-associated protein (Tap), DNA polymerase (PolA) and topoisomerase I (TopA) that functions in the replication of the telomeric regions of linear chromosomes, plasmids and circular replicons of some bacterial species.
2008-05-13 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added DEFINITION A complex of DNA and protein located at the end of a linear chromosome that protects and stabilizes a linear chromosome.
2008-05-13 GO:0016233 telomere capping Added DEFINITION A process by which telomeres are protected from degradation and fusion, thereby ensuring chromosome stability by protecting the ends from both degradation and from being recognized as damaged DNA. May be mediated by specific single- or double-stranded telomeric DNA binding proteins.
2008-05-13 GO:0032203 telomere formation via telomerase Added DEFINITION The addition of telomeric repeats to a non-telomeric double-stranded DNA end by telomerase.
2008-05-13 GO:0050382 uracil-5-carboxylate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uracil 5-carboxylate = uracil + CO2.
2008-05-13 GO:0043835 uracil/thymine dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalyzes the reactions: (1) uracil + H2O + acceptor = barbiturate + reduced acceptor (2) thymine + H2O + acceptor = 5-methylbarbiturate + reduced acceptor.
2008-05-13 GO:0016035 zeta DNA polymerase complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric DNA polymerase complex that catalyzes error-prone DNA synthesis in contexts such as translesion synthesis and double-stranded break repair. First characterized in Saccharomyces, in which the subunits are Rev3p and Rev7p; a third protein, Rev1p, is often associated with the polymerase dimer.
2008-05-13 GO:0009046 zinc D-Ala-D-Ala carboxypeptidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cleavage of the D-alanyl-D-alanine bond in (Ac)2-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine.
2008-05-13 GO:0015341 zinc efflux active transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a zinc ion or zinc ions from the inside of the cell to the outside of the cell across a membrane: Zn2+(out) = Zn2+(in). The activity is driven by proton motive force.
2008-05-13 GO:0022883 zinc efflux transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a zinc ion or zinc ions from the inside of the cell to the outside of the cell across a membrane.
2008-05-13 GO:0008270 zinc ion binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with zinc (Zn) ions.
2008-05-13 GO:0055069 zinc ion homeostasis Added DEFINITION The regulation of the levels, transport, and metabolism of zinc ions.
2008-05-13 GO:0005385 zinc ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of zinc (Zn) ions from one side of a membrane to the other.
2008-05-13 GO:0006829 zinc ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of zinc (Zn) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2008-05-13 GO:0060095 zinc potentiation of synaptic transmission, glycinergic Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of glycinergic synaptic transmission in the presence of zinc. Glycinergic synaptic transmission is the process of communication from a neuron to another neuron across a synapse using the neurotransmitter glycine.
2008-05-13 GO:0015633 zinc transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + Zn2+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Zn2+(in).
2008-05-13 GO:0015340 zinc, cadmium uptake permease activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: (Zn2+ or Cd2+)(out) = (Zn2+ or Cd2+)(in). The activity is driven by proton motive force, possibly by proton symport.
2008-05-13 GO:0008552 zinc, cadmium, cobalt, nickel, lead-efflux ATPase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: Me2+(in) + ATP = Me2+(out) + ADP + phosphate, where Me is Zn2+, Cd2+, Co2+, Ni2+ or Pb2+.
2008-05-13 GO:0015342 zinc, iron permease activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reaction: (Zn2+ or Fe2+)(out) = (Zn2+ or Fe2+)(in), probably powered by proton motive force.
2008-05-13 GO:0016463 zinc-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + Zn2+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Zn2+(out).
2008-05-13 GO:0018708 thiol S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a thiol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a thioether.
2008-05-13 GO:0033870 thiol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a thiol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + an S-alkyl thiosulfate.
2008-05-13 GO:0030508 thiol-disulfide exchange intermediate activity Added DEFINITION Functions as an exchange intermediate in thiol-disulfide exchange reactions.
2008-05-13 GO:0043830 thiol-driven fumarate reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: fumarate + coenzyme M + coenzyme B = succinate + coenzyme M + coenzyme B + heterodisulfide.
2008-05-13 GO:0016790 thiolester hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: RCO-SR' + H2O = RCOOH + HSR'. This reaction is the hydrolysis of a thiolester bond, an ester formed from a carboxylic acid and a thiol (i.e., RCO-SR'), such as that found in acetyl-coenzyme A.
2008-05-13 GO:0047127 thiomorpholine-carboxylate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NAD(P)+ + thiomorpholine-3-carboxylate = NAD(P)H + 3,4-dehydro-1,4-thiomorpholine-3-carboxylate.
2008-05-13 GO:0050603 thiophene-2-carbonyl-CoA monooxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: thiophene-2-carbonyl-CoA + AH2 + O2 = 5-hydroxythiophene-2-carbonyl-CoA + A + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0008119 thiopurine S-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a thiopurine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a thiopurine S-methylether.
2008-05-13 GO:0000008 thioredoxin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a general protein disulfide oxidoreductase. Interacts with a broad range of proteins by a redox mechanism, based on the reversible oxidation of 2 cysteine thiol groups to a disulfide, accompanied by the transfer of 2 electrons and 2 protons. The net result is the covalent interconversion of a disulfide and a dithiol.
2008-05-13 GO:0042964 thioredoxin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thioredoxin, a small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a general protein disulfide oxidoreductase.
2008-05-13 GO:0006125 thioredoxin pathway Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE.
2008-05-13 GO:0008379 thioredoxin peroxidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: thioredoxin + H2O2 = thioredoxin disulfide + H2O.
2008-05-13 GO:0004791 thioredoxin-disulfide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: thioredoxin + NADP+ = thioredoxin disulfide + NADPH + H+.

Relationships

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 GO:0045053 protein retention in Golgi apparatus Added RELATION part of GO:0034067 (protein localization to Golgi apparatus)
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added RELATION is a GO:0016773 (phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor)
2008-05-13 GO:0042157 lipoprotein metabolic process Added RELATION is a GO:0044260 (cellular macromolecule metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0042157 lipoprotein metabolic process Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044267 (cellular protein metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0042161 lipoprotein oxidation Deleted RELATION is a GO:0018158 (protein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0042175 nuclear outer membrane-endoplasmic reticulum membrane network Added RELATION is a GO:0016020 (membrane)
2008-05-13 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0030258 (lipid modification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034433 steroid esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0008202 (steroid metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0034434 sterol esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0034433 (steroid esterification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034435 cholesterol esterification Added RELATION is a GO:0034434 (sterol esterification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034436 glycoprotein transport Added RELATION is a GO:0015031 (protein transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0034437 glycoprotein transporter activity Added RELATION is a GO:0008565 (protein transporter activity)
2008-05-13 GO:0034438 lipoprotein amino acid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034438 lipoprotein amino acid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0018158 (protein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034439 lipoprotein lipid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034439 lipoprotein lipid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034440 (lipid oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034440 lipid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0030258 (lipid modification)
2008-05-13 GO:0034441 plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034442 regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0050746 (regulation of lipoprotein metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0034442 regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION regulates GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0050748 (negative regulation of lipoprotein metabolic process)
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION negatively regulates GO:0042161 (lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034443 negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034442 (regulation of lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034444 regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034442 (regulation of lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034444 regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION regulates GO:0034441 (plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034444 (regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034443 (negative regulation of lipoprotein oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0034445 negative regulation of plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation Added RELATION negatively regulates GO:0034441 (plasma lipoprotein particle oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0032940 secretion by cell Added RELATION is a GO:0006810 (transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0030259 lipid glycosylation Deleted RELATION is a GO:0043413 (macromolecule glycosylation)
2008-05-13 GO:0019867 outer membrane Added RELATION is a GO:0016020 (membrane)
2008-05-13 GO:0019867 outer membrane Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044425 (membrane part)
2008-05-13 GO:0019395 fatty acid oxidation Added RELATION is a GO:0034440 (lipid oxidation)
2008-05-13 GO:0016320 endoplasmic reticulum membrane fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0048284 (organelle fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0016189 synaptic vesicle to endosome fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0048284 (organelle fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0015036 disulfide oxidoreductase activity Added RELATION is a GO:0016667 (oxidoreductase activity, acting on a sulfur group of donors)
2008-05-13 GO:0015036 disulfide oxidoreductase activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0016491 (oxidoreductase activity)
2008-05-13 GO:0012505 endomembrane system Added RELATION is a GO:0044464 (cell part)
2008-05-13 GO:0012505 endomembrane system Deleted RELATION is a GO:0016020 (membrane)
2008-05-13 GO:0012506 vesicle membrane Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044425 (membrane part)
2008-05-13 GO:0009306 protein secretion Added RELATION is a GO:0015031 (protein transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0008326 site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity Deleted RELATION is a GO:0003886 (DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity)
2008-05-13 GO:0008053 mitochondrial fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0006944 (cellular membrane fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0007269 neurotransmitter secretion Added RELATION is a GO:0006836 (neurotransmitter transport)
2008-05-13 GO:0006906 vesicle fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0048284 (organelle fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0002084 protein depalmitoylation Added RELATION is a GO:0006464 (cellular protein modification process)
2008-05-13 GO:0000046 autophagic vacuole fusion Added RELATION is a GO:0006944 (cellular membrane fusion)
2008-05-13 GO:0000139 Golgi membrane Deleted RELATION is a GO:0044425 (membrane part)

Cross-references

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 GO:0051903 S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione dehydrogenase activity Added XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0709
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added XREF IMG:02616
2008-05-13 GO:0043899 phosphoserine:homoserine phosphotransferase activity Added XREF EC:2.7.1
2008-05-13 GO:0018710 acetone carboxylase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0386
2008-05-13 GO:0018755 2-chloro-4-hydroxy-6-amino-1,3,5-triazine aminohydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0099
2008-05-13 GO:0018756 ammeline aminohydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0096
2008-05-13 GO:0018777 1,3,4,6-tetrachloro-1,4-cyclohexadiene halidohydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0361
2008-05-13 GO:0018783 deisopropyldeethylatrazine hydrolase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0095
2008-05-13 GO:0018812 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0183
2008-05-13 GO:0018478 malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (acetylating) activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0027
2008-05-13 GO:0018538 epoxide carboxylase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0040
2008-05-13 GO:0018591 methyl tertiary butyl ether 3-monooxygenase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0405
2008-05-13 GO:0018594 tert-butanol 2-monooxygenase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0406
2008-05-13 GO:0018671 4-hydroxybenzoate 3-monooxygenase [NAD(P)H] activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0193
2008-05-13 GO:0018459 carveol dehydrogenase activity Added XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0446
2008-05-13 GO:0018459 carveol dehydrogenase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e04
2008-05-13 GO:0015035 protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity Added XREF MetaCyc:DISULFOXRED-RXN
2008-05-13 GO:0008959 phosphate acetyltransferase activity Deleted XREF UM-BBD_enzymeID:e0029
2008-05-13 GO:0008326 site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity Deleted XREF MetaCyc:2.1.1.73-RXN
2008-05-13 GO:0008326 site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity Deleted XREF EC:2.1.1.-
2008-05-13 GO:0003886 DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity Added XREF MetaCyc:2.1.1.73-RXN

Other

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2008-05-13 GO:0003886 DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase activity Added SECONDARY GO:0008326 (site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific) activity)
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