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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2007-12-27

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-12-27 GO:0060183 apelin receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an apelin receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-12-27 GO:0043297 apical junction assembly Updated DEFINITION The formation of an apical junction, a functional unit located near the cell apex at the points of contact between epithelial cells composed of the tight junction, the zonula adherens junction and the desmosomes, by the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of its constituents.
2007-12-27 GO:0034018 ascopyrone tautomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose = 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-1-en-3-ulose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033853 aspartate-prephenate aminotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-arogenate + oxaloacetate = prephenate + L-aspartate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034038 deoxyhypusine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + spermidine = [eIF5A-precursor]-deoxyhypusine + propane-1,3-diamine. Four sub-reactions have been identified,in which the intermediates remain tightly associated with the enzyme: spermidine + NAD+ = dehydrospermidine + NADH; dehydrospermidine + [enzyme]-lysine = N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[enzyme]-lysine + propane-1,3-diamine; N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[enzyme]-lysine + [eIF5A-precursor]-lysine = N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + [enzyme]-lysine; N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + NADH + H+ = [eIF5A-precursor]-deoxyhypusine + NAD+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033959 deoxyribodipyrimidine endonucleosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cleaves the N-glycosidic bond between the 5'-pyrimidine residue in cyclobutadipyrimidine (in DNA) and the corresponding deoxy-D-ribose residue.
2007-12-27 GO:0033892 deoxyribonuclease (pyrimidine dimer) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage near pyrimidine dimers to products with 5'-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033924 dextran 1,6-alpha-isomaltotriosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in dextrans, to remove successive isomaltotriose units from the non-reducing ends of the chains.
2007-12-27 GO:0033904 dextranase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in dextran.
2007-12-27 GO:0033816 diaminobutyrate acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + L-2,4-diaminobutanoate = CoA + N4-acetyl-L-2,4-diaminobutanoate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033983 diaminobutyrate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-2,4-diaminobutanoate = propane-1,3-diamine + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033857 diphosphoinositol-pentakisphosphate kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 5-diphospho-1D-myo-inositol pentakisphosphate = ADP + bis(diphospho)-1D-myo-inositol tetrakisphosphate (isomeric configuration unknown).
2007-12-27 GO:0033820 DNA alpha-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers an alpha-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033821 DNA beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers a beta-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033958 DNA-deoxyinosine glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolyses DNA and polynucleotides, releasing free hypoxanthine.
2007-12-27 GO:0042714 dosage compensation complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the complex that mediates dosage compensation on one or more X chromosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0016457 dosage compensation complex assembly involved in dosage compensation by hyperactivation of X chromosome Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the complex that mediates dosage compensation on the X chromosome of the heterogametic sex, ultimately resulting in a two-fold increase in transcription from this chromosome.
2007-12-27 GO:0042715 dosage compensation complex assembly involved in dosage compensation by hypoactivation of X chromosome Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the complex that mediates dosage compensation on both X chromosomes in the monogametic sex, ultimately resulting in a two-fold reduction in transcription from these chromosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0042139 early meiotic recombination nodule assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form small, electron dense structures in association with meiotic chromosomes during leptotene and zygotene.
2007-12-27 GO:0033990 ectoine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N4-acetyl-L-2,4-diaminobutanoate = L-ectoine + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033588 Elongator holoenzyme complex Updated DEFINITION A heterohexameric protein complex that is involved in tRNA modification, and exerts indirect effects on transcriptional elongation and exocytosis. The complex can associate physically with hyperphosphorylated RNA polymerase II; it contains two discrete heterotrimeric subcomplexes.
2007-12-27 GO:0033931 endogalactosaminidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosaminidic linkages in poly(D-galactosamine).
2007-12-27 GO:0001935 endothelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of endothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Endothelial cells are thin flattened cells which line the inside surfaces of body cavities, blood vessels, and lymph vessels, making up the endothelium.
2007-12-27 GO:0016631 enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(P)+ = trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(P)H + H+.
2007-12-27 GO:0055113 epiboly involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The expansion of one cell sheet over other cells involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0010481 epidermal cell division Added DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of an epidermal cell, any of the cells making up the epidermis, into daughter cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0050673 epithelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of epithelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Epithelial cells make up the epithelium, the covering of internal and external surfaces of the body, including the lining of vessels and other small cavities. It consists of cells joined by small amounts of cementing substances.
2007-12-27 GO:0034117 erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION The adhesion of one erythrocyte to one or more other erythrocytes via adhesion molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0034102 erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION The selective elimination of erythrocytes from the body by autoregulatory mechanisms.
2007-12-27 GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis Added DEFINITION The processes of regulating the production and elimination of erythrocytes within an organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0034056 estrogen response element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the sterol response element (SRE), a nonpalindromic sequence found in the promoters of genes involved in lipid metabolism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033917 exo-poly-alpha-galacturonosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of pectic acid from the non-reducing end, releasing digalacturonate.
2007-12-27 GO:0001927 exocyst assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of various polypeptides into the exocyst complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0034044 exomer complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that forms a coat structure on vesicles involved in exocytosis of proteins from the trans-Golgi network to the cell surface; in Saccharomyces, the complex contains Chs5p, Chs6p, and Chs6p paralogues.
2007-12-27 GO:0034012 FAD-AMP lyase (cyclizing) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: FAD = AMP + riboflavin cyclic-4',5'-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034002 (R)-limonene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate = (+)-(4R)-limonene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033932 1,3-alpha-L-fucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,3-linkages between alpha-L-fucose and N-acetylglucosamine residues in glycoproteins.
2007-12-27 GO:0033992 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose = 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033938 1,6-alpha-L-fucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,6-linkages between alpha-L-fucose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine in glycopeptides such as immunoglobulin G glycopeptide and fucosyl-asialo-agalacto-fetuin.
2007-12-27 GO:0008665 2'-phosphotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group from one compound to the 2' position of another.
2007-12-27 GO:0033912 2,6-beta-fructan 6-levanbiohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 2,6-beta-D-fructofuranan, to remove successive disaccharide residues as levanbiose, i.e. 6-(beta-D-fructofuranosyl)-D-fructose, from the end of the chain.
2007-12-27 GO:0033976 2-haloacid dehalogenase (configuration-inverting) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: (S)-2-haloacid + H2O = (R)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.(R)-2-haloacid + H2O = (S)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.
2007-12-27 GO:0033977 2-haloacid dehalogenase (configuration-retaining) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: (S)-2-haloacid + H2O = (S)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.(R)-2-haloacid + H2O = (R)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.
2007-12-27 GO:0033987 2-hydroxyisoflavanone dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2,7,4'-trihydroxyisoflavanone = daidzein + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0034029 2-oxoglutarate carboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 2-oxoglutarate + HCO3- = ADP + phosphate + oxalosuccinate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010492 maintenance of shoot apical meristem identity Added DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of the shoot apical meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2007-12-27 GO:0033598 mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of mammary gland epithelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Mammary gland epithelial cells make up the covering of surfaces of the mammary gland. The mammary gland is a large compound sebaceous gland that in female mammals is modified to secrete milk.
2007-12-27 GO:0034039 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine DNA N-glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the removal of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine bases by cleaving the N-C1' glycosidic bond between the oxidized purine and the deoxyribose sugar.
2007-12-27 GO:0033879 acetylajmaline esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 17-O-acetylajmaline + H2O = ajmaline + acetate and 17-O-acetylnorajmaline + H2O = norajmaline + acetate.
2007-12-27 GO:0018818 acetylene hydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetaldehyde = acetylene + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033985 acidocalcisome lumen Added DEFINITION The volume enclosed by the membranes of an acidocalcisome.
2007-12-27 GO:0050798 activated T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a T cell population following activation by an antigenic stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0033965 aculeacin-A deacylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the amide bond in aculeacin A and related neutral lipopeptide antibiotics, releasing the long-chain fatty acid side-chain.
2007-12-27 GO:0009943 adaxial/abaxial axis specification Updated DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of the adaxial / abaxial axis. Adaxial refers to being situated toward an axis of an anatomical structure. Abaxial refers to being situated away from an axis of an anatomical structure.
2007-12-27 GO:0009955 adaxial/abaxial pattern specification Updated DEFINITION The regionalization process by which differences in cell differentiation along the adaxial/abaxial are generated. Adaxial refers to being situated toward an axis of an anatomical structure. Abaxial refers to being situated away from an axis of an anatomical structure.
2007-12-27 GO:0034022 3-(hydroxyamino)phenol mutase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-hydroxyaminophenol = aminohydroquinone.
2007-12-27 GO:0033982 3-dehydro-L-gulonate-6-phosphate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-dehydro-L-gulonate 6-phosphate + H+ = L-xylulose 5-phosphate + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033937 3-deoxy-2-octulosonidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of the beta-ketopyranosidic linkages of 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonate in capsular polysaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033812 3-oxoadipyl-CoA thiolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoadipyl-CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033989 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA hydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (24R,25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA = (24E)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033942 4-alpha-D-{(1->4)-alpha-D-glucano}trehalose trehalohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of alpha-(1->4)-D-glucosidic linkage in 4-alpha-D-{(1->4)-alpha-D-glucanosyl}n trehalose to yield trehalose and alpha-(1->4)-D-glucan.
2007-12-27 GO:0008701 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxy-2-oxopentanoate = pyruvate + acetaldehyde.
2007-12-27 GO:0034023 5-(carboxyamino)imidazole ribonucleotide mutase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034028 5-(carboxyamino)imidazole ribonucleotide synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + HCO3- = ADP + phosphate + 5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole.
2007-12-27 GO:0010486 manganese:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: Mn2+(in) + H+(out) = Mn2+(out) + H+(in).
2007-12-27 GO:0033915 mannan 1,2-(1,3)-alpha-mannosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,2- and 1,3-linkages in yeast mannan, releasing mannose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033928 mannan 1,4-mannobiosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-mannosidic linkages in 1,4-beta-D-mannans, to remove successive mannobiose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033941 mannan exo-1,2-1,6-alpha-mannosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,2-alpha-D- and 1,6-alpha-D- linkages in yeast mannan, releasing D-mannose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033925 mannosyl-glycoprotein endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of the N,N'-diacetylchitobiosyl unit in high-mannose glycopeptides and glycoproteins containing the -[Man(GlcNAc)2]Asn-structure. One N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residue remains attached to the protein; the rest of the oligosaccharide is released intact.
2007-12-27 GO:0033947 mannosylglycoprotein endo-beta-mannosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->6)-beta-D-mannosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl-(1->4)-beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl sequence of glycoprotein to alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->6)-D-mannose and beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl-(1->4)-beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl sequences.
2007-12-27 GO:0042256 mature ribosome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the large and small ribosomal subunits into a functional ribosome.
2007-12-27 GO:0022020 medial ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of medial ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0000707 meiotic DNA recombinase assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form higher order oligomers on single-stranded DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0007146 meiotic recombination nodule assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form small, electron dense structures in association with meiotic chromosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0002397 MHC class I protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC class I protein complex. Class I here refers to classical class I molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0002398 MHC class Ib protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC class Ib protein complex. Class Ib here refers to non-classical class I molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0002399 MHC class II protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC class II protein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0002396 MHC protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC protein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0010480 microsporocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process aimed at the progression of a microsporocyte cell over time, from initial commitment of the cell to a specific fate, to the fully functional differentiated cell. A microsporocyte is a diploid (2n) cell that undergoes meiosis and forms four haploid (1n) microspores; also called microspore mother cell and, in seed plants, pollen mother cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0033955 mitochondrial DNA inheritance Added DEFINITION The process by which copies of the mitochondrial genome are segregated or distributed into daughter mitochondria upon mitochondrial fission.
2007-12-27 GO:0000002 mitochondrial genome maintenance Updated DEFINITION The maintenance of the structure and integrity of the mitochondrial genome; includes replication and segregation of the mitochondrial chromosome.
2007-12-27 GO:0033615 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0033108 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a mitochondrial respiratory chain complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0032981 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I.
2007-12-27 GO:0033617 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase) in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0034053 modulation by symbiont of host defense-related programmed cell death Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of defense-related programmed cell death in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-12-27 GO:0032943 mononuclear cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a mononuclear cell population by cell division. A mononuclear cell is a leukocyte with a single non-segmented nucleus in the mature form.
2007-12-27 GO:0033954 alpha-neoagaro-oligosaccharide hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 1,3-alpha-L-galactosidic linkages of neoagaro-oligosaccharides that are smaller than a hexamer, yielding 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose and D-galactose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033824 alternansucrase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers alternately an alpha-D-glucosyl residue from sucrose to the 6-position and the 3-position of the non-reducing terminal residue of an alpha-D-glucan, thus producing a glucan having alternating alpha-1,6- and alpha-1,3-linkages.
2007-12-27 GO:0034006 amorpha-4,11-diene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate = amorpha-4,11-diene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0002117 amphibian larval development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the amphibian larva over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Amphibian larvae, sometimes called pollywogs or tadpoles, hatch from eggs and begin to grow limbs and other adult physical features at various times, depending on the species, before they metamorphose into the adult form.
2007-12-27 GO:0055048 anastral spindle assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle, the array of microtubules and associated molecules that serves to move duplicated chromosomes apart, in the absence of centrosomes. Formation is initiated by the nucleation of microtubules (MTs) in the vicinity of condensed chromatin. MTs then attach to and congress around the chromatin due to activity of microtubule motors. A bipolar spindle is formed by focusing of the terminal ends of the MT array into spindle poles by molecular motors and cross-linking proteins.
2007-12-27 GO:0033903 endo-1,3(4)-beta-glucanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,3- or 1,4-linkages in beta-D-glucans when the glucose residue whose reducing group is involved in the linkage to be hydrolysed is itself substituted at C-3.
2007-12-27 GO:0009971 anastral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the anastral spindle in male meiotic cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0033995 anhydrosialidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Elimination of alpha-sialyl groups in N-acetylneuraminic acid glycosides, releasing 2,7-anhydro-alpha-N-acetylneuraminate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033837 anthocyanin 3'-O-beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + an anthocyanin = UDP + an anthocyanin 3'-O-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033810 anthocyanin 5-O-glucoside 6'''-O-malonyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malonyl-CoA + pelargonidin 3-O-(6-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucoside) 5-O-beta-D-glucoside = CoA + 4'''-demalonylsalvianin.
2007-12-27 GO:0033809 anthocyanin 6''-O-malonyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malonyl-CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside = CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-(6-O-malonyl-beta-D-glucoside).
2007-12-27 GO:0060182 apelin receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with the peptide apelin to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-12-27 GO:0033953 alpha-agarase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,3-alpha-L-galactosidic linkages in agarose, yielding agarotetraose as the major product.
2007-12-27 GO:0046633 alpha-beta T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an alpha-beta T cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0002310 alpha-beta T cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an alpha-beta T cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0046651 lymphocyte proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a lymphocyte population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0065003 macromolecular complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of macromolecules to form a complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0000248 C-5 sterol desaturase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5,7,24(28)-ergostatrienol + O2 + NADPH = 5,7,22,24(28)-ergostatetraenol + 2 H2O + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0034019 capsanthin/capsorubin synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: violaxanthin = capsorubin.antheraxanthin = capsanthin.
2007-12-27 GO:0050659 N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + dermatan = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + dermatan 6'-sulfate.3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + chondroitin = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + chondroitin 6'-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033970 N-malonylurea hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-oxo-3-ureidopropanoate + H2O = malonate + urea.
2007-12-27 GO:0033960 N-methyl nucleosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7-methylxanthosine + H2O = 7-methylxanthine + D-ribose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033966 N-substituted formamide deformylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-benzylformamide + H2O = formate + benzylamine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033889 N-sulfoglucosamine-3-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 3-sulfate groups of the N-sulfo-D-glucosamine 3-O-sulfate units of heparin.
2007-12-27 GO:0033848 N2-(2-carboxyethyl)arginine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + L-arginine = N2-(2-carboxyethyl)-L-arginine + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010275 NAD(P)H dehydrogenase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form NAD(P)H dehydrogenase complex, which is involved in electron transport from an unidentified electron donor, possibly NAD(P)H or ferredoxin(Fd) to the plastoquinone pool.
2007-12-27 GO:0030964 NADH dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION An integral membrane complex that possesses NADH oxidoreductase activity. The complex is one of the components of the electron transport chain. It catalyses the transfer of a pair of electrons from NADH to a quinone.
2007-12-27 GO:0010258 NADH dehydrogenase complex (plastoquinone) assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form NADH:plastoquinone dehydrogenase complex, which is involved in the non-photochemical reduction of plastoquinones, as well as the cyclic electron transport around photosystem I.
2007-12-27 GO:0010257 NADH dehydrogenase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an NADH dehydrogenase complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0001787 natural killer cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a natural killer cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0034048 negative regulation of protein phosphatase type 2A activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2A.
2007-12-27 GO:0046003 negative regulation of syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034104 negative regulation of tissue remodeling Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of tissue remodeling.
2007-12-27 GO:0002119 nematode larval development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the nematode larva over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Nematode larval development begins with the newly hatched first-stage larva (L1) and ends with the end of the last larval stage (fr example the fourth larval stage (L4) in C. elegans). Each stage of nematode larval development is characterized by proliferation of specific cell lineages and an increase in body size without alteration of the basic body plan. Nematode larval stages are separated by molts in which each stage-specific exoskeleton, or cuticle, is shed and replaced anew.
2007-12-27 GO:0034020 neoxanthin synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: violaxanthin = neoxanthin.
2007-12-27 GO:0007405 neuroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a neuroblast population by cell division. Neuroblasts are embryonic cells that develop into nerve cells or neurons.
2007-12-27 GO:0033855 nicotianamine aminotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nicotianamine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3''-deamino-3''-oxonicotianamine + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0051292 nuclear pore complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a nuclear pore complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0033866 nucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033869 nucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033865 nucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033974 nucleoside phosphoacylhydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolyses mixed phospho-anhydride bonds.
2007-12-27 GO:0033829 O-fucosylpeptide 3-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: transfers a beta-D-GlcNAc residue from UDP-D-GlcNAc to the fucose residue of a fucosylated protein acceptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0055049 astral spindle assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle, the array of microtubules and associated molecules that serves to move duplicated chromosomes apart, in the presence of centrosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0055050 astral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the astral spindle in male meiotic cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0002093 auditory receptor cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that alters the size or shape of an auditory receptor cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0042100 B cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a B cell population by cell division. Follows B cell activation.
2007-12-27 GO:0002322 B cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a B cell population by cell division following B cell activation during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0002359 B-1 B cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a B-1 B cell by cell division. Follows B cell activation.
2007-12-27 GO:0033898 Bacillus subtilis ribonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage to 2',3'-cyclic nucleotides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033774 basal labyrinth Added DEFINITION A region in the lower half of some cells formed from extensive infoldings of the basal plasma membrane; includes cytoplasm adjacent to the infolded membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0033916 beta-agarase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-galactosidic linkages in agarose, giving the tetramer as the predominant product.
2007-12-27 GO:0033956 beta-apiosyl-beta-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7-[beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy]isoflavonoid + H2O = a 7-hydroxyisoflavonoid + beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1->6)-D-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033907 beta-D-fucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-fucose residues in beta-D-fucosides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033944 beta-galactofuranosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactofuranosides, releasing galactose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033817 beta-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein synthase II activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (Z)-hexadec-11-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein + malonyl-acyl-carrier-protein = (Z)-3-oxooctadec-13-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein + CO2 + acyl-carrier-protein.
2007-12-27 GO:0033818 beta-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein synthase III activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + malonyl-acyl-carrier-protein = acetoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein + CoA + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033908 beta-L-rhamnosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-L-rhamnose residues in beta-L-rhamnosides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033988 bile-acid 7alpha-dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7alpha,12alpha-dihydroxy-3-oxochol-4-enoate = 12alpha-hydroxy-3-oxochola-4,6-dienoate + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033881 bile-acid-CoA hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxycholoyl-CoA + H2O = CoA + deoxycholate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033815 biphenyl synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3 malonyl-CoA + benzoyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 3,5-dihydroxybiphenyl + 4 CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0002043 blood vessel endothelial cell proliferation involved in sprouting angiogenesis Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of blood vessel endothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population during sprouting angiogenesis.
2007-12-27 GO:0033929 blood-group-substance endo-1,4-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-galactosidic linkages in blood group A and B substances.
2007-12-27 GO:0007589 body fluid secretion Updated DEFINITION The regulated release of a fluid by a cell or group of cells in a multicellular organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033867 Fas-activated serine/threonine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + Fas-activated serine/threonine protein = ADP + Fas-activated serine/threonine phosphoprotein.
2007-12-27 GO:0048144 fibroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of fibroblast cells, resulting in the expansion of the fibroblast population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033835 flavanone 7-O-glucoside 2''-O-beta-L-rhamnosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-L-rhamnose + a flavanone 7-O-glucoside = UDP + a flavanone 7-O-[beta-L-rhamnosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside].
2007-12-27 GO:0033836 flavonol 7-O-beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + a flavonol = UDP + a flavonol 7-O-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0034042 5-formyluracil DNA N-glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the removal of 5-formyluracil bases by cleaving the N-C1' glycosidic bond between the oxidized pyrimidine and the deoxyribose sugar.
2007-12-27 GO:0034043 5-hydroxymethyluracil DNA N-glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the removal of 5-hydroxymethyluracil bases by cleaving the N-C1' glycosidic bond between the oxidized pyrimidine and the deoxyribose sugar.
2007-12-27 GO:0033808 6'-deoxychalcone synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3 malonyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA + NADPH + H+ = 4 CoA + isoliquiritigenin + 3 CO2 + NADP+ + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033920 6-phospho-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a 6-phospho-beta-D-galactoside + H2O = 6-phospho-D-galactose + an alcohol.
2007-12-27 GO:0033841 6G-fructosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]m+1 alpha-D-glucopyranoside + [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]n+1 alpha-D-glucopyranoside = [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]m alpha-D-glucopyranoside + [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]n+1 beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->6)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside (m > 0; n >= 0).
2007-12-27 GO:0034027 (carboxyethyl)arginine beta-lactam-synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-N2-(2-carboxyethyl)arginine = AMP + diphosphate + deoxyamidinoproclavaminate.
2007-12-27 GO:0018824 (hydroxyamino)benzene mutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (hydroxyamino)benzene = 2-aminophenol.
2007-12-27 GO:0033975 (R)-2-haloacid dehalogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (R)-2-haloacid + H2O = (S)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.
2007-12-27 GO:0000902 cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the size or shape of a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0060187 cell pole Added DEFINITION Either of two different areas at opposite ends of an axis of a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0008283 cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0021534 cell proliferation in hindbrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the hindbrain.
2007-12-27 GO:0033278 cell proliferation in midbrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the midbrain.
2007-12-27 GO:0021924 cell proliferation in external granule layer Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of neuroblasts resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the external granule layer of the hindbrain. The external granule layer is the layer that originates from the rostral half of the rhombic lip in the first rhombomere.
2007-12-27 GO:0021923 cell proliferation in hindbrain ventricular zone Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the hindbrain region that is adjacent to the ventricular cavity.
2007-12-27 GO:0021992 cell proliferation involved in neural plate elongation Updated DEFINITION The process of expansion of cell numbers in the neural plate due to cell division of progenitor cells preferentially in the rostrocaudal direction, resulting in the elongation of the tissue.
2007-12-27 GO:0006884 cell volume homeostasis Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the equilibrium of a cell's volume. The cell's volume refers to the three-dimensional space occupied by a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0033886 cellulose-polysulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 2- and 3-sulfate groups of the polysulfates of cellulose and charonin.
2007-12-27 GO:0002324 natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a natural killer cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0033840 NDP-glucose-starch glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NDP-glucose + (1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl)n = NDP + (1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl)n+1.
2007-12-27 GO:0034054 negative regulation by symbiont of host defense-related programmed cell death Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of defense-related programmed cell death in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-12-27 GO:0045786 negative regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034119 negative regulation of erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte aggregation.
2007-12-27 GO:0034107 negative regulation of erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte clearance.
2007-12-27 GO:0034115 negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0034111 negative regulation of homotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of homotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0051447 negative regulation of meiotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the meiotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0045839 negative regulation of mitosis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of mitosis. Mitosis is the division of the eukaryotic cell nucleus to produce two daughter nuclei that, usually, contain the identical chromosome complement to their mother.
2007-12-27 GO:0045930 negative regulation of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0045976 negative regulation of mitotic cell cycle, embryonic Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the embryonic mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033861 negative regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of the enzyme NAD(P)H oxidase.
2007-12-27 GO:0034051 negative regulation of plant-type hypersensitive response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the hypersensitive response in a plant.
2007-12-27 GO:0046001 negative regulation of preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033934 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltotriohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in amylaceous polysaccharides, to remove successive maltotriose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033923 glucan 1,6-alpha-isomaltosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides, to remove successive isomaltose units from the non-reducing ends of the chains.
2007-12-27 GO:0033913 glucan endo-1,2-beta-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,2-glucosidic linkages in 1,2-beta-D-glucans.
2007-12-27 GO:0010474 glucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (GDP) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP + D-glucose 1-phosphate = phosphate + GDP-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033822 glucosyl-DNA beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers a beta-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to a glucosylhydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033858 N-acetylgalactosamine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + N-acetyl-D-galactosamine = ADP + N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine 1-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0048197 Golgi membrane coat protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of priming complexes to form a coat on a Golgi membrane. Priming complexes associate laterally and additional coat proteins are recruited from the cytosol to the forming coat. Cargo proteins diffuse into the budding site and become trapped by their interactions with the coat.
2007-12-27 GO:0048195 Golgi membrane priming complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a membrane priming complex. An incoming coat component recognizes both GTPase and a membrane protein to form the priming complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0055107 Golgi to secretory granule transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of proteins from the Golgi to a secretory granule. The secretory granule is a membrane-bound particle, usually protein, formed in the granular endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0006894 Golgi to secretory vesicle transport Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The directed movement of proteins from the Golgi to one of two types of secretory vesicle. Continuously secreted proteins are sorted into transport vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing their contents by exocytosis. Specialized secretory cells have a second secretory pathway in which soluble proteins and other substances are initially stored in secretory vesicles for later release.
2007-12-27 GO:0055108 Golgi to transport vesicle transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of proteins from the Golgi to a transport vesicle. Continuously secreted proteins are sorted into transport vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing their contents by exocytosis.
2007-12-27 GO:0033868 Goodpasture-antigen-binding protein kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + Goodpasture antigen-binding protein = ADP + Goodpasture antigen-binding phosphoprotein.
2007-12-27 GO:0033921 capsular-polysaccharide endo-1,3-alpha-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,3-alpha-D-galactosidic linkages in Aerobacter aerogenes capsular polysaccharide.
2007-12-27 GO:0060038 cardiac muscle cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a cardiac muscle cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0033828 glucosylglycerol-phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ADP-glucose + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = 2-(beta-D-glucosyl)-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + ADP.
2007-12-27 GO:0033994 glucuronan lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Eliminative cleavage of (1->4)-beta-D-glucuronans to give oligosaccharides with 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends. Complete degradation of glucuronans results in the formation of tetrasaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033940 glucuronoarabinoxylan endo-1,4-beta-xylanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosyl links in some glucuronoarabinoxylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033854 glutamate-prephenate aminotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-arogenate + 2-oxoglutarate = prephenate + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034024 glutamate-putrescine ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-glutamate + putrescine = ADP + phosphate + gamma-L-glutamylputrescine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033968 glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic-acid acylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (7R)-7-(4-carboxybutanamido)cephalosporanate + H2O = (7R)-7-aminocephalosporanate + glutarate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033804 glycine/sarcosine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + glycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + sarcosine.S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sarcosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N,N-dimethylglycine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033876 glycochenodeoxycholate sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + glycochenodeoxycholate = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + glycochenodeoxycholate 7-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033164 glycolipid 6-alpha-mannosyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: transfers an alpha-D-mannosyl residue from GDP-mannose into lipid-linked oligosaccharide, forming an alpha-1,6-D-mannosyl-D-mannose linkage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033926 glycopeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminidic residues from a variety of glycopeptides and glycoproteins.
2007-12-27 GO:0033964 glycosphingolipid deacylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of gangliosides and neutral glycosphingolipids, releasing fatty acids to form the lyso-derivatives.
2007-12-27 GO:0010484 H3 histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a histone, specific for histones H3.
2007-12-27 GO:0010485 H4 histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a histone, specific for histones H4.
2007-12-27 GO:0050891 multicellular organismal water homeostasis Updated DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a tissue, organ, or a multicellular organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033002 muscle cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a muscle cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0033911 mycodextranase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in alpha-D-glucans containing both 1,3- and 1,4-bonds.
2007-12-27 GO:0014844 myoblast proliferation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of myoblast cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. This occurs as part of skeletal muscle regeneration. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2007-12-27 GO:0051450 myoblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of myoblasts, resulting in the expansion of a myoblast cell population. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2007-12-27 GO:0031034 myosin filament assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a filament composed of myosin molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033799 myricetin 3'-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + myricetin = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + syringetin.
2007-12-27 GO:0033842 N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl-glycoprotein 4-beta-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl group = UDP + N-acetyl-beta-D-galactosaminyl-(1->4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl group.
2007-12-27 GO:0033846 adenosyl-fluoride synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + fluoride = 5'-deoxy-5'-fluoroadenosine + L-methionine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033991 aldos-2-ulose dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose = 2-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2H-pyran-3(6H)-one + H2O (overall reaction).(1a) 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose = 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose + H2O.(1b) 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose = 2-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2H-pyran-3(6H)-one.
2007-12-27 GO:0034013 aliphatic aldoxime dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: an aliphatic aldoxime = an aliphatic nitrile + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033832 alpha,alpha-trehalose phosphorylase (configuration-retaining) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha,alpha-trehalose + phosphate = alpha-D-glucose + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033845 hydroxymethylfurfural reductase (NADPH) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural + NADPH + H+ = 2,5-bis-hydroxymethylfuran + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033790 hydroxymethylfurfural reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural + NAD(P)H + H+ = 2,5-bis-hydroxymethylfuran + NAD(P)+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033838 flavonol-3-O-glucoside glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033839 flavonol-3-O-glycoside glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033811 flavonol-3-O-triglucoside O-coumaroyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-coumaroyl-CoA + a flavonol 3-O-[beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside] = CoA + a flavonol 3-O-[6-(4-coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside].
2007-12-27 GO:0048438 floral whorl development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a floral whorl over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A floral whorl is a circular arrangement of parts of a flower arising from a stem of a plant.
2007-12-27 GO:0033806 fluorothreonine transaldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-threonine + fluoroacetaldehyde = acetaldehyde + 4-fluoro-L-threonine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033948 fructan beta-(2,1)-fructosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing 2,1-linked beta-D-fructofuranose residues in fructans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033949 fructan beta-(2,6)-fructosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing 2,6-linked beta-D-fructofuranose residues in fructans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033909 fucoidanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,2-alpha-L-fucoside linkages in fucoidan without release of sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033859 furaldehyde metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving furaldehyde, a furan ring-containing aldehyde compound which can be formed from the thermal decomposition of biomass.
2007-12-27 GO:0033943 galactan 1,3-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in (1->3)-beta-D-galactopyranans.
2007-12-27 GO:0010475 galactose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (GDP) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP + L-galactose 1-phosphate = phosphate + GDP-galactose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033844 galactose-6-sulfurylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Eliminates sulfate from the D-galactose 6-sulfate residues of porphyran, producing 3,6-anhydrogalactose residues.
2007-12-27 GO:0046630 gamma-delta T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a gamma-delta T cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0002311 gamma-delta T cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an gamma-delta T cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0033969 gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyrate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-(glutamylamino)butanoate + H2O = 4-aminobutanoate + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010472 GDP-galactose:glucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP-galactose-1-phosphate + glucose-1-phosphate = galactose-1-phosphate + GDP-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0010471 GDP-galactose:mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP-galactose-1-phosphate + mannose-1-phosphate = galactose-1-phosphate + GDP-mannose.
2007-12-27 GO:0010473 GDP-galactose:myoinositol-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP-galactose-1-phosphate + myoinositol-1-phosphate = galactose-1-phosphate + GDP-myoinositol.
2007-12-27 GO:0034004 germacradienol synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate + H2O = (1E,4S,5E,7R)-germacra-1(10),5-dien-11-ol + diphosphate.2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate = (-)-(7S)-germacrene D + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034005 germacrene-A synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate = (+)-(R)-germacrene A + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010476 gibberellin mediated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of gibberellin stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0014009 glial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of glial cells by cell division, resulting in the expansion of their population. Glial cells exist throughout the nervous system, and include Schwann cells, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes among others.
2007-12-27 GO:0033919 glucan 1,3-alpha-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal 1,3-alpha-D-glucosidic links in 1,3-alpha-D-glucans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033927 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltohexaosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in amylaceous polysaccharides, to remove successive maltohexaose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033910 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltotetraohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in amylaceous polysaccharides, to remove successive maltotetraose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033807 icosanoyl-CoA synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: stearoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + 2 NAD(P)H + 2 H+ = icosanoyl-CoA + CO2 + 2 NAD(P)+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033079 immature T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an immature T cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0033080 immature T cell proliferation in thymus Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an immature T cell population by cell division in the thymus.
2007-12-27 GO:0033984 indole-3-glycerol-phosphate lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (1S,2R)-1-C-(indol-3-yl)glycerol 3-phosphate = indole + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0055111 ingression involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The migration of individual cells into the embryo involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0000822 inositol hexakisphosphate binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with inositol hexakisphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0035299 inositol pentakisphosphate 2-kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0035300 inositol-1,3,4-trisphosphate 5/6-kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate and ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0007043 cell-cell junction assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a junction between cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0010496 intercellular transport Added DEFINITION The movement of substances between cells in a multicellular organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033997 inulin fructotransferase (DFA-I-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Produces alpha-D-fructofuranose beta-D-fructofuranose 1,2':2,1'-dianhydride (DFA I) by successively eliminating the diminishing (2->1)-beta-D-fructan (inulin) chain from the terminal D-fructosyl-D-fructosyl disaccharide..
2007-12-27 GO:0033998 inulin fructotransferase (DFA-III-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Produces alpha-D-fructofuranose beta-D-fructofuranose 1,2':2,3'-dianhydride (DFA III) by successively eliminating the diminishing (2->1)-beta-D-fructan (inulin) chain from the terminal D-fructosyl-D-fructosyl disaccharide..
2007-12-27 GO:0055109 invagination involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The infolding of the epithelial sheet into the embryo involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0055110 involution involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The inturning of an epithelial sheet over the basal surface of an outer layer involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0033952 iota-carrageenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages between D-galactose 4-sulfate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose-2-sulfate in iota-carrageenans.
2007-12-27 GO:0043623 cellular protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex, occurring at the level of an individual cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0009992 cellular water homeostasis Updated DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0051131 chaperone-mediated protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex, mediated by chaperone molecules that do not form part of the finished complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0033614 chloroplast proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the chloroplast thylakoid membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0010478 chlororespiration Added DEFINITION A respiratory electron flow (from NAD(P)H to plastoquinone (PQ) and O2) involving both a nonphotochemical reduction and re-oxidation of PQ pool.
2007-12-27 GO:0033963 cholesterol-5,6-oxide hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 5,6alpha-epoxy-5alpha-cholestan-3beta-ol + H2O = cholestane-3beta-5alpha,6beta-triol.5,6beta-epoxy-5beta-cholestan-3beta-ol + H2O = cholestane-3beta-5alpha,6beta-triol.
2007-12-27 GO:0000494 box C/D snoRNA 3'-end processing Added DEFINITION Any process involved in forming the mature 3' end of a box C/D snoRNA molecule.
2007-12-27 GO:0033967 box C/D snoRNA metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving box C/D type small nucleolar RNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0000492 box C/D snoRNP assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and a box C/D snoRNA to form a box C/D small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNP) complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0000495 box H/ACA snoRNA 3'-end processing Added DEFINITION Any process involved in forming the mature 3' end of a box H/ACA snoRNA molecule.
2007-12-27 GO:0033979 box H/ACA snoRNA metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving box H/ACA type small nucleolar RNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0000493 box H/ACA snoRNP assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and a box H/ACA snoRNA to form a box H/ACA small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNP) complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0033933 branched-dextran exo-1,2-alpha-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,2-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages at the branch points of dextrans and related polysaccharides, producing free D-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0000249 C-22 sterol desaturase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the formation of the C-22(23) double bond in the sterol side chain. An example reaction is 5,7,24(28)-ergostatrienol + O2 + NADPH = 5,7,22,24(28)-ergostatetraenol + 2 H2O + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0022021 caudal ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of caudal ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033891 CC-preferring endodeoxyribonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage to give 5'-phosphooligonucleotide end-products, with a preference for cleavage within the sequence CC.
2007-12-27 GO:0060184 cell cycle switching Added DEFINITION The process by which a cell switches cell cycle mode.
2007-12-27 GO:0010190 cytochrome b6f complex assembly Updated DEFINITION Formation of cytochrome b6f complex, a complex that transfers electrons from reduced plastoquinone to oxidized plastocyanin and translocates protons from the stroma to the lumen, by the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of its constituents.
2007-12-27 GO:0017062 respiratory chain complex III assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the cytochrome bc(1) complex, a transmembrane lipoprotein complex that it catalyzes the reduction of cytochrome c by accepting reducing equivalents from Coenzyme Q, by the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of its constituents.
2007-12-27 GO:0017004 cytochrome complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a cytochrome.
2007-12-27 GO:0033962 cytoplasmic mRNA processing body assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and RNA molecules to form a cytoplasmic mRNA processing body.
2007-12-27 GO:0034025 D-aspartate ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + D-aspartate + [beta-GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n = [beta-GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-6-N-(beta-D-Asp)-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n + ADP + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033981 D-dopachrome decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-dopachrome = 5,6-dihydroxyindole + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033973 dCTP deaminase (dUMP-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: dCTP + 2 H2O = dUMP + diphosphate + NH3.
2007-12-27 GO:0033813 deacetylcephalosporin-C acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + deacetylcephalosporin C = CoA + cephalosporin C.
2007-12-27 GO:0055112 delamination involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The splitting or migration of one epithelial sheet into two involved in the process of deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0017084 delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate + ATP + NADPH = ADP + L-glutamate gamma-semialdehyde + NADP+ + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0000730 DNA recombinase assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) into higher order oligomers on single-stranded DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0022019 dorsal lateral ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of dorsal lateral ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033800 isoflavone 7-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 7-hydroxyisoflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 7-methoxyisoflavone.
2007-12-27 GO:0016992 lipoate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: protein N6-(octanoyl)lysine + 2 sulfur + 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine = protein N6-(lipoyl)lysine + 2 L-methionine + 2 5'-deoxyadenosyl.
2007-12-27 GO:0033819 lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: octanoyl-acyl-carrier-protein + protein = protein N6-(octanoyl)lysine + acyl carrier protein.
2007-12-27 GO:0010495 long-distance posttranscriptional gene silencing Added DEFINITION Any process that leads to the transmission of post-transcriptional gene silencing from one tissue to another within an organism, or the transmission of post-transcriptional gene silencing between tissues of two organisms.
2007-12-27 GO:0033802 isoliquiritigenin 2'-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + isoliquiritigenin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2'-O-methylisoliquiritigenin.
2007-12-27 GO:0034009 isoprene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: dimethylallyl diphosphate = isoprene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033834 kaempferol 3-O-galactosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-galactose + kaempferol = UDP + kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-galactoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033803 kaempferol 4'-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + kaempferol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + kaempferide.
2007-12-27 GO:0033918 kappa-carrageenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages between D-galactose 4-sulfate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose in kappa-carrageenans..
2007-12-27 GO:0033930 keratan-sulfate endo-1,4-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-galactosidic linkages in keratan sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0043616 keratinocyte proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Keratinocytes are epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo a characteristic change as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin.
2007-12-27 GO:0051382 kinetochore assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the kinetochore, a multisubunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of DNA and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033831 kojibiose phosphorylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-alpha-D-glucosyl-D-glucose + phosphate = D-glucose + beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034026 L-amino-acid alpha-ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + an L-amino acid + an L-amino acid = ADP + phosphate + L-aminoacyl-L-amino acid.
2007-12-27 GO:0034011 L-cysteate sulfo-lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-cysteate + H2O = pyruvate + bisulfite + NH3.
2007-12-27 GO:0034015 L-ribulose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-ribulose 5-phosphate = L-xylulose 5-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033957 lambda-carrageenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of beta-1,4-linkages in the backbone of lambda-carrageenan, resulting in the tetrasaccharide alpha-D-Galp2,6S2-(1->3)-beta-D-Galp2S-(1->4)-alpha-D-Galp2,6S2-(1->3)-D-Galp2S.
2007-12-27 GO:0042140 late meiotic recombination nodule assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form small, electron dense structures in association with meiotic chromosomes during pachytene. Involved in the catalysis crossing over.
2007-12-27 GO:0022018 lateral ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of lateral ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033851 lavandulyl diphosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 dimethylallyl diphosphate = diphosphate + lavandulyl diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033996 levan fructotransferase (DFA-IV-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Produces di-beta-D-fructofuranose 2,6':2',6-dianhydride (DFA IV) by successively eliminating the diminishing (2->6)-beta-D-fructan (levan) chain from the terminal D-fructosyl-D-fructosyl disaccharide..
2007-12-27 GO:0010493 Lewis a epitope biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a K antigen, a capsular polysaccharide antigen carried on the surface of bacterial capsules that masks somatic (O) antigens.
2007-12-27 GO:0031174 lifelong otolith mineralization Updated DEFINITION The formation and growth of otoliths throughout the life of the organism. Otoliths are the large extracellular ear-stones of the fish inner ear, produced by precipitation of specific crystal forms of calcium carbonate on organic matrices. The otolith enlarges throughout the life of the fish, as layers of calcium carbonate are added.
2007-12-27 GO:0033885 10-hydroxy-9-(phosphonooxy)octadecanoate phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (9S,10S)-10-hydroxy-9-(phosphonooxy)octadecanoate + H2O = (9S,10S)-9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoate + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034040 lipid-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + lipid(in) = ADP + phosphate + lipid(out).
2007-12-27 GO:0007058 spindle assembly involved in female meiosis II Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle during meiosis II of a meiotic cell cycle in females. As in, but not restricted to, the multicellular animals (Metazoa, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33208).
2007-12-27 GO:0007053 spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle during a meiotic cell cycle in males. As in, but not restricted to, the multicellular animals (Metazoa, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33208).
2007-12-27 GO:0051255 spindle midzone assembly Updated DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle midzone. The spindle midzone is the area in the center of the spindle where the spindle microtubules from opposite poles overlap.
2007-12-27 GO:0000245 spliceosomal complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the spliceosome, a ribonucleoprotein apparatus that catalyzes nuclear mRNA splicing via transesterification reactions.
2007-12-27 GO:0010479 stele development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the stele over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The stele is the central column of primary vascular tissue in the root and any tissue that it surrounds.
2007-12-27 GO:0016229 steroid dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction in which one substrate is a sterol derivative.
2007-12-27 GO:0033765 steroid dehydrogenase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors Added DEFINITION Catalysis of an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction in which a CH-CH group acts as a hydrogen or electron donor and reduces a hydrogen or electron acceptor, and in which one substrate is a sterol derivative.
2007-12-27 GO:0033764 steroid dehydrogenase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor Added DEFINITION Catalysis of an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction in which a CH-OH group acts as a hydrogen or electron donor and reduces NAD+ or NADP, and in which one substrate is a sterol derivative.
2007-12-27 GO:0006463 steroid hormone receptor complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a steroid hormone receptor complex, an intracellular receptor that binds steroid hormones. The complex is often a dimer, and forms after the steroid has bound the receptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0034041 sterol-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + sterol(in) = ADP + phosphate + sterol(out).
2007-12-27 GO:0010494 cytoplasmic stress granule Added DEFINITION A dense aggregation in the cytosol composed of proteins and RNAs that appear when the cell is under stress.
2007-12-27 GO:0014855 striated muscle cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of striated muscle cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Striated muscles contain fibers that are divided by transverse bands into striations, and cardiac and skeletal muscle are types of striated muscle.
2007-12-27 GO:0022012 subpallium cell proliferation in forebrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of subpallium cells in the forebrain, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0035172 hemocyte proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of hemocytes, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Hemocytes are blood cells associated with a hemocoel (the cavity containing most of the major organs of the arthropod body) which are involved in defense and clotting of hemolymph, but not involved in transport of oxygen.
2007-12-27 GO:0033786 heptose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-beta-D-heptose-1-phosphate + ATP = ADP-D-glycero-D-manno-heptose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033785 heptose 7-phosphate kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-alpha,beta-D-heptose-7-phosphate + ATP = D-beta-D-heptose-1,7-bisphosphate + ADP.
2007-12-27 GO:0034113 heterotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION The attachment of a cell to a cell of a different type via adhesion molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033827 high-mannose-oligosaccharide beta-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers an N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residue from UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to the 4-position of a mannose linked alpha-1,6 to the core mannose of high-mannose oligosaccharides produced by Dictyostelium discoideum.
2007-12-27 GO:0034109 homotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION The attachment of a cell to a second cell of the identical type via adhesion molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033878 hormone-sensitive lipase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: diacylglycerol + H2O = monoacylglycerol + a carboxylate, triacylglycerol + H2O = diacylglycerol + a carboxylate, and monoacylglycerol + H2O = glycerol + a carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034050 host programmed cell death induced by symbiont Added DEFINITION Cell death in a host resulting from activation of host endogenous cellular processes after direct or indirect interaction with a symbiont (defined as the smaller of two, or more, organisms engaged in symbiosis, a close interaction encompassing mutualism through parasitism). An example of direct interaction is contact with penetrating hyphae of a fungus; an example of indirect interaction is encountering symbiont-secreted molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033906 hyaluronoglucuronidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,3-linkages between beta-D-glucuronate and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in hyaluronate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033971 hydroxyisourate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxyisourate + H2O = 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033833 hydroxymethylfurfural reductase (NADH) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural + NADH + H+ = 2,5-bis-hydroxymethylfuran + NAD+.
2007-12-27 GO:0000215 tRNA 2'-phosphotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2'-phospho-[ligated tRNA] + NAD+ = mature tRNA + ADP ribose 1'',2''-phosphate + nicotinamide + H2O; transfers the splice junction 2-phosphate from ligated tRNA to NAD+ to produce ADP-ribose 1'-2' cyclic phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0017150 tRNA dihydrouridine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tRNA-uracil + acceptor = tRNA-dihydrouridine + reduced acceptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0010489 UDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-glucose-3,5-epimerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-4-keto-6-deoxyglucose -> UDP-4-keto-rhamnose.
2007-12-27 GO:0010490 UDP-4-keto-rhamnose-4-keto-reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-4-keto-rhamnose + NADPH -> UDP-rhamnose + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0010488 UDP-galactose:N-glycan beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-galactose + N-glycan = galactose-beta-1,3-N-glycan + UDP.
2007-12-27 GO:0033862 UMP kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + UMP = ADP + UDP.
2007-12-27 GO:0010491 UTP:arabinose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-L-arabinose 1-phosphate + UTP = UDP-L-arabinose + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0050674 urothelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of urothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Urothelial cells make up a layer of transitional epithelium in the wall of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis, external to the lamina propria.
2007-12-27 GO:0051748 UTP-monosaccharide-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + a monosaccharide 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-monosaccharide.
2007-12-27 GO:0007371 ventral midline determination Updated DEFINITION The regionalization process by which the area where the ventral furrow will begin invagination is specified.
2007-12-27 GO:0060116 vestibular receptor cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that alters the size or shape of a vestibular receptor cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0034003 vetispiradiene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate = vetispiradiene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033801 vitexin 2''-O-rhamnoside 7-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + vitexin 2''-O-beta-L-rhamnoside = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 7-O-methylvitexin 2''-O-beta-L-rhamnoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033914 xylan 1,3-beta-xylosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of successive xylose residues from the non-reducing termini of 1,3-beta-D-xylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033939 xylan alpha-1,2-glucuronosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of alpha-D-1,2-(4-O-methyl)glucuronosyl links in the main chain of hardwood xylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033905 xylan endo-1,3-beta-xylosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glycosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-xylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033826 xyloglucan 4-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers a beta-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose on to a glucose residue in xyloglucan, forming a beta-1,4-D-glucosyl-D-glucose linkage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033843 xyloglucan 6-xylosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers an alpha-D-xylosyl residue from UDP-D-xylose to a glucose residue in xyloglucan, forming an alpha-1,6-D-xylosyl-D-glucose linkage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033946 xyloglucan-specific endo-beta-1,4-glucanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: xyloglucan + H2O = xyloglucan oligosaccharides (endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in xyloglucan).
2007-12-27 GO:0033950 xyloglucan-specific exo-beta-1,4-glucanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: xyloglucan + H2O = xyloglucan oligosaccharides (exohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in xyloglucan).
2007-12-27 GO:0033850 Z-farnesyl diphosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + (2Z,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033871 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033872 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 3 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a nucleosome, the beadlike structural units of eukaryotic chromatin composed of histones and DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0006294 nucleotide-excision repair, preincision complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the multiprotein complex involved in damage recognition, DNA helix unwinding, and endonucleolytic cleavage at the site of DNA damage. This assembly occurs before the phosphodiester backbone of the damaged strand is cleaved 3' and 5' of the site of DNA damage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033847 O-phosphoserine sulfhydrylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: O-phospho-L-serine + hydrogen sulfide = L-cysteine + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033825 oligosaccharide 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers the non-reducing terminal alpha-D-glucose residue from a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to the 4-position of an alpha-D-glucan, thus bringing about the hydrolysis of oligosaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033951 oligosaccharide reducing-end xylanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylose residues from the reducing end of oligosaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033935 oligoxyloglucan beta-glycosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic links in oligoxyloglucans so as to remove successive isoprimeverose (i.e. alpha-xylo-1,6-beta-D-glucosyl-) residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033945 oligoxyloglucan reducing-end-specific cellobiohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of cellobiose from the reducing end of xyloglucans consisting of a beta-1,4-linked glucan carrying alpha-D-xylosyl groups on O-6 of the glucose residues. To be a substrate, the first residue must be unsubstituted, the second residue may bear a xylosyl group, whether further glycosylated or not, and the third residue, which becomes the new terminus by the action of the enzyme, is preferably xylosylated, but this xylose residue must not be further substituted..
2007-12-27 GO:0033687 osteoblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of osteoblasts, resulting in the expansion of an osteoblast cell population. An osteoblast is a bone-forming cell which secretes an extracellular matrix. Hydroxyapatite crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
2007-12-27 GO:0031173 otolith mineralization completed early in development Updated DEFINITION The formation of otoliths during embryogenesis with completion in early postembryonic development. Formation occurs by precipitation of specific crystal forms of calcium carbonate around an organic core of extracellular matrix proteins. Otoconia (otoliths) are small (~10 micron) dense extracellular particles present in the otolith end organs of the vertebrate inner ear.
2007-12-27 GO:0060186 outer ear emergence Added DEFINITION The growth of the outer ear.
2007-12-27 GO:0060185 outer ear unfolding Added DEFINITION The opening and spreading out of the outer ear.
2007-12-27 GO:0022013 pallium cell proliferation in forebrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of pallium cells in the forebrain, resulting in the expansion of the cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0017159 pantetheine hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (R)-pantetheine + H2O = (R)-pantothenate + 2-aminoethanethiol.
2007-12-27 GO:0033922 peptidoglycan beta-N-acetylmuramidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing N-acetylmuramic residues.
2007-12-27 GO:0033873 petromyzonol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + 5alpha-cholan-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-tetrol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + 5alpha-cholan-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-triol 24-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0018814 phenylacetaldoxime dehydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (Z)-phenylacetaldehyde oxime = phenylacetonitrile + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033880 phenylacetyl-CoA hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phenylglyoxylyl-CoA + H2O = phenylglyoxylate + CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033884 phosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: O-phosphoethanolamine + H2O = ethanolamine + phosphate and phosphocholine + H2O = choline + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0051752 phosphoglucan, water dikinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + [phospho-alpha-glucan] + H2O = AMP + O-phospho-[phospho-alpha-glucan] + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0008970 phosphatidylcholine 1-acylhydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phosphatidylcholine + H2O = 2-acylglycerophosphocholine + a carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033980 phosphonopyruvate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-phosphonopyruvate = 2-phosphonoacetaldehyde + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033978 phosphonopyruvate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-phosphonopyruvate + H2O = pyruvate + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0048564 photosystem I assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a photosystem I complex on the thylakoid membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0009944 polarity specification of adaxial/abaxial axis Updated DEFINITION The process resulting in the establishment of polarity along the adaxial/abaxial axis. Adaxial refers to being situated toward an axis of an anatomical structure. Abaxial refers to being situated away from an axis of an anatomical structure.
2007-12-27 GO:0010483 pollen tube reception Added DEFINITION Interaction between the pollen tube, part of the male gametophyte, and the ovule, part of the female gametophyte, that results in the arrest of pollen tube growth, rupture of the pollen tube and the release of the sperm cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0034046 poly(G) binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a sequence of guanine residues in an RNA molecule.
2007-12-27 GO:0034016 polyenoic fatty acid isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-eicosapentaenoate = (5Z,7E,8E,14Z,17Z)-eicosapentaenoate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033936 polymannuronate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of the D-mannuronide linkages of polymannuronate.
2007-12-27 GO:0045787 positive regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034120 positive regulation of erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte aggregation.
2007-12-27 GO:0034108 positive regulation of erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte clearance.
2007-12-27 GO:0033882 choloyl-CoA hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: choloyl-CoA + H2O = cholate + CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033887 chondro-4-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate + H2O = 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033888 chondro-6-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 6-sulfate + H2O = 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033999 chondroitin B lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Eliminative cleavage of dermatan sulfate containing 1,4-beta-D-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucurosonyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages to disaccharides containing 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups to yield a 4,5-unsaturated dermatan-sulfate disaccharide (DeltaUA-GalNAC-4S)..
2007-12-27 GO:0034000 chondroitin-sulfate-ABC endolyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Endolytic cleavage of beta-1,4-galactosaminic bonds between N-acetylgalactosamine and either D-glucuronic acid or L-iduronic acid to produce a mixture of Delta4-unsaturated oligosaccharides of different sizes that are ultimately degraded to Delta4-unsaturated tetra- and disaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0034001 chondroitin-sulfate-ABC exolyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Exolytic cleavage of disaccharide residues from the non-reducing ends of both polymeric chondroitin sulfates and their oligosaccharide fragments.
2007-12-27 GO:0008813 chorismate lyase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: chorismate = 4-hydroxybenzoate + pyruvate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033849 chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 dimethylallyl diphosphate = diphosphate + chrysanthemyl diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033961 cis-stilbene-oxide hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-stilbene oxide + H2O = (+)-(1R,2R)-1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-diol.
2007-12-27 GO:0016882 cyclo-ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the ligation of two substances via a carbon-nitrogen bond to form a heterocyclic product, with concomitant breakage of a diphosphate linkage, usually in a nucleoside triphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0006267 pre-replicative complex assembly involved in nuclear cell cycle DNA replication Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the pre-replicative complex, multiprotein complex that forms at eukaryotic DNA replication origins during late M phase; its presence is required for replication initiation.
2007-12-27 GO:0033972 proclavaminate amidinohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: amidinoproclavaminate + H2O = proclavaminate + urea.
2007-12-27 GO:0033823 procollagen glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + 5-(D-galactosyloxy)-L-lysine-procollagen = UDP + 1,2-D-glucosyl-5-D-(galactosyloxy)-L-lysine-procollagen.
2007-12-27 GO:0033814 propanoyl-CoA C-acyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholanoyl-CoA + propanoyl-CoA = CoA + 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-24-oxo-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0010498 proteasomal protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds that is mediated by the proteasome.
2007-12-27 GO:0010499 proteasomal ubiquitin-independent protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds that is mediated by the proteasome but do not involve ubiquitin.
2007-12-27 GO:0043248 proteasome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a mature, active proteasome complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0018419 protein catenane formation Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a protein structure comprising two or more rings that are interlocked but not covalently joined; resembling the links of a chain.
2007-12-27 GO:0006461 protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0000059 protein import into nucleus, docking Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the nuclear localization signal of a protein with nuclear envelope proteins such as importins.
2007-12-27 GO:0065006 protein-carbohydrate complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and carbohydrates to form a protein-carbohydrate complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0065004 protein-DNA complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and DNA molecules to form a protein-DNA complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0065005 protein-lipid complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and lipids to form a protein-DNA complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0022618 ribonucleoprotein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and RNA molecules to form a ribonucleoprotein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0043461 proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase (also known as F-type ATPase), a two-sector ATPase found in the inner membrane of mitochondria and chloroplasts, and in bacterial plasma membranes.
2007-12-27 GO:0034033 purine nucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a purine nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034034 purine nucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a purine nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034032 purine nucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a purine nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034036 purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034037 purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034035 purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033883 pyridoxal phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + H2O = pyridoxal + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033856 pyridoxine 5'-phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + 3-amino-2-oxopropyl phosphate = pyridoxine 5'-phosphate + phosphate + 2 H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0034008 R-linalool synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate + H2O = (3R)-linalool + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0000821 regulation of arginine metabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving arginine, 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid.
2007-12-27 GO:0051726 regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0022604 regulation of cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cell morphogenesis. Cell morphogenesis is any process that modulates the size or shape of a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0010482 regulation of epidermal cell division Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the physical partitioning and separation of an epidermal cell into daughter cells. An epidermal cell is any of the cells that make up the epidermis.
2007-12-27 GO:0034118 regulation of erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte aggregation.
2007-12-27 GO:0034106 regulation of erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte clearance.
2007-12-27 GO:0010470 regulation of gastrulation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate or extent of gastrulation. Gastrulation is the complex and coordinated series of cellular movements that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development of most animals.
2007-12-27 GO:0000820 regulation of glutamine family amino acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2007-12-27 GO:0034114 regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0034110 regulation of homotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of homotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0051445 regulation of meiotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progression through the meiotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033860 regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the activity of the enzyme NAD(P)H oxidase.
2007-12-27 GO:0010363 regulation of plant-type hypersensitive response Updated DEFINITION Any endogenous process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the plant hypersensitive response.
2007-12-27 GO:0007347 regulation of preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION A cell cycle process that modulates the rate or extent of the progression through the preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033877 succinyl-CoA:(R)-benzylsuccinate CoA-transferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinyl-CoA + (R)-2-benzylsuccinate = succinate + (R)-2-benzylsuccinyl-CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0034010 sulfolactate sulfo-lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-sulfolactate = pyruvate + bisulfite.
2007-12-27 GO:0033768 SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase complex Added DEFINITION A nuclear ubiquitin ligase complex that specifically targets SUMOylated proteins; the complex is formed of homodimers or heterodimers of RNF4 family ubiquitin ligases and is conserved in eukaryotes.
2007-12-27 GO:0042098 T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a T cell population by cell division. Follows T cell activation.
2007-12-27 GO:0002309 T cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a T cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0022032 telencephalon oligodendrocyte cell migration Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of telencephalon oligodendrocyte cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0014804 terminal cisterna lumen Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner and outer lipid bilayers of the terminal cisterna envelope. This space is enriched in calsequestrin.
2007-12-27 GO:0006393 termination of mitochondrial transcription Updated DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule using a mitochondrial DNA template is completed.
2007-12-27 GO:0045884 regulation of survival gene product expression Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of survival gene product expression; survival gene products are those that antagonize the apoptotic program. Regulation can be at the transcriptional, translational, or posttranslational level.
2007-12-27 GO:0007348 regulation of syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION A cell cycle process that modulates the rate or extent of the progression through the syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034103 regulation of tissue remodeling Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of tissue remodeling.
2007-12-27 GO:0000712 resolution of meiotic recombination intermediates Updated DEFINITION The cleavage and rejoining of Holliday junctions formed during meiotic recombination to produce two intact molecules in which genetic material has been exchanged.
2007-12-27 GO:0008535 respiratory chain complex IV assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase), the terminal member of the respiratory chain of the mitochondrion and some aerobic bacteria. Cytochrome c oxidases are multi-subunit enzymes containing from 13 subunits in the mammalian mitochondrial form to 3-4 subunits in the bacterial forms.
2007-12-27 GO:0014076 response to fluoxetine Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a fluoxetine stimulus. Fluoxetine increases the extracellular level of the neurotransmitter serotonin by inhibiting its reuptake into the presynaptic cell, increasing the level of serotonin available to bind to the postsynaptic receptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0033762 response to glucagon Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a glucagon stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0033993 response to lipid Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a lipid stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0006363 termination of RNA polymerase I transcription Updated DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase I using a DNA template is completed; typically occurs within U-rich regions.
2007-12-27 GO:0006369 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription Updated DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase II using a DNA template is completed.
2007-12-27 GO:0010487 thermospermine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosylmethioninamine + spermidine = 5'-methylthioadenosine + thermospermine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033870 thiol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a thiol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + an S-alkyl thiosulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033852 thyroid-hormone transaminase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-3,5,3'-triiodothyronine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3-[4-(4-hydroxy-3-iodophenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenyl]-2-oxopropanoate + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034017 trans-2-decenoyl-acyl-carrier-protein isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trans-dec-2-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein = cis-dec-3-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein.
2007-12-27 GO:0051123 RNA polymerase II transcriptional preinitiation complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on promoter DNA to form the transcriptional preinitiation complex (PIC), the formation of which is a prerequisite for transcription from the RNA polymerase II promoter.
2007-12-27 GO:0007181 transforming growth factor beta receptor complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a type II transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) receptor dimer with a type I TGFbeta receptor dimer, following ligand binding, to form a heterotetrameric TGFbeta receptor complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0010500 transmitting tissue development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the transmitting tract over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The transmitting tissue is the tissue in the style of a carpel through which the pollen tube grows; it connects the stigma and the inside of ovary.
2007-12-27 GO:0045462 trichothecene 3-O-acetyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the 3-O-acetylation of a trichothecene. Trichothecenes are sesquiterpene epoxide mycotoxins that act as potent inhibitors of eukaryotic protein synthesis.
2007-12-27 GO:0033900 ribonuclease F activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of RNA precursor into two, leaving 5'-hydroxy and 3'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0033893 ribonuclease IV activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of poly(A) to fragments terminated by 3'-hydroxy and 5'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0033896 ribonuclease IX activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of poly(U) or poly(C) to fragments terminated by 3'-hydroxy and 5'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0033894 ribonuclease P4 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of RNA, removing 3'-extranucleotides from tRNA precursor.
2007-12-27 GO:0033897 ribonuclease T2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: two-stage endonucleolytic cleavage to nucleoside 3'-phosphates and 3'-phosphooligonucleotides with 2',3'-cyclic phosphate intermediates.
2007-12-27 GO:0033899 ribonuclease U2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: two-stage endonucleolytic cleavage to nucleoside 3'-phosphates and 3'-phosphooligonucleotides ending in Ap or Gp with 2',3'-cyclic phosphate intermediates.
2007-12-27 GO:0033901 ribonuclease V activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of poly(A), forming oligoribonucleotides and ultimately 3'-AMP.
2007-12-27 GO:0033895 ribonuclease [poly-(U)-specific] activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of poly(U) to fragments terminated by 3'-hydroxy and 5'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0034030 ribonucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034031 ribonucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033875 ribonucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033863 ribose 1,5-bisphosphate phosphokinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + ribose 1,5-bisphosphate = ADP + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0000027 ribosomal large subunit assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of constituent RNAs and proteins to form and maintain the large ribosomal subunit.
2007-12-27 GO:0000028 ribosomal small subunit assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of constituent RNAs and proteins to form and maintain the small ribosomal subunit.
2007-12-27 GO:0042257 ribosomal subunit assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of constituent RNAs and proteins to form ribosomal subunits.
2007-12-27 GO:0042255 ribosome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the mature ribosome and of its subunits.
2007-12-27 GO:0003969 RNA editase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2007-12-27 GO:0010501 RNA secondary structure unwinding Added DEFINITION The process by which a secondary structure of RNA are broken or 'melted'.
2007-12-27 GO:0034057 RNA strand-exchange activity Added DEFINITION Facilitates the displacement of one strand of an RNA-RNA duplex and its replacement with a different strand of higher complementarity.
2007-12-27 GO:0033902 rRNA endonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the phosphodiester linkage between guanosine and adenosine residues at one specific position in 28S rRNA from rat ribosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0034007 S-linalool synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate + H2O = (3S)-linalool + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033805 sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sarcosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N,N-dimethylglycine.S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N,N-dimethylglycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + betaine.
2007-12-27 GO:0014841 skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of satellite cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2007-12-27 GO:0010265 SCF complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the SKP1-Cullin/Cdc53-F-box protein ubiquitin ligase (SCF) complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0014010 Schwann cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of Schwann cells, resulting in the expansion of their population. Schwann cells are a type of glial cell in the peripheral nervous system.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-12-27 GO:0060183 apelin receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an apelin receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-12-27 GO:0043297 apical junction assembly Updated DEFINITION The formation of an apical junction, a functional unit located near the cell apex at the points of contact between epithelial cells composed of the tight junction, the zonula adherens junction and the desmosomes, by the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of its constituents.
2007-12-27 GO:0034018 ascopyrone tautomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose = 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-1-en-3-ulose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033853 aspartate-prephenate aminotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-arogenate + oxaloacetate = prephenate + L-aspartate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034038 deoxyhypusine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + spermidine = [eIF5A-precursor]-deoxyhypusine + propane-1,3-diamine. Four sub-reactions have been identified,in which the intermediates remain tightly associated with the enzyme: spermidine + NAD+ = dehydrospermidine + NADH; dehydrospermidine + [enzyme]-lysine = N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[enzyme]-lysine + propane-1,3-diamine; N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[enzyme]-lysine + [eIF5A-precursor]-lysine = N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + [enzyme]-lysine; N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + NADH + H+ = [eIF5A-precursor]-deoxyhypusine + NAD+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033959 deoxyribodipyrimidine endonucleosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cleaves the N-glycosidic bond between the 5'-pyrimidine residue in cyclobutadipyrimidine (in DNA) and the corresponding deoxy-D-ribose residue.
2007-12-27 GO:0033892 deoxyribonuclease (pyrimidine dimer) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage near pyrimidine dimers to products with 5'-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033924 dextran 1,6-alpha-isomaltotriosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in dextrans, to remove successive isomaltotriose units from the non-reducing ends of the chains.
2007-12-27 GO:0033904 dextranase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in dextran.
2007-12-27 GO:0033816 diaminobutyrate acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + L-2,4-diaminobutanoate = CoA + N4-acetyl-L-2,4-diaminobutanoate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033983 diaminobutyrate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-2,4-diaminobutanoate = propane-1,3-diamine + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033857 diphosphoinositol-pentakisphosphate kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 5-diphospho-1D-myo-inositol pentakisphosphate = ADP + bis(diphospho)-1D-myo-inositol tetrakisphosphate (isomeric configuration unknown).
2007-12-27 GO:0033820 DNA alpha-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers an alpha-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033821 DNA beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers a beta-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033958 DNA-deoxyinosine glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolyses DNA and polynucleotides, releasing free hypoxanthine.
2007-12-27 GO:0042714 dosage compensation complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the complex that mediates dosage compensation on one or more X chromosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0016457 dosage compensation complex assembly involved in dosage compensation by hyperactivation of X chromosome Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the complex that mediates dosage compensation on the X chromosome of the heterogametic sex, ultimately resulting in a two-fold increase in transcription from this chromosome.
2007-12-27 GO:0042715 dosage compensation complex assembly involved in dosage compensation by hypoactivation of X chromosome Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the complex that mediates dosage compensation on both X chromosomes in the monogametic sex, ultimately resulting in a two-fold reduction in transcription from these chromosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0042139 early meiotic recombination nodule assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form small, electron dense structures in association with meiotic chromosomes during leptotene and zygotene.
2007-12-27 GO:0033990 ectoine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N4-acetyl-L-2,4-diaminobutanoate = L-ectoine + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033588 Elongator holoenzyme complex Updated DEFINITION A heterohexameric protein complex that is involved in tRNA modification, and exerts indirect effects on transcriptional elongation and exocytosis. The complex can associate physically with hyperphosphorylated RNA polymerase II; it contains two discrete heterotrimeric subcomplexes.
2007-12-27 GO:0033931 endogalactosaminidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosaminidic linkages in poly(D-galactosamine).
2007-12-27 GO:0001935 endothelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of endothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Endothelial cells are thin flattened cells which line the inside surfaces of body cavities, blood vessels, and lymph vessels, making up the endothelium.
2007-12-27 GO:0016631 enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(P)+ = trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NAD(P)H + H+.
2007-12-27 GO:0055113 epiboly involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The expansion of one cell sheet over other cells involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0010481 epidermal cell division Added DEFINITION The processes resulting in the physical partitioning and separation of an epidermal cell, any of the cells making up the epidermis, into daughter cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0050673 epithelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of epithelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Epithelial cells make up the epithelium, the covering of internal and external surfaces of the body, including the lining of vessels and other small cavities. It consists of cells joined by small amounts of cementing substances.
2007-12-27 GO:0034117 erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION The adhesion of one erythrocyte to one or more other erythrocytes via adhesion molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0034102 erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION The selective elimination of erythrocytes from the body by autoregulatory mechanisms.
2007-12-27 GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis Added DEFINITION The processes of regulating the production and elimination of erythrocytes within an organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0034056 estrogen response element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the sterol response element (SRE), a nonpalindromic sequence found in the promoters of genes involved in lipid metabolism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033917 exo-poly-alpha-galacturonosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of pectic acid from the non-reducing end, releasing digalacturonate.
2007-12-27 GO:0001927 exocyst assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of various polypeptides into the exocyst complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0034044 exomer complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that forms a coat structure on vesicles involved in exocytosis of proteins from the trans-Golgi network to the cell surface; in Saccharomyces, the complex contains Chs5p, Chs6p, and Chs6p paralogues.
2007-12-27 GO:0034012 FAD-AMP lyase (cyclizing) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: FAD = AMP + riboflavin cyclic-4',5'-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034002 (R)-limonene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate = (+)-(4R)-limonene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033932 1,3-alpha-L-fucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,3-linkages between alpha-L-fucose and N-acetylglucosamine residues in glycoproteins.
2007-12-27 GO:0033992 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose = 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033938 1,6-alpha-L-fucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,6-linkages between alpha-L-fucose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine in glycopeptides such as immunoglobulin G glycopeptide and fucosyl-asialo-agalacto-fetuin.
2007-12-27 GO:0008665 2'-phosphotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group from one compound to the 2' position of another.
2007-12-27 GO:0033912 2,6-beta-fructan 6-levanbiohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 2,6-beta-D-fructofuranan, to remove successive disaccharide residues as levanbiose, i.e. 6-(beta-D-fructofuranosyl)-D-fructose, from the end of the chain.
2007-12-27 GO:0033976 2-haloacid dehalogenase (configuration-inverting) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: (S)-2-haloacid + H2O = (R)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.(R)-2-haloacid + H2O = (S)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.
2007-12-27 GO:0033977 2-haloacid dehalogenase (configuration-retaining) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: (S)-2-haloacid + H2O = (S)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.(R)-2-haloacid + H2O = (R)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.
2007-12-27 GO:0033987 2-hydroxyisoflavanone dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2,7,4'-trihydroxyisoflavanone = daidzein + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0034029 2-oxoglutarate carboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 2-oxoglutarate + HCO3- = ADP + phosphate + oxalosuccinate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010492 maintenance of shoot apical meristem identity Added DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the identity of the shoot apical meristem. Identity is considered to be the aggregate of characteristics by which a structure is recognized.
2007-12-27 GO:0033598 mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of mammary gland epithelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Mammary gland epithelial cells make up the covering of surfaces of the mammary gland. The mammary gland is a large compound sebaceous gland that in female mammals is modified to secrete milk.
2007-12-27 GO:0034039 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine DNA N-glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the removal of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine bases by cleaving the N-C1' glycosidic bond between the oxidized purine and the deoxyribose sugar.
2007-12-27 GO:0033879 acetylajmaline esterase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 17-O-acetylajmaline + H2O = ajmaline + acetate and 17-O-acetylnorajmaline + H2O = norajmaline + acetate.
2007-12-27 GO:0018818 acetylene hydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetaldehyde = acetylene + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033985 acidocalcisome lumen Added DEFINITION The volume enclosed by the membranes of an acidocalcisome.
2007-12-27 GO:0050798 activated T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a T cell population following activation by an antigenic stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0033965 aculeacin-A deacylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the amide bond in aculeacin A and related neutral lipopeptide antibiotics, releasing the long-chain fatty acid side-chain.
2007-12-27 GO:0009943 adaxial/abaxial axis specification Updated DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of the adaxial / abaxial axis. Adaxial refers to being situated toward an axis of an anatomical structure. Abaxial refers to being situated away from an axis of an anatomical structure.
2007-12-27 GO:0009955 adaxial/abaxial pattern specification Updated DEFINITION The regionalization process by which differences in cell differentiation along the adaxial/abaxial are generated. Adaxial refers to being situated toward an axis of an anatomical structure. Abaxial refers to being situated away from an axis of an anatomical structure.
2007-12-27 GO:0034022 3-(hydroxyamino)phenol mutase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-hydroxyaminophenol = aminohydroquinone.
2007-12-27 GO:0033982 3-dehydro-L-gulonate-6-phosphate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-dehydro-L-gulonate 6-phosphate + H+ = L-xylulose 5-phosphate + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033937 3-deoxy-2-octulosonidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of the beta-ketopyranosidic linkages of 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonate in capsular polysaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033812 3-oxoadipyl-CoA thiolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoadipyl-CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033989 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA hydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (24R,25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA = (24E)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033942 4-alpha-D-{(1->4)-alpha-D-glucano}trehalose trehalohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of alpha-(1->4)-D-glucosidic linkage in 4-alpha-D-{(1->4)-alpha-D-glucanosyl}n trehalose to yield trehalose and alpha-(1->4)-D-glucan.
2007-12-27 GO:0008701 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxy-2-oxopentanoate = pyruvate + acetaldehyde.
2007-12-27 GO:0034023 5-(carboxyamino)imidazole ribonucleotide mutase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034028 5-(carboxyamino)imidazole ribonucleotide synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + HCO3- = ADP + phosphate + 5-carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole.
2007-12-27 GO:0010486 manganese:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: Mn2+(in) + H+(out) = Mn2+(out) + H+(in).
2007-12-27 GO:0033915 mannan 1,2-(1,3)-alpha-mannosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,2- and 1,3-linkages in yeast mannan, releasing mannose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033928 mannan 1,4-mannobiosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-mannosidic linkages in 1,4-beta-D-mannans, to remove successive mannobiose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033941 mannan exo-1,2-1,6-alpha-mannosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,2-alpha-D- and 1,6-alpha-D- linkages in yeast mannan, releasing D-mannose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033925 mannosyl-glycoprotein endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of the N,N'-diacetylchitobiosyl unit in high-mannose glycopeptides and glycoproteins containing the -[Man(GlcNAc)2]Asn-structure. One N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residue remains attached to the protein; the rest of the oligosaccharide is released intact.
2007-12-27 GO:0033947 mannosylglycoprotein endo-beta-mannosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->6)-beta-D-mannosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl-(1->4)-beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl sequence of glycoprotein to alpha-D-mannosyl-(1->6)-D-mannose and beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl-(1->4)-beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminyl sequences.
2007-12-27 GO:0042256 mature ribosome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the large and small ribosomal subunits into a functional ribosome.
2007-12-27 GO:0022020 medial ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of medial ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0000707 meiotic DNA recombinase assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form higher order oligomers on single-stranded DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0007146 meiotic recombination nodule assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form small, electron dense structures in association with meiotic chromosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0002397 MHC class I protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC class I protein complex. Class I here refers to classical class I molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0002398 MHC class Ib protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC class Ib protein complex. Class Ib here refers to non-classical class I molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0002399 MHC class II protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC class II protein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0002396 MHC protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an MHC protein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0010480 microsporocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process aimed at the progression of a microsporocyte cell over time, from initial commitment of the cell to a specific fate, to the fully functional differentiated cell. A microsporocyte is a diploid (2n) cell that undergoes meiosis and forms four haploid (1n) microspores; also called microspore mother cell and, in seed plants, pollen mother cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0033955 mitochondrial DNA inheritance Added DEFINITION The process by which copies of the mitochondrial genome are segregated or distributed into daughter mitochondria upon mitochondrial fission.
2007-12-27 GO:0000002 mitochondrial genome maintenance Updated DEFINITION The maintenance of the structure and integrity of the mitochondrial genome; includes replication and segregation of the mitochondrial chromosome.
2007-12-27 GO:0033615 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0033108 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a mitochondrial respiratory chain complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0032981 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I.
2007-12-27 GO:0033617 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase) in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0034053 modulation by symbiont of host defense-related programmed cell death Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of defense-related programmed cell death in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-12-27 GO:0032943 mononuclear cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a mononuclear cell population by cell division. A mononuclear cell is a leukocyte with a single non-segmented nucleus in the mature form.
2007-12-27 GO:0033954 alpha-neoagaro-oligosaccharide hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 1,3-alpha-L-galactosidic linkages of neoagaro-oligosaccharides that are smaller than a hexamer, yielding 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose and D-galactose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033824 alternansucrase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers alternately an alpha-D-glucosyl residue from sucrose to the 6-position and the 3-position of the non-reducing terminal residue of an alpha-D-glucan, thus producing a glucan having alternating alpha-1,6- and alpha-1,3-linkages.
2007-12-27 GO:0034006 amorpha-4,11-diene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate = amorpha-4,11-diene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0002117 amphibian larval development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the amphibian larva over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Amphibian larvae, sometimes called pollywogs or tadpoles, hatch from eggs and begin to grow limbs and other adult physical features at various times, depending on the species, before they metamorphose into the adult form.
2007-12-27 GO:0055048 anastral spindle assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle, the array of microtubules and associated molecules that serves to move duplicated chromosomes apart, in the absence of centrosomes. Formation is initiated by the nucleation of microtubules (MTs) in the vicinity of condensed chromatin. MTs then attach to and congress around the chromatin due to activity of microtubule motors. A bipolar spindle is formed by focusing of the terminal ends of the MT array into spindle poles by molecular motors and cross-linking proteins.
2007-12-27 GO:0033903 endo-1,3(4)-beta-glucanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,3- or 1,4-linkages in beta-D-glucans when the glucose residue whose reducing group is involved in the linkage to be hydrolysed is itself substituted at C-3.
2007-12-27 GO:0009971 anastral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the anastral spindle in male meiotic cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0033995 anhydrosialidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Elimination of alpha-sialyl groups in N-acetylneuraminic acid glycosides, releasing 2,7-anhydro-alpha-N-acetylneuraminate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033837 anthocyanin 3'-O-beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + an anthocyanin = UDP + an anthocyanin 3'-O-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033810 anthocyanin 5-O-glucoside 6'''-O-malonyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malonyl-CoA + pelargonidin 3-O-(6-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucoside) 5-O-beta-D-glucoside = CoA + 4'''-demalonylsalvianin.
2007-12-27 GO:0033809 anthocyanin 6''-O-malonyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malonyl-CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside = CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-(6-O-malonyl-beta-D-glucoside).
2007-12-27 GO:0060182 apelin receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with the peptide apelin to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-12-27 GO:0033953 alpha-agarase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,3-alpha-L-galactosidic linkages in agarose, yielding agarotetraose as the major product.
2007-12-27 GO:0046633 alpha-beta T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an alpha-beta T cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0002310 alpha-beta T cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an alpha-beta T cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0046651 lymphocyte proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a lymphocyte population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0065003 macromolecular complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of macromolecules to form a complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0000248 C-5 sterol desaturase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5,7,24(28)-ergostatrienol + O2 + NADPH = 5,7,22,24(28)-ergostatetraenol + 2 H2O + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0034019 capsanthin/capsorubin synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: violaxanthin = capsorubin.antheraxanthin = capsanthin.
2007-12-27 GO:0050659 N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + dermatan = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + dermatan 6'-sulfate.3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + chondroitin = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + chondroitin 6'-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033970 N-malonylurea hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-oxo-3-ureidopropanoate + H2O = malonate + urea.
2007-12-27 GO:0033960 N-methyl nucleosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7-methylxanthosine + H2O = 7-methylxanthine + D-ribose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033966 N-substituted formamide deformylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-benzylformamide + H2O = formate + benzylamine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033889 N-sulfoglucosamine-3-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 3-sulfate groups of the N-sulfo-D-glucosamine 3-O-sulfate units of heparin.
2007-12-27 GO:0033848 N2-(2-carboxyethyl)arginine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + L-arginine = N2-(2-carboxyethyl)-L-arginine + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010275 NAD(P)H dehydrogenase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form NAD(P)H dehydrogenase complex, which is involved in electron transport from an unidentified electron donor, possibly NAD(P)H or ferredoxin(Fd) to the plastoquinone pool.
2007-12-27 GO:0030964 NADH dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION An integral membrane complex that possesses NADH oxidoreductase activity. The complex is one of the components of the electron transport chain. It catalyses the transfer of a pair of electrons from NADH to a quinone.
2007-12-27 GO:0010258 NADH dehydrogenase complex (plastoquinone) assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form NADH:plastoquinone dehydrogenase complex, which is involved in the non-photochemical reduction of plastoquinones, as well as the cyclic electron transport around photosystem I.
2007-12-27 GO:0010257 NADH dehydrogenase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form an NADH dehydrogenase complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0001787 natural killer cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a natural killer cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0034048 negative regulation of protein phosphatase type 2A activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2A.
2007-12-27 GO:0046003 negative regulation of syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034104 negative regulation of tissue remodeling Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of tissue remodeling.
2007-12-27 GO:0002119 nematode larval development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the nematode larva over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Nematode larval development begins with the newly hatched first-stage larva (L1) and ends with the end of the last larval stage (fr example the fourth larval stage (L4) in C. elegans). Each stage of nematode larval development is characterized by proliferation of specific cell lineages and an increase in body size without alteration of the basic body plan. Nematode larval stages are separated by molts in which each stage-specific exoskeleton, or cuticle, is shed and replaced anew.
2007-12-27 GO:0034020 neoxanthin synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: violaxanthin = neoxanthin.
2007-12-27 GO:0007405 neuroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a neuroblast population by cell division. Neuroblasts are embryonic cells that develop into nerve cells or neurons.
2007-12-27 GO:0033855 nicotianamine aminotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nicotianamine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3''-deamino-3''-oxonicotianamine + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0051292 nuclear pore complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a nuclear pore complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0033866 nucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033869 nucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033865 nucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033974 nucleoside phosphoacylhydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolyses mixed phospho-anhydride bonds.
2007-12-27 GO:0033829 O-fucosylpeptide 3-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: transfers a beta-D-GlcNAc residue from UDP-D-GlcNAc to the fucose residue of a fucosylated protein acceptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0055049 astral spindle assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle, the array of microtubules and associated molecules that serves to move duplicated chromosomes apart, in the presence of centrosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0055050 astral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the astral spindle in male meiotic cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0002093 auditory receptor cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that alters the size or shape of an auditory receptor cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0042100 B cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a B cell population by cell division. Follows B cell activation.
2007-12-27 GO:0002322 B cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a B cell population by cell division following B cell activation during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0002359 B-1 B cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a B-1 B cell by cell division. Follows B cell activation.
2007-12-27 GO:0033898 Bacillus subtilis ribonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage to 2',3'-cyclic nucleotides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033774 basal labyrinth Added DEFINITION A region in the lower half of some cells formed from extensive infoldings of the basal plasma membrane; includes cytoplasm adjacent to the infolded membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0033916 beta-agarase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-galactosidic linkages in agarose, giving the tetramer as the predominant product.
2007-12-27 GO:0033956 beta-apiosyl-beta-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7-[beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy]isoflavonoid + H2O = a 7-hydroxyisoflavonoid + beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1->6)-D-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033907 beta-D-fucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-fucose residues in beta-D-fucosides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033944 beta-galactofuranosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactofuranosides, releasing galactose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033817 beta-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein synthase II activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (Z)-hexadec-11-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein + malonyl-acyl-carrier-protein = (Z)-3-oxooctadec-13-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein + CO2 + acyl-carrier-protein.
2007-12-27 GO:0033818 beta-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein synthase III activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + malonyl-acyl-carrier-protein = acetoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein + CoA + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033908 beta-L-rhamnosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-L-rhamnose residues in beta-L-rhamnosides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033988 bile-acid 7alpha-dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7alpha,12alpha-dihydroxy-3-oxochol-4-enoate = 12alpha-hydroxy-3-oxochola-4,6-dienoate + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033881 bile-acid-CoA hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxycholoyl-CoA + H2O = CoA + deoxycholate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033815 biphenyl synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3 malonyl-CoA + benzoyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 3,5-dihydroxybiphenyl + 4 CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0002043 blood vessel endothelial cell proliferation involved in sprouting angiogenesis Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of blood vessel endothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population during sprouting angiogenesis.
2007-12-27 GO:0033929 blood-group-substance endo-1,4-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-galactosidic linkages in blood group A and B substances.
2007-12-27 GO:0007589 body fluid secretion Updated DEFINITION The regulated release of a fluid by a cell or group of cells in a multicellular organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033867 Fas-activated serine/threonine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + Fas-activated serine/threonine protein = ADP + Fas-activated serine/threonine phosphoprotein.
2007-12-27 GO:0048144 fibroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of fibroblast cells, resulting in the expansion of the fibroblast population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033835 flavanone 7-O-glucoside 2''-O-beta-L-rhamnosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-L-rhamnose + a flavanone 7-O-glucoside = UDP + a flavanone 7-O-[beta-L-rhamnosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside].
2007-12-27 GO:0033836 flavonol 7-O-beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + a flavonol = UDP + a flavonol 7-O-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0034042 5-formyluracil DNA N-glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the removal of 5-formyluracil bases by cleaving the N-C1' glycosidic bond between the oxidized pyrimidine and the deoxyribose sugar.
2007-12-27 GO:0034043 5-hydroxymethyluracil DNA N-glycosylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the removal of 5-hydroxymethyluracil bases by cleaving the N-C1' glycosidic bond between the oxidized pyrimidine and the deoxyribose sugar.
2007-12-27 GO:0033808 6'-deoxychalcone synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3 malonyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA + NADPH + H+ = 4 CoA + isoliquiritigenin + 3 CO2 + NADP+ + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033920 6-phospho-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a 6-phospho-beta-D-galactoside + H2O = 6-phospho-D-galactose + an alcohol.
2007-12-27 GO:0033841 6G-fructosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]m+1 alpha-D-glucopyranoside + [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]n+1 alpha-D-glucopyranoside = [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]m alpha-D-glucopyranoside + [1-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-]n+1 beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->6)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside (m > 0; n >= 0).
2007-12-27 GO:0034027 (carboxyethyl)arginine beta-lactam-synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-N2-(2-carboxyethyl)arginine = AMP + diphosphate + deoxyamidinoproclavaminate.
2007-12-27 GO:0018824 (hydroxyamino)benzene mutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (hydroxyamino)benzene = 2-aminophenol.
2007-12-27 GO:0033975 (R)-2-haloacid dehalogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (R)-2-haloacid + H2O = (S)-2-hydroxyacid + halide.
2007-12-27 GO:0000902 cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the size or shape of a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0060187 cell pole Added DEFINITION Either of two different areas at opposite ends of an axis of a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0008283 cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0021534 cell proliferation in hindbrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the hindbrain.
2007-12-27 GO:0033278 cell proliferation in midbrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the midbrain.
2007-12-27 GO:0021924 cell proliferation in external granule layer Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of neuroblasts resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the external granule layer of the hindbrain. The external granule layer is the layer that originates from the rostral half of the rhombic lip in the first rhombomere.
2007-12-27 GO:0021923 cell proliferation in hindbrain ventricular zone Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population in the hindbrain region that is adjacent to the ventricular cavity.
2007-12-27 GO:0021992 cell proliferation involved in neural plate elongation Updated DEFINITION The process of expansion of cell numbers in the neural plate due to cell division of progenitor cells preferentially in the rostrocaudal direction, resulting in the elongation of the tissue.
2007-12-27 GO:0006884 cell volume homeostasis Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in maintaining the equilibrium of a cell's volume. The cell's volume refers to the three-dimensional space occupied by a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0033886 cellulose-polysulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 2- and 3-sulfate groups of the polysulfates of cellulose and charonin.
2007-12-27 GO:0002324 natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a natural killer cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0033840 NDP-glucose-starch glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NDP-glucose + (1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl)n = NDP + (1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl)n+1.
2007-12-27 GO:0034054 negative regulation by symbiont of host defense-related programmed cell death Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of defense-related programmed cell death in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-12-27 GO:0045786 negative regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034119 negative regulation of erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte aggregation.
2007-12-27 GO:0034107 negative regulation of erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte clearance.
2007-12-27 GO:0034115 negative regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0034111 negative regulation of homotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of homotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0051447 negative regulation of meiotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the meiotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0045839 negative regulation of mitosis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of mitosis. Mitosis is the division of the eukaryotic cell nucleus to produce two daughter nuclei that, usually, contain the identical chromosome complement to their mother.
2007-12-27 GO:0045930 negative regulation of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0045976 negative regulation of mitotic cell cycle, embryonic Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the embryonic mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033861 negative regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of the enzyme NAD(P)H oxidase.
2007-12-27 GO:0034051 negative regulation of plant-type hypersensitive response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the hypersensitive response in a plant.
2007-12-27 GO:0046001 negative regulation of preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of progression through the preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033934 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltotriohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in amylaceous polysaccharides, to remove successive maltotriose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033923 glucan 1,6-alpha-isomaltosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides, to remove successive isomaltose units from the non-reducing ends of the chains.
2007-12-27 GO:0033913 glucan endo-1,2-beta-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,2-glucosidic linkages in 1,2-beta-D-glucans.
2007-12-27 GO:0010474 glucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (GDP) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP + D-glucose 1-phosphate = phosphate + GDP-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033822 glucosyl-DNA beta-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers a beta-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to a glucosylhydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033858 N-acetylgalactosamine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + N-acetyl-D-galactosamine = ADP + N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine 1-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0048197 Golgi membrane coat protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of priming complexes to form a coat on a Golgi membrane. Priming complexes associate laterally and additional coat proteins are recruited from the cytosol to the forming coat. Cargo proteins diffuse into the budding site and become trapped by their interactions with the coat.
2007-12-27 GO:0048195 Golgi membrane priming complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a membrane priming complex. An incoming coat component recognizes both GTPase and a membrane protein to form the priming complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0055107 Golgi to secretory granule transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of proteins from the Golgi to a secretory granule. The secretory granule is a membrane-bound particle, usually protein, formed in the granular endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0006894 Golgi to secretory vesicle transport Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The directed movement of proteins from the Golgi to one of two types of secretory vesicle. Continuously secreted proteins are sorted into transport vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing their contents by exocytosis. Specialized secretory cells have a second secretory pathway in which soluble proteins and other substances are initially stored in secretory vesicles for later release.
2007-12-27 GO:0055108 Golgi to transport vesicle transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of proteins from the Golgi to a transport vesicle. Continuously secreted proteins are sorted into transport vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing their contents by exocytosis.
2007-12-27 GO:0033868 Goodpasture-antigen-binding protein kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + Goodpasture antigen-binding protein = ADP + Goodpasture antigen-binding phosphoprotein.
2007-12-27 GO:0033921 capsular-polysaccharide endo-1,3-alpha-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,3-alpha-D-galactosidic linkages in Aerobacter aerogenes capsular polysaccharide.
2007-12-27 GO:0060038 cardiac muscle cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a cardiac muscle cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0033828 glucosylglycerol-phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ADP-glucose + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = 2-(beta-D-glucosyl)-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + ADP.
2007-12-27 GO:0033994 glucuronan lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Eliminative cleavage of (1->4)-beta-D-glucuronans to give oligosaccharides with 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends. Complete degradation of glucuronans results in the formation of tetrasaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033940 glucuronoarabinoxylan endo-1,4-beta-xylanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosyl links in some glucuronoarabinoxylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033854 glutamate-prephenate aminotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-arogenate + 2-oxoglutarate = prephenate + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034024 glutamate-putrescine ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + L-glutamate + putrescine = ADP + phosphate + gamma-L-glutamylputrescine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033968 glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic-acid acylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (7R)-7-(4-carboxybutanamido)cephalosporanate + H2O = (7R)-7-aminocephalosporanate + glutarate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033804 glycine/sarcosine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + glycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + sarcosine.S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sarcosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N,N-dimethylglycine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033876 glycochenodeoxycholate sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + glycochenodeoxycholate = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + glycochenodeoxycholate 7-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033164 glycolipid 6-alpha-mannosyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: transfers an alpha-D-mannosyl residue from GDP-mannose into lipid-linked oligosaccharide, forming an alpha-1,6-D-mannosyl-D-mannose linkage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033926 glycopeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminidic residues from a variety of glycopeptides and glycoproteins.
2007-12-27 GO:0033964 glycosphingolipid deacylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of gangliosides and neutral glycosphingolipids, releasing fatty acids to form the lyso-derivatives.
2007-12-27 GO:0010484 H3 histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a histone, specific for histones H3.
2007-12-27 GO:0010485 H4 histone acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of an acetyl group to a histone, specific for histones H4.
2007-12-27 GO:0050891 multicellular organismal water homeostasis Updated DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a tissue, organ, or a multicellular organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033002 muscle cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a muscle cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0033911 mycodextranase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in alpha-D-glucans containing both 1,3- and 1,4-bonds.
2007-12-27 GO:0014844 myoblast proliferation involved in skeletal muscle regeneration Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of myoblast cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. This occurs as part of skeletal muscle regeneration. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2007-12-27 GO:0051450 myoblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of myoblasts, resulting in the expansion of a myoblast cell population. A myoblast is a mononucleate cell type that, by fusion with other myoblasts, gives rise to the myotubes that eventually develop into skeletal muscle fibers.
2007-12-27 GO:0031034 myosin filament assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a filament composed of myosin molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033799 myricetin 3'-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + myricetin = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + syringetin.
2007-12-27 GO:0033842 N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl-glycoprotein 4-beta-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl group = UDP + N-acetyl-beta-D-galactosaminyl-(1->4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl group.
2007-12-27 GO:0033846 adenosyl-fluoride synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + fluoride = 5'-deoxy-5'-fluoroadenosine + L-methionine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033991 aldos-2-ulose dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose = 2-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2H-pyran-3(6H)-one + H2O (overall reaction).(1a) 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose = 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose + H2O.(1b) 1,5-anhydro-4-deoxy-D-glycero-hex-3-en-2-ulose = 2-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2H-pyran-3(6H)-one.
2007-12-27 GO:0034013 aliphatic aldoxime dehydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: an aliphatic aldoxime = an aliphatic nitrile + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033832 alpha,alpha-trehalose phosphorylase (configuration-retaining) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha,alpha-trehalose + phosphate = alpha-D-glucose + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033845 hydroxymethylfurfural reductase (NADPH) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural + NADPH + H+ = 2,5-bis-hydroxymethylfuran + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033790 hydroxymethylfurfural reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural + NAD(P)H + H+ = 2,5-bis-hydroxymethylfuran + NAD(P)+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033838 flavonol-3-O-glucoside glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033839 flavonol-3-O-glycoside glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033811 flavonol-3-O-triglucoside O-coumaroyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-coumaroyl-CoA + a flavonol 3-O-[beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside] = CoA + a flavonol 3-O-[6-(4-coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucoside].
2007-12-27 GO:0048438 floral whorl development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a floral whorl over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A floral whorl is a circular arrangement of parts of a flower arising from a stem of a plant.
2007-12-27 GO:0033806 fluorothreonine transaldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-threonine + fluoroacetaldehyde = acetaldehyde + 4-fluoro-L-threonine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033948 fructan beta-(2,1)-fructosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing 2,1-linked beta-D-fructofuranose residues in fructans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033949 fructan beta-(2,6)-fructosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing 2,6-linked beta-D-fructofuranose residues in fructans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033909 fucoidanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,2-alpha-L-fucoside linkages in fucoidan without release of sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033859 furaldehyde metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving furaldehyde, a furan ring-containing aldehyde compound which can be formed from the thermal decomposition of biomass.
2007-12-27 GO:0033943 galactan 1,3-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in (1->3)-beta-D-galactopyranans.
2007-12-27 GO:0010475 galactose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (GDP) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP + L-galactose 1-phosphate = phosphate + GDP-galactose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033844 galactose-6-sulfurylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Eliminates sulfate from the D-galactose 6-sulfate residues of porphyran, producing 3,6-anhydrogalactose residues.
2007-12-27 GO:0046630 gamma-delta T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a gamma-delta T cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0002311 gamma-delta T cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an gamma-delta T cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0033969 gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyrate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-(glutamylamino)butanoate + H2O = 4-aminobutanoate + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010472 GDP-galactose:glucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP-galactose-1-phosphate + glucose-1-phosphate = galactose-1-phosphate + GDP-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0010471 GDP-galactose:mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP-galactose-1-phosphate + mannose-1-phosphate = galactose-1-phosphate + GDP-mannose.
2007-12-27 GO:0010473 GDP-galactose:myoinositol-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GDP-galactose-1-phosphate + myoinositol-1-phosphate = galactose-1-phosphate + GDP-myoinositol.
2007-12-27 GO:0034004 germacradienol synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate + H2O = (1E,4S,5E,7R)-germacra-1(10),5-dien-11-ol + diphosphate.2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate = (-)-(7S)-germacrene D + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034005 germacrene-A synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate = (+)-(R)-germacrene A + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0010476 gibberellin mediated signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of gibberellin stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0014009 glial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of glial cells by cell division, resulting in the expansion of their population. Glial cells exist throughout the nervous system, and include Schwann cells, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes among others.
2007-12-27 GO:0033919 glucan 1,3-alpha-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal 1,3-alpha-D-glucosidic links in 1,3-alpha-D-glucans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033927 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltohexaosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in amylaceous polysaccharides, to remove successive maltohexaose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033910 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltotetraohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in amylaceous polysaccharides, to remove successive maltotetraose residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033807 icosanoyl-CoA synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: stearoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + 2 NAD(P)H + 2 H+ = icosanoyl-CoA + CO2 + 2 NAD(P)+.
2007-12-27 GO:0033079 immature T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an immature T cell population by cell division.
2007-12-27 GO:0033080 immature T cell proliferation in thymus Updated DEFINITION The expansion of an immature T cell population by cell division in the thymus.
2007-12-27 GO:0033984 indole-3-glycerol-phosphate lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (1S,2R)-1-C-(indol-3-yl)glycerol 3-phosphate = indole + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0055111 ingression involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The migration of individual cells into the embryo involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0000822 inositol hexakisphosphate binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with inositol hexakisphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0035299 inositol pentakisphosphate 2-kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0035300 inositol-1,3,4-trisphosphate 5/6-kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate and ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0007043 cell-cell junction assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a junction between cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0010496 intercellular transport Added DEFINITION The movement of substances between cells in a multicellular organism.
2007-12-27 GO:0033997 inulin fructotransferase (DFA-I-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Produces alpha-D-fructofuranose beta-D-fructofuranose 1,2':2,1'-dianhydride (DFA I) by successively eliminating the diminishing (2->1)-beta-D-fructan (inulin) chain from the terminal D-fructosyl-D-fructosyl disaccharide..
2007-12-27 GO:0033998 inulin fructotransferase (DFA-III-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Produces alpha-D-fructofuranose beta-D-fructofuranose 1,2':2,3'-dianhydride (DFA III) by successively eliminating the diminishing (2->1)-beta-D-fructan (inulin) chain from the terminal D-fructosyl-D-fructosyl disaccharide..
2007-12-27 GO:0055109 invagination involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The infolding of the epithelial sheet into the embryo involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0055110 involution involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The inturning of an epithelial sheet over the basal surface of an outer layer involved in deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0033952 iota-carrageenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages between D-galactose 4-sulfate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose-2-sulfate in iota-carrageenans.
2007-12-27 GO:0043623 cellular protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex, occurring at the level of an individual cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0009992 cellular water homeostasis Updated DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of water within a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0051131 chaperone-mediated protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex, mediated by chaperone molecules that do not form part of the finished complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0033614 chloroplast proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the chloroplast thylakoid membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0010478 chlororespiration Added DEFINITION A respiratory electron flow (from NAD(P)H to plastoquinone (PQ) and O2) involving both a nonphotochemical reduction and re-oxidation of PQ pool.
2007-12-27 GO:0033963 cholesterol-5,6-oxide hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 5,6alpha-epoxy-5alpha-cholestan-3beta-ol + H2O = cholestane-3beta-5alpha,6beta-triol.5,6beta-epoxy-5beta-cholestan-3beta-ol + H2O = cholestane-3beta-5alpha,6beta-triol.
2007-12-27 GO:0000494 box C/D snoRNA 3'-end processing Added DEFINITION Any process involved in forming the mature 3' end of a box C/D snoRNA molecule.
2007-12-27 GO:0033967 box C/D snoRNA metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving box C/D type small nucleolar RNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0000492 box C/D snoRNP assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and a box C/D snoRNA to form a box C/D small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNP) complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0000495 box H/ACA snoRNA 3'-end processing Added DEFINITION Any process involved in forming the mature 3' end of a box H/ACA snoRNA molecule.
2007-12-27 GO:0033979 box H/ACA snoRNA metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving box H/ACA type small nucleolar RNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0000493 box H/ACA snoRNP assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and a box H/ACA snoRNA to form a box H/ACA small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNP) complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0033933 branched-dextran exo-1,2-alpha-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,2-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages at the branch points of dextrans and related polysaccharides, producing free D-glucose.
2007-12-27 GO:0000249 C-22 sterol desaturase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the formation of the C-22(23) double bond in the sterol side chain. An example reaction is 5,7,24(28)-ergostatrienol + O2 + NADPH = 5,7,22,24(28)-ergostatetraenol + 2 H2O + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0022021 caudal ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of caudal ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033891 CC-preferring endodeoxyribonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage to give 5'-phosphooligonucleotide end-products, with a preference for cleavage within the sequence CC.
2007-12-27 GO:0060184 cell cycle switching Added DEFINITION The process by which a cell switches cell cycle mode.
2007-12-27 GO:0010190 cytochrome b6f complex assembly Updated DEFINITION Formation of cytochrome b6f complex, a complex that transfers electrons from reduced plastoquinone to oxidized plastocyanin and translocates protons from the stroma to the lumen, by the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of its constituents.
2007-12-27 GO:0017062 respiratory chain complex III assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the cytochrome bc(1) complex, a transmembrane lipoprotein complex that it catalyzes the reduction of cytochrome c by accepting reducing equivalents from Coenzyme Q, by the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of its constituents.
2007-12-27 GO:0017004 cytochrome complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a cytochrome.
2007-12-27 GO:0033962 cytoplasmic mRNA processing body assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and RNA molecules to form a cytoplasmic mRNA processing body.
2007-12-27 GO:0034025 D-aspartate ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + D-aspartate + [beta-GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n = [beta-GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-6-N-(beta-D-Asp)-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n + ADP + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033981 D-dopachrome decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-dopachrome = 5,6-dihydroxyindole + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033973 dCTP deaminase (dUMP-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: dCTP + 2 H2O = dUMP + diphosphate + NH3.
2007-12-27 GO:0033813 deacetylcephalosporin-C acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + deacetylcephalosporin C = CoA + cephalosporin C.
2007-12-27 GO:0055112 delamination involved in gastrulation with mouth forming second Added DEFINITION The splitting or migration of one epithelial sheet into two involved in the process of deuterostomic gastrulation.
2007-12-27 GO:0017084 delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate + ATP + NADPH = ADP + L-glutamate gamma-semialdehyde + NADP+ + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0000730 DNA recombinase assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) into higher order oligomers on single-stranded DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0022019 dorsal lateral ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of dorsal lateral ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033800 isoflavone 7-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 7-hydroxyisoflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 7-methoxyisoflavone.
2007-12-27 GO:0016992 lipoate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: protein N6-(octanoyl)lysine + 2 sulfur + 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine = protein N6-(lipoyl)lysine + 2 L-methionine + 2 5'-deoxyadenosyl.
2007-12-27 GO:0033819 lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: octanoyl-acyl-carrier-protein + protein = protein N6-(octanoyl)lysine + acyl carrier protein.
2007-12-27 GO:0010495 long-distance posttranscriptional gene silencing Added DEFINITION Any process that leads to the transmission of post-transcriptional gene silencing from one tissue to another within an organism, or the transmission of post-transcriptional gene silencing between tissues of two organisms.
2007-12-27 GO:0033802 isoliquiritigenin 2'-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + isoliquiritigenin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2'-O-methylisoliquiritigenin.
2007-12-27 GO:0034009 isoprene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: dimethylallyl diphosphate = isoprene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033834 kaempferol 3-O-galactosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-galactose + kaempferol = UDP + kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-galactoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033803 kaempferol 4'-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + kaempferol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + kaempferide.
2007-12-27 GO:0033918 kappa-carrageenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages between D-galactose 4-sulfate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose in kappa-carrageenans..
2007-12-27 GO:0033930 keratan-sulfate endo-1,4-beta-galactosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-galactosidic linkages in keratan sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0043616 keratinocyte proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Keratinocytes are epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo a characteristic change as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin.
2007-12-27 GO:0051382 kinetochore assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the kinetochore, a multisubunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of DNA and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033831 kojibiose phosphorylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-alpha-D-glucosyl-D-glucose + phosphate = D-glucose + beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034026 L-amino-acid alpha-ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + an L-amino acid + an L-amino acid = ADP + phosphate + L-aminoacyl-L-amino acid.
2007-12-27 GO:0034011 L-cysteate sulfo-lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-cysteate + H2O = pyruvate + bisulfite + NH3.
2007-12-27 GO:0034015 L-ribulose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-ribulose 5-phosphate = L-xylulose 5-phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033957 lambda-carrageenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of beta-1,4-linkages in the backbone of lambda-carrageenan, resulting in the tetrasaccharide alpha-D-Galp2,6S2-(1->3)-beta-D-Galp2S-(1->4)-alpha-D-Galp2,6S2-(1->3)-D-Galp2S.
2007-12-27 GO:0042140 late meiotic recombination nodule assembly Updated DEFINITION During meiosis, the aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of strand exchange proteins (recombinases) to form small, electron dense structures in association with meiotic chromosomes during pachytene. Involved in the catalysis crossing over.
2007-12-27 GO:0022018 lateral ganglionic eminence cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of lateral ganglionic eminence cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0033851 lavandulyl diphosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 dimethylallyl diphosphate = diphosphate + lavandulyl diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033996 levan fructotransferase (DFA-IV-forming) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Produces di-beta-D-fructofuranose 2,6':2',6-dianhydride (DFA IV) by successively eliminating the diminishing (2->6)-beta-D-fructan (levan) chain from the terminal D-fructosyl-D-fructosyl disaccharide..
2007-12-27 GO:0010493 Lewis a epitope biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a K antigen, a capsular polysaccharide antigen carried on the surface of bacterial capsules that masks somatic (O) antigens.
2007-12-27 GO:0031174 lifelong otolith mineralization Updated DEFINITION The formation and growth of otoliths throughout the life of the organism. Otoliths are the large extracellular ear-stones of the fish inner ear, produced by precipitation of specific crystal forms of calcium carbonate on organic matrices. The otolith enlarges throughout the life of the fish, as layers of calcium carbonate are added.
2007-12-27 GO:0033885 10-hydroxy-9-(phosphonooxy)octadecanoate phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (9S,10S)-10-hydroxy-9-(phosphonooxy)octadecanoate + H2O = (9S,10S)-9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoate + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034040 lipid-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + lipid(in) = ADP + phosphate + lipid(out).
2007-12-27 GO:0007058 spindle assembly involved in female meiosis II Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle during meiosis II of a meiotic cell cycle in females. As in, but not restricted to, the multicellular animals (Metazoa, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33208).
2007-12-27 GO:0007053 spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle during a meiotic cell cycle in males. As in, but not restricted to, the multicellular animals (Metazoa, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33208).
2007-12-27 GO:0051255 spindle midzone assembly Updated DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the spindle midzone. The spindle midzone is the area in the center of the spindle where the spindle microtubules from opposite poles overlap.
2007-12-27 GO:0000245 spliceosomal complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the spliceosome, a ribonucleoprotein apparatus that catalyzes nuclear mRNA splicing via transesterification reactions.
2007-12-27 GO:0010479 stele development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the stele over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The stele is the central column of primary vascular tissue in the root and any tissue that it surrounds.
2007-12-27 GO:0016229 steroid dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction in which one substrate is a sterol derivative.
2007-12-27 GO:0033765 steroid dehydrogenase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors Added DEFINITION Catalysis of an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction in which a CH-CH group acts as a hydrogen or electron donor and reduces a hydrogen or electron acceptor, and in which one substrate is a sterol derivative.
2007-12-27 GO:0033764 steroid dehydrogenase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor Added DEFINITION Catalysis of an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction in which a CH-OH group acts as a hydrogen or electron donor and reduces NAD+ or NADP, and in which one substrate is a sterol derivative.
2007-12-27 GO:0006463 steroid hormone receptor complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a steroid hormone receptor complex, an intracellular receptor that binds steroid hormones. The complex is often a dimer, and forms after the steroid has bound the receptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0034041 sterol-transporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + sterol(in) = ADP + phosphate + sterol(out).
2007-12-27 GO:0010494 cytoplasmic stress granule Added DEFINITION A dense aggregation in the cytosol composed of proteins and RNAs that appear when the cell is under stress.
2007-12-27 GO:0014855 striated muscle cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of striated muscle cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Striated muscles contain fibers that are divided by transverse bands into striations, and cardiac and skeletal muscle are types of striated muscle.
2007-12-27 GO:0022012 subpallium cell proliferation in forebrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of subpallium cells in the forebrain, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0035172 hemocyte proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of hemocytes, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Hemocytes are blood cells associated with a hemocoel (the cavity containing most of the major organs of the arthropod body) which are involved in defense and clotting of hemolymph, but not involved in transport of oxygen.
2007-12-27 GO:0033786 heptose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-beta-D-heptose-1-phosphate + ATP = ADP-D-glycero-D-manno-heptose.
2007-12-27 GO:0033785 heptose 7-phosphate kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-alpha,beta-D-heptose-7-phosphate + ATP = D-beta-D-heptose-1,7-bisphosphate + ADP.
2007-12-27 GO:0034113 heterotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION The attachment of a cell to a cell of a different type via adhesion molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033827 high-mannose-oligosaccharide beta-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers an N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residue from UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to the 4-position of a mannose linked alpha-1,6 to the core mannose of high-mannose oligosaccharides produced by Dictyostelium discoideum.
2007-12-27 GO:0034109 homotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION The attachment of a cell to a second cell of the identical type via adhesion molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033878 hormone-sensitive lipase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: diacylglycerol + H2O = monoacylglycerol + a carboxylate, triacylglycerol + H2O = diacylglycerol + a carboxylate, and monoacylglycerol + H2O = glycerol + a carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034050 host programmed cell death induced by symbiont Added DEFINITION Cell death in a host resulting from activation of host endogenous cellular processes after direct or indirect interaction with a symbiont (defined as the smaller of two, or more, organisms engaged in symbiosis, a close interaction encompassing mutualism through parasitism). An example of direct interaction is contact with penetrating hyphae of a fungus; an example of indirect interaction is encountering symbiont-secreted molecules.
2007-12-27 GO:0033906 hyaluronoglucuronidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,3-linkages between beta-D-glucuronate and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in hyaluronate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033971 hydroxyisourate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxyisourate + H2O = 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033833 hydroxymethylfurfural reductase (NADH) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural + NADH + H+ = 2,5-bis-hydroxymethylfuran + NAD+.
2007-12-27 GO:0000215 tRNA 2'-phosphotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2'-phospho-[ligated tRNA] + NAD+ = mature tRNA + ADP ribose 1'',2''-phosphate + nicotinamide + H2O; transfers the splice junction 2-phosphate from ligated tRNA to NAD+ to produce ADP-ribose 1'-2' cyclic phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0017150 tRNA dihydrouridine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tRNA-uracil + acceptor = tRNA-dihydrouridine + reduced acceptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0010489 UDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-glucose-3,5-epimerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-4-keto-6-deoxyglucose -> UDP-4-keto-rhamnose.
2007-12-27 GO:0010490 UDP-4-keto-rhamnose-4-keto-reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-4-keto-rhamnose + NADPH -> UDP-rhamnose + NADP+.
2007-12-27 GO:0010488 UDP-galactose:N-glycan beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-galactose + N-glycan = galactose-beta-1,3-N-glycan + UDP.
2007-12-27 GO:0033862 UMP kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + UMP = ADP + UDP.
2007-12-27 GO:0010491 UTP:arabinose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: alpha-L-arabinose 1-phosphate + UTP = UDP-L-arabinose + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0050674 urothelial cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of urothelial cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population. Urothelial cells make up a layer of transitional epithelium in the wall of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis, external to the lamina propria.
2007-12-27 GO:0051748 UTP-monosaccharide-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UTP + a monosaccharide 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-monosaccharide.
2007-12-27 GO:0007371 ventral midline determination Updated DEFINITION The regionalization process by which the area where the ventral furrow will begin invagination is specified.
2007-12-27 GO:0060116 vestibular receptor cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that alters the size or shape of a vestibular receptor cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0034003 vetispiradiene synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate = vetispiradiene + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033801 vitexin 2''-O-rhamnoside 7-O-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + vitexin 2''-O-beta-L-rhamnoside = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 7-O-methylvitexin 2''-O-beta-L-rhamnoside.
2007-12-27 GO:0033914 xylan 1,3-beta-xylosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of successive xylose residues from the non-reducing termini of 1,3-beta-D-xylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033939 xylan alpha-1,2-glucuronosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of alpha-D-1,2-(4-O-methyl)glucuronosyl links in the main chain of hardwood xylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033905 xylan endo-1,3-beta-xylosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: random hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glycosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-xylans.
2007-12-27 GO:0033826 xyloglucan 4-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers a beta-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose on to a glucose residue in xyloglucan, forming a beta-1,4-D-glucosyl-D-glucose linkage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033843 xyloglucan 6-xylosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers an alpha-D-xylosyl residue from UDP-D-xylose to a glucose residue in xyloglucan, forming an alpha-1,6-D-xylosyl-D-glucose linkage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033946 xyloglucan-specific endo-beta-1,4-glucanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: xyloglucan + H2O = xyloglucan oligosaccharides (endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in xyloglucan).
2007-12-27 GO:0033950 xyloglucan-specific exo-beta-1,4-glucanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: xyloglucan + H2O = xyloglucan oligosaccharides (exohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in xyloglucan).
2007-12-27 GO:0033850 Z-farnesyl diphosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + (2Z,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033871 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033872 [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 3 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a nucleosome, the beadlike structural units of eukaryotic chromatin composed of histones and DNA.
2007-12-27 GO:0006294 nucleotide-excision repair, preincision complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on DNA to form the multiprotein complex involved in damage recognition, DNA helix unwinding, and endonucleolytic cleavage at the site of DNA damage. This assembly occurs before the phosphodiester backbone of the damaged strand is cleaved 3' and 5' of the site of DNA damage.
2007-12-27 GO:0033847 O-phosphoserine sulfhydrylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: O-phospho-L-serine + hydrogen sulfide = L-cysteine + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033825 oligosaccharide 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Transfers the non-reducing terminal alpha-D-glucose residue from a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to the 4-position of an alpha-D-glucan, thus bringing about the hydrolysis of oligosaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033951 oligosaccharide reducing-end xylanase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylose residues from the reducing end of oligosaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0033935 oligoxyloglucan beta-glycosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic links in oligoxyloglucans so as to remove successive isoprimeverose (i.e. alpha-xylo-1,6-beta-D-glucosyl-) residues from the non-reducing chain ends.
2007-12-27 GO:0033945 oligoxyloglucan reducing-end-specific cellobiohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of cellobiose from the reducing end of xyloglucans consisting of a beta-1,4-linked glucan carrying alpha-D-xylosyl groups on O-6 of the glucose residues. To be a substrate, the first residue must be unsubstituted, the second residue may bear a xylosyl group, whether further glycosylated or not, and the third residue, which becomes the new terminus by the action of the enzyme, is preferably xylosylated, but this xylose residue must not be further substituted..
2007-12-27 GO:0033687 osteoblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of osteoblasts, resulting in the expansion of an osteoblast cell population. An osteoblast is a bone-forming cell which secretes an extracellular matrix. Hydroxyapatite crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
2007-12-27 GO:0031173 otolith mineralization completed early in development Updated DEFINITION The formation of otoliths during embryogenesis with completion in early postembryonic development. Formation occurs by precipitation of specific crystal forms of calcium carbonate around an organic core of extracellular matrix proteins. Otoconia (otoliths) are small (~10 micron) dense extracellular particles present in the otolith end organs of the vertebrate inner ear.
2007-12-27 GO:0060186 outer ear emergence Added DEFINITION The growth of the outer ear.
2007-12-27 GO:0060185 outer ear unfolding Added DEFINITION The opening and spreading out of the outer ear.
2007-12-27 GO:0022013 pallium cell proliferation in forebrain Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of pallium cells in the forebrain, resulting in the expansion of the cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0017159 pantetheine hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (R)-pantetheine + H2O = (R)-pantothenate + 2-aminoethanethiol.
2007-12-27 GO:0033922 peptidoglycan beta-N-acetylmuramidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing N-acetylmuramic residues.
2007-12-27 GO:0033873 petromyzonol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + 5alpha-cholan-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-tetrol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + 5alpha-cholan-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-triol 24-sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0018814 phenylacetaldoxime dehydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (Z)-phenylacetaldehyde oxime = phenylacetonitrile + H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0033880 phenylacetyl-CoA hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phenylglyoxylyl-CoA + H2O = phenylglyoxylate + CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033884 phosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: O-phosphoethanolamine + H2O = ethanolamine + phosphate and phosphocholine + H2O = choline + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0051752 phosphoglucan, water dikinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + [phospho-alpha-glucan] + H2O = AMP + O-phospho-[phospho-alpha-glucan] + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0008970 phosphatidylcholine 1-acylhydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phosphatidylcholine + H2O = 2-acylglycerophosphocholine + a carboxylate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033980 phosphonopyruvate decarboxylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-phosphonopyruvate = 2-phosphonoacetaldehyde + CO2.
2007-12-27 GO:0033978 phosphonopyruvate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-phosphonopyruvate + H2O = pyruvate + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0048564 photosystem I assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a photosystem I complex on the thylakoid membrane.
2007-12-27 GO:0009944 polarity specification of adaxial/abaxial axis Updated DEFINITION The process resulting in the establishment of polarity along the adaxial/abaxial axis. Adaxial refers to being situated toward an axis of an anatomical structure. Abaxial refers to being situated away from an axis of an anatomical structure.
2007-12-27 GO:0010483 pollen tube reception Added DEFINITION Interaction between the pollen tube, part of the male gametophyte, and the ovule, part of the female gametophyte, that results in the arrest of pollen tube growth, rupture of the pollen tube and the release of the sperm cells.
2007-12-27 GO:0034046 poly(G) binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a sequence of guanine residues in an RNA molecule.
2007-12-27 GO:0034016 polyenoic fatty acid isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-eicosapentaenoate = (5Z,7E,8E,14Z,17Z)-eicosapentaenoate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033936 polymannuronate hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endohydrolysis of the D-mannuronide linkages of polymannuronate.
2007-12-27 GO:0045787 positive regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034120 positive regulation of erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte aggregation.
2007-12-27 GO:0034108 positive regulation of erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte clearance.
2007-12-27 GO:0033882 choloyl-CoA hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: choloyl-CoA + H2O = cholate + CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0033887 chondro-4-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate + H2O = 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033888 chondro-6-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 6-sulfate + H2O = 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl-(1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + sulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033999 chondroitin B lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Eliminative cleavage of dermatan sulfate containing 1,4-beta-D-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucurosonyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages to disaccharides containing 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups to yield a 4,5-unsaturated dermatan-sulfate disaccharide (DeltaUA-GalNAC-4S)..
2007-12-27 GO:0034000 chondroitin-sulfate-ABC endolyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Endolytic cleavage of beta-1,4-galactosaminic bonds between N-acetylgalactosamine and either D-glucuronic acid or L-iduronic acid to produce a mixture of Delta4-unsaturated oligosaccharides of different sizes that are ultimately degraded to Delta4-unsaturated tetra- and disaccharides.
2007-12-27 GO:0034001 chondroitin-sulfate-ABC exolyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Exolytic cleavage of disaccharide residues from the non-reducing ends of both polymeric chondroitin sulfates and their oligosaccharide fragments.
2007-12-27 GO:0008813 chorismate lyase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: chorismate = 4-hydroxybenzoate + pyruvate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033849 chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 dimethylallyl diphosphate = diphosphate + chrysanthemyl diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033961 cis-stilbene-oxide hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-stilbene oxide + H2O = (+)-(1R,2R)-1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-diol.
2007-12-27 GO:0016882 cyclo-ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the ligation of two substances via a carbon-nitrogen bond to form a heterocyclic product, with concomitant breakage of a diphosphate linkage, usually in a nucleoside triphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0006267 pre-replicative complex assembly involved in nuclear cell cycle DNA replication Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the pre-replicative complex, multiprotein complex that forms at eukaryotic DNA replication origins during late M phase; its presence is required for replication initiation.
2007-12-27 GO:0033972 proclavaminate amidinohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: amidinoproclavaminate + H2O = proclavaminate + urea.
2007-12-27 GO:0033823 procollagen glucosyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucose + 5-(D-galactosyloxy)-L-lysine-procollagen = UDP + 1,2-D-glucosyl-5-D-(galactosyloxy)-L-lysine-procollagen.
2007-12-27 GO:0033814 propanoyl-CoA C-acyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholanoyl-CoA + propanoyl-CoA = CoA + 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-24-oxo-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0010498 proteasomal protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds that is mediated by the proteasome.
2007-12-27 GO:0010499 proteasomal ubiquitin-independent protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds that is mediated by the proteasome but do not involve ubiquitin.
2007-12-27 GO:0043248 proteasome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a mature, active proteasome complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0018419 protein catenane formation Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a protein structure comprising two or more rings that are interlocked but not covalently joined; resembling the links of a chain.
2007-12-27 GO:0006461 protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0000059 protein import into nucleus, docking Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the nuclear localization signal of a protein with nuclear envelope proteins such as importins.
2007-12-27 GO:0065006 protein-carbohydrate complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and carbohydrates to form a protein-carbohydrate complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0065004 protein-DNA complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and DNA molecules to form a protein-DNA complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0065005 protein-lipid complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and lipids to form a protein-DNA complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0022618 ribonucleoprotein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins and RNA molecules to form a ribonucleoprotein complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0043461 proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase (also known as F-type ATPase), a two-sector ATPase found in the inner membrane of mitochondria and chloroplasts, and in bacterial plasma membranes.
2007-12-27 GO:0034033 purine nucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a purine nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034034 purine nucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a purine nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034032 purine nucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a purine nucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a deoxyribose or ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034036 purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034037 purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034035 purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033883 pyridoxal phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + H2O = pyridoxal + phosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033856 pyridoxine 5'-phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + 3-amino-2-oxopropyl phosphate = pyridoxine 5'-phosphate + phosphate + 2 H2O.
2007-12-27 GO:0034008 R-linalool synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate + H2O = (3R)-linalool + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0000821 regulation of arginine metabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving arginine, 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid.
2007-12-27 GO:0051726 regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0022604 regulation of cell morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cell morphogenesis. Cell morphogenesis is any process that modulates the size or shape of a cell.
2007-12-27 GO:0010482 regulation of epidermal cell division Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the physical partitioning and separation of an epidermal cell into daughter cells. An epidermal cell is any of the cells that make up the epidermis.
2007-12-27 GO:0034118 regulation of erythrocyte aggregation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte aggregation.
2007-12-27 GO:0034106 regulation of erythrocyte clearance Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of erythrocyte clearance.
2007-12-27 GO:0010470 regulation of gastrulation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate or extent of gastrulation. Gastrulation is the complex and coordinated series of cellular movements that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development of most animals.
2007-12-27 GO:0000820 regulation of glutamine family amino acid metabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2007-12-27 GO:0034114 regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0034110 regulation of homotypic cell-cell adhesion Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of homotypic cell-cell adhesion.
2007-12-27 GO:0051445 regulation of meiotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the rate or extent of progression through the meiotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033860 regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the activity of the enzyme NAD(P)H oxidase.
2007-12-27 GO:0010363 regulation of plant-type hypersensitive response Updated DEFINITION Any endogenous process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the plant hypersensitive response.
2007-12-27 GO:0007347 regulation of preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION A cell cycle process that modulates the rate or extent of the progression through the preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0033877 succinyl-CoA:(R)-benzylsuccinate CoA-transferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinyl-CoA + (R)-2-benzylsuccinate = succinate + (R)-2-benzylsuccinyl-CoA.
2007-12-27 GO:0034010 sulfolactate sulfo-lyase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-sulfolactate = pyruvate + bisulfite.
2007-12-27 GO:0033768 SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase complex Added DEFINITION A nuclear ubiquitin ligase complex that specifically targets SUMOylated proteins; the complex is formed of homodimers or heterodimers of RNF4 family ubiquitin ligases and is conserved in eukaryotes.
2007-12-27 GO:0042098 T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a T cell population by cell division. Follows T cell activation.
2007-12-27 GO:0002309 T cell proliferation involved in immune response Updated DEFINITION The expansion of a T cell population by cell division during an immune response.
2007-12-27 GO:0022032 telencephalon oligodendrocyte cell migration Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of telencephalon oligodendrocyte cells, resulting in the expansion of a cell population.
2007-12-27 GO:0014804 terminal cisterna lumen Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner and outer lipid bilayers of the terminal cisterna envelope. This space is enriched in calsequestrin.
2007-12-27 GO:0006393 termination of mitochondrial transcription Updated DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule using a mitochondrial DNA template is completed.
2007-12-27 GO:0045884 regulation of survival gene product expression Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of survival gene product expression; survival gene products are those that antagonize the apoptotic program. Regulation can be at the transcriptional, translational, or posttranslational level.
2007-12-27 GO:0007348 regulation of syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION A cell cycle process that modulates the rate or extent of the progression through the syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2007-12-27 GO:0034103 regulation of tissue remodeling Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of tissue remodeling.
2007-12-27 GO:0000712 resolution of meiotic recombination intermediates Updated DEFINITION The cleavage and rejoining of Holliday junctions formed during meiotic recombination to produce two intact molecules in which genetic material has been exchanged.
2007-12-27 GO:0008535 respiratory chain complex IV assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase), the terminal member of the respiratory chain of the mitochondrion and some aerobic bacteria. Cytochrome c oxidases are multi-subunit enzymes containing from 13 subunits in the mammalian mitochondrial form to 3-4 subunits in the bacterial forms.
2007-12-27 GO:0014076 response to fluoxetine Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a fluoxetine stimulus. Fluoxetine increases the extracellular level of the neurotransmitter serotonin by inhibiting its reuptake into the presynaptic cell, increasing the level of serotonin available to bind to the postsynaptic receptor.
2007-12-27 GO:0033762 response to glucagon Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a glucagon stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0033993 response to lipid Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a lipid stimulus.
2007-12-27 GO:0006363 termination of RNA polymerase I transcription Updated DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase I using a DNA template is completed; typically occurs within U-rich regions.
2007-12-27 GO:0006369 termination of RNA polymerase II transcription Updated DEFINITION The process by which the synthesis of an RNA molecule by RNA polymerase II using a DNA template is completed.
2007-12-27 GO:0010487 thermospermine synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosylmethioninamine + spermidine = 5'-methylthioadenosine + thermospermine.
2007-12-27 GO:0033870 thiol sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a thiol = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + an S-alkyl thiosulfate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033852 thyroid-hormone transaminase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-3,5,3'-triiodothyronine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3-[4-(4-hydroxy-3-iodophenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenyl]-2-oxopropanoate + L-glutamate.
2007-12-27 GO:0034017 trans-2-decenoyl-acyl-carrier-protein isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: trans-dec-2-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein = cis-dec-3-enoyl-acyl-carrier-protein.
2007-12-27 GO:0051123 RNA polymerase II transcriptional preinitiation complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of proteins on promoter DNA to form the transcriptional preinitiation complex (PIC), the formation of which is a prerequisite for transcription from the RNA polymerase II promoter.
2007-12-27 GO:0007181 transforming growth factor beta receptor complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a type II transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) receptor dimer with a type I TGFbeta receptor dimer, following ligand binding, to form a heterotetrameric TGFbeta receptor complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0010500 transmitting tissue development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the transmitting tract over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The transmitting tissue is the tissue in the style of a carpel through which the pollen tube grows; it connects the stigma and the inside of ovary.
2007-12-27 GO:0045462 trichothecene 3-O-acetyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the 3-O-acetylation of a trichothecene. Trichothecenes are sesquiterpene epoxide mycotoxins that act as potent inhibitors of eukaryotic protein synthesis.
2007-12-27 GO:0033900 ribonuclease F activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of RNA precursor into two, leaving 5'-hydroxy and 3'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0033893 ribonuclease IV activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of poly(A) to fragments terminated by 3'-hydroxy and 5'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0033896 ribonuclease IX activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of poly(U) or poly(C) to fragments terminated by 3'-hydroxy and 5'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0033894 ribonuclease P4 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of RNA, removing 3'-extranucleotides from tRNA precursor.
2007-12-27 GO:0033897 ribonuclease T2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: two-stage endonucleolytic cleavage to nucleoside 3'-phosphates and 3'-phosphooligonucleotides with 2',3'-cyclic phosphate intermediates.
2007-12-27 GO:0033899 ribonuclease U2 activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: two-stage endonucleolytic cleavage to nucleoside 3'-phosphates and 3'-phosphooligonucleotides ending in Ap or Gp with 2',3'-cyclic phosphate intermediates.
2007-12-27 GO:0033901 ribonuclease V activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of poly(A), forming oligoribonucleotides and ultimately 3'-AMP.
2007-12-27 GO:0033895 ribonuclease [poly-(U)-specific] activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: endonucleolytic cleavage of poly(U) to fragments terminated by 3'-hydroxy and 5'-phosphate groups.
2007-12-27 GO:0034030 ribonucleoside bisphosphate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0034031 ribonucleoside bisphosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033875 ribonucleoside bisphosphate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a ribonucleoside bisphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with one phosphate group attached to each of two different hydroxyl groups on its glycose moiety.
2007-12-27 GO:0033863 ribose 1,5-bisphosphate phosphokinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + ribose 1,5-bisphosphate = ADP + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0000027 ribosomal large subunit assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of constituent RNAs and proteins to form and maintain the large ribosomal subunit.
2007-12-27 GO:0000028 ribosomal small subunit assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of constituent RNAs and proteins to form and maintain the small ribosomal subunit.
2007-12-27 GO:0042257 ribosomal subunit assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of constituent RNAs and proteins to form ribosomal subunits.
2007-12-27 GO:0042255 ribosome assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the mature ribosome and of its subunits.
2007-12-27 GO:0003969 RNA editase activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2007-12-27 GO:0010501 RNA secondary structure unwinding Added DEFINITION The process by which a secondary structure of RNA are broken or 'melted'.
2007-12-27 GO:0034057 RNA strand-exchange activity Added DEFINITION Facilitates the displacement of one strand of an RNA-RNA duplex and its replacement with a different strand of higher complementarity.
2007-12-27 GO:0033902 rRNA endonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the phosphodiester linkage between guanosine and adenosine residues at one specific position in 28S rRNA from rat ribosomes.
2007-12-27 GO:0034007 S-linalool synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: geranyl diphosphate + H2O = (3S)-linalool + diphosphate.
2007-12-27 GO:0033805 sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sarcosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N,N-dimethylglycine.S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N,N-dimethylglycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + betaine.
2007-12-27 GO:0014841 skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of satellite cells, resulting in the expansion of the cell population. Satellite cells are quiescent cells that are located between the basal lamina and the plasmalemma of the muscle fibre, which are the main contributors to postnatal muscle growth. In adult muscle, satellite cells become activated to divide and differentiate in response to muscle damage.
2007-12-27 GO:0010265 SCF complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a set of components to form the SKP1-Cullin/Cdc53-F-box protein ubiquitin ligase (SCF) complex.
2007-12-27 GO:0014010 Schwann cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of Schwann cells, resulting in the expansion of their population. Schwann cells are a type of glial cell in the peripheral nervous system.
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