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GO Term History: Displaying 498 audit records for all terms for the date 2007-10-25

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-10-25 GO:0032570 response to progesterone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a progesterone stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032526 response to retinoic acid Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a retinoic acid stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033574 response to testosterone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a testosterone stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032571 response to vitamin K Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a vitamin K stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033583 rhabdomere membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding the rhabdomere.
2007-10-25 GO:0032549 ribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a ribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine or pyrimidine nitrogenous base linked to ribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032553 ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a ribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0033592 RNA strand annealing activity Added DEFINITION Facilitates the base-pairing of complementary single-stranded RNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0008384 IkappaB kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + IkappaB protein = ADP + IkappaB phosphoprotein.
2007-10-25 GO:0010450 inflorescence meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an inflorescence meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant shoot which produces small leaves and then floral meristems, which will give rise to flowers.
2007-10-25 GO:0002030 inhibitory G-protein coupled receptor phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process that inhibits the signaling function of a G-protein coupled receptor by addition of a phosphate group to its third intracellular loop consensu thes site.
2007-10-25 GO:0046853 obsolete inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into inositol or an inositol derivative. Inositol is the cyclic alcohol 1,2,3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexol, which is widely distributed in nature and acts as a growth factor in animals and microorganisms.
2007-10-25 GO:0046855 inositol phosphate dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing a phosphate group from any mono- or polyphosphorylated inositol.
2007-10-25 GO:0032593 insulin-responsive compartment Added DEFINITION A small membrane-bounded vesicle that releases its contents by exocytosis in response to insulin stimulation; the contents are enriched in GLUT4, IRAP and VAMP2.
2007-10-25 GO:0045203 integral component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the external outer membrane of the cell. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031357 integral component of chloroplast inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the chloroplast inner membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031359 integral component of chloroplast outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the chloroplast outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031165 integral component of contractile vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the contractile vacuolar membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031303 integral component of endosome membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the endosome membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0030173 integral component of Golgi membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the Golgi complex membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031305 integral component of mitochondrial inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the mitochondrial inner membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0032592 integral component of mitochondrial membrane Added DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the mitochondrial membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031307 integral component of mitochondrial outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the mitochondrial outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0005639 integral component of nuclear inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the nuclear inner membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031309 integral component of nuclear outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the nuclear outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031166 integral component of vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the vacuolar membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0042504 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042506 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033608 formyl-CoA transferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction formyl-CoA + oxalate = formate + oxalyl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0030582 fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fruiting body over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A fruiting body is a multicellular structure that contains spores.
2007-10-25 GO:0030583 myxococcal fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fruiting body over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The process begins when cells respond to a lack of nutrients in the environment and ends when the fruiting body is a mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0055084 fruiting body development in response to starvation Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fruiting body over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The process begins with a response to a lack of nutrients and ends when the fruiting body is a mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0043877 galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-galactosamine 6-phosphate + H2O = D-tagatose 6-phosphate + NH3.
2007-10-25 GO:0033566 gamma-tubulin complex localization Added DEFINITION The processes by which a gamma-tubulin complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2007-10-25 GO:0032568 general transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION The basal, non-specifically regulated synthesis of RNA from a DNA template by RNA polymerase II (Pol II), originating at a Pol II-specific promoter. Mediated by core RNA polymerase II and a set of general transcription factors; in Saccharomyces five transcription factors are necessary and sufficient for such basal transcription.
2007-10-25 GO:0000477 generation of mature 5'-end of LSU-rRNA from tricistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Added DEFINITION Cleavage within ITS2 to generate the mature 5'-end of an LSU-rRNA derived from a tricistronic rRNA transcript that contained the Small SubUnit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, and the Large SubUnit (LSU) rRNA, in that order, from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript.
2007-10-25 GO:0043897 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides so as to remove successive alpha-maltose residues from the non-reducing ends of the chains.
2007-10-25 GO:0043896 glucan 1,6-alpha-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of (1->6)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in (1->6)-alpha-D-glucans and derived oligosaccharides.
2007-10-25 GO:0006009 glucose 1-phosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into glucose 1-phosphate to produce glucose bisphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0043891 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+) (phosphorylating) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD(P)+ = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NAD(P)H + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0043878 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+) (non-phosphorylating) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + NAD+ + H2O = 3-phospho-D-glycerate + NADH + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0043879 glycolate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of glycolate from one side of a membrane to the other. Glycolate is the smallest alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA).
2007-10-25 GO:0032580 Golgi cisterna membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding any of the thin, flattened compartments that form the central portion of the Golgi complex.
2007-10-25 GO:0032584 growth cone membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a growth cone.
2007-10-25 GO:0032560 guanyl deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a guanyl deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of guanosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0032561 guanyl ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a guanyl ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of guanosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0010441 guard cell development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the guard cell over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0010052 guard cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby a guard mother cell acquires the specialized features of a guard cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0010442 guard cell morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation and organization of the polarized cell that is capable of turgor driven movement.
2007-10-25 GO:0010444 guard mother cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process by which a meristemoid acquires the specialized features of a guard mother cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0052331 hemolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The cytolytic destruction of red blood cells, with the release of intracellular hemoglobin, in one organism by another, where two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0019836 hemolysis by symbiont of host erythrocytes Updated DEFINITION The cytolytic destruction of red blood cells, with the release of intracellular hemoglobin, in the host organism by a symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033573 high-affinity iron permease complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of a multicopper ferroxidase that oxidizes Fe(II) to Fe(III), and a ferric iron permease that transports the produced Fe(III) into the cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0016576 histone dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The modification of histones by removal of phosphate groups.
2007-10-25 GO:0016572 histone phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The modification of histones by addition of phosphate groups.
2007-10-25 GO:0033652 host cell chloroplast Added DEFINITION A chlorophyll-containing plastid as found within host cells with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033653 host cell chloroplast part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of a chloroplast as it is found in host cells and which are a chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033654 host cell chloroplast thylakoid membrane Added DEFINITION Any sac-like membranous structures (cisternae) in a chloroplast found in host cells, combined into stacks (grana) and present singly in the stroma (stroma thylakoids or frets) as interconnections between grana. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033655 host cell cytoplasm part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of the host cell cytoplasm, all of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033645 host cell endomembrane system Added DEFINITION A collection of membranous structures involved in transport within the host cell. The main components of the endomembrane system are endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, vesicles, cell membrane and nuclear envelope. Members of the endomembrane system pass materials through each other or though the use of vesicles. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033644 host cell membrane Added DEFINITION Double layer of lipid molecules as it encloses host cells, and, in eukaryotes, many organelles; may be a single or double lipid bilayer; also includes associated proteins. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033650 host cell mitochondrion Added DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle as found in host cells that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cell cytoplasm. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0008535 respiratory chain complex IV assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase), the terminal member of the respiratory chain of the mitochondrion and some aerobic bacteria. Cytochrome c oxidases are multi-subunit enzymes containing from 13 subunits in the mammalian mitochondrial form to 3-4 subunits in the bacterial forms.
2007-10-25 GO:0010447 response to acidic pH Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus with pH < 7.
2007-10-25 GO:0010446 response to alkaline pH Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus with pH > 7.
2007-10-25 GO:0033590 response to cobalamin Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cobalamin (vitamin B12) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0043330 response to exogenous dsRNA Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an exogenous double-stranded RNA stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033595 response to genistein Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a genistein stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033594 response to hydroxyisoflavone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydroxyisoflavone stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033591 response to L-ascorbic acid Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032572 response to menaquinone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a menaquinone (vitamin K2) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032573 response to phylloquinone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a phylloquinone (vitamin K1) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032586 protein storage vacuole membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a protein storage vacuole.
2007-10-25 GO:0008320 protein transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a protein from one side of a membrane to the other.
2007-10-25 GO:0032596 protein transport into membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein into a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0032599 protein transport out of membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein out of a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0032594 protein transport within lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein within a lipid bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0051603 proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein during the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by individual cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0043461 proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase (also known as F-type ATPase), a two-sector ATPase found in the inner membrane of mitochondria and chloroplasts, and in bacterial plasma membranes.
2007-10-25 GO:0032547 purine deoxyribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine deoxyribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine base linked to deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032554 purine deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a purine deoxyribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0001883 purine nucleoside binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine nucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine base linked either to ribose or deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032550 purine ribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine ribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine base linked to ribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032555 purine ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a purine ribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0031925 pyridoxal transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of pyridoxal across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Pyridoxal, 3-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, is one of the vitamin B6 compounds. Pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine are collectively known as vitamin B6, and are efficiently converted to the biologically active form of vitamin B6, pyridoxal phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032548 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0031350 intrinsic component of plastid membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a plastid membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031354 intrinsic component of plastid outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a plastid outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031360 intrinsic component of thylakoid membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a thylakoid membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031310 intrinsic component of vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the vacuolar membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0007258 JUN phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a JUN protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033586 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process from chorismate via L-arogenate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate L-arogenate.
2007-10-25 GO:0010449 root meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of a root meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant root which maintains a continuous balance between the production of stem cells and the incorporation of their derivatives into the growth of the root.
2007-10-25 GO:0032587 ruffle membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a ruffle.
2007-10-25 GO:0042501 serine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a serine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033136 serine phosphorylation of STAT3 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a serine residue of the STAT3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033587 shikimate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of shikimate, (3R,4S,5R)--3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxylate, the anion of shikimic acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0019633 shikimate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of shikimate, (3R,4S,5R)--3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxylate, the anion of shikimic acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0019632 shikimate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving shikimate, (3R,4S,5R)--3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxylate, the anion of shikimic acid. It is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids.
2007-10-25 GO:0032523 silicon efflux transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of silicon from the inside of the cell to the outside of the cell across a membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031153 slug development involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the slug over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Slug development begins when the aggregate rises upwards to form a finger-shaped structure and ends when culmination begins. Slug development takes place during sorocarp development.
2007-10-25 GO:0033562 co-transcriptional gene silencing by RNA interference machinery Added DEFINITION A process by which the targeting of nascent transcripts by the RITS complex mediates chromatin modifications and promotes the degradation of nascent transcripts synthesized in heterochromatic regions.
2007-10-25 GO:0016074 snoRNA metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving snoRNA, small nucleolar RNA, any of a class of small RNAs that are associated with the eukaryotic nucleus as components of small nucleolar ribonucleoproteins. They participate in the processing or modifications of many RNAs, mostly ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) though snoRNAs are also known to target other classes of RNA, including spliceosomal RNAs, tRNAs, and mRNAs via a stretch of sequence that is complementary to a sequence in the targeted RNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0033607 SOD1-Bcl-2 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex formed of superoxide dismutase 1 and Bcl-2. Complex formation is thought to link superoxide dismutase to an apoptotic pathway.
2007-10-25 GO:0032517 SOD1-calcineurin complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex formed by the association of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) with calcineurin; complex formation is implicated in activation of calcineurin by SOD1.
2007-10-25 GO:0032525 somite rostral/caudal axis specification Added DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of the rostro-caudal axis of a somite, prior to the morphological formation of a somite boundary.
2007-10-25 GO:0030587 sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the sorocarp over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The process begins with the aggregation of individual cells and ends with the mature sorocarp. The sorocarp is a structure containing a spore-bearing sorus that sits on top of a stalk.
2007-10-25 GO:0031288 sorocarp morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process by which the sorocarp is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-10-25 GO:0031149 sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sorocarp stalk cell, any of the cellulose-covered cells that form the stalk of a sorocarp.
2007-10-25 GO:0031150 sorocarp stalk development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the sorocarp stalk over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The sorocarp stalk is a tubular structure that consists of cellulose-covered cells stacked on top of each other and surrounded by an acellular stalk tube composed of cellulose and glycoprotein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042025 host cell nucleus Updated DEFINITION A membrane-bounded organelle as it is found in the host cell in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033643 host cell part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of a host cell. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033651 host cell plastid Added DEFINITION Any member of a family of organelles as found in the cytoplasm of host cells, which are membrane-bounded and contain DNA. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033648 host intracellular membrane-bounded organelle Added DEFINITION Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, as found in host cells, bounded by a single or double lipid bilayer membrane and occurring within the cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, and vesicles. Excludes the plasma membrane. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033647 host intracellular organelle Added DEFINITION Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, occurring within the host cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, vesicles, ribosomes and the cytoskeleton. Excludes the plasma membrane. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033646 host intracellular part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of the living contents of a host cell; the matter contained within (but not including) the plasma membrane, usually taken to exclude large vacuoles and masses of secretory or ingested material. In eukaryotes it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032537 host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION The specific actions or reactions of an organism that are associated with finding a host organism; may include behavioral responses to light, temperature, or chemical emanations from the prospective host.
2007-10-25 GO:0033503 HULC complex Updated DEFINITION A ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme complex that contains two RING finger proteins, which have ubiquitin ligase activity, in addition to a protein with ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme activity; catalyzes the ubiquitination of histone H2B at lysine 119 (or the equivalent residue). In Schizosaccharomyces the subunits are Rhp1, Brl2/Rfp1 and Brl1/Rfp2.
2007-10-25 GO:0016799 hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing N-glycosyl compounds Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of any N-glycosyl bond.
2007-10-25 GO:0042370 thiamine diphosphate dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The removal of one or more phosphate groups from thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2007-10-25 GO:0032588 trans-Golgi network membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding any of the compartments that make up the trans-Golgi network.
2007-10-25 GO:0033613 activating transcription factor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a transcription activator, any protein whose activity is required to initiate or upregulate transcription.
2007-10-25 GO:0033570 transferrin transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of transferrin from one side of a membrane to the other.
2007-10-25 GO:0033572 transferrin transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of transferrin into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0004675 transmembrane receptor protein serine/threonine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + receptor-protein serine/threonine = ADP + receptor-protein serine/threonine phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0004714 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein-L-tyrosine = ADP + a protein-L-tyrosine phosphate, to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0000162 tryptophan biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tryptophan, the chiral amino acid 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propanoic acid; tryptophan is synthesized from chorismate via anthranilate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033596 TSC1-TSC2 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex consisting of tumerin and hamartin; its formation may regulate hamartin homomultimer formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033584 tyrosine biosynthetic process from chorismate via L-arogenate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tyrosine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate L-arogenate.
2007-10-25 GO:0042977 activation of JAK2 kinase activity Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a JAK2 (Janus Activated Kinase 2) protein, thereby activating it.
2007-10-25 GO:0007260 tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042508 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042502 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042503 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0007252 I-kappaB phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into an I-kappaB protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0006192 IDP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into IDP, inosine (5'-)diphosphate, to produce ITP.
2007-10-25 GO:0033639 modulation by symbiont of host response to water Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a water stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033665 obsolete regulation of growth or development of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the increase in its size or mass, or its progression from an initial condition to a later condition, within the cells or tissues of the host organism. This may (but not necessarily) include a filamentous growth form, and also can include secretion of proteases and lipases to break down. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in the symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033621 nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process, meiosis-specific transcripts Added DEFINITION The selective degradation of meiosis-specific transcripts during vegetative growth, by a mechanism that requires determinant of selective removal (DSR) sequences in the targeted mRNAs and involves a YTH family protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032585 multivesicular body membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a multivesicular body.
2007-10-25 GO:0043890 N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 6-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 6-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and of the D-galactose 6-sulfate units of keratan sulfate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033661 negative regulation by symbiont of defense-related host reactive oxygen species production Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the production of reactive oxygen species as part of the defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033668 negative regulation by symbiont of host apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death in the host, where programmed cell death proceeds by apoptosis. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033663 negative regulation by symbiont of host defense-related protein level Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont stops or reduces of the levels of defense-related proteins in its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033660 negative regulation by symbiont of host resistance gene-dependent defense response Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the resistance gene-dependent defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0060169 negative regulation of adenosine receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the adenosine receptor signaling pathway. The adenosine receptor pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an adenosine receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0060172 astral microtubule depolymerization Added DEFINITION The removal of tubulin heterodimers from one or both ends of an astral microtubule. An astral microtubule is any of the spindle microtubules that radiate in all directions from the spindle poles and are thought to contribute to the forces that separate the poles and position them in relation to the rest of the cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0033681 ATP-dependent 3'-5' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 3' to 5'.
2007-10-25 GO:0033682 ATP-dependent 5'-3' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0043888 (S)-2,3-di-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a geranylgeranyl group from geranylgeranyl diphosphate to (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate to form (S)-2,3-di-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0043889 (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the alkylation of the primary hydroxyl group in (S)-glyceryl phosphate by geranylgeranyl diphosphate to form (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0050625 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone reductase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone + NADH + H+ = NAD+ + 1,2,4-benzenetriol.
2007-10-25 GO:0033679 3'-5' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 3' to 5'.
2007-10-25 GO:0010435 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)cyclopentane-1-octanoic acid CoA ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)-cyclopentane-1-octanoic acid (OPC-8:0) + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)- cyclopentane-1-octanoyl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0033678 5'-3' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0032574 5'-3' RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of an RNA helix in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0042505 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042507 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0015204 urea transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of urea cross a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Urea is the water soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, produced in the liver via the ornithine-urea cycle. It is the main nitrogen-containing (urinary) excretion product in ureotelic animals.
2007-10-25 GO:0010448 vegetative meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of a vegetative meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant shoot which maintains a continuous balance between the production of stem cells and the incorporation of their derivatives into lateral organ primordia.
2007-10-25 GO:0042813 Wnt-activated receptor activity Updated DEFINITION Combining with a member of the Wnt family of signaling molecules to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0010051 xylem and phloem pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The regionalization process that gives rise to the patterning of the conducting tissues.
2007-10-25 GO:0047323 [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) = ADP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032569 gene-specific transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION The specifically regulated synthesis of RNA from DNA encoding a specific gene or set of genes by RNA polymerase II (Pol II), originating at a Pol II-specific promoter. In addition to RNA polymerase II and the general transcription factors, specific transcription requires one or more specific factors that bind to specific DNA sequences or interact with the general transcription machinery.
2007-10-25 GO:0048833 specification of floral organ number Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the number of floral organs formed in a floral whorl.
2007-10-25 GO:0030584 sporocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a sporocarp over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The sporocarp is a spore bearing fruiting body organ.
2007-10-25 GO:0000905 sporocarp development involved in asexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The formation of a spore-bearing structure by fungus where spores will arise from asexual reproduction.
2007-10-25 GO:0000909 sporocarp development involved in sexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a fruiting body organ over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The fruiting body is a spore bearing structure. In fungi, the sporocarp (also known as fruiting body) is a multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures, such as basidia or asci, are borne. The fruiting body is part of the sexual phase of a fungal life cycle, with the rest of the life cycle being characterized by vegetative mycelial growth. The sporocarp of a basidiomycete is known as a basidiocarp, while the fruiting body of an ascomycete is known as an ascocarp. A significant range of different shapes and morphologies is found in both basidiocarps and ascocarps; these features play an important role in the identification and taxonomy of fungi.
2007-10-25 GO:0060171 stereocilium membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a stereocilium.
2007-10-25 GO:0010374 stomatal complex development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the stomatal complex over time from its formation to the mature structure. The stomatal complex is the stomatal guard cells and their associated epidermal cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0010440 stomatal lineage progression Added DEFINITION The process by which an unspecialized epidermal cell progresses through a series of divisions that culminate in the production of a stomatal complex.
2007-10-25 GO:0043886 structural constituent of carboxysome Added DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a carboxysome, an organelle found in the Cyanobacteria consisting of a proteinaceous coat and enzymes for the fixation of carbon dioxide.
2007-10-25 GO:0032542 sulfiredoxin activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: peroxiredoxin-(S-hydroxy-S-oxocysteine) + ATP + 2 R-SH <=> peroxiredoxin-(S-hydroxycysteine) + ADP + phosphate + R-S-S-R.
2007-10-25 GO:0033622 integrin activation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits, that lead to the increased affinity of the integrin for its extracellular ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0031230 intrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the cell outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031356 intrinsic component of chloroplast inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the chloroplast inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031358 intrinsic component of chloroplast outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the chloroplast outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031311 intrinsic component of contractile vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the contractile vacuolar membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031227 intrinsic component of endoplasmic reticulum membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031302 intrinsic component of endosome membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the endosome membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031243 intrinsic component of external side of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane of the cell such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side opposite to the side that faces the periplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031233 intrinsic component of external side of plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side opposite to the side that faces the cytoplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031237 intrinsic component of periplasmic side of plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located in the periplasmic space.
2007-10-25 GO:0031228 intrinsic component of Golgi membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the Golgi membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031246 intrinsic component of periplasmic side of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane of the cell such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side that faces the periplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031235 intrinsic component of the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side that faces the cytoplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031224 intrinsic component of membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031304 intrinsic component of mitochondrial inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the mitochondrial inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031306 intrinsic component of mitochondrial outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the mitochondrial outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031229 intrinsic component of nuclear inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the nuclear inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031308 intrinsic component of nuclear outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the nuclear outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031300 intrinsic component of organelle membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in an organelle membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031231 intrinsic component of peroxisomal membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the peroxisomal membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031226 intrinsic component of plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031352 intrinsic component of plastid inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a plastid inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0008732 L-allo-threonine aldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-allo-threonine = glycine + acetaldehyde.
2007-10-25 GO:0032527 protein exit from endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION The directed movement of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0004672 protein kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the phosphorylation of an amino acid residue in a protein, usually according to the reaction: a protein + ATP = a phosphoprotein + ADP.
2007-10-25 GO:0004697 protein kinase C activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, with a requirement for diacylglycerol.
2007-10-25 GO:0004712 protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein serine/threonine/tyrosine = ADP + protein serine/threonine/tyrosine phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0031152 aggregation involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the aggregate over time, from its formation to the point when a slug is formed. Aggregate development begins in response to starvation and continues by the chemoattractant-mediated movement of cells toward each other. The aggregate is a multicellular structure that gives rise to the slug.
2007-10-25 GO:0032578 aleurone grain membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding an aleurone grain.
2007-10-25 GO:0032518 amino acid-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + amino acid(in) = ADP + phosphate + amino acid(out).
2007-10-25 GO:0032520 amino acid-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + amino acid(out) = ADP + phosphate + amino acid(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0015424 amino acid-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + amino acid(out/in) = ADP + phosphate + amino acid(in/out).
2007-10-25 GO:0006756 AMP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into AMP, adenosine monophosphate, to produce ADP. Addition of two phosphate groups produces ATP.
2007-10-25 GO:0033564 anterior/posterior axon guidance Added DEFINITION The process by which the migration of an axon growth cone is directed to a specific target site along the anterior-posterior body axis in response to a combination of attractive and repulsive cues.
2007-10-25 GO:0032579 apical lamina of hyaline layer Added DEFINITION A fibrous network that is part of the hyalin layer extracellular matrix. The apical lamina is thought to be principally composed of the glycoproteins fibropellins. This matrix has been found in echinoderms.
2007-10-25 GO:0009095 aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process, prephenate pathway Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phenylalanine and tyrosine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate prephenate.
2007-10-25 GO:0042532 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042512 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042514 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042518 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042521 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042524 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042527 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042530 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0007158 neuron cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a neuron to another cell via adhesion molecules.
2007-10-25 GO:0032589 neuron projection membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a neuron projection.
2007-10-25 GO:0004715 non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein-L-tyrosine = ADP + a protein-L-tyrosine phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033585 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process from chorismate via phenylpyruvate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate phenylpyruvate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033568 lactoferrin receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with lactoferrin to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0033569 lactoferrin transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of lactoferrin from one side of a membrane to the other.
2007-10-25 GO:0033571 lactoferrin transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lactoferrin into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0032511 late endosome to vacuole transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances from endosomes to vacuoles by a pathway in which molecules are sorted into multivesicular bodies, which then fuse with the vacuole.
2007-10-25 GO:0007159 leukocyte cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a leukocyte to another cell via adhesion molecules.
2007-10-25 GO:0060174 limb bud formation Added DEFINITION The process pertaining to the initial formation of a limb bud from unspecified parts. This process begins with the formation of a local condensation of mesenchyme cells within the prospective limb field ends when a limb bud is recognizable.
2007-10-25 GO:0060173 limb development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a limb over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A limb is an appendage of an animal used for locomotion or grasping. For example a leg, arm or some types of fin.
2007-10-25 GO:0046834 lipid phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a lipid, any member of a group of substances soluble in lipid solvents but only sparingly soluble in aqueous solvents.
2007-10-25 GO:0031580 membrane raft distribution Updated DEFINITION The process that establishes the spatial arrangement of lipid rafts within the plasma membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0043882 malate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: malate(out) + Na+(out) = malate(in) + Na+(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0043883 malolactic enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malate + H+ = L-lactate + CO2.
2007-10-25 GO:0033598 mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of mammary gland epithelial cells, resulting in the rapid expansion of a cell population. Mammary gland epithelial cells make up the covering of surfaces of the mammary gland. The mammary gland is a large compound sebaceous gland that in female mammals is modified to secrete milk.
2007-10-25 GO:0008070 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, ovarian follicular epithelium, germ-line encoded Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the ovarian follicle cells along the dorsal-ventral axis by a gene product encoded by cells of the germ line.
2007-10-25 GO:0008071 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, ovarian follicular epithelium, soma encoded Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the ovarian follicle cells along the dorsal-ventral axis by a gene product encoded by somatic cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0000487 maturation of 5.8S rRNA from tetracistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, 2S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Any process involved in the maturation of a precursor 5.8S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) molecule into a mature 5.8S rRNA molecule from the pre-rRNA molecule originally produced as a tetracistronic rRNA transcript that contains the Small Subunit (SSU) rRNA, the 8.8S rRNA, the 2S rRNA, and the Large Subunit (LSU) in that order from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript.
2007-10-25 GO:0000481 maturation of 5S rRNA Updated DEFINITION Any process involved in the maturation of a precursor 5S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) molecule into a mature 5S rRNA molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033620 Mei2 nuclear dot complex Added DEFINITION A nuclear body that forms during meiotic prophase in a fixed position in the horsetail nucleus; contains Mei2 and meiRNA. May play a role in the progression of meiosis I.
2007-10-25 GO:0043887 melibiose:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: melibiose(out) + Na+(out) = melibiose(in) + Na+(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0033619 membrane protein proteolysis Added DEFINITION The proteolytic cleavage of a transmembrane protein leading to the release of its intracellular or ecto-domains.
2007-10-25 GO:0010443 meristemoid mother cell division Added DEFINITION The asymmetric cell division by which a meristemoid mother cells (MMC) give rise to a meristemoid and another cell. The other cell may itself become a MMC or may generate an epidermal cell. Any cell that undergoes this type of division is a MMC.
2007-10-25 GO:0043881 mesaconyl-CoA hydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydration of mesaconyl-CoA to beta-methylmalyl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0043892 methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH-dependent) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: lactaldehyde + NADP+ = methylglyoxal + NADPH + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0032528 microvillus organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus, a thin cylindrical membrane-covered projection on the surface of a cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0016009 minor mitochondrial derivative Updated DEFINITION The smaller of the two mitochondrial derivatives that arise by the unfolding of the Nebenkern during flagellum elongation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033615 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0033617 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase) in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0032543 mitochondrial translation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein in a mitochondrion. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein; the mitochondrion has its own ribosomes and transfer RNAs, and uses a genetic code that differs from the nuclear code.
2007-10-25 GO:0031158 negative regulation of aggregate size involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that decreases the size of the aggregate formed during sorocarp formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033604 negative regulation of catecholamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a catecholamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0033629 negative regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0033597 mitotic checkpoint complex Added DEFINITION A multiprotein complex that functions as a mitotic checkpoint inhibitor of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C). In budding yeast this complex consists of Mad2p, Mad3p, Bub3p and Cdc20p, and in mammalian cells it consists of MAD2, BUBR1, BUB3, and CDC20.
2007-10-25 GO:0033656 modification by symbiont of host chloroplast Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of host cell chloroplasts. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033657 modification by symbiont of host chloroplast part Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of a component of the host cell chloroplast. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033658 modification by symbiont of host chloroplast thylakoid Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of the host cell chloroplast thylakoid. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033659 modification by symbiont of host mitochondrion Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of host cell mitochondria. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033662 modulation by symbiont of host defense-related protein level Added DEFINITION The alternation by a symbiont of the levels of defense-related proteins in its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033635 modulation by symbiont of host response to abiotic stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in the state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an abiotic (non-living) stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033637 modulation by symbiont of host response to cold Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cold stimulus, a temperature stimulus below the optimal temperature for that organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033642 modulation by symbiont of host response to gravitational stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gravitational stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033638 modulation by symbiont of host response to heat Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a heat stimulus, a temperature stimulus above the optimal temperature for that organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033640 modulation by symbiont of host response to osmotic stress Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of solutes outside the organism or cell. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033641 modulation by symbiont of host response to pH Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033636 modulation by symbiont of host response to temperature stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a temperature stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032556 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0001884 pyrimidine nucleoside binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine nucleoside, a compound consisting of a pyrimidine base linked either to ribose or deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032551 pyrimidine ribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine ribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to ribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032557 pyrimidine ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a pyrimidine ribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0047468 phosphoglucomutase (glucose-cofactor) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose-1-phosphate = glucose-6-phosphate; using D-glucose as a cofactor.
2007-10-25 GO:0046856 phosphatidylinositol dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing one or more phosphate groups from a phosphoinositide, a class of substances comprising phosphatidylinositol and its derivatives.
2007-10-25 GO:0046854 phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a phosphoinositide, a class of substances comprising phosphatidylinositol and its derivatives.
2007-10-25 GO:0046839 phospholipid dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing one or more phosphate groups from a phosphorylated lipid, any member of a group of substances soluble in lipid solvents but only sparingly soluble in aqueous solvents.
2007-10-25 GO:0046838 phosphorylated carbohydrate dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing a phosphate group from a phosphorylated carbohydrate, any organic compound based on the general formula Cx(H2O)y with a phosphate moiety attached to it.
2007-10-25 GO:0016310 phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a molecule, usually with the formation of a phosphoric ester, a phosphoric anhydride or a phosphoric amide.
2007-10-25 GO:0033616 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the plasma membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0033618 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex IV assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase) in the plasma membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0032544 plastid translation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein in a plastid. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein; the plastid has its own ribosomes and transfer RNAs, and uses a genetic code that differs from the nuclear code.
2007-10-25 GO:0042801 polo kinase kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of a phosphate group onto a serine or threonine residue in any member of the polo kinase class of proteins.
2007-10-25 GO:0033664 positive regulation by symbiont of host defense-related protein level Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases levels of defense-related proteins in its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0060168 positive regulation of adenosine receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the adenosine receptor signaling pathway. The adenosine receptor pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an adenosine receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0031159 positive regulation of aggregate size involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that increases the size of the aggregate formed during sorocarp formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033605 positive regulation of catecholamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a catecholamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0033630 positive regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0033634 positive regulation of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0035306 positive regulation of dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033603 positive regulation of dopamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of dopamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0010437 9,10 (9', 10')-carotenoid-cleaving dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids at the (9, 10) and/or (9', 10') double bond.
2007-10-25 GO:0043893 acetate:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of acetate from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: acetate(out) + cation(out) = acetate(in) + cation(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0032524 obsolete nutrient export Added DEFINITION The directed movement of nutrients out of a cell or organelle.
2007-10-25 GO:0032576 O-linoleoyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a linoleoyl ((9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoyl) group to an oxygen atom on the acceptor molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042477 odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a tooth over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A tooth is any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042475 odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a tooth over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Teeth are the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates, and which usually aid in the prehension and mastication of food.
2007-10-25 GO:0032575 ATP-dependent 5'-3' RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of an RNA helix in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0033680 ATP-dependent DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex.
2007-10-25 GO:0032598 B cell receptor transport into immunological synapse Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a B cell receptor into an immunological synapse.
2007-10-25 GO:0032597 B cell receptor transport into membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a B cell receptor into a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0032595 B cell receptor transport within lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a B cell receptor within a lipid bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0007298 border follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the border cells through the nurse cells to reach the oocyte.
2007-10-25 GO:0060175 brain-derived neurotrophic factor-activated receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with brain-derived neurotrophic factor, to block apoptosis in neurons and promote nerve growth, or to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0002111 BRCA2-BRAF35 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric complex of BRCA2 and BRAF35 (BRCA2-associated factor 35). The BRCA2-BRAF35 complex is often associated with condensed chromatin during mitosis.
2007-10-25 GO:0033593 BRCA2-MAGE-D1 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex formed of BRCA2 and MAGE-D1; may mediate the synergistic activities of the two proteins in regulating cell growth.
2007-10-25 GO:0004198 calcium-dependent cysteine-type endopeptidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of nonterminal peptide linkages in oligopeptides or polypeptides by a mechanism using a cysteine residue at the enzyme active center, and requiring the presence of calcium.
2007-10-25 GO:0004698 calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, with a requirement for diacylglycerol and calcium.
2007-10-25 GO:0033633 negative regulation of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0035305 negative regulation of dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process the stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033602 negative regulation of dopamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of dopamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0032582 negative regulation of gene-specific transcription Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the DNA-dependent transcription of a specific gene or genes.
2007-10-25 GO:0033667 obsolete negative regulation of growth or development of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont stops, prevents or reduces its increase in size or mass or its progression from an initial condition to a later condition, within the cells or tissues of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in the symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032539 negative regulation of host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of any behavior associated with finding a host organism.
2007-10-25 GO:0033624 negative regulation of integrin activation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of integrin activation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033673 negative regulation of kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033600 negative regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033671 negative regulation of NAD+ kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of NAD kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to an NAD molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042486 negative regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042489 negative regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx.
2007-10-25 GO:0032515 negative regulation of phosphoprotein phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of a phosphoprotein phosphatase.
2007-10-25 GO:0042326 negative regulation of phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or decreases the rate of addition of phosphate groups to a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0035308 negative regulation of protein dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process the stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0001933 negative regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or decreases the rate of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032513 negative regulation of protein phosphatase type 2B activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2B.
2007-10-25 GO:0031286 negative regulation of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation.
2007-10-25 GO:0015360 acetate:proton symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: acetate(out) + H+(out) = acetate(in) + H+(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0043874 acireductone synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 5-(methylthio)-2,3-dioxopentyl phosphate + H2O = 1,2-dihydroxy-5-(methylthio)pent-1-en-3-one + phosphate (1a) 5-(methylthio)-2,3-dioxopentyl phosphate = 2-hydroxy-5-(methylthio)-3-oxopent-1-enyl phosphate (1b) 2-hydroxy-5-(methylthio)-3-oxopent-1-enyl phosphate + H2O = 1,2-dihydroxy-5-(methylthio)pent-1-en-3-one + phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0042976 activation of Janus kinase activity Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a JAK (Janus Activated Kinase) protein, thereby activating it.
2007-10-25 GO:0032558 adenyl deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an adenyl deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of adenosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0032559 adenyl ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an adenyl ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of adenosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0006757 ATP generation from ADP Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into ADP, adenosine diphosphate, to produce ATP.
2007-10-25 GO:0031780 corticotropin hormone receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an adrenocorticotropin hormone receptor.
2007-10-25 GO:0033565 ESCRT-0 complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex required for the recycling of Golgi proteins, formation of lumenal membranes and sorting of ubiquitinated proteins into those membranes. This complex includes Vps1p and Hse1p in yeast and the Hrs and STAM proteins in mammals.
2007-10-25 GO:0008611 ether lipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ether lipids, lipids that contain (normally) one lipid alcohol in ether linkage to one of the carbon atoms (normally C-1) of glycerol.
2007-10-25 GO:0046485 ether lipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ether lipids, lipids that contain (normally) one lipid alcohol in ether linkage to one of the carbon atoms (normally C-1) of glycerol.
2007-10-25 GO:0031928 pyridoxine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of pyridoxine across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Pyridoxine, 2-methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyridine, is one of the vitamin B6 compounds. Pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine are collectively known as vitamin B6, and are efficiently converted to the biologically active form of vitamin B6, pyridoxal phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033625 positive regulation of integrin activation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of integrin activation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033674 positive regulation of kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033601 positive regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033672 positive regulation of NAD+ kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of NAD kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to an NAD molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042485 positive regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042488 positive regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates.
2007-10-25 GO:0032516 positive regulation of phosphoprotein phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the activity of a phosphoprotein phosphatase.
2007-10-25 GO:0042327 positive regulation of phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups to a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0035307 positive regulation of protein dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032514 positive regulation of protein phosphatase type 2B activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2B.
2007-10-25 GO:0031287 positive regulation of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation.
2007-10-25 GO:0042531 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042511 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042515 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042517 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042520 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042523 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0010445 nuclear dicing body Added DEFINITION A small round nuclear body, measuring 0.2-0.8 microns in diameter that is diffusely distributed throughout the nucleoplasm. Several proteins known to be involved in miRNA processing have been localized to these structures. D-bodies are thought to be involved in primary-miRNA processing and/or storage/assembly of miRNA processing complexes.
2007-10-25 GO:0006165 nucleoside diphosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a nucleoside diphosphate to produce a nucleoside triphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0046940 nucleoside monophosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a nucleoside monophosphate to produce a polyphosphorylated nucleoside.
2007-10-25 GO:0000166 nucleotide binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose or deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0046939 nucleotide phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a nucleotide to produce a phosphorylated nucleoside.
2007-10-25 GO:0007297 ovarian follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of ovarian follicle cells that takes place during oogenesis. During egg chamber formation, follicle cells migrate to envelop the germ-line cysts and move in between cysts. At stage 10B, follicle cells migrate centripetally between the nurse cells and the oocyte, enclosing the anterior of the egg.
2007-10-25 GO:0030713 ovarian follicle cell stalk formation Updated DEFINITION Development of ovarian follicle cells to create the interfollicular stalks that connect the egg chambers of progressive developmental stages.
2007-10-25 GO:0001542 ovulation from ovarian follicle Updated DEFINITION The process leading to the rupture of the follicle, releasing the centrally located oocyte into the oviduct.
2007-10-25 GO:0033610 oxalate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of oxalate, the organic acid ethanedioate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033611 oxalate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of oxalate, the organic acid ethanedioate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033609 oxalate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving oxalate, the organic acid ethanedioate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033675 pericanalicular vesicle Added DEFINITION A membrane-bound vesicle found near the apical, or pericanalicular, membrane of a hepatocyte; contains proteins involved in bile salt transport and other fluid and solute transport processes.
2007-10-25 GO:0010087 phloem or xylem histogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of phloem and/or xylem over time, from formation to the mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0032577 phosphatidylcholine:cardiolipin O-linoleoyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a linoleoyl ((9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoyl) group from phosphatidylcholine to an oxygen atom on a cardiolipin molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0004699 calcium-independent protein kinase C activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, with a requirement for diacylglycerol but not calcium.
2007-10-25 GO:0046835 carbohydrate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a carbohydrate, any organic compound based on the general formula Cx(H2O)y.
2007-10-25 GO:0043885 carbon-monoxide dehydrogenase (ferredoxin) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: CO + H2O + oxidized ferredoxin = CO2 + reduced ferredoxin.
2007-10-25 GO:0010436 carotenoid dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids.
2007-10-25 GO:0033627 cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION The attachment of a cell, either to another cell or to an underlying substrate such as the extracellular matrix, via an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits.
2007-10-25 GO:0033626 positive regulation of integrin activation by cell surface receptor linked signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of an extracellular ligand to a receptor on the surface of the target cell that lead to the increased affinity of an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits, for its extracellular ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0033631 cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION The attachment of one cell to another cell via an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits.
2007-10-25 GO:0010438 cellular response to sulfur starvation Added DEFINITION A change in the state or activity of a cell (in terms of enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of sulfur.
2007-10-25 GO:0032600 chemokine receptor transport out of membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a chemokine receptor out of a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0033606 chemokine receptor transport within lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a chemokine receptor within a lipid bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0033614 chloroplast proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the chloroplast thylakoid membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0060170 ciliary membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a cilium.
2007-10-25 GO:0000448 cleavage in ITS2 between 5.8S rRNA and LSU-rRNA of tricistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Endonucleolytic cleavage within ITS2 between the 5.8S rRNA and the LSU-rRNA of an rRNA molecule originally produced as a tricistronic rRNA transcript that contained the Small SubUnit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, and the Large SubUnit (LSU) rRNA, in that order, from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript.
2007-10-25 GO:0000469 cleavage involved in rRNA processing Added DEFINITION Any cleavage involved in the conversion of a primary ribosomal RNA (rRNA) transcript into a mature rRNA molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0043884 CO-methylating acetyl-CoA synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + corrinoid protein = CO + methylcorrinoid protein + CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0015228 coenzyme A transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of coenzyme A across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, is an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2007-10-25 GO:0031297 replication fork processing Updated DEFINITION The process by which a DNA replication fork that has stalled (due to DNA damage, DNA secondary structure, bound proteins, dNTP shortage, or other causes) is repaired and replication is restarted.
2007-10-25 GO:0001745 compound eye morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the compound eye are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The adult compound eye is a precise assembly of 700-800 ommatidia. Each ommatidium is composed of 20 cells, identified by cell type and position.
2007-10-25 GO:0046667 compound eye retinal cell programmed cell death Updated DEFINITION Programmed cell death that occurs in the retina to remove excess cells between ommatidia, thus resulting in a hexagonal lattice, precise with respect to cell number and position surrounding each ommatidium.
2007-10-25 GO:0032541 cortical endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION A cortical network of highly dynamic tubules that are juxtaposed to the plasma membrane and undergo ring closure and tubule-branching movements.
2007-10-25 GO:0006613 cotranslational protein targeting to membrane Updated DEFINITION The targeting of proteins to a membrane that occurs during translation. The transport of most secretory proteins, particularly those with more than 100 amino acids, into the endoplasmic reticulum lumen occurs in this manner, as does the import of some proteins into mitochondria.
2007-10-25 GO:0043880 crotonyl-CoA reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reduction of crotonyl-CoA to butyryl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0031154 culmination involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the culminant over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Clumination begins with a morphogenetic change of the finger-like or migratory slug giving rise to an organized structure containing a stalk and a sorus. This process is the final stage of sorocarp development.
2007-10-25 GO:0032545 CURI complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that is involved in the transcription of ribosomal genes. In Saccharomyces this complex consists of Ckb2p, Utp22p, Rrp7p andIfh1p.
2007-10-25 GO:0043895 cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cyclization of part of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan chain by formation of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic bond.
2007-10-25 GO:0032519 cysteine-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + cysteine(in) = ADP + phosphate + cysteine(out).
2007-10-25 GO:0032521 D-methionine-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + D-methionine(in) = ADP + phosphate + D-methionine(out).
2007-10-25 GO:0032522 D-methionine-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + D-methionine(out) = ADP + phosphate + D-methionine(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0048786 presynaptic active zone Updated DEFINITION A specialized region of the plasma membrane and cell cortex of a presynaptic neuron; encompasses a region of the plasma membrane where synaptic vesicles dock and fuse, synaptic vesicles, and a specialized cortical cytoskeletal matrix.
2007-10-25 GO:0048787 presynaptic active zone membrane Updated DEFINITION The membrane portion of the presynaptic active zone; it is the site where docking and fusion of synaptic vesicles occurs for the release of neurotransmitters.
2007-10-25 GO:0043894 acetyl-CoA synthetase acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the acetylation of residue Lys609 of the enzyme acetyl-CoA synthetase, using acetyl-CoA as substrate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033580 protein galactosylation at cell surface Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid at the surface of a cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0033582 protein galactosylation in cytosol Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid in the cytosol.
2007-10-25 GO:0033579 protein galactosylation in endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid in the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0033581 protein galactosylation in Golgi Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid in any compartment of the Golgi apparatus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033575 protein glycosylation at cell surface Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid at the surface of a cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0033576 protein glycosylation in cytosol Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid in the cytosol.
2007-10-25 GO:0033577 protein glycosylation in endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid in the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0033578 protein glycosylation in Golgi Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid in any compartment of the Golgi apparatus.
2007-10-25 GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0010451 floral meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of a floral meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant that gives rise to a flower.
2007-10-25 GO:0033560 folate reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADP+ = folate + NADPH + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0032529 follicle cell microvillus organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus on a follicle cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0021863 forebrain neuroblast differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of basal progenitor cells, neuroblasts that lose their contacts with the ventricular surface. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2007-10-25 GO:0021873 forebrain neuroblast division Updated DEFINITION The division of a neuroblast located in the forebrain. Neuroblast division gives rise to at least another neuroblast. As in, but not restricted to, the vertebrates (Vertebrata, ncbi_taxonomy_id:7742).
2007-10-25 GO:0033628 regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0031344 regulation of cell projection organization Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell projections.
2007-10-25 GO:0032536 regulation of cell projection size Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the size of a cell projection.
2007-10-25 GO:0033632 regulation of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0032535 regulation of cellular component size Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the size of a cellular component.
2007-10-25 GO:0035303 regulation of dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0052548 regulation of endopeptidase activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of endopeptidase activity, the endohydrolysis of peptide linkages within proteins.
2007-10-25 GO:0033666 obsolete positive regulation of growth or development of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases its size or mass or its progression from an initial condition to a later condition, within the cells or tissues of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in the symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032540 positive regulation of host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of any behavior associated with finding a host organism.
2007-10-25 GO:0043876 D-threonine aldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-threonine (or D-allo-threonine) = glycine + acetaldehyde.
2007-10-25 GO:0032563 dADP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dADP, deoxyadenosine diphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0006174 dADP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into dADP, deoxyadenosine diphosphate, to produce dATP.
2007-10-25 GO:0032562 dAMP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dAMP, deoxyadenosine monophosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032564 dATP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dATP, deoxyadenosine triphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032590 dendrite membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a dendrite.
2007-10-25 GO:0032591 dendritic spine membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a dendritic spine.
2007-10-25 GO:0032546 deoxyribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a deoxyribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine or pyrimidine nitrogenous base linked to deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032552 deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a deoxyribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0006019 deoxyribose 5-phosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into deoxyribose 5-phosphate to produce deoxyribose bisphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032566 dGDP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dGDP, deoxyguanosine diphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0060166 olfactory pit development Updated DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the olfactory pit from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the olfactory pit, which is an indentation of the olfactory placode, and ends when the pits hollows out to form the nasopharynx.
2007-10-25 GO:0001748 optic lobe placode development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the optic placode over time, from its formation to the mature structure. During embryonic stage 12 the placode starts to invaginate, forming a pouch. Cells that will form Bolwig's organ segregate from the ventral lip of this pouch, remaining in the head epidermis. The remainder of the invagination loses contact with the outer surface and becomes the optic lobe.
2007-10-25 GO:0001744 optic lobe placode formation Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the optic placode, a thickened area of densely packed ectoderm cells directly overlying the optic vesicle in the early embryo. In Drosophila, for example, the placode appears in the dorsolateral region of the head in late stage 11 embryos and is the precursor to the larval visual system.
2007-10-25 GO:0031388 organic acid phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into an organic acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0007299 ovarian follicle cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a somatic follicle cell to another somatic follicle cell or to its substratum, the germline cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0030707 ovarian follicle cell development Updated DEFINITION The process that occurs during oogenesis involving the ovarian follicle cells, somatic cells which surround the germ cells of an ovary.
2007-10-25 GO:0006186 dGDP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into dGDP, deoxyguanosine diphosphate, to produce dGTP.
2007-10-25 GO:0032565 dGMP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dGMP, deoxyguanosine monophosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032567 dGTP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dGTP, deoxyguanosine triphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0006194 dIDP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into dIDP, deoxyinosine diphosphate, to produce dITP.
2007-10-25 GO:0047321 diphosphate-protein phosphotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: microsomal-membrane protein + diphosphate = pyrophosphate + O-phospho-microsomal-membrane protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0003896 DNA primase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the synthesis of a short RNA primer on a DNA template, providing a free 3'-OH that can be extended by DNA-directed DNA polymerases. Catalyzed by a DNA-directed RNA polymerase that forms a complex with alpha DNA polymerase.
2007-10-25 GO:0031261 DNA replication preinitiation complex Updated DEFINITION A multiprotein complex assembled at eukaryotic DNA replication origins immediately prior to the initiation of DNA replication. The preinitiation complex is formed by the assembly of additional proteins onto an existing prereplicative complex. In budding yeast, the additional proteins include Cdc45p, Sld2p, Sld3p, Dpb11p, DNA polymerases, and others.
2007-10-25 GO:0033567 DNA replication, Okazaki fragment processing Added DEFINITION The DNA metabolic process, occurring during lagging strand synthesis, by which RNA primers are removed from Okazaki fragments, the resulting gaps filled by DNA polymerization, and the ends ligated to form a continuous strand.
2007-10-25 GO:0008094 DNA-dependent ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate in the presence of single- or double-stranded DNA; drives another reaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0004677 DNA-dependent protein kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, requiring the presence of DNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0033677 DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex, i.e. a double helix in which a strand of DNA pairs with a complementary strand of RNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0008069 dorsal/ventral axis specification, ovarian follicular epithelium Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the ovarian follicle cells along the dorsal/ventral axis.
2007-10-25 GO:0033563 dorsal/ventral axon guidance Added DEFINITION The process by which the migration of an axon growth cone is directed to a specific target site along the dorsal-ventral body axis in response to a combination of attractive and repulsive cues.
2007-10-25 GO:0033676 double-stranded DNA-dependent ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate in the presence of double-stranded DNA; drives another reaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033589 Elongator core complex Added DEFINITION A heterotrimeric protein complex that forms part of the Elongator holoenzyme complex, which is involved in tRNA modification, and exerts indirect effects on transcriptional elongation and exocytosis. In Saccharomyces, the core complex consists of Iki3p/Elp1p, Elp2p, and Elp3p; the proteins are conserved in human.
2007-10-25 GO:0033588 Elongator holoenzyme complex Added DEFINITION A heterohexameric protein complex that is involved in tRNA modification, and exerts indirect effects on transcriptional elongation and exocytosis. The complex can associate physically with hyperphosphorylated RNA polymerase II; it contains two discrete heterotrimeric subcomplexes. In Saccharomyces, the core complex consists of Iki3p/Elp1p, Elp2p, and Elp3p, and the other consists of Elp4p, Iki1p/Elp5p, and Elp6p.
2007-10-25 GO:0000483 endonucleolytic cleavage of tetracistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, 2S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Endonucleolytic cleavage of a pre-rRNA molecule originally produced as a tetracistronic rRNA transcript that contains the Small SubUnit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, 2S rRNA, and the Large SubUnit (LSU) rRNA, in that order, from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript. Primary ribosomal RNA transcripts with four genes, in this order, are produced in the nuclei of D. melanogaster as well as in those of other dipteran species.
2007-10-25 GO:0000472 endonucleolytic cleavage to generate mature 5'-end of SSU-rRNA from (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Endonucleolytic cleavage between the 5'-External Transcribed Spacer (5'-ETS) and the 5' end of the SSU-rRNA of a tricistronic rRNA transcript that contains the Small Subunit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, and the Large Subunit (LSU) rRNA in that order from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript, to produce the mature end of the SSU-rRNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0032510 endosome to lysosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances from endosomes to lysosomes by a pathway in which molecules are sorted into multivesicular bodies, which then fuse with the lysosome.
2007-10-25 GO:0032509 endosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances from endosomes to lysosomes or vacuoles by a pathway in which molecules are sorted into multivesicular bodies, which then fuse with the target compartment.
2007-10-25 GO:0032581 ER-dependent peroxisome organization Added DEFINITION The de novo formation of peroxisomes from the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0032533 regulation of follicle cell microvillus length Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the length of a microvillus on a follicle cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0032531 regulation of follicle cell microvillus organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus on a follicle cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0032583 regulation of gene-specific transcription Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the DNA-dependent transcription of a specific gene or genes.
2007-10-25 GO:0010439 regulation of glucosinolate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glucosinolates, substituted thioglucosides found in rapeseed products and related cruciferae.
2007-10-25 GO:0042526 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0008856 exodeoxyribonuclease X activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Endonucleolytic cleavage of supercoiled plasma DNA to linear DNA duplexes.
2007-10-25 GO:0015230 FAD transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of flavin-adenine dinucleotide (FAD) across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. FAD forms the coenzyme of the prosthetic group of various flavoprotein oxidoreductase enzymes, in which it functions as an electron acceptor by being reversibly converted to its reduced form.
2007-10-25 GO:0009288 bacterial-type flagellum Updated DEFINITION A motor complex composed of an extracellular helical protein filament coupled to a rotary motor embedded in the cell envelope.
2007-10-25 GO:0016462 pyrophosphatase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of a pyrophosphate bond between two phosphate groups, leaving one phosphate on each of the two fragments.
2007-10-25 GO:0004740 pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) = ADP + pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0045468 regulation of R8 cell spacing in compound eye Updated DEFINITION Any process that ensures that the R8 cells are selected in a precise progressive pattern so that they are evenly spaced throughout the eye disc.
2007-10-25 GO:0033612 receptor serine/threonine kinase binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a receptor that possesses protein serine/threonine kinase activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0060167 regulation of adenosine receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the adenosine receptor signaling pathway. The adenosine receptor pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an adenosine receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0031157 regulation of aggregate size involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the size of the aggregate formed during sorocarp formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033252 regulation of beta-lactamase activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of beta-lactamase activity, the hydrolysis of a beta-lactam to yield a substituted beta-amino acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0032538 regulation of host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of any behavior associated with finding a host organism.
2007-10-25 GO:0033623 regulation of integrin activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of integrin activation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033599 regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation.
2007-10-25 GO:0032534 regulation of microvillus assembly Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the formation of a microvillus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032532 regulation of microvillus length Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the length of a microvillus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032530 regulation of microvillus organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033670 regulation of NAD+ kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of NAD kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to an NAD molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042484 regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042487 regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates.
2007-10-25 GO:0042325 regulation of phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups into a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0035304 regulation of protein dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0001932 regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups into an amino acid in a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032512 regulation of protein phosphatase type 2B activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2B.
2007-10-25 GO:0031156 regulation of sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp development.
2007-10-25 GO:0031285 regulation of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation.
2007-10-25 GO:0060164 regulation of timing of neuron differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process controlling the timing and/or rate at which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires features of a neuron.
2007-10-25 GO:0060165 regulation of timing of subpallium neuron differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process controlling the timing and/or rate at which a relatively unspecialized cell in the subpallium acquires features of a neuron. The subpallium is the base region of the telencephalon.
2007-10-25 GO:0042509 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042510 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042513 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042516 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042519 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042522 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042525 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042528 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033561 regulation of water loss via skin Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the rate or extent of water loss from an organism via the skin.
2007-10-25 GO:0042529 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-10-25 GO:0032570 response to progesterone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a progesterone stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032526 response to retinoic acid Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a retinoic acid stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033574 response to testosterone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a testosterone stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032571 response to vitamin K Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a vitamin K stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033583 rhabdomere membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding the rhabdomere.
2007-10-25 GO:0032549 ribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a ribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine or pyrimidine nitrogenous base linked to ribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032553 ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a ribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0033592 RNA strand annealing activity Added DEFINITION Facilitates the base-pairing of complementary single-stranded RNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0008384 IkappaB kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + IkappaB protein = ADP + IkappaB phosphoprotein.
2007-10-25 GO:0010450 inflorescence meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an inflorescence meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant shoot which produces small leaves and then floral meristems, which will give rise to flowers.
2007-10-25 GO:0002030 inhibitory G-protein coupled receptor phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process that inhibits the signaling function of a G-protein coupled receptor by addition of a phosphate group to its third intracellular loop consensu thes site.
2007-10-25 GO:0046853 obsolete inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into inositol or an inositol derivative. Inositol is the cyclic alcohol 1,2,3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexol, which is widely distributed in nature and acts as a growth factor in animals and microorganisms.
2007-10-25 GO:0046855 inositol phosphate dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing a phosphate group from any mono- or polyphosphorylated inositol.
2007-10-25 GO:0032593 insulin-responsive compartment Added DEFINITION A small membrane-bounded vesicle that releases its contents by exocytosis in response to insulin stimulation; the contents are enriched in GLUT4, IRAP and VAMP2.
2007-10-25 GO:0045203 integral component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the external outer membrane of the cell. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031357 integral component of chloroplast inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the chloroplast inner membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031359 integral component of chloroplast outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the chloroplast outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031165 integral component of contractile vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the contractile vacuolar membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031303 integral component of endosome membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the endosome membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0030173 integral component of Golgi membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the Golgi complex membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031305 integral component of mitochondrial inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the mitochondrial inner membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0032592 integral component of mitochondrial membrane Added DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the mitochondrial membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031307 integral component of mitochondrial outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the mitochondrial outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0005639 integral component of nuclear inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the nuclear inner membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031309 integral component of nuclear outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the nuclear outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0031166 integral component of vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located such that some or all of the gene product itself penetrates at least one phospholipid bilayer of the vacuolar membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0042504 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042506 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033608 formyl-CoA transferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction formyl-CoA + oxalate = formate + oxalyl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0030582 fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fruiting body over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A fruiting body is a multicellular structure that contains spores.
2007-10-25 GO:0030583 myxococcal fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fruiting body over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The process begins when cells respond to a lack of nutrients in the environment and ends when the fruiting body is a mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0055084 fruiting body development in response to starvation Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fruiting body over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The process begins with a response to a lack of nutrients and ends when the fruiting body is a mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0043877 galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-galactosamine 6-phosphate + H2O = D-tagatose 6-phosphate + NH3.
2007-10-25 GO:0033566 gamma-tubulin complex localization Added DEFINITION The processes by which a gamma-tubulin complex is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location.
2007-10-25 GO:0032568 general transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION The basal, non-specifically regulated synthesis of RNA from a DNA template by RNA polymerase II (Pol II), originating at a Pol II-specific promoter. Mediated by core RNA polymerase II and a set of general transcription factors; in Saccharomyces five transcription factors are necessary and sufficient for such basal transcription.
2007-10-25 GO:0000477 generation of mature 5'-end of LSU-rRNA from tricistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Added DEFINITION Cleavage within ITS2 to generate the mature 5'-end of an LSU-rRNA derived from a tricistronic rRNA transcript that contained the Small SubUnit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, and the Large SubUnit (LSU) rRNA, in that order, from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript.
2007-10-25 GO:0043897 glucan 1,4-alpha-maltohydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides so as to remove successive alpha-maltose residues from the non-reducing ends of the chains.
2007-10-25 GO:0043896 glucan 1,6-alpha-glucosidase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of (1->6)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in (1->6)-alpha-D-glucans and derived oligosaccharides.
2007-10-25 GO:0006009 glucose 1-phosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into glucose 1-phosphate to produce glucose bisphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0043891 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+) (phosphorylating) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD(P)+ = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NAD(P)H + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0043878 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+) (non-phosphorylating) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + NAD+ + H2O = 3-phospho-D-glycerate + NADH + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0043879 glycolate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of glycolate from one side of a membrane to the other. Glycolate is the smallest alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA).
2007-10-25 GO:0032580 Golgi cisterna membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding any of the thin, flattened compartments that form the central portion of the Golgi complex.
2007-10-25 GO:0032584 growth cone membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a growth cone.
2007-10-25 GO:0032560 guanyl deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a guanyl deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of guanosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0032561 guanyl ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a guanyl ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of guanosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0010441 guard cell development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the guard cell over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0010052 guard cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby a guard mother cell acquires the specialized features of a guard cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0010442 guard cell morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Generation and organization of the polarized cell that is capable of turgor driven movement.
2007-10-25 GO:0010444 guard mother cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process by which a meristemoid acquires the specialized features of a guard mother cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0052331 hemolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The cytolytic destruction of red blood cells, with the release of intracellular hemoglobin, in one organism by another, where two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0019836 hemolysis by symbiont of host erythrocytes Updated DEFINITION The cytolytic destruction of red blood cells, with the release of intracellular hemoglobin, in the host organism by a symbiont. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033573 high-affinity iron permease complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of a multicopper ferroxidase that oxidizes Fe(II) to Fe(III), and a ferric iron permease that transports the produced Fe(III) into the cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0016576 histone dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The modification of histones by removal of phosphate groups.
2007-10-25 GO:0016572 histone phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The modification of histones by addition of phosphate groups.
2007-10-25 GO:0033652 host cell chloroplast Added DEFINITION A chlorophyll-containing plastid as found within host cells with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033653 host cell chloroplast part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of a chloroplast as it is found in host cells and which are a chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033654 host cell chloroplast thylakoid membrane Added DEFINITION Any sac-like membranous structures (cisternae) in a chloroplast found in host cells, combined into stacks (grana) and present singly in the stroma (stroma thylakoids or frets) as interconnections between grana. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033655 host cell cytoplasm part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of the host cell cytoplasm, all of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033645 host cell endomembrane system Added DEFINITION A collection of membranous structures involved in transport within the host cell. The main components of the endomembrane system are endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, vesicles, cell membrane and nuclear envelope. Members of the endomembrane system pass materials through each other or though the use of vesicles. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033644 host cell membrane Added DEFINITION Double layer of lipid molecules as it encloses host cells, and, in eukaryotes, many organelles; may be a single or double lipid bilayer; also includes associated proteins. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033650 host cell mitochondrion Added DEFINITION A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle as found in host cells that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cell cytoplasm. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0008535 respiratory chain complex IV assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase), the terminal member of the respiratory chain of the mitochondrion and some aerobic bacteria. Cytochrome c oxidases are multi-subunit enzymes containing from 13 subunits in the mammalian mitochondrial form to 3-4 subunits in the bacterial forms.
2007-10-25 GO:0010447 response to acidic pH Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus with pH < 7.
2007-10-25 GO:0010446 response to alkaline pH Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus with pH > 7.
2007-10-25 GO:0033590 response to cobalamin Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cobalamin (vitamin B12) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0043330 response to exogenous dsRNA Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an exogenous double-stranded RNA stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033595 response to genistein Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a genistein stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033594 response to hydroxyisoflavone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydroxyisoflavone stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033591 response to L-ascorbic acid Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032572 response to menaquinone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a menaquinone (vitamin K2) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032573 response to phylloquinone Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a phylloquinone (vitamin K1) stimulus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032586 protein storage vacuole membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a protein storage vacuole.
2007-10-25 GO:0008320 protein transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a protein from one side of a membrane to the other.
2007-10-25 GO:0032596 protein transport into membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein into a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0032599 protein transport out of membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein out of a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0032594 protein transport within lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a protein within a lipid bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0051603 proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein during the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by individual cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0043461 proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Updated DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase (also known as F-type ATPase), a two-sector ATPase found in the inner membrane of mitochondria and chloroplasts, and in bacterial plasma membranes.
2007-10-25 GO:0032547 purine deoxyribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine deoxyribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine base linked to deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032554 purine deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a purine deoxyribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0001883 purine nucleoside binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine nucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine base linked either to ribose or deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032550 purine ribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine ribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine base linked to ribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032555 purine ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a purine ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a purine ribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0031925 pyridoxal transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of pyridoxal across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Pyridoxal, 3-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, is one of the vitamin B6 compounds. Pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine are collectively known as vitamin B6, and are efficiently converted to the biologically active form of vitamin B6, pyridoxal phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032548 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0031350 intrinsic component of plastid membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a plastid membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031354 intrinsic component of plastid outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a plastid outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031360 intrinsic component of thylakoid membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a thylakoid membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031310 intrinsic component of vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the vacuolar membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0007258 JUN phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a JUN protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033586 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process from chorismate via L-arogenate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate L-arogenate.
2007-10-25 GO:0010449 root meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of a root meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant root which maintains a continuous balance between the production of stem cells and the incorporation of their derivatives into the growth of the root.
2007-10-25 GO:0032587 ruffle membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a ruffle.
2007-10-25 GO:0042501 serine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a serine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033136 serine phosphorylation of STAT3 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a serine residue of the STAT3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033587 shikimate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of shikimate, (3R,4S,5R)--3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxylate, the anion of shikimic acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0019633 shikimate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of shikimate, (3R,4S,5R)--3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxylate, the anion of shikimic acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0019632 shikimate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving shikimate, (3R,4S,5R)--3,4,5-trihydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxylate, the anion of shikimic acid. It is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids.
2007-10-25 GO:0032523 silicon efflux transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of silicon from the inside of the cell to the outside of the cell across a membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031153 slug development involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the slug over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Slug development begins when the aggregate rises upwards to form a finger-shaped structure and ends when culmination begins. Slug development takes place during sorocarp development.
2007-10-25 GO:0033562 co-transcriptional gene silencing by RNA interference machinery Added DEFINITION A process by which the targeting of nascent transcripts by the RITS complex mediates chromatin modifications and promotes the degradation of nascent transcripts synthesized in heterochromatic regions.
2007-10-25 GO:0016074 snoRNA metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving snoRNA, small nucleolar RNA, any of a class of small RNAs that are associated with the eukaryotic nucleus as components of small nucleolar ribonucleoproteins. They participate in the processing or modifications of many RNAs, mostly ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) though snoRNAs are also known to target other classes of RNA, including spliceosomal RNAs, tRNAs, and mRNAs via a stretch of sequence that is complementary to a sequence in the targeted RNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0033607 SOD1-Bcl-2 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex formed of superoxide dismutase 1 and Bcl-2. Complex formation is thought to link superoxide dismutase to an apoptotic pathway.
2007-10-25 GO:0032517 SOD1-calcineurin complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex formed by the association of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) with calcineurin; complex formation is implicated in activation of calcineurin by SOD1.
2007-10-25 GO:0032525 somite rostral/caudal axis specification Added DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of the rostro-caudal axis of a somite, prior to the morphological formation of a somite boundary.
2007-10-25 GO:0030587 sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the sorocarp over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The process begins with the aggregation of individual cells and ends with the mature sorocarp. The sorocarp is a structure containing a spore-bearing sorus that sits on top of a stalk.
2007-10-25 GO:0031288 sorocarp morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process by which the sorocarp is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-10-25 GO:0031149 sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sorocarp stalk cell, any of the cellulose-covered cells that form the stalk of a sorocarp.
2007-10-25 GO:0031150 sorocarp stalk development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the sorocarp stalk over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The sorocarp stalk is a tubular structure that consists of cellulose-covered cells stacked on top of each other and surrounded by an acellular stalk tube composed of cellulose and glycoprotein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042025 host cell nucleus Updated DEFINITION A membrane-bounded organelle as it is found in the host cell in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033643 host cell part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of a host cell. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033651 host cell plastid Added DEFINITION Any member of a family of organelles as found in the cytoplasm of host cells, which are membrane-bounded and contain DNA. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033648 host intracellular membrane-bounded organelle Added DEFINITION Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, as found in host cells, bounded by a single or double lipid bilayer membrane and occurring within the cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, and vesicles. Excludes the plasma membrane. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033647 host intracellular organelle Added DEFINITION Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, occurring within the host cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, vesicles, ribosomes and the cytoskeleton. Excludes the plasma membrane. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033646 host intracellular part Added DEFINITION Any constituent part of the living contents of a host cell; the matter contained within (but not including) the plasma membrane, usually taken to exclude large vacuoles and masses of secretory or ingested material. In eukaryotes it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032537 host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION The specific actions or reactions of an organism that are associated with finding a host organism; may include behavioral responses to light, temperature, or chemical emanations from the prospective host.
2007-10-25 GO:0033503 HULC complex Updated DEFINITION A ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme complex that contains two RING finger proteins, which have ubiquitin ligase activity, in addition to a protein with ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme activity; catalyzes the ubiquitination of histone H2B at lysine 119 (or the equivalent residue). In Schizosaccharomyces the subunits are Rhp1, Brl2/Rfp1 and Brl1/Rfp2.
2007-10-25 GO:0016799 hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing N-glycosyl compounds Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of any N-glycosyl bond.
2007-10-25 GO:0042370 thiamine diphosphate dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The removal of one or more phosphate groups from thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2007-10-25 GO:0032588 trans-Golgi network membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding any of the compartments that make up the trans-Golgi network.
2007-10-25 GO:0033613 activating transcription factor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a transcription activator, any protein whose activity is required to initiate or upregulate transcription.
2007-10-25 GO:0033570 transferrin transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of transferrin from one side of a membrane to the other.
2007-10-25 GO:0033572 transferrin transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of transferrin into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0004675 transmembrane receptor protein serine/threonine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + receptor-protein serine/threonine = ADP + receptor-protein serine/threonine phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0004714 transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein-L-tyrosine = ADP + a protein-L-tyrosine phosphate, to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0000162 tryptophan biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tryptophan, the chiral amino acid 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propanoic acid; tryptophan is synthesized from chorismate via anthranilate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033596 TSC1-TSC2 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex consisting of tumerin and hamartin; its formation may regulate hamartin homomultimer formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033584 tyrosine biosynthetic process from chorismate via L-arogenate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tyrosine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate L-arogenate.
2007-10-25 GO:0042977 activation of JAK2 kinase activity Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a JAK2 (Janus Activated Kinase 2) protein, thereby activating it.
2007-10-25 GO:0007260 tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042508 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042502 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042503 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0007252 I-kappaB phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into an I-kappaB protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0006192 IDP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into IDP, inosine (5'-)diphosphate, to produce ITP.
2007-10-25 GO:0033639 modulation by symbiont of host response to water Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a water stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033665 obsolete regulation of growth or development of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont modulates the increase in its size or mass, or its progression from an initial condition to a later condition, within the cells or tissues of the host organism. This may (but not necessarily) include a filamentous growth form, and also can include secretion of proteases and lipases to break down. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in the symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033621 nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process, meiosis-specific transcripts Added DEFINITION The selective degradation of meiosis-specific transcripts during vegetative growth, by a mechanism that requires determinant of selective removal (DSR) sequences in the targeted mRNAs and involves a YTH family protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032585 multivesicular body membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a multivesicular body.
2007-10-25 GO:0043890 N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hydrolysis of the 6-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 6-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and of the D-galactose 6-sulfate units of keratan sulfate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033661 negative regulation by symbiont of defense-related host reactive oxygen species production Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the production of reactive oxygen species as part of the defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033668 negative regulation by symbiont of host apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death in the host, where programmed cell death proceeds by apoptosis. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033663 negative regulation by symbiont of host defense-related protein level Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont stops or reduces of the levels of defense-related proteins in its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033660 negative regulation by symbiont of host resistance gene-dependent defense response Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the resistance gene-dependent defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0060169 negative regulation of adenosine receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the adenosine receptor signaling pathway. The adenosine receptor pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an adenosine receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0060172 astral microtubule depolymerization Added DEFINITION The removal of tubulin heterodimers from one or both ends of an astral microtubule. An astral microtubule is any of the spindle microtubules that radiate in all directions from the spindle poles and are thought to contribute to the forces that separate the poles and position them in relation to the rest of the cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0033681 ATP-dependent 3'-5' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 3' to 5'.
2007-10-25 GO:0033682 ATP-dependent 5'-3' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0043888 (S)-2,3-di-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a geranylgeranyl group from geranylgeranyl diphosphate to (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate to form (S)-2,3-di-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0043889 (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the alkylation of the primary hydroxyl group in (S)-glyceryl phosphate by geranylgeranyl diphosphate to form (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0050625 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone reductase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone + NADH + H+ = NAD+ + 1,2,4-benzenetriol.
2007-10-25 GO:0033679 3'-5' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 3' to 5'.
2007-10-25 GO:0010435 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)cyclopentane-1-octanoic acid CoA ligase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)-cyclopentane-1-octanoic acid (OPC-8:0) + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + 3-oxo-2-(2'-pentenyl)- cyclopentane-1-octanoyl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0033678 5'-3' DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0032574 5'-3' RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of an RNA helix in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0042505 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042507 tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0015204 urea transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of urea cross a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Urea is the water soluble compound H2N-CO-NH2, produced in the liver via the ornithine-urea cycle. It is the main nitrogen-containing (urinary) excretion product in ureotelic animals.
2007-10-25 GO:0010448 vegetative meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of a vegetative meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant shoot which maintains a continuous balance between the production of stem cells and the incorporation of their derivatives into lateral organ primordia.
2007-10-25 GO:0042813 Wnt-activated receptor activity Updated DEFINITION Combining with a member of the Wnt family of signaling molecules to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0010051 xylem and phloem pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The regionalization process that gives rise to the patterning of the conducting tissues.
2007-10-25 GO:0047323 [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) = ADP + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032569 gene-specific transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Added DEFINITION The specifically regulated synthesis of RNA from DNA encoding a specific gene or set of genes by RNA polymerase II (Pol II), originating at a Pol II-specific promoter. In addition to RNA polymerase II and the general transcription factors, specific transcription requires one or more specific factors that bind to specific DNA sequences or interact with the general transcription machinery.
2007-10-25 GO:0048833 specification of floral organ number Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the number of floral organs formed in a floral whorl.
2007-10-25 GO:0030584 sporocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a sporocarp over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The sporocarp is a spore bearing fruiting body organ.
2007-10-25 GO:0000905 sporocarp development involved in asexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The formation of a spore-bearing structure by fungus where spores will arise from asexual reproduction.
2007-10-25 GO:0000909 sporocarp development involved in sexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a fruiting body organ over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The fruiting body is a spore bearing structure. In fungi, the sporocarp (also known as fruiting body) is a multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures, such as basidia or asci, are borne. The fruiting body is part of the sexual phase of a fungal life cycle, with the rest of the life cycle being characterized by vegetative mycelial growth. The sporocarp of a basidiomycete is known as a basidiocarp, while the fruiting body of an ascomycete is known as an ascocarp. A significant range of different shapes and morphologies is found in both basidiocarps and ascocarps; these features play an important role in the identification and taxonomy of fungi.
2007-10-25 GO:0060171 stereocilium membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a stereocilium.
2007-10-25 GO:0010374 stomatal complex development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the stomatal complex over time from its formation to the mature structure. The stomatal complex is the stomatal guard cells and their associated epidermal cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0010440 stomatal lineage progression Added DEFINITION The process by which an unspecialized epidermal cell progresses through a series of divisions that culminate in the production of a stomatal complex.
2007-10-25 GO:0043886 structural constituent of carboxysome Added DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a carboxysome, an organelle found in the Cyanobacteria consisting of a proteinaceous coat and enzymes for the fixation of carbon dioxide.
2007-10-25 GO:0032542 sulfiredoxin activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: peroxiredoxin-(S-hydroxy-S-oxocysteine) + ATP + 2 R-SH <=> peroxiredoxin-(S-hydroxycysteine) + ADP + phosphate + R-S-S-R.
2007-10-25 GO:0033622 integrin activation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits, that lead to the increased affinity of the integrin for its extracellular ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0031230 intrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the cell outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031356 intrinsic component of chloroplast inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the chloroplast inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031358 intrinsic component of chloroplast outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the chloroplast outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031311 intrinsic component of contractile vacuolar membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the contractile vacuolar membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031227 intrinsic component of endoplasmic reticulum membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031302 intrinsic component of endosome membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the endosome membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031243 intrinsic component of external side of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane of the cell such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side opposite to the side that faces the periplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031233 intrinsic component of external side of plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side opposite to the side that faces the cytoplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031237 intrinsic component of periplasmic side of plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located in the periplasmic space.
2007-10-25 GO:0031228 intrinsic component of Golgi membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the Golgi membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031246 intrinsic component of periplasmic side of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane of the cell such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side that faces the periplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031235 intrinsic component of the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located on the side that faces the cytoplasm.
2007-10-25 GO:0031224 intrinsic component of membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031304 intrinsic component of mitochondrial inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the mitochondrial inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031306 intrinsic component of mitochondrial outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the mitochondrial outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031229 intrinsic component of nuclear inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the nuclear inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031308 intrinsic component of nuclear outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the nuclear outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031300 intrinsic component of organelle membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in an organelle membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031231 intrinsic component of peroxisomal membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the peroxisomal membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031226 intrinsic component of plasma membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0031352 intrinsic component of plastid inner membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in a plastid inner membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product, for example part of a peptide sequence or some other covalently attached moiety such as a GPI anchor, spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0008732 L-allo-threonine aldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-allo-threonine = glycine + acetaldehyde.
2007-10-25 GO:0032527 protein exit from endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION The directed movement of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0004672 protein kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the phosphorylation of an amino acid residue in a protein, usually according to the reaction: a protein + ATP = a phosphoprotein + ADP.
2007-10-25 GO:0004697 protein kinase C activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, with a requirement for diacylglycerol.
2007-10-25 GO:0004712 protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein serine/threonine/tyrosine = ADP + protein serine/threonine/tyrosine phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0031152 aggregation involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the aggregate over time, from its formation to the point when a slug is formed. Aggregate development begins in response to starvation and continues by the chemoattractant-mediated movement of cells toward each other. The aggregate is a multicellular structure that gives rise to the slug.
2007-10-25 GO:0032578 aleurone grain membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding an aleurone grain.
2007-10-25 GO:0032518 amino acid-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + amino acid(in) = ADP + phosphate + amino acid(out).
2007-10-25 GO:0032520 amino acid-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + amino acid(out) = ADP + phosphate + amino acid(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0015424 amino acid-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + amino acid(out/in) = ADP + phosphate + amino acid(in/out).
2007-10-25 GO:0006756 AMP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into AMP, adenosine monophosphate, to produce ADP. Addition of two phosphate groups produces ATP.
2007-10-25 GO:0033564 anterior/posterior axon guidance Added DEFINITION The process by which the migration of an axon growth cone is directed to a specific target site along the anterior-posterior body axis in response to a combination of attractive and repulsive cues.
2007-10-25 GO:0032579 apical lamina of hyaline layer Added DEFINITION A fibrous network that is part of the hyalin layer extracellular matrix. The apical lamina is thought to be principally composed of the glycoproteins fibropellins. This matrix has been found in echinoderms.
2007-10-25 GO:0009095 aromatic amino acid family biosynthetic process, prephenate pathway Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phenylalanine and tyrosine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate prephenate.
2007-10-25 GO:0042532 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042512 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042514 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042518 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042521 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042524 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042527 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042530 negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0007158 neuron cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a neuron to another cell via adhesion molecules.
2007-10-25 GO:0032589 neuron projection membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a neuron projection.
2007-10-25 GO:0004715 non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein-L-tyrosine = ADP + a protein-L-tyrosine phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033585 L-phenylalanine biosynthetic process from chorismate via phenylpyruvate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-phenylalanine from other compounds, including chorismate, via the intermediate phenylpyruvate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033568 lactoferrin receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with lactoferrin to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0033569 lactoferrin transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of lactoferrin from one side of a membrane to the other.
2007-10-25 GO:0033571 lactoferrin transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lactoferrin into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0032511 late endosome to vacuole transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances from endosomes to vacuoles by a pathway in which molecules are sorted into multivesicular bodies, which then fuse with the vacuole.
2007-10-25 GO:0007159 leukocyte cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a leukocyte to another cell via adhesion molecules.
2007-10-25 GO:0060174 limb bud formation Added DEFINITION The process pertaining to the initial formation of a limb bud from unspecified parts. This process begins with the formation of a local condensation of mesenchyme cells within the prospective limb field ends when a limb bud is recognizable.
2007-10-25 GO:0060173 limb development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a limb over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A limb is an appendage of an animal used for locomotion or grasping. For example a leg, arm or some types of fin.
2007-10-25 GO:0046834 lipid phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a lipid, any member of a group of substances soluble in lipid solvents but only sparingly soluble in aqueous solvents.
2007-10-25 GO:0031580 membrane raft distribution Updated DEFINITION The process that establishes the spatial arrangement of lipid rafts within the plasma membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0043882 malate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: malate(out) + Na+(out) = malate(in) + Na+(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0043883 malolactic enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malate + H+ = L-lactate + CO2.
2007-10-25 GO:0033598 mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of mammary gland epithelial cells, resulting in the rapid expansion of a cell population. Mammary gland epithelial cells make up the covering of surfaces of the mammary gland. The mammary gland is a large compound sebaceous gland that in female mammals is modified to secrete milk.
2007-10-25 GO:0008070 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, ovarian follicular epithelium, germ-line encoded Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the ovarian follicle cells along the dorsal-ventral axis by a gene product encoded by cells of the germ line.
2007-10-25 GO:0008071 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, ovarian follicular epithelium, soma encoded Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the ovarian follicle cells along the dorsal-ventral axis by a gene product encoded by somatic cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0000487 maturation of 5.8S rRNA from tetracistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, 2S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Any process involved in the maturation of a precursor 5.8S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) molecule into a mature 5.8S rRNA molecule from the pre-rRNA molecule originally produced as a tetracistronic rRNA transcript that contains the Small Subunit (SSU) rRNA, the 8.8S rRNA, the 2S rRNA, and the Large Subunit (LSU) in that order from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript.
2007-10-25 GO:0000481 maturation of 5S rRNA Updated DEFINITION Any process involved in the maturation of a precursor 5S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) molecule into a mature 5S rRNA molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033620 Mei2 nuclear dot complex Added DEFINITION A nuclear body that forms during meiotic prophase in a fixed position in the horsetail nucleus; contains Mei2 and meiRNA. May play a role in the progression of meiosis I.
2007-10-25 GO:0043887 melibiose:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: melibiose(out) + Na+(out) = melibiose(in) + Na+(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0033619 membrane protein proteolysis Added DEFINITION The proteolytic cleavage of a transmembrane protein leading to the release of its intracellular or ecto-domains.
2007-10-25 GO:0010443 meristemoid mother cell division Added DEFINITION The asymmetric cell division by which a meristemoid mother cells (MMC) give rise to a meristemoid and another cell. The other cell may itself become a MMC or may generate an epidermal cell. Any cell that undergoes this type of division is a MMC.
2007-10-25 GO:0043881 mesaconyl-CoA hydratase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydration of mesaconyl-CoA to beta-methylmalyl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0043892 methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH-dependent) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: lactaldehyde + NADP+ = methylglyoxal + NADPH + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0032528 microvillus organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus, a thin cylindrical membrane-covered projection on the surface of a cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0016009 minor mitochondrial derivative Updated DEFINITION The smaller of the two mitochondrial derivatives that arise by the unfolding of the Nebenkern during flagellum elongation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033615 mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0033617 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase) in the mitochondrial inner membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0032543 mitochondrial translation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein in a mitochondrion. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein; the mitochondrion has its own ribosomes and transfer RNAs, and uses a genetic code that differs from the nuclear code.
2007-10-25 GO:0031158 negative regulation of aggregate size involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that decreases the size of the aggregate formed during sorocarp formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033604 negative regulation of catecholamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a catecholamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0033629 negative regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0033597 mitotic checkpoint complex Added DEFINITION A multiprotein complex that functions as a mitotic checkpoint inhibitor of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C). In budding yeast this complex consists of Mad2p, Mad3p, Bub3p and Cdc20p, and in mammalian cells it consists of MAD2, BUBR1, BUB3, and CDC20.
2007-10-25 GO:0033656 modification by symbiont of host chloroplast Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of host cell chloroplasts. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033657 modification by symbiont of host chloroplast part Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of a component of the host cell chloroplast. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033658 modification by symbiont of host chloroplast thylakoid Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of the host cell chloroplast thylakoid. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033659 modification by symbiont of host mitochondrion Added DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or function of host cell mitochondria. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033662 modulation by symbiont of host defense-related protein level Added DEFINITION The alternation by a symbiont of the levels of defense-related proteins in its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033635 modulation by symbiont of host response to abiotic stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in the state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an abiotic (non-living) stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033637 modulation by symbiont of host response to cold Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cold stimulus, a temperature stimulus below the optimal temperature for that organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033642 modulation by symbiont of host response to gravitational stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gravitational stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033638 modulation by symbiont of host response to heat Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a heat stimulus, a temperature stimulus above the optimal temperature for that organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033640 modulation by symbiont of host response to osmotic stress Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of solutes outside the organism or cell. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033641 modulation by symbiont of host response to pH Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033636 modulation by symbiont of host response to temperature stimulus Added DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates a change in state or activity of a host cell or organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a temperature stimulus. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032556 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0001884 pyrimidine nucleoside binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine nucleoside, a compound consisting of a pyrimidine base linked either to ribose or deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032551 pyrimidine ribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine ribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to ribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032557 pyrimidine ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a pyrimidine ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a pyrimidine ribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0047468 phosphoglucomutase (glucose-cofactor) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose-1-phosphate = glucose-6-phosphate; using D-glucose as a cofactor.
2007-10-25 GO:0046856 phosphatidylinositol dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing one or more phosphate groups from a phosphoinositide, a class of substances comprising phosphatidylinositol and its derivatives.
2007-10-25 GO:0046854 phosphatidylinositol phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a phosphoinositide, a class of substances comprising phosphatidylinositol and its derivatives.
2007-10-25 GO:0046839 phospholipid dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing one or more phosphate groups from a phosphorylated lipid, any member of a group of substances soluble in lipid solvents but only sparingly soluble in aqueous solvents.
2007-10-25 GO:0046838 phosphorylated carbohydrate dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of removing a phosphate group from a phosphorylated carbohydrate, any organic compound based on the general formula Cx(H2O)y with a phosphate moiety attached to it.
2007-10-25 GO:0016310 phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a molecule, usually with the formation of a phosphoric ester, a phosphoric anhydride or a phosphoric amide.
2007-10-25 GO:0033616 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the plasma membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0033618 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex IV assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form respiratory chain complex IV (also known as cytochrome c oxidase) in the plasma membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0032544 plastid translation Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein in a plastid. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein; the plastid has its own ribosomes and transfer RNAs, and uses a genetic code that differs from the nuclear code.
2007-10-25 GO:0042801 polo kinase kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the addition of a phosphate group onto a serine or threonine residue in any member of the polo kinase class of proteins.
2007-10-25 GO:0033664 positive regulation by symbiont of host defense-related protein level Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases levels of defense-related proteins in its host. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0060168 positive regulation of adenosine receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the adenosine receptor signaling pathway. The adenosine receptor pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an adenosine receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0031159 positive regulation of aggregate size involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that increases the size of the aggregate formed during sorocarp formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033605 positive regulation of catecholamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a catecholamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0033630 positive regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0033634 positive regulation of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0035306 positive regulation of dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033603 positive regulation of dopamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of dopamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0010437 9,10 (9', 10')-carotenoid-cleaving dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids at the (9, 10) and/or (9', 10') double bond.
2007-10-25 GO:0043893 acetate:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of acetate from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: acetate(out) + cation(out) = acetate(in) + cation(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0032524 obsolete nutrient export Added DEFINITION The directed movement of nutrients out of a cell or organelle.
2007-10-25 GO:0032576 O-linoleoyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a linoleoyl ((9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoyl) group to an oxygen atom on the acceptor molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042477 odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a tooth over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A tooth is any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042475 odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of a tooth over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Teeth are the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates, and which usually aid in the prehension and mastication of food.
2007-10-25 GO:0032575 ATP-dependent 5'-3' RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of an RNA helix in the direction 5' to 3'.
2007-10-25 GO:0033680 ATP-dependent DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate, driving the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex.
2007-10-25 GO:0032598 B cell receptor transport into immunological synapse Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a B cell receptor into an immunological synapse.
2007-10-25 GO:0032597 B cell receptor transport into membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a B cell receptor into a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0032595 B cell receptor transport within lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a B cell receptor within a lipid bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0007298 border follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the border cells through the nurse cells to reach the oocyte.
2007-10-25 GO:0060175 brain-derived neurotrophic factor-activated receptor activity Added DEFINITION Combining with brain-derived neurotrophic factor, to block apoptosis in neurons and promote nerve growth, or to initiate a change in cell activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0002111 BRCA2-BRAF35 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric complex of BRCA2 and BRAF35 (BRCA2-associated factor 35). The BRCA2-BRAF35 complex is often associated with condensed chromatin during mitosis.
2007-10-25 GO:0033593 BRCA2-MAGE-D1 complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex formed of BRCA2 and MAGE-D1; may mediate the synergistic activities of the two proteins in regulating cell growth.
2007-10-25 GO:0004198 calcium-dependent cysteine-type endopeptidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of nonterminal peptide linkages in oligopeptides or polypeptides by a mechanism using a cysteine residue at the enzyme active center, and requiring the presence of calcium.
2007-10-25 GO:0004698 calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, with a requirement for diacylglycerol and calcium.
2007-10-25 GO:0033633 negative regulation of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0035305 negative regulation of dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process the stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033602 negative regulation of dopamine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of dopamine.
2007-10-25 GO:0032582 negative regulation of gene-specific transcription Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the DNA-dependent transcription of a specific gene or genes.
2007-10-25 GO:0033667 obsolete negative regulation of growth or development of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont stops, prevents or reduces its increase in size or mass or its progression from an initial condition to a later condition, within the cells or tissues of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in the symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032539 negative regulation of host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of any behavior associated with finding a host organism.
2007-10-25 GO:0033624 negative regulation of integrin activation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of integrin activation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033673 negative regulation of kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033600 negative regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate or extent of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033671 negative regulation of NAD+ kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of NAD kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to an NAD molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042486 negative regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042489 negative regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx.
2007-10-25 GO:0032515 negative regulation of phosphoprotein phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of a phosphoprotein phosphatase.
2007-10-25 GO:0042326 negative regulation of phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or decreases the rate of addition of phosphate groups to a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0035308 negative regulation of protein dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process the stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0001933 negative regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or decreases the rate of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032513 negative regulation of protein phosphatase type 2B activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops or reduces the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2B.
2007-10-25 GO:0031286 negative regulation of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation.
2007-10-25 GO:0015360 acetate:proton symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: acetate(out) + H+(out) = acetate(in) + H+(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0043874 acireductone synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reactions: 5-(methylthio)-2,3-dioxopentyl phosphate + H2O = 1,2-dihydroxy-5-(methylthio)pent-1-en-3-one + phosphate (1a) 5-(methylthio)-2,3-dioxopentyl phosphate = 2-hydroxy-5-(methylthio)-3-oxopent-1-enyl phosphate (1b) 2-hydroxy-5-(methylthio)-3-oxopent-1-enyl phosphate + H2O = 1,2-dihydroxy-5-(methylthio)pent-1-en-3-one + phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0042976 activation of Janus kinase activity Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a JAK (Janus Activated Kinase) protein, thereby activating it.
2007-10-25 GO:0032558 adenyl deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an adenyl deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of adenosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0032559 adenyl ribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an adenyl ribonucleotide, any compound consisting of adenosine esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0006757 ATP generation from ADP Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into ADP, adenosine diphosphate, to produce ATP.
2007-10-25 GO:0031780 corticotropin hormone receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an adrenocorticotropin hormone receptor.
2007-10-25 GO:0033565 ESCRT-0 complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex required for the recycling of Golgi proteins, formation of lumenal membranes and sorting of ubiquitinated proteins into those membranes. This complex includes Vps1p and Hse1p in yeast and the Hrs and STAM proteins in mammals.
2007-10-25 GO:0008611 ether lipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ether lipids, lipids that contain (normally) one lipid alcohol in ether linkage to one of the carbon atoms (normally C-1) of glycerol.
2007-10-25 GO:0046485 ether lipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ether lipids, lipids that contain (normally) one lipid alcohol in ether linkage to one of the carbon atoms (normally C-1) of glycerol.
2007-10-25 GO:0031928 pyridoxine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of pyridoxine across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Pyridoxine, 2-methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyridine, is one of the vitamin B6 compounds. Pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine are collectively known as vitamin B6, and are efficiently converted to the biologically active form of vitamin B6, pyridoxal phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033625 positive regulation of integrin activation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of integrin activation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033674 positive regulation of kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a substrate molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0033601 positive regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate or extent of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033672 positive regulation of NAD+ kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of NAD kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to an NAD molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042485 positive regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042488 positive regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates.
2007-10-25 GO:0032516 positive regulation of phosphoprotein phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the activity of a phosphoprotein phosphatase.
2007-10-25 GO:0042327 positive regulation of phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups to a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0035307 positive regulation of protein dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups to amino acids within a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032514 positive regulation of protein phosphatase type 2B activity Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2B.
2007-10-25 GO:0031287 positive regulation of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation.
2007-10-25 GO:0042531 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042511 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042515 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042517 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042520 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042523 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0010445 nuclear dicing body Added DEFINITION A small round nuclear body, measuring 0.2-0.8 microns in diameter that is diffusely distributed throughout the nucleoplasm. Several proteins known to be involved in miRNA processing have been localized to these structures. D-bodies are thought to be involved in primary-miRNA processing and/or storage/assembly of miRNA processing complexes.
2007-10-25 GO:0006165 nucleoside diphosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a nucleoside diphosphate to produce a nucleoside triphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0046940 nucleoside monophosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a nucleoside monophosphate to produce a polyphosphorylated nucleoside.
2007-10-25 GO:0000166 nucleotide binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the ribose or deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0046939 nucleotide phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into a nucleotide to produce a phosphorylated nucleoside.
2007-10-25 GO:0007297 ovarian follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of ovarian follicle cells that takes place during oogenesis. During egg chamber formation, follicle cells migrate to envelop the germ-line cysts and move in between cysts. At stage 10B, follicle cells migrate centripetally between the nurse cells and the oocyte, enclosing the anterior of the egg.
2007-10-25 GO:0030713 ovarian follicle cell stalk formation Updated DEFINITION Development of ovarian follicle cells to create the interfollicular stalks that connect the egg chambers of progressive developmental stages.
2007-10-25 GO:0001542 ovulation from ovarian follicle Updated DEFINITION The process leading to the rupture of the follicle, releasing the centrally located oocyte into the oviduct.
2007-10-25 GO:0033610 oxalate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of oxalate, the organic acid ethanedioate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033611 oxalate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of oxalate, the organic acid ethanedioate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033609 oxalate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving oxalate, the organic acid ethanedioate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033675 pericanalicular vesicle Added DEFINITION A membrane-bound vesicle found near the apical, or pericanalicular, membrane of a hepatocyte; contains proteins involved in bile salt transport and other fluid and solute transport processes.
2007-10-25 GO:0010087 phloem or xylem histogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of phloem and/or xylem over time, from formation to the mature structure.
2007-10-25 GO:0032577 phosphatidylcholine:cardiolipin O-linoleoyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a linoleoyl ((9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoyl) group from phosphatidylcholine to an oxygen atom on a cardiolipin molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0004699 calcium-independent protein kinase C activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, with a requirement for diacylglycerol but not calcium.
2007-10-25 GO:0046835 carbohydrate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into a carbohydrate, any organic compound based on the general formula Cx(H2O)y.
2007-10-25 GO:0043885 carbon-monoxide dehydrogenase (ferredoxin) activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: CO + H2O + oxidized ferredoxin = CO2 + reduced ferredoxin.
2007-10-25 GO:0010436 carotenoid dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids.
2007-10-25 GO:0033627 cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION The attachment of a cell, either to another cell or to an underlying substrate such as the extracellular matrix, via an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits.
2007-10-25 GO:0033626 positive regulation of integrin activation by cell surface receptor linked signal transduction Added DEFINITION Any series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of an extracellular ligand to a receptor on the surface of the target cell that lead to the increased affinity of an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits, for its extracellular ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0033631 cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION The attachment of one cell to another cell via an integrin, a heterodimeric adhesion receptor formed by the non-covalent association of particular alpha and beta subunits.
2007-10-25 GO:0010438 cellular response to sulfur starvation Added DEFINITION A change in the state or activity of a cell (in terms of enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of sulfur.
2007-10-25 GO:0032600 chemokine receptor transport out of membrane raft Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a chemokine receptor out of a lipid raft.
2007-10-25 GO:0033606 chemokine receptor transport within lipid bilayer Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a chemokine receptor within a lipid bilayer.
2007-10-25 GO:0033614 chloroplast proton-transporting ATP synthase complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a proton-transporting ATP synthase in the chloroplast thylakoid membrane.
2007-10-25 GO:0060170 ciliary membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a cilium.
2007-10-25 GO:0000448 cleavage in ITS2 between 5.8S rRNA and LSU-rRNA of tricistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Endonucleolytic cleavage within ITS2 between the 5.8S rRNA and the LSU-rRNA of an rRNA molecule originally produced as a tricistronic rRNA transcript that contained the Small SubUnit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, and the Large SubUnit (LSU) rRNA, in that order, from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript.
2007-10-25 GO:0000469 cleavage involved in rRNA processing Added DEFINITION Any cleavage involved in the conversion of a primary ribosomal RNA (rRNA) transcript into a mature rRNA molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0043884 CO-methylating acetyl-CoA synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + corrinoid protein = CO + methylcorrinoid protein + CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0015228 coenzyme A transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of coenzyme A across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. Coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, is an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2007-10-25 GO:0031297 replication fork processing Updated DEFINITION The process by which a DNA replication fork that has stalled (due to DNA damage, DNA secondary structure, bound proteins, dNTP shortage, or other causes) is repaired and replication is restarted.
2007-10-25 GO:0001745 compound eye morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of the compound eye are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. The adult compound eye is a precise assembly of 700-800 ommatidia. Each ommatidium is composed of 20 cells, identified by cell type and position.
2007-10-25 GO:0046667 compound eye retinal cell programmed cell death Updated DEFINITION Programmed cell death that occurs in the retina to remove excess cells between ommatidia, thus resulting in a hexagonal lattice, precise with respect to cell number and position surrounding each ommatidium.
2007-10-25 GO:0032541 cortical endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION A cortical network of highly dynamic tubules that are juxtaposed to the plasma membrane and undergo ring closure and tubule-branching movements.
2007-10-25 GO:0006613 cotranslational protein targeting to membrane Updated DEFINITION The targeting of proteins to a membrane that occurs during translation. The transport of most secretory proteins, particularly those with more than 100 amino acids, into the endoplasmic reticulum lumen occurs in this manner, as does the import of some proteins into mitochondria.
2007-10-25 GO:0043880 crotonyl-CoA reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reduction of crotonyl-CoA to butyryl-CoA.
2007-10-25 GO:0031154 culmination involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the culminant over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Clumination begins with a morphogenetic change of the finger-like or migratory slug giving rise to an organized structure containing a stalk and a sorus. This process is the final stage of sorocarp development.
2007-10-25 GO:0032545 CURI complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that is involved in the transcription of ribosomal genes. In Saccharomyces this complex consists of Ckb2p, Utp22p, Rrp7p andIfh1p.
2007-10-25 GO:0043895 cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cyclization of part of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan chain by formation of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucosidic bond.
2007-10-25 GO:0032519 cysteine-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + cysteine(in) = ADP + phosphate + cysteine(out).
2007-10-25 GO:0032521 D-methionine-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + D-methionine(in) = ADP + phosphate + D-methionine(out).
2007-10-25 GO:0032522 D-methionine-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a solute or solutes from one side of a membrane to the other according to the reaction: ATP + H2O + D-methionine(out) = ADP + phosphate + D-methionine(in).
2007-10-25 GO:0048786 presynaptic active zone Updated DEFINITION A specialized region of the plasma membrane and cell cortex of a presynaptic neuron; encompasses a region of the plasma membrane where synaptic vesicles dock and fuse, synaptic vesicles, and a specialized cortical cytoskeletal matrix.
2007-10-25 GO:0048787 presynaptic active zone membrane Updated DEFINITION The membrane portion of the presynaptic active zone; it is the site where docking and fusion of synaptic vesicles occurs for the release of neurotransmitters.
2007-10-25 GO:0043894 acetyl-CoA synthetase acetyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the acetylation of residue Lys609 of the enzyme acetyl-CoA synthetase, using acetyl-CoA as substrate.
2007-10-25 GO:0033580 protein galactosylation at cell surface Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid at the surface of a cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0033582 protein galactosylation in cytosol Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid in the cytosol.
2007-10-25 GO:0033579 protein galactosylation in endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid in the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0033581 protein galactosylation in Golgi Added DEFINITION The addition of a galactose unit to a protein amino acid in any compartment of the Golgi apparatus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033575 protein glycosylation at cell surface Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid at the surface of a cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0033576 protein glycosylation in cytosol Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid in the cytosol.
2007-10-25 GO:0033577 protein glycosylation in endoplasmic reticulum Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid in the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0033578 protein glycosylation in Golgi Added DEFINITION The addition of a sugar unit to a protein amino acid in any compartment of the Golgi apparatus.
2007-10-25 GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group on to a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0010451 floral meristem growth Added DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of a floral meristem, a population of undifferentiated cells in a plant that gives rise to a flower.
2007-10-25 GO:0033560 folate reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADP+ = folate + NADPH + H+.
2007-10-25 GO:0032529 follicle cell microvillus organization Added DEFINITION A process that is carried out at the cellular level which results in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus on a follicle cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0021863 forebrain neuroblast differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby neuroepithelial cells in the neural tube acquire specialized structural and/or functional features of basal progenitor cells, neuroblasts that lose their contacts with the ventricular surface. Differentiation includes the processes involved in commitment of a cell to a specific fate.
2007-10-25 GO:0021873 forebrain neuroblast division Updated DEFINITION The division of a neuroblast located in the forebrain. Neuroblast division gives rise to at least another neuroblast. As in, but not restricted to, the vertebrates (Vertebrata, ncbi_taxonomy_id:7742).
2007-10-25 GO:0033628 regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0031344 regulation of cell projection organization Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of cell projections.
2007-10-25 GO:0032536 regulation of cell projection size Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the size of a cell projection.
2007-10-25 GO:0033632 regulation of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of cell-cell adhesion mediated by integrin.
2007-10-25 GO:0032535 regulation of cellular component size Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the size of a cellular component.
2007-10-25 GO:0035303 regulation of dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0052548 regulation of endopeptidase activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of endopeptidase activity, the endohydrolysis of peptide linkages within proteins.
2007-10-25 GO:0033666 obsolete positive regulation of growth or development of symbiont in host Added DEFINITION Any process by which the symbiont activates, maintains or increases its size or mass or its progression from an initial condition to a later condition, within the cells or tissues of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in the symbiotic interaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0032540 positive regulation of host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of any behavior associated with finding a host organism.
2007-10-25 GO:0043876 D-threonine aldolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-threonine (or D-allo-threonine) = glycine + acetaldehyde.
2007-10-25 GO:0032563 dADP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dADP, deoxyadenosine diphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0006174 dADP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into dADP, deoxyadenosine diphosphate, to produce dATP.
2007-10-25 GO:0032562 dAMP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dAMP, deoxyadenosine monophosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032564 dATP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dATP, deoxyadenosine triphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032590 dendrite membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a dendrite.
2007-10-25 GO:0032591 dendritic spine membrane Added DEFINITION The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding a dendritic spine.
2007-10-25 GO:0032546 deoxyribonucleoside binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a deoxyribonucleoside, a compound consisting of a purine or pyrimidine nitrogenous base linked to deoxyribose.
2007-10-25 GO:0032552 deoxyribonucleotide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a deoxyribonucleotide, any compound consisting of a deoxyribonucleoside that is esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety.
2007-10-25 GO:0006019 deoxyribose 5-phosphate phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into deoxyribose 5-phosphate to produce deoxyribose bisphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032566 dGDP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dGDP, deoxyguanosine diphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0060166 olfactory pit development Updated DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the olfactory pit from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the olfactory pit, which is an indentation of the olfactory placode, and ends when the pits hollows out to form the nasopharynx.
2007-10-25 GO:0001748 optic lobe placode development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the optic placode over time, from its formation to the mature structure. During embryonic stage 12 the placode starts to invaginate, forming a pouch. Cells that will form Bolwig's organ segregate from the ventral lip of this pouch, remaining in the head epidermis. The remainder of the invagination loses contact with the outer surface and becomes the optic lobe.
2007-10-25 GO:0001744 optic lobe placode formation Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the optic placode, a thickened area of densely packed ectoderm cells directly overlying the optic vesicle in the early embryo. In Drosophila, for example, the placode appears in the dorsolateral region of the head in late stage 11 embryos and is the precursor to the larval visual system.
2007-10-25 GO:0031388 organic acid phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing one or more phosphate groups into an organic acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0007299 ovarian follicle cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a somatic follicle cell to another somatic follicle cell or to its substratum, the germline cells.
2007-10-25 GO:0030707 ovarian follicle cell development Updated DEFINITION The process that occurs during oogenesis involving the ovarian follicle cells, somatic cells which surround the germ cells of an ovary.
2007-10-25 GO:0006186 dGDP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into dGDP, deoxyguanosine diphosphate, to produce dGTP.
2007-10-25 GO:0032565 dGMP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dGMP, deoxyguanosine monophosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0032567 dGTP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dGTP, deoxyguanosine triphosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0006194 dIDP phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The process of introducing a phosphate group into dIDP, deoxyinosine diphosphate, to produce dITP.
2007-10-25 GO:0047321 diphosphate-protein phosphotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: microsomal-membrane protein + diphosphate = pyrophosphate + O-phospho-microsomal-membrane protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0003896 DNA primase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the synthesis of a short RNA primer on a DNA template, providing a free 3'-OH that can be extended by DNA-directed DNA polymerases. Catalyzed by a DNA-directed RNA polymerase that forms a complex with alpha DNA polymerase.
2007-10-25 GO:0031261 DNA replication preinitiation complex Updated DEFINITION A multiprotein complex assembled at eukaryotic DNA replication origins immediately prior to the initiation of DNA replication. The preinitiation complex is formed by the assembly of additional proteins onto an existing prereplicative complex. In budding yeast, the additional proteins include Cdc45p, Sld2p, Sld3p, Dpb11p, DNA polymerases, and others.
2007-10-25 GO:0033567 DNA replication, Okazaki fragment processing Added DEFINITION The DNA metabolic process, occurring during lagging strand synthesis, by which RNA primers are removed from Okazaki fragments, the resulting gaps filled by DNA polymerization, and the ends ligated to form a continuous strand.
2007-10-25 GO:0008094 DNA-dependent ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate in the presence of single- or double-stranded DNA; drives another reaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0004677 DNA-dependent protein kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein, requiring the presence of DNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0033677 DNA/RNA helicase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the unwinding of a DNA/RNA duplex, i.e. a double helix in which a strand of DNA pairs with a complementary strand of RNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0008069 dorsal/ventral axis specification, ovarian follicular epithelium Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the ovarian follicle cells along the dorsal/ventral axis.
2007-10-25 GO:0033563 dorsal/ventral axon guidance Added DEFINITION The process by which the migration of an axon growth cone is directed to a specific target site along the dorsal-ventral body axis in response to a combination of attractive and repulsive cues.
2007-10-25 GO:0033676 double-stranded DNA-dependent ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate in the presence of double-stranded DNA; drives another reaction.
2007-10-25 GO:0033589 Elongator core complex Added DEFINITION A heterotrimeric protein complex that forms part of the Elongator holoenzyme complex, which is involved in tRNA modification, and exerts indirect effects on transcriptional elongation and exocytosis. In Saccharomyces, the core complex consists of Iki3p/Elp1p, Elp2p, and Elp3p; the proteins are conserved in human.
2007-10-25 GO:0033588 Elongator holoenzyme complex Added DEFINITION A heterohexameric protein complex that is involved in tRNA modification, and exerts indirect effects on transcriptional elongation and exocytosis. The complex can associate physically with hyperphosphorylated RNA polymerase II; it contains two discrete heterotrimeric subcomplexes. In Saccharomyces, the core complex consists of Iki3p/Elp1p, Elp2p, and Elp3p, and the other consists of Elp4p, Iki1p/Elp5p, and Elp6p.
2007-10-25 GO:0000483 endonucleolytic cleavage of tetracistronic rRNA transcript (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, 2S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Endonucleolytic cleavage of a pre-rRNA molecule originally produced as a tetracistronic rRNA transcript that contains the Small SubUnit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, 2S rRNA, and the Large SubUnit (LSU) rRNA, in that order, from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript. Primary ribosomal RNA transcripts with four genes, in this order, are produced in the nuclei of D. melanogaster as well as in those of other dipteran species.
2007-10-25 GO:0000472 endonucleolytic cleavage to generate mature 5'-end of SSU-rRNA from (SSU-rRNA, 5.8S rRNA, LSU-rRNA) Updated DEFINITION Endonucleolytic cleavage between the 5'-External Transcribed Spacer (5'-ETS) and the 5' end of the SSU-rRNA of a tricistronic rRNA transcript that contains the Small Subunit (SSU) rRNA, the 5.8S rRNA, and the Large Subunit (LSU) rRNA in that order from 5' to 3' along the primary transcript, to produce the mature end of the SSU-rRNA.
2007-10-25 GO:0032510 endosome to lysosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances from endosomes to lysosomes by a pathway in which molecules are sorted into multivesicular bodies, which then fuse with the lysosome.
2007-10-25 GO:0032509 endosome transport via multivesicular body sorting pathway Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances from endosomes to lysosomes or vacuoles by a pathway in which molecules are sorted into multivesicular bodies, which then fuse with the target compartment.
2007-10-25 GO:0032581 ER-dependent peroxisome organization Added DEFINITION The de novo formation of peroxisomes from the endoplasmic reticulum.
2007-10-25 GO:0032533 regulation of follicle cell microvillus length Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the length of a microvillus on a follicle cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0032531 regulation of follicle cell microvillus organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus on a follicle cell.
2007-10-25 GO:0032583 regulation of gene-specific transcription Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the DNA-dependent transcription of a specific gene or genes.
2007-10-25 GO:0010439 regulation of glucosinolate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glucosinolates, substituted thioglucosides found in rapeseed products and related cruciferae.
2007-10-25 GO:0042526 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0008856 exodeoxyribonuclease X activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Endonucleolytic cleavage of supercoiled plasma DNA to linear DNA duplexes.
2007-10-25 GO:0015230 FAD transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of flavin-adenine dinucleotide (FAD) across a membrane into, out of, within or between cells. FAD forms the coenzyme of the prosthetic group of various flavoprotein oxidoreductase enzymes, in which it functions as an electron acceptor by being reversibly converted to its reduced form.
2007-10-25 GO:0009288 bacterial-type flagellum Updated DEFINITION A motor complex composed of an extracellular helical protein filament coupled to a rotary motor embedded in the cell envelope.
2007-10-25 GO:0016462 pyrophosphatase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the hydrolysis of a pyrophosphate bond between two phosphate groups, leaving one phosphate on each of the two fragments.
2007-10-25 GO:0004740 pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) = ADP + pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) phosphate.
2007-10-25 GO:0045468 regulation of R8 cell spacing in compound eye Updated DEFINITION Any process that ensures that the R8 cells are selected in a precise progressive pattern so that they are evenly spaced throughout the eye disc.
2007-10-25 GO:0033612 receptor serine/threonine kinase binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a receptor that possesses protein serine/threonine kinase activity.
2007-10-25 GO:0060167 regulation of adenosine receptor signaling pathway Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the adenosine receptor signaling pathway. The adenosine receptor pathway is the series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of an adenosine receptor binding to one of its physiological ligands.
2007-10-25 GO:0031157 regulation of aggregate size involved in sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the size of the aggregate formed during sorocarp formation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033252 regulation of beta-lactamase activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of beta-lactamase activity, the hydrolysis of a beta-lactam to yield a substituted beta-amino acid.
2007-10-25 GO:0032538 regulation of host-seeking behavior Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of any behavior associated with finding a host organism.
2007-10-25 GO:0033623 regulation of integrin activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of integrin activation.
2007-10-25 GO:0033599 regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation.
2007-10-25 GO:0032534 regulation of microvillus assembly Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the formation of a microvillus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032532 regulation of microvillus length Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the length of a microvillus.
2007-10-25 GO:0032530 regulation of microvillus organization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a process involved in the formation, arrangement of constituent parts, or disassembly of a microvillus.
2007-10-25 GO:0033670 regulation of NAD+ kinase activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of NAD kinase activity, the catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to an NAD molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0042484 regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth.
2007-10-25 GO:0042487 regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates.
2007-10-25 GO:0042325 regulation of phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups into a molecule.
2007-10-25 GO:0035304 regulation of protein dephosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0001932 regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphate groups into an amino acid in a protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0032512 regulation of protein phosphatase type 2B activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the activity of the enzyme protein phosphatase type 2B.
2007-10-25 GO:0031156 regulation of sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp development.
2007-10-25 GO:0031285 regulation of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of sorocarp stalk cell differentiation.
2007-10-25 GO:0060164 regulation of timing of neuron differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process controlling the timing and/or rate at which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires features of a neuron.
2007-10-25 GO:0060165 regulation of timing of subpallium neuron differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process controlling the timing and/or rate at which a relatively unspecialized cell in the subpallium acquires features of a neuron. The subpallium is the base region of the telencephalon.
2007-10-25 GO:0042509 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a STAT (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription) protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042510 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat1 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042513 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat2 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat2 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042516 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat3 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042519 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat4 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042522 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat5 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042525 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat6 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0042528 regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of introducing a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.
2007-10-25 GO:0033561 regulation of water loss via skin Added DEFINITION A process that modulates the rate or extent of water loss from an organism via the skin.
2007-10-25 GO:0042529 positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat7 protein Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the introduction of a phosphate group to a tyrosine residue of a Stat7 protein.
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